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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 25, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 'W (the (ttftluu i\ttpuU (fhtjf'Ht Editorial Page Thursday, July 25, 1974 Director-district rerun UNLESS a threatened lawsuit unexpectedly upsets the outlook, voters here will decide next September whether to stick with the judgment that 2,851 voters rendered for everyone else one year before:    School board members for the Cedar Rapids system should come from specified director districts rather than from anywhere at all in the district as a whole. The new vote and the cloud above it have shaped up in circumstances of confusion not especially conducive to clearminded voting. At the center of the problem is a claim by some 85 petition signers that the vote this year should be on their proposal for electing school board members from seven director districts with only each district’s residents voting on the candidates from each The question as set up by present school board members calls instead for one director from each of four equal-population subdistricts, and of three from the entire district, all to be chosen by the whole electorate of the district. Court entanglements are possible because of disagreement over which of two state-code chapters should cover the voting. Last fall’s 2,851-2,650 decision took place under chapter 278, which lets a small number of petitioners bring to the ballot only the general question of whether director dis tricts should be established. The form they take electively is not spelled out. Chapter 275, on the other hand, sets forth four methods for electing people from these districts, gives the voters their option, but indicates the only way petitioners can put one of these four methods on the ballot is by means of signatures from one-third of the eligible voters. That would be some 21,000 here — almost four times the last election’s whole turnout. An attorney general’s opinion last February and now one from the county attorney support the present school board’s approach for district-wide voting on all subdistricts’ candidates. Thus the odds appear to favor its remaining on the ballot for September. If the question in its narrowed form fails on the rerun, then, any new attempt apparently would have to* start entirely from scratch There has been no proof so far that director districts in ANY form are necessary here, will improve the at-large system long existing or can do much more than strengthen chances for divisiveness. A bigger turnout, reconsideration and a “no” majority would be the soundest pattern for a second-round result Public has had enough Dirty tactics repulsed By Louis Harris The Harris Survey IX THE AFTERMATH of Watergate. the American people would like to see the conduct of political campaigns cleaned up and the ground rules considerably changed. The public is sharply opposed to personal attacks on political opponents, but at the same time wants lull disclosure of all the financial backing of men running for public office. Recently, tin* Harris Survey asked a cross-section of the public, in a nationwide sample of 1.502 households: There has been much discussion in recent years about the kinds of things which are appropriate for a candidate to discuss about his opponent in a political campaign For each item I read off now tell me if you think it is an appropriate sublet for a candidate to raise about his opponent or not? (Read list) Not Propel' proper Ne Political affiliations and views 77 19 4 Voting record 73 23 4 Big financial supporters 69 27 4 Organizations belonged to when young 46 47 7 Drinking Habits 35 59 6 Income 32 62 6 Financial troubles 32 61 7 Race 24 73 3 Religion 22 76 2 Sexual habits 15 80 5 Marital troubles 14 81 5 Troubles his children are in 13 82 5 The public feels strongly that a ran didate's views on the issues and his political affiliations are fair game for proper discussion, debate, and even attack in a political campaign In the case of ati incumbent running for re-election, his voting record is especially felt to bt* a sub-lect for appropriate scrutiny As to financial backing the public now demands, by KH 27 percent, full disclosure of all big contributors The illegal contributions uncovered in the past two presidential campaigns have aroused a public furor about vested interests buying their way into power Not only is the public suspicious about illegal campaign gift", but wants to know just who might have influence on a public official once elected * Several issues, which became the focal point of recent campaign*, and were also revealed in the Watergate hearings as popular targets of politicians, are now viewed as definitely off limits • The family life of a candidate is not felt to be proper grist for the political null This includes the troubles a candidate's children might have had with drugs, arrests or comparable difficulties Tied closely to parental problems are those connected with marital questions such as divorces, separations, and other domestic troubles By a massive km J percent people say that such marital