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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 20, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ■WWWW w    *mm$    I    • I    I    ll    ll    lf    ll€(‘rfrtt RnpWs ®a3f+4f Arab oil pinch: a backhand boost tor u.o. Editorial Page Sunday, January 20, 1974 Iowa in healthy shape WHENEVER the governor of any stale finds enough surplus money in the till to recommend repeal of a tax, without the need for another tax to replace lost revenue, that state is in excellent economic health — temporarily at least. So it is with Iowa, according to r Governor Ray, in asking the legislature to remove the 3 percent state sales tax from food and prescription drugs, lf the legislature follows through (and there is little doubt that it will), the $31 million saving to taxpayers will be absorbed initially by that much of a conservatively estimated surplus of some $150 million. The call for tax repeal was a surprise element the governor in-f jected into his speech at the last | minute, after making certain [ there would be enough money on | hand to afford it. It is a welcome , surprise to all Iowans, too, although there is reason to believe | low-income families might have been helped more through a sales-tax refund route, even with i its complications. J If that route had been followed, it might have opened the way for ‘ lifting some of the income tax burden from middle-income' I families in the $8,000 to $13,000 bracket. This could follow from an equalizing of the standard deduction allowable on state and federal income tax returns. But that’s another story. In any case the governor deserves commendation for his action and for having the courage, in this election year, to lay down a whopping program for the legislature to enact in what is supposed to be the general assembly’s short session. It would have been easy for the governor to call for tax repeal and for putting the rest of the money into a rainy-day fund. Instead he rightly took advantage of the opportunity to recommend that the legislature use some more of the surplus to do certain things — 43 more things to be exact — that have been put off too long due to lack of funds in the past. These items include using $35.5 million to raise salaries of public •employes; $2.5 million to increase aid to dependent children; $2.8 million to meet nonpayroll inflationary costs; $2 million to increase Medicaid grants; $8 million to eliminate, a year ahead of schedule, the IO percent annual millage decrease from the school foundation plan to effect a property tax saving in 54 districts; $7.5 million for long-overdue conservation projects; $2.9 million to finance expansion of educational television on a statewide basis; $5.5 million for a research coal mine; approximately $26 millionPresident cites Speer for new buildings, and $3.5 million to cover federal fund losses in health sciences. The governor also made provisions to insure no loss of care or funding for old-age-assistance recipients adversely affected by the federal takeover of the old-age benefit program. Wisely, too, he honored the sound policy of putting aside some money for another day. His proposed budget would leave $B4 million in the treasury above expenses at the end of this biennium, June 30, 1975. Creation of a new department of transportation, enactment of a 55-m.p.h. speed limit, adoption of a criminal code revision act and of a land use policy, are other worthwhile items among the governor’s proposals. Finally, he came to grips with a subject weighing heavily on minds of Iowans and all Americans today: How much trust and confidence can we place in our public officials today? Iowans, he said, have one major overriding concern about their government at all levels: “If you were to say it is taxes, you would be wrong — though, indeed, this is a big concern. The issues of energy, inflation, environment, drug abuse, law enforcement, education and human rights are all extremely important. But none of these, as much as they deserve our attention, can be said to be number one in the minds of our people. When it comes to government, the issue most concerning our people today involves the basic element of trust and confidence.’’ He reminded legislators that the same constitution which requires the governor to deliver a condi-tion-of-the-state message contains an article dealing with the legislature that reads in part: “The doors of each house shall be open ...” “There is much more than a literal meaning in this section,” he concluded. “It tells us our forefathers understood straightforwardness, sincerity and openness. Today these qualities are more needed than ever.” Well said, Governor, well said.Newcomers IN A TALK here recently, prophetess Jeane Dixon told a Collins Radio audience that it would “be surprised by the people who will move to Cedar Rapids” as the city’s growth goes on. Now there’s a speculative thought. Howard Hughes? . . . Nazi-praise startles By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON — One apparent sign of the heavy pressures on President Nixon came, to the astonishment of administration officials, at a high-level energy crisis meeting in the cabinet room just before Christmas when Mr. Nixon glowingly referred to Hitler Germany’s sensational war production techniques during World war II Turning to energy czar William K. Simon, the President said he wanted Simon to cut corners, demolish red tape and ride roughshod over the bureaucracy to get his energy program moving. He then advised his audience to read Albert Speer’s “Inside the Third Reich”, particularly the description of how Speer as arms production boss had kept < herman war production at peak levels even during the worst of the allied bombing of Germany. Some present felt the President was saying, in effect: I want Bill Simon to be my Albert Speer. The reaction of some of those listening to Mr. Nixon in the cabinet room that day bordered on shock. Worse than that, some of the President’s official family felt that the easy praise for convicted war criminal Speer’s industrial mobilization of Nazi Germany was slightly ominous An enduring rule in American politics EVANS NOVAK has long stigmatized praise for any aspect of Hitler Germany in American political rhetoric Th© fact that Mr. Nixon could so easily, and without self-consciousness, break that rule in the bosom of his official family was chilling. It was also indicative of the tremendous strain Mr. Nixon is now operating under. A footnote: In a far different political lapse in late November the President made an extraordinary mistake. Signing the Alaska pipeline bill, the President said the first pen should go “to the senior senator from Alaska, Mike Gravel. Democrat Gravers colleague, Republican Ted Stevens, the senior senator from Alaska, was visibly upset but managed to retrieve the first pen from an embarrassed President. It was the kind of mistake rarely made by a President who prides himself on being master of political minutia publisher * Holt Syndical# By Norman Cousins Tt IS HARD to imagine a more favors * blo development in the long run for the American economy than the oil-energy crisis Without realizing it. the Arabs have provided a prodigious boost to the lh S. economic position, both at home and in the world So far, the American people have viewed the oil shortage largely in terms of their difficulties in getting from one place to another, or in heating their homes, or in the reduced supply of the various forms of merchandise. This is understandable; people tend to judge events by the way their own lives are affected. Hut the prospects of the American economy, far from being weakened by the energy crisis, have been greatly improved. Perhaps the best way to understand this paradox is to examine America’s economic position in relationship to Japan. For the past decade, Japan has been knocking the stuffings out of the United States in the sale of industrial merchandise, synthetic fibers and commodity chemicals in the international marketplace. In country after country, Japan has been able to outsell us in automobiles, TV sets, phonographs, calculators, computers, business machines and all sorts of sophisticated electronics equipment. Japan has become something of a forcing-house for Industrial production Government policy has favored manufacturing iii every particular, all the way front taxation to comparatively ‘ , "J! egulations Several years ago, for example, when a reees sioti threatened the Japanese economy, iron and stool companies were allowed to fix prices and operate as cartels. Japanese wages, as is well-known, are far under U. S. wage st ales. F.von when we give Japanese industry high marks for expertise, initiative and drive, the fact remains that its low labor costs are a powerful factor in its ability to undercut the United States not just in the world market but inside the United States itself Meanwhile, Japan has been pursuing a ehain-rcaction effect in the economic sector. Not only has she been disadvantaging the economies of other countries by lier pricing policies, but she has been using her accumulated capital to acquire vast landholdings abroad, as in Canada, and to obtain important positions in the stock ownership of foreign companies. The result is that Japan is able to combine political leverage along with her economic power. One of the principal reasons for the U. S. decision to devalue the dollar was to reduce Japan’s competitive advantage. In the past year, devaluation has been working. The Japanese yen has stopped soaring in relationship to the dollar. America has been increasing its share of the world market. Our adverse balanee- Norman Cousins of-trade trend al long last has been shifting favorably. The world oil shortage could not havp hit Japan at a worse time from lls own standpoint. Instead of boing able to meet peak orders for merchandise from all over the world, Japan has been forced to cut back sharply in industrial production. The fact that Japan knuckled under to Arab threats and changed its foreign policy in order to get off the Arab blacklist has not solved Japan’s economic problem. The sharp hike in the price of Arab oil still applies to Japan. Its oil bill will be $15 billion in 1974 compared to $7 billion last year. Recently, the Japanese government, confronted with low oil reserves, put through a 15 percent cut in oil and electricity. Little wonder that Japanese money traders have been rushing to exchange yen for dollars. What has happened to Japan is also happening, although to a lesser extent, to West Germany and other industrial na- One small step for the planet, giant step for Iowa People's forumBacks U. N. To the Editor: A letter published last Dec. 29 alleged that the U. N. was conceived and has been controlled by communists, and that, therefore, “responsible” Americans should want the U. S. to get out. The letter contained nine paragraphs of quotations or assertions. The general nature of the argument was that because someone who approved or supported the I. N. was a communist, this proves the U. N. itself was conceived and dominated by communists. For example, the writer quoted Fail Browder, a prominent American communist, as saying: “The American communists worked energetically and tirelessly to lay the foundation for the U. N., which we were sure would come into existence.” The implication is that because Earl Browder and his tiny band of American communists supported the establishment of the U. N. it was in fact established for that reason rather than because political leaders of both parties and their constituents also strongly supported and worked for its establishment. A further implication is that if the leaders and populace of this country did support the U. N., it was somehow because they were dujn'd by the communist conspiracy. The space requirements of your letters column do not permit refutation of this sort of argument in any detail, but for one quick shot: The United States senate ratified the U. N. charter with but one or two dissenting votes. The senate was not made up of people who were either influenced by or unaware of communist aims. The contention of communist domination of the U N. is demonstrably false. The fact Is that Russia and the communist bloc were reluctantly dragged into the U. N. and worked for years to avoid its actions and sabotage its effectiveness. Russia tried to do away with the office of the secretary-general and vetoed well over a hundred Security Council resolutions before the U. S. cast its first veto but a few years ago. These actions speak louder than words as evidence of “whose side” the U. N. has been on to date The letter writer made one point that cannot be denied; There are communist nations in the U. N. and there are communists among its employes In the secretariat. In an assemblage of the nations of the world as now exist this is inevitable But why should it be cause for our abandoning the U. N. and converting it into a communist tool, rather than working harder than we have to continue its role as an effective spokesman for the principles we embrace rather than those we disavow? IV. R Shuttleworth, secretary Iowa Division, United Nations Assn. 2403 Indian Hill road SF "nm They have l>«" WI far harder l».v ll,,. Arab embargo and (he price hike than Hic United States balking beyond the emergency phase of the present economic crisis, the I inned Stales is in a far better position to strengthen its long term economic prospects than Japan or its other principal competitors When the new small cars come off Hie Detroit assembly lines, for example, they will he attractively priced alongside the dwindling imports from Japan and West Germany, both of which will cither have to put through sharp increases iii price or add to the serious strain In their domestic economies Another effect of the Arab oil squeeze will be a more competitive situation for Japan than so far it has had to sustain inside the United States. Up to now, Japan has been taking billions of dollars out of the American economy. It will still be a powerful factor iii the IL S market but will no longer have such strong advantages against American manufacturers. The Improved position of the United States with respect to Japan will also he true to varying degrees In our competitive relationship wit ii the nations of Western Europe. The Arabs didn’t intend it to work out this way, but they may well have saved the United States from a major depression. toy Angel** Tim** Syndical* deems necessary. This is set up on a contract written years ago and signed by all parties concerned. Iowa City has l>een a great asset to our association and will continue to be in the future. Iowa City is not supposed to cover rural fires. The main reason in the past has been the water-carrying capacity on Iowa City trucks. They pump off of city fire hydrants. The county association has never expected them to handle our fires in the rural areas. If there was a rail when life was involved, Iowa City or any other fire department with the shortest distance would go, whether it be rural or city. Iowa City has responded twice in the last year to rural areas for car accidents because life was Involved as well as fire. arid has gone to Coralville on mutual ald calls, just as other departments have gone to Iowa City on these calls At present the Johnson county sheriffs office handles some of the fire calls. If a call is made to Iowa City for a rural area. it takes about five seconds to report it to Johnson county and the proper department is notified. All fire radio systems of Johnson county use the same radio band and base station for rural areas, handled by Johnson county. Iowa City is on the same band . . . We feel that the recent letter in The Gazette Is unjustified because the person did not realize how our mutual aid system works. As for the Johnson County Mutual Aid Assn., we would like to thank the Iowa City fire department for the help and leadership it has displayed in our county association. Russell I). Slade, President Johnson County Mutual Ald Assn , CoralvilleCar pools? To the Editor: As a public service in keeping with the spirit of energy conservation, I suggest that The Gazette could do its part by having a no-cost column listing car-pooI rides wanted arid rides available in the Cedar Rapids area. Dan R Sc h rn ll z Hiawatha Someone waiting, unseen Incredibly, man reaches outFire System To the Editor: . . . After a recent trailer house fire east of Iowa City, a letter appeared In The Gazette condemning the Iowa City fire department for not responding to the fire. Our Johnson County Mutual Ald Assn. Is one of the best In Iowa. It includes two departments Just outside our county (West Branch and Riverside). Each fire department has a territory which is covered by taxation to pay for the expense of fire equipment for their protection. Our mutual aid system is set up so that if any department needs help in its home town, it can (all all of the other fire departments and get fire trucks, tankers, manpower, etc., as the local fire chief By Marquis Childs MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. - For an escapee from the muddied, muddled, quarrelsome atmosphere of Washington it Is an adventure to come here to NASA’s Ames research center. The journey into space being directed from the center is thrilling evidence of America’s scientific and technological leadership. It is a strength which, if sustained, can transcend the political frailties and foibles of the moment. The spacecraft Pioneer IO has been traveling for 21 months. Bassing within 82 IKK) miles of the planet Jupiter only one minute off schedule, Pioneer sent back a mass of data about that huge ball of rotating gas with its radiation licit at least a hundred times greater than the Van Allen belt around the earth While this was Pioneer’s primary goal, It is traveling on in space with four more years of communication from a distance calculated to Im* close to two billion miles. Two years from now Pioneer will be* passing Saturn, which is twice* as far from the earth as Jupiter Nor is that the end of the Journey. At one stage Pioneer will be passing Pluto, farthest-out of the planets in the* solar system. Then for anyone interested In far-out statistics for pioneer traveling at IO miles tier second, it is 8 million light years to Taurus. Project manager Charles Hall reports this in all seriousness. In the frictionless atmosphere of outer space Pioneer can continue, if not with its own nuclear power then with Interplanetary pulls, ad infinitum. Bart of NASA’s mission under the charter is to explore the potential of intelligent beings living on other planets. The project science* direct or, Dr. John ll Wolfe, believes that, in the galaxy of the* Milky Way with its millions of stars, be*. lugs far superior to earthlings may live with techniques of communication capable of spanning the light years of interstellar space A distinguished physicist iii the complex field of plasma physics, Wolfe believes strongly in NASA’s role iii searching out other life. Iii this time of tight money and demands for federal help from every side*, the skeptics ask: Why spend millions on this fanciful bit? Wolfe* has an answer. One of his spec ialties is the study of solar winds He sees this as a vast laboratory related to thermonuclear fusion and thereby advancing the* day when the stuff iii a hydrogen explosion can be controlled. That will release unlimited stores of energy. Whether it comes in IO years or RH) years Is anyone s guess, according to Wolfe. Aside from any practical contribution, Pioneer is a great scientific achievement. It is the only spacecraft, except possibly for highly experimental military satellite's, known to run on nuclear power. Four radioisotope thermoelectric generators developed by the Atomic Energy Commission provided 141) watts at Jupiter and should provide more than UNI watts five ye ars after launch Pioneer ll. with a different approach to Jupiter, will be launched in April. Already on the drawing boards is Viking, designed to land on Mars arid equipped to st*ex)p up Martian soil. analyze it and send the results back to earth, giving clues as to whether life at any level can exist. Beyond that is a manned landing on Mars or perhaps on one of the satellites of Jupiter — Ganymede or Callisto — where there is a solid base I lie scientific brains that have gone Into the Pioneer project are one of America’s greatest resources. They un dendrite the technologleal scientific lead Ilia! is perhaps this country's greatest asset The momentum must be maintained if our rivals the Russians, the Germans, the Japanese — are not to overtake and pass us by. Unilirt »totur* ftyntfltcl* ;

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