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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 29, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Mon , July 29. 1971 «    ~    t    «    eft    «    .■.%■•■ ♦. urn.    |    * " » »•    ■    I(»r-r    „ jb.    _    '    •%«**,    -,«***.<•- * - 1 * ' . \ •* **?*•* ^ ^2* 1^4 Mfcp* r j>WW* Lr- *s* %& B*%4; ^ .-  MKks^u. 7**^? - 'n *V|>V' -- *“ im llMit    Ii *« ^ i    , fe^SSw • : *4 ... * rn m . < •-,' *..*m^,    I    ija(fc>    %    'pf    i. .** % J <V *, I ..: # AP Nowsfeoturc Photo Farmer Don Hight surveys part of his buffalo herd near Murdo, S.D. Men who began raising buffalo as a novelty have begun to find out that the animals will outweigh, outfight and outsell a beef cow ar market time. Prices are up and the demand for buffalo steaks is unprecedented, happy ranchers report Drought Deflates Corn Estimates WASHINGTON (AP) — Tho agriculture department has trimmed 2.2 percent' tiff the top of its predicted estimate of the 1974-75 corn crop because of hot. dry weather this month which has brought drought to some sections of the nation's “breadbasket.’’ The range of 5.95 to ti.22 billion bushels now projected would still be a record crop, the Outlook and Situation Board said. Two weeks earlier the corn production range was placed at 5.95 billion to ti.35 billion bushels The board also dropped its prospective figures for the combined feed grains and for sun beans. Reduced Feeding It further explained that a 31-million bushel underestimate of the July I carryover of wheat was caused by reduced feeding of that major grain to livestock Tilt1 report said that a combination of .in estimated feed grain carryover Oct. I of 26 percent less than a year ago and the reduced prospects of this year's production means an even tighter supply into next year. The board also increased tin1 indicated exports of feed grains from the 1973-74 crops from 42.8 million tons to 43.7 million, which will result in a further lowering of next year's carryover. Sorghum Down In addition to dropping projected corn output, the board reduced the grain sorghum estimate of H5tl million bushels on July 12 to a range of Hid million to 83(1 million. Last year sorghum production reached a record 937 million bushels Soybean yield prospects. which were affected in the spring by rains that delayed planting, “have been further reduced by hot. dry weather to a range of 25 to 27 bushels per acre.” the report said. Prospects had been for yields of 26 5 to 28 bushels an acre after two seasons of 27.8-liushel yields. The board said that although it was reducing its estimates, “any projections concerning soybeans and products are extremely uncertain right now." Booklet Promises Real’ Facts about Food Prices WASHINGTON (IPI) ~ The agriculture department has produced a booklet which officials say contains “the real facts” about what’s been happening to food prices. According to the pamphlet, prices are up because: Consumers are earning more money and “bidding” more for food. Foreign demand for F. S. farm products has increased Poor Americans are getting more food aid. Food production dropped slightly last year. Costs charged by middlemen and retailers have increased Iowans Take Active Roles In Junior Hereford Event COUNCIL BLUFFS - At the first National Junior Polled Hereford Assn. heifer show and forum in Nashville, an Iown was elected to the vice-chairman’s position on the national council. D. Richard Olsen of Council Bluffs, president of the Iowa Junior Polled Hereford Assn., in addition to election to the council post was named director of Area 3, which includes Iowa. Richard is a student at Iowa State university, majoring in animal science. Other Iowans who received honors in the 25-state show were heifer exhibitors Jean Martin of Van Horne, Rogar Olsen of Council Bluffs, Cindy Schmitt of Nichols and Becky Shaffer of Vinton. In a judging contest of over 300 participants, Craig Olsen of Minden placed first and Liberta Krug of Atkins placed seventh. The booklet, titled “The Real Facts about Food," includes a review of recent price trends and recites the explanations Agriculture Secretary Earl But/ has given in repeated speeches of tile price boom of thi* last two years. Food vs. Pay In 1973. the pamphlet says, the average American spent 17 cents per day more on food than in 1972. the biggest yearly gain in a quarter of a century . But average after-tax take home pay in 1973 was up $1 a day from 1972. The pamphlet also stressed Blitz’s often-used statistic showing that only 15.7 percent of average U. S. income in 1973 was spent for food, compared with 5(1 percent or more spent in food in some other countries. Income Factor But the new booklet, unlike a similar one printed last year, conceded that families with incomes below $3,000 a year “may spend more than 5(1 percent of their after-tax incomes on their food needs." 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IMPORTED FROM ENGLAND Wide selection of styles in this durable wall covering Strippoble and pre trimmed for easy decorating REGULAR 5.50-9.95 SINGLE ROLL 1.19 3.75 25% 25% 20% YOU CAN COUNT ON MORRIS FOR THE LARGEST SELECTION OF ALL TYPES OF WALL COVERINGS IN THE MIDWEST! Allow up to 5 days for delivery ROLL ROLL DECORATE NOW! 3 EASY WAYS TO PAY . AVCO Better Living Plan, BankAmericard or Master Charge. Decorating Centers LINDALE PLAZA Phone 393-4016Bullish BuHaloMarket Gold Roams Them Thor Hills By SU*vt* Moore HELENA. Mont (AP) — The buffalo market is bullish Here un the high plains of the Rocky Mountain country, ranchers who started raising buffalo as a novelty or hobby now find they have some valuable beasts romping around Markets and restaurants are ordering buffalo meat in record amounts Boh Schall, a Montana rancher — one of a handful raising buffalo — is still kicking himself for liquidating part of his herd in recent years Brices are up, demand unprecedented. Great herds of buffalo, numbering an estimated 20 million in the mid-lHOOs, once roamed this country. They were slaughtered for their hides and for meat as settlers moved West. Historians said there were only 551 in 1889 when the* federal government took emergency action to save them from extinction Park Protection Roy Houck, president of tin* National Buffalo Assn., who operates a 50JMK)-acre buffalo ranch west of Pierre, S I) , said there are about 30,000 buffalo in this country today. About 5,-ooo of them arc on refuges or in federal parks — 1.000 in Yellowstone national park, about 500 in Wichita wildlife refuge at Cache. Okla., 400 at the National Bison range in Montana and smaller herds at other national parks in the West. The rest are owned privately. Houck, who believes he is tin1 nation s largest buffalo feeder with a herd of J.500 — not including this year’s calf crop — said there are 20,000 buffalo in Canada. If a rancher can keep the symbol of the American West behind stout fences, odds are there’s money to hi' made. But keeping them fenced isn t easy. Large hulls have been known to reach 3.000 pounds The average buffalo weighs from 1,600 to 2.000 pounds and roams constantly over great stretches of grassland. Top-weight cattle, by comparison, usually don't exceed 1.500 pounds and lack the* buffalo’s wanderlust. stringent as those for slaughtering beef cattle, although all commercial outlets are state-inspected. Houck said some people not knowledgeable about buffalo had been critical of their commercial slaughter “because it appears to hi1 cutting down on their numbers.” That is untrue, he said. "Most slaughter animals are surplus males and old cows. All producing females are kept. I don't know of any productive animals used for slaughter anywhere," he said. A spokesman for the National Bison range said the entire herd there probably could bi1 sold at a moment’s notice. In 1969. the range sold 79 buffalo which brought an average price of $368 48 a head Victor May, range foreman, said the 7(1 buffalo moved through the auction ring this year brought an average of over $500 each Representative Herd Pound for pound, buffalo meat sells at prices 25 to 50 percent higher than beef. A grass-fed buffalo is slaughtered at 3 to 4 years of age Grain-fed tattle go to market when they're two. The nearly 19.000-acre National Bison range was established in 1908 to help perpetuate a representative herd of American buffalo. The herd is kept at about 320 animals. “They’re a pretty good piece of merchandise," May said Aside from the meat demand, there is money in buffalo heads and hides. Hi* estimated current sales of cull animals could be doubled or tripled overnight. Houck said his business is “very good. Demand is way in excess of supply and the problem is distribution." He said some distributors are leery of adding buffalo beef to their product line for fear the supply will run out. Ile began buffalo ranching in 1958 His son, .Jerry, said sales of buffalo meat at $1.33 a pound for the hind quarter are at least 25 percent higher than for a comparable beef quarter He said most ranch sales are to private purchasers and chain stores. Largest Customers Began as Hobby Schall said raising buffalo has boon akin to a poker game and he lost one hand. “If I’d seen this increased demand I probably would have fenced a little better and not liquidated ” He had about 159 animals in recent years hut cut the herd to about 59 on the 6.900-acre ranch he operates on the Flathead Indian reservation south of th** National Bison range “I got started in this as a hobby, but the buffalo have been real good for the ranch,” he said. Schall recently shipped some heifer calves to Idaho for about $490 each. He has customers in Washington as well. and in his own region. “One man runs a restaurant in Fast Port, Idaho, and he’s on me all the time for buffalo. Right now he has some deal on the World’s Fair Kxpo ’74 in Spokane, Wash., and he wants some more,” Schall said. Houck said buffalo slaughter for commercial purposes, in any volume, began IO to 12 years ago. It started on a Wyoming ranch where the meat was sold to Safeway stores and then in Custer state park. S I)., where it was sold to Red Owl stores. Slaughter Surplus He operates his own slaughter and processing plant. Some of the meat is processed at USDA-inspccted plants, such as one in Rapid City, S I)., but Houck noted buffalo is still considered “a wild animal,” and restrictions are not as The Durham Meat Co., San Jose, Calif., lists Safeway, Red Owl, National Tea and Albertson’s supermarket chains as large customers for buffalo meat. Bud Flocchini, vice-president and part owner of Durham, said his firm also has buffalo meat available by mail order in relatively small quantities. It sells for $4.99 a pound for boneless buffalo steak, $4 19 a pound for T-bone steak, $2.59 for roasts, $2.85 for stew meat and $1.50 for ground buffalo burger. The California company operates a buffalo ranch of 59,099 acres near Gillette, Wye., feeding about 3.(KIO head In many instances, Flocchini said, buffalo meat sells 59 percent higher than a comparable cut of beef. -Jim Salmond, his brother and father operate a 69,999-acre ranch west of Choteu on the east side of the Continental Divide where their 75 buffalo roam between the Sun and Teton rivers. “They just travel wherever they want to go. They’re on the move all the time,” he said. Japanese Purchase The herd is down from 129 animals in previous years and the Salmonds are rebuilding because of demand The Salmonds recently sold 1.990 pounds of buffalo bull meat to Japan at $1 a pound At the time, that was about 49 percent more than the same amount of beef would have brought. Kenmore Zig-Zag with Four Stretch Stitches . . . Regular 8153 Just Dial lo Sew • Zip-Zag, straight, blind hemming and mending stitches • 4 stretch stitches • Built-in buttonholing I se Sears Kasy Payment Plan v y k    a    fir •Ii'* . H C* Install the Head iii Your Own' Sears Case or Cabinet or Buy the Case or Cabinet Illustrated Handsome Cabinet 99 39 Walnut-finish hardwood with medium sheen. Brass-finish pull. Lots of work space: 45 Mein. wide, opened. Carrying Case 19" Hi-impact plastic ease with snap-loeks and luggage-type tarrying handle. In light green color. Easy to carry. 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