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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - July 24, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioOahu by Bailey no. A a. New series philanthropist published weekly by the anti Sla very society v. W. Corner of mme sixth tire tit Cincinnati Ohio. Boyle Pulli Ahlai a font it o dollars and fifty Canta in Adi Tsarnes Tima dollars if not paid till the expiration of the year tars of business should be directed to the publishing agent relating to the editorial department to the editor. In All casts peer paid. E emancipation a a new Jefrem the emancipator York observer in paver of immediate emancipation. This leading colonization paper heretofore Dowtin gushed far its Seal in founding Alarma reap acting tha doctrines of is understood to have come out decidedly in of immediate in contradistinction to gradual Emancia in tha paper of june is is the following editorial 44 b Ana Anos. Apprenticeship Abo titled. A the act of the colonial legislature abolishing the apprenticeship and declaring All the slave free after the first of August has bean passed and sent to England for approval which we presume it Wilt readily receive. Hera we have another instance of4 immediate emancipation after series of efforts continued for nearly Twenty years to prepare the slaves for Freedom. We presume it will work Well much better than 1 that most Unata Tesman like of All forms of gradual Eraanci-1 Palian yet invented the British apprenticeship system. A a a there is one reason for this measure concerning which a it was not Good policy for the barbarians to say much and of which of course Little has been said. According to the a apprenticeship act the 4 Nofi pro deals or House servants a wha Are perhaps one fifth of the whole become free on the fir Atef August 1838, while the 4 pm dials a or Field bands 1 continue in servitude two years longer. August 1, 1898, 1 therefore has always been regarded As the most dangerous i Point Iun the whole process for it was feared that when the House servant should be set free the dissatisfaction of the 1 Field hand would Lead to serious disturbances. This danger is a voided by making All free at ones. Besides this the 1 barbadian were doubtless heartily sick of the bungling and 4 inconvenient arrangements of the existing system and encouraged by the Succes of entire emancipation in Antigua. We cell particular attention to the second paragraph where the observer assigns a reason for tha measure of the apprentices All at once via. That44 the non i pro dials a Hauae Parvanta who pie perhaps one fifth of the free on the frat of August a and therefore Quot it waa feared a that the of the Field hands would Lead Tor Arious this therefore Saya the observer a a has always been regarded As the most dangerous Point in a the whole program a and 44 this d Ang e r is avoided by making All free at thera it is in a nut Heil a a turning them All loom at once is the Only Way to avoid the 14 danger of attempting to keep a Large Man of people in slavery after they have seen a considerable portion by 44 one fifth of their Fellows set free. Thera is Only one Way by which44 this danger is to be avoided. So abolitionists have always said reasoning from tin Natura Otbo ease on the simple supposition that tin slave Are. Persona Bone of our Bone Ell of one blood end possessing the human nature with ourselves. And for Maitti Tinag ins doctrine have abolitionists been specially abused As fanatics and madmen to talk of44 turning Loose such a vast number of slaves. The new York observer Baa at length been brought to the seme conclusion not by a abstract reasoning Bat by the demonstrative Force of actual Experiment. So be it known there is no fanaticism now in urging immediate emancipation As the Only Means of avoiding the 44 danger of gradualism. On what ground it can now be urged that holding men As slaves is tight or not sinful when emancipation is acknowledged to be Safe we Ara not informed. As to the circumstance that the observers belief of the Security of 44 making All free at once a i grounded on actual Experiment and not on 44 abstract theory we consider the difference precisely the seme As be tween the scholar who believes the 47th proposition on the ground of or Quot abstract a demonstration and the child who has Fried it by carefully ranging his Hundred blocks on the Hypotenuse and then finding that the same blocks will make two squares of 36 and 64 piece on the base and perpendicular. The insinuation of the observer that the people of the West indies desired to conceal from themselves and others the Tine reason of their proceeding is abundantly disproved by a familiarity with the papera from the islands. The Obert cps a farther Mora says that in Barbado 441 have another instance of immediate emancipation after a i tries of efforts continued for nearly Twenty years to prepare the slave for this is harping on an old string 44 prepare the slaves for now Lotus see what waa the amount of these efforts�?44 continued for newly Twenty year a in Barbado and the actual amount of44 preparation which in the judgment of the observer rendered immediate emancipation at length proper. And to save All questions As to the evidence we will rely sex Ekus ively on the report of prof. Hovey who being an agent of the 44 in a Union a will not by the out cover be Charara with axioms nation or suppression of the truth. M a it the by Taco on to aran of 166 Square Miles has a population of 101,299, o whom 82,807 we slaves. Since 1825, it has been an Epie oops use end the present bid top the it. Rev. W. H. Col Ridge d. Do a a Man of great Energy of character is f mph Patron of a Hool of All flames and has procured from England Large sums for their support. The planters were much opposed to emancipation and resisted it As Long As they could without losing their a Hare of the compensation. The Bishop has now Twenty nine clergymen and or. H. Days the number of apprentice under their religious instruction even now 44 cannot exceed 6000.�?� the Wesleyan have seven Chapela three ordained missionaries and 1370 apprenticed labourer in their Sode Tiea and,44 for the last fen years no obstacles have1 intentionally been thrown in the Way of their labors. The moravian have three establishments and under their charge a a apprentices. 44 front a these we have a says prof. H�?z44 an aggregate of a Little Row than 12,000, leaving about 70,000 without the mean of religious knowledge,. 116. It wih be recollected that this is the amount of 44 efforts a a Bree year after the Power of slavery was broken by the. Introduction of the apprenticeship. And As to the literary a a a preparation a he Days he 44 cannot give the precise number a of children who Are under instruction a yet or is 44 certain that it is much Leas in proportion to the population than at Antigua and a Only about a years ago the idea of a school for the instruction of slave was treated with the utmost p. I. In i826, there was but one Public ache for the infraction of Alavo a. Now there Are 155 connected with time embracing 7447 Ach Lara the St Quot 8abbalh Hook �bnjeu., 1188 a Botan. A a ten my a a us a. Three a a Quot a Miro we a Bool of 386 a of botany my the code Ngou a Hoota nuke up the tet tend. Ero the specifications cd a urn of it thin Ere mentioned which might com. Into the a a a a set of a Quot octto a of Lactam -teprep.,. Slaves for but this is but the amount and now we ask the editor of the observer to take prof. Hovey account of Barbados and compare it with the Rev. Rufus w. Bailey a account of the condition of slaves in South. Carolina As published in the observer two or three years ago and afterwards collected into a volume and see where there is the greatest amount of 44 efforts continued for nearly Twenty year to prepare the Staves for Freedom.�?�. For the purpose of throwing Light on this matter of44 prep Parathion a which is now attempted to be thrust in Between the Light of West India experience and the eyes of american slave holding christians we occupy our columns with a number of extract from the letters of or. Bailey. Or. B. Is a Northern clergy Man formerly settled As pastor of the wealthy and intelligent congregational society of Pittsfield mass., but has for several years resided in South Carolina his letters addressed to individuals in Maine during the years 1836�?7, were first published in the Portland Christian Mirror and Many of them copied into the new York observer. We copy for our present purpose Only from those that were published in the observer to show what impressions that paper has heretofore Given to the Public respecting the Means of improvement actually enjoyed by american slaves. . Bat tvs a Lett Khz. Cheraw s. C. Aug. 8,1835. 44 a there any greater difficulty in the Way of its abolition than there wat in the British Dominion ? i do not know of any. The Experiment there however is but half perfected. The negroes Are free. It remains to be proved whether their Freedom is to be a Blessing to new York oftener sept. 5, 1835. Aug. 15. A a let me introduce you to the Plantation of my Friend the Rev or. B. He is a presbyterian Clergyman and has 700 slaves and is entirely devoted to their religious instruction. They assemble at an Early hour in the evening m the Chapel where they receive daily religious on the Sabbath they form his congregation and receive Sabbath school instruction. They All enjoy the Means of Grace As eminently As the families of Portland or Belfast a would not that Freedom under All circumstances be a curse to them i this Good and devoted brother is a Man who thinks it right for him to hold . F. Oftener sept. 12. Aug. 20. 44 within a. Few years increased efforts have been made by Christian masters and by ministers to impart religious instruction to the slave population and bring them under a moral influence. The vice of intemperance has been greatly diminished among them. The Sabbath is very generally regarded As a Day of rest if not of Devotion. Increasing and great care is used by masters to re move the most common sources of temptation to provide for them Good and. Separate sleeping apartments to promote and encourage the marriage relation and give a due respect to families by special indulgences and privileges. Provision is generally made in the construction of churches to accommodate them in separate seats and in Tome placet churches Are fitted up especially for their separate use. Sabbath school and family instruction is extended to them extensively in the Lig Tous families. Our clergy generally pay a particular attention to their Mack congregations. Many of them give the entire attention of the to them. Sunday schools among them Are Almott universally organised. Several of our most talented and most promising Young Minia lera Are devoting their entire services to the Blacks they methodist have in this state five missionaries entirely devoted to the Black population and. Their preachers Are very Well As actively devoted to their instruction throughout their respective circuits. By their statistical record it appears that their churches embrace in round numbers Twenty two thousand communicants of whom fifteen Thoi and More than two thirds Are Blacks. A it would probably be much within the truth to calculate the same number of Blacks for All the other churches. This would make the whole number of Profe tort of religion in this single state amount to thirty thousand. A and the Means of Grace Are accessible to All wherever those Means Are enjoyed by the Whites. I have no doubt a still More favourable statement might be made of Virginia and perhaps for North Carolina and Georgia. Who would turn this Field into a desert the abolitionist does this. I regard not now his i motives or his principles Hin Oss this. I love to contemplate the . Benevolence of that Providence which has permitted them to be enslaved that they May become free indeed while i greatly fear that great Britain in a Noble Endeavor to act nobly has precipitated her slaves to a Draper new Fork oftener sept 10.these letters with some others of or. Bailey addressed to different persons were afterwards revised and published in. A volume of 110 pages of which 1000 copies were printed and raid to such a were willing to give half a Dollar for a defence of Southern slavery by a Northern Clergyman. In that edition the estimates were considerably altered and the statistics made Mora minute and brought Down to the year 1837. As we have no interest in any thing but truth we give this As we find it. 44 the met Odiott Are perhaps better organised and More efficient in this service than either of the other denominations. They have eight Mimon Aries entirely devoted to the Black population and Belr preachers Era very successfully As Well As actively devoted to this part of their charge throughout their respective circuits. Their Church embraces in this state 30,000 members of whom about 20,000 Are 44 every minister Here is a preacher to the slaves. They enjoy the benefits of his ministry in common with the Tere. When the Sabbath arrives to the master it comes also to the slave. Wherever masters enjoy a grape ministry their slaves enjoy the ministry. Usually and especially in. Tho towns they go to the same Church and listen to the same gospel. 44 in attempting a comparison of the White population of Maine with the slates of South Carolina As they Are represented in the Christian Church i will take for Maine a statement made not Lorig since or. Editor in your paper in which it was supposed the whole number of communicants was 60,000. I will state the present number of a Bem Taos at 420,000, what Cal is probably within the truth and thus give the proportion of Church members in Maine As one seventh of the whole. The present number of slaves in South Carolina is supposed to be near 264,000�?of these 45,000, More than to Mlih of the whole Are reputable members of the Christian thus then it appears from testimony which the new York oftener will not question that whether we regard the Supply of preachers the amount of44 efforts a the length of time they have continued the Liberty enjoyed by them of the results of their labors As indicated by the number of members in the different churches As calculated 44 to prepare the slaves for Freedom a South Carolina is fur in Advance of Barbados and probably Virginia North Carolina and Georgia Are equally Well off. Barbados has not one minister to three thousand souls South Carolina one to a thousand. Barbados with a slave population of 82,000, has Only 44 a Little More than 12,000 under religious instruction or one in seven 44 leaving about 70,000 without the Means of religious knowledge South Carolina with 264,000 slaves has 45000 or More one sixth part,44 reputable members of the Christian Church a while a the Means of Grace Are accessible to All wherever those Means Are enjoyed by the whiles a with one minister to every thousand persons in the state. Far be it from a to be understood As vouching for the correctness of or. Bailey a representations respecting the religious condition of the slaves of South Carolina. And equally for be it from us to be considered As ascribing any real importance to All this bluster about a efforts a made in slavery and by slaveholders 44 to prepare the slaves for for we utterly deny its. Relevancy to the question of emancipation As it lies before the. American peopled but we have gone into the examination for the purpose of satisfying those whose minds Are yet in the dark that even on the ground of a necessity for preparation the slaves in our Southern states Are far better prepared than Weie those of the West indies. Indeed it was not until the Experiment in the West indies had been actually tried and had worked Well that it we uld have been tolerated for a Man in this country to maintain that West India slaves were better off in any respects than those in our states. Well May the Southern slaveholders exclaim 44 save me from my friends a when the continuance of slavery is justified by their Northern apologists on the ground that they have been Lett humane and less indulgent and give Lett religious improvement to their slaves than the West India planters or in other words that american slavery is so much worse than West India slavery As to require another generation to suffer in chains before they can be 44 prepared for that Freedom which has proved so Rich a Boon both to masters and slaves in the West indies. And yet this is All the defence that is now left for our american slaveholders. And our Northern editors seem disposed to put it Forward in its Best Light. But what shall we say about a a preparation in the of , where the governor sir Lionel Smith rays the negroes 4 Tere in this Island in a More deplorable backward state than in any other a and professor Hovey says a it is generally understood that the negroes of Jamaica with a few exceptions Are in. Point of intelligence and moral cultivation much behind those of the other islands up. 124. The conclusion of the whole matter in regard to this cant about preparing slaves for Freedom is probably Well expressed by professor Hovey p. 167. A with regard to the preparation necessary for emancipation tha experiments in the West indies show that it is at least As essential on the part of the master As on that of the slaves for in no Case has the Success of the Experiment been endangered by the conduct of the try Groes which can by no Means be said of the planters especially at Jamaica let the observer then unite with the abolitionists in recognising and treating coloured americana As american entitled to Ell tile rights of such and admissible to every religious and social privilege on the same terms As others and by these and other adapted Means bring about the requisite preparation of mind on the part of the masters end the work will Loo done. The slaves Are now prepared for Freedom. Let them receive it the sooner the better. And let my the people Ray Amend glory to god. Anti slavery. 44 the epic pal Church has 2500 members of whom 6q0 Are Blacks. 44 the Bakhti Church has 36,000 of whom according to the beat estimate that can be made about 20,000 Are Blacks. A a the presbyterian Church has about 8,000 members of whom in the entire Shanes of separate report 1 reckon 4.000 Blacks. 44 the reformed presbyterians have 50 communicants the associate reformed 2,155�?the associate 140 making in the aggregate 2,345 of these i suppose at least 345 my be Macks. A a the lutheran Church numbers neatly 2,000 communicants including several Hundred Blacks. A a a few other fragments of other denominations May 1000 to the number of protestant professing c this state making in the aggregate nearly 88,000 Nic ants in the whole population. Multiply this by 6, Yon wifi have 520,000, very nearly the prawn population the rtgssfi3 a Ryan now subtract 51,000 from 815,000, the test census of the slave population for the immense emigration to the West during foe last six Yean you will have a slave population of 254,000, numerically equal to the Whites and with 46,000 Blade communicants you wiil have e larger proportion of Black then of White communicants. 8 or 10,-000 free Blacks i have not brought into this estimate As there i among them but a single professor of religion within my personal knowledge and i ant assured also there Are very few in the knowledge of others. 44 a comparison May be easily made Between the religious condition of South Carolina and the City of Mew York to for As the gospel ministry m concerned. With a population at the present time but Little Short of 300,000, new York has not 200 ministers of every class. With a population of 528.000 Mack and White. South Carolina has More than 500 ministers of All denominations. A a baptists ministers 156. Licentiate 70. Methodist connected with conference 87. Presbyterian ministers t 64. Licentiate 20. Episcopalian ministers. A 44, lutheran ministers 12. Licentiate it. Covenanter a ministers i. Associate reformed ministers 2 471. The commercial. Advertiser immediately after noticed that discussion in the following manner a 4�?~the article entitled a win apology for pharaoh a a is one of the Best pieces that we Hare seen for Many a Day. It is a vindication of the character of pharaoh and of the slavery of the israelite As compared with the character and conduct of Modem and in their own opinion More civilized slaveholders. Pacha ought to Send a letter of thanks if not Soweto big More substantial to the writer for his Effort to Rescue the Fame of his Remote predecessor from the Load of obloquy which has rested upon him since he was swallowed up in the red sea. Strange that the character of the ancient Monarch should so Long have been mistaken and that in the nineteenth Century of the Christian Era it should have been discovered that he was a just and mild and Benignant task master in comparison with thousands of republicans in this land a such was the fanaticism of the new York observer and of the commercial advertiser in 182f How consistent they Are now with the truth in 1858, is known to All the civilized world. Bat the times tit changed and Many persons can adopt the saying of the Man who being advised to keep a Good conscience replied a a Good conscience is too costly a Pearl for me to keep. I cannot afford it a search. From the journal and Register an important discovery. The members of the convention lately held in the Southern states have made the very important discovery and come to the solemn conclusion that the Cardinal Virtues of the heart and the noblest faculties of the soul of Man can be Best developed a and private happiness and Public Prosperity Best secured when the Labouring classes of society in Republican governments Are reduced to hereditary and permanent slavery. The following is their own language on this subject 440f All the social conditions of Man the most favourable to the development of the Cardinal Virtues of the heart and the noblest faculties of the soul a to the promotion of private happiness and Public Prosperity is that of slave holding communities under free political Here the expressions used Are general not confined to any particular state or government but to All free a political institutions whatever not to any particular and favored class of the Community but to a a Many generally slaves is Well As masters the Labouring classes As Well As the professional and literary not to any particular climate or latitude but to All free governments whether situated in the North or in the South not designating who Are to be slaves and who masters or what is to be the Shade of complexion of each not determining which color or which class is to make this very important and delicate selection. How very far we the Good people of Ohio Are behind these enlightened citizens of the South in the knowledge of what is most conducive to our social and political happiness and Prosperity we Are yet silly enough to believe that a the Cardinal Virtues of the heart and the noblest faculties of the soul Are developed and a private happiness and Public Prosperity promoted by the general education and the personal and political Freedom of the Labouring class of society and we Are yet to learn that these Happy effects would result from hereditary and personal slavery of More than one half of our population a a a troth which these southerners say they Are a destined to until this truth is illustrated and satisfactory eve Dence is Given that human slavery has really produced in the South these Happy effects and that die absence of it Here has checked the of the nobler qualities of the soul and lessened private and Public Prosperity and happiness it is probable we shall jog on in our own Way disclaiming All interference with the institutions of the Southern states but. Sticking c Osely to out own which prohibit slavery in every form considering every member of society As equal in the Eye of the Law and human Liberty even in the Labouring class As one of the greatest political blessings. 7a Buckeye. Taste of the Southern people compared with those of the Northern t no for in wealth talents and table we May justly claim at least an Equality with our Brethren and a Domestic institution exclusively of our own beyond All doubt affords us if we choose twice the Leisure Fot Reading and writing which they a sorry comment upon the closing theory of the writer is furnished by his previous 44 Reading and writing a in order to be Good for any tiring must but joined with habits to of Industry Elevation of sentiment and vigor of intellect Are these qualities produced by the mean effeminacy of living upon unpaid labor Fife if he South would have her a Twenty five or thirty 44 literary periodicals a arid a population to make use of them she must give achoo la to her labourers Leafo her working men to think and her thinking men to work and no longer seek to separate dignity of character from useful employment Frimi of 1atm. Throwing the several dialogue together w to avoid the repetition of the Fez tha slave Traci a it is bit Seldom that the heart at amp a Moil St fools atrocities of this damning Trade is brought to Light but when they Are seen by a a aug world the finest feelings of our nature Are shocked and the philanthropist yearns for the arrival of the period when a a trodden Down Africa Wilt restored to her the rights to which a a nature and natures god entitle we would Fain Hope that the following is not True. It is an extract of a letter from Montero Bay which we clip from the United states Gazette i Ltd the slave Trade is flourishing More than Eter. A Schooner brought in Here lately landed an immense number of poor creatures competed to the extent of accommodations of those on Board and shocking to relate they assert that during the latter part of their voyage the flesh of those who died was served out to them at their meals of which they were not aware until some of the healthy people were killed for Tufe same purpose. It was first discovered by or. Evelyn of a the Toms at Lucia. A slave the new England conference. Res whole number -44 there Are some others in the regular ministry not Here enumerated besides numerous local preachers of the methodist denomination and Many others of the Baptist. And some of these although not reported in their minutes Are among their most efficient ministers. Reckoning All these the methodist end Baptist preachers alone would probably number Little Lew than 500, from the emancipator. New York observer and commercial advertiser. Having occasion to examine an old volume of newspapers i met with a curiosity which will show that some persons understand the saving Art of turning about with the wind and tide of self interest. In the year t827 an article was published in the new York observer entitled a an apology for pharaoh a in which the writer proves two statements. 1. That egyptian bondage Toas not As hard As Modem he shows by the follow he facts the israelite lived by themselves so that it was a political and not personal slavery. They were not bought sold or transferred. They aimed in the Best part of the land of Egypt they retained and increased their own Prosperity. They lived Well. Their great increase is against the notion that their labor was very oppressive. They were not shut out from improvement and education. The attempt to destroy the male children was Only a sudden contrivance and but temporary. 2. Pharaoh had not Only More plausible but better reasons for his course than Modem slaveholders were received into Egypt during a time of unexampled Scarcity. At the end of the famine instead of returning to Canaan the hebrews continued in the land of Goshen a so that the King of Egypt had but one of four plans to Doplh either to expel the hebrews or to amalgamate them with the egyptians or to see the egyptians inferior to the hebrews or to enslave if possible the hebrews. That the last method was adopted and had. So Long continued when Moses demanded their liberation that pharaoh contended if it was wrong to enslave the hebrews at first he was not to blame for it. The act was done Long before tie was born. He found them in slavery and so held them. The habits of the egyptians now rendered the slavery of the hebrews a necessary evil. They could not do without it and it was hard to make them suffer and pay for the faults of their ancestors and to give up their property by inheritance. From Ali Chi View it is inferred that egyptian slavery was not so hard As that of fee United states and feat pharaohs excuses Are better than those of american slaveholders. This body closed its deliberations for the p ent year on fee afternoon of Friday the 22d ult. Having continued in session fifteen Days. Our anticipations with regard to some of our Brethren to put Down abolitionism in the conference were More than realized. We believe about half fee whole time of fee conference was taken no in hearing and acting on charges and complaints made by the presiding Bishop against certain abolition Brethren. The Rev. O. Scott and the editor of this paper were tried and acquitted on charges preferred by the Bishop fee particulars of which May hereafter be Given to our readers. We have before stated that two Bishops were present and we believe it was thought generally by the abolitionists that in some respect higher ground was assumed by the Episcopacy at this conference than had Ever been taken among us before. And it was assumed also that we must say nothing about their official acts to fee Public if we Felt ourselves aggrieved we bust keep silence till the next general conference Many important considerations crowd upon our mind in View of some things which took place at our Date conference but we forbear now to enlarge upon them. By the time we get through with publishing the reported proceedings of the new York conference we shall have a few facts prepared for our readers concerning the proceedings of a part of fee late session of the new England conference which have reminded us More forcibly than Ever of a motto to which we have before referred a a War to the knife and the knife to the Hilt let our Brethren throughout the country in the different conferences not be deceived. For whatever they May have said of written or done which can be interpreted into a Modem abolition a they May expect from anti about zionism neither mercy nor Justice. The War commenced against us is one of utter extermination. Instead of attempting to free the from slavery to Ftp opponents have commenced their operations for freeing it from abolition and we must prepare ourselves for the Eva Eckman. Literature of the South. A the literature of the world is against us say fee slaveholders and hence their endeavours to get up a literature of their own. The following extract from the prospectus of the a a Southern literary of be published at Rich circumstances alter cases. Post master general Kendall says to the abolitionists a a in sending your printed sheets to persons who Are not subscribers and do not want them you abuse the privilege which fee mails were established to secure and have no right to complain if on discovery of the abuse they be committed to fee flames or. Carter of fee House said fee other Day a i know the fact feat extra globes had been franked by Public officers and sent gratuitously to non subscribers and feat clerks of the department were employed fora great part of their time in directing such documents. Now what would or. Kendall say if one of these non subscribers were to return a copy of the Globe Feus sent to fee Post office to which it was directed and the Post master of feat office were to write a scurrilous note to or. Blair fee editor Tel ing him that he was in the habit of committing All such papers to the flames and feat he hoped he would Send no More of Hia a infernal papers to his office ? i wonder if it would be considered that such a Post master had committed no breach of his official duty. Fair play a contest. A if a a colons Attim society has done anything whereby Public opinion has been so Tiuch offended As to require a minister of Christ either to bold himself aloof from it. Or give up preaching to toe negroes von will admit this was a miscarriage and stick a miscarriage when it solicited sermons to he preached by whoever would preach them throughout the a a. S., on the 4th of Only and collections then to be. Taken up for the promotion of its objects. Why on the 4th of july especially what Arao citations made that Day the very on for this it impose letter of Rev. If. Capers cd. And. 4 Jour. Job. 408. At a colonization meeting held at Washington City on the 6th ult., the following Resolution waa passed resolved that it be earnestly recommended to the churches of All denomination throughout the Union to take of collections annually on the 4th of july for fee Benefit of this society. And in relation to the above the Western Christian advocate of the 27th Ait Days a we believe that the colonization society is now As it Ever was worthy the patronage of every Christian and philanthropist and we Trust that the Anni Serraty of Cruz Independence will be honoured by associating with its Celebration the interests of african colonization. From the above it will be seen that colonization must carry one face at the South and another at the North. At tha South it is not to be associated in any Way wife any thing which May suggest fee thought of Freedom for fee slave but at the North colonization meetings Are held on fee 4fe of july for this very Purpura a without such an a association Many would not countenance it at All. Concerning fee sermons above referred to fee Rev. A Capers holds fee following language a a and did you Ever see any of these 4fe of july sermons several of them have found their Way to the South just such As our new Light philanthropists might choose to have preached ranting fanatic incendiary to such a degree Fhy i if 1 could myself have bran the author and distributed of them., and bad bean condemned to suffer death for it i might not have called fee punishment a Eim a watchman la Tente that of tufted it different times at i fee Gilmette in a Orny casts Are More fully carried out i shall hot pretend to report All feat was said nor to give the language verbatim Cut fee shall be Faithf Siuy Given a. Is a Young Maii and b. Considerably a wat tia Meridian of life scene is/�?7fte High Pood. A. In speaking of a Ooi to fee South with horses sat grow a there and he thought part was to dispose of them. B. That is a business i should have much to do with j j m a not .1 a be Latke i think it is a bid not believe that one Man a made to the of others. A. I do not think they ought to be slaves but they Are so and we cart it Hel i it this to Tang Man did not make them slave but they fell to him by inheritance and he might As Well Haft that Money for them As not. I would not have such Flo fee if others do toot to i could not eat bar the Price of tar or Oft Del Fig. Slavery is a monstrous eff. A would you be willing that the so faves shot Sld but set free and have Liberty to stay in left country and live promiscuously among the # Hites b. should be a much opposed to that As any body can be a they ought to by placed in it country by themselves. A. That a just my mind a it would to let them enjoy Freedom among us. A Why not a have they not the saute to a Home Quot in the land of their nativity As we have a. weft placed. In. A noun tit to themselves and they ought to have staid there c. To they would if White people had let them.�?,�4hey were brought Here by of contrary to their will and have been Frost cruelly oppressed for Ages and generation. Quot they hive be emf naturalized and acclimated of try and this is fee tend of their nativity. Shall tro no under Feko to make Alt atonement of the injustice and cry Eity of our ancestors by performing Anotle or act of injustice and cruelty for it would be just As unjust and cruel to Force the present generation of of coloured people from their native and As it Efti to Force their ancestors from their . We had nothing to do in bringing them Here and we Are not accountable for or father deeds. C. Our accountability depends very much top on our own conduct. According to the doctrine preached by Jesus Christ to fee jews we Art accountable for the deeds of our fathers if a allow their deeds by continuing in the of injustice and cruelty. A verily year Dren of them that killed the prophets your fathers slew the prophets and be Garnish their sepulchres truly be allow the deeds of your and what was fee sentence a the blood of a the prophets feat has been shed upon fee Earth from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zach Arias the son of Barachias which be shed bet eco the porch of fee Temple and the altar shall be inquired of this further our tethers came Here voluntarily and brought theirs by violence. Now they Are satisfied to dwell with us and we cannot consent to dwell with them As pc Tice whether Theta or of tit should leave fee a. Would Yoti he Villi tag to Haft Feefe Hera and the Whites and the Blacks Starr tog together a when both parties Art free it takes two to make a bargain of this kind and 1 confess not choose a Black wife yet if thoth Dost jul it get try to restrain thy Liberty. A every Good citizen Wou Litey to hinder it. Any White mat feat marry la a Black i to be Hung. do not like banging but. He of Ifft id be severely punished. It wish to he distinctly understood that. 1 am no advocate for amalgamation but i plead for Liberty and As i think there will be no danger of fee Blacks marrying fee Whites without their consent 1 cannot see any great reason for alarm Oil this account. And As to punishing White men for marrying Black women i will Asky one question a which do you think the greater crime of a White Toan to marry a Black Yomari Zed live with her in lawful or 10 co habit wife iter a Ltd Bate children by her Withoft Matrimony a. And b. Together there a i to difference one is As bad is fee other c. Well 1 think there h a difference but and unit there to none. Now you a re strange a to fee and i know not your political principles hut it May be you both voted for Richard m. Johnson for vice president knowing him to be a practical amalgam Tor. A. A . J he because i like his political principles and because he is a a fart Man and a great a the coloured friends whose Enterprise has originated and sustained the coloured american under the editorial supervision of brother 8. E. Cornish Are about making a fresh Effort to extend Quot its circulation. We Hope our friends called White will lend a Liberal ought to be at least one copy in hands of every anti slavery . Marti Van Burem and Henry the Mobile com. Register says a a it is too Safe in the Damp a for hypocritical regrets that a one is obliged to say that of Van Buren is an the South have heard and judged him this subject and his sett in the presidential chair is the evidence of the Confidence the Southern pie repose in him.4 the same paper of fee 15th ult says a we would do by or. Clay As the South have Dot by mrs Van Burens leave him not an Inch of Neutra ground to stand upon Between the South and the fanatics. W5. In in i push aim. As Faros or. Van Burm wms Jwa Aedo the Southern safety demands it. It is in tin to talk of or clays Resolution. That is one step the first step. He must measure the whole length and walk altogether off of the Middle Neutral ground which he occupies or the so Tok will spurn and reject Freeman. Ought statesman Blit i do not Lile his amalgamation. A. J voted for him too but i done to like at Gam atom any the better for All that a i have it quarrel wife your political principles and do not design to enter hit the use i wish to make of this 0f�9fet�onrthta one of m fee is to Snow you your own you pronounce sentence of and the Oil a lays he ought of be so rarely shed and yet you hate bore Meh him votes to elevate him to fee second office gift of the nation no the fret is Ymir it by should not Toch a oviduct be considered As disgraceful in him is in any Othre Man a. I a oppose it if he had Bee a poor Man no doubt it pm have disgraced my c. Should riches excuse his i a. No men Art think pm Johnson Ili fake s very Good Ike Tidence Quot Here a. A purred up has Horry and Rode off Ivyng b. And c. To discourse Between the Mhz of divine regard to Ltd entitled to the equal rights in a. The land of to lib in of which b. Assented. C. Make an application of these principles meeting a pm son Riding fee other Way b. F it convenient to have some conversation wife Ana so the a Tetter ended but it fete Vioree ored because they am Walthy. And 1 Johnson �11 Ntakas a my Good vie a a .

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