Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Chance of rain tonight and Thursday.
Ia»w tonight, near 70.
Highs Thursday, mid to
VOL! .VIK 02 NI MBK!* IOO
CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA. WEDNESDAY, .JUBY 24, 1074
ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES
Police Writ Denied by High Court
By Harrison Weber
DES MOINES (IDPA) - A three-member panel of the Iowa supreme court Wednesday de-! dined to intervene in criminal! cases against six Cedar Rapids! law enforcement officers.
In denying a request for a writ of certiorari, the panel noted that the defendants had not exhausted all of their rights locally.
The six contend the Linn county grand jury that returned indictments against them was illegally constituted because it was continued from January into July.
In sending the matter back to the district court, Chief Justice C. Edwin Moore noted from the bench that the defendants specifically had not asked the district court to set aside the indictments on the grounds that the grand jury was improperly impaneled.
Robert C. Nelson, an attorney representing the defendants, replied that the six were I trying to expedite proceedings and save the taxpayers money! by bringing the matter directly, to the attention of the supreme court.
Judge Moore said the panel,! which besides himself included Justices David Harris and Ward! Reynoldson, felt the application for a writ of certiorari was “premature.”
Likened to Cinderella
The lower court had set 5 p.m. Wednesday as the time for entering all pleas in the case.
Justice Moore continued stay proceedings for an additional ten days to permit the defend-
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Tribunal Rules Against President by 8-0 Vote
gazette Leased Wires Burger said public interest re-
WASHINGTON — The su- quires that presidential con-preme court ruled 8 to Oifidentiality be afforded the iWednesday that President greatest protection consistent Nixon must surrender White with the administration of jus-House tapes and papers wanted !tice. in connection with the ; gate cover-up trial.
Chief Justice Burger, a Nixon I appointee, delivered the opinion ! of the court.
mination in the courts, despite
Nixon’s assertion that it was not
on grounds it was a dispute
within the executive branch.
It is theoretically possible
Water-' Therefore, he said, Sirica has|^or the attorney general to
a heavy responsibility to insure I amend or revoke the regulation
that material irrelevant to the defining the special prosecutor's criminal prosecution be accord-L1I#linflUlf,, Di. „ r . A ed the high degree of respect h . ur8er wrote. But
I “We conclude that when the.due a President and that such thjs rCgulatiorTremains iiTforcc
ground for asserting privilege material he returned under seal1, ho ° .. mains in force
las to subpoenaed materials to the White House. -h^executive branch is bound
sought for use in a criminal; Affirms Jurisdiction
trial is based only on the gener-i ,. .
■ aiized interest in confidentiality, ThLe. ch,lc k dl,sP°sedl
it cannot prevail over the fun- qulckly, ,®f Pres'dent s, a‘-
: damentai demands of due! euI"ent ‘hat the assertion of exprocess of law in the fair ad.|ecut.ve privilege may not
ministration of criminal jus- ”d by he federal court,. be useful and re|evant as evi. •ice." Burger said. Cltl,n8 J*1®. landmark Marbury dence jn (he (rja| [or whjch j( js
The court also ruled that:
The material sought by Ja-
jjp vvorski satisfied a federal court reviewed by the federal courts. ,nde that subpoenaed material
“The allowance of the privi
Madison decision in 1804,
lege to withhold evidence that is ^ur8er said that “we therefore J* doctrine nf sensation of
demonstrablv relevant in a reaffirm that it is ‘emphatically! The doctnne of separation of
demonstrably relevant in a crovince „nd the dutv> of powers and the need for con-
criminal trial would cut deeply me Frovin(-e ana ine auiy 0I :firipnti„i:tv _f hiah * . „nrn
J..11 this fsunremei court ‘to sayRaentiaiity of high-level com-
(Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.)
Constantine Caramanlis, Head of the New Creek Civilian Government
Texas Firm Buys Interest In United Fire
Turkey Sends Friendly lf it Floats, Note to Greek Regime lrA ^ee<^
into the guarantee of
of l^w nnH ptmvpIv im- what the law is with respect to ^ ^
process OI law and gravely im nrivilecc nresented tlve branch does not mean that
pair the basic function of the hedamof privilege presented prcsjdem has an abso,utc
!coar - sald' I _ , ' . . i. . , privilege to withhold material
The opinion said since time Burgers opinion said that al-
! is of the essence.” the order to [though executive privilege is not
turn over the tapes will be is- mentioned in the Constitution, it sued immediately, rather than I “is fundamental to the opera-in 25 days as is the usual cus- tion of government and inex-,
[tom. Itricabiy rooted in the separation
Sirica Review of powers under the Constitu
te decision affirmed an ■tl0fl*
!order issued April 18 by U. S. But it added that “this pre-.
