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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 3, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Hoofbeats on Capitol Hill ‘Aid to cattlemen ill-advised From the Wall Street Journal An editorial /"V K HF'ARTFKLT sympathies go to the nation's livestock feeders and ranchers, who have lost more than $1 billion since beef and hon prices broke last fall. Our regrets do not extend to having the taxpayers bail the boys out of their financial difficulties, however, even though they are understandably arguing that because the government helped get them in this fix it has an obligation to get them out. The simple answer to the above is that the government didn’t force anyone to do anything against his will, but simply caused general confusion in the industry last year by freezing beef prices. Whenever the government suspends the law of supply and demand iii an industry. the industry has to make economic judgments without benefit of a price signal. Operating in the blind, and assuming the public would continue to increase its consumption of meat even at sharply higher prices, the livestock feeders bid the prices of feeder cattle and hogs into the stratosphere. They were wrong. They now want the government to bail them out with loan guarantees, and the senate has whipped up an emergency program to that effect. There are at least two good reasons why such a program should not be enacted. One is that credit guarantees further cloud the signals of the market, on the margin encouraging investment in feedlot operations when at the moment there is obviously oversupply. Secondly, it would be a dangerously bad precedent. Every sector of the economy can now put together a case that it has been harmed by government interference in the marketplace, and we would Ik* the first to agree. But can the government guarantee everyone’s credit? The other hot idea the livestock people In defense of affirmative action have been pushing is to reimpose quotas on meat imports. “There is simply no justification for permitting unlimited meat imports into our nation today,” says Iowa's Sen Richard ( lark in urging same Without realizing how foolish it sounds, the senator also says “the administration can do more to encourage beef exports Specifically, this country can accelerate negotiations with Canada that will lead to a lifting of the Canadian ban on beef imports." In other words, all those foreigners should stop sending us beef and we have to talk them into buying ours. It is unfortunate that ll. S. trading partners have been restricting meat imports, giving one excuse or another The real reason is that just as there are now hoofbeats on Capitol Hill, livestock interests the world over have been stampeding their respective governments into protectionist, beggar-thy-neighbor policies. The price slump, after all. lias been worldwide. How nice it would be if the United States were in a position to express outrage at these practices. Hut the United States itself is the culprit. We're the main consumers of beef in the world; the world price rises and falls chiefly as a result of supply and demand here. During the last big price slump in livestock, congress passed the meat import quota act of 19(54, signaling the livestock producers abroad that there was only limited access to the biggest market. When supplies tightened and (juntas were lifted in June, 1972, the U. S. government thereby invited producers abroad to gear up again for this market. Senator Clark. Opinion Page 2 Views Ideas    Insights Judgments    Comments The price freeze last year not only confused the domestic industry, it confounded the foreign producers How can we now blame them for wanting relief from the selfish and absurd stop-and-go policies of the U. S, government ' Enough is enough. The domestic livestock people, who are big boys, should recognize thai government “assistance” is an illusion, that the inevitable effect of loan guarantees or import quotas is simply a deepening of the curves in the beef cycle With no government interference at all. there would still bi* ups and downs iii the industry. Hut it would take one of nature’s worst catastrophes to trigger a boom and bust cycle of the kind the government fashioned these past few years. Instead of caving in to the livestock lobby and starting the cycle again, the government should emphatically renounce these assistance schemes lf it does so with enough conviction, it might be in a position to persuade our wary trade partners that we can be trusted They’d then have a better chance of resisting the pleas of their livestock interests and the nontariff barriers to trade can be negotiated away. Whether the cowboys believe it or not, the quickest way to get their industry back to health is to get themselves and their horses back on the range, or at least out of Washington, I). (’. Valuable, short-term tool’ By Tom Wicker A STUDY such as that just being published by the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education appears to support the anger of many Americans at what the government calls “affirmative action" and they denounce as “reverse discrimination.’’ That anger is still misplaced, if understandable; it is rather like being angry at a painful treatment rather than at the wound or illness that made it necessary. The new study was compiled by Dr. Richard A. Lester of Princeton as an offshoot of the Carnegie Commission’s massive inquiry into higher education. It concludes that “affirmative action” by colleges and universities to hire blacks and women is lowering academic standards, elevating unqualified persons beyond their abilities, and discriminating against white men of higher qualification. laster wants a different emphasis on, not an end to, “affirmative action.’’ News accounts of his study say he *fi-vocal es less stress on hiring available minority group members, and more on increasing the supply of well qualified black and female academics — which means more black and women students in the universities and professional schools. Unfortunately, that goal, sensible as it is, runs straight into strong opposition to a different kind of “reverse discrimination’’ — preferences for blacks and women in higher education admission policies The Defunis case, tuken to the supreme court by a w hite student refused admission to the University of Washington law school because of its “affirmative action’’ policies, did much to focus that opposition So Lester’s recommendation only shifts the problem from hiring policy to admissions policy, without really solving either. Somewhat similarly, he wrote that “affirmative action” to hire a sufficient number of blacks and women was more applicable to “typists, bricklayers or punch press operators’’ than to “choosing a medieval historian Hut “affirmative action” is not really welcome at any employment level — as witness the fact that on the same day U'ster s study wus publicized, so was the action of a group of New Yorkers of Italian descent, who were forming organizations to fight "reverse discrimination" against themselves, They believed blacks and Puerto Ricans, in particular, were being livered by special programs and job preferences on a much broader scale than in faculty hiring No one likes to be, or should be, discriminated against As these Americans of Italian descent see it, and no doubt with reason, they are legitimately protecting their own interests Academics disturbed by "affirmative action" are doing the same, as well as trying to uphold academic standards — if standards are, as Lester believes, being undermined Hut the need for “affirmative action” arose only because some groups — primarily white males — for years were greatly advantaged at the expense of others Colleges and universities, in particular. having for so long discriminated against women in their admissions policies, having excluded blacks by racial segregation and by merit systems oriented to the white middle class, are in poor position now to decry the shortage of qualified blacks and women. Nor is there much evidence to suggest that discriminatory policies, either in universities or elsewhere, would have changed sufficiently without the pressures of “affirmative action.” The fact is that there is no way to redress a deep-seated grievance without shaking and disarranging things as they are, and disadvantaging some who would otherwise have been preferred. This causes understandable anger and resentment and raises the cry that two wrongs don’t make a right; but neither does ending a discriminatory practice in Way with words name only, without some effort to recover what has been lost by those discriminated against The major problems caused by “affirmative action,” moreover, are temporary. Some academic authorities believe, for example, that the number of blacks and other minorities in medical schools has been sufficiently increased so that preferential admissions policies on their behalf are no longer needed. This reflects the fact that undergraduate colleges — not least because of “affirmative action" pressures — are turning out more and more minority graduates who can compete equally for places in professional schools. Hut if “affirmative action” is necessary arid valuable as a short-term instrument of redressing a grievance, it is still preference by race and sex, and such preferences are not finally compatible with democratic society. That is why it is all the more necessary to speed the day when all Americans can compete for education and jobs on an equal basis of merit, without preference and without discrimination. New York Times Service ‘Should of’ must go By Theodore M. Bernstein WE’VE HAD enough of of. What bothers Mrs. S. U. E. of Warrington, Pa., is the use of would of instead of would hove. When people speak, the contraction would've often sounds like would of, so you can’t blame some school kids for writing it that way—once. Hut if teachers are doing their job properly, that first time should lie the last time. Hadn t of is something quite different because rudn't have is not good English to liegiii with When to use that. There is a tendency among many newspaper copy editors to eliminate tin* conjunction that almost every time it appears. Unfortunately, it is not possible to lay down any rules on when it should be used and when it may be omitted. In most instances its inclusion or exclusion is a mutter of Idiom — thut Is. how the sentence sounds to one whose native tongue is English In general you cannot go wrong if you include it. Mrs. Gordon A Boyer of Shreveport. La., raises the question, which has been discussed here before. She cites a sentence that was edited thus; “My present impression is th** statement is correct." It is not wrong, but a that would Improve the sound of it. Beyond simple sentences of that sort two guides may be laid down. One is to use (hot when a time element intervenes between the verb and the clause For instance: “The coach said today his team was in A-l condition." Aside from the sound of it, which is a little, though not importantly, awkward, the sentence is susceptible to ambiguity; Does the today refer to the said or to the team s condition? The other guide concerns a sentence in which the verb of the clause is long delayed so that it is not quickly clear that a clause is present at all. Example; “The prosecutor disclosed a document pertaining to the brokerage company swindle was a forgery.” A that after disclosed would definitely make the sentence easier to read. Word oddities. F irst it was Hamburg steak, which referred to broiled ground meat. Then the popular food became hamburger, which name survived World war I efforts to make it Salisbury steak. And then, strangely enough, the burger part became a suffix indicating chopped meat, and, lo, we had cheeseburgers, turkeyburgers and chickenburgers. Probably some of the coiners of these words did not realize that hamburger was related to the (ionian city of Hamburg and thought it had something to do with ham; therefore, if hamburgers, why not chickenburgers? First thing you know hot dogs will Im* known as frankburgers. New York Times Syndicate Radio /hack OVEF ALL STORES OPEN ... SAVE $60 REALISTIC PATROLMAN 10-BAND PORTABLE RADIO THURSDAY. JULY 4TH! Tunes 450-470 MHz UH! 40-50 MHz VHI -Lo and 144-1 74 MHz VHT-bb 108-136 MHz aviation 1.6-4 marine three shortwave bands pins standard TM and AM Adjustable squelch cuts noise on UHE and VHF reception ALL BAND fine tuning Jacks for Jacks for auxiliary input tape output and headphones With AC cord batteries There s only one place you can find it RadioShack 12-74 7 and yon can OUTSTANDING FEATURE Unique World Time Char! 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