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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - March 13, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioIlantha rapist weekly by the anti it slavery 80cibtt, Comer of ill at 4 sixth a ire Elf Cincinnati Ohio. Jin.lu8 o. Enlil Lumac to Ems a two dollars Ami Fifejr cents in three dollars if not pay Al till the expiration of the year. Letters on a Uit Fiatt Shoum be directed to to in punishing Jenft those relating to the editorial de Pait Meni. To it the a Oma. Tit Aii Cater Poat paid. Poetry. From the Cincinnati Jhu Fly Gazette. My country tis of t a Sweet land of Liberty a of Thoc i sing r i would i we a Bard of might with Swift Bright thoughts and soul of iame. A with re pm Al verse and Fiuty flight. With Laurel Wreath and glorious name what theme should inspire. And rapture bring. White of thrilling Lyre i woke the is Tringl re sing country Blest the exiles Home and thou. Queen City of the West a modern Rome be Girt with seven mighty Hills. Washed by Ohio a tide whose Praise spin thrills and wakens joyous Pride fair Cincinnati f d sing. Throw Futory jeans vision fling. And Mark the triumphs of that Day when Long Bath slept mouldering Clay. And diadem of splendor Crown eth the Crown of mighty thought that Aye must to the noblest claim where Man is free i Wool i were a Bard of might. With voice of Melody and Aye of Light Aye gifted with the sight a a off Ewry great and High i ,. White meaner thoughts within should die. What Noble theme should Wake Delight 1 i stand within the Capitol a glorious pile a i View each fair and lofty Wall i tread each Wley and gaming to the arched dome. Cry rapturously. Hail Freedom Home when Streight chains the shrill Sharp lash of pain the curse of uie rant fierce shrinking spirit Pierce. And slaves go past there where shall i hide Vert 1 i would i we a Bird of might with Lanzl wreathed brow and Eye of Fis with measures smoothly softly flowing. With Harp it full with tuneful wire a and soul with lofty Fervour glowing. What theme should Wake to Delight hush a no sound of Joy is in the chords a jarring crash a startling Wail and woes and tearful words and rugged brow and Cheek full Pale a it is. country a aha land of Many a glorious name a Cmel in battled faithless found perjured in Irea Tiea a from the ground. The cry of blood to heaven High. Rises throw the echoing dry. And Clouds fast a the ring frown re ply. Blood of the simple Forest child. The native Denizen of the wild i hear the sight the hoarse death groan a i so toward the dim w cat wave Tom from his Olden fathers grave the exiled people wandering Lone. A nations Luins a there Tiey stand a wesak out raged heart broke i band in she a their wild Wood Hunting shout their bows All broken a coun cil firc o Ute despair ens Tampa their Stem proud Mien. Where yet no burning tear hath been. While Deso lating destiny pursues the to from the White Many a Eye. My country holy Rove rend name land of departed matchless Fame i Bow soul to dust i cannot Brook thy shame i would not utter but i must the thought that Over came. Vivian. Anti slavery. R a picture of the South. From lie few Forb ,. Senator Kino and the Vermont memorial. This gentleman Stift ered himself to become much. eci ted on the Prusen tation to the Senate of the United states of the memorial of the legislature of Vermont demonstrating against the annexation of Texas. Because o f a.8tateme it it contain cd c All aug in question the Good order of the South for some time past. The part of the memorial referred to is this a the anarchy and Diso in Der that now p re Yail at the South the apparent overthrow of late of her in constitutional and Legal barriers erected for Security of the i Tiz cons and the seeming w ant of Power in her proper authorities to re establish them the illegal outrages which her own citizens As Well As those from the free states have suffered for the last two or three years in the South and to which it would appear up to this time they Are exposed a outrages that so far As your committee of 5f the Vermont legislature Hai c the Means of in forma Uon have in Many instances been provoked by an honorable Adcocy of Liberty and a con damnation of slavery not less honorable or from a suspicion that the one was honoured and the other detested ont Reges that have passed by unpunished and unnoticed by the proper tribunals where they a pc been Peepe rated these and o ther fearful sacrifices of important interests by the North amp a. The above statement the honorable Senahid from Alabama pro Nenn Ces to by a a Quot false an d ins 0t-ing to the if now it can be proved to he Irtie from innumerable facts that Are unquestionable on the score of authenticity or. King ought to take pleasure in withdrawing the charge that it is a a insulting to the South. With some of these facts 1 jul now Endeavor to refresh the honorable memory. 1 am surprised that Fie should have forgotten them still More if knowing them that he should Hazard his reputation by such a rash and unwarranted remark. 1. A few years ago or. Pinney who has since been governor of Liberia on returning from Africa visited the South with the Hope of exciting an in the rest there favo Rable to the Colo Niza Tion sche . In Columbia s. Carolina he delivered a discourse recommending to the charitable consideration of his Hea, the c education of the n Active children youth within the limits of the liberian the discourse was considered by some of influence enough to stir up a mob As interfering with slavery. A mob was raised with the purpose of proceeding to the grossest personal indignity if not to still greater extremity against in. Pinney and it was As much As the be w friends that we re left him could do to screen him from their fury by privately hurrying him out of the country. This riotous prot Eding by which a Freeman was exiled was paired by in i policed and unpunished by the proper tribunals of the country. 2. A few years since in Perry county Alabama at no very great , from the residence of the honorable senator a slave stabbed a White Man. He was seized tied to a tree and without the form of trial Burnt to death by a slow fire and this too in the presence of so Large a number of wealthy and influential persons that it was thought useless even to attempt their arrest and punishment by any Al process. 3. Mcintosh a free coloured Man at St. Louis Missouri last year wounded the sheriff of the county who had arrested him. He was seized and put in jail to be tried for the offence of murder. There was no apprehension that he would escape either from the custody of the Jailer or from the just Sente no e of the k w. He was. Openly and forcibly taken from the jail by a multitude of people tied to a tree and Burnt to death with a slow fire whilst his prayers to god his entreaties to he Pul to death at o Nee and the shrieks that his agony extorted from him were answered by taunts and reviling from the surrounding none of these murderers have Ever been called in question for their crime 4. In the year 1836, a slave was Burnt to death in Arkansas in the same Way. The perpetrators of them order so far As is known h not been prosecuted in any court. 5. In july 1835, five american citizens were publicly hanged on a scaffold in Vicksburg ., till they were dead without even the form of a trial. A Phe House they occupied was forced by a band of citizens they were seized and All of them at on executed one of them scarcely having life from a wound received iii defending his House. The perpetrators of this act have never been questioned for it before any judicial tribunal. 6. About the same Lime a gentleman named Robinson was seized by the populace As he was travelling in Virginia and without any trial scourged to death. It turned out that they took the person their violence being Intel ded for another. No one was questioned for this painful and degrading violation of the person of a citizen. 7. In August 1835, or. Amos , a citizen of Ohio whose business took him into the state of Tennessee was apprehended at the in a of a a vigilance committee a made up of f 60 of the Infix Enlil and wealthy citizens of Nashville he was brought before it for trial the mayor of the City assisting he was condemned to banishment fro the state and to roce ivc Twenty stripes on his Bare body. The sentence was executed so far As the scourging was concerned by the marshal of Nashville in the Public Square of. The City amidst the insults and execration of the surrounding Multi tide composed in part of the members of the committee. The officers of the Law have made no to bring any of these tres passers to punishment. 8. In 1836, or. Kircheff a citizen of new , being in the s Tate of , and in the prosecution of a lawful business was apprehended by a vigilance committee tried before it at the Village of Hillsborough and condemned to have his head shaved to be tarred and. , to be carried round the Village on a rail and to be banished from the state. His offence was being suspected of being an abolitionist. He suffered in his person All the indignities embraced in the sentence the populace executing them to the sound of Drums and fifes and other instruments of music. It is not known a a that a by o f these rioters have been questioned for this criminal outrage. 9. In january 1837, or. Hopper of the society of friends of this City went to Savannah Georgia on commercial business a Short time after he had taken lodgings at one of the hotels the populace broke into his room and on the charge that he Man abolitionist seized an d broke open his trunk and ransacked its contents to find evidence that he was an abolitionist. The mayor of the City was Quot present and assist d. In search. A heavy fall of rain which dispersed the multitude for a Short time afforded or. Hopper an Opportunity of making his escape he took Refuge in a new y 0 re vessel lying in the a and removing from it where he was not Safe to another vessel just about to sail he came off with his life his business being left in finished thoae_0 pen violators of the Law it is believed have not been prosecuted for their criminal act. 10. The last autumn a projected negro insurrection w pretended to be disco vere d o n. Red River Louisiana with the stereotyped accompaniment of killing All the White men and saving All the White . Nine three free coloured men were Forth with hanged without trial one White Man was shot by a or Fusilier and it was determined forthwith to expel All the free coloured people from that neighbors Ood. I h ave As yet seen no account that Fiese murderers have been questioned in any court of Louisiana. 11. In the latter part of september Captain Huggett a re Side it of this City., of the Schooner Polly was lying at Jacksonville in Ohio. It being rumoured that he was an abolitionist some fifty or sixty of the populace crowded into the store where he was transacting business preparatory to sailing some crying out a hang him a others a Star anti Feather they then tried to drag him to to the Street but before they accomplished Mieir object the Captain of a military guard coming by and learning the Story he was rescued fro a their Power. Ain Hugget sailed for Charleston where he was dismissed by the owner of the vessel from his service he having heard that the mob Wolf to be waiting for Captain At a Point w Here the Schooner w Ould touch. Came on to Georgetown s. C., where he got command of another vessel but in two Days the Story came on in the papers and a great commotion was raised. Fhe mob got tar and feathers ready and applied to the chairman of the vigilance committee who happened to be the employer of Captain h., and As the newspaper account says a a pious this same pious chairman of a Vig contrived to p riot act him til he could be sent away from the Coli Iarj after being obliged to relinquish his contrib it As Captain of the vessel. So far As i have heard none of the parties to these outrages have been punished. 12. A fhe Post office in Charleston was broken open rifled of its contents which were publicly Burnt in. The c streets o f that City in the p resent e of a Large assemblage made up in part of the most respectable and wealthy of the population. Of this flagrant violation of the Laws no notice has been take by an judicial Tribu Nal. 13. Fhe most influential new a Perl. M Uther cities especially new of ans hat the to adopt the sri go Numis inquisition for persons being suspected of being abolitionists that they May be brought before vigilance committees to be dealt with As they May think proper. The strictest espionage has. Been kept up at hotels and of steamboats and vessels arriving. This Misdemeanour of the newspapers against the Public peace and against Public Justice has been passed by unpunished and unnoticed by the judicial officers of the South 14. The continued existence throughout the so u the o f vigilance co limit tees Una authorized b y the Laws of the states in which they Are found and inflicting even capital punishment is incontrovertible Evide nce that the Laws themselves have no Power. When such combinations of the citizens Are made the substitutes of courts,.it shows that the latter have lost their authority. 15. Not Many years since or Mercer of Yir Ginia asserted on the floor of Congress that a a cargoes of african slaves were smuggled into the Southern states to a deplorable extent. About the same time or. Middleton member of Congress from s. Declared it to be his belief to that 13,000 africans were annually smuggled Injo the Southern Ste tes or. Wright of ., Esliman ted the number at 15,000.�?� a wealthy landholder of Louisiana told miss Martineau in 1835, that a the annual importation of native africans by smuggling w As from -13,000 to 15,000 a it is probable he spoke of Louisiana alone. The president of the u. S. In his last annual message speaking of the Navy says a the Force under Commodore Dallas on the West India station has been most actively and efficiently employed in protecting our Commerce in preventing the importation of slaves.,�?� amp a. I ask the Hon. Senator from Alabama How Many instances he can give during the 17 years that he has been in the Senate where the proper authorities of the South Suc .edcd. In punishing or even arraign ing these Daylight and wholesale violators of the Law 16. In conclusion i would ask senator King if any one who was publicly known to entertain the sentiments of the abolitionists would be Safe in his person or his life from the fury of the people for a single in an y of the cities of the planting South worm they be so in Columbia a. C., or in Tuscaloosa or in Jackson or in any Village whatever of the South would the Laws give any p Protection to or. Gerrit Smith or Arthur t Appan or to or. Channing men of the most blameless lives a or even to the venerable John Quincy a , Laden As he is with the Hof tors of the country should any of them he found in a Southern City or Village senator King would not i think venture the assertion that the Laws of the South could not give them any Assurance of personal Security that could be relied on for an hour. Now if the Laws of the Southern states cannot protect the most unpopular individual who entertain sentiments the most obnoxious a if they cannot restrain the populace from downright murder in open Day nor punish those who commit it a if slaves Are hanged almost by the dozen w Ith out trial a if the free coloured people Are also put to death on Bare suspicion that they have been concerned in instigating the slaves to revolt and w Hite men Are shot on tiie same suspicion a if the Post office is plundered and its contents Burnt openly in the Street a if a a cargoes of africans ii which ,g in n, to thirteen four tee ii or if teen thousand Are imported annually into the South a if i say these enormities have passed for years unpunished and Unno tired by the Laws of the South it seems to that the legislature of Vermont have spoken also the truth and that senator Kii i charge of falsehood must recoil on his o . . A native of the South. Pies intelligently embraced and faithfully carried out Are the Only True conservatism of our free institutions. Patriotism As Well As religion therefore forbids hat we should dra w Back or omit any lawful Endeavor to carry Forward an Enterprise to a speedy and peaceful Triumph. Willi Toliese Vic is Ive Are be d to urge a Large increase of circulation for our paper. No pains will be spared to make it the vehicle of the earliest intelligence and the most i interesting information con Nec the d wit i the cause. Terms�?$2 per annul always in Advance. Those who Livili Forward the Money for five copies in Advance shall be entitled to one copy Gratis. No paper will be sent after the subscription is expired. All author pc d agents Fiji the publications of the anti slavery Fly Ety Are Roques to ail pants for this paper. Address 143 Nassau Streel. N. B. We Exchange with some hundreds of newspapers and the committee will feel themselves greatly obliged if our Exchange papers will have the goodness to give this prospectus an insertion in their columns. Joshua Leavittt editor. Fifth a h of the so Clety. The fifth anniversary will be held with divine permission in the City of new York on tuesday the 8th Day of May next. The Public exercises will be in the Broadway Tabernacle and commence at 19 of clock a. M. The exercises will be prayer Reading the scriptures abstract of the annual report and several addresses. Agreeably to the recommendation at the last annual meeting the meeting of the society for business will be held this year the week previous to the anniversary Viz. On wednesday the 2nd of May in the lecture room of the Broadway Tabernacle at 4 of clock a m., and continue if fro Day a a Day. All the auxiliaries Are requested to Send delegates who Are requested to report their names at the society a rooms no. 1,43 n assay Street i a mediately on their arrival in the City. The friends of the cause throughout the Union Are invited to a attend the Anniv e is .airy., new Fork feb. 25, 1838. Lewis Tappan Quot Duncan Dunbar committee Joshua Leavitt y of s. E. Cornish Range to. S. S. Jocelyn n. B Edito to Fric idly to the 8�, o f h than rights Are respectfully requested to give the above notice an insertion in their respective newspapers. The emancipator. The emancipator is designed to communicate the p proceedings exhibit the views a extend the principles of the american anti slavery society and its auxiliaries. At the present time there is probably no institution whose o Jie Rali oils More important Tobe known by every american citizen. Combining the influence of probably two Hundred thousand citizens generally behind no others for moral w Orth and determined purpose the anti slavery society will doubtless have a mighty in filience for weal or to. We it believe its Princi communications. Fetter of . Russ to the Rev. Or. Jules. A concluded hmm our Kun number. You remarked that a abolitionists can effect nothing till Quot the South is abolitionists now the South must be a willing a therefore they use the Means to convince them and have found already that a truth is mighty and will a Quot a hundreds a said a clergy Nian at the South a hundreds Here Are praying for the Success of a we believe the people North formerly o opposed emancipation lest the Blacks should come among us. We have delivered up those Yaj pm to his master contrary to scripture. A thou Salt not deliver unto his master the servant that is escaped from his master u nto lie shall dwell with even among you in that place which he shall choose in one of thy Gates where it Niketh him Best thou shall not oppress ought we to fold our hands sit still and Stop our ears at the cry of the poor a fall things whatsoever be would that men should do to you do be even to a Thos Saith the lord execute be judgment and righteousness and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor and do no wrong do no violence to the stranger or the tribunal this Side of heaven that is to be regarded As having a right to interfere or to Lamerce us by Fine or imprisonment by loss of life or limb or reputation for the honest expression of our while i believe in the sentiments of the foregoing extract i shall consider it unworthy the character of the Christian or philanthropist to renounce the cause of Freedom or the claims of humanity for such reasons As you offered. The remaining part of or. Rosss letter we omit because it is chiefly taken up with matters of merely local . Phil j fatherless or the there is an unchristian prejudice among us which is the cause of injustice to the Blacks. This is sin and ought to be reproved. A thou shall rebuke thy 0 a and not suffer sin upon to have respect to persons i not Good. Seven they you said you found slavery in America when you were born therefore you Are not accountable for the sin. Do you reason so on other Points if so you have nothing to do with sabbat braking intemperance infidelity of pro i amt die. You Are Only called to reprove a few sins such As Are of modern invention. From this i conclude that no Man living is accountable for the sin of slavery or any other sin which exis ted when the present generation were bom. Eighth you remarked that i a bought to seek the peace of the cd this i know is important but is there nothing that should be sought but the peace of the Church i believe we ought first to seek for purity the Wisdom i that is from above is a first pure then peaceable gentle and easy to be entreated full of mercy and Good fruits without partiality and without when the Church is i pure it is not for peace and when they say peace and safety then sudden destruction cometh and they shall not escape. Fhe Church ought not to have peace till she cleanse herself from blood Gui Liness i think w c should look farther we should look at the whole Church and seek the Good of All men not our own ease. Shall the Dearest and Ete Al interests of undying millions be sacrificed upon the altar of the peace of the Church or should we first obey that brings a up can a on Earth and Good will to w Ard All men we omit Here several items of no general . . I will. Tex Traci from the views of tile Rev. Albert Barnes a on the right of free discussion a ours is a land of Freedom of thought of Large and Liberal inquiry on All the subjects connected with literature science morals Liberty and religion. The right is secured to us by the god that Ade us and is i u w Rought into All the elements of Freedom and accountable moral Agency. Let it be maintained that there is one p principle i n science or i n. Religion o be doctrine of government one Maxim of Law that May not be examined one custom that May not be tested by reason and the Bible and Liberty is at an end a w Edge has. Entered that a y be driven until the entire fabric is demolished. And it is to be assumed in this nation that if there is any thing in science 0 rals or Public sentiment that can be proved to be wrong it ought to be abandoned forthwith. If any Public custom cannot by defended it is to be Laid aside. And if there is an y custom w hich is Atte a pc d to be so held that we May not know All about it if there be any position in regard to which men grow angry and suffer their passions to kindle i nto a Ikuine when it is proposed to examine it any thing where brute Force is resorted to instead of Calm and Manly argument a it is to be Rog aided As Pritim Facie evid ence that it is wrong an d. Inconsistent with Freedom. The most appalling danger that threatens our country is the threatened restriction of the right of free discussion. The pulse of Freedom beats languid when you diminish this right. Fhe most ominous feature in these times is that this right has been called in question Aid that it has been met with so much timidity and so much yielding and so much Compromise by Liose who should bleed and die rather than for one moment surrender this elementary principle of Liberty. Be it where it May on whate ver subject May be presented we have a right to know what is proposed for our belief and to examine it at Leisure. We May propose our sentiments when and where we please subject Only to the decency is of courteous and civilized life and the a tits of the la w of the land. We May pro aim them from the press in the pulpit in the legislative Hall in every primary Assembly in every debating room before any class of citizens and o n the Lio Iise top nor is Friere to be any self constituted tribunal that is to ask us Why we do it or that claims a Power to bid us pause nor any Public opium of to Standard of Dut. One of the arguments most frequently urged against abolition a for to is that they Are in. Oppose Uon to Puli in opinion. If this be any argument at ail it is obvious on a moments consideration that so far from being a reason for their Discoli nuance it does in fact constitute their necessity. All attempts at Reform whether in science or in morals assume that the prevailing sentiments Are in opposition to the Vic is of the reformer. Else w hat is the use in their avocation if abolitionists did not know that Public opinion needed reformation o n the subject of the ,Africa, throngs i to agitation would be useless. Does not the fact of such an argument being so generally presented evince How Little the True principles of Liberty Are under stood or valued it is the very offspring o f and Folly. Frith is truth and it matters not whether millions receive or reject it. Were it not so every question in morals and philosophy would be resolved into a simple question of arithmetic. Doubtless there is great pleasure in the consciousness that our conduct is regarded Init he approbation by our fellow Raen. There is a sympathetic feeling in our breasts which is the source of a great Deal of the purest of human happiness. It is not the gratification of a love of Praise but a reciprocation of benevolent affections. It is the link by which human souls Are so mysteriously and happily c Annec ted. It i s Ilie pc Eling of love which exists to overflowing in the great spirit by whom for the most Wise and merciful purposes it was implanted also in the breasts of men. This Golden Chain therefore cannot be rup tured Wilmont pain. It is this feeling which prompts us to pity and relieve the afflicted which seeks to set free those who arc Bonds and i s not afraid of danger reproach or persecution. It is at once the principle and Power of All benevolent associations. To it abolitionists Appeal when they Point out the Hor lors of slavery and s How her with horrid visage waging impious War against All the elements of social order and All the dictates of Justice and Huma nity. Yet abolitionists Are denounced As Wanton violators of the very virtue of which we have been speaking inasmuch As they Are propagating doctrines which the great majority of the comm Unity regard with hatred thus stirring up and directing against themselves Public animosity and violence. If this feeling of hatred w Ere deserving of respect or reverence there would at least be some appearance of Force in the argument but it is one to which no virtuous principle responds. It is As us med that acquiescence in a prevailing g Public sen ziment is a duty without respect to the moral Cha ctr of that Public sentiment and this Assumption is made not Only by those we o avowedly justify and defend slavery but by those who profess to condemn it. These latter Are no less violently opposed to abolition than the former but yet claim to stand on the subject of slavery 0 n cora.on ground with abolitionists. Slavery in the abstract they condemn it is cruel and unjust in the last degree they will allow. Our obligations to humanity and Justice to pity the unhappy beings who Are the victims of this horrible institution Are indisputable and it follows undeniably from these premises that we Are bound to follow out the impulse of our own hearts and understandings by suitable endeavours to Rescue the oppressed from their oppressors. But no to this incr table conclusion they will not come. Public opinion is opposed to such proceedings you will awake Public indignation the Community will be excited and y of have no right to persist in a course in o Sposi Tion to their feelings and wishes you owe a respect to Public sentiment which is on no account to by violated. Here we have two duties Wlinich Are wholly incompatible. This is a Complete red Ciao and absurd am. Fruit is not truth virtue is not virtue. Such is the stuff which abolitionists receive for arguments of absurd i a fact that one has Good reason to be ashamed to enter into a serious conf tation. But though the consciousness of the approbation of our Fellows is pleasing still it must not be forgotten that it is not always unaccompanied with pain. On the other hand though the disapprobation of others is undoubtedly painful yet it would be a mistake to suppose that it is always unattended with pleasure. It takes More than the worlds favor to Confer happiness. His tory need not be ransacked for an example in which a Man after having reached High Honor great Power and unbounded popularity sought in vain for Tranquility of mind. A Man has passed from the prison to the scaffold where death was inflicted As the penalty of his Virtues on whose head As he passed were heaped every imaginable insult and iii Igni to but who suffered All not with firmness merely but with Triumph. How came it that the misery of the former and the happiness of the latter possessed so Little coincidence with the outward circumstances in w hic h each h was placed consciousness of ill desert weighed Down the one consciousness of rectitude supported the other. W, we think of those w to have nobly died in the glorious cause of Justice we Are Apt to dwell with commiseration on their unhappy Fate and forget that inward exaltation that tumult of Joy that inspired them in the fatal hour. It is in persecution that the majesty of the soul is most conspicuous a then is seen the mighty Power that sustains in the Day of Lri Al the mind that loves Ite principles More than it fears death. Even the timid become bold when the sacrilegious attempt is made to Sii Bugate their thoughts and under standings. Yet the enemies of freed i of opinion speak As if their frown alone could arrest the purposes of men acting under the most powerful conviction s of duly. We Tell them that death would not do it and that Defeated in argument fruitless also will by their Appeal to fear. Nowhere is the Wisdom of the creator More fully manifested than in this provision of the human mind that denies peace to the powerful and unprincipled and which upholds the free spirit in its Resis Tance to tyranny w Ere it not so unjust and cruel men would he without Check in their destructive career and the just and Good in sep ported in the hour of persecution by any innate principle would be overwhelmed. History would then exhibit Only successful usurpation and prosperous w in be a Ness r it Dess conquerors would be seen driving their chariots Over the necks of vanquished nations in vain around we look for a Deli Verf no would. A p Pear Kading his oppressed countrymen to victorious Battle against their oppressors none of those martyrs whose Devotion to the cause of human rights refused to yield to in no a torture d be of those talismanic names the sound of which is sufficient to awake a people from the deep lethargy of prolonged Sla very a o d shake the thrones of tyrants. On looking Back upon the past what would we see a regions of desolation void of what would be presented to the Eye when Endea Yonng to be n Etra Teth future a p respect Opelc a the other a or secs a despair Tofu desm fati Romless. But we have reason to be Tolian Ful that history unfolds far other scenes and warrants far different . How can we doubt the ultimate Success of a cause thus supported by experience philosophy and religion the o consummation a.y not be very near but neither can it be very Distant and blessed will he be who shall live in that Day when this monstrous iniquity will be banished from every nation and when Justice will begin her reign upon the Earth. A. A 5 \ or. B a lev a i Send you. The fou owing answering the one grand pro Siam cry objection which we meet oftener than any other. J. Blanchard. The a a merciful slave a slime r. Cases a does a Man sin in holding a slave when the slave entreat him to do so to prevent his falling in to a worse provided the master offers him his Freedom pays him wages and consents to sustain the relation of master solely from feelings of mercy to the slave a the inquiry May be simplified thus a is the property Power by which one holds another harmless and the relation created by it innocent ans. 1st. It is not pretended that the sinfulness of this or any other wrong relation is the sin of enforcing or acting under that Clation because the Case supposes t hat the As ter performs no act of slave holding usual under this relation. If there be any sin it must be the sin of a relation and not of any actions w hich the c relation 2d. It will much Aid our inquiry to remember also that a Good and righteous relation As of a Patron to a poort labourer does not contain in itself prior to All acte to the poor person any of the righteousness of those acts As furnishing him business and bread. If ther be any righteousness in b a cd of patronage it must be the excellence of the relation merely and not of any particular person. 3d. Now there Are but two kinds of Shunmo relations right a d wrong natural and Umes nral. I marriage parentage friendships in Trade apprenticeship to business Ami the like belong to the 6 rat class. Who c a Nawi Kiei a hut a actions such relations fairly allow he is not Sixfin Ling either in taking up the relation or acting under it. Concubinage false parentage i. E. The keeping of stolen Bildren smuggling is to pass counterfeit Money and the like Are wrong relations. You cannot enter such relations nor act them out will out so. The e a d results which flow from these relations do not make them sinful but because they Are criminal in themselves therefore bad results flow from them if any and if men ent c r these relations without Ever intending to commit the crimes which Alliey allow yet they Are guilty of entering into an and Wick red relation. 4th. The sole question is now to w hich class of human relation does human property holding belong can a Man enter into it sustain it or act under it without sin a is. He cannot rightfully become a slave Holder by stealing a Man or by purchasing of a person who had no Good title or by purchasing a Man of himself for such a bargain is not Bio Ding b y the la w of god or Man being no consideration or pro quo Given or by inheritance for How can he inherit what his did not o w by nor can the Laws him a. Holder without is own Choice. The door which he must enter this relation is then a Gateway of crime. Quot a so also every time he acts upon this relation by treating or mentally considering the slave As property by using his service without wages &c.,each h successive exercise of the prop Eity Power w is a separate sin. If then a Man cannot enter this % relation without sin or act it out innocently you have All the evidence to prove the relation criminal in itself that the Case adm its of except the declaration of god or the same evidence by which you condemn the relation subsisting Between smugglers and co Unterfer items which h you do not Hes i Tate to do without waiting to see whether they to smuggle and counterfeit. And As All the evidence there is goes to prove the relation of proper holding Cri Al there being to evidence on the contrary to show the relation innocent i therefore conclude it sinful. Obj. 1st. Why May Nota Mas ter allo w his slave to Avail himself of the property Power under which he is held to protect himself against that Law which will seize and sell him the moment he is free ans. Because the end w ill not Sanctify the Means. The Law of love or a do As you would be done by a does not bind the master to enter or continue in an cil relation for the Good of the slave the slave nor the Mas ter if i n. His co udi Tion has to right to wish a to be done by a in wish As a Way to wish another person to a do evil that Good May come to him. Obj. 2d. It is granted that the relation is sinful but it is contended that the guilt Keth on those who enact Laws creating and upholding the slave system which Laws forbid emancipation and not on the individual master who has become enlightened and has repented that he Ever entered this relations is doing All he can to abolish tiie slave code and retains foe property Power Only in mercy to his slaves and Means to relinquish it As soon As it is Safe for them. Ans. This objection is a Reni edition of the former with additional circumstances and admits the same answer. If the relation is a granted to he sinful a it is impossible to conceive How human Laws can make a Man innocent who sustains it unless it can be shown that a a n can be compelled by such Laws to hold a slave against his Wilh which would he As absurd As the child a plea a John made Tell a if All the pious .n i n a slave state resolve to hold Thier slaves till the majority who Are wicked abolish the system of slavery then there pious men i h a a

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