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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - March 27, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioHamauei. , jr., of tor. Toline 1. Publ ass w , s \ Quot a Var a. 4 _ x we Are a cml a Ltd coach a iii Ouirt it Rol re a a Libei before la Thea distress come Apon Nav a Al a % a Chi Chi Ati to cant Harco or i�3s. Mask the Phi a Kra 80c1ew, 4 sixth Afree of re innate Ohio. .>"1�?~ if dr71ill78 o. Boards iils pm a Iamb Jln and. Bollara and fifty Ceuta Douala if no t wid till the expiration i of the year. Let tera on a time Oum be directed to the pah Litho agent those Leiting to the editorial departments to the eos to a. In. Of Camf to paid. To Ereyi. Mavoin or Memoir ii completed and do last pages Are in the hands of the stereotype the Printer k Alto at work so that the Book itself May be exit petted in a Short time. The mat canals Hare been found to be quite Rich and we hate no Hesi Talkun in saying Thal the Book will show our slain Broth Ier to have been every Way worthy of the Honor of being Liberty a Martyr. His into Lect Al and literary character will appear to Hare been of the a a our. A it following lines were first polished in the Hallowell Gazette Rotor. 7. 1827. Will show Chat he was a i Mim Miuji Genma us a pmnmoafipidor., / a a Mere is an there is an Isle a Lovely Isle which oceans Depths embrace i a normans deceit nor woman a Wile hath Ever found the Pacera of t How Sweet to would be if i cd old find. This Ide and leave behind. T a a. A see from the Hearetta it born Pleiade comes the Youngs Blooming a prig i. Her Light car yoked Unco % a Reese it. 1 with aromatic Wing a a gaily she drives around is holes and scatters All her purple stores. Ten thousand Naiad Aport along a a her Ever joyous train Quot and life and Lorp Are poured in Aoh. With Bliss in every Rains a Oft 80 Sweet so Bland the while c Thater eur despair itself would smile. A a is. Eternal Calm hangs o or its Plains its skies Are Ever fair a in Necta red Dew descend its Rains no fire charged Clouds Are to me to a in Thunder from the path of god code Down to Earth in Wrath its Silvery streams of i crystals flow. Where sparkling diamonds be and a wetly murmuring gently go to it meet a Stormlee sea j. And in their Clear reflective tide a with Golden Scalea the fishes Glido. Melodious soc goers fill its Groves. To Harmony at Tum where Amainte aids seraph Tell their loves their Golden harps around in Al Rains As soft As charmed the hours when Man was Hiest in Edens Bowers. A a no Birds of blood nor beasts of prey can in its Woodlands by Mirike a peace Aureada her Wing Over every Spray. And Beauty sleeps beneath or wakes to Joy her varying note _ from every Gohlsen weathered Throat a y no gloomy Momtag Ever gleams upon this Isle to fair no tainted Breeze from Gnu Ltd times. Infected the evening air for in the Light of every St rare Angels watching from afar. / a i would leave this wretched world. Where Hope can hardly smile and go on wings by Faith unfurled to reach this Happy isl but that some ties Stahl bind me Here which while they Fetter St a endear. And i would not that these should part tel he and he alone who wound them finely round my heart. Has Cut them one by one and when the ust is severed then a upon the Isle to Wui heal again iii nor Ortr e. P. H. Anti slavery. Prom the sew Fork evening poet. Power of Congo Orer fhe Dia let of no. A. Having shown that in abolishing Sla Ciyi property would not be a Sta ten for Public use a it May be added that in those states where slavery has been abolished by Law no Taim for a a compensation has been allowed a indeed its Manifest Absurdity seems to have forestalled the setting up of such a claim. The abolition of slavery in the Bisti Ritj instead of being a legislative anomaly i would proceed upon the principles of every Day legislate Chi. It has been shown already that the United states Constitution does not recognize slaves As a property a yet Ordinary legislation is my of precedents show ing that even absolute property is wholly subject to legislation to. The repeal of the Law of entail Mentse All acts controlling the alienation of property its disposal by will its passing to heirs by descent with the question who shall be heirs and what shall be the Rule of distribution among them or whether property shall he transmitted at All by descent rather than a heat to the , with statutes of limitation and various other classes of legislative acts serve to illustrate the acknowledged scope of die Law making Power even where property is in every sense absolute. Persons whose property is thus affected by Public Law receive from the government no compensation for their losses unless the state has been put into Possession of the property taken from them. The preamble of the United states Constitution declares a fundamental object of the Organiza a on of the government to be a in order to Stab Ash has Congress no Power to do that for which it was made the Positora of Power he. The United states government no Power to full a the purpose for which it was brought into being to abolish slavery is to take from no rightful owner his property but to a be Sinai Isa be tween two pay ies. To emancipate the slave is to a be Siam Cen Between him and his master to throw around the person character conscience and Liberty of the one the same Law that secures and blesses the other. In other words to restrain by Law one class of men from seizing upon another class and robbing them at pleasure of their earnings their time their Liberty their wives and children a the and ownership of their own persons. Congress by possessing a a exclusive legislation in All cases whatsoever a has a general protective Power for am the inhabit ants of the District if it has no Power to protect one Mao it has none to protect Aho Thep one to Poteet if it a Ltd protect one Man and is to tied to protect him it can protect every Man All men and to. Amp it. All admit the Power of cons to protect the masters in the District against their slaves. What part of the Constitution gives the Power?.that clause so often quoted. Power of legislation. In All cases who Soever a equally in the a a cases of defending die Blacks against tote Whites As in that of defending the Whites against the Blacks also the Power conveyed by Art. 1, Sec. 8, Cletuse 15. A Congress shall have Power to suppress insurrection my a a Power to protect As Well Blacks a most Whites As Whites against if the Constitution gives Power to protect Otie class against the other it ves Power to protect either Agni Jiuu the other. die District should size the Whites drive. Them into the ields and kith item Force them to work without pay dog diem ii Pri ton them and sell them at 4heir pleasure where would Congress find Power to restrain such acts answer a general Power kit the clause so often cited and an express oni in that cited above a Cong less shall have Power to suppress so much for a suppose Case. Here follows a real one. The a Whites in the District Are committing these id Friesl acts upon seven thousand Blacks daily. That Congress has Power to restrain these acts in Ope Case All assert and in so doing they assert the Power a in a All cases for the Grant of Power to suppress in sir rect Iobst is w Grant not hampered by provisos As to inc color shape size sex Lau Gnage Creed or condition of the a insurgents. Congress derives its Power to suppress this actual insurrection from the Saipt source whence it derived its wer to suppress the same acts in a the Cash supposed. If one Case is an insurrection the other is. The acts in both Quot Are the same the actors Only Are differ tit in the one Case ignorant and degraded goaded by the memory of toe past stung % toe Prescot and driven to de ration by toe fear fill loot ing for of unending wrongs to come. In the other enlightened elevated unprovoked by wrongs with Cool deliberation and by system they perpetrate toes acts upon those to whom they owe unnumbered obligations for whole lives of unrequited service. % on which Side my palliation be pleaded and which party May most reasonably claim an abatement of the Rigours of Law if Congress has Power to suppress such acts at All it has Power to suppress them in All. A it has been already shown that allegiance is exacted of toe slave. Is the government of the United states unable to Grant Protection where it exacts allege dec. It. Is an axiom in the civilized world and a Maxim oven with Savages that allegiance and Protection Are reciprocal and correlative. Are principles powerless with us which exact homage of barbarians Protection is toe constitutional right of every human being under the legit Llagami of cd gig who has not forfeited it by crime. In conclusion i argue the Power of Congress to abolish slavery in toe District from Art. 1, Sec. 8� clause 1, of the constr bit Ion. A Congress shall have Power to provide for toe Oramon defence and the neral welfare of the United states a has the government of the United states no Power under this Grant to gis late within its own jurisdiction on subjects the vitally affect its interests suppose toe slaves in the by strict should Rise upon their masters and toe United states Tove raiment in quelling the insurrections should kill any number of them could their masters claim comp astion of the government manifestly not even though there were no. Proof that the particular slaves killed were not insurgents. This is precisely the Case that occurred in the Southampton insure Elton no evidence was brought to show Tom the Daves killed by too troops were insurgents yet toe Virginia legislature decided Toat their masters were not entitled to proceeded on toe principle that a government May in self pub Section destroy the claim of its subjects even to Toat which has been recognized As property by its own acts. If in providing for toe common defence toe United states government in the Case supposed would have Power to destroy slaves both As and persons it surely might Stop half Ivay destroy them As tape Ray White it leg died their existence person is and thus provided for the common defence by i veg them a personal and powerful interest in toe government and securing their strength for Ite Defonce. A like other Legislatures cd egress has Power to Abate nuisances to remove or tear Down unsafe buildings to destroy me goes to Lay in junctions upon manufactories injurious to Public a the and tons to a provide for toe common defence and by destroying individual property when it puts in jeopardy toe Public Regj granting for arguments Sake the slaves Are property in the District of Columbia. If Cut a Gress Bas a right Quot to annihilate property m toe Bis trick when Quot the Public safety requires it it May surely annihilate its existence As property when toe Public safety requires it especially if it transform into a Protection and defence that which As properly per led the up Btu inhere. In toe District of Columbia there Marc besides to United states Capitol House the National offices dec. Of the departments of state tres Miry War and Navy the genl Post office and Patent office. It is also the residence of toe president and All the a Behest officers of the government both houses of Congress and All the foreign ambassadors. In this same District there Are also seven Homand sfoves., Jefferson in on a. P. 241, says of slavery Toat a the state permitting one half of its citizens to trample on the rights of toe other transforms them into enemies a and Richard Henry Lee in the a. House of burgesses in 1758, declared that to those who held them a a saves must be natured is Congress so impotent that it cannot exercise that right pronounced both by municipal and National Law the most sacred and Universal the right of self preservation and defence is h shut up to the necessity of keeping seven thousand ene Miesz in the heart of toe National Citadel docs the Iron Fiat of the Constitution doom it to such imbecility Toat it cannot arrest the process that made them a enemies a and still goads to deadlier hate by fiery trials and Day by Day adds others to their number is this providing for the common defence and general welfare if to Rob men of rights excites their hate freely to restore them and make an ends will win their love by emancipating the slaves in the District Congress would Draband an army of enemies a and enlist a for toe common defence and general a body guard of friends seven thousand Strong. In the last War a handful of British sol Dies sacked Washington City burned the Capitol the presidents House and the National offices and archives and no Marvel for thousands of the inhabitants of toe District had been a transformed into would they beat Back invasion if Congress had exec id its constitutional a Power to provide for the common defence and general welfare by turning those a a enemies into friends then instead of a hostile ambush lurking in every the Oke inviting assault and secret foes in every House paralysing defence an army of allies would have shouted Defiance and the Banner of the Republic then trampled in dust would have floated securely Over rec Man exulting amidst bulwarks of strength. To show that Congress can abolish slavery in toe District under Fife Grant of Pohr to prov for toe Bof Fimon defence and Genii Frakl welfare a i quote an extract from a speech of or Madison of ya., ill toe first Congress under the Constitution. May 13, 1789. Speaking of toe abolition of the slave Trade or. Madison says i should venture to say it is As much for the interests of Georgia and Sou to. Carolina As of any state in toe Union. Every addition they receive to their number of slaves tends to weaken Toem and renders them less capable of self defence. In Case of hostilities with foreign nations they will be the Means of inviting attack instead of repelling invasion. It is a necessary duty of the general gov emment to Petit act every part of the Empire against danger As Well internal As external. Every thing therefore which tends to increase this danger though it May be a focal affair yet if it involves National exp use of safety becomes of concern to every part of the Union and is a proper subject for toe consideration of those charged with the general admin station of the government.�?�. See Cong. Beg. Vol . 310�?11. Wybe. A the Bavei acre Well provided for.�. A slave hold Era a exhibit. A abolitionists Are charged by the slaveholders with exaggerating toe inhumanity with which the slaves at the South treated. The subjoined testimony As to some of the particulars of this treatment will not be disputed. It applies to provisions cola Tnge and the annual loss in negroes. As to the first two items this remark will generally be found True a wherever provisions and articles used for clothing Are raised there toe slaves Are for toe most part Well fed we remark however must not be understood in the absolute sense nor comparatively with the free population but with the slaves of those parts of the country where provisions and clothing Are pure aimed. Wherever provision and clothing Are Purchase of they Are scantily dealt out to the slaves. The slave Selling states in a commercial Point of View have the same interest in keeping their slaves a in Good order for the Southern Market As they have for keeping their horses their mules their cattle or Thek of grf in Good order. They will Seu better. The following items Are to be found in toe appendix to a letter addressed a few years ago by the late Josiah s. Johnson senator from Louisiana to toe Secretary of the Treasury. The letter was written at a time when some apprehension was Felt by the sugar planters that an attempt would be made entirely to take off or to reduce the Tariff on foreign sugar a and with the View of showing Toat even with the Tariff investments in sugar planting did not yield More than 7 per cent annual profit a writing with this View it is not improbable that All toe expenses of a Plantation tre set Down at their Miz Timtim or Johnson a statements applies to a Plantation on which there Are ninety hands the first Cost of which is $600 each pm ing toe aggregate sum $54,000. The following particulars have been selected from his whole statement a. A provisions of a lands Fannu Aily or about 10 a i cents daily for each $3,500 a clothing of All Ann Amy or $16 66 1-3 cts. Each. 1,500 a annual losses in negroes a 1,500 a a nearly 3 per cent on $64, a a toe Cost of the orinal a it will be noted that the Fosse Here spoken of is not relative and that it will exhaust ninety slaves in 86 years in it Duding their whole natural increase for that Tim i if Iio addition should be made to their number by Purchase. Now the re Labouring classes every where in this cot Mary More than double their numbers every 36 years. But in the Case before us instead of finding the 90 slaves have even doubled and become 180, at toe end of 36 years there we a not be one of their number left to Teu their sad Story they will All hmm ruled to Supply us with sugar. This is a Sample of toe working of a system of which a Southern member of Congress asserted in his place two years ago that it produced he highest toned the purest Best organization of solely that has Ever existed on the face of the so Gar planting by it remembered too is considered the a Ultima Thule of a planters Hopes toe most honorable and aristocratic of All Southern pursuits. To be a sugar planter a to take your seat Amotio the negro driving human Mighels. Since that the whole prosecution from beginning to end had Boen so utterly groundless that All concerned in it ought to be indicted. Immediately on receiving your letter requesting Ray attend iii to his situation i called on or Crandall and Hgt be at different times spent sever hours in conversation with him. I found him intelligent discreet and gentlemanly and from inquiry Leam that lie has uniformly sustained a highly respectable character in Connecticut York and Washin Toni. C he Vas charged with distributing abolition tracts which charge if sustained was no violation of Law nor As 1 understand hits a particle of evidence been adduced either before the grand jury or at his trial that he Ever distributed such tracts or any other papers relating to the subject of slavery or that he Ever attempted in any other Way to inculcate upon others in this District his views in regard to that institution. Thus you see Toat in the capital of our boasted a Lublic of freshen toe express provisions of a Mac Constitution secure to All the Liberty of the press and Freedom of discussion a citizen Cine near loosing his life and actually suffered More than eight months imprisonment for thinking differently from the majority without publishing or even expressing in any Way Bis thoughts. Afr fes trial was Over his innocence. Proved beyond ail doubt and he fully acquitted his counsel and friends under a conviction that he would be unsafe elsewhere had him again locked into toe prison from whence i accompanied him to my own room after nine o clock in the evening where he continued until one o clock the next morning at which hour he left Washington for Baltimore and Phi Delph a. Thus this amiable and respectable Young Many a prospects Are sol overt Umed his property sacrificed and his health greatly injured by Long imprisonment and after full proof of his innocence act compelled to flee from the capital of is cot Mary for his use like a Felon in the dark go yours affectionately William Jackson. A free country the following letter it will be perceived was addressed to Francis Jackson by his brother Hon. We. Jackson while a member of Congress. It was Iead the other Day by or. Blimey to the co Minitte of the Legi suture on the subject of slavery amp a. In the District of Columbia. It is another of the Many proofs that slavery has already in fact divided the Umon nay that it has made american citizens who dare to cherish and avow the sentiments of Franklin Jay and Rush on the subject of Liberty outlaws in tiie capital of their country. Is it True that slavery Mes freemen outlaws in the District of Columbia for no crime but that of being freemen it is even so. Read the letter that follows and while the Blush is on your Cheek vow most solemnly that you wih do your utmost to drive toe foul monster at least Troin the seat of . Lib. Washington april 11, 1836. Francis Jackson 3ear brother a after a trial of ten Days and an imprisonment of eight and a half months. Or. Crandall has been acquitted. An intelligent and highly respectable lawyer who has heard the trial said but a few moments Numier of Slavely Derb in the muted states. There Are at this time about 2,500,0000 slaves in the u. S. An average of 10 a laves to each slaveholders which is probably not far from toe truth a will show the whole number of slave holders to be 250.000. They May be divided thus a 150,000 hold on an average 3 slaves 450,000 70.000 a a 5 a a 850,000 20.000 25 a 500,000 8,000 a a 100 800,000 1,000 a a -200 a a 300,000 500 a a a a 300 150,000 Here then Are 250,000 slave holders including men women and minors of both sexes who having brought under personal servitude 7\vo it unions and a a cd of their fellow creatures aspire to bring into political servitude the whole of the United states Wilh a free population of a air been or fourteen minions. To this free pc Pula Tion they Are about As 1 to 50 or 60. A daring Ai tempt a but fir Ora present appearances it Promise a to i kit too successful Ifilio Yium Bighie prom the emancipator. Tie aleut Lucky coup Etlou. For about ten years there have been almost continual attempts to procure a change in the Constitution of Kentucky. Numerous and various reasons have been assigned but it has been generally understood that a provision for the abolition of slavery was one of the chief grounds for such an argument. The Rule in the present Constitution in regard to amendments is quite Peculiar and complicated and apparently designed to interpose As Many discouragements As possible in the Way of the people to prevent a change. As we shall probably have frequent cause to refer to the subject we give toe clause in full. Art. experience shall Point out the necessity of amending this Constitution and when a majority of All toe members elected to each House of toe general Assembly shall within the first Wenty Days of their state Ltd annual session concur in passing a Law for taking the sense of the of people of this Commonwealth As to the Neil rarity and expediency of calling a convention it shall be the duty of toe several sheriffs and others returning officers at the next general election which shall be held for representatives after the passage of such Law to open a poll for and make a return to the Secretary for the time being of toe names of All those entitled to vote for representatives who have voted for calling a convention and if thereupon it shall appear that a majority of All the citizens of this state entitled to vote for representatives have voted for a convention the general Assembly shall direct that a similar poll shall be opened and taken for the next year and if thereupon it shall appear that a majority off All toe citizens of this state entitled to vote for representatives have voted for a convention the general Assembly shall at their next session Call a convention to consist of As Many members As there there shall be in the House of representatives and no More to be chosen in the same manner and proportion at toe same places and at the same time that representatives arc by citizens entitled to vote for representatives and to meet within Tore Fol to Trafter toe said election for the purpose of Root adopting amending or changing this Constitution. But if it shall appear by the votes of either year As aforesaid that a majority of All the citizens entitled to vote for representatives did not vote for a convention a convention shall not be in two instances we believe the Bill for taking the sense of the Peoples toe first step of this intricate and perplexing process has been lost Only by a single vote. It has been currently stated at the cast particularly by the clergy that the abolitionists had finally postponed the question of least half a Century. We shall see. The present legislature of Kentucky met at Frankfort on the 4tli of december and was duly Organ lived. The governor in his message said nothing about a convention. He urged however the provision for educating the whole people and said a it is known that in some of the counties of this state the existence of a school is almost unknown and education not Only is neglected but to a deplorable extent its advantages Are not he also recommends some provision to Tai Minisoi the waste of human life by quarrels with deadly weapons in reference to which subject the editor of the Frankfort Commonwealth says a a we Long to Sec the Day when the Law will assert its majesty and Stop the Wanton destruction of life which almost daily occurs within the jurisdiction of this Commonwealth. Men slay each other with most perfect impunity. The Law of self defence has received such a latitus Demous construction that every personal aggression or opprobrious epithet is sufficient to entitle the Man Slayer to the Benefit of the plea and a specie of common Law has grown up in Kentucky Toich Quot were it written Down would in All civilized countries cause her to be re christened in derision As the land of blood the Only allusion to Ala very a toe message is where his excellency refers Toa Resolution adopted at the last session in relation to slaves who escape from their owners into the neighbouring states of Ohio Indiana and Illinois concerning which he says a correspondence has been opened with the respective governors and it is believed that the great Unity and Goodfe Eling in those enlightened states will be promptly a infested in the passage of such Laws As will prevent the recur hence of the evils complained of and preserve the Friendly regard which has uniformly existed Between Kentucky and those states. A committee was appointed on this portion of the message with the accompanying documents but we have not seen their report. The committee on that part relating to deadly weapons presented thro Ugto their chair Man or. Nicholas an elaborate report Ai Gutig the constitutional right of the legislature to prohibit the wearing of such arms. It is apparent however that there was among the people and the members of the two houses a Strong though latent determination to have a invention called. The subject was introduced into both houses within three Days in the Senate by or. Win is of Green county a Fin of represent Atiles by Hough of Hardin. The debate however does not seem to have commenced till december 13th, when it was opened ill the Senate by or. Metcalf of Nicholas in opposition to the Bill followed by or. Willis in its favor. On the 14th, or. Wilks dosed his speech followed by or. Dixon of Henderson of to same Side. The Oppositi in was then continued by messes. Metcalf Blackburn of Woodford Beatty of Mason and . Wickliffe. The debate lasted through the Day with an evening session. The same Day the discussion was commenced in the other House by a speech of or Morehead of Franklin in opposition to the Bill. On toe i 5to december toe Senate resumed a subject and the Bih was finally passed by the following vote a Quot of fits messes. Ballinger Barlow Bradshaw de Courcy Dixon Ford Guthrie James Jasper Jesup May Morehead Morgan Nuttall Patterson Scott Smith Weller Willis and a. Young �?20. Nays messes. Beatty Blackburn Boyd Csetter Davidson Harreld Huston Metcalfe Miller Murrel Roberts schooling Watkins Wingate Wooley and s. Young�?16 or. Morehead finished his speech in the House and was followed by or. Helm of Hardin. The next Day the House abandoned its Biu and took up that from the Senate. Or. Nicholas of Loais Tlle made an elaborate and eloquent speech in is tin. 18.�?after some discussion on tic merits or. Kincaid stated that he had a pro position to submit which he hoped would Settle for toe present All conflicting opinions. He would propose As there was controversy among the members whether a majority of the people really desired such a Law and Many were Una Vised of the wishes of their constituents and As the matter was very exciting in its character one on which the future welfare of the state depended that the judges of the election in this state on the first monday in August next be requested to cause a poll to be opened to ascertain from each voter whether he is for or against the passage of such a Law. After some debate on the Resolution it was decided to be out of order. Or. Morehead then offered an amendment providing that toe commissioners of Revenue throughout the state in taking in the list of taxable property for toe year 1838, should likewise ascertain toe number of voters in their respective counties by which method toe whole number of Legal voters could be arrived at and thereby determine whether a majority of All the qualified voters in toe state had voted for a convention As the Constitution required. This amendment after being debated with considerable animation and ability was rejected. An amendment was then offered by or. Nicholas to obviate a constitutional defect the Bill As it read. This amendment How for after some debate was also rejected. Bec Emker 19. The convention bilk was taken up when or. Meriwether Rose and offered the following in lieu of the first Section which after some consideration was adopted Viz whereas it is represented to this general Assembly that Many of the Good citizens of the state of Kentucky do verily believe that experience has pointed out the necessity of amending the Constitution thereof. Therefore be it enacted. That it shall be toe duty of the sheriffs and other returning officers of this state at the next general election which shall be held for representatives after the passage of this Law to open a poll for and make a return to the Secretary for the time being of the names of All those entitled to vote for representatives who have voted for calling a convention in such a manner and form As is prescribed in toe Bec Enizer 20. The Bill calling a convention was read a third time. Or. Wickliffe addressed the House against the passage of toe Bill. After he had concluded the previous question was called by or. Lane. Or. Morehead Rose to a Point of order and denied the Power under toe Constitution to Stop All debate by a Call of the previous question read some extracts from the Constitution and Madel iome remarks in support of his position and on the general merits of the Bill. Or. Helm urged upon the House toe propriety of settling the matter at once by vote upon the passage of the Bill. The sense of the House was then taken up As to whether the final vote upon the Bill should be put and it was decided m the affirmative. The Bill was passed by the following vote. Those who voted in the affirmative were a messes. Adams Alexander Andrews Barbour Beaseman Adly Brandon Brashears Broad foot Browton Buckner Busby Coffey Dohoney a Drandson a Elliott Emmerson j. B. Evans w. F. Evans i Dand Gatewood Glenn Gooding Goodson Lammond Helm Hough Irwin Jasper Jas. Johnson Lackey Langford Lane Lawless Mcclure Mcelroy Megan Meriwether Mitchell j. Of Bannon j. W. Of Bannon Parker Patterson Rajme Peak Pratt Eiffe Ruddle Saluki a. Ally p m0. If Stewart Swope sympsom Thomas Thon Ibarz Trumbo Vawter Wade woolfolk�?57. Those who voted in toe negative were messes. Or. Speaker Anderaon Antho amp a Soe Brooks Buford Busick Bush c. Mph Clay jr., Craig Field Green Haydon Man Hinde Halloway j. M. Johnson Kincaid leave i Linthicum Mcc Liuigi Morrow Nicholas Pitts Rodes Slaughler Morehead Spalding Sprigg Stone Thompson Thornton Trimble Wade fee in ton Wickliffe woodson�?42 the Bill was then sent to toe Senate who a mediately took it up for consideration. Or. Metcalfe offered a motion similar to that offered in toe House by or. Kincaid but it was rejected. The amendment of the House was then agreed to and toe Bill was finally passed Jeas 2i.-uay8, 17. Or. Carter who voted nay before voted Yea and messes. Hanson Tomlinson who did not vote before voting nay. The de abates on this question Semn to have beet As might have been expected warm and Able but the Kentucky papers which we have seen give us but scanty accounts. The correspondent of the Flemingsburg kentuckian who seems opposed to the Bill writes at Frankfort dec. 16. The excitement Here is ure Mendons even the members who Are determined to vote for the Bill Are deeply excited because of the responsibility of passing the Bill in the present disturb a state of the country. Our monetary affairs Are deranged our National difficulties Are unsettled and toe great slave question Abouo be agitated in Congress when the annexation of Texas to be annexed to the Uii Ion will be made All these agitating subjects toothed with the subject of altering our Constitution will throw the country into a great ferment and i am very doubt til the struggle will not result in any advantage to As. It is hard Formant members Here to come to any Canidu Sion How they will vote upon the final action As the responsibility makes them feel very timid. The editor of the Frankfort Argus a Democrat tic paper warmly in favor of toe Bill says a the decided and respectable majority by which the bin was passed the talents called to its Aid and those so strenuously used against it the ample time Given for its consideration All go to show that it is toe voice of a majority of toe people toe free and Sovereign people of the state and who shall Date deny them the right the Power and the ability and toe patriotic integrity of examining re Modding amen Chang or totally destroying any form of. Government which emanates from item selves and fashioning another More in Achord Ance with their interest feelings or their happiness and Prosperity a we have barely time at present to say that both in the Senate and to House the Bill was Well discussed in every particular. The Bill was introduced in toe Senate by col w. T. Willis than whom a purer Patriot does not live. He met his adversaries at every Point and or pled with them with a giants Power. The other champions for toe measure and fun to fullest exercise of popular rights were hcs Sra. Guthrie Nuttall an i Dixon who threw thei Melvey unreservedly into the breach to live or die. A the interests of the people might require. Pm was opposed by the unceasing efforts and toe talents of messes. C. Wickliffe Youey Beatty and Metcalfe whose known abilities Are an ample guarantee that infinite Justice was done to toe present Constitution. In toe House of representatives mess it Elm Evans of Monroe Mcelroy Hough and Meriwether formed an unswerving band of champions for toe voice of toe country a ruling in All things. These were opposed by the a a flue be fascinating eloquence and local arguments sweetened Inver Tives and prayerful supplication of mrs. Morehead Nicholas Thompson and Sprigg As the of posers of a Liberty a permission being granted to a free people to say whether they will any longer submit to a half monarchical half popular gov emment All the Burthum of which each Man must Bear in times of need but whose every Blessing shall be clutched by the. Hands of the gently and Bosomed Only by tot few High born wealthy aristocratic nabobs of the Day. For nearly half a Century have we been subject to our present Constitution during which time by the March of Liberal principles but in the old and world vast improvements have made in science of government and yet the people of Kentucky notwithstanding their zealous untiring efforts have been unable until the present time to have the door opened for any modification or improvement whatsoever in their own Constitution. It would seem that former Legislatures were afraid to Trust the people with any modification of the government which they have a natural and righ10l alter or to modify at their own will and pleasure. This has been the orthodox doctrine of the aristocracy in every age and in every country. The Wisdom of the few cannot Trust the me grit of the Many the great majority of the people with toe gov emment of themselves. The Learned talented wealthy few have always preferred seizing to their own individual use and Benefit All the Powers blessings and emoluments of government while they Are Only willing in the Day of peril to Shear the lesser half of the burdens and difficulties of to times and lion like Beard the multitude when any retrenchment of their self i grand sement and unnatural clutched privileges is required to place All upon an Equality. A was toe door is open to the people of Kentucky for toe reformation of their government after 40 years refusal we Hope that they will duly appreciate the important crisis and use it for the improvement of their Constitution As far As it is Necess for toe better enjoyment of their civil and religious rights and liberties. We design As Early As possible to commener toe publication of the very Able speeches delivered in to Senate and House of representatives during the discussion of this important Bill. The people will doubtless take a deep interest in their perusal. Col. W. To Willis was certainly to Hercules of Popup or rights in the Senate in this important . Helm was toe Telamon of the House who grappled messes. Mora head and Nicholas and paralysed their Able and eloquent efforts against a convention. Against a convention. The Fried of sex govenor Morehead applaud toe Seal ability and eloquence with which he defended the a Hresent Constitution with a its to objectionable features but it is admitted by All Toat Jura Nicholas stood pre eminent As its eulogist and defender. For ourselves we Are ready to assume an in deviating unflinching course. A sink or swim live or die a we enter the contest with uhf Igried banners for the fullest enjoyment of popular rights. We shall fearlessly and zealously advocate toe propriety of passing the present Bih toe expend Wacy i

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