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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - January 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather — ('loud y tonight, chanco of light snow, low around zero. Partly cloudy Wednesday, highs IO to 15. VOLUME 91 NUM HE 11 .‘Hit Ow CITY FINAL IO CENTS CE DA It RAPIDS, IOWA, TUESDAY, .JANUARY 8, 1974 WHOLESALE PRICES ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW VORK TIMES in Court Cuts Curtailing Of Evidence WASHINGTON (AP) — The supreme court Tuesday narrowed the (Scope of a judicial device that allows suspects in criminal cases to suppress evidence that police have gathered illegally. By a 6-3 vote, it trimmed the controversial exclusionary rule, a major source of complaints that criminals go free on technicalities. * * * In other decisions Tuesday, the high court: Ruled 5-1 that an individual using stolen credit cards cannot be charged with mail fraud merely because credit companies bill customers through the mail. Ruled 8-1 that workers who strike over safety conditions in mines may be required to submit their grievances to arbitration. The court held that prosecutors may summon witnesses before grand juries and demand that they answer questions based on evidence police have gathered in unlawful searches or seizures. The decision dealt only with the grand jury question, leaving intact the effect of the rule when defendants reach trial. Fourth Amendment The rule forbids use of evidence or fruits of evidence that have been gathered in violation of the Fourth Amendment prohi-b i t i o n against unreasonable searches and seizures. Tile rule was established by judicial decision to prevent unlawful police conduct by denying law enforcement machinery the results of that conduct. The majority, in an opinion written bv Justice Powell, maintained that the rule would have no beneficial deterrent effect in grand jury proceedings. “Such an extension would deter only police investigation consciously directed toward the discovery of evidence solely for use in a grand jury investigation,” Powell wrote. Same Vote Tuesday’s decision follows one last month involving the exclusionary rule. In that case, by the same 6-3 vote, the court held that any evidence turned up by police when they make a search incident to a lawful arrest is usable in court. When a prisoner about to be taken into custody is searched, the rule does not apply to what is found, the court held in the earlier case. Joining Powell in th** majority Tuesday were Chief Justice Burger and Justices Stewart, White, Blackmun and Rehnctu'st The rule was first applied in federal courts in 1911 It was extended to state court proceedings in 1961 in a famous case entitled Mapp vs. Ohio. Brennan Dissent In dissent. Justice Brennan declared: “For the first time, the court discounts to the point of extinction the vital function of the rule to insure that the ju-, diciary avoids even the slightest appearance of sanctioning illegal government conduct.” Brennan was joined in the d.s- (Continued: Page 2 < o’ I.) ■PIM rn- J* wk More Storms Batter Southern California Jump Ends WorstYear Since 1946 LOS ANGELES (AP) —Ihelping each other, shoveling Stormy weather continued to out paths. The biggest concern pound southern California Tues-'is power failures.” day, snarling traffic, downing I A Red Cross shelter in the power lines and isolating entire | Town Hall bar in Crestline has communities in the snowbound j been set up to serve the 10,000 San Bernardino mountains. i people who live in a series of But a brief respite from the    small communities strung 30    ^____________ five days of storms was predict-    miles along the crest of the San    wbo,esa,e    prices    sharply    up_ cd for midweek. The National    Bernardino mountains, from Ce-    ,    .    r. Weather Service said there will    dar Pines park to Lake Arrow-|ward    in    December,    closing    the be a decrease in rain and snow WASHINGTON (AP) - Surging food and fuel costs drove SSS! Airport Security Vigil MMM , '    t'f    u    rn -UPI Telephoto head. Most residents were tucked safely in their homes, living on provisions they’ve stocked. B u t there are emergency eases. Several heart patients had; been taken down to San Bernardino on four-wheel drive vehi-! des. Many families have run! out of food. Many telephones! were out of service, and people 1 have found themselves strand- j cd in their homes without heat jr communication. Some of the A traveler at London's Heathrow airport opens his lugqage on orders of a policeman backed by troops and a Saracen armored car. (Photo on Picture Pa%<•) through Friday, but by then another storm system could move into the area. The region, which normally has a mild winter climate, has been buffeted by storms since Friday. Officials have declared snowbound sections of the San Bernardino mountains a disaster area and kept a round-the-clock watch on the situation in Los Anatine rnnntv whirh woe nut " —......, lrK! [-flail level, OUI not neCCS- under a “limited emergency ”    stranded Pe0Plc w<‘re Los An8c>- sadly all of them. Consumer under a limned emcrgt ncy. ^ residents who had goop rn    ^----  — cabins for the weekend found they were marooned. “People are just beginning to realize we have a disaster,” les counties were evacuated to ®a*d Mrs. Kit Harder, who set same amount of wholesale Red Cross and other emergency UP shelter.    goods that $100 purchased in year with the worst over-all yearly rise in a quarter century, the government said Tuesday. The Bureau of Labor Statistics said the December seasonally adjusted increase of 2.2 percent pushed wholesale prices in 1973 to a level 18.2 percent higher than a year ago, the biggest one-year increase since the 31.7 percent in 1946. Wholesale price increases ; usually arc reflected quickly at the retail level, but not neccs- Scores Evacuated Scores of residents of slide-threatened areas in Riverside, San Bernardino and Izis Ange- gone to priccs have been rising at an and annual rate of more than eight percent. The year’s over-all increase meant it costs $145.30 to buy Energy Unit Probes Fuel Hoarding BULLETIN BRUSSELS (AP) — President Nixon is inviting the leading industrialized countries of the non-Communist world to Washington next month for a conference on oil supplies, an authoritative source said Tuesday. start coming in within a week, price regulations, is subject to began, the Air Transport Assn while information from the justice department action,” railroads and truckers was due n8*?^ sa'? .,.    ,    .    4 I am talking not only about centers. But officials gave assurances there was no threat to I life and the evacuation was a precautionary measure. The storm, which has dumped more than seven inches of rain    err*    I    I so far in the I .os Angeles area. Statf Sh<9X0l!D raised fears of heavy flooding    ^    w    “ (and more rock and mudslides. SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) The rainfall is almost twice the seasonal norm. Report Nixon Planning New Gale warnings were hoisted 1967, the base year for record-keeping of prices. I .ess Than August The 2.2 percent seasonally adjusted increase and the 2.5 percent rise on an unadjusted basis in December were not close to record increases recorded in August, but were still high by Jresident Nixon is planning historical standards. A 2.2 per- reor- cent monthly rise, if continued another post-Watergate said. Some industry sources said | Monday but will take a few days jnri‘ ojna h,,t alen mHi-pi t economlc uncertainty had as:    ^          -    ......    .    *    , of study before results are ST Th fib “Zy,. r if.2°* ,77’ i    alonR ,he en,irp sou,hcrn C»li- Sanction of his domestic poll- for 12 months is an annual rate I available, a spokesman said. “’me transparent gimmirt I **^5    IS™*?, C#ast “ wbKte    **"”"*■    adaM*i£!J £££*’*2 Criminal, Civil    cover what is in fact a higher “a,k 7Tm cr oil “eeT nd ^wer°LT°    T T™ ^    /jus.ed    anTs B unadTusted ta price for gasoline sold, he said,    \    ,    trees ana power lines.    ,    The revamping was promoted a U£yU«;f As the energy office moved * M *    .    .    .    .    companies to provide fuel oil to Sheriff’s officers said an cs- . , ..    . . „    .    ... *ugusi. Bv III I rev Mills    against possible hoarding, Atty. Meanwhile, an Associa sma|j independent distributors]amated J .OOO persons were ’    °n    (    * y y    I Gen. Saxbe threatened criminal I J survey showed about wh0 normally get their supplies stranded in about 350 cars Presldent Ford- wbo has been] WASHINGTON (AP) —    The j and civil action against gas sta-    7° commercial airline Hight    overseas simon said supplying    trapped    on snowbound    Inter-    promised a major    role    in do- Federal Energy Office    has tion operators who illegally re-1    ??paf ef were e,i“iIia‘e    011    the fuel at reduced prices would    Ltate 5,    the state's major    north-mestic affairs, and    the    immi- begun looking into rumors    thatjquire customers to buy other,1    monday^ as a resuii of    luei    prcvcnt thc indepcndcnt compa-south    freeway. Road    crews    nent resignation of    presidential corporations are stockpiling oil ltems as a condition for obtain-    cuioacus.    Hies from being driven out of    worked    through the day    using    aide Melvin Laird. .    .    mg gasoline.    Airline officials said thc latest ousmess.    four-wheel drive vehicles to push ana noaramg tuei aespue n - ,.Jt shou]cJ bc cjearjy under- cutbacks did not appear to President-elect Carlos Andres away the snow and free the thnv s*°°d taat an^ operator, any-; cause much of a problem.    Perez of Venezuela said oil trapped cars, officers said, uiiiciais saia Monaay iney where in the country, who at- About 1.500 daily departures/‘will be a political weapon for* S*uie i;?    • lempts to raise his prices higher j— slightly more than IO percent: Venezuela through which we A major aim of the new Nixon! staff plan is to sort out and defne the responsibilities of Chairman Herbert Stein of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers said higher prices for petroleum and other energy products accounted for 49 percent of the wholesale price increase in December. “We are now going through leum stockpiling by thc oil in-dustry and possible fuel hoard- ”“d“r curren, mg by the nation s railroads and trucking firms. They said there was no evidence so far to support the rumors. The office sent telegrams to the nation s railroads and major trucking firms asking for data on fuel stocks. Numerous Rumors Thc than the level he can justify]of the total — have been can- will make ourselves heard by caused by water leaks i world.” Venezuela is thc second derground cables were blamed Power Cutoff    Ford,    Director Roy Ash of the an essentially one-time adjust- wind and short-circuits 0fflcc ?f .Mana*erPem and Bml' mcnt t0 higher energy prices federal ceiling celed since the energy crisis the industrialised nations of the caused by water leaks intoun- Watergate Trio Due For Parole March I ranking supplier of United States. An Associated Press oil to thc for a power cutoff of several hours to some 4.000 residents of survey sections of Los Angeles. cil. Short Term Laird was recruited by Nixon chowed that some hospitals A California highway patrol last June to serve a short-term end ” he added were ex- spokesman said patrol cruisers appointment as chief domestic supplies,” Stein said. “These adjustments, which are producing such skyrocketing prices, will come to an WASHINGTON (AP) - Three of appeals I Cuban exiles whose arrest in I serving a The requests were the first in J Democratic national committee what a spokesman called an ef- headquarters was the start of fort “to se if there is any|t))e Watergate case are sched-hoarding going on. We want to j u]ed t0 be paroled March 7. check it out, because there are. ^he jj.S. Parole Board voted numerous rumors going Mond^ t0 rclcasc thcm from around."    the federal prison camp at Eglin KtU\    ,VIUI,,VU    .    "'.dustry warned thc government The    office    also    asked    major    airbase FJa aftcr fi,cy    have'court to get    its civil suit against Tuesday to halt the soaring and    independent    oil    companies!served about 15 months of    their    President Nixon moving toward]price of jet    fuel or the price    of cne-to-four-year sentences    for    a decision.    Committee lawyers an airline    ticket would    be conspiracy, burglary and    wire-    *ded a    contending jurisdic-j beyond the    reach of millions    of tional problems had been re- Americans. around the country periencing difficulties in obtain- led convoys G. Gordon Biddy, isj^g certain items, especially sections of term for contempt’of Ithosc "ladp of P1*51'1' S,,m0 .... reported they might have to court and has an appeal of his swj|th back ,0 R|ass lor £Mcb Watergate conviction pending. things as syringes. No hospital Senate Suit    reported    stockpiling goods ,,    ...    ..    .    ...    ,    against future shortages. Meanwhile, the senate Water-    . .    . Meanwhile the airline in gate committee returned to- .pv near the scenic Malibu coast. Today s Index Comics IT Courthouse 3,18 Crossword 17 3 Dally Record Deaths .....3 Editorial Features 6 Farm 16 I inancial 18 Marion 9 Movies ll Society S Sports I .'J-15 4,1 State Television la Want Ads 2(1-23 to submit data on production and stockpiling. Until now the agency has received its data from an oil indust r y trade organization. Gerald Par ky, aide to energy chief William Simon, said the office wanted direct data from I the companies so it could perform its own analysis. Parsky mentioned rumors of oil company stockpiling but added, “We have not seen any evidence to indicate more than normal stockpiling. ' The oil company data should Arab Oil Price Reduction Hint GENEVA (AIU — The price < f Persian Gulf oil could dri p as much as 6 percent Feb. I. because rJ the dollar's new strength, the Iranian finance minister said Tuesday. lam hid Arrouzeqar pointed out for rn vsmen that, under oil rontrr' Us, the posted price for •rude oil. on whi'di producing nations calculate the tax that buyers must pay, rises and tails under a formula tied to the j strength of the dollar. Tile lower pri *e would affect the U.S. old/ partially, since only about 15 to 20 percent of \m»*nenn netroleum consumption dep ii I on Middle East * ii 1 racy, tapping. Eugenio Martinez, Frank Sturgis and Virgilio Gonzalez, all from Miami, were the lowest ranking of the seven men originally convicted in the Watergate conspiracy. Bernard Barker. Iv Howard Hunt and James McCord are free on bond pending outcome A major traffic snarl also ensued when a 20-foot stretch of pavement collapsed on the Golden State freeway just north of Hollywood. Nearby a mudslide caved into a home, trapping a man asleep in his bedroom. Authorities said he was rescued uninjured. San Bernardino county officials said they had received Stein said that while higher energy prices were a major factor in the increase in the Dell1 dlseushed ccmber index and have been a with the Write probjcm a|j yearf “these increases were essential to maximizing imports and domestic production in a time of shortage.” Expects Slowing solved by an act of congress In a letter to Simon, the Air and asking the court to begin I Transport Assn. (ATA) said the consideration of the legal issues shortage of jet fuel could result raised in tin* committee subpot*- in a $1 billion price increase in na of White House tapes.    J1974 for the airlines. Chief U .S District Judge John ATA President Paul Ignatius J. Sirica, who dismissed the suit]told Simon that price rises may on jurisdictional grounds Oct. be an effective way to hold (Continued: Page 2, Col. 5.) (Continued: Page 2. Col. 2.) FAA Considers Security Sanctions WASHINGTON (AP) — The Monday. “We are developing country and in others, or Federal Aviation Administration quickly an action plan.’’    don't let them in.” Still Tentative    Most    other countries do not The FAA cannot deny landing ;hav(' as stringent anti-hijacking rights itself hut can recommend i re®uJ‘1,!on! may recommend sanctions, including denial of landing rights, against foreign an imes that refuse to tighten security against terrorists. Tin* possible action is an out-•rowth of the firebombing of a Pan American World Airways jetliner in Rome last month and the .subsequent hijacking of a and no decision has been made Lufthansa airliner by five Pal 0n whether to recommend them estinian terrorists Thirty two jr. declined to go into detail on mg persons, many of them Amen- the sanctions under consider- put such action to the Civil Aeronautics Board, which controls airline routes. Butterfield said the sanctions are still in the tentative stage, does thc most foreign airline! with the U S country, U.S., but j comply regulations in this] , although they are not!8®* required to do so.    *    *11 lower our security Possible Retaliation    environment,” he we d do is tandards in said. “As Since many of the European long as aircraft hijackings in airlines are state-owned, deny-(one form or another are occur-anding rights to them would ring around the world, and as pressure on their govern-j long as weapons that could be carks, died in the incident.    atfon    but    said:    rnents    to    tighten    up    their    airport    used    in    hijackings    are    being “The Rome incident was not    “We could say they (foreign    security measures.    picked up    at the    boarding gates, taken lightly by the President,    airlines) must comply with our    Butterfield said some    officials    we will    not    consider    any by the department of transport    security regulations in this    in the transportation    depart-    changes.” tat ion or by the FAA,” Alex*    country or they dtw’t come in;    ment are afraid the sanctions    The US.    has    not had arider Butterfield, FAA adminis- or we could say they trator, said iii an interview comply systemwide, as past mudslides in policy adviser, following the Topanga canyon, resignation of John Ehrlichman. Sources said the new setup House chief of staff, Alexander Haig, during a Saturday meeting here. Ash returned to Washington Sunday night without seeing Nixon. One official said there was no significance in the fact that Ash' He said when thc current and the President did not meet, j round of price increases for pc-He added that, from a public I troleum and energy supplies relations standpoint, it probably have ended and when thc food would have been better had supply catches up with demand, reports that about 6,000 resi-|Nixon taken the time to sec the;the rate of inflation will slow dents of mountain communities budget chief    sharply. in the Running Springs, Crest- Another source said Kenneth “Thereafter thc continuing line and Lake Arrowhead areas Clawson, deputy director of rate of inflation will depend were short of food and without communications for the execu- upon the more basic forces of tiv** branch, joined the preside!!- the total demand for output and tial party here last week to dis- the rate of growth of our total cuss reorganization of the ad- capacity to produce," Stein ministration public relations said, staff.    Wholesale    prices, which fell in September and October, bogan climbing in November as the There have been recurrent inflationary effects of the fuel rumors that Ronald Ziegler (shortage and the Arab oil cut-off might relinquish his title as began to show their impact on retaliatory action against press secretary and concentrate U. S. airlines.    on other responsibilities. The FAA has been watching Ziegler. Haig and Secretary of the current terrorist attacks and State Kissinger are acknowl-. Brices of farm products, pro has launched a review to see edK(‘d 10 have the readiest cessed foods and feed reversed what more can be done to beef access to the President. In fact!a three month decline and rose US. security, Butterfield Nixon lias spent little time with sharply in December by 14 per* any other aides or officials cent, the report said. since flying here Dec. 26.    <    Consumer foods, those bought His only announced con versa- by suppliers ready for the su-tions Monday were with Haig pennarket, rose 0 5 percent on a and Ziegler.    I    seasonally adjusted basis and Arriving here for staff meet- showed a 1.3 percent rise before ings related to reorganization were (’ole and presidential counselor Bryce Harlow heating fuel. "No Hysteria’’ A sheriff’s deputy said:! “There’s no hysteria They’re Ziegler Change? we tak( economy. Farm Products last thing (Continued Page 2, Col I.) a suc- Artist Dies LONDON (AP) - Paul Methuen, 87, one of the most prolific died have to would do more harm than good, eessful iii jacking in more than a painters of his generation, in this bv causing ether countries to year    Monday    in the city of Hath I mlnif's € buckle An engagement ring is often a down payment on a wife in- furance policy, ctmvoaM ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette