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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - October 25, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa V. rn fatdnt IU gild*#ajf44* Editorial Page Friday, October 25, 1974 ^^^J^^i»i2ijJj^ijJjijij#J»J«J,J«J»J»J*J»J«;»J»X***X****,X****V»V*V«V»,*V»V»*«!»iVe»V.,» V* V-V»V-'»*« V-‘-*-V»*«V«V«V*V, ••••*• V«J«V» National referendum is out On the too few times they have made joint appearances, the major party candidates for Second district congressman usually are asked to spell out their views on abortion. State Sen. Michael Blouin. the Democratic candidate, says he opposes abortion as a matter of conscience. State Sen. Tom Riley, the Republican candidate, says he personally opposes abortion but believes it is a matter better left to personal choice; that he should not sit in judgment of what others should or should not do. Pressed further. Blouin favors a proposed amendment to the Constitution, now in committee, which would overturn the U.S. supreme court’s decision by outlawing abortions, except where the woman’s life is endangered. Blouin’s one condition is that the amendment would have to win approval of the people at a national referendum. Riley opposes the proposed amendment. Blouin’s condition is an interesting one for the reason that there is no provision in the U.S. Constitution for a national referendum to ratify, or reject, proposed amendments. When asked about this, Blouin explains that the referendum route was used to ratify the 18th (prohibition) and 19th (women’s suffrage) Amendments. But Library of Congress records show that these amendments were ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the states. This is one of the two methods provided in Article V of the Constitution for ratifying, or rejecting, proposals to amend it. That part of Article V reads: “The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the legislature of two thirds of the several vStates, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution. when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress ...” In other words, there is no way the referendum route could lie used to ratify an amendment short of amending the Constitution to provide for it. Further research indicates that congress almost always has chosen the ratification-by-legis-lature route in submitting amendments to the states. The latest instance when the convention route was used was in 1933 for the 21st Amendment to repeal the 18th (prohibition) Amendment The Iowa convention, composed of 99 delegates (one per county), met on July IO, 1933, with 90 of the delegates present and voted unanimously to repeal the prohibition amendment. But until the Constitution itself is amended to provide for a referendum route to ratification, that route is permissible neither for the abortion idea nor for any other proposed amendment. Horsehide have-nots hungry When the Oakland Athletics seized professional baseball’s world title two years ago, this corner hailed the achievement as a tonic for the national pastime. The A’s, after all, are the direct kin — twice removed — of the old Philadelphia A’s whose last feast (three straight Depression era pennants) was followed by four decades of famine. The Oakland club’s 1972 World Series victory refreshingly recalled recent rags-to-riches leaps by the Baltimore Orioles (nee St. Louis Browns), Minnesota Twins (old-time Washington Senators) and expansionist New York Mets. But enough is enough The Athletics’ third consecutive stranglehold on baseball honors. coupled with owner Charles Finley’s obnoxious-eccentric behavior, makes one hope for a new champion next season. The nominee here is the Texas Rangers, second place finisher behind Oakland in the American League’s western division. True, the most deserving successor — on the basis of longtime suffering — would be Chicago’s Cubs, whose last pennant coincided with this country’s wartime win over Japan. But the Rangers not only have the strength to de-dynastize Oakland, they have a sufficiently pathetic past to qualify them as sentimental favorites. For who are those rambunctious, hard-hitting Rangers but the recently transplanted Washington Senators? - yp-V. s , ‘I Food-parceling hinges on buy-power shiftBy Anthony Lewis On the current trends of population and food production, according to international experts, by 1985 the poor countries of the world would need 85 million tons of grain a year from outside. In a year of bad harvests the need could bt* KH) million tons, or even more. Like other statistics, that projection has an abstract ring to it. But it is literally a matter of life and death, and it presents a formidible challenge to human organization. "We couldn’t even move HK) million tons of grain today.’’ an American official remarks — "not across the world in any limited time. Remember how our ports and railroads were fouled up when the Russians bought 15 million tons from us." Before the problem of moving that much food, there are the questions of how to grow it and to pay for it At today’s prices. KH) million tons of cereals would cost something approaching $20 billion Haiti and Bangladesh and the 31 other food-short countries will not have the foreign exchange to pav for it Who will? That is the scale of the issues facing the World Food Conference in Rome starting Nov. 5. Public discussion of the food problem understandably tends to focus on immediate matters, such as the amount of American aid to hold off imminent mass starvation in South As.a But the conference is meant to take a longer view. and that means dealing with the most fundamental issues of population, resources and the wealth of nations # The Rome conference is to have 131) countries participating. No such meeting can be expected to come up with concrete solutions for the world’s food needs. Nevertheless, state department officials preparing for the conference seem modestly hopeful of agreed prog ress rn defining the problems. They sketch these points I Estimates of food shortages differ in detail, but there is now general agreement that the less developed countries face a very large and continuing deficit I The old concern about over-production and surpluses in the West is disappearing A symbolic indication of the change occurred the other day. After years of badgering the Common Market to keep its doors open for larger purchases of American grain, the United States successfully urged the market to buy less this year 3 There must be intensified international efforts to increase food production in the less developed countries, for example by scientific improvements in tropical agriculture. But for the foreseeable future there will be dependence on imports from a handful of surplus countries, primarily the United States. Canada. Australia. Argentina and the Common Market 4 In the past the United States has carried about 85 percent of the world’s grain reserves. Just about everyone agrees that that is no longer possible, either physically or politically. The reserve responsibility must be spread. The first necessity, according to the Americans preparing for the Rome con ference, is to agree on the volume of reserves needed. Then there is the question of who should contribute how much to the reserves and where they should bt* held — rn what would amount to an international system of national reserves. The American idea is that these con crete, difficult issues of reserves should b<* considered after Rome at a negotiating conference among the major grain exporting countries and the big consistent importers: India. Pakistan. Bang ladesh. Japan, the Soviet Union and China. All of the thought on reserve mechanisms, hard as it is. only touches the surface of the world food problem. Underneath there is the question of money — the need for the less developed countries to have enough of it so the United States and others can go all- out in food production for them, Aid can hardly make a dent in that need In the long run there must be real transfers of purchasing power, and that in turn raises the whole question of the oil producers and their responsibility as well as ours Hen York Timrs S#rvi< I* Some things grow Mr* 74 Government reports go anti-suburb ‘Sprawl’-stoppers’ target:one-family homeBy William Safire WASHINGTON — An agglomeration of federal bureaucrats, foundation officials, social planners and nobly motivated land-use freaks have taken advantage of the energy faddism and the depression in the homebuilding industry to launch an attack on the single-family house The Urban Land Institute, which prefers to see people clustered together in apartment houses, issued a report last week blasting "energy-inefficient patterns of sprawl." which is foundationer* for a development of single-fam-ily homes in the suburbs. Russell Peterson, chairman of the Council of Environmental Quality, is quoted in that report as saying: "We have long taken for granted that singlefamily houses were the standard pattern of development in the suburbs and that they were the cheapest and most efficient way for fiscally responsible suburban communities to grow Both of these assumptions have now been pretty much discarded " This week, as if by orchestration, another report — by a real estate consultant firm at a cost to taxpayers of $151).IKK) — was issued with great pride bv its sponsors, the Environmental Protection Agency, the department of HUD. and sure enough, Peterson s council. "The Costs of Sprawl" is the loaded title of this study, and its conclusion is that the single-family house is the most costly to build, most wasteful to operate tv im* of housing possible. Moreover, single-family homes (willUte the atmos phere and drain communities of services much more readily than do apartment houses. As if it were not enough to castigate the typical American house as a smoke-belching oil-waster, it is condemned elsewhere as an uneconomic anachronism. "When and if housing does revive," the current Time magazine intones. "inflation is likely to cause one basic change in its pattern: Concentration on the free-standing, single-family house may well be over." Concentration on news magazines may well be over a lot sooner, in my view, than concentration on single-family homes, and envirocrats will be rocking away their old age in high-rise cubicles while more Americans will be spending dollars for shelters or places to call their own with picket fences and backyards lf the sloganeers of the honiewreck-ing lobby force us to choose between the equally pejorative terms of sprawl and crowding, I'm for sprawl. Not out of a romantic hearkening back to the good old days, but because the future of well-planned communities of single-family dwellings affects the kind of economy we will have and the kind of nation we will be The dramatic rise in home ownership has done more for economic stability than any other single fact of the past generation The revolution that -.tarted rn Levittown, bmg Island, after World war II introduced equity into the estates of over .‘HI million families. Urban planners may sniff at the "dreariness” of the tract house, but it is a lot less dreary to the people who have raised families there and sold to new families at a considerable profit. In fact, home buyers of a decade ago are considerably better off then renters or stock-buyers. The single-family home is a conservatize force, as candidates in suburbia will attest. It responds to a human need of privacy or eastlehood that even planners acknowledge has psychic value. But in this day and age, we are told, the average man cannot afford such privacy; if inefficient use of energy doesn’t discourage him. the high cost’of building will. That need not bt* so The cost of construction labor is maintained at an artificially high level by the Davis-Bacon act. a sop to the most inflationary unions, and local building codes make it difficult to introduce modern techniques and materials. One day this interference with the free market will end. When our current recession finally puts a crimp in the rate of inflation, a potential homebuyer will have less interest to pay and will find banks demanding less of a down payment. A sin-gle-familv residential building recovery will take place early in the normal turn of the business cycle, as long as our well-intentioned urban planners do not succeed in changing public policy toward the individual home That policy is to encourage home buying We permit interest on mortgages to be deducted from income taxes We also have Federal Housing Administration insurance of mortgage loans, in the most successful New Deal experiment of all. which has made possible the build mmmrnm w People ’s forum InsightsPenalties inadequate To the Editor Now that the sensational trials are over. I wonder at the true consequences in punishing the innocent As the sister of Michael S Serves I will admit to having a biased view on the outcome of these trials You will recall the killing of Michael Serves and Maureen ( onnolly bv one George Junior Now Im. with the assistance of Atwell Junior Conner How sadly ironic it is when, after such a slaughter, the punishment is as-signed One can only wonder who is being punished. Is it two criminals, justly convicted and sent to prison9 Or is it me, or any taxpayer, knowing that my taxes are being spent with the assurance that these two men are being fed and clothed for the rest of their lives in a safer surrounding than in their own homes? Somehow, those of us who knew Mike and Maureen take little consolation in this punishment. .1^ Whoever would change men mutt change the condition of their lives. Theodor Heal Consecutive life sentences hardly ease my mind when I think of how twit such lieautiful children died Diane Servey krebs Route 4. Solon New blood To the Editor We are paying our congressmen over $40.(HH) a year, to which they just voted themselves a 5-percent raise That salary is five or six times more I natl the majority of the working population of the U S. receives. Yet some ut our congressmen are crying that thev will have to return to work after the No-fember elections What we need desperately an* congressmen who will put in a full years work each year for the people who fleeted them The executives of the companies here in Cedar Rapids and all across the country are putting rn a good many IO- and 12-hour days and quite a few Saturdays anil Sundays al! year It they didn't, they would soon in* looking for another job Especially if their company began -bowing a loss and the debt increased each year as it has been doing for many years in tins company called the United States You and I had a three day weekend to celebrate Lalxir day and the end of summer Our overworked congressmen look about two weeks even though we the people, are still faced with energy problems, inflation, food shortages and » national debt that staggers the imagist ion Right now our congressmen are tut stomping around the countryside campaigning for election or re-election of themselves or a party member They are working in their own interests instead of on the people s problems yet they are still drawing ,i salary paid by