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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 4, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa (ch? Ct? tint llttpuU Editorial Page Monday, March 4, 1974 MUS    w    $#    hmm^ gjw« nil .rn Question marks in cable TV Amnesty with strings gains public favor FOH WHATEVER it is worth as an item not under the voters’ control when they vote on a cable TV franchise March 26 in Cedar Rapids, the ordinance proposal behind it does do better by the public than the last one did. One improvement over General Electric Cablevision’s turned-down proposition in 1972 is that the Community Cable Company of Cedar Rapids would set up its system under local ownership. That tends to strengthen chances that the local public interest will be better served than when an outside owner mainly looking for the gravy runs the show. The ordinance itself, as offered to the city council, makes local control a requirement. Any transfer would require city council sanction. Another good requirement not there before would safeguard citizens from cable TV’s built-in possibility for privacy invasion. That potential has to do with feedback that could tell a central office that certain sets are tuned to certain channels or could otherwise give sets an undesired two-way feed. The ordinance proposal says: “No origination of picture, sound, data or other transmission, from a subscriber's home or property shall be permitted without the prior express written consent of the subscriber.’’ Beyond this, as a whole, the ordinance proposal seems to offer terms and promises that would make the Cedar Rapids system pretty much a standard one as cable television systems go. There are, however, several points of oversight, uncertainty or doubt that need a better spelling-out whenever cable TV does get into action here, among them these: • The plan would set aside some channels and make available “production facilities’’ for public .use on cable TV. But it says nothing about providing personnel to guide or help with actual programming — the form and content of what goes out on wires, into homes. • There is no apparent stipulation for a technical “proof of performance’’ to establish that the system meets specifications and quality levels BEFORE it goes into service (thus avoiding interruptions to subscribers afterward, if necessary). • The tentative ordinance calls for underground cable-laying “in all sections’’ of the city where other lines are underground already. But that leaves in question whether all specific “locations’’ with underground facilities must have TV cables there too — a desirable condition to avoid additional unsightliness from new lines overhead. • There is a firm commitment to extend trunk cable lines into “25 percent of the city’’ during cable TV’s first year, and into “25 percent of the city per year thereafter for the next three years.’’ But nothing states how 25 percents are measured—by land area, street distance, number ut properties, population or something else. This needs clearer language too. • Nothing would prevent the cable system from assigning stations in the present local broad-cast-TV array (channels 2, 7, 9 and 12) to different channels altogether. thus confusing viewers and unfairly scrambling local outlets. That should be specifically ruled out. All this, of course, takes shape (or fails to) in an ordinance proposal which will not officially be part of what the public votes on in the franchise-granting question March 26. Whether or not an ultimate franchise ordinance contains the corrections and clarifications it should will depend on what the city council sees fit to do about them AFTER the voters have left it wide open, if their answer comes up “yes.” That leaves many key considerations in the system wholly up to chance or faith. The scope of these uncertainties creates a question as to whether voters will have all the facts they need for confident and thorough judgment at the polls.No free info TO TBF] burgeoning roster of services no longer free-of-charge now add directory assistance calls in Cincinnati. Too many people do not take the time to look up a telephone number, according to the Bell Co. branch there, so — effective March 2 — each customer gets three free information calls a month, then is assessed 20 cents for each call. What makes this worth noting is that Cincinnati’s surcharge has some earmarks of a communications industry prototype, including a double-penalty for callers who inadvertently dial “O’’ instead of the special number for the information operator. Since such a call involves the talents of two operators, the cost is 40 cents. Interestingly, the Cincinnati phone company announced the new charge acting for all the world as if the directory assistance call really was gratis all those years. Most folks probably consider the service part of their phone bill. Guess Ma Bell has shown them. Space feats, ho hum Unbelievably common By Don Oakley A LITTLE MOKE than 16 years after the headlines announced the amazing fact that a man-made satellite circled the earth, the return of the astronauts of Skylab 3 from a record 84 days in orbit was not deemed newsworthy enough to pre-empt scheduled afternoon soap operas. In less than two decades of space exploration, the unbelievable has become the commonplace — a tribute both to human ingenuity and to our ability to weave the most incredible changes into the ordinary fabric of our lives In 1972, for example, the Mariner 9 space probe photomapped the entire planet of Mars (something that has not yet been done for earth), enabling scientists to construct the first photomosaic globe of another planet using pictures beamed back over millions of miles of space. A similar globe for Venus appears unlikely. Photographs taken by another probe, Mariner IO, as it swept by that planet a few weeks ago revealed no break in its solid cloud cover, though patterns that showed up in the photographs will tell much about the dynamic of earth s nearest planetary neighbor F’ven as Mariner IO sped inward toward the sun. Pioneer IO crossed the orbit of Jupiter, experiencing a close call in that planet’s enormously strong magnetic field, on its journey beyond the solar system itself Next planet to undergo the electronic scrutiny of men was Mercury, when Mariner IO flew by on March 29 to take the first close-up photographs of this planet that is closest to the sun. Hadar observations of Mercury made by astronomers at Caltech’s Jet Propulsion laboratory suggest that it is dotted with hills and valleys, plus some large craters, among a number of “intriguing” shapes and features. Mariner IO may tell us what they are, and possibly how they came to be. Thus in less than two decades, men have gone from tossing grapefruit-sized satellites into orbit around the earth to plumbing the inner- and outermost depths of the entire solar system. Since the glory days when it had almost unlimited funds at its disposal, the space program has shrunk to a shadow of its former self Yet it continues to rack up accomplishments that are no less amazing for having become routine, and continues adding impressively to our knowledge about the universe we live in. By Louis Harris I ne Harris Survey A SLIM PLURALITY of Americans (45-43 percent) favor giving amnesty to those who left the country and refused to serve in the armed forces during the war in Vietnam, as long as they are required to put in two years in some form of national service. This represents a change from a year ago. when the vote went against amnesty (49-43 percent) under any condition The key to public willingness to give amnesty to Vietnam draft evaders is tin* proviso for compulsory alternative service. When asked about granting amnesty without such service attached, public opinion comes down 56-30 percent in opposition. Recently, the Harris Survey asked a cross section of 1,594 families nationwide: “Would you favor giving amnesty to those who left the country and refused to serve in the armed forces during the war in Vietnam if they had to spend two years in some form of national service other than the military, or don't you feel that would be right?" 1974 1973 Favor 45 43 Oppose 43 49 Not sure 12 8 Mew soaper Enterprise Association The division in the* country over the amnesty issue is sharp along age, ss?:■ ■■■    si'WFwmW, People’s forumZoning progress? To the Editor: As a resident near the Burchard property at 1935 Mt. Vernon road SE, I am concerned with the rezoning of the area which would permit the construction of a 48-umt apartment complex (two separate buildings). Our homes represent the biggest investment of our lives. Now we see these values threatened by the proposed erection of a sprawling apartment complex, complete with cars, delivery trucks, parking spaces, pollution and ever more pollution. But before this can happen, out with the trees. Make way for progress. Whose1 progress? We are not opposed to progress, but a high-density property, and certainly a high density property on three-levels, can not be classified otherwise. Unselfish progress with the right motivation is but a dream, perhaps. Multiple dwellings in the larger cities seem to be concentrated in certain well-defined areas, not wedged in between private residences. Due to accelerating the meeting date of the zoning and planning commission by about two weeks, we have been unable to contact many of the people who, I am sure, would have responded. Where will it end? Will this spot-zoning, if a reality, continue to threaten those of us who would like to live out our lives in the quiet and comfort of our homes? Mrs. George F. Zavoral HH»7 Twentieth street SELong trucks To the Editor: I wonder how many people neglected writing the governor on the assumption he would veto the long-truck bill. This bill is against the interest of the people of Iowa on the following points: I Instead of saving fuel as argued, it will increase the use of fuel because traffic will be diverted from the railroads which are far more efficient in the use of fuel. 2. Deterioration of highways will be accelerated, costing the [xople of Iowa dearly. 3. The increase iii truck traffic will cause more accidents, more deaths, more injuries and larger financial losses for the Iowa motorist. 4 Iowa railroads will Ix* hurt, further reducing their ability to provide needed transportation for Iowa farmers M. P Roller HiawathaEconomics To the Editor On the* F eb. 21 editorial page under the heading, “Should congress roll back the price of domestic oil?”, it seemed to me that The Gazette was riot in favor of a price rollback I have art opposite opinion and agree HNI percent with Sen. Henry Jackson s bill for a rollback iii the price of oil. It is my opinion mat The Gazette is also in favor of the high cost of living and a continued rise in inflation and more dollar devaluation, and no sympathy for education, occupational, and sex lines, as the following breakdowns of the national results indicate: f av or On Not % pose sure % Nationwide 45 43 12 By age 18 29 55 36 9 30 49 44 45 I I 50 and over 36 48 16 By education 8th grade or less 35 41 24 High school 42 46 12 • College 5 i 42 7 By occupation Professional 54 37 9 Bus. exec. 51 45 4 Skilled labor 40 47 13 White collar 46 44 IO By sex Men 42 48 IO Women 47 39 14 Louis Harris serve in the armed forces during the Vie! namese war?’’ 1974 % 1973 % 1972 % Favor 30 24 27 Oppose 56 67 60 Not sure 14 9 13 Young people, the college educated, professional and business executive types, and women shape up into a coalition that has now carried the day, albeit by a razor thin margin, for amnesty with national service. Older people, the less well educated, skilled labor, and men stand in opposition Amnesty without any strings attached is still solidly opposed by a majority of tilt1 public. The cross-section was asked: “Do you favor or oppose giving amnesty to those men who left the country rather than M y-"; W - - SIMI Ii <■- 41 the consumer. The editors of The Gazette are like a bunch of wet rags. They are what one calls go-along-w iths: Go along with the monopoly of the oil industry. Go along with the 6.2 percent increase in just gasoline according to the price index. This does not include fuel oil or the various types of bottled gas. Go along with the independent truck drivers’ strike, a direct result of increased diesel prices. Go along with the increase in freight prices and rates because they had to lie raised in order for the truck driver to make a little profit. Go along with the" increase in the finished product that either the business man or private industry has to sell because of the increase in freight rates, due to the take it all when you can attitude of the monopolistic oil companies. And go along with the consumer in having him pay for all of the above. VV hat the editors of The Gazette ought to do is read the book on the system of free enterprise again. There is a difference between tin' free enterprise system and the monopolistic oil industry. No. I would have to go along with Sen. Henry Jackson. This man really understands the predicament of the consumer, and realizes the real threat that the big five in the oil industry are trying to do to the consumer by turning off a few of their valves and creating a false demand for the products that they manfuacture. It is unfortunate indeed that the editors of The Gazette don’t seem to have the foresight to see this picture like it really is. Oliver R. Fore 2307 0 avenue NW (Editor s note: We don t go along with this analysis.)Profile of a law firm' Although opposition to unconditional amnesty nas dropped by ll points in the past year, nonetheless the set of public opinion is still solidly against it Although young people under 30 favor it by 47-42 percent, a heavy 66-19 percent majority among those over 50 opposes it. Running rather deep in tin* American grain are two basic beliefs w hich keep a majority from backing unconditional amnesty: • By 58-31 percent, a majority of tin* public agrees with the statement that those who left the country rather than serve in the armed forces “refused to serve their country and should pay the price.” • Bv 57-32 percent, a majority also agrees with the view that ’’it would dishonor the memory of Americans who di(.d in Vietnam if draft evaders were let go without punishment • By 59-31 percent, a majority also rejects the claim that “the war is over for the U.S. in Vietnam and the draft evaders have suffered enough, so they should be given amnesty.” And b> 51) 35 percent, the argument is rejected that “the Vietnam war was a mistake and nobody else should be made to suffer more as a result of it, including those who refused to serve in the armed forces." The forgiving qualities o! the American public obviously come into conflict with the principle of equality of sacrifice, especially in tune of war. Therefore, most Americans are unsympathetic to the idea of unconditional amnesty for those who refused to serve and left the country. However, once some service requirement outside tilt* militai\ presumably in schools, hospitals, or prisons — is tackl'd onto the amnesty offer, then the public turns about. And, for the first time, a narrow plurality of the public is willing to grant amnesty, subject to the national service condition Chicooo Tribune Novi. York Nows Syndicate i The odds go up (no*! Young staff works on ouster By Elder Witt WASHINGTON - Its offices, in a converted hotel, are hardly elegant. There are no walnut doors bearing the name Doar & Jenner. But the staff of 43 lawyers hired by the house judiciary committee to investigate impeachment charges against President Nixon is the capital’s most important new law firm. Its clients are the 38 members of the judiciary committee, all of whom are attorneys themselves. The importance of its work to congress, the President and the nation cannot be overestimated; its integrity and credibility will be crucial in determining the outcome of the inquiry. But little is known about the 43 staff lawyers and the qualifications they bring to such a historic task Information isn t easy to find. Although their name's and basic biographical data were made public in early February, there wi re no details. Queries from Congressional Quarterly concerning which attorneys had been Insights ;%/4 nj O* mi ?«***• kl 1 WW A boy is, of all wild beasts, the most difficult to manage Plato chosen by the Republicans and who was working in different subject areas were brushed aside. Such information was confidential, aides said Members of the staff are forbidden to discuss their work or that of the committee’s with anyone not on the staff But a profile of the group can be traced from available information. Most noticeable of the characteristics of the staff is its youth: the average attorney is 33. Albert FL Jenner, jr., the minority counsel for the inquiry, is the most senior member at a youthful looking 66. with more than 40 years of experience as a practicing attorney in Chicago. John M Doar, the committee’s special counsel, is 52 — a veteran of seven years in the civil rights division of the justice department during the most crucial years of the civil rights movement. Only one other member of the staff besides Doar is in his fifties. Only four are in their forties, including Oakland attorney Joseph A Woods, jr., a law school classmate of Doar who now heads the constitutional and legal research unit of the staff, and Richard L. Cates of Madison, Wis., who shares supervisory authority over the task forces engaged in factual research. Of the remaining members of the legal staff, half are in their thirties and half in their twenties — eight just out of law school in the spring of 1973 Harvard, Yale and Columbia law schools can boast the largest number of alumni on the impeachment inquiry staff with seven, six and five attorneys respectively. But 17 other law schools also arc represented, from Berkeley to Rutgers to the University of Arkansas. F our of the attorneys are black, two are women Only about half of the 43 attorneys have engaged in private practice during the last decade. Of these, 15 have only practiced for three years or less From government or other public service come Doar, a deputy and 14 of the lawyers; three others come from legal aid work, one from teaching and one from business. Eight have served in the justice department — one, Edward S Szukelewicz, is a veteran of 22 years there. Two have clerked for supreme court justices, while others have worked for the Federal Communications Commission, the General Accounting Office the Federal Energy Office, the city of New York, the now-defunct house select committee with $1 million for the inquiry, with more to come' Committee leaders continually have emphasized the bipartisan nature of tin* inquiry. The Republicans were allowed to choose approximately one-third of tho staff attorneys Yet at least two of their choices were* young men whose backgrounds did not necessarily Indicate unswerving loyalty to the President Theodore It Tetzlaff served fur a time as ac ting director of the legal servic es program of the Office of Economic (rn! per trinity. Ile was fired in 1973 by Howard Phillips, whom President Nixon had an jointed to preside over the dismantling of And William Anthony White a luau graduate of Northwestern law school came to the- staff from the office of the ii’ S. attorney for the' Distric t of Columbo. the office which prosecuted ,h(. c aught inside the Watergate on Jam ,? Confrttttooui Ouori#t|y I * I ;

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