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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Ifeather- Chance of rain tonight and Thursday. Ia»w tonight, near 70. Highs Thursday, mid to lipper 80s. VOL! .VIK 02 NI MBK!* IOO LO CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA. WEDNESDAY, .JUBY 24, 1074 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES HIGH Police Writ Denied by High Court By Harrison Weber DES MOINES (IDPA) - A three-member panel of the Iowa supreme court Wednesday de-! dined to intervene in criminal! cases against six Cedar Rapids! law enforcement officers. In denying a request for a writ of certiorari, the panel noted that the defendants had not exhausted all of their rights locally. The six contend the Linn county grand jury that returned indictments against them was illegally constituted because it was continued from January into July. Not Asked In sending the matter back to the district court, Chief Justice C. Edwin Moore noted from the bench that the defendants specifically had not asked the district court to set aside the indictments on the grounds that the grand jury was improperly impaneled. Robert C. Nelson, an attorney representing the defendants, replied that the six were I trying to expedite proceedings and save the taxpayers money! by bringing the matter directly, to the attention of the supreme court. Judge Moore said the panel,! which besides himself included Justices David Harris and Ward! Reynoldson, felt the application for a writ of certiorari was “premature.” Likened to Cinderella The lower court had set 5 p.m. Wednesday as the time for entering all pleas in the case. Justice Moore continued stay proceedings for an additional ten days to permit the defend- ;    , v    V    -    . f i ’iv :$>*? >., V Vi/ > \    x"    I ' I ..    •    -.Hr' ' ,'i‘    •    V ?v•!    v ■ ;■> ' ' V ^    M*    'J    I" }    " '<    ] ’ ; > \ ’ ■?'•'• ’    .    <jfe ^ v;^ Js '    *    * ••• . :•*: i [v J    ir/M ’t' "L    I Tribunal Rules Against President by 8-0 Vote gazette Leased Wires    Burger    said    public    interest    re- WASHINGTON — The su- quires that presidential con-preme court ruled 8 to Oifidentiality be afforded the iWednesday that President greatest protection consistent Nixon must surrender White with the administration of jus-House tapes and papers wanted !tice. in connection with the ; gate cover-up trial. Chief Justice Burger, a Nixon I appointee, delivered the opinion ! of the court. mination in the courts, despite Nixon’s assertion that it was not on grounds it was a dispute within the executive branch. It is theoretically possible Water-' Therefore, he said, Sirica has|^or the attorney general to a heavy responsibility to insure I amend or revoke the regulation that material irrelevant to the defining the special prosecutor's criminal prosecution be accord-L1I#linflUlf,, Di. „ r . A ed the high degree of respect h .    ur8er wrote. But I “We    conclude    that    when the.due a President and that such thjs rCgulatiorTremains iiTforcc ground    for    asserting    privilege material he returned under seal1, ho ° .. mains in force las to subpoenaed materials to the White House.    -h^executive branch is bound sought for use in a criminal;    Affirms    Jurisdiction trial is based only on the gener-i    ,. . ■ aiized interest in confidentiality, ThLe. ch,lc k    dl,sP°sedl it cannot prevail over    the    fun- qulckly,    ,®f Pres'dent s,    a‘- : damentai demands    of    due! euI"ent    ‘hat the assertion of    exprocess of law in the    fair    ad.|    privilege may not ministration of criminal jus- ”d by he federal court,. be useful and re|evant as evi. •ice." Burger said.    