the people May bt* Watergate is now Itehind us. but there are many more wrongs throughout the United Slates that need to Im* righted It appears that our congressmen now in office either can’t do the job or don’t care, so it must Im* time to vote against their re-election Maybe some new blood in congress will have enough energy to solve a few of tin problems of the entire eomtry Norman F Peterson Route 3. MarionCommunism To the Editor In response to a letter Oct 22 supporting the I NR KF program W hat s th** matter with a rn wing, pro-Amer-ii an hate - the - communist • I Nit EF group? We do not base our position on a note from a couple of church groups which we know are infiltrated with "leftists," It is likclv that the bewilderment of the poor children who go about soliciting, and are lecture to about th** evils of communism and I MUFF. should Ie laid at the door of the local sponsors The so-called allegations concerning UNK EF’s tieing a communist front are not mere hearsay but are from (I) The Daily People's World, the official communist newspaper in the I S , aud (I) the Congressional Reeprd, which lists complete accounts of several debates between right and left wingers. one of which was won by the leftists iii this case with th** donation of $12 million of UNICEF money for aggression against anti communist Katanga — to bomb hospitals, schools and other brutalities to convert them to communism That was back in 1981 — but let s not forget it Katanga is now a communist state I arn permitted to quote from a letter from W (’leon Skousen, who is a staunch American but not a John Birch Society member. "The Communist party is manifestly frightened by the possibility of the people of the U S becoming awakened. Communist success has always been achieved in an atmosphere of secrecy. deceit and confusion The John Birth Society was therefore tine of the groups marked for annihilation because it was becoming highly successful in awakening the American people Only two other groups have generated this much hate and furv from communist leaders One is the FBI and the other the hetuse committee on un American activities " < larke F Mason Central Citv LETTERS The Gazette s editorial page welcomes reader* opinions, subject to these guidelines s length lima 400 word* One boer par writer every 30 thy* AM may be condensed and edited without changing ing of the suburbs while the FHA breaks even or shows a small profit. Hardly a claim other government agencies can make Apartment houses are fine. as are quadruplex condominiums, townhouse clusters and menage-a-trois mobile homes, if that is what the customer prefers But diversity and individuals are the hallmarks of democracy, and the affordable single-family house should continue to be encouraged as an available choice to the coming generation Hen York Tim** Service Way with wordsClusteredBy Theodore M. Bernstein One recent entrant into the language is groupie. William Yoe Icker of Philadelphia asks about its meaning and derivation, and both questions can be answered in a single sentence A groupie. when the word first came into use. was a teenage girl who was so enraptures! by a rock group or any kind of celebrity that she would follow her idols wherever they appeared Another perhaps more recent meaning of the word has to do with young people who live together either on vacations or for long spells. The similar word grouper applies to such people, particularly if they engage in group sexual activities, and likewise to members of therapy encounter groups • Now for a little fun. An anagram, as everybody knows, is a weird made by rearranging the letters of a given word — mod made from dom, for example P (’ Hoed of West Chester, Pa., thinks you may Im* amused — or at least kept awake tonight — by working on one set he sent in He started from the word ( RATE and got seven other words out of it Don’t look now, but his seven appear below • Word oddities A word that cropped up in the news quite often recently was gnosis, and J R Hughes of Norristown, Pa , is baffled by it. It derives from the new Greek henosn, which in turn derives from the Old Greek henoun, to unite*, and it means union Specifically it refers to a political movement to bring about the* political union of Greece and Cyprus In that movement lay the origin of all the rec ent doings More oddities. Talk that skirts around a subject or tends to be misleading or ambiguous is called weasel words What, one may ask. has a we asel got to do with it9 Apparently the connection is with the weasfl'i manner elf eating e*ggs — sucking out the contents and leaving the shell looking intact Pretty sly felletw, the* we ase l None published anonymously Writer * telephone number (not printed) thould follow name, addreti and readable handwritten signature to help authenticate Contenu deal more with num and evenH than per tonolifcet Ne poetry. Here* is a list of anagr recta (plural of rectum), ti fret a (a chalk), carte, ere* Indian herb) Yo»fc f ime* 'ivndtcefle ;

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