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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather— Clear tonight with lows in the 60s. Chance of rain Tuesday with highs in the lower 90s. VOLUME 92 - NUMBER 187 Itll*    fhtpido    (Dnjettt CITY FIKAL IS CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, JULY 15, 1974 MILITARY REVOLT ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES CYPRUS FBI Finds 15-Percent Crime Jump Hostages Free, Siege Of Convicts Goes on WASHINGTON (AP) - Two armed convicts Monday reject-e d government offers and | pressed their siege in a courthouse cellblock even though WASHINGTON    (AP)    —    Crime J their seven hostages had es- in the    United    States    soared    15 Caped nearly 24 hours earlier. The hostages fled Sunday morning after enduring 68 hours 1 of captivity. The escape became possible when authorities smug- percent during the first three months of this year, the FBI reported Monday. It was the second consecutive period reflecting a dramatic increase in the national rate of murder, rape, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny and auto theft, the crime categories measured by the FBI in its Uniform Crime Reports. The latest crime s strengthened the pattern forecast by the 16 — percent overall increase during the last three months of 1973. By contrast, the full-year figures for 1972 showed a 4 percent decline, the first drop in 17 years, and the figures for the first nine months of 1973 showed the crime rate was holding steady. “No Clues” gled a key to the hostages. Justice department spokesman Mark Sheehan said Monday that Frank Gorham turned down a government offer to fly Gorham and his partner, Robert Jones, to federal prison medical ^rSe I facilities in Springfield, Mo., or Marion, 111. Sought a Prison Sheehan cited no reason for the refusal, but Gorham said in a telephone call to radio station WASH that the pair sought a prison on the East Coast or “Lawrence Coast,” presumably meaning the St. Lawrence river. Before the line was mysteri- FBI Director Clarence Kelley 0UslyJ“‘^ ^ ™ ..    ti    j    in    addition    to    the    geographical said the new figures “provide!    J, no clues as to what is causing the upsurge in crime, other than in what areas of the country the increases are occurring.” This means, he said, “that all demand, the pair wanted assur ances they would not be sepa- previous jail revolt in 1972, was on the phone negotiating with Chief Marshal George McKinney. One of the hostages. Deputy Marshal Calvin Mouton, had conceived a scheme for escape and relayed it to officials in a 6:30 a.m. CDT telephone call. Mouton had asked them to smuggle the hostages an elevator key in a sanitary napkin requested by one of the women in the cellblock. Uncertain of Miss Washington’s sympathies, they had not told her of the plan and she said later she was in a different area at the time. Out of Sight The package with the key was delivered, unsearched, to Deputy Marshall William Colquit. The hostages moved to a rear elevator out of Jones's sight. Mouton unlocked the elevator. Deputy Marshal Joe Driskell, 57, turned it on. Hostages William Garber, 46, an attorney; John Hurley, 61, an attorney for Gorham and Jones, and Ralph Swartz, 38, a justice department auditor, jumped on. Colquit turned to the last hostage, 24-year-old justice depart rated and that they would not ment secretary Debbie Collins be confined to solitary. Negotiations between author! of us in law enforcement, as t>es an^ the two convicts convell as the public, must take a tinued through the night and hard look at the situation and toto the morning, hood also was work together to halt this I sent down to the prisoners, trend.”    Sheehan said. The FBI figures, based on sta- Earlier, the government tistics reported by state and I turned off the air conditioning local police agencies across the in the basement of the court-country, are not considered ai house at the foot of Capitol hill totally accurate measure of and briefly turned the furnace crime. The Law Enforcement on. The temperatures outside Assistance Administration has hovered in the high 80s. concluded from its own polling At 6 p m CDT Sunday, the that the nation experiences at convicts released a woman inleast twice as much crime asjmate Ajme<ja Washington one the FBI figures reflect.    of    several prisoners in the de- “I said ‘take your shoes off and let’s split.’ And that’s what we did.” They rode the elevator to freedom. Outside, Colquit told newsmen about the final hour. “I was frightened. I was scared to death. It was hell,’’ said the brawny 37-year-old who stands well over six feet tall and does not give the appearance of being easily frightened. “Gentlemen” Makarios Sends Plea To Backers Linda Kohout, left, and Theresa Rodgers were among postal service workers who marched Monday in what is believed to be the first picketing ever in Cedar Rapids by post office employes. The demonstrators objected to night and weekend work, claiming some assignments were not handled through seniority channels. The FBI report showed that offenses in all seven crime categories totaled 15 percent more tention center caught up in the standoff when Gorham and Jones used a concealed .22- than in the same period a year|cajiber pistoi to take over Thurs aS°    I    day.1 Broken down by categories, the largest increase was 19 percent for larceny, followed by 15 C.R. Postal Workers Shaky Accord in Letter Shows Set    Up Picket    ®a,timore Strike Secret Pact, I    I D AI TI\JADT mni\ A U. I _ _ I _    F Jackson Says percent for burglary and IO percent for rape. Murder and assault each rose 7 percent, auto theft 5 percent and robbery I percent. Small Communities Alone at Last the first time, the two For convicts, who had repeatedly told newsmen they would kill the hostages if denied safe passage from the country, were alone in the cellblock. The convicts had voluntarily Mouton said that despite the threats from the pair, “they were gentlemen all the way.”    1    BALTIMORE    (UPI) — A ten- Gorham    and    Jones    had    care-    cNew*“    American Postal Workers union tative agreement to end    the lessly    left    pistols    from    a    cell-' ^e^ar Rapids    postal workers j^g] could not be reached for Crippling strike of more    than block locker around, Mouton set up an informational picket comment    3,000 municipal employes was said. “I could have picked up a line Monday protesting weekend    cain    civ m the is mhc in reac^ ear^ Monday, with the gun from the desk and killed    and night assj„nments    thev    \    ' J m;question of amnesty for    striking them both. But I didn’t have it    8 assignments    mey    the    post office    garage    here were policemen the last issue    holding in my mind yet to do it. I didn’t    were    111    outside    nor-ieliminated, but in line with the up settlement. mal seniority channels.    postal service national contract J Talks between the city    bar it is believed to be the first the employes were reassigned. l?ain!n?‘T and Po,icf u"ion such picketing ever by local mat. _ hi_ iAh    ,ocal broke off early Mon- n^t.1 Lninvp,    J ’ day after Po,ice Commissioner posidi employes.    Seda. “Although some were as-| Donald Pomerleau announced Demonstrators handed    out want to kill them.” Hijacker: To Kill Hostages One at a Time ATHENS (UPI) — The Greek-led Cypriot national guard overthrew the government of President Archbishop Makarios Monday in a move to unite the island with Greece. The coup brought a sharp new increase in tension between Turkey and Greece and both nations alerted their armed forces. Makarios had been reported killed earlier Monday but the Israeli National Radio said he broadcast an appeal Monday night over a clandestine radio station assuring supporters he was alive and calling on them to rally against the national guard insurgents led by Greek officers. Military Junta “He went on the air a short I time ago to assure his support-I ers that as long as he was alive, the (Greek) military junta I would not rule Cyprus,” the Israeli radio said in an English-language broadcast at 8:45 p.m. (12:45 p.m. CDT). Makarios also appealed for U.N. intervention in another broadcast to expel what he called “foreign intervention” in Greece. Britain's high commissioner ; to Cyprus Steven Olver reported sharp fighting on the island. Nicosia radio reported the national guard had installed newspaper publisher Nicos Sampson as the new president. His newspapers have long advocated union with Greece. Makarios, 60, was reported to have taken refuge at a British base on the island and to be broadcasting appeals for help. WASHINGTON (AP) — Pres-    Sought Refuge It"™" ifh St rSecre'! A cablc to Stockholm from tho agreement with Soviet Commit- Swedish U.N. battalion at Fama- Jol rn.pT , 10 «usta' said Marios had nought . ,U?ea^ rpfuse a' a British base on OM?TenJL, £ I I C>Prus and had cabled U.N. (D-Wash I    °"^headquarters in New York urg- Jackson, chairman of the senate subcommittee on arms con-J trol, said Sunday the agreement rn x *v —Gazette Photo bv Tom Merrymen ing intervention, a staff spokesman said. There was no immediate corn- signed to a lower level job, they there would be no general am- was contained in a letter N'xon ment *rom Greek military hacked a domestic Japan Air (released one of their original In the breakdown by popula-eight hostages early Friday and TOKYO (AP) — A knife tion, the sharpest increases other prisoners Saturday vvielding young Japanese hi were in communities of lcss,morning. than 10.000 where the biggest gy Sunday morning, Gorham, surge was 33 percent for a 26-year-old convicted bank murder and the smallest 18 per- robber and one-time Vietnam cent for assault.    paratrooper, was sleeping. Only Cities of more than one |0nes< 24, also known as Otis I Continued!"Page 3. Col. 5.1 Wilkerson and a veteran of a leaflets to the public saying they, retained ,he same sa,ary as nesty for striking policemen. wrote to Brezhnev. were picketing for seniority,'before.”    I    Pomerleau    said    he    planned    to    j equal treatmenl and job re- Soda said he can appreciate en["ce„'ttouldTrc spec!. One demonstrator said .the desire of employes to work I ^oi‘,L „r    I, she was tired of getting blamed (days instead of nights, “but 82 bcglnn,ng P~ballonary of-, those people who mail a letter ficers who joined the strike and would demote college-educated at night expect it to be deliv- p^e agents to police officers, ered in nearby areas the next |);|y 6CIarke ^ presidenl of (local 44. American Federation' The senator said the letter and a second document, which he did not identify, will support his charges that the Nixon administration has made secret protocols to the SALT I agreement on nuclear arms limitation signed in Mos- for mail problems ilu u .    ...    j,    Postmaster Charles Seda said Lines flight Monday night and,hc UIlderstood ,hc protcst be threatened to kill some of the 84 connected with shifting some of •SSS1 ,"<!“ byc!f"-!f|the el"PtoJ*s wh0 had been “We have jus* so awny people    6wmV7trf M^S| cow July M, ITO. an impiisoned Japanese guenl-1working days in the vehicle to do the work, and we have rmDioves iafscmW) said “I Th uh a h, a a la leader was not released andjmaintenance department, to had to reschedule some people thj £ th uni0n nesotiatins com nm nt Ink hi I1sehcond doc\ flown with him to North Korea, oights rn mait handling.    to the heavy evening bership to accept the contract government, which Makarios at a news conference Friday had accused or backing a terrorist underground plotting to overthrow or assassinate him. Turkey put its armed forces on alert. Normal communications with Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) The passengers were believed to include two Americans. The hijacker was demanding the release of a top leader of the extremist Red Army, the same group which together with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine plotted the ; massacre of 28 persons at Tel to the heavy evening hours. Aaron Baer, president of the (Continued: Page 3. Col. 7.) 124 from Osaka in western Japan to Tokyo, landed safely at Tokyo’s Haneda International airport with the hijacker in control of the plane. The plane First Babies Conceived in Test Tubes, Born Normally LONDON (AP) — Three normal babies born within the last 18 months are the world’s first to have been successfully , conceived in test tubes and then placed in the mother s womb Aviv s Lod airport in 1972 to mature, a British gynecology professor said Monday.    ,u~    f'~-TA/ Dr. Douglas Bevis, professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Leeds university, said the problem with the technique is preparing the womb so that it will not reject the fertilized egg. He said the three births had been successful not because of any medical break-through, but because of luck. So many have been attempted that by the law of averages some have come through. Bevis would not name the families or the doctors involved, but said at least one of the babies was bom in Britain. He said none of them have any apparent abnormalities. The technique involves taking a number of eggs from a woman who cannot have children normally because her Fallopian tubes leading from the ovaries to the womb are damaged.    t The eggs are placed in a nutrient .solution in a test tube. Then sperm is added. About a week later the eggs are replaced in the woman’s womb. Most such attempts at conception fail because the fertilized egg is flushed out of the lining of the womb when the woman has her next period. Doctors are try ing to find the secret of how they can deceive the womb into a pregnant state so the egg can implant itself and grow. Bevis was speaking to newsmen before addressing a meeting of the British Medical Assn. in the northern city of Hull. Science experts say the significance of such an artificially induced birth would be to allow women with blocked Fallopian tubes that do not allow normal egg implantation to conceive despite the blockage. Bevis said there is “not the remotest chance" of producing a fetus to full term in a laboratory in the near future. Republican Says Colson Tied Nixon To Ellsberg Burglary over to Jackson’s panel this week by the White House, the senator said on the NBC program “Meet the Press”. Jackson charged in June the I “secret clarification” of the | SALT I pact gave the Russians 70 more sub-based missiles than the 950 total missile strength allowed in the published treaty. The Douglas DC-8.    JAL    Flight j Gazette Leased Wires    clear the White House was di-1    first-hand knowledge of Nixon's    Pe sa*d tois secret    clarifica- WASHINGTON -Charles    rec"-v '"volved ' I* , «    .    Pr.iK*    Af    Knhnrr    SKHlSl 3PpiOVdl. WlUCh W 3S not Colson reportedly implicated    Most    Damaging    1    r°be    of    Schorr    obtained President Nixon in the ordering    John Ehrlichman, formerly    Other members    said Colson    pau| Nitze. Nixon’s    chief ne- of the breakin at the office of    Nixon’s chief domestic adviser,    testified that Nixon    agreed to a    gotiator at new SALT    talks, recoined    76    passengers    and    |r>aniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist, a    was convicted with three other    false cover story    designed to    signed his position in    '^oe and crew ntem rs.    . , - Republican member of the men Friday of conspiring to vio- explain an FBI investigation of ,0*d Jackson s subcommittee he I I ne rn acKer was I ecol tea in., r . .. .    ...    .    ,    I    J    °    _    J    .    amt because Secretary of State contact with tho airport control boU!* Hilary comm,(tee sa,d|la,e the civil rights of the pay- CBS newsman Darnel Schorr. ;£issi r '    ^    |0    ^Secret tower and promised to release! ^ t  ...... chiatrist,    Dr.    U>wis Fielding of Colson reportedly told the proposals. Nitze said he had not Los Angeles.    committee    that    Nixon agreed to been informed of the the release of a public state- secret proposals. women and children hostages! f*eP Fish iR-N.Y.) told a re-I when the Red Army leader was porter after Colson testified in brought to the airport.    secret    during    the morning, “He Airline officials said the pas did implicate the President.” senger list showed only two persons with Western names, a j“Mr. Allen” and “Mr. Rieh-jmond" who had stayed at an j Osaka hotel. The hotel said an ‘M. Richmond” of Chicago and a “Robert Allen” of California had recently checked out, but it could not be confirmed immediately that they were the men aboard the hijacked plane. Police identified the Red Army leader as Takaya Shiomi, 33, who helped found the guerilla group in 1969. He was arrested twice iii 1970, once for carrying dangerous weapons and once for conspiring to carry out Japan’s first air hi lack Fish was asked if the impliea tion came in ordering the brea kin or in covering it up. “In ordering it,” Fish said. Disputes Memory Fish, reporting on the testimony Colson had offered during the first two hours of his appearance before the closed im-peachment inquiry said he be- (J™su“ri‘ared lieved Colson, a former presidential counsel, might be the witness most damaging to alleged release ment saying Schorr was being The reported secret protocols considered for a government job led to an open dispute between after an FBI investigation of Jackson and Kissinger Archbishop Makarios But Rep. Hogan (R-Md.i dis- Nixon that the committee has puted Fish’s memory about heard. whether Nixon directly ordered “When he involved the Presto breakin.    ident in ordering the breakin, he “I did not hear that,” Hogan was quoting someone else,” said. “He did not say that. He might have said the President was aware of it but he didn’t say he ordered it ” Rep Mezvinsky (D-lowai said that, while Colson had not been asked whether Nixon knew of the plan to break into the psy-; ehiatrist’s office, “it was very The members said Colson described the statement as a "cover story” to conceal the true purpose of the investigation. which he said was sparked Fish said when he was asked if Colson said whether he had' Schorl Colson’s Strikes at Four of Five Copper Giants PHOENIX i AP) — Four of the by'"broadcasts wnsideTed 'in ‘tho nation’s five maj0" WW comi White House to be anti-adminis- Pames vvere struck bv a 26-tratj0n    union coalition early Monday. idling about 30,000 workers. Of the country’s large produc-i declined comment on testimony, ors, only Anaconda, which al- Today’M Chuckle To many modern parents, youth is stranger than fiction. Copyright reported saying: “I'm too busy covering|^y "hi *ui^d7 w8s‘'not af-’ (hts administrations other|fc(.|ed picket lines were up at wrongdoings to become u \[nencan Smelting and Refin-.nnlti-sman for mvsiUf    „,R Co (ASARCO). Phelps Dodge, Magma and Kennecott Copper Co., the nation’s largest spokesman for myself. Colson is the next to last wit- Today s Index Comics ..................IS Crossword ............. IS Daily Record .............. J Deaths .......   3 Editorial Features ........ (i F arm ................. 8 Financial ..........16 Marion     |fi Movies ................9 Society......... 8 Sports      11-14 State      4 Television ......... 7 Want Ads ....... 18-21 (Continued: Page 3, Cc’. 4.) ;

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