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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Cellar    (Dajrtt? Editorial Page Monday, September 23, 1974 Hughes papers to Iowa CONGRATULATIONS to Senator Hughes of Iowa for setting an example for other public officials with his decision to turn over materials he has accumulated in public office to the University of Iowa library. The collection will be a veritable gold mine of background information for historians and students of Iowa history. It will contain letters, copies of speeches, documents, pictures, recordings and other memorabilia the senator has piled up during 16 years of public service — four as a member of the commerce commission, six as governor and six in the U.S. senate. That span covers an era which saw Iowa begin to modernize its antiquated state government structure, thanks to Harold Hughes who, from his first day on the commerce commission, rejected the idea that there could be no change “because we’ve always done it this way.” For the most part, modernization hinged on restoring to Iowa the basic, fundamental concept of majority rule through a truly representative legislature. Hughes, against the advice of virtually all of his advisers, put his neck on the line as governor in favor of a fair and honest plan of apportioning legislative seats. Once that was acomplished, it was possible to bring about other necessary changes. To Hughes also goes much of the credit for establishment of the area school system, with its fine community colleges and vocational-technical training courses. These are only two of his many accomplishments. Presumably his public papers will provide a vast background on all of them. Unlike Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon, among others, Harold Hughes does not seek to benefit in any way by giving possession of public papers to the university where they will be available to the public which elected him to office. “I do not consider this a gift,” he explained, in announcing his decision. “So far as I am concerned, these papers properly belong to the people of Iowa, and it was always my plan to place them permanently in an official state repository where they would be in safekeeping but available to the public.” Well said. Fiscal restraint rejected AS IF THE JOB of slowing down inflation were not tough enough already, President Ford apparently must devise retardants guaranteed not to lose congressmen any votes. How else can one explain the senate’s rejection (64 to 35) of Mr. Ford’s proposal to defer for 90 days an October pay increase for 3.5 million federal employes? As the President explained the proposal last month, the saving of some $700 million in wages would not single-handedly cure the country’s economic ills. But at least the move would demonstrate that the federal government aims to carry out its promise to hold down the national budget. Senate approval of the pay-increase deferment would “set an example of restraint for the rest of the nation,” said Mr. Ford. When they axed the idea last Thursday, certain senators — notably Wyoming Democrat Gale McGree — wrote it off as “a gimmick, a cosmetic approach.” (Iowa Senator Clark voted for the pay deferment; Senator Hughes sided with the majority.) The description is grossly inaccurate. By delaying pay adjustments for one of the largest groups of employes in the country, the federal government could have inspired similar restraint in private industry. Granted, the recommended withholding of raises would have been a keen disappointment for governmental employes (including 2.2 million military personnel), even though civilian federal job holders’ average yearly earnings ($13,000) exceed private industry’s norm by some $4,0(K). But that is the very point of the Ford administration’s first initial economic thrust: If inflation is to be checked, sacrifices must be made. The senate’s rejection of Ford’s fiscal restraint pitch suggests that no sacrifice will be tougher to achieve than prying congress loose from its cherished political expedience. An ex-congressional warhorse himself, the President realizes the strength of that bond. Congress Judiciary unit’s good work helped By Louis Harris Th* Worm Survey ALTHOUGH S3 percent of the American people give the congressional impeachment proceedings high marks, the over-all standing of congress remains negative with the public by a margin of 54-38 percent. The public is basically looking for some initiative from congress in controlling inflation and in bringing the economy out of its slump. Up to now it has found such action largely lacking. The over-all rating of congress was measured in a survey of a nationwide cross-section of 1.527 households conducted earlier this month, in which people were asked: "How would you rote the job congress is doing this year — excellent, pretty good, only fair or poor?" Pan Ne go Not (ive (ive sure % % % Sept ,1974 38 54 8 July 29 64 7 Jan 21 69 IO 1973 38 45 17 1970 26 63 I 1 1969 34 54 12 1968 46 46 8 1967 38 55 7 1966 49 42 9 1965 64 26 IO 1964 59 33 8 1963 33 60 7 Since January', the number of people who give congress a good-excellent (positive) job rating has nearly doubled from 21 to 38 percent. However, a persistent majority of 54 percent continues to be critical of the congressional performance this year. The Harris Survey has measured public reaction to congress every year since 1963. and only in the period of 1964-1967 did a plurality or majority of the public give a positive assessment of the house and senate. Back then, of course, a Democratic congress had a honeymoon with newly-elected President Lyndon Johnson and passed a spate of legislation in the areas of social and human rights. Over most of the last IO years, the public has viewed congress as having no better than a mediocre to poor record. It was during this period that the executive power of the White House was growing, chiefly at the expense of congress. One of the most significant developments of 1974 was the reassertion of congressional power. But these latest results show that the public feels congress still has a long way to go to redress the balance between the legislative and executive branches envisaged by the founding fathers when they wrote the Constitution. During the course of 1974, public respect for the way congress was handling the impeachment proceedings against former President Nixon rose sharply. People were asked: Now let me aik you tome specific! about the (ob congress it domg How would you ro*e congress on Sand Ii rig the impeachment proceedings against former President Nixon — excellent, pretty good, only foir or poor?" September July January ness and conduct of the house judiciary committee set well with the American people. Almost all of the gains regis- Posi Nego Not tive (ive sure % % % 59 37 4 27 65 8 ti 71 :8 that the decisive- People's forum Ban films To the Editor: We are writing to protest the presentation of such violent and deplorable films as “Born Innocent” (Sept 9 on NBC) via the television medium. In our opinion, such productions severely hamper the general public’s rights and privileges to view material that is positively beneficial, pertinent, informative and pleasantly entertaining As teachers (at Wright elementary school) we feel that movies such as “Born Innocent” are in definite conflict with educational and suitable moral goals and cannot be justifiably deemed supportive of healthy, virtuous attitudes The film’s very scheduling during prime time denied many the opportunity to view this network, as it was not aimed toward the young or those who sought something enlightening or creative. Belatedly, its momentary forewarning of suggested audience restrictions hardly seemed an adequate discouragement for viewing. In surveying a wide variety of persons who witnessed at least a sufficient substantial portion of the film, we find that we are far from being a minority in these beliefs. We, therefore, support any formal or personal attempts by others to prohibit further presentations of such meritless and base caliber from television. Cindy Lundine 2066 Eastern boulevard SE Mary Jo Kelly 1300 Oakland road NE Objectionable To the Editor: I am writing concerning the movie ads section of The Gazette. I feel the pictures and words used in advertising X- and R rated movies are objectionable and in bad taste. We recently received a copy of The Daily Report, Ontario, Calif. The movie ad page of this paper was done in a much better way (not all the pictures and wordy descriptions). I feel The Gazette should refuse ads for X-rated movies, adult book stores and massage parlors. If R rated movies are advertised, only the title should be shown. I feel The Gazette should stand forth in setting good moral standards for our community and not be a tool used by ex ploiters to undermine the decency of our town. Also, concerning the eyesore at the corner of Sixteenth avenue and Sixth street SW (Danish Book World): passers-by must think we have a real cool town, a good place to rear children Likewise the garbage shown consistently at our drive-in theaters: Why not a drive-in that shows family movies?. . . I join the others who are protesting the showing of “Born Innocent” on TV. I also protest the ads for R-rated movies shown on television at such inappropriate times. Ed Aubrey 1068 Eisenhower street, Hiawatha LETTERS The Gazette s editorial page welcomes readers' opinions, subject to these guidelines: length limit. 400 words One letter per writer every 30 doys. All may be condensed and edited without changing meaning None published anonymously Writer I telephone number (not printed) should follow nome, address and readable handwritten signature to help authenticate Content* deal more with itiuet and event* than per *onoiit«e». No poetry Publisher's prune-out Desexing the language: touchy By Hoyt Gimlin ONE CANT bt* too careful what one writes these days. Please notice that the sentence did not read: A man can’t bt* too careful what he writes these days. That masculine noun “man” and pronoun “he” would have exposed him to the Women s equality movement as foolishly ignorant or disdainful of its aim to rid the language of sexist words and idioms. Sexist — never to bt* confused with sexy — is a word of recent vintage, analogous to racist, used to characterize the male chauvinist who discriminates on the basis of gender. Thus a person (not “man.” please) who has had their consciousness raised a notch or two has to stay on guard (never on “his” guard) whenever exercising the native tongue (never, never “his" native tongue). To aid the unwary or unreformed, the McGraw-Hill Book Company has issued a set of guidelines for its legion of nonfiction writers and editors on pruning their copy of telltale sexisms. For instance, “mankind" is to be penciled out of the wayward author’s text and replaced by “humanity,” “human beings,” “human race” or just plain “people.” We may henceforth read of primitive people but not primitive man — unless woman gets equal billing, in which case it will be permissible to speak of primitive men and women in the same breath A man-made lake’ Not a person-made lake, surely? No„ it should be referred to as artificial, synthetic, manufactured. constructed, or of human origin An artificial lake, well, okay. But just try the sound of “We went swimming in a lake of human origin.” Extreme examples perhaps, but revealing of the problem of trying to make English usage conform to a new set of rules Jacques Barzun, the author-professor at Columbia university, suggests that all this could lead to such absurdities as calling a seagoing man-of-war a “war person” or teaching future students of the French Revolution about “liberty, equality and sorority.” And will historians of tomorrow speak of the colonial militia on Lexington Green, or perhaps Paul Revere and his guerilla band, to avoid using the odious Minuteman? There is no end to the possibilities. McGraw-Hill suggests that statesmen, whoever they are, be known as public servants or leaders. The business man. whether he runs the shoe-repair shop on the corner or General Motors, will become a “business executive” or “business leader.” “Sex is a source of chaos in language generally, as it is in life," Barzun observes in The Columbia Forum magazine He wonders if, in the attempt to expunge sexism, the language doesn’t get wrenched out of shape* and misunderstood. “The esthetic sense, not to say the art of literature, is implicated in this sd- Watergate ad infinitum ly game,” Barzun goes on to say. “Pei son is not a word to cherish and ubiqu tize ... the word is disagreeably holt} toity: There is a person at the door’? i the classic English novel the young pet son holds an ambiguous place — alway a she, but now unsavory, now requirin protection.” Lest the professor stand in danger « having his own words wrenched out i shape or misunderstood, it must be sal that he is not opposed to the goal of mal mg the language better express the ide of equality between the sexes. He ha obvious reservations about trying I reach that goal by edict Besides, a ma can’t be Phi careful what he writes the!-days. Editorial Research Report* ‘Wallowing” is right By Don Oakley IT MAY all In? water over the gate to most weary Americans, but historians, and certainly future Americans, are going to be “wallowing” in the subject for generations to come. The way things are going, they will have whole libraries devoted to it The first issue of “Bookletter”, a new review published by Harper’s Maga zine Co., listed a partial Watergate bibliography of 46 titles Those swelling the “W" card catalogue file include; “Watergate by the Numbers”, “Watergate: Chronology of a Criwx”, “Watergate and the White House” “Watergate: Crime in the Suites" “Watergate Hearings” “Watergate Portraits’’ “Watergate, the View from the Left” “Watergate and the Myth of American Democracy” and simply “Watergate”. Interested researchers will also find such intriguing titles as “Fireside Wat. ergate" "Watergate Cookbook”. “Wat ergate Follies" and something called “Watergate Girls”. That’s just the W e Other titles include biographies of Richard Nixon Sen Sam Ervin and other Watergatt personalities, examinations of the im peachment process and the doctrine o executive privilege, the Agnew scanda and the constitutional and historical implications of Watergate in general f    % Tins is riot even to mention all tin memoirs that are expected to come noi tin* thousands upon* thousands of page of government documents, such as thi White House tup** transcripts and judici ary committee hearings New moper Enterer It* Association gains ground, still stands short Contributors to low estate reviewed By Roscoe Drummond WASHINGTON - Why congress’ linage suffers: I Because congress makes different rules for Itself than it does for others. Example: The senate rules committee voted to “require” vice presldential-nimiinee Nelson Rockefeller to make a full public disclosure of his financial assets. Stated reason The vice-president might have to cast a deciding vote on legislation, and congress wanted to be sure there would be no conflict of interest. But congress requires no such disclosure for its own members although they often east deciding votes without disclosing their financial conflicts of interest. 2 Democratic critics of clemency for Richard Nixon say that Mr. Ford’s decision “shatters the honeymoon”; that is, shatters the prospect of congress and the President cooperating to deal with inflation. Why should it? Inflation is the nation’s greatest anxiety. Why should honest dissent over the pardon reduce the imperative need of (’(ingress to work with the President to develop a bipartisan anti-inflation program? Why not put first things first? 3. The United States has been without a vice-president for six weeks and will tx* for a considerable period to come ‘The view will be beautiful from the top tered by congress this year can be traced to the committee s deliberate and fair investigation and its historic votes, witnessed on television by the public. But there has been no perceptible rise of public confidence in the job congress has done with the economy. People were asked: "How would you rote congress on (recd list) — excellent, pretty good, only fair or poor?" Posi tive Nego tive % Not sure % Keeping economy heoltfiy September 14 80 6 July 12 82 6 January 13 80 7 Handling taxes, spending September 12 81 7 July 8 85 7 January X X X Controlling inflation September IO 85 5 July 7 88 5 January 6 88 6 X—Not asked in January There is little doubt that congress receives as much blame for the current state of the economy as any other major American institution today. People are fed up with high prices, sluggish employment and high interest rates, and congress will not regain majority confidence unless and until it acts as decisively on inflation as it did on the impeachment proceedings. When it comes to a kind of bottom line on congress — the pivotal question of “inspiring confidence in government” — the public’s rating is still negative by better than 2 to I: Post Nega Not five tive sure % % % September 31 63 6 July 18 75 7 January IO 82 8 The number of people who* fee congress is now inspiring confidence in government has tripled — up from IO to 31 percent since January. But to achieve majority public approval, the house and senate must continue to make the strides in popularity they have from 1963 to the present Clearly, the job of restoring faith in government has just begun in this country. Chicago Tribune New York News Syndicate Reason: Congress is dallying with the confirmation of Nelson Rockefeller. Several influential Democratic leaders are saying that the confirmation hearings cannot likely be completed by November Purpose: To keep Rockefeller from campaigning for Republican congressional candidates No wonder the Democrats didn t relish the Rockefeller nomination. 4 Members of the house of representatives are trying to rig the new campaign spending reform to give incumbent congressmen an advantage over their opponents. They are doing this by seeking to keep the ceiling on congressional campaign spending to $60,000: the senate set the ceiling at $90,000. Incumbent congressmen do not need to spend as much as challengers because they get free mailing privileges, staff aid and other advantages. Los Angeles Times Syndicate Roscoe ^ JPS Drummond ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette