Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 4, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
thieves market popular
Iowa CAIv Evant in Pictures
(in Section BJ
Youngsters Comment on Mg Step
(In Section C)
tartly cloudy Sunday with high in the mid 60 s. Clearing and cooler Sunday night, with low around 50. Chance of rain 20 percent
CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA. SUNDAY, AUGUST 4, 1974
ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES
Ford Now Sees Nixon House Loss
HATTIESBURG, Miss. (AP)
— Vice-president Ford said Saturday the situation in the house j of representatives “has eroded significantly” and President!
Nixon may be impeached I “unless there is some change.”
The vice-president said if impeachment appears inevitable,! ..... ................
he would favor a house vote to; house. By a narrow 45-44 percent, a plurality of Republicans
Poll: Public Favors Impeachment, 66-27%
By I/Ouis Harris
Copyright 1974 by Chicago Tribun*
By a 66-27 percent majority, the American people believe the house of representatives should vote to impeach President Nixon so he can be tried by the U. S. senate.” In the wake of the impeachment recommendations of the house judiciary committee, the number who now favor impeachment has jumped from 53 to 66 percent.
By 56-31 percent, a majority also now believe “the U. S. senate should vote to convict President Nixon,” up from a 47-34 percent plurality who felt that way just prior to the house judiciary committee televised debate and vote.
Significantly, by 49-43 percent, people who voted for the President in 1972 now favor an impeachment vote by the
censure the President instead.
In reply to a question on whether Nixon will be im-j peached .by the house, Ford! said, “I suspect the odds are' such, unless there is some] change, that he may be.
“I think the situation in the house has eroded significantly,”! Ford said. “I think the odds are changed.”
Ford said his own view has not changed and “I still think1 the President is innocent of any impeachable offense.”
He voiced the conditional sup-] port of a censure vote in re- i sponse to another question at an airport news conference.
“If I had my druthers, I’d rather have the house vote the facts as I see them and vote for acquittal,” he replied. “But if you have no alternative to impeachment but censure, then I would favor censure.”
Asked if he agreed with a White House statement that the President is now an underdog in i his fight against impeachment,! Ford replied: “I think the Pres-1 ident is being attacked in a par-! tisan way by members of: congress.”
The vice-president was in Mis- > sissippi for political rallies to support three congressional candidates, including Rep. Trent Lott, a member of the house judiciary committee. Lott voted against all articles of impeachment debated by the committee.
Cyprus Talks Deadlock on Truce Lines
NICOSIA (UPI) - Truce talks between Turkish, Greek and! British military officers bogged; down Saturday on the precise location of cease-fire lines on1 Cyprus, a United Nations! spokesman said.
The second round of negotiations ended after eight hours, with the Greeks and Turks expressing ‘‘opposing views on the location of the demarcation lines,” the ipokesman said. The officers agreed to consult with their superiors and meet again today.
The morning and afternoon truce talks were conducted against a background of sporadic gunfire on the island and a Turkish operation to resupply its invasion force | on Cyprus with a beachhead shuttle of landing craft.
The U. N. spokesman said J that besides the problem of j cease-fire lines, additional conflict arose over “the role which the U. N. should play in carrying out its task in the cease-fire operation.”
“It looks like these talks will drag on a long time,” a highranking military source said.
still oppose such action. Enrolled Republicans oppose conviction of the President by 52-31 percent, and Nixon 1972 voters share this same view by 50-34 percent.
Thus, it can be concluded that Nixon still has a hard-core of supporters coming to 31 percent of the public, although by a1! measures his backing has been badly eroded by the docsive vote to impeach bv the house judieary committee.
The action of the judiciary committee to vote to impeach in turn meets with 65-29 percent favor among the public. Significantly, people who live in the ^puth reacted positively to the impeachment vote by a margin of 59-35 percent.
The standing of the judiciary committee rose dramatically as a result of its impeachment deliberations. By 62-30 percent, a solid majority now give the committee high marks on its handling of the impeachment proceedings. Prior to the televised debate, the public gave the committee negative marks by 48-36 percent.
Chairman Rodino of the judiciary committee also is now held in much higher regard than before the committee took its decisive steps in recommending impeachment. Rodino’s efforts now meet with 58-22 percent endorsement, compared with the 38-32 percent negative standing for him recorded before the committee vote.
A similar reversal took place in the public’s assessment of judiciary committee counsels John Doar and Albert Jenner. Before the televised debate and vote, the public gave them negative marks by 35-29 percent. Now they are rated 43-22 percent positive.
Democratic members of the judiciary committee were given 46-32 percent negative marks before the decisive vote, but just after the event rose to 55-32 percent positive. Significantly, Republican members of the committee also improved their standing from a 53-24 percent negative to a post-impeach-ment proceeding standing of 43-43 percent.
Immediately after the judiciary committee ended its impeachment proceedings, Harris survey interviewers in 200 locations across the country made personal, at home calls upon a national probability cross-section of 1,552 adults in interviews lasting up to one hour in length.
The cross-section was asked: “The house judiciary committee has voted to impeach President Nixon. Do you favor or oppose the action of the house judiciary committee in recommending the impeachment of President Nixon?”
Railroad crews Saturday were removing debris and re-laying 800 feet of North Western tracks torn up in a derailment about 7:30 p.m. Friday at the east edge of Norway. The tracks were slated to be put back into use Saturday evening. Trains were detoured on the Milwaukee tracks. Cause of the derailment of 19 cars of the eastbound train was thought to be a broken axle on one of the freight cars. One of the cars ripped open reportedly contained sugar. There were no injuries during the derailment.
flaps *-EA on Allocations
WASHINGTON (AP) — The sibility to protect the marketi arm of congress, also found Federal Energy Administration share of the nation’s indepen- delav and confusion in the en-apparently is unable to keep a dent retail fuel dealers as man-1 y 1
close watch on whether the nation’s fuel suppliers are complying with petroleum allocation requirements, according to the end,” Sawhill said. General Accounting Office. Under the allocation
Phone Strike Set ForSunday Night
UCH reid.1 .UCI criers as iiian-i ....... . , WASHINGTON (UPI) - As|®!ve", ‘“*5? °f “JJ
UUU icidii iu I utditTi, asinurn administration’s handling informal talk? rantimuwi on o1illegal freedom to any illegal
dated in the Petroleum Alioca-I . .. . . informal talks continued on a captor „ Este„e said t^No ^
HUNTSVILLE, Texas (UPI) Renegade convict Fred Gomez Carrasco was killed Saturday night in a shootout while trying to escape from the Texas state prison where he held 13 hostages for IO days. One accomplice and two hostages also died.
Texas department of corrections chief W. J. Estelle said inmate Rudolpho Dominguez, who assisted Carrasco during the ordeal, had been killed along with hostages Julia Standby, 43, a Huntsville librarian, and Elizabeth Beseda. 47. a Huntsville teacher.
Estelle said three other hostages were wounded during the gunbattle which took place as Carrasco left his prison library fortress behind a human shield.
Those wounded were inmate hostage Martin Quiroz, 27, of Houston, the Rev. Joseph O Brien, a Catholic chaplain, and inmate hostage Florence Vera, 29. of Bexar county.
Estelle said Mrs. StandJey and Mrs. Beseda were acting as human shields and “every hostage was handcuffed to the in-jmate gunmen.”
Estelle said convict Ignacio Cuevas shot the Rev. O’Brien. Cuevas, uninjured, was placed in solitary confinement immediately,
“At no time was any thought
Favor Committee Action
Oppose ........... t
Not sure .............
Support for the committee’s recommendation to impeach closely paralleled the public's view that now the entire house of representatives should vote to impeach the President and ha\e him put on trial by the U. S. senate.
People were asked. “The house of representatives can only vote to impeach the President — that is, have him put on trial. Then the U. S. senate would hold a trial, and either acquit or convict him. All in all, from what you know or have read, do you think the house of representatives should vote to
(Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.)
lion Act, and we have adminis-|gf ^tailer requests for in-*new contract for 725,000 ..., . ,
tered the program to effect that I creases in their petroleum allot- ployes. Bell Telephone officials g . 8 (-on?iHprpH
ments warned Saturday that a threat- any P^son can be considered
? . tened nationwide strike at mid_j anything but dead.
In some energy administra- . . sunday would effort the “This ** one of the n^ane** “On the basis of FEA’s mini- passed by congress last year, tion offices there was a Jsum“naaD'J™T Todays that anyone ever spent in
mal past efforts at monitoring suppliers are required to pro- „ .. ..., „ . j, , I! * Dublic service” the director
i suppliers' actions and en the vide retakers with fuel acc!- "nth UWM-, dial. the operator or wants
basis of recent discussions with ing to a formula based on the were(* requests, while in other Phone installed. pure terror for the families.”
FEA officials, we doubt that, amount received during 1972. cases duplicate increases had o formal bargaining sessions FEA is prepared to do the nee- „ been granted to retailers, the|'[,er5 scheduled bellore the shrike Shield
ess ary monitoring,” the GAO Guards Indepcnden s ; GAO reported. | deadline at 12.01 am. ‘ PT I
said in a report released Satur- Among other things, the bill Sawhil! said government allo- ,‘hmunho.ifUt SS TI!! day by Sen. Ribicoff (D-Conn.). [was designed to protect in-jcation measures “protected.^ Lmoanv and over 37
ine^ i petroleum retailers thousands of independent re-junionS| ,ed by the communisf.erados 35 they walked from
pan nniv ev’nent inonniiiec’in the who were cut off from theiri a‘lcrs a^r0i>s the nation during]cations Workers of America,' S,PnsonlL D. _ can only expet I inequities in the I the months of the Arab embargo alm rin Texas Ranger Peter Rogers
allocation systems.” usuaI sources of supply as the and FEA continues to do so. a union sookesman slid the led the assauIt tea n which met
Sawmill Responds tverT^mest^Thori ‘To Clte * "es of informal meetings were expect- ^
FEA Administrator inhn Saw ase* duplication or backlogs in the cd to recess Saturday night and “ th0y desccnded a ram*
FEIA Administrator John Saw (ages. i allocation nroi?ram which we nmhnhiv rocnmo SnnHnv unUo* I Estelle said.
Authorities used high pressure
Estelle said a blackboard with oks taped to the outside rved as a shield for the des-
Hiu lespunueu. inc reuerai nuwevn, me uw juuuu mal are eliminating, is to obscure there was a hardening of posi-lf.
Energy Administration has been a consultant’s study prepared the fact that the pr0gram was lions Neither side anticipated flre«*es mounted on the west and will continue to monitor ef-1for the energy administration who,jy successful in protecting round-the-clock bargaining prior;Jva11 to drive the hostages away fectively the nation's major fuel;indicated that the independents the independent sector throughlto the strike deadline. llrom the,r caDtors io knock
.suppliers as part of its manda- are continuing to lose ground to a severe shortage period which “We’re still talking and we’re tory allocation program. j the major oil companies. [otherwise might have rendered; still hopeful,” said Bell spokes-
| “We are aware of our respon-j The GAO, the investigative its destruction,” he said. man Charles Dynes.
from their captors and to knock jdown the shield.
Estelle said prison officials
(Continued: Page 3, Col. 2.)
Secret Watergate Staff Report
Breakin Aimed at Hiding Howard Hughes Gift
Tori if?/'* Chuckie
In church for the first time, the little boy watched wideeyed as the choir, all in white surplices, filed in. With wonder in his voice, he whispered hoarsely: “Are all those people going to get haircuts?”
I UPV right
By John Crewdson
New York Times Service
WASHINGTON - A still-secret report of the senate Watergate committee staff sets forth a theory that the Watergate breakin and the intelligence-gathering plot that inspired it were the end result of a Wh i t e House effort to suppress public knowledge of a $100,000 payment from Howard Hughes to Charles “Bebe” R e b o z o, President Nixon’s principal business as sociate.
The 42-page document, the only part of the committee’s final report not yet released, is based on an analysis by senate staff lawyers of millions ol words of published and unpublished evidence gathered during the panel’s recently
concluded 18-month investigation.
Watergate investigators have never developed a credible motive for the creation of the Nixon campaign’s "Gemstone” bugging and burglary unit.
Various theories have been advanced for the Watergate breakin, Including the blackmail of Democratic party officials, which was suggested bv the prosecutors at the first Watergate trial.
Others, including White House officials, have attempted to tie the burglary to the Central Intelligence Agency backgrounds of the participants, who themselves have said they were told to look for evidence of financial contributions to Democratic can
didates from Communist governments.
Investigators now consider all of these possibilities to be equally improbable. But the evidence assembled in the report, which was made available to the New York Times, presents a strong circumstantial ease that the still-elusive motive for the bungled Watergate burglary involved high-level White House fears that disclosure of the Hughos-Re-bo/o transaction would damage the* President’s chances tor re-election in 1972.
When captured, the Watergate burglars carried copying cameras as well as bugging equipment They presumably intended to photograph, as they had during an earlier
entry into the Watergate, documents in the files of Lawrence O’Brien, the chairman of the Democratic national committee.
Before assuming that post, the report pointedly notes, O’Brien had worked for 16 months as a highly paid public relations adviser to the Hughes organization. The implication is that O’Brien was perhaps thought to possess documents relating to the $100,000 payment, which was made while he worked for Hughes.
The evidence that was published previously by the committee. included sworn allegations that Rebozo had privately conceded giving or lending part of the $100,000 he received from a Hughes
employe to Donald and Edward Nixon, the President’s brothers, Rose Mary Woods, his White House secretary, and others.
The committee’s public evi-dence also raised the possibility that part of the cash was deposited in trust accounts at the Key Biscayne, Flu., bank and trust company, which Rebozo heads, and elsewhere, and that it was used to finance more than $30,-000 in improvements to the President’s Florida home.
As the evidence assembled in the unreleased report points out. the first pub’ij mention ot the $100,000 payment from the Hughes organization to Rebozo was made by Jack Anderson, the syndicated columnist, in August of
1971. about a year after the last of two $50,000 installments had been placed in Rebozo's hands.
That article, according to tin' report, gave rise to the initial concern that some of the less easily explained details of the murky Hughes-Rebozo transaction might surface to create political difficult it's for the President the following year.
Less than two months later, Herman Greenspun, the publisher of the Las Vegas Sun. approached a White House official in Portland, Ore., to ask if the reported “campaign contribution” from Hughes had been used to help finance
(Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.)
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