District Judge John Sirica re- j sumptive privilege must be con-
quiring that the President turn sidered in light of our historic W A S H I N G TO N (AP)—
over tapes and records of 64 commitment to the rule of law. Wednesday night’s opening ses-
conversations for use in the Wa- This is nowhere more profound- sjon 0f house judiciary com-! tergate cover-up trial of sixdy manifest than in our view mittee debate on the impeach’
j former Nixon aides and as-/that ‘the two-fold aim (of crim!- meat of President Nixon will be
,sociates. nal justice) is that guilt shall televised live on ABC-TV and on
or innocence suf-
Open Debate Tonight; Live On ABC-TV
Sirica is to examine the mate- not escape rial to determine which parts, fer.’”
The court said that the dis-
various Public System stations.
are relevant to the trial. They, mc mun amu u.c. u.o- T. Drocced;n„s ,,rp -rhrH
will be made available to ape-1 put® between the President and u|&d (# b jn a( 6:30 CDT
I cial prosecutor Leon Jaworski. Jaworski was subject to deter-
Gazette Leased Wires ! n e w government to select
cedar Rapids Neats Turkish Premier Bulent Ece-J members of its delegation.
... . ., ,. American General Insurance vit sent Greek Premier Constan-
ants to file any further mo ions £0 ^ Holton, Texas, is seek- tine Caramanlis a message locally if they so desired. i ing approval of the purchase of [Wednesday offering to reconcile
__________r__________ v o The Ecevit letter, read to;
In oral arguments to the, shares (5.7 percCnt) of the their* nations’ differences that newsmen at the Parliament
panel. William Carmichael, an- common stock of United Fire brought them close to war, building, said, “I congratulate
other lawyer for the defendants. and Casualty Co. of Cedar Caramanlis told newsmen in y°u vv*th warmest feeling on
likened their case to the fairy Rapids. Athens. your assumption of office as
tale of Cinderella. j According to information filed Caramanlis was sworn in prime minister of Greece. I am
This grand jury, he related, with the Securities and Ex- Wednesday as head of the first convinced that this heralds the
was impaneled on Jan. 7 to do change commission, the 19,500 civilian government in Greece beginning of a new era of
its work during the first calen- shares include 10,100 shares ac- in seven years and immediately friendship in our region,
dar quarter. It subsequently re- quired on the open market in n a rn e d George Mavros as “From the day I took office it
turned the indictments against six separate transactions in the foreign minister to conduct has been the sincere desire of!
the six. ; last 60 days. Of this total. 1,500, peace talks with Britain and my government to start friendly
Ample Authority shares were purchased at $20 Turkey in Geneva. cooperation in all fields with our
Carmichael contended that each and the remaining 8.600 A British government spokes-neighbors. I have strong hopes powers and shares at $20.25.
Cedar Rapids News—
So far “about IO or 15” inner tubes have been licensed as boats by the Linn county recorder’s office, according to Pat Kane, recorder.
Inner tubes, rubber rafts and even tree logs must be licensed if used for water transportation, according to a
Picture Darkened for Nixon by Hogan Stand
The National Public Radio system has said it will carry the debate live from start to finish. CBS has said its radio network also will carry the debate live but will break away for its regular six-minute newscasts every hour.
NBC Radio and ABC Radio
WASHINGTON (AP) — Pres-1 Hogan, himself, said in an in-idcnt Nixon's hopes of avoiding terview Tuesday night that he have said they will air the deimpeachment suffered a set-!expected eight Republicans to; back on the eve of the house ju-|vote for impeachment. All 21 diciary committee's historic dc-'Democrats are believed ready bate Wednesday. | to vote for at least one article of
Rep. Hogan, a conservative impeachment, recently-passed state law cf- ;anci one of those committee Re-j Another G.O.P. member, who fective July I. [publicans counted on to oppose!said he has expected about 40
The law was intended pri- j impeachment, announced Tues-1 Republicans in the house to vote marily for “non-powered ves- ; day he supports impeachment, for impeachment, raised his cs-sels” such as sailboats and I Hogan is the first committee i tiirmte to 80 after Hogan’s views
, i____in'Wamn Irnnu'n
Makan os Can Run in Election
BULLETIN ATHENS (AP) - dreck Foreign Minister George Mavros said Wednesday the new Greek government recognizes Archbishop Makarios as the president and legal head of Cyprus.
(Photo on picture page)
this grand jury’s powers and snares 31 ZI)’ nian said that the peace talks; that as an gcperienced states-! I —o— - --------- i_____u
authority terminated at mid- Scott McIntyre, sr., chairman have been delayed at the re-man who can appreciate the; canoes* but such watercraft as Republican to announce he will D(,^me Known, night on March 31 and the Cin- of the board of United Fire. said quest of Greece to enable the value of close and healthy rela- inncr tubes also are included vote for impeachment. His deci- Hep. Anderson ot mn is ne
dcrella first grand jury returned he had received no information a™* „„j v.,* ! in the description of vessels tmra-ranKing ttepuDiican in inc
to pumpkin status and once beyond what was included in again became ordinary citizens American General s presenta-of Linn county without any fur- t‘on t0 the SEC. ther powers to act. I ° Des Moines
Garry D. Woodward, assistant He said he and his son. Scott
at tor ne v general, argued before! McIntyre, jr., president of Unit-the panel that there was ample cd Fire, were going to Des authority for the first quarter Moines Wednesday afternoon to grand jury to extend its work talk with the state insurance into subsequent quarters. commissioner about the sjtua-
Five Cedar Rapids detectives, tion.
Kenneth Millsap. Darwin Am-. He said this is the first time meter, Robert Manchester, Don-;since he organized United Fire ald Rosdail and Asst. Chief Wal-in 1946 that a company has lace Johnson, and Public Safety acquired such a number of Commissioner James Steinbeck shares, were indicted bv the Linn In the July I filing with the county grand jury. iSEC which iust became avail
tions between Greece and Turkey and for world peace, you might respond to this desire.” In Washington Secretary of State Kissinger said the U. S. “welcomes the return of civilian government” in Greece and Cyprus.
He said the U. S. “expects to have close and friendly relationships with the new government in Greece which is composed of friends of ours.” Caramanlis returned to Athens in triumph from ll years of self-imposed exile and took over
NICOSIA, Cyprus (UPI) — Acting President Glafkos
able this week, the firm stated said Wednesday that
Alleged Conspire \ that American General “intends nevv elections will be held with-
A 11 except Johnson are t0 hold the stock as an invest- in the ncxt few months” on charged with conspiracy, perju- merit and may from time to ( vPnis sod that ousted Prcsi-rv and obstruction of justice, time seek to increase ites invest- dent Archbishop Makarios could Johnson is charged with perjury ,mcnt bv the purchase of addi- run *or Pr(-Sident
(Continued: Page 2, Col. 5.)
in the description of vessels requiring registration.
If the craft is operated 300 feet from shore or in water deeper than the person's height, it requires a license, Kane said. He noted that licenses are necessary for inner tubes which are pulled behind powerboats, also.
The rationale behind the law, Kane said, involves conformity to federal guidelines for watercraft and the identification factor. Registration numbers aid attempts to recover lost or stolen watercraft.
house, said, “It seems to me
quite obvious that Mr. Hogan’s
, , „ . „ ,. .statement is convincing evi-!
sion touched off open talk o im-dence ,bat ,be commlUee is
pcachment in the Republican djSp0sed ,0 V0(e one or more ar-
eloak room. tides and I would gather that
A committee vote on whether tbe bouse wou,d fo,|ow sujt
lo recommend impeachment is from what , hcar in tho com. expected by Friday or Saturday.
President Not Going To kEo/cA
SAN CLEMENTE (AP) -President Nixon will watch none of the televised impeachment debate Wednesday n i g h t, a spokesman announced Tuesday.
This word came from Press Secretary Ziegler, who last year insisted Nixon watched none of the televised hearings of the senate Watergate committee. Months later Nixon acknowledged he had taken an occasional peck.
From 40 to 80
a prediction by one
One southerner said after the bate live only when develop-Hogan announcement, “This I nients warrant. The Mutual *rjp had a profound psychological Broadcasting System has said it impact. Many Republicans who plans to carry highlights of each were not on anybody’s list for;day’s debate in special evening
G.O.P. member that as many as . . 4 ....
seven of Hie 17 committee Re impeachment were talking hr PW*r«B-
publicans may end up calling I for Nixon’s impeachment.
the first time today about their! (Continued: Page 2, Col. I.)
and obstruction of justice and tional shares, was named as an unindicted co-. “American General docs not conspirator in the conspiracy in- directly or indirectly exercise dictments.
The indictments followed a five-month probe of the police department by the grand jury.
They were indicted in connection with an alleged conspiracy
TV networks are rotating coverage but each one can carry the debate if it wishes.
NBG and CBS said, however, they had no plans for live coverage of the opening session A spokeswoman for PBS said
WASHINGTON (AP) — A pro- proposed articles of impeach-(pointed out they voted to sub- peared to be an outside organi- (he public television system impeachment lobby is trying to mcnt are put to a vote. | poena all information they con-1 cation but because the local would televise the opening de-
Impeachment Lobby Applies Heat
in three cases, the ads asked side,cd relevant, particularly large, bold-faee type. ”IS! »f Prcs,denl,al conversa'action fro
to injure the other officers
There still was scattered gun- put hometown pressure on sev
fire iii Nicosia Wednesday, oral key Republican congress
threatening the fragile cease- men whose votes could be cru-1Congressman
control over the company,” I fire, but a U, N. spokesman said I cial when the house judiciary c0ver.Un?“
the statement said. “However, the truce violations were not committee decides whether to j ...
American General may at serious. recommend impeachment of lobbying group pointed
some future time determine to j Makarios was deposed last President Nixon.
seek such control.” Leek by the coup headed by The Nalional Committee ™ ’!!! IL , IvLni^ of Mana and
The statement was signed by Nicos Sampson, who resigned; the Presidency Inc., a regis-L ith V N York hid voted IT" IT ”7..
Benjamin N. Wood.son, Houston, Tuesday to make room for tcred lobbying group, recently;fnvnr ifiSllinp sll’hrkftPnas for!j,can ^ePirCM n!i:^.C I Several judiciary committee
In a news release issued in,cided to answer it with a letter Washington Tuesday, Theodore to the paper Zimmerman, a spokesman for Smith’s and Mayne’s offices the lobby, said the votes of the;ais0 saKj public statements had three congressmen and similar been issued in response to the split votes by four other Repub- a(js
r ad stirred some re-!hate to its conclusion but would •om constituents he de-l™" 0“l‘r ‘ive coverage on rue-
(Continued: Page 2, Col. 4 )
Today s Index
have j chairman and president. In the 'derides, charges pressed against other material the firm described it house of officers.
the speaker of the bought full-page advertisemc
representatives and in
IlllV I * rM t ieciiinrf ciiKnAmiflc f nr . . a. « a* * VI I til |UUILUU\ LUI III IIH I. I
[Ants1 issuing subpoenas foi tlvc participation in the continu-l hpr id v h d re
; some presidential diaries and1 ing c0ver.UD Keing conducted by m?mbm , . \ ,,
l<’rn Odin SI numbin' others S? m. 21“? b k mal1 or had been talker
I Oft it a's Chuckle
Last week 50 people picket ness.” cd city hall demanding that something be done about air pollution Then they got into 47 ears and went home.
.... several small Midweste Iself as of Dec. 31, 1973. as,legal successor to Makarios|and upstate New York newspa-
‘'seventeenth In size among Hi-.under the constitution. ipcrs calling attention lo the im- •D0|iti'cs'’Lf'iniDeachmeni''
:vers tied financial companies in; derides told a news confer- peachment inquiry. if vliL .n T^h sid^ L
I ‘he U.S. as measured by Iota!.once that "every Cyprus citizen ' ">les on l olh ® — ...
(assets employed in the busi- has the right” to run for pres- “Helping Cover-Up?” same subject to complicate the biy little” pressure from
mi • , st Ilssue and confuse the public, Ionized groups in his distric
against demanding others. “These votes look like the
to by Nixon supporters associated with a national group headed
ident, and “there is no reason Description of Firm why Archbishop Makarios could ,ri“;; „.prestntcd bv Kcpnbli-
I he Woodson information lur- hoi stand for office. congressmen considered lo
thor said that American Gen- Makarios, in New York,
eral consists of the parent com- said he plans to return to the
Dennis said that with the ex-cephen of the pio-impeaihment bv Rabbi Baruch Korff. lads he had received “remarka-
ganized groups in his district on
considered in the “swing” cate-;
ads were aimed at dis- the national committee said. |ci(her side of the impeachment K°ry denwi an>! ' renresented bv Republi- _ . _____ pressure, fhey inc
lean congressmen considered lo; Reject Charge ^
be swing votes on the commit- All three congressmen reject ! Answered wim Letter
tee, publicly uncommitted and,cd suggestions their votes had The National Committee (O)ntinued: Page 3, Col. 3.) (Continued: Pages, Col. 4.) 'likely to go cither way when the I helped cover up anything and the Presidency,
pressure, iney included Reps.
! Fish and Smith, both of New York; Butler of Virginia; Raison! back and MeClory both of Uli-ap- nous; and Cohen of Maine.