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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa (th* (techie ftttpicU (Duje-We Editorial Page Stupid, partisan lunge not ‘inconceivable’ Monday July 15, 1974 iii Con-ban benefits proven A MID THE DIN of Oregon’s JA bottle* bill brouhaha, two Oregon State university business professors, Charles Gudger and Jack Bailes, have quietly conducted a study charting the impact of the two-year-old law. The celebrated statute requires a five-cent deposit on all beverage containers unless they could be reused by more than one company; for those, the deposit would "be two cents. The aim is to virtually eliminate the distribution of pull-top, disposable cans which litter the landscape. Results of the research, presumably dispassionate in the finest professorial tradition, are worth passing along here. As expected. the decrease in beer- and pop-can jettisoning has been impressive: a reduction of 88 percent in the volume of solid waste and litter from that source. The law is expected to save Oregon taxpayers $700,000 yearly in cleanup costs. And contrary to predictions of the pro-nonreturnables crowd, the effect of the law has been to increase by nearly $4 million the total operating income for business sectors directly affected. Naturally, experience has varied from industry to industry. Brewers and bottlers have saved $8 million, according to the study, while beer distributors’ operating costs are up $589,000 and retailers’ costs have increased by nearly $3 million. Fears of unemployment also were unfounded, though here again impact from one business to another has made up a mixed bag. Despite a personnel decrease in container manufacturing and soft drink canning industries, all other members of the business sector affected by the law have recorded employment increases. The net overall job increase has been 365, according to Profs. Gudger and Bailes. The bottle law’s demonstrated success owes largely to consumer cooperation, according to the researchers: “Consumers are returning substantially more containers, thus cutting their deposit losses.’’ All of which should be instructive to Iowa’s general assembly, which four times has seen “ban-the-can" legislation die in committee. Clearly, it is time for the Iowa proposal, now based on the Oregon bill, to be taken seriously. Unusual arrest rn.o. DAMON RUNYON would have liked the way Police Chief Wallace LaPeters handled the booking of five Cedar Rapids police officers on conspiracy, perjury and obstruction of justice charges last Tuesday. There was, undeniably, a certain amount of style involved in the secret photographing and fingerprinting ritual: meeting indicted officers at a motor inn, feeding them refreshments (courtesy of the innkeeper) and then handing officers notices of suspension on the way out. Accounts of the highly unusual (for this locale, at least) modus operandi evoke images of the new chief placing long-stem roses between the teeth of indictees as they trip through the doorway. In light of the imaginative arrest-making already on record, the wonder of it is that Chief LaPeters did not equip the veteran officers with do-it-yourself booking kits. A touch of class? Enough, perhaps, for two Runyon short stories and a Humphrey Bogart movie. . No doubt the private bookings impressed police department members with the fact that LaPeters, like all conscientious chiefs of police, aims to protect his own. But good intentions and verve aside, the move probably does not score equally high among the citizenry, particularly those who have suffered the humiliation of being booked in the bleak surroundings of police headquarters. Why, one might ask, should policemen accused of felonies be excused the same routine prescribed for others taken into custody? LaPeters has explained that he simply wanted to conduct the lawfully private proceedings away from news media members. whom he lumped into a single characterization: hanging around “like fleas on a dog’s back.’’ The chief contends that reporters created a circus atmosphere which threatened the pollee department. But by setting up shop in a posh motel, LaPeters created a countrv-club atmosphere. In our opinion, the decision was a mistake. As it ironically turned out, the pollee department’s identification bureau might have proved less exposed to the news-gathering hordes. Isn t it the truth? By Carl Riblet, |r Scientists ought to invent a device that could determine exactly what is or is not in the mind of any particular candidate for public office, lf the voters learned, after getting a peek into the handsome head of a candidate of either Democratic or Republican persuasion, that the space contained therein was a mish-mash of knots and snags. a vacuum, or solid, they could then elect it, reject it or preserve it in a jar against future need in politics for knotheads, empty heads or that specialty of congress — boneheads “There is a third kind of brain that can neither understand itself nor be taught to understand — Niccolo Machiavelli IntprQceon Press Syndicate . 