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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 21, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa (tlu Ct cl tit l\npulii Editorial Page Thursday, March 21, 19 74 wmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmnmmmm Milestone near ONE TIMELY proof of liberty’s remarkable longevity in the fledgling nation that declared its independence in 177H is that everyone now on the scene is free to mark the fast-approaching bicentennial in any way he likes — or turn his back and sit it out. A wide diversity of plans and gestures keyed to the observance less than two years hence has underscored the free-choice nature of the thing. The options run from high-am bit ion community ventures (noted for their paucity so far) to private-gain ideas cashing in on the occasion (sniped at more and more of late as “cheap commercia lism"). Accordingly: You can attempt to make a bundle by marketing T-shirts decorated with a revolutionary motif and strong on the figure 20ti. You can get in gear to clean up big with beer-mug souvenirs of the occasion. You can go a little higher-class and capitalize on a thoughtfully developed new demand for early American furniture. You can shoot still higher, with esthetics, through an offering of six china plates adorned with Nixon standing dips another two points By Louis Harris The Harris Survey PRESIDENT Nixon s over-all standing with the American people has now slumped to his all-time low of 28 percent positive as against 71 percent negative In February. Mr Nixon stood at 28 per-cent positive in the Harris Survey These latest figures reflect the reaction of the public to the President after the spate of indictments against his former close aides in cases connected with the Watergate affair However, when asked if he should resign, the verdict was 47-44 percent opposed to his taking such a move, with 8 percent unable to make up their minds On the other hand, when asked if they would “respect President Nixon more it he resigned from office to allow Vicepresident Ford to take over in his place in an act of national unity.” a narrow plurality. 42-38 percent, agreed Thus. the net status of public opinion is that a majority of Americans has not yet decided Richard Nixon should leave the White House, although his standing with the people has been sinking week by week recently to new lows Here is the trend to the question on the President's job rating, measured regularly in the Harris Survey, this time in a national survey of I 4U7 household-, between March 3 and 7 How would you rote the lob ^evident Ni*on i* doing os President — excellent, Should Should not Not sure March, 1974 44 47 9 February 44 45 1 I January November, 1973 44 47 9 43 47 IO October 36 50 I 4 September 31 56 13 August 28 63 9 July 22 66 12 June 22 62 16 May 14 75 I 1 It is apparent that the public would prefer to sec the wheels of justice work their way in the impeachment proceedings now underway before the house judiciary committee rather than to have the President voluntarily resign from office However, it should be pointed tint Louis Harris pretty good, only fair, Or poor9 Po*' Ney u Not live live sure Morch, 1974 26 71 3 February 29 68 3 January 30 68 2 November, 1973 37 61 J October 32 64 4 September 32 65 3 Augw»t 32 65 3 July 42 54 4 June 48 49 3 Moy 47 49 4 April 50 49 I March 59 39 2 February 60 39 I Mr Nixon s over-all rating un his job Mur t h Nov Ii n 42 45 39 31 19 24 as President has been steadily downward since .January and is completely the reverse of last March when he stood at 58-38 percent positive Significantly, only a year ago no more than 38 percent of the public gave hun negative marks In this survey, the number who rated him negatively was 71 percent and those who answered "poor were 45 percent Significantly, not only do voters who (ast their ballots for him in 1872 rate him negatively, 54-44 percent, but now for the first time. the rating of rank-and-file Republicans is also negative by 51-48 percent Nonetheless, the number ol Americans who think the President should resign has not changed statistically in three months Successive cross-sections have Iteen asked In view of who* hat happened rn •Se Watergate affair, da you think Pre»>d«nt Nixon * Kau Id retign or not? that during the period from last November to March of this year Mr. Nixon has reiterated on many occasions that he would never resign from office The 47 percent who expressed oppose Hon to the President’s resigning shrank to 38 percent when the question was put to the cross-section in a somewhat different way People were asked Would you teepee* P'evdent Nixon rn or** or less if he reigned from the office of President to ollow Vice president Gerald Ford to toke over as President rn on act of notional unit Yr Respect Nixon more Respect him less Not sure .lust at the time he was assuming the office of vice-president, Gerald Ford ap-Itcarcd to many as a viable alternative to Mr Nixon That number has not grown since, although a 42-38 percent plurality would still like to see a change iii the White House before the President s term expires The 42 percent who say they want to see this change take place is almost identical with the 44 percent who say Mr Nixon should resign because of W atergate President Nixon ap|x*ars to have lost a majority in the country who think he should remain in office Hut neither is there a majority ready to say he should leave the White House, either through resignation or impeachment Iii these uncertain circumstances, his over-all standing with the people has now reached its lowest point since he entered the office of President in 1888 '•.ifuyc Tribune Ne* Too Ne** Syndicate Reinforced Man cannot live on bread alone He Deeds peanut blitter too Election issue March 26: Should Cedar Rapids grant a franchise for cable television now? scenes from Winslow Homer paintings. $525 per set. You can even honor patriotic spirit (and the ample hank account) with high-quality reproductions of George Washington s sword. $925 per item. OR — you can. as broader-thinking hands of citizens in places such as C edar Rapids have begun to do. approach the bicentennial with other values on your mind: Forge lasting friendships worldwide through a system for private-home visits by traveling, plain-people guests from abroad. Work up entertainments, shows or happenings in which today's performers of the arts will bring the anniversary to life for any body sensitive to once-per-lifetime meanings in tin* time. Promote the building of a tangible and versatile facility that marks the date and shows the spirit but will serve the multitudes tomorrow too, something that the whole community can use for years to come. It s a free country, you know We call our own shots, together or alone, one by one. VV bat 's yours? Shall the city of Cedar Rapid*, Iowa, grant to Community Cable Com pony of Cedar Rapids, an Iowa cor poration, a fifteen (15) year nonexclusive franchise authorizing the use of public streets and grounds for the installation and operation of a ca ble communications system within the corporate limits of the city of Cedar Rapids? THOSE 52 words on a special-elect ion ballot confronting the voters next Tuesday represent the full extent of what they have a voice rn judging on the mutter of a first-time cable television taste for Cedar Rapids One more word — “yes ’ or "no” from a simple majority after the counting — will write the story for what follows A city-council handled ordinance to firm up the bargain, then a launching of const ruction oil the privately-owned enterprise — or longer waiting for another cable TY plan to face the same sort of test. as sooner or later it certainly will This one came to next week s ballot on tilt1 strength of a petition engineered by Tho Arguments YES Cl ABLE TV offers viewers a larger / selection of programs than the broadcast outlets provide. In this case. there would lie the four main stations locally received (channels 2, 7. 8 and 12) plus two Chicago stations (WUN and VVSNS) Capacity for 20 channels would be guaranteed. Channels also would be made accessible without charge for public-service use At least: One for education, open to local schools and colleges One for all branches and agencies ol city government. One for general public programming on a nondiscriminatory, first-come. first-served basis. One for EM radio One for printed weather information and other news. Free time also would tx* made available to candidates for public office. Cable TY has improved reception quality, unaffected by weather. The system would provide a capability for two-way communication (subscribers being able to send signals as well as receive) But privacy protection (no subscriber transmissions without one s permission) also would l»e guaranteed Cable TY would bring revenue to the city government — in this case. as proposed. 3 percent of the gross subscriber receipts on top of regular property’ taxes The system would represent an estimated investment of about $3.5 million and would generate additional employment opportunities in Cedar Rapids The operation would be locally-ow lied ami controlled, not a profit-siphon for outside interests A franchise-tranafer would be permissible only with city approval. VV hen it comes to nailing down specifics tit a franchise ordinance to let the system operate, the city council has committed itself to a painstaking, careful procedure It will Ittok at ordinances in other cities, find out what have been the major problems, check closely with the KCC, ojteii the process to input from the public and the cable TY company, and come up with a sound arrangement that serves everybody’s interests satisfactorily. Subscribing is completely voluntary Nm one has to pay for the service if he doesn't want the service ( able TY has a strong potential for serving subscribers in many ways lies ides the sound-and-picture capability that is cable TV' s essence now This would start Cedar Rapids on the track to high-promise opportunities for the future People s forum Overvolted Tm the Editor Y our friendly Iowa Electric Light and Rower Co likes to save you energy ' Incredible lf IE reallv likes to help as its judicious, monopoly-type advertising says. why has it Ims-ii operating lily line voltage above the legal limit of 127 volts since November, 1 873. and after numerous calls has refused to correct the situation? Line voltage aftove the nominal 128 volts wastes energy reduces lightbulh life, abuses electrical appliances, increases the consumer s hill and increases IE’s revenue Nice tor IE but trouble fur the consumer I wonder how many other ureas are being overpowered and experiencing a lot of burned-out light bulbs' I suggest that IE and other power companies chirk all of their line voltages and get them Community Cable I lie lirni consists reportedly of 27 stockholders, almost all from Cedar Rapids, headed by a 12-person officer-director group of which the president is Percy (i Harris. YI I) Cable television is ail offshoot from Hie broadcast system which has pioneered all television lo lls present massive scope Instead of reaching viewers via signals through the air. cable TY goes by wire strung from poles or underground directly to receivers iii a network similar lo telephones The main advance from broadcast PY O D a o □ Q O o □ o CB E © □ o. o □ a I o «®«® o kb 7 he (fusette's opinion Overdose of unknowns IF NEXT WEEK S cable TV franchise vote in Cedar Rapids turns out differently from 1972’s thumping rejection, it will be hard to put a finger on exactly why. Several key items in the new approach differ drastically from the earlier one. One big difference is that last time, outside owners spearheaded the proposal This time, local ownership provides the push Sixteen months ago a heavy publicity splash saturated the media concerning cable TVs pros and cons. This time, deliberate quiet on the promoters’ part has elicited an equally quiet public response so far. Last time, the cable-franchise vote was part of a presidential election, pulling an exceptionally heavy turnout to the polls. This time the question stands alone. Presumably a relative handful of voters will render the judgment. On its first time up, the cable question also rested on a detailed ordinance proposal as part of the ballot. That spelled out all facets of the would-be system's operation. Now the terms of what the public would be getting are not there at all. “Yes'' or “no" to cable TY, period, is the extent of voters' say-so next week. It seems to us that this is the new proposition's main flaw — perhaps a critically disqualifying one. Does the public have enough assurance on the contents of the box to judge it fairly? Should the terms and conditions of cable TY be left altogether to the city council's judgment in concert with the applicants? Is too much being left to faith and trust? Do people really know what they’ll be buying? When doubt, uncertainty and chance surround a course of public action, usually it pays to wait What s the rush? (low ii in I Im- nominal 128 volts ami really help us save energy rattier than only advertising abttiit saving energy < diaries Ynema Hiawatha Impeachment grounds Tm the Editor lf President Nixon IS to Im* impeached it should Im* for the following reasons • The two most deadly enemies America and Christianity ever had are Sovlet Russia and Red ('tuna Yet Mr Nixon is constantly engaged iii strengthening both by every means iii his power while the Constitution clearly defines the giving of ani and comfort to our nation’s enemies as treason • Ills “peace with honor has accomplished jus! the opposite of what we know peace to Is* lh* has equipped and financ'd both sides, conduct'd the war so as lo prevent any possibility of winning. at Hie same time destroying the will ol the South Vietnamese lo defend themselves He has accomplished a peace conducive to communist polemics, all opposition to communism has been crushed • The most outrageous of all Mr Nixon s activities to destroy morality Iii our country is his protection, support and encouragement ol Mao Tse lung and ( hon Kn-lai Their drug offensive to destroy our American youth now has a monopoly on Md percent of all heroin grown and distributed iii the world • Hut the most unceasing effort of Richard Nixon is to give the United Nations prestige and military might to make it a one-world communist government His goal is to surrender I S sovereignty aud the I reed oui of all Americans Into the hands of such a worldwide tyranny as soon as possible • VIr Nixon has s|>ent more money — wastefully — than any other person in human history One fourth of our da is that cable TY can transmit a lot more channels than the standard system does The main departure from the broadcast system, economically, is that cable earns its keep from rentals paid by people who subscribe, instead of from the program sponsors who pick up all costs so everybody else can tune in free Iowa already has some JI urban cable systems operating now — including outlets iii Dubuque, Davenport, Et. Madison, Ottumwa. Keokuk and Bettendorf. A new one now is undergoing instillation iii Des Moines ( edar Rapids only previous exposure to a cable question put the heavily advertised proposal of General Electric ( ablevision. ail outside firm, before the voters on Nov 7. 1872 They knocked it down by almost 2 to I 28,428 “no” to 15,834 “yes ” This time. very low-key publicizing has moved the issue toward election day in an obvious reversal of the earlier approach The following summations cover highlights of what little give-and-take has educated the electorate from either side Th* Argument* NO IT JHA PEY ER its advantages may he, VV cable TY introduces one drastic change from conventional television Y ou pay to watch instead of watching free The first cable application voted on here called for subscriber fees of $5 a month, after free installation The one now up would set the rate at SH a month (installation $15) The future can bring charges higher still, ii city councilmen approve. Whether pay TY s development eventually could squeeze out free TY and put a price on everything is not now known but worth some thought Contrary to claims of interference-free picture quality, air-temperatlire extremes sometimes do affect cable transmission arid impair the output. Cable wires carried on existing utility poles (unless put underground where others are) create additional unsightliness In most franchise elections, the question to the public includes a detailed ordinance spelling out ail terms of the agreement so the people know exactly what they ll get and what they 're voting on This one merely asks for “yes” or no ’ on a system inuit by the applicant Whether the terms sot forth in a tentative franchise ordinance materialize or something else does is wholly up ti* the city council. Iieyond the voters’ control I’his leaves far tis* much to faith, trust and chance. Ys submitted originally, the ordinance has several features that are vague or open to dispute System-growth promises do not define how annual extensions to “25 porcent of the city would Im* measured Conlusion-prone renumberings of broadcast channels when they go to cable sets is not prohibited The limited underground-ca hie requirements are nut explicit enough Neither are the terms for performance-proof before system operation or the scope of “production facilities’" for public use. Again, the public has no voice directly in the contents of the deal With a score of other cable TY finns still interested in the Cedar Rapids market there is no proof yet th.it this proposal is the twst available iowa s legislature is considering adoption of guidelines for cable TY development statewide. For uniformity and proper safeguards to the public, these should have a chance lo take effect I ic fore the city gets sewed in bv hand to I » vears of cables!itching on its own tionai debt tit *488 billion has accrued under Nixon, whose budgets have ex (ceded an incredible $1 3 trillion The plan is So to change the economic and political structure of the C S that it can be comfortably merged with other socialist nations under a one-world communist government ” • Mr Nixon has been attempting to make the executive department supreme ovei the legislative and judicial branches of government Ile makes war without authorization of congress Ile has decreed executive regulations like the occupational safely and health act and lins, coupled with his wage and pf ic e controls aud shortages al home, has put devastating brakes on our whole machinery of production and distribution. II Richard Nixon is to l*e impeached at all, it should be for all that he has done to promote this “new world order,“ at ail already incredible cost to the welfare of our country. Thomas ( orrera Route J Marion ;

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