Cltl,n8    J*1®. landmark Marbury dence jn (he (rja| [or whjch j( js Other Findings The court also ruled that: The material sought by Ja- jjp vvorski satisfied a federal court reviewed by the federal courts. ,nde that subpoenaed material “The allowance of the privi i. vs. sought. Madison decision in 1804, lege to withhold evidence    that    is    ^ur8er said    that “we    therefore J* doctrine    nf sensation of demonstrablv    relevant    in    a    reaffirm that    it is    ‘emphatically! The doctnne    of separation of demonstrably    relevant    in    a crovince    „nd    the    dutv> of powers and the need for con- criminal trial    would cut    deeply    me Frovin(-e    ana    ine    auiy 0I :firipnti„i:tv _f    hiah *    . „nrn J..11 this fsunremei court ‘to sayRaentiaiity of high-level com- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) —UPI Telephoto Constantine Caramanlis, Head of the New Creek Civilian Government Texas Firm Buys Interest In United Fire Turkey Sends Friendly lf it Floats, Note to Greek Regime lrA    ^ee<^ License into the guarantee of of l^w nnH    ptmvpIv im-    what the law is with respect to    ^    ^ process OI law and    gravely im    nrivilecc nresented tlve branch does not mean    that pair the basic function of the hedamof privilege presented prcsjdem has an abso,utc !coar -    sald'    I _    , ' . . i. .    ,    privilege    to withhold material The opinion said    since time    Burgers opinion said that al- ! is of the essence.”    the order to    [though executive privilege is not turn over the tapes will be is- mentioned in the Constitution, it sued immediately, rather than I “is fundamental to the opera-in 25 days as is the usual cus- tion of government and inex-, [tom.    Itricabiy rooted in the separation Sirica Review    of powers under the Constitu te decision affirmed an ■tl0fl* !order issued April 18 by U. S. But it added that “this pre-. District Judge John Sirica re- j sumptive privilege must be con- quiring    that the President    turn sidered in light of our historic    W A S H I N G    TO N (AP)— over tapes and records of 64 commitment to the rule of law.    Wednesday night’s opening ses- conversations for use in the Wa- This is nowhere more profound- sjon 0f house judiciary com-! tergate    cover-up trial of    sixdy manifest than in our view    mittee debate on    the impeach’ j former    Nixon aides and    as-/that ‘the two-fold aim (of crim!-    meat of President    Nixon will be ,sociates.    nal justice) is that guilt shall televised live on ABC-TV and on or innocence suf- Open Debate Tonight; Live On ABC-TV Sirica is to examine the mate- not escape rial to determine which parts, fer.’” The court said that the dis- various Public System stations. Broadcasting are relevant to the trial. They, mc mun amu u.c.    u.o- T. Drocced;n„s    ,,rp -rhrH will be made available to ape-1 put® between the President and u|&d (# b jn a( 6:30    CDT I cial prosecutor Leon Jaworski. Jaworski was subject to deter- Gazette Leased Wires    !    n    e    w    government    to    select cedar Rapids Neats    Turkish    Premier    Bulent Ece-J members of its delegation. ...    . .,    ,.    American    General    Insurance    vit sent Greek Premier Constan- ants to file any further mo ions £0 ^ Holton, Texas, is seek- tine Caramanlis a message locally if they so desired.    i    ing    approval    of    the    purchase    of    [Wednesday    offering    to    reconcile “Warmest Feeling” __________r__________  v      o       The    Ecevit    letter, read to; In oral    arguments    to the, shares (5.7 percCnt) of the    their* nations’ differences    that    newsmen at the Parliament panel. William Carmichael, an- common stock of United Fire    brought them close to war,    building,    said, “I congratulate other lawyer for the defendants. and Casualty Co. of Cedar    Caramanlis told newsmen in    y°u vv*th warmest feeling    on likened their case to the fairy Rapids.    Athens.    your assumption of office as tale of Cinderella.    j According to information filed Caramanlis was sworn in prime minister of Greece. I am This grand jury, he related, with the Securities and Ex-    Wednesday as head of the first    convinced    that this heralds    the was impaneled on Jan. 7 to do change commission, the 19,500    civilian government in Greece    beginning of a new era    of its work during the first calen- shares include 10,100 shares ac-    in seven years and immediately    friendship    in our region, dar quarter. It subsequently re- quired on the open market in    n a rn e d George    Mavros    as    “From the day I took office it turned the    indictments    against six separate transactions in the    foreign minister    to conduct    has been the sincere desire of! the six.    ; last 60 days. Of this total. 1,500,    peace talks with    Britain    and    my government to start friendly Ample Authority    shares were purchased at $20 Turkey in Geneva.    cooperation in all fields with our Carmichael contended that each and the remaining 8.600 A British government spokes-neighbors. I have strong hopes powers and shares at $20.25. Cedar Rapids News— So far “about IO or 15” inner tubes have been licensed as boats by the Linn county recorder’s office, according to Pat Kane, recorder. Inner tubes, rubber rafts and even tree logs must be licensed if used for water transportation, according to a Picture Darkened for Nixon by Hogan Stand The National Public Radio system has said it will carry the debate live from start to finish. CBS has said its radio network also will carry the debate live but will break away for its regular six-minute newscasts every hour. NBC Radio and ABC Radio WASHINGTON (AP) — Pres-1 Hogan, himself, said in an in-idcnt Nixon's hopes of avoiding terview Tuesday night that he have said they will air the deimpeachment suffered a set-!expected eight Republicans to; back on the eve of the house ju-|vote for impeachment. All 21 diciary committee's historic dc-'Democrats are believed ready bate Wednesday.    |    to    vote    for at least one article of Rep. Hogan, a conservative impeachment, recently-passed state law cf- ;anci one of those committee Re-j Another G.O.P. member, who fective July I.    [publicans counted on to oppose!said he has expected about 40 The law was intended pri- j impeachment, announced Tues-1 Republicans in the house to vote marily for “non-powered ves- ; day he supports impeachment, for impeachment, raised his cs-sels” such as sailboats and I Hogan is the first committee i tiirmte to 80 after Hogan’s views ,      i____in'Wamn Irnnu'n Cypriot Chief: Makan os Can Run in Election BULLETIN ATHENS (AP) - dreck Foreign Minister George Mavros said Wednesday the new Greek government recognizes Archbishop Makarios as the president and legal head of Cyprus. (Photo on picture page) this grand jury’s powers and snares 31 ZI)’    nian    said that the peace talks; that as an gcperienced states-!    I    —o—    - --------- i_____u authority terminated at mid- Scott McIntyre, sr., chairman have been delayed at the re-man who can appreciate the; canoes* but such watercraft as Republican to announce he will D(,^me Known, night on March 31 and the Cin- of the board of United Fire. said quest of Greece to enable the value of close and healthy rela- inncr tubes also are included vote for impeachment. His deci- Hep. Anderson ot mn is ne dcrella first grand jury returned he had received no information    a™*    „„j    v.,*    !    in the description of vessels      tmra-ranKing    ttepuDiican    in    inc to pumpkin status and once beyond what was included in again became ordinary citizens American General s presenta-of Linn county without any fur- t‘on t0 the SEC. ther powers to act.    I    ° Des Moines Garry D. Woodward, assistant    He said he and his son.    Scott at tor ne v general, argued before! McIntyre, jr., president of Unit-the panel that there was ample cd Fire, were going to Des authority for the first quarter Moines Wednesday afternoon to grand jury to extend its work talk with the state insurance into subsequent quarters.    commissioner about the sjtua- Five Cedar Rapids detectives, tion. Kenneth Millsap. Darwin Am-. He said this is the first time meter, Robert Manchester, Don-;since he organized United Fire ald Rosdail and Asst. Chief Wal-in 1946 that a company has lace Johnson, and Public Safety acquired such a number of Commissioner James Steinbeck shares, were indicted bv the Linn In the July I filing with the county grand jury.    iSEC    which iust became avail tions between Greece and Turkey and for world peace, you might respond to this desire.” In Washington Secretary of State Kissinger said the U. S. “welcomes the return of civilian government” in Greece and Cyprus. He said the U. S. “expects to have close and friendly relationships with the new government in Greece which is composed of friends of ours.” Caramanlis returned to Athens in triumph from ll years of self-imposed exile and took over NICOSIA, Cyprus (UPI) — Acting President Glafkos able this week, the firm stated    said    Wednesday    that Alleged Conspire \    that American General “intends nevv elections will be held with- A 11 except Johnson are t0 hold the stock as an invest- in the ncxt few months” on charged with conspiracy, perju- merit and may from time to ( vPnis sod that ousted Prcsi-rv and obstruction of justice, time seek to increase ites invest- dent Archbishop Makarios could Johnson is charged with perjury ,mcnt bv the purchase of addi- run *or Pr(-Sident (Continued: Page 2, Col. 5.) in the description of vessels requiring registration. If the craft is operated 300 feet from shore or in water deeper than the person's height, it requires a license, Kane said. He noted that licenses are necessary for inner tubes which are pulled behind powerboats, also. The rationale behind the law, Kane said, involves conformity to federal guidelines for watercraft and the identification factor. Registration numbers aid attempts to recover lost or stolen watercraft. house, said, “It seems to me quite obvious that Mr. Hogan’s , , „    .    „    ,. .statement is convincing evi-! sion touched off open talk o im-dence ,bat ,be commlUee is pcachment in the Republican djSp0sed ,0 V0(e one or more ar- eloak room.    tides    and    I    would    gather    that A committee vote on whether tbe bouse wou,d fo,|ow sujt lo recommend impeachment is from what , hcar in tho com. expected by Friday or Saturday. President Not Going To kEo/cA SAN CLEMENTE (AP) -President Nixon will watch none of the televised impeachment debate Wednesday n i g h t, a spokesman announced Tuesday. This word came from Press Secretary Ziegler, who last year insisted Nixon watched none of the televised hearings of the senate Watergate committee. Months later Nixon acknowledged he had taken an occasional peck. dors. From 40 to 80 Hogan's announcement a prediction by one One southerner said after the bate live only when develop-Hogan announcement, “This I nients warrant. The Mutual *rjp had a profound psychological Broadcasting System has said it impact. Many Republicans who plans to carry highlights of each were not on anybody’s list for;day’s debate in special evening Igered G.O.P. member that as many as .    .    4    .... seven of Hie 17 committee Re impeachment were talking hr PW*r«B- publicans may end up calling I for Nixon’s impeachment. the first time today about their! (Continued: Page 2, Col. I.) and obstruction of justice and tional shares, was named as an unindicted co-. “American General docs not conspirator in the conspiracy in- directly or indirectly exercise dictments. The indictments followed a five-month probe of the police department by the grand jury. They were indicted in connection with an alleged conspiracy TV networks are rotating coverage but each one can carry the debate if it wishes. NBG and CBS said, however, they had no plans for live coverage of the opening session A spokeswoman for PBS said WASHINGTON (AP) — A pro- proposed articles of impeach-(pointed out they voted to sub- peared to be an outside organi- (he public television system impeachment lobby is trying to mcnt are put to a vote.    |    poena    all    information    they    con-1 cation but because the local would televise the opening de- Impeachment Lobby Applies Heat in in three cases, the ads asked side,cd relevant, particularly large, bold-faee type. ”IS! »f Prcs,denl,al conversa'action fro helping the to injure the other officers reputations and of to There still was scattered gun-    put hometown pressure on sev fire iii Nicosia Wednesday,    oral key Republican congress threatening the fragile cease-    men whose votes could be cru-1Congressman control    over    the    company,”    I fire, but a U, N. spokesman said    I cial when the house judiciary c0ver.Un?“ the statement    said.    “However,    the truce violations were not    committee decides whether to j    ... American General may at serious.    recommend impeachment of    lobbying    group pointed some future time determine to j Makarios was deposed last President Nixon. seek such control.”    Leek    by the coup headed by The Nalional    Committee ™ ’!!! IL , IvLni^ of Mana and The statement was signed by Nicos Sampson, who resigned; the Presidency Inc., a regis-L ith V N York hid voted IT"   IT ”7.. Benjamin N. Wood.son, Houston, Tuesday to make room for tcred lobbying group, recently;fnvnr ifiSllinp sll’hrkftPnas for!j,can    ^ePirCM    n!i:^.C    I    Several    judiciary    committee liked In a news release issued in,cided to answer it with a letter Washington Tuesday, Theodore to the paper Zimmerman, a spokesman for Smith’s and Mayne’s offices the lobby, said the votes of the;ais0 saKj public statements had three congressmen and similar been issued in response to the split votes by four other Repub- a(js r ad stirred some re-!hate to its conclusion but would •om constituents he de-l™" 0“l‘r ‘ive coverage on rue- (Continued: Page 2, Col. 4 ) Today s Index have j chairman and president. In the 'derides, charges pressed against other material the firm described it house of officers. the speaker of the bought full-page advertisemc representatives and in IlllV I * rM    t ieciiinrf ciiKnAmiflc f nr .    .    a.    «    a*    *    VI    I    til    |UUILUU\    LUI III IIH I. I [Ants1    issuing    subpoenas    foi    tlvc    participation    in    the    continu-l    hpr    id    v h d re ; some presidential diaries    and1 ing c0ver.UD Keing    conducted by m?mbm ,    .    \    ,, l<’rn Odin SI numbin' others    S?    m. 21“? b k    mal1    or had    been    talker I Oft it a's Chuckle Last week 50 people picket ness.” cd city hall demanding that something be done about air pollution Then they got into 47 ears and went home. Copyright .... several small Midweste Iself as of Dec. 31, 1973. as,legal successor to Makarios|and upstate New York newspa- ‘'seventeenth In size among Hi-.under the constitution.    ipcrs calling attention lo the im- •D0|iti'cs'’Lf'iniDeachmeni'' :vers tied financial companies in; derides told a news confer- peachment inquiry.    if    vliL    .n    T^h    sid^    L I ‘he U.S. as measured by Iota!.once that "every Cyprus citizen    '    ">les    on    l    olh    ®    — ... (assets employed in the busi- has the right” to run for pres- “Helping Cover-Up?” same subject to complicate the biy little” pressure from mi •    ,    st    Ilssue and confuse the public, Ionized groups in his distric The against demanding others. “These votes look like the that Of till' to by Nixon supporters associated with a national group headed ident, and “there is no reason Description of Firm why Archbishop Makarios could ,ri“;; „.prestntcd bv Kcpnbli- I he Woodson information lur- hoi stand for office.    congressmen    considered lo thor said that American Gen-    Makarios, in New York, eral consists of the parent com- said he plans to return to the Mr. Nixon. Dennis said that with the ex-cephen of the pio-impeaihment bv Rabbi Baruch Korff. lads he had received “remarka- or ganized groups in his district on considered in the “swing” cate-; White House! ads were aimed at dis- the national committee said. |ci(her side of the impeachment K°ry denwi an>! ' renresented bv Republi-    _    .    _____ pressure, fhey inc issue lean congressmen considered lo;    Reject    Charge    ^ be swing votes on the commit- All three congressmen reject !    Answered wim Letter tee, publicly uncommitted and,cd suggestions their votes had The National Committee (O)ntinued: Page 3, Col. 3.) (Continued: Pages, Col. 4.) 'likely to go cither way when the I helped cover up anything and the Presidency, he said, pressure, iney included Reps. ! Fish and Smith, both of New York; Butler of Virginia; Raison! back and MeClory both of Uli-ap- nous; and Cohen of Maine. Comics .......... . ..TD Crossword 71) Daily Record ..... SA Deaths ........SA Editorial Features 8A Farm ... IC Financial .....8D Marion SC Mon ies til), 7B Society 10IU3U Sports 1D-5D State IC, 2C Television ...... ____bl) Want Ads . 9D-13D ;