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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 1, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa rv ***■' .=■' {tftlur l\npuU (ftrtjf’H’f Editorial Page Turnday, January I, 1974 5k*‘ ‘So they were wrong about how close it would come, too' St Humanizing overdue "PyiUNKENNKSS no longer will be a crime in Iowa if the state legislature passes tho pm-posed uniform bill on alcoholism. The measure, a product of extensive brainstorming among interim house and senate committees, is given good chances for survival. Ample publicity has shown how the so-called decriminalization of alcoholism would foster a more humane attitude toward those afflicted, as well as improve the alcoholic’s recovery chances. Much less attention has been given the possible roles cities and towns might play in the establishment and support of detoxification centers. Because alcoholism falls mainly under state and county purview (as do most welfare-type efforts), Iowa municipalities generally withhold financial support from commissions on alcoholism. To spend local tax monies to fight alcoholism thus would mean double taxation for town residents. So goes the argument, anyway. Would passage of the bill on alcoholism make it easier for cities to participate in the rehabilitation effort? The question was put to Rep. Joan Lipsky (R-Cedar Rapids), a leading advocate of alcoholism reform legislation. If alcoholism were decriminalized, the first result obviously would be an end to police enforcement, said Mrs. Lipsky. Then cities might find it more appropriate to support detoxification facilities in lieu of the old-time police station drunk tank. Mrs. Lipsky said such support should go beyond the mere pumping of money into the effort. “Cities should become involved in some way such as detailing one or two persons for work and thus supporting alcoholism programs by salary.” An excellent suggestion—so good, in fact, that it should impress city officials who for years have rejected requests that they allocate state liquor tax refunds for alcoholism rehabilitation. (The Cedar Rapids city council is a charter member of the reluctant company.) Municipal support of detoxification facilities needn’t take a hefty portion of a city’s liquor tax return. But involvement nonetheless would be very visible, very positive and totally in concert w ith cities’ increasing involvement in so-called “people programs” (including urban renewal and housing). .bus the uniform bill on alcoholism would do more than diagnose heavy drinking as an illness. It would encourage a broadening of the campaign to further humanize treatment of alcoholics (while holding them still responsible for offenses beyond the -mere act of becoming inebriated). Clearly, the measure deserves the legislature’s support. Trouble with assuming OF ALL the canons of journalism, none pays larger rewards for fealty, or exacts heavier penalties for disobedience, than the intrinsic truth never assume anything. A dispute between AFL-CIO publications in Iowa and Texas reinforces the commandment. November’s issue of the Iowa AFL-CIO News carried a dump-Nixon editorial written in Archie Bunker-ese by the publication’s editor, Dick Greenwood. An unidentified photo of Carroll O’Connor, who portrays Bunker on TV, accompanied the unsigned editorial. Fred Cervelli, editor of the AFL-CIO Labor News in Texas, reprinted the editorial, adding O’Connor’s byline. “It had his (O’Connor’s) picture, so I assumed that he had written it,’’ Cervelli said. He accepted part of the blame, laying the rest on his Iowa counterpart for what he (Cervelli) called “a very clever ’deception.” Deceiving the presentation was, though obviously not intentionally so. The Iowa editor assumed that, Incumbents worried O’Connor photo notwithstanding, readers would identify the writing as the publication’s own work. Since a fellow editor was fooled one wonders how many readers thought the actor had penned the anti-Nixon blast. Trouble could have been averted had the editorial-plus-photo layout carried a clarifier such as, “here is what Archie Bunker might be saying ...” What makes the publishing blooper extra newsworthy is O’Connor’s reaction; that is, his comment beyond the announcement of a pending lawsuit against the Texas publication; “Why should anybody give a rap over what I think anyway? Why do people think an actor has any inside track on the truth?’ Amid endless commercial hot air from Mark Spitz, Johnny Cash, Joe Namath and other not-too-cerebral luminaries, O’Connor’s disclaimer registers as a refreshing breeze, entertainment and sports big shots do not necessarily know more than the rest of us. We should not assume that they do. Doomsday for GOP? By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON — Nineteen-seventy-four will be a fateful Republican year. Next year’s congressional elections look dismaying for the .GOF — bordering on the disastrous. While Republican candidates will have a great deal of help from a bevy of presidential hopefuls, they will need it — and badly. The logical parallel to 1974 is 193(1 — when the depression and the unpopularity of President Hoover cut down Republican congressmen wholesale But that yeac Republicans were in substantial majority in both houses; now they are in substantial minority. 49 seats behind the Democrats in the house and 13 in the senate. Next year may lie hard on all Incumbents, but it will tie harder on Republican incumbents. The new congress will almost certainly be overwhelmingly Democratic. Farther down the road, things are shaping up better for Nelson Rockefeller an old comer The year 197H will mark his strongest bid for the presidential nomination. He has already been making ingratiating speeches to party rallies across the country. He has made a hit with conservative GOP audiences Times have (hanged or Rocky has ( hanged Or the problems are different. He is antiwelfare-chiselers, tougher than anyone else on dope-pushers, against weakening the nation’s defenses and no longer a big spender. Meanwhile, another key question is: Will the Democrats go centrist in ’7k? Most of the evidence suggests that the majority of voters are as conservative-oriented today as they were in 1972. Most of the actions of the Democratic national committee are toward the political center. If that is the thrust of the party next year, then Sen. Henry Jackson of Washington may emerge as the embodiment of the party center He has a liberal voting record on domestic affairs and is a hard liner on foreign policy He was warning about the energy shortage before other politicians and is the architect of much of the new legislation In 1972 a majority of his fellow Democratic senators voted him the “most qualified” to be President. Lot Angelet Tim#* Syndttot* Better play it cool Ouster by snub? By William I. Buckley, jr. T T IS MY impression that it is widely -■-unknown how many of the militant youth are spending their vacations from college pressing for the impeachment of President Nixon. Not that there is anything surreptitious in the effort. On the contrary, the students seek publicity, and the experience of yesterday, when their brothers were organizing against the Vietnam war, is fresh in the memory. Yale university appears to be an administrative center for the drive for impeachment, which is backed by the editors of all eight Ivy League colleges. After the Thanksgiving vacation, a Yale student writing in the college newspaper explained the problem carefully to students and faculty. You see, he said, in the end all problems are really political. We can spend the rest of our lives deciding whether or not what Nixon has done is impeachable in the sense that Madison or Hamilton or M« rs h a 11 might have defined “im* peachabk.” But that which is impi <u bable is really that which congree judges to be impeachable, and congress is, in the end, our creature Antennae out Accordingly, he urged that during the vacation period students should hector their congressmen, particularly those in the judiciary committee, to bring in a verdict for impeachment. And, of course, it is everywhere acknowledged that congress, when it reconvenes in mid-January, will have a much clearer idea than it now has whether the American people want impeachment. Concerning the situation, a few observations: I It is likely thai the direction being taken by the .-dudents will lead to a very great frustration To lead the fight for impeachment from the streets both plays into Mr. Nixon’s hands tactically, and reinforces, strategically, the opposition to impeachment Precisely what will stiffen the resistance to impeachment is mob action. Mob action can, of course, accomplish political eructations When after the war of a general corruption, or because he has pushed his power in extra-constitutional ways. President Grant was not impeached, nor was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Impeachment is for when you decide that The Man must be removed. It is the general feel of the situation that when that moment comes, the President will probably quit rather than face impeachment. 3 We are somewhere, at this moment, not very far from such a crisis: i.e., a c risis which causes the people to feel that the country would be a lot better off with the President gone. By no means everyone, of course. But there arc signs of erosion among Mr. Nixon’s friends, for instance in the business community. William F. Buckley, jr. the majority of the Belgian people voted to keep Leopold king, Paul Henri Spaak led the fight in the streets to force him to abdicate; which he did, bequeathing Belgium a king who, so to speak, has never been heard from since Those* who fear a castrated executive will stiffen their opposition to Nixon’s impeachment precisely as the pressure for it comes from, or seems to come from, the hot blood of American college students, etiolated by campus liberalism. 2 Many months ago, before the talk of impeachment was general, I ventured a distinction worth resuscitating. It is this that as things have worked out in the American experience, the impeachment of a President is something we resort to not when we desire to punish a President, but when we desire to replace him. A President (I elaborated) takes on some of the functions, and concurrently some of the immunities, of the sovereign. Accordingly he is not tossed out because Adding up Much more of the kind of thing that has been happening in the stock market will cause a truly dangerous situation — the denial of risk capital for small business ventures, just as an example. The solidity of Gerald Ford, and the transcendence of Henry Kissinger, reassure more and more of these who felt that the disappearance of Nixon would be impossibly disruptive. 4 Accordingly, the young people who want Mr. Nixon out of the White House would do better to play it very low and very cool. Poor Mr. Nixon suffers now from something very much like the Coventry which the English developed into a weapon of high torture. The President of the Ignited States is being snubbed. And where that is practically speaking impossible, he is being condescended to. For those who want him to go, that is the way, finally, to do it. Washington Stor Syndical fwnMimm. People's forum Resisters To the Editor: I read with interest the recent story about the five CCS agency presidents’ failure to contribute to the FCS campaign in Cedar Rapids. Bravo, I say. Instead of ostracizing these persons, I commend them. It is high time someone has the fortitude to withstand the high-pressure motivation to “donate” to this or that cause. While I’m sure many feel the FCS campaign is worthy, I’m sure many others do not. But heaven help you if you work in this city where you are goaded, humiliated arid nearly threatened until you relent and "contribute” to this campaign. In more than one case while discussing this problem with fellowworkert and friends, we have agreed that in uits ti LETTERS 7he Ga*etie'» editorial /rn fie welcome* render* ’ opinion*, nthjet t to the**' guideline*: UriKth limit: 400 words One letter lier writer every to day# All may IX- condensed and edited without < hanguix rneanlnji None published anonymously Writers tei4phon« number (not printedi sli4iu Id follow name, address and readable handwritten signature to help authenticate ('intents (h-al more with Issues arid events than personalities No p4»etry. Fuel crunch brings economic revolution By CL. Sulzberger PARIS — The West and Japan must ’obviously readjust commercial and economic policies to meet the challenge I wised by bleak realization that cheap and plentiful petroleum is now and forevermore a thing of the past. There arc three obvious approaches. I It is time for wealthy members of the nonaligned Third world to start contributing to their poor cousins far more financial aid than in the past. Hitherto it has been primarily the West which financed underdeveloped lands. But now there are countries — especially those inhabited by Arabs — which are accumulating huge funds from the sale of raw materials, today oil and natural gas, tomorrow vital minerals. New wealth The moral responsibility for assisting less fortunate lands is shifting to the newly rich who should assume more of the load hitherto borne by the United States and Europe. This would be a positive way to make use of the new situation brought about by the Arab cartels petroleum rationing and price boosting. The Third world, which comprises far more members than cither the North Atlantic or Soviet blocs, has rallied largely behind the Arabs’ cause in the United Nations and other forums. Surely it would be just for the rich Arab lands to shoulder much of the development burden — especially since the former principal donors are all suffering from the cost and shortage of oil and have little money left for charity. 2. It is also obvious that Industrialized nations must permanently reduce their dependence on petroleum as a source of energy, relying on it henceforth principally for lubricants and petrochemicals. This doesn’t only mean reducing consumption of oil derivatives for transportation, devising new kinds of vehicles, or developing other sources of heat and power. Seed money It means wholesale Investment In research and development programs for additional supplies of energy. And the costly requirement for such scientific exploration will further reduce available funds for sustenance of impoverished lands. The strain on Western economies will thus be increased. And, since their nervous banks are always potentially threatened by withdrawal of Arab invest- Another View PUE TO SHORTAGES CLOSED OU SUNDAY 0& /-/ r a timidation is indeed used and all of us have boon in the position of having our very jobs possibly affected lf we don’t "give our fair share.” You know many of us do charitable work (often involving many, many dollars) on our own like helping elderly persons we may know or giving to needy families, etc. I feel these acts are just as important, if not more so, as citywide fund drives for this or that organization. I feel it’s time to realize a "contribution” should be just that — not some donation made unwillingly to insure our job status It’s time th** domineering fund raisers backed off some, I’d say. Enthusiasm is fine but intimidation makes me sick Mauryne Simoons 1717 K avenue NE Fire problem To the Editor: On Dec 21 I watched a mobile home (in the next lot to mine) as it was totally destroyed by fire. This was sad, but It is even sadder when one realizes that a significant portion possibly could have been saved if the Iowa City fire depart ment had responded to the call The fire occurred In a mobile home court three or four miles from the Iowa City fire department station hut not within the city limits of Iowa City The Coralville and West Branch fire departments responded and did an admirable job in near-zero temperatures. The Coralville department is a volunteer group, which is even more gratifying, arid the West Branch department deserves praise for responding from III to merits, the need for the rich Arabs to support their poorer nonaligned backers becomes even greater. 3 These approaches can in no sense lie Interpreted as an Implied political threat. They simply acknowledge a new pattern of realities The proof Is that, lf the West takes its responsibilities seriously, it will try to persuade Arab oil-producers themselves to prepare for the day when petroleum resources dry up. Despite the billions of untapped barrels beneath their soil, that day is immutably coming. What the West can do here (and here I am indebted to the brilliant Wolfgang Hager, part-time expert for the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs) is to offer Arab petroleum exporters technological help to use their accruing capital in building solar energy and water desalinization plants. They have ample space and should they develop from methods (already tried in Israel) ways of watering the roots of plants rather than the surface, they can ultimately make deserts bloom. This is one more argument for eventual cooperation between Israel and its neighbors, under peacetime conditions. Guidance Hager also points out that solar power can some day be turned into hydrogen and then exported abroad. Western technology can surely help the Arabs to use their accruing riches to face their own eventual oil shortages. One should cease thinking of the energy crisis as a temporary political boycott, but rather as a permanent economic revolution. Complex industrial societies in North America, Western Europe and Japan must Im* restructured Immense funds CL. Sulzberger must he budgeted for energy changes and production of less wasteful machines, vehicles and temperature control systems. Shifting a big share of the burden for international aid to the nouveau riche nations is but part of the process. The whole international trade pattern must be altered to face repercussions not only of permanent oil shortages but also lacks of manufactured materials like plastics. I Moreover, there Is bound to be an ever more marked deficiency in actual money supplies because of these vast new strains of financial systems. One probable consequence will therefore be an increase in barter transactions, Ihe oldest known method of trade. This is but part of the economic revolution now facing all of us as a consequence of the existing energy crisis — something that had been foreseen by many statesmen and acted upon by none, prior to the latest Arab-Israeli war. New York Time* Service 12 miles away. Coralville'! fire station is five to six miles away from the court. These two departments are to he commended for putting the survival factor of life and property above that of location. Ironically, two Iowa City police cars arrived on the scene and it is questionable as to why, especially since they both arrived and left before the fire departments arrived. Why was it that these two cars could Im* pulled off their patrol duties to go to a fire which is not within the jurisdiction of the Iowa City fire depart ment? There Is a higher law to he taken Into consideration in this Incident — the law of human survival — and one can wonder how many people must die or how much property must be destroyed before laws are changed to become responsive to human needs If the Iowa City fire department wishes to have us pay a fee for services, then tell us what it is, hut give us the same chance as other citizens. ... It is time the petty laws governing this matter be moved aside for consideration of our rights as citizens of this state and county. . . . This letter is not written to criticize the Iowa City fire department or firemen, hut to criticize the laws which restrict them from fighting fires which are closer to their station than to the Coralville or West Branch stations . . . It will be interesting to note what happens if a large fire occurs in a surrounding area and Coralville needs help Maybe the Des Moines fire department will respond while the Iowa City fire department decides which line tho property is resting on (.ary J King Box 1391, Iowa City ;