Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 5, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Mon , Auk 5. 1*7< 9
Beef, Like Oil,Stirs
Bv Ma lr olm W Brow nr
MOSCOW (NYT) - Cowboys of tho w/orld — boof seems to be taking a modest place next to oil as one of the latest sources of international trouble, and like1 oil, it (lits across all other divisions
The latest crisis was precipitated on July lf) by a decision of the european economic community to ban beef imports by member countries until next November In addition, it was reported from Paris that the Common Market has begun dumping its beef surplus on the Soviet Triton.
Only Fraction Of School Meat Money Spent
WASHINGTON (Al’) - The government has spent only $11 ti million so far of $100 million it earmarked to buy beef and pork for school lunches next fall and winter, according to the latest tabulation by agriculture department officials.
As of this week, USDA said, about 14.2 million pounds of hamburger costing $10.3 million and less than 1.5 million pounds of pork at $13 million had been purchased The meat-buying campaign was launched by the Nixon administration last June when livestock prices were severely depressed. Officials said the meat was needed for school lunches and that it was good business to buy ahead when prices were down.
But cattle and hog prices at the farm have recovered sharply from those low levels, although still down from last summer’s peaks. There has been no indication, however, that the $100 million meat purchase program will be curtailed.
Butz Replies To Meat Critics: Eliminate Cats
WASHINGTON (AP) - lf critics of how much meat Americans (‘at were serious. 'they would advocate destruction of one-half the nation’s dogs, cats and horses. Secretary of Agriculture Earl L. Butz said last week
“I wonder if some of those ill-informed, fuzzy-thinking do-gooders who suggest that we cat one less hamburger per week to release more foodstuffs for the world are really serious,” Blitz said.
“If so, they could make the first onslaught on this noble goal by reducing our dog and cat population by 5(1 percent. which likewise would suddenly release more grain for the world,” he said
“We could also make very substantial progress increasing grain supplies by reducing by 50 percent our horse population — which no longer pulls the plow or the dray." Butz said.
“Now. I am not out to limit horse nullifiers or to cut down on the number of pets,” Butz said “I do not advocate such a thing. On the other hand, if some people are really serious about proposing that we cut back on hamburgers in order to feed the world, then I want to know how they feel about the horses and the dogs and the cats they own
His remarks were in a speech prepared for a College Bark. Md., meeting of the American Society of Animal Science.
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Some meat producers in Communist countries might have expected the* Russians to have helped support the beef market Instead, it seems that the Soviet Union has been buying up western Europe's beef surplus at $830 a ton — a bargain iii view of the world price of $1 .(NHI a ton
Mouth Waters “I can't wait for some of that good tyeat to reach (he Moscow stores, if it ever does,” one Russian said. “The thought makes the mouth water.”
Hungary, one of Europe’s most important suppliers of beef, takes a different view Charging that western Europe had “banged the door’’ on Hungarian meat, the news-pa|>or Magyar Hirlap of Budapest commented “The Common Market authorities and the governments behind them want the Hungarian national economy, among others, to finance their own economic and political blunders.”
The Hungarians have not commented on Moscow’s eager readiness to buy up the beef surplus at cut-rate prices, but Hungary’s profit-minded collective farm managers are not likely to be pleased.
Yugoslavia Furious Yugoslavia, one of Europe's biggest beef exporters, is fu rious at the turn of events. Yugoslavia sells beef to the United States Seventh army in West Germany, which presumably will go on eating steak, come what may. But a vastlv more important customer is neighboring Italy.
Not only have Italians come to insist on beef increasingly with the passing years, but Italian hotels and restaurants have an insatiable need for beef to feed tourists — especially Germans. Traditionally, Yugoslav beef is excellent and cheap.
But the Italian national economy has suffered more than most others in western Europe recently, and the hard fact everywhere these days is that beef is just too expensive for most people most of the time.
Consequently, Italy decided last spring to halt imports of Yugoslav l>eef for a while, and, from that moment. Italian-Yugoslav relations have gone from bad to worse.
Warm Relations But as Moscow buys up cheap surplus beef in west Europe (mostly from France and Ireland thus far), relations between Moscow and Rome have never seemed so warm. Foreign Minister Ald© Moro of Italy is enjoying an extremely warm reception in the Soviet Union at the moment and has just signed a far-reaching 10-year economic cooperation pact with the Russians.
The country that traditionally suffers most when Europe stops buying beef is Argentina. and not surprisingly. Argentine and Yugoslav do* plomats have been in urgent consultation on joint policies recently Several years ago, Britain, the traditional main buyer of Argentine beef, temporarily banned Argentine beef. Argentina had grown rich selling Britain beef during World waril. and had taken the market for granted
( attic Epidemic Only when Argentine beef, alleged by London to have been contaminated with hoof and-mouth disease, supposedly started a disastrous cattle epidemic in Britain itself, was the ban imposed Uruguay, also heavily dependent on beef sales to Europe. is also making common cause with Hungary and Yugoslavia in the matter of beef
Rights Assn. Raps Proposed Pipeline
A quarter-mile of pipe carries water to the sprinkler heads on this irrigation system near Hitchcock, S.D. Fed from a well, the system distributes 700 gallons of water per minute over the field. In the inset, farmers Ron Johnson and Del Mitchell stand amidst their five-foot corn.
Bean Shortage Hinted
By Leroy Rope
NEW YORK (UBI) — May and June rains in the* Midwest may cause another soybean shortage this year and force many food prices up for the American family.
Last year’s soybean crisis was caused by unusually heavy demand in Europe and Japan for American soy products ll forced the price up to an unprecedented $12 a bushel. Ifs new about $ti, Last year ll. S. farmers got $8 5 billion from their soybean crops.
The late spring rains delayed farmers about 3(1 days in planting, and that could make the crop as much as 3 9 million bushels smaller than last year’s Farmers say this year’s crop also will cost 4(1 percent more to grow because of high fertilizer and labor costs.
Meal Without Bones
Known for several thousand years in China as “meat without bones.” the protein-rich soybean didn t become important in the West until just before World war ll Now it s almost as vital and big as wheat or corn, yet only three countries — China, the United States and Brazil — grow large amounts of soybeans, according to Chairman Dale W McMillen, jr.. of Central Soya Co. of Et. Wayne. Iud It expects to process and market $15 billion worth of soybean products this year.
Besides protein, soybeans are a valuable source of poly-
NFO Members Deliver 1,500 Pigs for Slaughter
WATERL(K) — Operation “Little Porker” resumed in a nine-county area surrounding Waterloo when National Farmers Organization (NFO) members delivered for early slaughter some 1.5(H) pigs of from 4(1 to fit! pounds as a demonstration of their feelings on the market situation
Uncertainties in the minds of pork producers are causing them to liquidate their livestock operations.
The pigs delivered to a point near Traer last week are now enroute to New Jersey to Im* slaughtered and put into storage for 30 days before shipment out of the United States.
The Waterloo demonstration auld others like* it will result in removal of approximately 345.0(H) pounds of pork from the consumer market three or four months from now The general NFO goal calls for up to 5(H).(HH) “little porkers” to
Im* slaughtered and exported by the time the program is completed.
Former NFO Vice-president Ehrhardt Bfingsten told 500 “Little Porker” supporters af Traer that “this is one way for farmers to express their feelings
“We must alert the consumer lo the serious problems existing on the agriculture front. such as low livestock prices. high cost of material needs and skyrocket mig interest rates ’’
Bfingsten urged farmers to make sure that production remains in the hands of the family farmer.
Because NEO officials view Operation “Little Porker’’ as a success, they say they will carry the program into other commodities
Operation “Little Sucker” was scheduled at Oskaloosa This program involves
marketing of cows with calves at their sides.
“Fabrics and Sewing”
A Brand New Section Coming To The Cedar Rapids Gazette
Wednesday, August 14
Of interest to all women who fashion their own clothes or do • Knitting • Needlepoint • Crewel • Upholstering • Draperies etc.
For ads in this section, call Display Advertising Dept. 398-8224 Plan Now, last Minute Deadline is IO A M. Thurs. August 8.
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unsaturated oils and lecithin, a useful food emulsifier. The little gold beans produce curd, meal, flour and the rich oil used to make margarine, cooking and salad oils and sauces I he oil also is used in making paints, soaps and plastics.
Paints and Plastics
W E Mann, Central Soya s vice-president and chemurg-ist. says the soybean is about the cheapest source of protein and certainly the* most versatile. Its uses proliferate constantly For example, hamburger and other meat putties extended by the addition of textured soy flour now arc believed to have captured almost 20 percent of the retail ground meat market. Frankfurters, bologna and sausages, many snack foods and chili and spaghetti sauces often contain soy flour So do many bread, waffle and cake mixes, baby foods and some Itever-ages
Textured soy curd and flour is now being used in a new kind of frozen foods called analogs that look and taste somewhat like chicken or ham. Soybean products can be so bland that they can be flavored to taste like almost anything Improves Nutrition
Soya products are not added to foods just as extenders, Mann explained “Soya is so rich in protein that the* purpose frequently is to improve the nutritional value of a given fond I think this use of soya products is going to expand enormously,” he said.
The soybean feeds animals and poultry as well as people.
For example, 98 percent of all soybean meal goes into livestock, poultry and pct foods.
McMillen of Central Soya, which claims In make the most varied line of soya products, thinks domestic use of these products will continue to grow He points out that half of the U. S. output of lieans and soy products now is exported. With domestic consumption growing fast and Japan and European countries becoming ever more dependent on American soybeans, McMillen says it is imperative to increase the American output substantially
MAYNARD (AB) - Approximately 1911 miles of prime agricultural land in Iowa would be affected by a pipeline planned by Dome Pipeline Co., says James Oltrogge of rural Maynard.
Oltrogge is chairman of the Agricultural Property Rights Assn . which consists of a group of northeast Iowa farmers who are opposed to the Canadian natural gas pipeline being installed through “prime” agricultural land in northeast Iowa
“As far as I’m concerned. Dome Pipeline Co. doesn’t have enough money to bring that pipeline across this part of the country lint they might just have enough money to buy some people off." said Oltrogge
The controversy which exists between the farmers and the gas company started three years ago Oltrogge said that in November of 1971 he received a letter from Dome Pipeline Co. stating that he should appear at an informational meeting.
“Things just started out badly at that meeting.” he said
When he asked them (company officials) why he should sign tho casement allowing them to put the pipeline through his property. Oltrogge said he was told this particular meeting “was not the time or tin* place for such questions.”
Prior to the close of the last legislative session. Oltrogge said members of the association were under the impression they were going to get some positive support for their cause in the form of the annual rental fee bill. When it was moved to bring the bill on the floor, the motion was defeated, he said
Want Rental Fee
However, an eminent domain interim committee was established to study the pipeline issue.
Oltrogge said northeast Iowa farmers don't want the pipeline run through their property hut “if we are forced to take it then we want an annual rental fee.”
The pipeline, which consists of lft-inch and 12-Inch pipelines, would run through the center of his property, said Oltrogge
He said one of the main reasons farmers are against the pipeline is damage to drainage tile The pipeline would be buried between 3 and 31 -2 feet deep and Oltrogge claims most of the til<‘ lines are hurled between 3 and ti feet.
Dome has indicated it would like to have the pipeline in operation by 1975 lint so far no work has begun on the project The proposed pipeline would be part of the Cochin Pipeline System extending 1,-720 miles from Alberta, Canada. to Monroe county, Mich , where it would connect with Dome’s existing eastern delivery system
Oltrogge said representatives of his group are to appear before the eminent domain committee Aug 8 One of the association’s first steps was to retain the legal firm of Shuttleworth and In* gersoll of Cedar Rapids, as counsel.
Seized Philippine Airliner Returned
SAN FRANCIS! O (UPI) - A Philippine Air Lines DC-10 has been flown back to Manila after being seized by the U.S. government for allegedly violating Civil Aeronautics Board regulations.
PAL officials said the plane left without passengers or cargo. a stipulation by the U.S. attorney's office
The plum1 was allowed to return to its homeland after PAL posted a $2(MI.0()(I surety bond
U.S. marshals seized the plane upon its landing at San Francisco International airport. Federal officials said PAL DC-1 Os were not authorized to land in tho C S.
Federal sources said in Washington, IVC., thai the U.S. government took the action in retaliation for Philippine action barring flights to its country by American airlines.
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