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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa By Dale Kueter Violence in jails, says a national report, is related to the condition of jail facilities. All but three of 19 prisoners surveyed by The Gazette said the Linn county jail is the worst they have ever been in. Two of the 19 had not been in jail before. One prisoner Third of a Series said the Linn jail was better than another he had been in. “Any jail is better than the Linn county jail,” said one prisoner who has spent IO of his 30 years behind bars. “There couldn’t be any worse or dirtier (jails) than this one. I haven't had a change of shirts or pants since I have been here.” said a 5*2-year-old inmate who had logged eight days in the Linn jail. “I’ve spent time in a Florida jail,” said another, “and it was IOO percent better.” The jail was new, he said, and had recreational facilities. No Good Words No one loathes the Linn county jail more than its residents. Unquestionably, there are few prisoners anywhere who are happy with their state in life, and few with the propensity to say anything good about their domicile. However, a lengthy study of county jails across the country, made by Penal Digest International, based in Iowa City, said data collected indicated “there is a recognizable correlation between the quality of jail facilities and the extent of violence and homosexual rape.” Who are the occupants of the Linn county jail? They arc nearly all male. Their median age is 24. Ten of the 19 returning surveys have been graduated from high school, and four have some college. Twelve were employed at the time of their arrest. Eight are married. Six said other members of their family have been in trouble with the law. and in two instances one of the parents has served time in jail. Seventeen was the median age when inmates first locked horns with the law. Fifteen of the 19 said they first got into trouble with the law prior to age 20. Who To Blame? Following are comments provided by the prisoners responding to the survey: “The first time I got into trouble it was my fault, but the blame goes to society (in the other cases) for not giving me a chance to prove myself. “I got into trouble for running with the wrong group, plus a factor of wanting more things such as TV-stereo and such extra things in life.” “I was in the wrong place at the wrong time” said one. adding he was not at fault for his situation. “Nothing to do,” was the reason for another’s troubles. “It was my own fault." “It was my own fault, and I couldn’t do anything else.” “Pot and presiding judge. I wouldn’t be here except the judge was definitely against long hair. I don’t think pot should be illegal.” “Parental problems.” “Depression and drinking.'’ “Blind in one eye. Not many job opportunities." “Drugs.” “Lady perjured herself on the stand.” “Alcohol and drugs.” “Alcohol, parental problems.” Two others simply attributed their plight to “my fault.” and another said, “stupidity.” Number Admitted In 1972, the Linn county jail admitted 1.928 male adult prisoners; 284 female adults; 98 juvenile males; and 34 juvenile females. Figures for 1973 are not yet available. In all categories but juvenile male, the number of individuals incarcerated in recent years has been rising slowly. The length of stay has been decreasing. Most are in the jail a very short period of time. They are released either on bond; their own recognizance (no bond required); or to the custody of community court services. The same disproportion of male and female imprisonments exists on a statewide level. In 1972. there were 22.636 adult males placed in county jails in Iowa; only 1,470 adult females; 2,373 juvenile males; and 812 juvenile females. Larry Nelson, project coordinator for community court services in the Sixth judicial district, said there is discrimination against males regarding arrest and release procedures. Easier for Women “There tends to be an easier process for the release of The Neighbors By George Clark “It looks os pretty os snow. Right, Mommy? . . . Uh, right, Mommy?’’ women," said Nelson. “The courts tend to release them on bond much quicker than men. “If the same facts were true for a man and woman who had been arrested, the woman would have the easier bonding procedure. And a law enforcement officer is more likely to arrest a male for intoxication than a female.” Nelson and others also point out that women commit fewer crimes than men. “Their actions are more restricted by social pressures than men,” he said. But, Nelson continued, if the women’s lib demand to have women treated equally in all regards were carried out, “this would result in more stringent treatment of women in connection with the law.” Linn county Sheriff* Walter Grant said most women who are arrested are charged with forgery, bad checks or drunk driving. “Females just don’t go out and commit burglaries,” he said. In 1972, adult males spent 9.147 days in the Linn county jail, for an average time of incarceration of 4.64 days. In the same year, females were held a total of 460 days, for an average length of stay of 1.62 days. Census: 36 On a recent day, the jail roll included 15 persons, including one woman, awaiting trial or some other disposition of their cases; two federal prisoners; and 19 persons serving sentences upon conviction. Presently, there are 62 others awaiting court disposition of their cases who are released and under the supervision of community court services; 110 who the court has released on their own recognizance. The latter group is not under community court services supervision. Seven of those serving time were on the work release program. They leave the jail in the morning, are to proceed directly to their job. and return after work. Sheriff Grant said one person, who is awaiting trial on a charge of attempted murder, is a “soe^ial” case. The court ordered that he be given work release privileges. At the same time, a juvenile was being held in Linn county jail — also awaiting trial — on a charge of driving while his license was under suspension. He spent a total of five days in jail before being released. “Are Inequities” Nelson said there are undoubtedly some inequities in who is allowed pre-trial release and who isn’t. On the same recent day, inmates were serving time on the following charges: Burglary; forgery; larceny (two) ; various drug charges (five); assault (two); breaking and entering (two); lascivious acts with a child (two>; receiving stolen property; traffic charges (three); and failure to appear. Work release is ordinarily determined by the sheriff in consultation with the chief jailer. It is granted if a pris oner demonstrates good behavior after a certain period of incarceration. Most in law enforcement, including Sheriff Grant, believe work release has worked well. There has been some criticism of this program, but it has not been nearly as controversial as pre-trial release and some other release procedures. (These will be reviewed in a later article.) Sheriff Grant said less than five percent of those inmates placed on work release fail to return to the jail. Most are rearrested later, he said. However, county Supervisor William Martin, an attorney, said he asked and obtained work release privileges on four prisoner-clients, and all four escaped and have never returned. Denied by Grant Sheriff Grant denied this. “I certainly would know if that many failed to return. Bill Martin doesn’t know what he’s talking about.” Grant said the county does not pursue those work release prisoners who leave the state. He said by agreement with County Atty. William Faches, “we don't bother with them if they leave the state. “We will pick them up in the state of Iowa. But it is too costly to extradite them from another state,” Grant said. “If we did bring them back the punishment meted out would not be worth it. The individual could be charged with escape, but most likely he would get a 30-day suspended sentence for contempt of court.” Wednesday:    T Ii e inside story on the Linn county jail, as prisoners sec it, as the sheriff sees it. Underwriters To Hear Dr. Herbst Dr. Arnold Herbst, senior minister at St. Paul’s United Methodist church, will speak to members of the Cedar Rapids Dr. Arnold Herbst —G.zette Photo by Duane Crock I hero ic ne!- much to do in tho Linn county jai!. Noany all reading rna<erial is pornography. The reac'nq conter (uo'^er right) is empty. So, thoro arc placing cards, wa king and smoking cigarets. These trusties in tho bu'lcon arca cf tho jail arc to keep tho |ai! clean. Trusties also nelp with the laundry. Other prircners crc housed in the mere confining c ellblocks to tao rig.it and upper left. Derailments y nree Trains By Associated Dress “Th2 last thing I remember is seeing flying glass and flying people,” Pricilla Heidner says of the derailment cf Amtrak’s crack Texas Chief passenger train. The Texas Chief left the tracks near Ardmore, Okla., Monday, resulting in injuries to 15 persons. Thai was enc cf three train accidents around the country. At McGregor, Texas, two tank cars carrying petrochemicals derailed and exploded, but no injuries were reported. In Pennsylvania, four tank cars carrying compressed chlorine overturned and ruptured in a sparse ly populated area near White Haven. There were no reported 'injuries. 115 Passengers The Texas Chief, southbound from Chicago to Houston with 115 passengers aboard, was moving through an industrial area on the northeastern outskirts of Ardmore when it derailed at 55 miles per hour. Several persons were pinned iinside derailed cars for a time before being rescued by workmen with pry bars. Two of the j ears, including the dining car, turned on their sides. The dining car caught fire. “Everyone a n d everything was gung everywhere,” said Reports Pion To Use U. S. Agencies;for Nixon Drive Assn. of Life Underwriters Friday at noon at the Longbranch. His topic will be “A Minister Looks at Life Insurance”. Bt fore coming to St. Paul’s in 1967, Dr. Herbst served churches in four cities in South Dakota. He is on the board of trustees of Dakota Wesleyan university, Cornell college at Mt. Vernon, St. Luke’s Methodist hospital, Hillcrest Services to Children and Youth and is chairman of the board of trustees of Meth-Wick Manor. Dr. Herbst and his family live at 2122 Country Club parkway SE. Toilet Paper Panic Ends TOKYO (UPI) — A Japanese airline stewardess back home with a suitcase full of toilet' paper looked unhappy when told that the toilet paper panic is over, a Tokyo International airport customs inspector said. “It’s one of those things which happens these days,” he said Customs officials said quite a number of Japanese tourists are return;ng loaded down with toilet paper, laundry detergent and sugar, all cf which have been short in recent days. ST. LOUIS (AP.) — A secret plan to gear the power of nearly eve.y major federal department toward President Nixon’s reelection was drawn up and apparently implemented during the 1972 campaign, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch said Monday. • The Post-Dispatch said a confidential document prepared under the supervision of former White House aide Frederic V. Malek and dated March 17. 1972, outlined proposals for increasing political responses of federal agencies end rechanneling certain federal grants for political purposes. The eight-page memo also included detailed instruction on how to keep the plan secret and how to shield the White House from responsibility if the plan became known, the newspaper reported. The Post-Dispatch said a second memo dated June 7. 1972. and prepared under Malek s su- p e r v i s i o n , represented a progress report. The second memo allegedly claimed credit for getting a $2.2 million grant I for migrant workers switched to a group more favorable to Nixon and for returning subpoenaed materia! to a Philadelphia labor union whose business agent was a Republican supporter in a key position to influence blue collar votes. The newspaper said the two documents were addressed to H R. Haldeman. former White House chief of staff. The newspaper added the documents are in the possession of the senate Watergate committee 21) YEARS AGO Secretary cf Commerce Weeks said he would not permit an exporter to buy surplus butter at prices! considerably under those paid by American housewives and then send ;t to Russia. Mrs. Heidner of Austin, Texas, who was in the diner. “My first thought was: ‘This is the end.’ “T just hung on,” said Samuel ll. Treadway, 74, of Oklahoma City. “The car started jumping. I was on the right side pf the train, and the car began tilting to the left, so to keep from being thrown across the car I just hung on to my seat.” Of the 45 persons injured. 29 received emergency treatment and were released. Sixteen were (hospitalized, including Mrs. Don Summers of Arlington. Texas, who suffered a broken back. “Atom Bomb” “It locked like an atom bomb had exploded,” said John M. Gardner, a McGregor resident, of the blast at the Texas coni-j munity. Police evacuated scores of oerscns from a 22-blcck arca as firemen fought a fire that followed the explosion. The Santa Fe railway said five tank cars among 12 cars that derailed were carrying vinyl chloride, chlorine gas, naplha and other combustibles. Two cf the derailed tank cars exploded and burned. Witnesses said one car in the 23-car train was leaking naptha ■as the train neared the McGregor depot and the cars derailed when the crew attempted an emergency stop. The four tank cars carrying compressed chlorine were j among IO cars in a Lehigh Valley railroad 67-car freight train that left the tracks near White Maven. State police advised residents within a half-mile of the accident to evacuate their homes through Monday night because of chlorine tumes. “A whiff of this stuff doesn't kill you. but a big dose could,” said state police Sgt. John Hoskins. “I always thought tennis was a non-contact game.” Garage door lock freeze up? ...Car hard to start? We’ve tine answer to your need! Ut us Remodel and Renovate Your Garage...AND INSTALL AN Electric Garage Door Opener! Add a new look awd a new safety feature to your old garage! We will patch up, fix up, and renovate your present garage. I or your safety and convenience we will install a genuine Overhead Door brand Radio Controlled Garage Door Opener! Call us now for a free estimate. We take pride in our quality products and dependable service.    _ 30-DAY as    FREE    TRIAL! 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Easy Terms 201 8th Ave. SE 383-9976 In iowa City, Call 338-9747 iJess Fauchier, Owncr-OperotorWMmm Tho Coelar Rapids Gazette: Tues., Jan. la 1971 Jail Experts (Inmates): Linn Facility the Worst ;

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