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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 26, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 5 The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sat., Ort. 26, 1974 Marion News Editorial Writers Ponder Their Ivory Tower Image MARMADUKE By Andersen A Learning Ritas Are Monday For Farrel Harper Farrel R Harper, 62, of 2681 Fifth avenue, a resident of Marion since 1965, died Saturday in a Cedar Rapids hospital. Born April 6, 1912, at Gainesville, Mo., he was married to Feta Miller Sleepy at Cedar Rapids Auk 6, 1965 Mr. Harper lived in Cedar Rapids for five years until moving to Marion in 1965. He was a chef at the Sirloin and Brew and was a member of Delta Lodge No. 53, Knights of Pythias Surviving in addition to his wife are a son, Raymond Harper, El Paso, Texas, a step-son. Richard Heineman, Clarksville. Iud : two stepdaughters, Mrs Nelson Hebert. Marion, and Mrs Thomas Prescott, Cedar Rapids, ten grandchildren, a brother and three sisters Services: Monday at 2 at the Murdoch chapel in Marion by the Re\ Glenn VV Mi Michael Burial Cedar Memorial. Friends may call at the chapel after 2 p m Sunday. Sell House- Mr. and Mrs Robert G. Hawks have sold their property at 265(1 Twenty-sixth avenue to Mr and Mrs Phillip R. Kinney of Des Moines The Hawks an* moving to 1401 Douglas court Possession w ill be given Nos I Sale was made by Ray Kohl, Inc . Realtors, in cooperation with Kensinger Realtors The Kohl firm, in cooperation with Fred -I Gibson Realtors, sold the house at 1240 B avenue, owned by Mr and Mrs, Bryan Dietman. to Mr and Mrs Casey VV Orr, formerly of 2905 Fourteenth avenue The Dietitians ha\e moved to 330 Fourteenth street. Possession was given Oft 15 it it it Mr. Bill s, full or part time help wanted. Delivery drivers and pizza makers. Apply in person.—Adv. * ★ * After Nov 1st see us at a new location, Dunn's Industrial Park I mile east of Marion. Warner Bros Siding, Roofing and Insulation Co. 377-5573 —Adv Asks Polygraph Ban In Business Screenings WASHINGTON (CPI) - A I rn versify of Minnesota psychologist says the use of lie detectors by businesses to screen job applicants should be banned because many who fail the test are going to be innocent, ‘ Although no one can send a man to prison for flunking a lie detector test, there are no Constitutional guarantees which prevent him from being deprived of a job for the same reason '' said Prof. David Lykken. Lykken said in an article in the October issue of American Psychologist, a journal of the American Psychological Assn , that psychologists have a professional responsibility to oppose the use of polygraphs for employe screening The use of lie detectors in police interrogations is a different matter. Lykken said, because the results cannot be used as evidence in court “Judicious use of the polygraph in the criminal investigation context not only can improve the efficiency of police work but could also serve as a bulwark til protect the innocent from false prosecution,” he said But the use of lie detectors in police work is dwarfed by their use in businesses faced with estimated losses of up to $6 billion a year caused by employe theft. Lykken said “The great impetus behind the growing use of the lie do. tector with employes is the enormous annual losses attributed to employe theft, so there is an understandable attraction in a relatively quick and cheap procedure which claims to be able to weed out potential thieves, drug addicts and the like before they are hired, or to identify light-fingered employes in the annual screening.” he said. “Since the main point of tiding the lie detector in this application is to save money, to save both the losses that would occur with no screening or the considerable costs of conventional private detective work or individual background investigations, one can see that these savings will be realized only if the lie detector is permitted to make the final decisions. If the examinee fails the lie test then he is not hired." Lykken contends that with current lie detector machines used in mass screenings, the majority of those who take the test are going to be innocent “It is most unlikely that we shall ever have an objective lie detector procedure that can routinely claim as high as 90 percent validity,” he said Lie detectors are designed to detect changes in emotional arousal as measured in electrical properties of the skin, the heart rate and breathing Some of the newest machines also detect subtle signs of stress in the voice. Lykken said a truthful, innocent person who happens to be emotionally volatile can show a stronger response on the machine than a guilty psychopath who is emotionally dull and doesn’t care whether he fails the test or not. Twelve states now have laws banning the use of lie detectors by businesses in most employment situations and there is a bill before congress that would prohibit such use by all firms engaged in interstate commerce. By Robert Weston LOUISVILLE, Ky. (UPI) - What do editorial writers think of themselves? Are they out of touch with the public and off in that “ivory tower seclusion'’ you hear so much about? UPI asked them about it during the national conference of editorial writers. It was attended by more than 200 members from the nation’s leading newspapers Nearly all of the editorialists questioned conceded they had some troubles staying in close touch with events “I don’t think there’s any question but that a lot of editorial writers are out of touch, said Herbert Robinson, chief editorial writer of tie Seattle Times Publisher’s Biases “We’re in the office too much I remember a definition of an editorial writer I once heard as a guy. who through courage and forthrightness, reflects the biases and prejudices of his publisher “Too many publishers are out of the mainstream and preoccupied with business management matters The thing we’ve got to do in this job is make it a two-way communication thing by gi\ mg publishers a better understanding of what the issues are If we’re going to do that, we can't stay in the ivory tower, Uh) ” “I think there is some validity to the ivory tower image in many cases," said Albert Southwick, chief editorial writer of the Worcester, Mass., Telegram and Evening Gazette. “But I think that where it is valid, editorial writers had better change their habits or they’re going to become obsolete ” “Schoolmarm” David Bowes, a columnist and member of the editorial board of the Cincinnati Post and Times-Star, likens some editorialists to “the schoolmarm of Western frontier days ' “She was the person who could bring culture and some kind of cool, rational eye to the study of community problems and issues, ” he said. “A lot of editorial writers endeavor to do this, but they no longer have any corner on wisdom in such matters. The editorial writers ought to work a beat the same way other newspaper staffers do Within that beat ought to Im* the Ilest minds of the community. The editorial writer should be tapping the best community intellectual resources on any given topic." Reese Cleghorn, editor of the editorial pages of the Charlotte, N I ., Observer, said there is less danger of modern-day editorial writers being in an ivory tower than in “tieing in a factory " “By that Far Removed mean that most editorial-page people I know are concerned about how much of their time has to go into things far removed from writing a good editorial or a good headline for an editorial or a good column. “They're involved in all sorts of things having to do with production, management, and the process of dealing with the public That s about as far removed from an ivory tower as you can get.” Elisabeth Van Nostrand, editor of the editorial pages of the Vancouver, Wash , Columbian. said she sometimes yearns to be off in an ivory tower “where I would have more time to think things out." She said the truly gifted editorial writers have a conceit about their talent. “Had Conviction” “If you look at the ones w ho have been great in this profession,’’ she said. “they have had a conviction that they knew better than anyone else what they were writing about.” Southwick said, "I don’t think editorial writers should write over the heads of their readers, but I don’t think they should bring it down to the level of those who always turn to the comic pages first. “Editorial writers should aim for the more thoughtful segment of a paper’s readership — say 30 percent That’s a pretty broad segment ” Cleghorn said surveys have indicated that editorials are read more widely “than most people think.” “I suspect the fact that editorials have gotten shorter in the past few years is one reason they ’re getting more readership,* he said Never Disagreed None of the editorialists questioned said they had ever written an editorial they disagreed with on orders from a higher-up “I think it’s a fairly common practice in this business to get someone else to write an editorial if the person to which it was originally assigned begs off.” Cleghorn said “My conscience has been bent slightly by some editorials I ve written, but not to a traumatic degree," Mrs Yan Nostrand said. All of those asktsl said they were opposed to signing editorials. “Most editorials are the product of an amalgamation of views of the editorial board and it would Im* misleading to represent them as the opinion of the writer alone," Mrs. Van Nostrand said “I think every paper should list the names of its editorial writers some place on its masthead.” The i*ditonalists' pride in their profession probably was best summed up by Robinson, who said, “What we have to offer on editorial pages is the future and salvation of the news. palier industry — interpretation of the news "The dogfood company threw out Marmaduke's TV commercial. He ate both brands!" British Probe Airport Ghost MINIKIN (Ul’l) - Tlic Brl-tish Airports Authority said it has ordered an investigation into reports that a ghost has started to haunt London’s Heathens International airport The move came after cleaners at Heathrow refused to work alone in one passenger terminal area because one claimed a ghost grabbed him by the throat and arms and held him down The incident occurred in the passageway used by passengers leaving and arriving aboard Boeing 747 jumbo jet airliners. An airport spokesman said an inquiry was taking place, but that it was being done discreetly. “We don t want a work stoppage because of a ghost,” he said Businessmen See Productivity Increase as Cure for Inflation Hospital’s Poison Garden Shows Dangers of Common Home Plants FONTANA, Calif (UFI) - A “sinister garden’’ ha-* been planted in front of the Kaiser-Permanente medical center filled with 17 common flower and vegetable plants that have one thing in common They are all poisonous and some are deadly “Many common ornamental house and garden plants contain enough poison that, if accidentally eaten, could kill an entire family,” says Dr Guy Hartman, a pediatrician at the center. “This doesn t mean that gardens containing such plants as azaleas oleanders or wisteria should Im’ uprooted lait rather that parents and Probe of Nuclear Weapons Attracts Scary Testimony By Daniel F. Gilmore WASHINGTON (UPI) -Some pretty hairy and scary testimony has been trickling out of various congressional hearings recently on the storage. carriage arid deployment of about 8,000 American nuclear weapons in many parts of the world As Rep Long (I)-Md ) put it on the security and storage part "A dedicated group of terrorists, possessed with the means to deploy significant firepower, would jtose a serious threat indeed if that group attacked certain nuclear weapons sites ll the group succeeded in penetrating a nuclear weapons area It would cause much destruction even ii unable to effectively steal a nut lear weapon The thought is horrifying Near Disaster Retired Rear Adm Gene La Rio que has gone further by reporting nuclear near-disasters bt* witnessed at sea and startling Japan by stating the I S, airt raft carriers and other warships calling at Japanese ports can Im* assumed to have nuclear weapons aboard That was said despite the extreme sensitivity of Japan o anything nuclear after Hiroshima and Nagasaki and contrary to “understandings" and policy that nuclear weapons would not enter Japanese ports La Rocque, who now heads an independent defense information center, told a joint congressional hearing last month that as far as he knows, all major American airt raft carriers, such as the Midway now berthed at Yokosuka. Japan, are “nuclear capable." "I want to be very careful because security permits me to say only that they are capable of carrying nuclear weapons," he said 'My experience, however, has been that any ship that is ( apahie of carrying nuclear weapons carries nuclear weapons Television Listings 9    KCItG TV, G*dof Rap»d»    6 ?-    WMT TV, Codor Rapids    8- 7— KW WI TV, Waterloo    10- 3-    KTVO, Ottumwa    12- 4—WHRT TV,Roct Woad    I    3- Saturday Night sac PCK Sh 6 tai fa 30 -WOC TV, Davenport - WUST, Lo Crom KROC TV, Rochester -KHN-TV, Iowa City WHO TV,Des Moines I I" I ) IO 30 Pol 8 OO Vi Mat 8:30 6:3# * OO sec vo. e jr .• ■’ M &'    V>0, Mo"y f AH' Vos Bot t-.e*t Rob *,<■**• But} Hr A ti 9 OO 9 30 10 (Hi children alike should learn to recognize and avoid the dangers in these and many other plants.” 300 ( asps Hartman says about .JOO cases were treated at Fontana last year in which persons had swallowed poisonous vegetation “Children who are four years (tf age are our most frequent patients,” he says “This is the age of curiosity for these youngsters who are learning about their world by touching, feeling and tasting lust about everything.” The plants in tin* "garden.” which are behind a steel fence, ar** labeled and keyed to an Exhibit sign explaining what they are. which parts are poisonous and what symptoms occur if the plants are eaten Among those displayed are oleander (all parts); poinsettia (juice of leaves, stem or flower — sap in the eye can cause blindness); calla (all parts), azalea (all parts); holly (lM*rries); rhubarb (leaf — univ stalk is edible); iris (leaves root, fleshy stalk) and daffodil narcissus and tonquil bulbs "Mwsl (•tuition ” ‘ Mushrooms are still the most common source of poisoning we see." Hartman says The poisonous mushroom j> vcry difficult to distinguish from the edible one and the novice should never assume that any wild mushroom is edible People have died after eating only one third ot a cap arid over ill percent of th ose affected usually die Steals Car To Face Judge 01.1)11 WI Kniiland (l l'!) -\ magistrate sentenced Junior Burton, “it to a month in jail for stealing a ear so lie could get to court in time to face car t heft charges He took the ear ta-cause he had no other means of getting to court defense attorney John Burton told the inagis trate Next to mushrooms, most cases of plant poisoning are caused by the castorbean AII parts of the plant, especially the beans. can produce serious poisoning and even death Some people have been fatally poisoned by using the straight branches of the oleander as a stick for skewering meat, such as hot dogs All parts of the potato, except the actual tuber part which we eat, are poisonous, including even the green spots on the potato and the little sprouts NKW YORK (AP—Products tty may be the key to solving many of America’s economic problems, say many businessmen surveyed nationwide by the Associated Press Their theory holds that the way to enjoy a rising standard of living is to make better goods and supply better services at lower costs. It means more inventions, new ideas, and harder work. “There is no way to enlarge the pie for labor, business anti society without an increase in the key factor: Productivity,” says Jackson Grayson, one of former President Nixon's economic advisers, in his book The Confessions of a Price Controller” Economists roughly compute national productivity by comparing prices with wages For example, if wages increased 5 percent a year, and prices 2 percent a year, then productivity can bt* likened to the 3 percent difference. Buying Power Put simply, increased productiv ity gives the workers' paycheck mort* buying power It also dampens inflation by providing a greater supply of goods Productivity ha^ been declining recently and price gains have been outstripping wage increases * The problem of productivity is one of the things that will stay with us until people realize it is at the root of the problems we face today." says Richard Marcus, president of Dallas N leman-Marcus department store and one questioned by AP reporters “We simply have not been ingenious enough in devising ways and the technology to keep the cost per unit down " “Anythin* which restricts production creates a smaller output for us to share," says Orville Mertz, chairman of a Milwaukee heavy manufacturer “So President Ford’s policies ought to be directed a One How" G CLEANERS    I Coupons Mutt Bo Predated With Incoming Orders valuable coupon Expires November I PLAIN SKIRTS TROUSERS & SWEATERS Trim & Pleats Extra NO LIMIT •och FULL SERVICE CLEANING HEADQUARTERS •' Shirt Service Af I an Ne'. ■ /«' U*' * ' ti t    *• ** Nt A.' A B1 St A. Action Nt at - if) O * t n. as Sen NBAs    «"■    •>* To Se a too cera 11 IHI 11:30 12 39 Suedes Formal Wear Evening Dresses Wedding Gowns Fur Cleaning V Draperies Blankets & Bedspreads Sleeping Bags V Alterations and Mending 2 LOCATIONS • It* 3rd St SE Moue J: Open 7 a rn 6 p rn Daily I Hour Service Daily Til 3 p.m. Marten 708 7th Ave. HOURS: Mon thru Fri 7 o rn to 8 p m Sat 8 a m to 6 p rn toward improving the flow of goods and services through improving our capacity to produce "Faster Consumption” "The government's policy has been to foster consumption Now we need to recognize that production must be increased ” Easing the cost of money and changing certain (ax laws to aid investment are seen as major ways to increase productivity by many businessmen At the same time ifs clear that as the economic crunch hits business, business must tighten its ship. avoid waste and look for more efficient ways to do things. That process, distasteful though it may be, also helps products tty. “There is a general recognition that tough times are ahead and everyone has to pitch in and help.” says William Foster, president of Malia. Inc., a Hawaiian garment manufacturer. “In business, all of us have to become more efficient and increase the productivity of our resources “Hither our profit margin is going to shrink or you have to find a way to offset it.' says Baltimore’s Donald Dick, treasurer of McCormick & ( o . about a dilemma faced by many businesses today Like others surveyed. Dick says his spice company has begun continuing reviews of production processes in an effort to streamline them and improve efficiency Cash Found in Beggar's Flat UDINE, Italy (UPI) - When Krmenegilda Urgano, 78, a beggar, was hospitalized, her neighbors found between $9,(HH) and $15,(KW in her apartment Police said the neighbors went into her place to bring her tome clothes and found bags of cash Saturday ABC SPECIAL MOVIE HANG Starring: CLINT EASTWOOD Ed Begley Inger Stevens 7:00 A drifter becomes a relentless lawman after being wrongly convicted! SANDS OF IWO JUMA Starring JOHN WAYNE 10*30 The Duke” in one of his best! Marine training pays off in one of WW ll s most famous battles. Watch ‘ NAKIA at 9:00 . and itay tuned for TV 9 EYEWITNESS NEWS at IO OO TV? ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette