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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 21, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Cloudy through Tues- day. Chance at snow tonight, Tuesday. Lows tonight mid to upper 20s. Highs Tuesday mid 20s. VOLUMK 92 NUMBER 12 CITY FINAL 10 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, JANUARY 21, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES PREGNANCY RULE AXED Oil Chiefs Accused of Cheating U.S. Public Helicopter Rescue TelEpholo A rescue helicopter hovers over John North of Thousand Oaks, Calif., who was injured Sunday when heavy surf capsized his fifteen foot sailboat at the Ventura marina. North's companion on the craft, William Harris Hastings of Canoga Park, Calif., died in the accident. 4 Papers Proving Dean Lied Kept Secret, Sources Say WASHINGTON (AP) De- tailed White House transcripts refuting charges by John Dean that President Nixon knew of the Watergate cover-up were prepared but never released, an informed source Bias disclosed. The source, who said he has read the transcript based on secret presidential tapes, said the White House had planned to release them as part of "Oper- ation Candor" but later decided against making them public. The source added, however, that the transcripts cover ma- terial available to the Watergate grand juries and could form the basis for perjury charges against Dean, the former White House (counsel turned prime presidential accuser. When Dean pled guilty last October to a single conspiracy Gazette Leased Wires WASHINGTON Herbert Porter, a former official of President Nixon's re-election committee, Monday was charged by the special Watergate prose- cutor with lying to the FBI about (he Watergate breakin. Porter's attorney, Charles Murray, said his client intends to plead guilty. Speaking to reporters before his court session, Porter said: "I'm a much happier person now, doing what I'm doing getting away from that kind of existence." Porter, 35, waived his right lo have his case submitted lo a grand jury. Porter, former scheduling director (for the re-election told the senate Wa- tergate committee last summer that he had lied lo the FBI, the federal grand jury and at the original Wntcrgntc trial. The federal charge snys that on July 10, 1972, Porter "did knowingly and willfully make false, fictitious and fraudulent .statements and representations to agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation." The charge carries n max- imum penally of five years in prison and a fine. charge in return for information about the Watergate cover-up, the special prosecutor's office left open the possibility of fu- ture prosecution for perjury. No Comment The White- House declined comment Sunday on the matter. Neither Dean nor his lawyers were available for comment. Specifically the source said, the transcripts he read disprove Dean's claim that his conversa- tions with Nixon show the Presi- dent was aware of the Water- gate cover-up before the March 21, 1973, date on which Nixon says he learned of it. They show that conversa- tions Dean said tool; place on different dates between Sept. 15, 1972, and March 21, 1973, all took place on the latter date, the source explained. The source said the former White House counsel apparently was tripped up by the fact that, unknown to him when they oc- curred or when he testified, the conversations were being taped by the secret presidential re- cording system. Why? A primary reason for deciding against release of the tran- scripts was that fear that such action could trigger demands for further disclosures, the source said. He said these de- mands would jeopardize the con- fidentiality that Nixon and his top aides have insisted should be maintained. He also said thai another rea- son was fear that publication of the transcripts, and widespread comment on them, could jeo- pardize successful prosecution of some of the Watergate-related indictments expected to be brought shortly by special pros- ecutor Leon .laworski. The siiiirce disclosed exist- ence of the transcripts nftcr Senate Republican Lender Send said on nationwide tele- vision he .had Information Hint could 'clear Nixon of Water- gate wrongdoing hut that the While House wis unwilling lo make, it public. Appearing on the CBS radio- television program, "Knee 1hc Ihc Pennsylvania Re- publican said lie has been un- able lo "break through Iho shell of advisers" sin'rounding Nixon who have urged the President to halt Watergate disclosures. Asked why the whom he declined to identify, had taken this position, Scott said, "God knows. They would help themselves if they told the public some of the things I know." Senale Hearings The senate Watergate com- mittee is 'expected to decide this week whether it will hold further public hearings on the Watergate scandal. The com- mittee's alternative was to write its final report and disband. Chairman Sam Ervin (D-N.C.) has said the hearings Would re- sume Jan. 29, but the majority of the seven-member committee reportedly is undecided whether to continue. Expected to join with Ervin in. seeking resumption were Sena- tors Joseph Montoya (D-N.M) and Herman Talmadge The committee's other Demo- crat, Daniel Inouye of Hawaii is waiting for a report on staff in- vestigations before making up his mind, his aides say. Of the committee's three Re- publicans, Tennessee's Howard Baker, the vice-chairman, and Lowell Weicker, of Connecticut would like to see the commit- tee's work completed. Sen. Ed- ward Gurney of Florida has publicly opposed the hearings for months. Chief counsel Samuel Dash has insisted that significant new information his staff has un- covered on campaign contribu- tions justifies ,1 new round of hearings. Privately, however, some of Hie senators have said they will have lo be convinced at a Wednesday meeting of the need for the panel to reconvene. Killer Avalanches VIENNA (AP) Six bodies were found and 13 persons were missing following avalanches in the Tatra mountains of Czecho- slovakia, the Czechoslovak news agency reported Monday. Chuckle Customer in supermarket: "Give me 20 cents' worlh of potatoes, please." Clerk; "Why don't, you lake a whole Cniiyrluhl Denies Saigon Asked For Help in Island Baffle Gaze'te Leased Wires SAIGON U.S. officials turned down a South Vietnam- ese request last weekend to send ships and helicopters to evacuate beleaguered Vietnam- ese troops under fire from Chin- ese forces in the Paracel is- lands, government military sources said Monday. But the informants said that U.S. planes flew reconnaissance missions over the islands Mon- Ten Laws as a Cedar Rapids News- Linn County Atty. William Faches is proposing ten state laws as a result of activities of police criticized in a report he made last month following an investigation o f the Cedar Rapids police department. Other proposed legislation sent by Faches Monday to legis- lators whose districts arc in or partially in Linn county would :nake the penalties for assault- ing peace officers and public.of- ficials more severe than for as- saults on others. Three of the proposed laws would make it a criminal of- to deprive or conspire to deprive anyone of a state or fed- eral constitutional right. Probe Result After interviewing 55 wit- icssos under oath for six days over a p c r i o d of several nonlhs Faches said there was evidence that police deprived icople of their constitutional rights. Specifically, he said, wit- icsses told about brcakins con- ducted without search warrants while seeking evidence and electronic eavesdropping o n conversations between suspects and their attorneys at po- icc hendqaurlers. Two of the proposed constitu- tional rights statutes are based on federal statutes. Intimidation The first would make it illegal to conspire lo injure or intimi- date any citizen in the free exer- cise of any constitutional right. I'he second forbids deprivation if such rights under color of (Continued Page 3, Col. 3) day at the request of the Soutl Vietnamese government. A Pentagon spokesman Mon day denied that the U.S. was asked for help and said that no reconnaissance flights were made over the islands. The South Vietnamese were unable to evacuate the islands themselves and 150 Vietnamese and one American were killec or captured by the Communists in the two-day war Saturday and Sunday when the Chinese used Migs, naval vessels anc amphibious troops lo overrun the islands. Vietnamese military officers said the American was sta- tioned with a four-man Saigon meteorological team on Robert island in the bleak, South China sea archipelago which is 200 miles off the South Vietnam coast and 200 miles south of China's Hainan island, but is claimed by both. Flatly Rejected The military sources said South Vietnamese officials in Saigon asked U.S. Ambassador Graham Martin to request ships and helicopters of the U.S. 7th fleet to conduct a rescue mis- sion on the three islands before they- were overrun by the Chi- nese. Martin turned down the re quest flatly, the sources said. It was not clear whether he jonsulted with officials in Wash inglon first, or whether he had already received orders to re- fuse American military help in the battle for the Paracels. The decision to refuse to send American ships and helicopter; to I he rescue in the Paracels archipelago reflected an official statement by the U.S. slate de- partment that Washington did lot intend to take sides in the dispute. Concede Defeat The South Vietnamese govern- ment has conceded military vie- lory to China but called for an emergency meeting of the Unit- 5d Nations Security Council lo >lcad its case. Foreign Minister Vuong Van B a c sent Secretary-General Waldheim a note asking lhat the matter be put before ho council. Nguyen Hun Chi, ?oulh Vietnam's observer at J.N. headquarters in New York, irrangcd a meeting with Gonza- (ConlinuedTPagTToT Col. 3.) WASHINGTON (AP) Oili company executives appearing icforc a senate panel investigat- ng the severity of. the energy crisis were accused Monday of ''cheating the American pub- lic." The charges were made in an opening statement by Sen. Abraham Ribicoff (D-Conn.) of Hie senate permanent investiga- tions subcommitlce. A statement submitted under oath by Roy Baze, senior vice- president for Exxon, the country's largest oil firm, flatly rejected the charges. Exxon "has not fabricated or contrived to bring about the cur- rent tight energy supply situa- Baze said. "The petrole- um companies have made major efforts to prevent the shortage from he said. "Fright and Panic" Ribicoff had accused the com- panies of using the "fright and panic" triggered by reports of severe fuel shortages "to squeeze out the small indepen- dent and of using the sharp increases in the price of foreign oil to push up the price of domestic oil. Ribicoff called for a price freeze on petroleum products until the severity of the short- age can be determined. Ribicoff also said'it was time to cut off tax breaks which he said the oil companies were using to "de- prive the American treasury of approximately billion a year." Ribicoff said the oil firms had misled federal energy chief Wil Ham Simon as to' the severity o the shortages Subcommittee Chairman Henry Jackson (D-Wash.) saic that some of the information the companies had submitted to his staff was evasive. Simon was scheduled to ap- pear before the panel Monday but subcommittee stafl members said he was out ol town and would be called to tes- tify at a later date. In another meeting in Wash- ington, President Nixon prom- ised officials of the Federal Energy Office and the Internal Revenue Service Monday what- ever support their inspection teams needed to audit major oil companies. "If you need several thousand (inspectors) you've got Nixon said. "You can have as many as you need but don't ask for more just to make a big show." Nixon met with John Sawhill, deputy director of the FEO; Wil- liam Walker. FEO general counsel; IRS Commissioner Don- ald Alexander and several other IRS officials to discuss the mon- itoring system. Ease Boycott? In the Middle East, the Iraqi news agency reported Sunday night that Saudi Arabia and some other Arab oil elates are expected to resume deliveries to he U. S., but oil industry sources in Beirut were generally skeptical of the report. The report was contained in in analysis from Cairo attribut- ed to observers in the Egyptian capital. Oil industry sources said it was based on speculation hat President Sadat would ask he oil states to end their em- >argocs and production cuts be- cause of the disengagement pact Secretary of State Kis- linger negotiated between Egypt and Israel. Skepticism about the report ivas heightened by the fact that he Iraqi news agency is owned )y the Iraqi government, and hat government refused to join n the restrictions on oil ship- ments the other Arab oil nations (Continued: Page 10, Col. 5.) Scott: Mid-East Pact Eases Way For Oil Accord WASHINGTON (AP) Sen- ate Republican leader Hugh Scott came from a White House jriefing by Secretary of State Kissinger Monday and said the "strongest to an agreement on lifting of the oi' embargo by the re- moved by the signing of, the Israeli-Egyptian agreement; The Pennsylvania senator also said that heiwas hopeful of "constructive progress" and perhaps "some early progress" in reaching somfc settlement between Israel and Syria. Kissinger and President Nixon were applauded at the bipar tisan congressional leadership meeting in the Cabinet room to hear a report'by Kissinger, jus returned from 11 days of diplo- matic negotiations. Scott said there were "no ..se- cret and that none were mentioned and "I don' believe any existed." He saic various assurances were given to both parties as the negotia- tion sessions went on, which he said led both parties to feel that security was better assured. Scott declined to give any predictions on when the oil embargo to the U. S. might be lifted. He said he hopes progress will continue and said, "the strongest blockade to an agreement on oil was removed by the signing of the agreement between Israel and Egypt." Kissinger, upon his return Monday, said he had made progress in getting talks startec Between Israel and Syria. "The most important le said, "is that my trip may Court Hits Teachers' Dismissal (Continued Page 3, Col. 8) State Auditor Asks Probe of Health Unit By Kristcllc Pcterseii DBS MOINES (UPI) State Auditor Lloyd Smith today rec- ommended that Iowa Attorney General Richard Turner inves- tigate alleged misuse of state funds in the state health depart- ment. Smith, in a special audit, said the misuse occurred when two employes in the department were paid before they actually reported for work. Case Cited Smith cited the case of Carson Whitlow of Richmond, Va., who was certified by current com- missioner Norman Pawlewski and put on the state payroll Oct. 16, 1973. The audit said Whitlow did not report for full-time work until Nov. 12, 1973, but was paid M.1SI for Ihe period from Oct. 16 to Nov. 15. If found guilty of the misuse of state funds, Pawlewski faces one year In prison, a fine 11- both, said Smith, who added that the offense also is ground; for removal from office. Richard Sydnes, the accoun- tant who conducted the audit, said, "It appears Pawlewski was a party to this. Whether Whitlow had accepted the post under the circumstances or not, we would not expect him to know Iowa law so he could be an innocent parly." Smith said he will forward the report to Turner and Gov. Rob- ert D. Ray for further consider- ation and action. The audit also cited the case of Dr. Guranangappha Bale, saying he was paid for a period that he was not at work. The report said Bale was cer- tified by former commissioner Dr. Arnold Reeve and placed on the payroll May 16, 1972, at an annual salary of Bale acknowledged in a letter lo Smith lhat he received pay ments from May 15 through (Continued: Page 10, Col. WASHINGTON (AP) The uprcme court Monday struck own regulations that force chool teachers off the job in he early months of pregnancy egardless of individual ability o continue work. The 7 to 2 decision reprcsent- d a victory for women's equal ights advocates. But the high ourt majority pointedly left pen the possibility that similar ules taking effect during the ast few weeks of pregnancy might be upheld. Fourth and Fifth The pregnancy'case involved ules from school systems in Ohio and forced iregnant school teachers lo eave the classroom at the ourth and fifth months of their iregnancy, respectively. The majority concluded "that neither the necessity for contin- uity of.instruction nor the state nterest in keeping physically unfit. teachers out of the classroom can. justify the sweeping mandatory leave reg- ulations that the Cleveland and Chesterfield. county (Va.) school joards have adopted." Writing for the majority, Jus- tice..Potter Stewart said that while the regulations "no doubt represent a. good-faith attempt 16 achieve a laudable goal, they cannot pass muster under the due "process'clause oE the Uth Amendment because they em- ploy irrebuttable presumptions that, unduly penalize a female .teacher for deciding to bear a One.question in.the case was whether the rule on pregnancy, constituted an impermissible classification on the basis of sex. Equal Protection The majority did not place its the equal pro- action clause of the 14th Amendment which could cou- rt e m n such discrimination. Rather, the majority said lhat arbilrary cutoffs of employment 'or pregnant teachers denies them due process of law. Stewart was joined by Jus- ;ices White, Marshall, Biackmun, Douglas, and Powell, ihief Justice Burger and Jus- ice Rhenquist dissented. Powell said he' agreed with he result but believed the case should have been decided on the question of equal protection. The majority, at the same ime, said school boards need not adopt an individualized de- ermination on the fitness of each individual pregnant teach- "We are not dealing in these cases with maternity leave reg- ulations requiring a termination of employment at some firm date during the last few.weeks of Stewart said. "We therefore have no oc- casion to decide whether such regulations might be justified >y considerations not presented n the he added. Retirement Rules In his dissent, Rehnquist said he majority may have endan- ;ered long-standing rules pro- viding mandatory retirement or government workers. If the (Continued Page 3, Col. 4) Today's Index Comics .....................17 Courthouse ..................3 Crossword ..................17 Daily Record................3 Deaths ......................3 Editorial Features...........B Farm ......................11 Financial ..................18 Marion ....................19 Movies.....................Ill Society Sports ...................13-15 State Television ..................10 Wanl Ads................M-2II ;