55*3 People s forum Rura riposte To the Editor The opinion expressed by the Wall Street .Journal editorial published in The Gazette .July 3-4 prompts me to reply We as the nation'n food producers — the food that keeps the nation powerful — do not want anyone’s sympathy, nor do most of us with any insight into the future want the low-interest loans to yet us further into debt and to further cloud the future markets We do want, and have the right to expect, the chance to recover and to go on producing the best food at the most reasonable prices found anywhere iii the world Whether the gentleman pushing the pencil for the .Journal realizes it or not. it is not just a matter of “saddling up our horses and getting out on the range” — we’ve been there and will continue to stay there. (He should try it sometime — it s not a joy-ride.) With cheap imported beef coming into the country at lower cost (and also quality) than what we can produce, due to the exorbitant inflation lately — we hardly have half a chance to get our breath before going down the third time. You can bet your newspaper and his that if, by chance, some foreign industry was publishing a rival newspaper at less cost than his and distributing it in Ins Inolhrr !fesETsesas f *    tatus By James Reston WASHINGTON — In his first inaugural address. Woodrow Wilson said that “the firm i,.< is of government is justice, not pity.” and he appealed to “every man’s conscience and vision of the right.’’ This did not prove to be a very contagious suggestion, but Wilson said some things that day that are relevant to our present political and public confusions “The nation has been deeply stirred.” he said. “stirred by a solemn passion, stirred by the knowledge of wrong, of ideals lost, of government too often debauched and made an instrument of evil We know our task to be no mere task id’ politics but a task which shall search us through and through, whether we are able to understand our time and the need of our people, whether we be indeed their spokesmen and interpreters, whether we have the pure heart to comprehend and the rectified will to choose our high course of action.” Wilson was concerned that the people and the congress, confronted by the difficult and ambiguous problems of that day, should approach their duty from the interests of the nation as a whole and of the future. “It is inconceivable,” he said, “that we should do this as partisans; it is inconceivable that we should do it in ignorance of the facts as they are, or in blind haste men s hopes call upon us to say what we will do. Who shall live up to the great trust? Who dares fail to try?” Compare this with the rhetoric and arguments of the White House, the congress, and the country today. Again the nation has been confronted by “the knowledge of wrong, of ideals lost, of government too often debauched anil made an instrument of evil.” The evidence is clear before us on the White House tapes, but the reaction is quite different It is no longer “inconceivable" that we should seek "justice” without knowledge of the “facts” — the White House is refusing to produce the facts, and telling tin1 supreme court to stay out of the case, and refusing to say even whether it will abide by inc judgment of the highest court of the land. It is no longer “inconceivable” that this great constitutional crisis of today should bo approached in partisan terms: Thi' White House legal strategy is to provoke a partisan split and thereby, if successful, assure enough votes to avoid conviction of the President on the evidence. The congress is not exactly motivated these days by “every man’s conscience and vision of the right,” but is seething with partisan sentiments, and the public opinion polls reflect similar confusion between politics and principle. This is the most interesting and probably the most decisive question about the impeachment process: whether the people and the congress want the disturbing facts, or whether they are bored and frightened by the facts and want to evade them Tin' evidence seems to be that a very large percentage of the people are almost stunned by the facts they already have and that the daily disclosures of wrongdoing, even when expressed in lockerroom language in the President’s own voice, no longer produce a comparable response. In the last few days, the White House has gone into the supreme court and argued that the President alone should decide what evidence ought to be made available, even evidence of criminal misconduct. Also the house judiciary committee has issued its recordings of the President’s White House conversations, which differ from the President’s versions of the same tapes and demonstrate that somebody eliminated critical information and even changed words and meanings in the original White House presen tytion of the “facts.” On May 2, tile White House deputy press secretary. Gerald L. Warren, announced that the White House transcripts represented “the complete story as it relates to the President and Watergate.” But the judiciary committee version includes one statement eliminated by the White House, in which the President, eliminating his gutter language, says: “I want you all to stonewall it. let them (his aides) plead the Fifth Amendment, cover-up or anything else, if it ll save tin* plan That’s the whole point Later, he said he might prefer to do it another way, by giving the congress a partial report of the evidence, but Ins personal involvement in the discussion of covering up and obstructing justice is clear, yet the White House says this and other discrepancies are meaningless In fact. .James St. (lair, the President’s lawyer, is turning out to be the shiftiest broken-field runner to come out of the University of Illinois since Red Grange. Asked why the White House had omitted one 16-page portion of the President’s March 22. 1973. conversation. he replied that he saw “nothing sinister in the deletion. “I still don’t think it s relevant,” he added Hon Ziegler. the President’s propaganda chief, is even more shameless in his denials and charges, but he has been so discredited for so long now that it no longer matters what he says. What does matter is that even documentary evidence of White House evasions, deletions and misrepresentations no longer seem to surprise or even impress a great many people Even members of the congress seem to be a little numb after two years of controversy and contradiction since the Watergate breakin They seem to be waiting for a clear response from the people and the people seem to be waiting for a clear response from the congress. Meanwhile, even the definition of what is an impeachable offense is still the subject of endless debate. These, then, are the threshhold questions: How is the mountain of evidence to be judged’’ On Nixon's terms or the court’s? With all the facts or without them? On the whole shoddy record of misconduct or on the narrow ground of s< me clear violation of criminal law? On the basis of justice, conscience, and the right, as Woodrow Wilson proposed that we should approach our problems, or on the basis of pity and politics? Daniel J. Boorstin. in “Democracy and Its Discontents”, quotes Claude Hopkins on the art of advertising: “In fishing for buyers, as in fishing for bass, one should not reveal the hook.” But the astonishing thing is that the President and his men. fishing for votes, keep on revealing the hook and landing the suckers. It is quite a performance, but it wasn’t exactly what Woodrow Wilson had in mind New York Times Service Feds, manufacturers tweaked Product By Louis Harris The Harris Survey WITH CONCERN about the safety of consumer products continuing to run strong. 77 percent of the buying public favor “the federal government developing more extensive standards for product safety." In ll of 14 products asked about, there has been a rise in the number of Americans who are worried about safety hazards or potentially dangerous defects. Home pesticides, room heaters, automobiles and power lawnmowers top the list of products causing the most public concern Recently the Harris Survey asked a cross-section of 1.4117 households, as it had back in 1971 Some people Hove expressed concern over ♦He danger of <f*|ury or poisoning from certain safety: ‘area of deep concern Insights 1974 1971 85 84 80 75 78 71 76 82 70 62 69 64 68 64 64 69 63 48 62 64 62 54 58 56 49 48 Louis Harris area, we would hear endless arguments on how this is America and American industries should come first We agree that less government interference would definitely be beneficial, but first the government could try to correct at least one of its mistakes — not by giving us handouts, but by at least giving us a chance to come back by restricting meat imports much more strictly. Ifs a pretty poor time to decide not to interfere after you’ve pushed someone who can’t swim into deep water I he domestic livestock people are indeed “big boys,” and we will manage somehow However, the author of the editorial might keep in mind the truth of a new bumper sticker that has been making the rounds “America lives — if the farmer does ’ Rose Gore Route 3. Monticello No oversight “A year ago I could have sold it for double the amount that it's worth today To the Editor The drowning of an innocent child six years of age was tragic enough — hut to have a reporter write. “It was ten pro'4,'cts For each product on this cord, please tell me whether in using this product, you feel there is serious danger to your Health or safety, only some danger, or almost no danger at all (Hand respondent card)" Pesticides a-d bug sprays for Home use (poisoning) Room Heaters (fire, asphyxiation) Automobiles (manufacturing defects) Children s toys (poison, sharp edges, flammable) Power tools (inadequate safeguards) Fabrics such as curtains or children s clothes (flammable) Artificial additives in food (poisoning) Automobile tires Canned foods (poisoning, botulism) Detergents (allergic reactions) Hair sprays Appliances (electric shock or fire) TV sets (radiation or fire) • Although three in every four still art* concerned about the safety of children’s toys, the number has dropped from three years ago. Part of the reason undoubtedly is the result of a concerted campaign by both consumer groups and manufacturers of children's toys to see that they are being made with greater attention to individual safety. • The previous widespread concern over the allergenic effects of detergents has dropped slightly from 64 to 62 per- minutes. however, before it was noticed that Kerry McEnany, was missing.’’ We do not know who gave that information, but it is untrue. Eight young people were there on the sand bar, and they knew immediately one person was missing. One young lad dove repeatedly, trying to reach whoever it was, while the others cried for help to come W hy did the reporter have to write the time of ten minutes? To these young parents and to the rest of the family, he might as well have written Kl hours We thank God Kerry’s body was quickly recovered, but some words, untrue, can never be erased from our hearts. Kerry was my grandson Marcia Smith Walker (Editor s note The Gazette s story was based on a deputy sheriffs report of the incident. The report said the victim and four others were swept into the water and the others were rescued by boat It was about ten minutes before it was noticed Kerry was gone, " the report said Nearly identical comments appeared in a second official report Deputies attributed the elapsed time to the turmoil involved in the res cue operations ) A man is known by the compony he organizes. Ambrose Bierce cent. This has been another area of intensive consumerist activity in recent years. • At a time when worry about the safety of new cars still remains a concern to a high 78 percent of the public, apprehension over auto tire safety, on the other hand, has dropped from 69 to 64 percent. Aside from these categories, there has been in some cases a marked increase since 1971 in public worry about ll products surveyed In the category of canned goods, 63 percent report being uneasy or worried about food poisoning, particularly Iwit-ulism. Over the past few years, instances in which persons have suffered from botulism from defective canned goods, which can Im* fatal, have received wide attention This in turn has led to increased misgivings about canned goods of all kinds. Concern over artificial ad- Uncle Sam is biggest credit card nut of all An ECONOMIST fur the ll. S Chamber of Commerce has figured out that next year’s $364 4-billion federal budget comes to an average share of $4,362 from every family or household in the country No need to worry, however The government won t Im* sending bills for that amount — not directly As in the past, that portion of the budget not met by tax or other income will be financed by borrowing Iii other words, by adding it on to tilt* national debt We, or our children, will just pay for it later, the “easy” way, with cheaper dollars and continued inflation Newspaper I "t,-i prise Association ditives to food has also risen from 64 to 68 percent. The number of people who use hair sprays and coloring for the hair has grown rapidly But with increased usage, public worry about poisoning from the sprays or coloring has also risen from 54 to 62 percent • Back in 1971, a substantial 71 percent of the public was worried about the safety of power lawnmowers and the possibility of accidents resulting from their use In 1974, an even higher 78 percent express concern, especially over whether sufficient safeguards are being built into the mowers. • Power tools, which have grown in popularity, also art* the source of concern among 70 percent of the public, up from 62 percent who felt the same way three years ago Again, the complaint is that not enough safeguards are built into the power tools All in all. the public not only is worried about product safety but also feels that the federal government is not doing a highly effective job of enforcing safety standards The cross-section was asked In trying to enforce standard* for product safety and quality, how effective do you think the federal government is — very effective, only somewhat effective, or not effective at all? 1974 1972 Very effective 18 25 Only somewhat 62 50 Not effective at ail Ii 17 Not sure 6 8 When asked if federal efforts should Im* tightened in the arca of product safety .the public loudly replied in tile affirmative Some people have suggested that the federal government should develop more extensive stand ords for safety Do you favor or oppose the federol government developing more extensive standards for product safety? ‘ Favor Oppose Not sure 1974 77 17 6 74 21 5 Product safety is now an obvious arca of deep consumer concern iii this country, and most |M*oplc feel nut enough is tieing done by the federal government or the manufacturers of the products Ibis is the stuff from which consumer movements are made, and there is every likelihood thai consumer groups fix using on the product safety will continue lo grow Chicago Tribune Ne* Yon, N,*s syndical* ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette