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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 9, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Tues., April 9, 1974 Caucus By Pamela Huey DES MOINES (UPI) - A Drake university law professor, squaring off against the chairperson of the Iowa Women’s Political Caucus, charged Monday night that the proposed Equal Rights Amendment is designed to gut the heart of the American family unit. Dr. Arthur Reman said the legal system must remain flexible to recognize the different roles of men and women in society, but Assistant Atty. Gen. Roxanne Conlin said passage of the ERA would upgrade the role of women. Ryman, during a debate with Mrs. Conlin on the pros and cons of the ERA, said the “legal system has to be flexible because men and women have different roles in our society” and contended the ERA would force women into an economic role that many do not desire. Child Rearing “I feel w'hen a woman is forced into an economic role. we get institutional child rearing and the nuclear family would become an exception rather than the rule.” said Ryman, “and, I think that is what is intended by the 27th Amendment, and I think it is a mistake.” Mrs. Conlin, who chairs the women’s caucus, said that “on the contrary, the Equal Rights Amendment will upgrade the role of the homemaker because women will then do it out of Public Employe Clash Over ERA Effect choice, and not because there’ are no other options open to her.” The proposed 27th Amendment to the Constitution, which states that “equality under the law cannot be denied or abridged on account of sex,” has been ratified by 33 states and must have the approval of 38 to be approved. The amendment, which was ratified by Iowa in 1972, has been the subject of much controversy and strong lobbies for and against its ratification have been organized throughout the country. Ryman contended passage of the ERA would limit the number ; of lifestyle choices open to people. “In this country, we have several cultures and sets of relationships and wide choice and latitude open to us on the one we choose, the 27th Amendment would narrow our set of choices rather significantly,” Ryman said. No Control Mrs. Conlin argued at the debate, sponsored by the D r a k e Women’s Law Caucus, that the ERA covers only governmental action and would have “no control over interpersonal relationships.” How-ever. Ryman said the courts could no longer assume the children “would automatically go with the mother in the case of a divorce.” “I think the children are much better off with the mother, the 27th Amendment is looking after the rights of women, but what about the children?” Mrs. Conlin said that under the provisions of the amendment, custody of the child would be decided on the basis of need land ability to support the child rather than on the sex of the parent. Protective Legislation Opponents of the legislation often point to the area of protec-t i v e legislation saying the amendment will make legislation such as protective labor laws unconstitutional. “The whole theory behind projective legislation is that it is the differences in the needs of men and women,” Ryman said. He said under the new amendment protective legislation would be declared unconstitutional. However, Mrs. Conlin said “laws that are truly protective would be extended to men and those that are restrictive would be unconstitutional.” And, she added, “We’ve had privileges, we’d had favors, now we want our rights.” Johnson Roads May Revert To Gravel Due To Oil Bids Other Bills In Legislature DES MOINES (AP) — Bills in the Iowa legislature Monday. Passed by House HF1474. To appropriate to the department of social services $175,000 for the current fiscal year and $2,971,000 for 1974-75 to increase grants for adult custodial care and other needs. 78-0. To senate. H F I 4 7 5 . To appropriate $750,000 to the state fair board for new electrical waring at the fairgrounds. 79-0. To senate. SF424. To create a Spanishspeaking peoples study commission. 70-21. To governor. SF1326. To appropriate to the state historical society $21,000 for mocrofilming and $12,000 for a manuscripts curator. 91-0. To governor. SF1327. To raise the 1974-75 appropriation for the state law library from $115,616 to $118,-366. To governor. SF1329. To give the Iowa commission on aging a $15,000 supplemental appropriation to match federal funds. 87-0. To governor. SFI 332. To appropriate $950.-000 to build instructional and dormitory buildings at 1 t h e Iowa law enforcement academy at Camp Dodge. 80-9. To governor. SF1337. To appropriate $500,-000 additional to the department of soil conservation for a soil and water conservation cost-sharing program and employment of an engineer-tech-nician. 82-0. To governor. SF1341. To make a change in the makeup of the Iowa law enforcement academy council and prohibit state employes serving on the council from collecting per diem pay. 91-0. To governor. HF1476. To require public school districts to provide transportation for non-public school pupils and permit them to provide other auxiliary services. and appropriate $4.4 million to pay the cost. 65-23. To senate. HF92. To permit persons to enter pleas of “no contest” in trial of nonindictable motor vehicle offenses. 80-1. To senate. HF1311. To make numerous corrections and clarifications in the Iowa employment security law. 88-2. To senate. HF1359. To provide for annual registration and licensing of boats at a fee of $4 a year on those 14 feet long or longer and $2 a year on shorter vessels. 67-21. To senate. irF1380. To permit state agencies to fill vacancies from among the persons who score in the top IO percent on the state merit employment examination instead of having to pick from the top three scorers. 82-4. To senate. HF1381. To eliminate the requirement for annual licensing of livestock feed manufacturers and provide more uniformity in inspection of feeds in interstate commerce. 85-0. Passed by Senate SF1297. To establish an office for prosecuting attorneys coordination. 49-0. To house. SF1039. To permit persons with physical disabilities to use a rubber stamp as an official signature. 50-0. To house. SF1069. To require that major medical insurance be extended to an individual when he is no longer with a group covered by the group policy. 49-0. To house. By Ford Clark IOWA CITY - “One half of the oiled secondary roads in Johnson county may have to revert back to gravel.” This was the word given to the Johnson county board of supervisors Monday afternoon by County Engineer O. J. Gode. Gode said, “It is expected when the bids come in, that the price of oil for the county will double this year. If this happens, the situation could get critical.” Gode offered the supervisors “two alternatives. Either keep fewer roads open or revert some oiled surfaces back to gravel.” Supervisor Robert Burns seemingly summed up the sentiments of the board when he said, “We’ll do whatever necessary to keep existing roads in operation.” Current Budget The current county budget J calls for $380,000 to be allocated to oiled secondary roads and $313,000 for graveled surfaces. Gode indicated Tuesday morning that “other counties, such as Linn county, are likely to be experiencing the same problems. It really is a statewide problem.” The supervisors also discussed a Gode report which indicated the county would be responsible for the construction 1 and maintenance of a road leading into Lake Macbride park. Gode also noted “the county is presently responsible for maintaining entrances and exits to federal or state roads inside the area, such as the North Shore Lake road. Hard To Bear “This additional strain on the countv road budget is hard to bear.” The supervisors informally indicated they may attempt to vacate some roads to negate county responsibility. Tuesday, Gode revealed he had attended a Monday night meeting of the regional planning committee on parks, recreation and open spaces who met in Iowa City with staff people from the state conservation commission. At this meeting, regional planning heard conservation commission plans for major improvements in Lake Macbride park, Gode said. Dock Improvements Phase one calls for major improvements in boat docks and shelters in the north arm of the south shore of the lake. Gode said he expected heavy state and national traffic into the area would create “a heavy' burden on the county’s road maintenance system. Previously the supervisors discussed possible means of persuading the state to take over responsibility for roads in the Lake Macbride area. CEDAR FALLS (AP) - A specialist in labor relations predicts a “significant number of strikes” by public employes in Iowa despite severe anti-strike penalties in the collective bargaining bill recently passed in the Iowa legislature. Larry Pope made his comments to the University of Northern Iowa chapter of the American Assn. of University Professors Monday night. “There are going to be strikes in Iowa,” he said, “the question is how many.” Cited Penalties Pope, a Drake university law professor, said he didn’t think the anti-strike provision, which calls for fines of up to $500 per person or $10,000 per group for each day a strike is in progress. is strong enough to prevent strikes. He said he bases his predictions on cases where similar legislation passed for New York and Cleveland, Ohio, public employes resulted in strikes. Pope said he expects strikes to break out in the early stages of implementation of the bill which is awaiting the signature of Gov. Robert Ray. Good Faith Public employes would not be allowed to bargain collectively until July 1,1976, Pope noted. He said the only prevention for1 strikes is “people getting to-1 gether, working together ... in good faith.” He attributed passage of the, bill to “fantastic pressure” put on legislators by members and lobbyists of the Iowa State Education Assn. (ISEA). He said he knows of one group j of legislators who “hid out” in motels in Des Moines because they were afraid to go to home after voting for the bill. Pope said they had promised their votes to the ISEA. ■ Want ads are convenient, inexpensive and get the job done for you! Dial 398-8234. Adequate Housing Short for U.l. Students: City Manager IOWA CITY - Monday night, City Manager Ray Wells recognized that the low-income student at the University of Iowa “faces a major problem trying to find adequate housing.” Wells proposed that the University of Iowa and Iowa City housing authorities start meetings seeking a solution to the problem. Wells’ suggestion came at the city’s yearly banquet held at the Highlander Supper club for city staff members and commissions. Rental Program Wells noted that Iowa City does have a rental program for low-income persons but said priority “does not place the stu-i dent high on the list when one of the 209 units becomes available.” Wells remarks followed months of complaints from stu dents that the city’s urban renewal program and its demolition of older buildings, have destroyed many low-income rental units. In other matters discussed, members of the Iowa City airport commission said a plot of ground at the airport could be used to attract light industry. Wells has said he thought the parcel could be better used for a city service facility. Wells said Monday night he would probably ask the city council at its regular meeting Tuesday to approve the architectural firm of Hansen, Lind and Meyer to study the site for a proposed central service building. Work Complaints A recent ruling by the city attorney is that the property falls under the control of the city council even though the opera tion of the airport property itself falls under the jurisdiction of the airport commission. Another commission report in-d i c a te d that discrimination charges in Iowa City more often come from females in connection with employment. The complaints are of unequal pay for equal work and women being passed over for promotions in favor of men. IO YEARS AGO —Labor Secretary Wurtz, striving to flag down a national railroad strike, conferred with union and management leaders and reported both wanted an agreement very badly. If you want to save by mail and pay no postage. £'r;. - .-jfliifJc? ir~ jgfeft L-::, ------1—.. Sh-1’’ Teacher Pay TIPTON - The Tipton Community school board Monday night approved a raise in teach er base pay from $7,275 to $7,800. Extra duty pay for teach ers also was raised according to proportionate service to the district. When you save by mail, you save more than money. You save time. Save gas. And, when you save at Bohemian Savings & Loan, you also save postage! Because we pay the tab both ways. That’s a 20C savings on every transaction. So if you save a little every month, think how that adds up! Saving by mail with us has other advantages, too. You can fill out your deposit slip in the privacy and convenience of your own home — any time you want. Thats all there is to it. The prepaid envelope is already addressed. Just tuck it in your mailbox and your mailman will pick it up. You have no snow or rain or sleet or heat to battle. 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