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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa <•    •    «-*•*    »t<    • ,j- V vdWibHtm «*«>    -.IV    IK»^>    ,    ,*<<.•    •♦TW*Nut IM*-. «TM>»KKbii^»»,i«S>«« T4 Mf «•» U <'Wi» --u^ , v,    J...,,.    ,    ~    ,r    *    ' V,:Cf > <' •<•»'■v*' "’«$» ffe t;v*#$v'»'AI Wk$," ■ 'V.-4%W*->4**m’A)VTN*.,1» 4A The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sun. Dec S. 1571 t (There’s Been Progress, but Issues Aren’t Over”: Coty By Mike l>eupree Ralph Coty, whose resignation as executive secretary of the Cedar Rapids human rights commission is effective Tuesday, has seen dramatic improvements since he joined the commission staff nearly five years ago. But mu(h still remains to be done, he is quu k to add "There’s been progress in terms of hiring minorities," he said “When I came to work for the commission there were factories in the community that hired no minorities, factories that had been in existence for a hundred years • • • “I THINK the community now is at the point where minorities can get any job The problem now is in failure to get promotions.” Coty thinks the biggest strides locally have taken place in industry Next is education — there are nearly all minorities employed as teachers now. compared to three in 1989 — and then come retail stores. ‘‘The larger ones (retail stores) have made progress, but the small ones that never hired minorities before still don’t.” Coty said The emphasis on the number of minorities or women employed in certain jobs as a means of gauging social progress sounds like reliance on quotas Coty said that isn t true, although he admits the staffs ties are important. \nd he he Mike Deupree betes quotas were necessary in the early days of the cit ii rights movement because it was the only way the movement could gain a foothold ‘‘Quotas is a misleading term.” Coty said. “It’s a term that's been used to impede progress. Quotas don’t mean anything to me. “Now they call it proportional representation, but really, that’s disgusting to me I think if a qualified minority walks in the door he should tx* hired, no matter how many minorities work for the company.” Still, does it do any good to change hiring patterns if attitudes aren’t changed0 Coty believes behavior change must come first, prompting attitudinal change, because ( hanging attitudes first is a “glacially slow ” process And employment is the most important place to start, because discrimination in employment can do the most harm • • • “TOI DENY the children opportunities, and by doing that you deny America a chance to become better,” he said. Equal employment opportunity also means a chance to Drink Less To Save Grain By J ase Brady Sp* York Times Service NEW YORK - While Americans are being urged to eat less grain-fed meats in order to free grain for the world’s hungry millions, a companion    gram-saving measure has been suggested that hits at another American institution — alcohol. The idea is that a cutback in the billions of gallons of grain-based alcoholic beverages — beer and most hard liquors — that Americans drink each year could theoretically provide food for millions of people. The leading proponent of this view. Dr. Jean Mayer of Harvard, one of the country’s most prominent nutritionists, has even coined a slogan to raise the consciousness of imbibing Americans — “have a drink and starve a child ” Although Mayer proposed this slogan half in jest, he was dead serious about his suggestion to “limit yourself to one drink per occasion, unless you drink wine.” This approach. he says. would help to reduce alcohol-induced ^strain on health and pocketbook as well as free grain for the hungry Net New Curbing alcohol to obtain grain to feed people is not a new idea In 1946 President Truman dosed the distilleries for three months to make Quilting Bee Thursday As part of the “An Amana Christmas” exhibit currently at the Cedar Rapids Art center, an old-fashioned quilting bee will be held Thursday. About 8 a m a group of Amana women will begin a quilt of the blue and white fabric similar to the traditional material used in the Amana colonies years ago The padding will be a heavy wool fleece They hope* to complete the quilt in one day. The public is invited to view the quiltt'rs from IO a rn. to 8 30 p.m. The Amana exhibit will continue at the Art center during the month of December Concert at Jefferson The Jefferson high school bands and choirs will present a Christmas concert Thursday and Saturday at 7 30 p.m. at the school auditorium There is no admission for 600-Foot Ski Jump Coming This Winter? Will this be the winter of the 800-foot ski jump0 Ski jumpers don't laugh at the idea any more — one of them, an East German, has already soared through the air 554 5 feet Anyway, ski jumping is no laughing matter Most heart-ln-their mouth spectators think a ski jumper has as much cause to be jolly as a man leaping off a cliff Not most ski jumpers They claim, not altogether convincingly. that ski jumping is safer than competitive downhill skiing. Ski jumping got its American start more than IOO years ago introduced by immigrants from Scandinavia, where skiing had been a way of life for many generations, the National (ieographic society says At the first official jumping competition rn the U.S. at Red Wing, Minn , in 1887, a Norwegian named Mikkel Hemmesveit won with a leap of only 37 feet With just a strap across the toes, skiers then actually had to lean back to keep their skis from falling off But equipment improved and jumping records leaped ahead. the program, which will include performances by the mixed chorus. Hilltop Singers, the concert choir, the Festival chorus and band, the concert band, and the symphonic band. Selections to be performed by the mixed chorus include ’.Joyful Noise”, and “On Christmas Night”. while Hilltop Singers will present. “God's Son This Day to I s Is Born”, and “Alleluia, the Angels Sang”. The concert choir presentations im hide ‘‘Celebrate”, "Hod ie Christ us Notus Est”, and “Lullaby for the Holy Child”. The Festival chorus and band will present flanders "Hallelujah Chorus”. The concert band will play “Carols for Christmas”, and "There Shall A Star From Jacob ”, Presentations by the symphonic band will include "Meditation on a Chorale", and “Now Thank We All Our God Bombardment of Fort McHenry 25 Hours The bombardment of Fort McHenry, which inspired the writing of "The Star-Spangled Banner" began at 7 a rn Sept 13. 1814, and lasted with intermissions. for 25 hours Bntish ships fired some 1.500 shells, each weighing as much as 220 pounds, the World Almanac says. Because the Amencans had sunk 22 vessels in the channel, the British were unable to approach too closely which kept U S casualties low — four were killed and 24 wounded "(Sniff)    I    THU) Martha we    call    Croat    to    chark    our •mug and he tart ii wa* o.k and »<»uldn t .tart a HHH" Phone .IAI.02H8 grain available on an emergency basis for war-torn Europe. What effect might a cutback now rn alcohol production have on the ability of the world to feed itself? The primary beverages in question are beer. made from barley, corn, rice, wheat and soybeans; bourbon from corn, scotch and Irish whisky from barley and other grains, rye and Canadian whisky from rye; gin and vodka from corn, wheat and other cereal grains I^st year, according to data provided by the U. S. depart ments of agriculture and commerce and the respective industries. American distillers used I I million tons of gram to produce 183 million gallons of whisky and American brewers used 3 million tons of grain to produce 4 8 billion gallons of beer 21 Millis! W hile the total of 4 1 million tons of grain us<*d in 1973 to produce alcoholic beverages represents only 1.8 percent of the total food and feed grains grown in the U. S. last year it is still enough food for one year for more than 20 million people living on a minimal adequate diet Dinking at American consumption of alcoholic beverages — 402 million gallons of distilled spirits and 4 2 billion gallons of beer a year — it might bt' said that Americans annually drink up the amount of grain that could feed 25 million people a year. In fact, however. Americans do not drink this quantity of grain, because it is only the sugar and starch in the grain that is fermented into alcohol, which is then distilled off to make whisky The remainder of the gram, representing a third of the original weight and virtually all the protein, is “recycled” as a highly nutritious fet'd for livestock, according to the Bistillc*d Spirits Council and the U. S. Brewers Assn., Washington-based industry organizations l/vs Efficient Use “This fact may make one feel a little better about the grain used to make alcohol,” remarked D*ster Brown, agricultural economist with the Overseas    Development Council, “but it still repre scnts a less efficient use of grain than if it were fed directly to people ” Because grain fed animals use from four to eight pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat, the resulting meat represents a significant loss of the grain’s original “food power" for man Industry sources point out that the type of grain used in making alcoholic beverages must also be considered in assessing the human food value of a production cutback Corn is overwhelmingly the major ingredient in making whiskys (primarily bourbon), representing more than half the total grain input of l l million tons used annually in these beverages For beer, the major ingredient is barley at 2 million tons a year, with corn the next most important ingredient at 750,18)8 tons a year. “Spariaas Argument” Neither of these grains, the distillers say, are the ones commonly eaten in those countries where food shortages are now most acute. Wheat and rice, the major foodstuffs in the hungriest parts of the world, represent relatively minor inputs in making alcoholic beverages, industry sources note. But laster Brown calls this a “spurious argument raised by those who don’t want to do anything ” “If there s a will to make adjustments, they can be made.” he insisted Brown added that virtually all the grams used in making alcohol — rye and sorghum as well as corn, barley, wheat and rice — are now used as human foods in different parts of the world, and that the land on which barley grows is well-suited for the production of more popular food grains For those who an* pepared to adjust their alcohol intake, there are potential pitfalls in switches that might be considered. For example, it would be no more saving of grain to switch from whisky to beer, since a jigger of whisky and a 12-ounce can of beer both are made with approximately 2 ounces of grain Nkart Supply On the other hand, rum, which is made from the fermentation of sugar cane, does not compete directly with the use of grain for food, although sugar cane is currently in short supply. Mayer, who says he consumes no grain alcohol, suggests wine and brandy as the nutst “humanitarian substitutes for distilled spirits and beer, since the fruits wines are made from are not major food sources In addition, many of the world s vineyards are on terrain that is not well suited for growing fluid crops Wine consumption is already increasing in this country — at an anticipated rate this year of 7 percent, according to industry sources But the forecast consumption for 1974 of 3811 million gallons is below that for hard liquor and far below that for beer Now! Have your furnace cleaned and checked for winter comfort! Your headquarter* for A J I WWW ana 24-H0UR SERVICE Call 364-4626 GARY NOVAK All Mokot A Modale Furnocai cmd Air Conditioners After Business Hours: (ail to.V wa*) NOVAK Haatac I Air CoMktiomng 54 I AHI Avenue J. Bf. Serving Ceder Reside Aer 99 Veers" Ralph Coty make a better living and buy homes in formerly all-white areas, which Coty said means far more than mere visual tokenism. “That minority person living in a white area is a teacher.” he said. "That person breaks down stereotypes. “The visibility makes people1 say, ‘why was I thinking like that about those people before, that s not the way they are’.” Race complaints used to make up nearly all (he complaints filed with the commission. Now they represent slightly less than half, with sex complaints oui numbering race complaints by about ti percent, A great deal of the reason for that change is the growing awareness by women of their rights Another reason. Coty believes, is because discrimination is less overt now, more sophisticated, than in the past. both regarding sex and race. ‘‘Women have always been able to get some jobs.” he said. "The big problems are promotions and non-tradition al jobs. It’s similar to the position of race discrimination in 1989 ” Because discrimination is subtler now, he continued, there is a trend toward believing discrimination has been eliminated “That’s a false assumption and it s a dangerous one," Coty said “We’ve just moved into a different phase ” Yes, but surely this kind of discrimination, where in some cases the victim isn t even aware of discrimination, isn t as had as the more obvious examples of prejudice. • • • “I THINK it s worse," Coty said “I think it has a more devastating effect than overt discrimination. A person gets terribly frustrated if he or she thinks the institution is being fair." People often then blame themselves for job troubles when the cause really lies with some kind of veiled discrimination, he explained Coty said this less obvious type of discrimination will bt* facing his successor, as will other tough issues. An example is a question now pending before the U. S. supreme court involving union seniority rules Lower courts have split on the question of whether these rules perpetuate discrimination because minorities and women have been hired only in recent years Besides (he new. tough issues, his successor will have to face some frustrations, too, according to Coty. “You become impatient.” he said. “You see what the problems are and you can't bring about changes as fast as you would like. ‘Its rewarding, but its also extremely frustrating.” Coty, 26. has been executive secretary of the commission since the Rev. William Cotton resigned in May, 1973 For three years before that he was an administrative assistant to Cotton. He is leaving the commission to take a job in private industry, both to broaden his experience and to see another side of the rights issue — for nearly five years, he said, he has been seeing the negative side. “Being a human rights director is like being in a cage with the door padlocked and a piece of fine. rare meat outside.” he said. “We haven t been able to reach the meat yet — but the padlock is getting loose ” • • • HE BELIEVES it isnt possible to hold his job for an extended peru si of time because effectiveness diminishes. “The nature of the job is to be critical, to challenge the system, make sure it works fairly.” he said. "After a certain point you become so critical you have to move out and get a different perspective ” Coty said he wants to see if the changes he believes have occurred are apparent in other situations, but he has no illusions atloid the status of current human rights work "Theres been progress,” .he said, “but the issues aren't over We’re just beginning." 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