problems should be removed from Unpolitical dialogue • The alleged sex and drinking troubles of a candidate also are not believed to bi- proper matters for discussion in political campaigns. A lopsided KO 15 percent say it is “not appropriate for .in opponent to inject the sex life of an adversary into a political contest. A smaller 50-35 percent feel the same way about raising the questions of a candidate s drinking habits • By 7H-22 p< recut, the public says that it feels that a candidate's religion is not a proper subject for politics And by 73-24 percent, three in every lour people also believe it is not acceptable to make an opponent’s color a campaign issue In the world of practical polities, et course, a candidate’s race or religion still looms large in the minds et semipolitical leaders when they come to select candidates. It is still widely believed by some politicians for example, that there is a “Catholic vote” attracted to Carbolic candidates in big metropolitan t enters of the North, and a powerful anti-black vote \h many sectors of the country As far as the voters are concerned, they say they would prefer that such considerations bo eliminated when choosing public officials • Bv <52-32 percent, a clear majority feels that a candidate’s personal income is riot a relevant subject for discussion in a campaign In recent years, it has become a growing practice,for candidates to release to the public a full accounting of their jw-rsonal wealth and income \pparently tin- public has not been overly impressed with the value of such disclosures What does arouse the public are any ties between a candidate and special interests that might influence him after he is elected Some old hands at politics will look at these results qnd claim that, although the public wants to express for the record the < highest motives in how it assesses candidates, when it comes down to it. voters will indeed be vitally affected by a divorce, rumors about a candidate s drinking or sex problems, or any financial difficulties lid may have encountered. Certainly there have- been examples where a candidate has been adversely affected by disc Insures iii these areas But with the Watergate disclosures about the* conduct of political campaigns, people seem to be saying that they arc-fed up with dirty polities, where efforts arc- made- to smear an opponent People want more than anything else- to be able to judge public* men on fheir merits albeit thev are more suspicious than e ver about the obligations men running for office assume- in order to finance- their campaigns t not lur I int' Talking tough to Greece: Ifs about time By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak 117 NSIUX!, ION - Full si ale war VV between Turkey and (ireece was averted and tin- seven-year-old military dictatorship iii Athens toppled when Washington belatedly abandoned per illusiveness and laid down the law to the Greek junta There is little doubt Greece would have n-sponded to Turkey's uiv asian of Cy pi us with its own invasion of Turkey were ii not for Undersecretary of State* Joseph Sisco s backstage pressure iii Athens Iii most undiplomatic language, Sisco told the- Greek generals that the- I S. would abandon tlie-m to inevitable destruction if they attacked Turkey . Jolted by this unexpected threat, the military dic ta torship backed down and thereby guaranteed its own fall on Tuesday. But the-re- is no room for American self congratulation here- The* generals held tyrannical power so long because of Washington’s coddling The- Cyprus crisis which has shaken the NATO alliance- should have been averted by the I S What's more, this menacing question remains W ill bitterness by ordinary Greeks toward Washington for wet-nursing the- dictatorship eventually propel their nation out of the- western alliance? I S follies toward Athens date bac k to the Johnson administration, which embraced the1 Greek military coup of \pril 1%7 I’. S. diplomats in Athens feltI anights I am for anything in this world that keeps the problem of finding a substitute for war in people s minds. Ida Tarbell the obscure colonels masterminding the coup would have- collapsed at a single word from Washington, but that word never came This policy was perpetuated bv the Nixon administration, froo/ing tv canny iii Greece. Despite a growing coolness toward \thens recently, the I lilted States has rigidly refused lo pressure the* military dictatorship The current junta, dominated by Brig Gen Dimitrios loan-Hides, seemed puzzled that Washington demanded so little for friendship and military aid Noting \merican permissiveness coinciding with inc reased opposition from tho Greek people, Ioann ides decided on the ancient expedient of faltering regimes: a foreign adventure, \thens’ plot to takeover Cyprus should have been foreseen and prevented by Washington Instead, as the* pinta expected, there was no U. S interference. More-over, working-level state department offic ials who wanted to condemn \thc-ris for the Cyprus plot after it occurred were overruled by Sec retary of State Henry Kissinger, heeding Pentagon fears of losing Greece as N ATO’s anchor Had Kissinger instead aligned himself with the British against the- coup, congressional critics believe, the- Turks might have been dissuaded from invading Cyprus — a contention bitterly dis-putc-d by administration policymakers. By the- time Sisco left Washington at ll I* rn July 17 for his try at shuttle diplomacy, the administration was resigned to a Greek-Turkish war which would shatter the West’s strategic |m»si-tion against Moscow and threaten the NATO alliance*. Thankfully, at that belated hour. Sisco talked tough to the Greeks. When Sisco arrived in Athens Friday morning, July BL the generals informed him they would respond to Turkish invasion of Cyprus by invading Turkey. Sisco’s hardboiled reply: Except for the I S.. you have no friends in NATO — or the world You can expect nothing from the communist world. In the- third world, you are pariahs And if you attack Turkey, you will lose the C S and be tidally isolated Flying to Ankara that night. Sisco told the- Turks that the fluted States would EVANS NOVAK work with Turkey and Great Britain to undo3! beek meddling in Cyprus But the Turks seemed determined to teach \thc-ns a lesson M 5 45 a iii Saturday Sisco was informed of the Turkish invasion of Cy prus to begin 15 minutes later He left Ankara for Athens at ti IO am. In Athens, the Greeks reiterated their intention to counterattack against Turkey. Again. Sisco recited his tough line- Stunned that Washington finally meant business, the- generals bac keel down When Sisco left for Washington last Monday night after negotiating the People s forumFamiliar territory? To the- Editor: Last Wednesday's Gazette (July 17) quotes I S. senate candidate David Stanley as urging that congress adopt spending ceilings at the outset of eac h session. His re-marks came- one- full week after the- President actually signed into law the* budget control act of 1M74 which mandates the- setting of budget ceilings at both the* beginning and end of each session. .Stanley has said he was willing to imitate* anyone-, but he should at least give credit where it is due. His opponent John Culver was credited last year by the house fluor manager of this important reform, for having made “constructive shaky cease Un-, it was < lear the loan-nides regime could not shi v iv e Luckily. it w as repine cd not by na 11 ct ti ;i 11 s t ii young colonels vowing a redemptive war against turkey bul bv a civilian government headed by old ccm sen.dive Constantine Karamanlis. But the I tilled States has not escaped the consequences of its lollies I Iii- harvest from anti American seed sown iii Greece sinc e- IUK7 bv Washington's pro junta policies has yet to be- revealed We- reported from \thens in June IMH!) that the C. S. embrace- of Hie junta — because "t military requirements iii the eastern Mediterranean — posed immense- clanger lo long-range stability iii the- region That prediction was fullv realized by the Cyprus crisis Whether Sisco s belated badgering of the Greeks can forestall the- prediction's lull consequences will require undeserved but eagerly welcomed good fortune PublisherHall Syndicate c ontributions to development of the legislation. Here as elsewhere, if seems that Stanlev proposes to do what John ( diver has already done. William ll Quinby JIM 13 Alleghany drive NERightdoing To the Editor. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors    That doesn’t seem to be- a bad rule to be governed by. but they arc- meaningless words to those bent on persecuting and prosecuting the President of the United States Such persons, hordes of whom choose to judge President Nixon individually, are unmindful of the glass houses they may lie* living in They look only upon what they consider as President Nixon’s wrongdoing, while ignoring his rightdoing which, it appears to many, far outweighs his wrongdoing. Milton Smith OelweinShould U. S. sell nuclear know-how to Egypt, Israel? More Mideast thunder? By Congressional Quarterly WASHINGTON — President Nixon touched off a major controversy when he announced during his June trip to the* Middle East that the United States had agreed tee soil nuclear reac tors and fuel to Egypt and Israel, primarily for generating electricity. Congress now is considering changes in the procedures for approving suc h agreements to assure it has a voice, and it will be- sc rutinizing the proposed nuclear agreements in the weeks ahead Supporters of the* sales argue that, unlike other countries willing to sell the technology, the* United Statc-s will insist upon enough safeguards to eliminate safety problems and that the sales will help cement friendly U S. relations with both Israel and Egypt Opponents contend that the diversion of nuclear fuel from peaceful uses to weapons production is inevitable, that there is too great a chance of takeover by terrorists, and that the Middle East is too volatile politically for the infusion of nuclear technology. Much concern over Middle East nuclear capabilities stems from India's explosion of a nuclear warhead in May. That test, representing an apparent policy change rather than a scientific breakthrough, has no visible benevolent purpose. Israeli and Egy ptian plans, meanwhile, center on improvement of energy and irrigation facilities Should the United States sell nuclear technology to Egypt and Israel .’ Here are the key arguments on both sides of the question: I'he Gazette's opinion 7 2 He ll be hard to beat He has absolutely no legal or po hticol experience. IT WILL be at least IKM) before the nuclear reactors arc built and until then they will be- an incentive to focus en peaceful, economic issues, says Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. lf the- United Statc-s does not back up its declarations of friendship with deeds, adds Sen Robert Taft, jr (R-Ohio). “the* Arabs will have* no choice but to turn away from us once again ” probably to the- Soviet Union Other nations also could turn for nuc lear equipment to countries much less likely to insist upon the* stru t provisions for safety and against using any of the* nuc lear fuel for bombs, supporters warn They cite the case* of India’s nuclear explosion in June as a result of insufficient safeguards in its purchase agreement with Canada The United Statc-s also planned to require constraints in its negotiations with Egypt and Israel to assure th.it there would Im- “virtually no possibility of seizure- or diversion by terrorist or dissident groups, said A S Friedman, director of the Atomic Energy Commission s division of international programs llerlM-rt Scoville, jr a former official of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agenc y , said the joint offer makes it possible ti* overcome the previous reluctance of hoth countries to sign the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and that the proposed sales arc- an opportunity to prevent the* spread of nuclear weapons that should not bo missed Congressional QuarterlyAn enlightened nudge THOI OH the United States’ reactors-for-peace plan for the Middle F'.ast was speiled out succinctly at the outset, many Americans have responded a la Colonel Blimp. Some think nuclear reactors will be given away free; others believe the Israelis and Egyptians soon will be manufacturing superbombs by the dozens. If reactionary worries grow any sillier, critics will be insisting that the sizzling desert heat over there threatens to detonate fissionable materials. The fact is that neither Middle East adversary is a neophyte in nuclear technology. As New York Times globetrotter (’. L. Sulzberger noted July 2, Israel already has sent 256 of its technicians to do research under the Atomic Energy Commission; Egypt IOT Israel needs more efficient power sources for desalting water; Egypt hopes to develop a link between its Qat-tara Depression and the Mediterranean sea for both energy and irrigation purposes. This is not to say the Israelis and Egyptians pose no nuclear military threats. Thanks to a research reactor supplied by France, Israel already has produced enough plutonium to make a small arsenal of nut lear weapons. Egypt reportedly possesses a somewhat smaller reactor, courtesy of the Russians (liven their exposure to the negative aspects of nuclear research, those quarrelsome neighbors need a boost toward the enlightened other side. Manifestly, that s what the President's proposal promises Importantly, th<‘ power reactors Washington proposes to deliver are considered impossible to divert to plutonium production Wisconsin's Senator Proxmire insists that this country work instead to improve tile standard of living in I he Middle East But how better .to enhance the duality of life than to increase manufacturing and agricultural capabilities through more efficient power sources? WITH TWO wars in the last eight years, the politn-al situation in the Middle East is too volatile to risk the spread of nuclear reactors, say opponents of the proposed sales Even though relations are improved now, there is no guarantee they will stay that way. Increased nuclear capability could lead to atomic warfare later “The fact is that almost any reactor can produce plutonium for a bomb,” says Rep Henry S Reuss (I) VV is ), Plutonium is a by-product of the nuclear process and is essential to explosive devices Reuss says extracting and storing it for bombs is within the capability of Egypt and Israel “As India has shown, these (capabilities) are riot beyond the means of a poor country,” said Reuss Another widespread fear is that nm lear power plants and fuel would be an obvious mark for theft, sabotage or blackmail by radical groups The reac-tors would Im* “new targets for terrorism lh.it would overshadow anything we have experienced in the past,” warns Sen Lloyd Benison (D-Texas). Insuring the physical safety is difficult even in the I nited States, others claim, and would be nearly impossible in the less technically advanced countries I hose nuclear endeavors may seriously endanger the health and lives of those people, says Sen W illiam Pron-mire (I) Wis ) Ile and others contend the I rilled States should Im- working instead to improve the standard of living iii the Middle East Congressional Quarterly ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette