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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 11, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ct hr CGrlnr 'RnpirU (DnjeWc Editorial Page Ford climbs higher as No. I for GOP Thursday, July I I, 1974 fSBWIMWy ¥    "    ^    r- .^NIWNHHMK Police indictments WHEN it came down to cases, when a duly charged, responsible agency of justice had to lay it on the line concerning what it thought would stand up in court, the Linn county grand jury’s celebrated probe of the Cedar Rapids police department spelled out three specific kinds of charges against six past or present officers. The charges were conspiracy (against five of the six), perjury and obstruction of justice. Most significantly, the list did not contain a single charge of the alleged offenses bandied freely in almost a year of disparagement that has tarred the whole department: systematic breakins by police without search warrants, illegal buggings, mishandling of evidence, falsification of crime reports, favoritism in ticket-fixing. What the jury found, in essence, was that: The county attorney had been taken in by the spreaders of charges when his investigation gave credence and publicity to some of those allegations, without supportive indictments; parts of the broadcast media had been taken in by makers of the same allegations, feeding unsubstantiated rumors to the public; those behind this flow of accusations and derogatory stuff were lying for their own concealed purposes when they originated it. How much of the grand jury’s version of the truth in this dragged-out affair can hold up under further challenge now will be determined openly in court. Naturally for those accused the usual presumption of their innocence applies until their trials settle the question once and for all. Meanwhile, from the grand jury’s report apart from its indictments, several other points command attention now:Awash    in what counts • A number of police department leaders, past or present, under clouds resulting from the unsubstantiated accusations have been cleared, emphatically, by what the jury dug up. Supported and commended by name were retired Chief George Matias, former Asst. Chiefs Kenneth Vanous and Carl Badger, Asst. Chief Gareth Clift and the late James Shannon. • The police force as a whole was more than vindicated, in the grand jury’s eyes, from any taint of widespread wrongs or “illegal activities’’ among its personnel: “The citizens of Cedar Rapids should feel secure that the great bulk of the policemen who serve Cedar Rapids are conscientious, dedicated and honest public servants.” The weakened confidence that probably grew out of what has happened may take years to come back fully, but it builds on sound foundations and a still-intact reserve of citizen respect for the department. One more facet of the case invites consideration from this corner of the media before additional events unfold. The conspiracy indictments charge the various defendants with making false reports to the county attorney and “news media.” It behooves us to re-emphasize that it was not this newspaper that conveyed those reports from those sources, that The Gazette’s news columns showed consistent restraint in their handling of the rumored sensations, and that the rumors’ main outlet — WMT radio and TV — performed from the beginning what strikes us as a singularly irresponsible exercise in journalism. As it stands, the grand jury’s creditable job lends nothing but support to that regretful judgment. Values sorted out By James J. Kilpatrick SCRABBLE, Va — With the congress scattered, the supreme court in recess, and the President out of town, last week provided a fine time for a newsman’s vacation. On Wednesday I covered this Underwood like a birdcage, and for four days stayed home and did nothing It was an altogether Glorious Fourth. There was, of course, the usual work to be done around the farm, but such work is work only if you make your living at it When one is not compelled to ride a tractor, riding a tractor is almost as pleasant as floating around a millpond fishing from a rowboat. Mow ing requires no intellectual effort. Whether one is making hay or just cutting grass, the labor is rewarding; the sweat is honest sweat, and the job has a visible terminal point: There’s always one last row Over at Hawthorn Farm, where my son and daughter-in-law live, they were getting in wheat. One afternoon their rickety old combine dropped a part or threw a shoe, and hours were lost while the men searched vainly for the missing piece Then a thunderstorm came rolling over the mountains, purple as a bruise, and laid the ripe wheat flat. More time was lost while the wheat got back on its feet the next day. They finally patched up the combine and trucked the warm golden grain over to the mill at Rapidan They got $3 H4 a bushel. There wasn’t much dollar profit — probably none at all, by strict cost accounting — but there were inner rewards. The thunderstorm brought fringe benefits. It camped for about five minutes right over our house, and tossed down a couple of scary bolts of lightning There was a glare, a zz-a-ap and a crash of thunder all in a single second, and when the dishes stopped rattling the TV sets were dead. This eliminated the morning and evening news, along with the Sunday talk shows, and let me say this It is amazing how well one survives without them Thus deprived of Barbara Walters, it was possible to watch the barn swallows instead A pair of them have been nesting in the garage They built a castle turret on top of a ledge near the ceiling On the third of July, four chicks hatched. We could see their fuzzy little black-faced heads hung over the edge of the mud nest, for all the world like Ollie the Dragon in the old puppet shows. James J. Kilpatrick One morning I spent a solid hour watching mama and papa swooping in and out, punching food down those gaping mouths. Let me say this. too. that watching swallows beats watching Barbara Walters. The baby swallows have plenty of infant company. Sunday afternoon a troop of baby quail came running in tiny steps across the lawn They looked like so many Brownies on an all-day hike We haw a new collie puppy, Pitter by name. lh* didn t know what to make of the quail, but Piper finds every day a day of discovery. He spends his afternoons sleeping in a bed of thyme, and his mornings taking lessons from Lorenzo. From IO to ll he has a class in Posing Majestically, from ll to noon (letting iii the Way. The first week of July marks the beginning of Pickling Time. The vegetable garden, which hadn't been doing much, suddenly erupted with peck baskets of produce Every evening my wife combined heavenly aromas in great white enamel pots, and by Sunday night we had jeweled rows of dilly-beans jade and chutney amber How can seed and soil and sunshine yield so much? We sit outside, watching the firefly night, and wonder. Now the Underwood is blinking and glaring, the telephone is ringing, and a man is coming out from Culpeper to fix the TV sets If there’s an editorial point rn all this. maybe it’s a point of perspective. Sometimes it is more important, truly it is, to search through a stubbled field for a combine part, feeling the summer sun and finding meaning in a bird s nest, than to search through the day’s dreary news for the meaning of Watergate Washington Those baby swallows are pure innocence. So is the puppy Piper Maybe Nixon and Brezhnev should take a nice vacation,.too Washington Star Syndicate By louis Harris The Harris Survey VICE-PRESIDENT Gerald Ford has widened his lead as tilt* preferred choice of Republicans and independents to bt* the Republican nominee for President iii NTH Despite tin' difficulties he has encountered in performing a balancing act between demonstrating his loyalty to President Nixon, and at the same time proving to people that "he is his own man," Mr. Ford has managed to capture the imagination and support of a substantial number of American people Here are the latest standings in the NTH GOP presidential contest from a recent Harris Survey asked of a national cross-section of HTS Republicans and independents. These potential voters were asked "Here is a list of some of the people who hove been mentioned as possible candidates for President of the Republican ticket in 1976 (Hand respondent card.) It you had to choose right now, who would be your first choice for the Republican nomination for President in 1976?" While Vice-president Ford has pu ked up two points since March, Gov . Ronald Reagan has slipped two points, Nelson Rockefeller, three, and Sen Charles Percy and John Connally have each dropped one point Sen Howard Baker, who catapulted to national prominence as vice chairman of the I S senate Watergate committee, has dropped from lit to H percent as the No I choice of Republicans and independents since the senate hearings went off television Sen Lowell Weicker, also prominent in the Watergate hearings, has not boon able to muster more than 2 percent support. One of the reasons why Gerald Ford has remained on top among potential Republican nominees for NTH is the favorable exposure he has received from his constant travels around th** country This was evident in a series of projective questions the Harris Survey asked a full cross-section cd’ 1,413 adults surveyed from June 1-4: "Let me read you some statements which have June 74 March N Nov. 74 been made about Vice-president Ford For each, 'N tell me if you tend to agree or disagree (Read Vie* president Gerald Ford 23 21 21 statements.)" Gov Ronald Reagan 15 17 16 Not Nelson Rockefeller IO 13 6 Agree Disagree sure Sen. Charles Percy 9 IO 11 Positive: ° * John Connally 8 9 9 He is a mon of high integrity 29 Sen Howard Baker 6 7 IO June 63 8 Elliot Richardson 4 3 4 May 67 6 27 Sen. James Buckley 3 3 2 He seems to be trying to be independent and to be Sen Robert Taft ____ 2 I 2 his own man," which is good. Sen Lowell Weicker 2 2 I June 58 19 23 None or Not sure 18 14 18 May 58 19 23 Not A(jrCP Disagree Sure He is gaining much experience which will help him if he bos ta take over as President. June    60    19    21 May    63    16    21 Negative He is too much of an apologist for President Nixon on Watergate June    46    33    21 May    43    34    23 He is going around the country so fast, it looks as ♦hough he is running for the office of President right now June    44    3t    25 May    36    35    29 He does not seem to be very smart about the issues the country is facing June    32    33    35 May    26    36    38 Basically, Vue president Ford is communicating the two essential qualities that are bed nu k for public men these days: (I) He is known as being a man of high integrity, and (2) he is felt ti* he “his own man.’” independent in his own right On byth counts, Mr Ford’s reputation continues to hold up The criticism is rising, however, on two other scores, either of which could ultimately damage the vice-president’s credibility The number of people critical of him for “being too much of an apologist for President Nixon on Watergate" has risen in the past month So have the complaints that he is traveling too much around tin' country and that he "looks as though he is run lung for the office of President right now.” Mr Ford has been visiting Republican party and other convention functions at an almost nonstop rate since he was confirmed for the office last December While his political standing is holding up. Vice-president Ford’s over-all rating continues to remain positive, but by a narrow cr margin than was the case in May The cross section of the entire public was asked How would you rat* th* job Vice President Gerald Ford is doing — excelled , pretty good, only fair, or poor?" Post Neon Not tive five Sure June, 1974 41 37 22 May 43 32 25 March 37 32 31 Although It IS ( i'vident that he has to work hard to keep public reaction on the* favorable side, Vice-president Ford has been alite to maintain a narrow positive edge. And the troubles that have surrounded his boss, President Nixon, have not enveloped him tip to now. In turn, his ability to stay balanced on this tightrope he now treads has projected him as the man to beat for the Republican nomination for President in NTH. Chicogo Tribune New York News Svndicofe Revenue sharing: Should congress tighten its controls? By Congressional Quarterly WASHINGTON — Ia*ss than two years after the first checks went out to state and local governments, the federal revenue sharing program may be in political trouble in congress. Never fully embraced by congressional Democrats, revenue sharing "will be in The Arguments for some rough sledding when it conies up for renewal in the next congress,” warns Sen. Kdmund S. Muskie, the Maine Democrat who helped devise the program in 1972. While about $13 billion of the $311 billion that congress set aside for revenue sharing has been disbursed. Democratic critics already are finding grounds for restructuring, if not abandoning, the program designed to strengthen the financial positions of state and local governments throughout the nation. With the program due to end after NTH, congress is expected to consider renewal legislation in 1975 Since state and local officials and the Nixon administrationYES AS IMPLEMENTED by the Nixon administration and by state and local officials, revenue sharing has not served the purpose assigned it by congress: To give state and local governments more money to use in solving social problems that affect the entire nation. While congress intended that revenue sharing funds would supplement federal grants to state and local governments, the administration undermined the program in its 1973 federal budget by tnng to curtail categorical programs providing federal assistance for specific purposes. "Revenue sharing money was advertised by the administration as new money, more money to give budget relief to state and local governments," Muskie told ( Q "Then last year they were asked to use revenue sharing funds as a substitute for categorical programs.” And as tentative studies reveal, state and local governments were not using the bulk of their revenue sharing funds to bolster their efforts to solve social problems. Richard P Nathan, director of a Brookings Institution study of revenue sharing, points out that ‘‘significant amounts of these funds have been used — not for new spending — but to cut taxes, hold down taxes, balance the budget, or avoid borrowing which otherwise would have been undertaken." In spending their revenue sharing funds, moreover, state and local governments have tended to put the money into one-shot investments in new buildings and facilities, including golf courses and swimming pools, rather than in continuing programs to help the disadvantaged Local governments “arc almost totally ignoring the needs of three of the neediest groups in our society . The handicapped, children and the elderly," Rep John Brademas, an Indiana Democrat, charges. "These are not the groups with the greatest political influence at the local or state level,” Brademas says, “and it ought therefore not to be surprising that they see so little of the benefits of revenue sharing ’’ As Brademas sees it, one basic problem “with revenue sharing is accountability," he told < Q "How do you know what you’re getting . . . when you use a system that cuts the link between those who must vote the taxes to those responsible for spending the money?”People s forum In the dark To the Editor: It has been several weeks since Henry Kissinger returned with his armed truce in the Middle East, and I believe it is long overdue that the people and the congress were told the complete terms of the disengagement At the time of the worldwide military alert Mr. Kissinger asked the countrv tit accept on faith the reason for the alert Ik said he would explain it in the near The Gazette's opinion Fewer strings, not more NOTHING ails revenue sharing that can’t be cured by letting it work as it was intended to work. New and more restrictive federal controls on what local agencies can do with the money are not a needed answer now. When the program cleared congress in 1972, President Nixon said flatly that it would “mean lower property taxes or lower sales taxes or lower income taxes than would otherwise have been the case.” That clearly meant — and everyone at the receiving end construed it to mean from the outset — that revenue sharing money could go for practically any legal purpose that local tax money goes for already. Where the program went astray was in the President’s unexpected impoundment of federal funds for other uses — the categorical grants. Revenue sharing money suddenly had to take up part of the slack from that, and it proved to be less of a load-easing help at the down-home level than hoped or intended. Initially, the concept gave to local governments a relatively free hand in their use of the money from Washington. In essence that was what made the program new, attractive and intelligent. The criticism by some legislators that local uses have not done enough to answer social needs — for children, handicapped and elderly persons — imposes personal priorities on what were meant as open opportunities. To honor these priorities through new controls would change the whole approach, go back to an old one and turn “revenue sharing’’ into meaningless words. The problem that developed out of categorical aid’s impoundment will be solved, presumably, through legislation (now awaiting signature) to crimp the presidential power that led to this trouble. Congress still has power to effectuate its own priorities for local spending through whatever categorical aid programs it sees fit to fund. Accordingly, revenue sharing should enter a new cycle of service with its original aims intact, without a regressive burden of second-thought controls. Cutting property taxes, holding them down, balancing the budget, avoiding borrowing which otherwise would have to be arranged — all these are proper and legitimate on local say-so alone. A fact too easily forgotten is that even though the money comes from Washington. it got there in the first place out of local pockets in the form of taxes to a heavily demanding federal establishment. The answer to concerns about accountability — to how you gauge your money’s worth when a system “cuts the link between those who must vote the taxes to those responsible for spending the money” — is simply: By keeping a strong link between those who PAY the taxes and those who spend them, locally. firmly support tho program, congress will be under pressure to extend it beyond NTH But if it is extended, Democrats will press for greater congressional control over how the money is spent. Should congress enact firmer restrictions on how state and local governments use general revenue sharing funds? Both sides’ viewpoints follow. The ArgumentsNO future. This he has failed to do Why? Suspicions that it was a political move by the President to distract the attention of the people from Watergate could be accurate With so many Americans losing faith in the government, it is imperative that we learn the terms of the truce. A great many Americans don’t seem to tare whether the President is guilty or not as long as he succeeds in foreign policy In my opinion, his recent trips are part of his impeachment politics Nothing makes corruption acceptable. Mrs M K Lunk 11 ll    n    I    lilt    kl    w    I    et    ut    t    S.    I*'Coe repertory To the Editor Following your full page feature in the Sunday, June 30, edition on Coe’s summer theater, we looked forward to attending the repertory theater productions We were well rewarded with an entertaining evening. The Dows Fine Arts center’s theater literally sets the stage for a good per for malice with personal warmth and an interesting shape and scale It seemed acoustically perfect, performers’ words IN THEIR I SE of revenue sharing funds, state and local governments have demonstrated the wisdom of a program designed to give officials closest to the people the money needed to solve their problems. As a result, the federal system of government has been improved. When the program was enacted. "Congress clearly intended that one of the primary objectives of revenue sharing was to alleviate the pressures on the local property tax.” New Orleans Mayor Moon Landrieu contends. "This objective is being met.” While revenue sharing has helped keep property taxes from going up, landrieu adds, “actual tax reductions or tax rebating is a rare phenomenon.” In most cases, revenue sharing has helped local governments to hold their own without increasing the property tax burden on local taxpayers. When the program first started, state and local governments did devote most of their revenue sharing funds to new buildings and facilities But rather than a failure to follow the intent of congress, such spending reflected expected problems in blending the new money into state and local budgets. For one thing-, when the first checks arrived it was easier to spend the money on building projects than to work it into operating budgets that already had been prepared, For another, officials were reluctant to use the funds to step up ongoing programs that would continue after NTH since they had no assurance that congress would extend revenue sharing beyond that year The frivolous'’ uses of funds on swimming pools and similar projects “constitute a . . . minute portion of over all revenue sharing expenditures.” Landrieu argues Such projects "may in fact he meeting the priority needs of the community, as represented by community groups through local citizen participation.” In any event, efforts by congress to dictate to state and local officials how revenue sharing funds should be used would undermine the purpose of the program Instead of ending the program or putting strings on use of the funds, congress should make revenue sharing a permanent part of the federal budget. were clear even w hen spoken in low tones and perhaps away from the audience This group of young college students should Im* highly complimented for their professional talents While a repertory theater group offers a performance variety which is stimulating for any city, it is more demanding and challenging for the actors We applaud them and feel it is a privilege to attend such productions in so fine a setting Lorraine L Sparling 32IK Terry drive SE. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette