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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 12, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Prevention of Alcoholism My Harrison Weber DES MOINES — (IOPA) — One out of 15 people who drink are — or will become — alcoholics. Once an alcoholic, the chance of recovery is one in four. William Plymat is bent on changing those statistics. A formidable task, yes. But William Plymat is no ordinary individual. He was a co-founder, in 1944, of Preferred Risk Mutual Insurance Co., in Des Moines which pioneered in writing automobile insurance for the nondrinking driver. Today, the 63-year-old Plymat, who has a law degree, is chairman of the board of Preferred Risk. Plymat has long been active Supervisors Open Bicycle Pathway Bids IOWA CITY _ The Johnson county board of supervisors Wednesday opened bids on a proposed two-mile bike path which would extend from Iowa City to the Coralville reservoir area. Wolf constructiom of Iowa City was the apparent low bidder. Three methods of construction were considered. The Wolf firm bid $18,800 for crushed rock, the most likely material to be used. Within $19,000 The Wolf bid was the only one within the $19,000 apparently available for the project. Project GREEN, a local citizen’s group, is expected to donate $9,000 to the project. Johnson county and Iowa City have budgeted $5,000 each for the path. Decision Deferred A final decision on accepting the bid was deferred until next week to enable Project GREEN to review the bids. Iowa Road Builders bid $27,216 for crushed rock, $64,638 for concrete and $80,190 for sidewalk cement type of construction. Wolf construction offered no bid for concrete, but its bid for sidewalk-type cement was $49,086. Review Remodeling In other business the board reviewed the proposed remodeling of the court house. The total project cost is estimated at $480 OOO for renovation. Replacing courthouse facilities is estimated at between $1 ami $2 million. The supervisors ordered a study-cost of five items in the renovation budget. They would be cost of a new roof, entrance ramp, remodeling the front entrance, repairing of windows and stairway lighting. in local, state and national organizations keyed at preventing alcoholism. He currently is president of the American Council on Alcohol Problems and as a state senator has been a leading spokesman for the ‘'drys” in the Iowa legislature. Expert on Subject Although he has a strong personal belief in total abstinence, his views on alcoholism are not provincial. In fact, through his diligent research he has become something of an expert on the subject. This is borne out by the trip Plymat will take next week to Europe where he will address the International Seminar on Alcohol and Narcotics Policy at Helsinki, Finland. Some 2.000 people are expected to be in attendance. Plymat’s message is that the time has come to pull together all the research on alcoholism and perfect a better system for rehabilitating the alcoholic. One problem is finding the nature of the disease. Is it caused by one factor, or many factors? Differing Views Some psychiatrists, according to Plymat, view the problem as simply a neurotic, psychotic or personality maladjustment. At the other end of the spectrum are those who view the problem as a metabolic one, or one involved with purely physical causes having to do with genetic origin, family traits, hormonal elements, liver differences, hypothalamus differences, and abilities having to do with the metabolizing of glucose in the body. “There seems to be a sort of war between theorists in these areas,” Plymat noted, “each viewing those of a different point of view as sort of enemies.” One research source that Plymat likes to quote is Dr. James Smith, director of Schick’s Shaded hospital in Seattle. Based on research the last few years, Dr. Smith contends that alcoholism may soon be recognized as “a metabolic rather than a psychiatric disease.” Physical Aspects Smith believes that much of the frustration and discouragement which is felt by the alcoholic, and also by his doctor, can be eliminated once the alcoholic realizes that there are important physical aspects to alcoholism. What are the differences that Dr. Smith contends exist? Here are a few': The incidence of color blindness in alcoholics is greater than in the general population. Mlood group “A” is found in alcoholics more often than in the general population. A disproprotionately. high percentage of alcoholics are unable to taste the chemical phenolthiocarbimide.” Alcoholics in contrast to nonalcoholics showed abnormalities in adrenal gland functions, regulation of blood pressure, and metabolism of glucose. Two enzymes produced in the liver were found to be at different levels in the case of alcoholics in contrast to nonalcoholics. Alcoholics break down one amino acid to one abnormal end product and nonalcoholics break the acid down to a normal end product. Plymat is indeed intrigued by the alcoholism treatment program at Seattle. Therapy at the Shadel hospital stems from an interest in alcoholism by Los Angeles businessman Patrick J. Frawley, jr., who claims to have spent $5 million in developing programs and centers at Fort Worth, Los Angeles and Seattle. Unusual Hypothesis “Frawley has a multitude of unusual hypothesis in the field that relate to the physical susceptibility of persons to al cohol addiction because of their genetic origin, etc. I believe these are worthy of extensive investigation and research, but I recognize that it may be quite some time before we are able to secure investigation of these hypothe-sees due to the resistance of persons committed to other ideas and therapies,” Plymat said. As a former member of the state commission on alcoholism, Plymat has expressed a keen interest in trying new techniques in rehabilitating alcoholics. In fiscal 1973, he points out, the Harrison treatment center for alcoholics in Des Moines admitted 1.623 patients. Of these, 447 were new admissions. They may have been seen previously in other hospitals, but they were new to the Harrison center. The rest, 1,076 were re-admissions. Of these, 274 were second admissions, 162 were third admissions, 118 were fourth admissions, and 514 were fifth or more. “Aversion Therapy” There is a sharp contrast between this record, Plymat notes emphatically, and that of the Schnick Shadel hospital in Seattle which uses “aversion therapy.” The Seattle hospital, according to Plymat, claims that in the neighborhood of 60 percent of its patients have not had a drink within the period of four years after their treatment. The Des Moines insurance executive is hopeful that a special 20-member task force may come up With some answers to this perplexing problem. The task force, headed by South Carolina Gov. John West, is an outgrowth of a new federal-state alliance that has been formed to help advance national awareness of the scope and seriousness of this country’s alcohol-related problems and to help develop programs for combating and helping prevent the problems that arise from a alcohol use. Deep River School Board Hires Faculty; Grants Pay Raises Used Car Auction Slated in Des Moines DES MOINES (IDPA) - One-hundred, fifty-eight used state cars and trucks will be auctioned off to the highest bidder in Des Moines July 20. Milford L. Juhl, state vehicle dispatcher, said he expects quite a bit of interest by the public in the 52 compacts that will be put on the auction block. All vehicles have been safety inspected. The auction, which will start at IO a.m. July 20, is to be held at the state vehicle dispatcher’s garage, which is located on the southwest corner of the capitol grounds. Girl Suffers Burns IOWA CITY - A 12-year-old Des Moines girl, Sandra Rogers, was listed in critical condition at University hospitals here today with burns over 90 percent of her body following a fire at her home late Thursday. DEEP RIVER - New faculty assignments, pay raises for non-certified personnel, summer maintenance on buildings and future improvements were highlights aired at the Wednesday evening Deep River-Millersburg Community school board meeting at Deep River. Dr. Larry D. Klein met with the board for the first time in his position as superintendent. In his ten days on the job, Klein had researched a number of areas in preparation for school opening Aug. 26. Hired recently were Carole L. Tuecker, vocal music; Marilyn J. Russell, English, class play sponsor; Julianne E. Ziegler, 7-12 grade art; James Welander, instrumental music; Harleen S. Bott, home economics; Bob Berg-gran, math, boys’ basketball coach, junior high athletics; David K. Ottson, physical education and social studies, and Donnettc Abbot, first grade. The board expects to hire a science instructor, upon accepting a late resignation from John Becker, who asked to be released in order to accept a post near his home in Pennsylvania. Becker has served here seven years. Salary Increases An eight percent pay raise was given to Dr. Klein’s sec retary, Cleo Montross, to $4,770 for a ten-month schedule. Other part-time secretaries will receive salary increases and be paid $2.10 per hour. Because of extended hours and added duties in the new addition, the Millersburg custodian’s salary was set at $9,400, and he will receive additional part-time help. The Deep River custodian's wages were raised to $7,000. Summer maintenance at Millersburg center has included painting halls, walls and ceilings, stripping and sealing floors. Improvements at Deep River have been similar and also include adding storage, shelves, painting blackboards, installing new shades and adding a guard rail. Roofs on all buildings are being inspected for possible repairs. Costs Paid A south wall of the new Deep River multi-purpose building will also be strengthened. (Conversion costs of the former industrial arts department at Millersburg into a boys’ shower room will be explored. All construction costs have been paid, except a final fee of $200 due to the architect in December and $4,000 held in escrow for Gethmann Con-s t r u c t i o n Co., Gladbrook, pending correction of a moisture condensation problem at Deep River. Dr. Klein told the board he will continue to work with the company on finishing details of new additions to both attendance centers and that he plans to review with the board a handbook on their duties, in addition to assembling a policy on methods of school operation. A new-teacher workshop is slated for Aug. 20 at 9:30 a.m. Other pre-school opening meetings include: Aug. 21, Deep Rive--Millersburg Education Assn. meeting, IO a.m.; Aug. 22, all teachers workshop, 9 a.m., and Aug. 23, all teachers workshop. A special meeting will be held with English Valley’s school board July 31 for the purpose of explaining the new system of area school districts and services available. Mother’s Day to Give "Fresh Fruit Basket, They’re •The Sweetest Gifts. . .Anytime HEAPING 'APECK ....$3.50 HEAPING Vz PECK ....$6.50 HEAPING FULL PECK . .$9.00 Sift cello wijpped & a Chesil Bow. Free Deliver? to Either Hospital . DALE'S FRUIT MARKET 3331 Center PL Id. NE- )    364    3314    Open    9    to    6 I Daft' •It’s a good time to feed your garden. Feed plants now for added crop production- • ORTHO—Tomato or General Purpose Food • Miracle-Gro for Tomatoes with: Dust your vegetables to keep bugs off and help control diseases with tomato and vegetable dust. Pecks has a complete line of garden foods, insecticides and fungicides. And if you have a plant problem bring in a sample and we will help you with the correct treatment. ions WAREHOUSE •ie. me * \ • ♦ «< *    a    •    yr    »    Ty    4 -M.i • X" wmmrn CFN!**!. *!** KIUIAN'S VARE Mouse Carpet Warehouse located on I st Street and 5th Avenue S.E. 6 HOURS ONLY! Saturday (July 13) 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM SAVE ON ENTIRE STOCK! MANY MAKERS! MANY STYLES' ALL TOP QUALITY CARPETING Roll Ends and Remnants Room Size Rugs 48.00 TO 108.00 X \cX c\0* \.ee <5 100% Nylon Shag Solids and Multi-color Philadelphia Roue SQ. YD. sa til by B\ge\o^ 1e*We sa to. of f^euerco\°* ee( A?9 sa''0 rtr,o/P°We' A°° \e^e £rob°s .\\” V: o [flower a garden shop A ®. sa- 5008 Center Point Road, NE Phone 393-5565 LANDSCAPE DESIGNERS AND CONTRACTORS ;

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