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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 9, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weat her — C I o ii ii y ton Ig Ii t, filii IHT of light snow. Lows zero to 5 below. ( bailee of snow Thin s day, highs around IO above. VOLL ML III NUMBER Mf) OS} CITY FINAL IO CENTS Nixon Papers Say Gifts Not Factor in ITT, Milk Actions SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) The White House says “traditional political considerations,’’ but not campaign contributions, influenced President Nixon’s 1971 decision to boost milk price supports. It kept till' lid on tapes and documents involved in the incident. Acknowledgement that politics figured in the controversial decision was made in one of two “white papers’’ issued Tuesday to counter charges that contributions swayed Nixon in the milk case and in an anti-trust s u i I involving International Telephone - Telegraph Corp. Although the White House at one time considered making public summaries of tapes and papers bearing on the two cases, it said such a step was vetoed because Nixon feels strongly about maintaining the confidentiality of presidential files. The tapes and documents already have been given to Special Watergate Prosecutor Leon Jaworski, and the White House expressed hope he and a federal grand jury “will respect the confidentiality of these materials.” Key Arguments The carefully prepared and detailed “white papers” made' these key arguments in defense of Nixon’s conduct: Milk prices. Under Democratic leadership, congress was about to pass a bill ordering | higher price supports, andj Nixon “could not veto it without I alienating the farmers — an es ! scribal part of his political con stituency.” He knew of prom-! iscd 1972 campaign contributions from tho three largest1 dairy cooperatives but did not; discuss them with dairy leaders or with advisers who helped him reach his decision. ITT. Nixon intervened only once in the ITT anti-trust case, after former aide John Ehrlich-man told him the justice department was about to act contrary to Nixon's personal philosophy. He withdrew the intervention two days later after John Mitchell, then attorney general, reasoned that otherwise Erwin Griswold might resign as solicitor general. All this took place before ITT pledged financial support if the 1972 Republican national convention were held in San Diego, Calif. The two White House statements, made public with scant advance notice, apparently ended the so-called “Operation Candor” disclosures that began with the release last month of Nixon’s tax returns. Aides said they knew of no further statements concerning Watergate-related matters. Ralph Nader and others are suing Nixon, contending he increased milk price support in return for $427,000 in campaign donations from the three biggest dairy co-ops. The milk case statement said “there was no mention of campaign contributions” at a March 23, 1971, meeting of Nixon and dairy leaders. The White House said later that day Nixon met on the support issue with seven advisers and “the political power of the dairy industry lobby” was brought to the President’s attention. House Backing Weary    but Determined Nixon Marks Birthday oMrfPUPMTP p.n ,.n,    ......    ,    ,    !    It said he was told that legis- SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP the possibility of a Nixon resig-;jation to increase the support — A weary but determined notion should .scandal continue jevej ha(j the support of House President Nixon marks his 61st    him, they express con- J speaker Carl Albert (D-Okla.) birthday Wednesday, bent on ‘ A“°e a^tanT* Tto almost a"d Ch*irman Wilbur Mill! ,D-yet another attempt to put Wa- always echoes Nixon’s sen-tergate behind him. With his so-called “Operation (’andor” apparently wrapped up in the form of Tuesday’s “white papers” on the ITT an price support controversies,    I Nixon was described as ready to s™ed. bv Watergate. No Pres WWW Oil Producers Cites Gas Freeze Price  ..... until April i Price Hike, GENEVA (UPI)—The world’s ■■    ■# major oil supplying nation: de- M ff% J* jfjj fi J| || tided Wednesday to freeze the Ii it    I U I 11 y price of crude oil at present levels until April I.    By    Randy    Minkolf “There will be no increase or td.S MOINES (UPI) — C.ov. decrease in the price of crude R o b e r t D. Ray Wednesday oil until April I,” Iran Finance called on U.S. Atty. Gen. Wil-Minister Jarnshid Amouzegar ]jam Saxbe to investigate allegations that major oil companies state- ii legally hoarded fuel oil last told newsmen. Amouzegar made following t men! Oil Conference Set for Feb. ll SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) — President Nixon has invited the foreign ministers of six major oil-consuming Western European nations plus Japan and Canada to attend a Feb. ll Washington meeting on global energy problems, the White House announced Wednesday. UPI Telephoto timents declared: “Year of Attack” “He’s not going to permit the ITT and milk government, himself and the executive branch to become con- Ark.) of the house ways and means committee, “two of the most powerful legislators in the i I country.” John Connally, then secretary of the treasury, was quoted as saying dairy votes “would be important in several Midwestern states” and that the in- Wounded Knee Defendant Dennis Banks, left, an American Indian Movement leader, is escorted to federal district court in St. Paul by another AIM member. Banks and Russell Means, a:so a leader of the organization, are on trial for their participation in the occupation of Wounded Knee, S.D., last year. the five-hour | winter; Ray. in a letter to Saxbc, also called for a thorough probe of recent gasoline price increases, saying tile oil companies should present evidence to show why they need higher prices. Ray’s letter comes in the wake of testimony in Washington which indicated that oil companies may have stored 13 million barrels of oil last winter when Iowa was experiencing a severe fuel oil shortage. Ray said the    attorney    gen eral’s investigation could lead to a court suit based on charges meeting of ministers from the.of violation of antitrust laws or 12 member states of the Organi- charges of “conspiracy.” zation of Petroleum Exporting    No Hard Evidence Countries (OPEC), which    together    supply 85    percent of    sal^ ^us    °^lcc ^,as no^ world oil imports.    received    any hard evidence rpu ■    .    uu    of hoarding by oil companies, The    minister.,    who beganL „ ^    in    Wash- meeting Monday debated    the , ,    1(,    Jreason ,or possibility of curbing crude oil L«    and foderal wrn. costs by 6 percent and holding mcnl lo make an immediate fol-Italic with the big Western oil ,ow investigation. I consuming nations on price fix- -n,(, gov(,rnor said he (00|< the ,n8*    action after meeting with Rich- Ainouzegar said after Tues- ard Lobe, a special consultant day s session that Western gov- from a senate subcommittee on ernmcnts should cut fuel soles integration of oil, mid his two taxes and limit oil company‘top energy advisers, State (leo-earnings to 50 U. S. cents a bar-J logist    Sam    Tuthill    and Com- rel <42 gallons) to protect    thelmercc    Commission    Chairman begin emphasizing his leader- *^'nt ,as    dustry    planned    to    contribute    to shin role and his talents at >(ar of at,fl k- )r. Pressure, like rnnpr<vssiftnfli ship statecraft. W’hat could be a make-or-break effort on Nixon's part is expected to emerge most forcefully in his forthcoming State of the Union blueprint for the nation’s future and in diplomatic . initiatives to grapple with the JU^ , energy crisis on an international scale. Signs of Fatigue The President’s associates agree he was worked vet y hard during his California stay, now in its 14th day. Several acknowledge that he is showing signs of fatigue. “He’s getting tired, but he can pace himself. He knows when he’s tired.” one aide caid. Another reported Nixon has! 1972 congressional campaigns. "Neither the secretary nor inyonc cise discussed possible .•ontributions to the President's this past one. We’ve had a year of it. and enough is enough. Let’s move on.” Another predicted Nixon will    ,,    ... "hit tin* board*- running’’ with camPa,f»n« sa,d    White    By Ford Clark his State of the Union message ,,a“se-    IOWA    CITY    —    A    Sacramento, and other moves in the weeks 1 17-page statement said    family    was    overcome    bv further that the President be-i^al|L» tamily was overcome c> Yet Watergate does remain l*'cd a 1971 increase would gasoline fumes on interstate 80 close to the forefront of White Prcclu(le ono 111 l971!' 'Thus hold- early Wednesday morning, forc- Fumes from 'Spare' Tank Overcome Family in Car deputies deceive House thinking. ’ Nobody’s hid ng from it,” said a man who is very close to the President. “Its staring us richt in the face.” One aide said the President is convinced that the Democratic partv establishment, liberals in production and a general and important elements 1971-72 slackening mg the    price line for    two    mg them    to take shelter in a .    state    rest    stop. Higher    supports    were    an- .....    .    ,.    ..    „ „ nounced two days    later.    The Url Weiring, his wife, bally, statement included    statistics to    and their    four young children show that    higher    supports    actu-    were traveling east    when    Eat, ally    resulted    in    greater    milk    ring    said, "I suddenly    noticed consequent my wjfe slump sideways in the !n a    long-    ,    . . _ h    seat    next to me. The motorist then drove the Kaefring family into Coralville. The incident was reported to the Johnson county sheriff’s department because the family was overcome by gasoline fumes from a spare gasoline tank Kaefring installed in the trunk of his car. It was this homemade tank, constructed by Kaefring, that was leaking fumes, causing the part-time Cits Lew Pay By Roland Krekeler Two Linn county deputy sheriffs have qualified to receive food stamps through the county department of social services. One of them, Gene Parks, 25, who completed two years’ service in September, qualified Tuesday. He has a wife and an 18-month-old son arid holds a average consumer U.S. Prices The N i x o n administration plans to keep the price of domestic crude oil at its present legal ceiling of $5.20 a barrel, federal energy chief William Simon said Wednesday. Sim rn said the government’s price controls on petroleum have been a stabilizing influence in keeping prices from reaching what he called “emotional levels.” He said the $5.20 per barrel price for domestic crude oil is satisfactory at present. “I see no reason why that Maurice Van Nostrand. In the letter, Ray said the slate has monitored the investigation of the authenticity of the fuel shortage led by Sen. Frank Moss (D-Utahl and -aid “we are willing to take those actions available to us as a state to determine the legality and ethics cf the behavior of major oil marketing companies which might have been involved in any contrived shortages.’’ Ray said he also would discuss the situation with Iowa Atty. Gen. Richard Turner to of the news media are making a concerted effort to destroy him. This source said that Nixon em- (Contir.ued: Page 2. Col. 3. been getting little rest and even pha$ized the belief in table-less recreation here as Southern thumping staff meetings .shortly California is suffering through 5pfore he flew here Dec. 26. cold, stormy weather. Although some aides confess to disclosing among themselves Kissinger Visit To Israel, Egy*st -Sec SAN CLEMENTE (AP»-retary of State Kissinger leave Washington Thursday night to visit Egypt and Israel, the Western White House announced Wednesday. At President Nixon’s direction the announcement said Kissinger will make the trip “to assist the parties in the negotiations on the question of separation and disengagement” of their forces in the Sinai desert and along the Suez Canal. Today s Index Sound Health Although Nixon’s doctors say his health is basically sound, the past year of intense pressure has taken a toll noticeable in a face that is more deeply lined and often ashen. ‘i’ve never been conscious of will his age before,” remarked a counfrjes Market Plunges; Qow Of? 20.91 NEW YORK (AP) - The stock market continued to fall sharply Wednesday amid what analysts described as fears that dramatic increases in oil prices would hurt the economics of the U. S. and other industrialized “When I turned my head. I felt dizzy myself.” Kaefring said he pulled off the family’s distress. Sheriff Gary Hughes, when informed of the incident, said, “The family is very fortunate. A spark from the car’s electrical job in patrol addition to his post w th the full-time sheriff. The other, Sgt. David Reid. 33, who has been with the de-oartinent nine years, qualified price has to be lifted in the near determine what exact role the (Continued Page 3. Col. 6)    (Continued Page 3, Col. 5) Court Strikes Down Indiana Loyalty Oath roadway and then noticed all    could    have    caused    a    Wednesday.    He    also    has    a    wife and a 16-month-old son. Both said they applied be cause deputies’ efforts to get ad close associate. "Now I am. He added: "I don’t know’ how the hell he’s done it. but he's hanging in there. Most any other guy would have folded a long time ago <Contin^ d Page 2. Col. 2,» of our children also seemed to disastrous explosion be sick or something. Our 4- “lf the driver had been ovcr-year-old vomited on the back come by the fumes, and this can scat.”    happen, the results would have Kaefring said he saw a high- been equally disastrous.” way sign announcing a rest stop Hughes also noted "th*- obvi-a few miles away and drove to ous danger, if you have even a that location.    slight rear end collision.” The family huddled in the The sheriff said this was the w omen’s restroom. They second time this week a car equate raises seemed making no headway. be Their Point Reid said “The pant we are trying to get across is that even with nine years’ experience, seven of them as commander, I The widely    watched Dow    wrapped the children iii a car    with a    homemade gasoline tank    am    S|jjj    not p.,^    enough    to    pay Jones average    of 30 industrials,    lap robe and a blanket. About 45    had been reported to his depart-    mv    expenses.” down more than 15 points on    minutes later a passing motorist    merit.    The previous case in-    i    S Tuesday, its    largest loss in    noticed the Kaefring car parked    volved    a station wagon owner    Rap1{js    -Hisses    $<»    0*15 84    a    "year and has a take-home pay of more than a month, fell another at an odd angle in the rest stop who had constructed a gasoline 2( 91 points by 2 p m Wednes- with the rear right door open to tank which he placed on the lug day to 819 87 the below zero temperatures. ;agc rack on top of his car Bakers See Wheat Pinch, S Bread Comics TD Courthouse 3A Crossword TI) Daily Record 3 A Deaths 3A I ditorial Features V \ Farm 6B I inanciul 81) Marion 5B Movies SC Society IMH-I3B Sports ll) 31) state IC-3C I elf v ision 61) Want Ads I OD-131) WASHINGTON    (UPI) Im-    stocks on hand to carry    the    na mediate controls    on wheat ex-    tion into the summer, ports are necessary if the Unit- The bakers* spokesman ex-ed States is to avoid a doubling plained that historically the U. of supermarket    bread prices S. has had an abundant    surplus this spring, the American    wheat, But he said    flu Baken* Assn said Wednesday "lf restrictions are not posed immediately a four months is 390 million bush- Government officials els. Current supplies total    678    orders that would    be delayed may million bushels, of which    497    because of export rn i I Mo n are committed    to    could be Idled after    June    wheat foreign nations. That would    harvesting begins on    what    is ex pected to be a record 2 billion bushel 1974 crop. The uproar in the baking in bread shortage .seems likely and many housewives could writ be pay ing a dollar per loaf by late spring,” a spokesman said in advance of a news conference by bakers to air their portion. The government has quietly asked wheat exporters to slow overseas shipments voluntarily during the next lew months to make sure there arc sufficient re- leave only 181 million bushels serves were depleted 18 months available, less than half what he ago when the Soviet Union pur- said is needed, i,n: chased a huge amount of U, S. “The agriculture department )u'j" blawed"disclosure wheat because of a poor Soviet believes that a lot of wheat that day bv the $5,691 14 a year. He said that even if he gets a $60-a-month rai*rt he has been promised, he still w ll be eligible for food stamps ‘‘I'm worse off than I thought.” he -.aid His eligibility for food stamps be due heavily to medical restrictions expenses, which have been considerable His son has been pick a lot and his wife has been in the hospital His family will pay $80 a cive $112 worth of a i d crop. Urges Delay He said that unless exports already under contract are delayed until June when the new U S. wheat crop is harvested, the nation would be faced with serious shortages. Ile said the minimum U. S wheat needs during the next menth to re food stamps, a net gain of $32 a Tues- month for food He said he will a, ,    .    —^    agriculture depart- ix> purchasing the stamps on a is out    there    so called    expo:    mefU th}|t wheal exporters are    weekly baeis    because he    cannot A H '    °u    .'ii .    l.v    being urged privately to hold    afford to buy    more than    that at country —    will    really come    back    (jown foreign deliveries until the    a time. 1974 harvest begins    v    n .. Richard E. Bell, deputy assis-    e tart secretary for international Parks will receive a net food affairs and commodity pro-    benefit of $18    a month by    paying grams, said no agreements    $94 for $112 worth of stamps, have been made and that he He said he ^ dedicated to his into the domestic pipeline,” the spokesman *-aid “But we can’t even depend on that.” Government Contracts He stressed that “well be okay once vie get into new wheat” during the summer. WASHINGTON (AR) — Political parties may not be barred from state ballots because they refuse to sign an oath renouncing violent overthrow of the government, I hr supreme court held Wednesday. The court made its long-held distinction between a belief in the efficacy of violent overthrow and an advocacy of violent action. The mere belief is constitutionally protected, the court reiterated, in tossing out an Indiana loyalty oath that was challenged by the state’s Communist party, Signal Support? A unanimous court said a refusal to take such an oath doe? not necessarily signal support of unlawtul action. Thus, continued Justice Brennan for the court, the states may not use such an oath to burden access to th** ballot. Brennan’s opinion was joined by Justices Douglas, Stewart, White and Marshall. Justice Lewis Powell agreed with Bu* result oi the court action hut found uis own, more narrow ground. Toififif'x ('buckie Bots to secretary : “This letter, Miss Smith — typing, excellent, punctuation, perfect; spelling, superb. Just one thing wrong It s not what I dictated ”    copyr.oh •mod Page 3, Col 2 » 3 Col 71 Powell, in an opinion joined by Chief Justice Burger and Justices Blackmun and Rchn-quist, said the loyalty oath .should be invalidated because it was not required of the two major parties and thus denied the challengers in the case, the Communist party of Indiana, the equal protection guaranteed by the 14th Amendment The court has previously held that advocating violent overthrow of the government in the abstract fell under constitu-tional protection. Ballot Access Brennan noted that the court had previously dealt with the issue of loyalty oaths in the areas of public employment, the practice of law and taxation, but said it never before considered a loyalty oath cuse limiting access to the ballot. Brennan said the court in many contexts has held that the F irst and 14th Amendments prohibit statutes regulating advocacy when they are not limited to banning action. In other ac tion, the court: Held that a group ot dissatisfied passengers in Georgia had no right to sue Amtrak to prevent discontinuance of train ervi< It said in a 7-1 decision that only the attorney general and labor unions had tiiat rigid. Upheld. 6 to 3, a federal law barring addn Is with two prior felony convictions from rehabilitative treatment rather than imprisonment under the 1965 Narcotic law. CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 9. 1974 ;

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