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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - July 17, 1838, Cincinnati, OhioIs d a a a a i Quot a Quot i a Quot a a a >=1 a Gamaliel, jr., Altor. Published by the executive committee of the Ohio state anti slavery society. Tolate l to. 8. Tie Reffo is this distress come a Kia a. In sal8�nbcci a. Cen comma pm two a air Salt to 1838. Of mob m9i we a i Tum a spy by the Ahtl slay Bry society Homer of Jiw ii of reef Cincinnati Ohio. A a. A a a a =. Jams to Tom toils Kloc Affat. dollars and fifty cents in Adf spice a 1tc0 doll Ais if not Pau till tie expiration of the j or. List this on htmne�9 oui be directed to the those relating to the editorial spa Ismeni to the Engtom. To Oil Cosea. Pool Imi Ici. A Congress. J Texas. H9ut of so 188t it the report of the coir Mittee on foreign affix in in Rel to Texas being again under consider lion As the Infin to shed business of the morning hours or Adams Roe and said Whan the Rae Raing hour Muti Yealey i Wea Proe enting to the Sooim a a to on r Oretan Anam to Woom Mey Seiy committed Bat who had not taken them into consid oem Tion. Be it Ftp it solutions adopted by the Legislatures of to i read be of Texas a a Soverel and Independent nation of the Earth St did. We delicately consist the Mere Stubler Lieis of Mexico in is matter i must we stand As Idle Spectator Sjol her Froward imitation of old Spain in Fofo fing to a i a the Independence of her re Rolt a i colonies lest she tit upon w the vengeance which Ahe As attempted in vain to inflict upon Texas 1 if that be a do of Neutral then it appears dear that an equal Obi Girion exists to refrain from agr Ngoh tinn with a revolted Colony until the Maher country acknowledges her Independence. Such a come How Ibec. Is contrary to the mrs Rifle custom of nations. Indeed the previous course of our a everment under pact rely similar Circum stances hns bin in Scorce with the course of which we contend. Before a in had recognised the indie name of Mexico herself and the. Latter was u the Ecsi Nise of hex my toned sovereignty a negotiation for Tbs Purchase of her la Story to the it do Norte was no pad opon her a rough or. Clan then Secretary of stale under the administration of the Yonn Acx Adama. Where Tsien Weie the constitutional objections to tiie annexation of text the Bamo policy was pursued and brought almost to Otiis mation a Werthe administration of president Jackson. Wherefore now such extreme delicacy on the subject of or foreign relations i the sch Tonce of this in by Asik pm the it a into to be Quot Nief Btu scope of Sjaast claim of our general govern end extending to the Rio Del Norte and. it was bartered. A mess of potage by a prime mover of the present of potion to its re acquisition there remains no pretext for a Lub Terfu which the adversaries of n Hope to it Dis Guidell abject particular ii to the Agency i the Covert designs which there is my reason to iwo prompted the Exchange of our claims in Ali was for the unappropriated portions of Florida Eon sisting mainly of Barren Sands and Poi Sonona Everglades a but there is another Point Here introduced in which i As an individual May fit irly claim the Raj it of discussion in this House in a document submitted is the House under the Anthonty of the legislature of s so reign state and pointing to an individual in whom i canutt forbear to recognise myself. If the passage to not so understood the in of the House it shows that have been in. A Meral Beatea on that subject i read Savera of those or caused them to be read by the Clrk. The be a barfly of iii if i Coo Side if As in pc de upon Quot myself that at least it might appear that those Resolution a had received some Tonsi Derston by this House Bow Little Soever they might have received from the committee to whom r were eat had a exceeded through the suites whole i egg Sia Tures j had adopted Reeo Lolion on this object until i had come to Lesston Tiomi of the legislature of the state of Alabama the raid log of which closed the consideration of the Mauer yet Todey Point preamble and Reaboi unions of the general aae Emoiy of a the of Alabama in fit oor of the annexation of Texas to the bailed states of America. The general aaa emmy of the state of Alabama have we nested Ullh fim Linga of deep Moniti fixation the course Jar word by n few a to Zens of the United Statelen opposition to the Admi Risien of tiie rubik of Texas into the Federal Ifni How prac Wing As we eve have Friendship for civil Liberty emf a Devotion to Che holy cause of Freedom in every clime it Ami have been hied that no voice would be heard among to rebuke As a Pulici too from Texas for admin Aton into this boosted Asylum from oppression. Our ports have Ken Eror pm to the exile or Emigrant from the was tem Hunt la to invitations and ind Orementa have been extended to All whoe i Sale heat or led them to our shares and no on has Ever though of denying Comfort Aid plot option of a who have fed from tyranny in that a Milne Ami sought Zaccor and Sheller beneath the extended wings of our National Eagle. By this Felicy Many of the Ensi avid but worthy and Magnoni Moujir tons of Ireland of Franca and of Rotond have been enabled to reach our Bordan and redeemed rage nested and dts enthralled a to Tad our consecrated toil with tiie firm sol elastic step of Cone Ioas Freedom. With Thesa glaring fact sin View Why it May in demanded should we reject an overture for Sim co Ming from the w cat i s hould the Circum its Tucei that the Teri ans come not a mendicant at our feet that they can bring with them Theta lands and habitations and Correct Pine plea change Ohr policy we presume not. It m True that these advantage should not impel us to a course Dii Erent from what we would adopt if they did not Ziai for whatever May be the magic influence of interest. In Ordinary cases itis admitted that its injunctions should be powerless on the Pfent dec Aston. But the drum since is alluded to for the purpose of showing that although it Hanaki Wogh but As the Duft in the balance in determining the Peee ent que Stem yet that it Dould h sve As i flu syce against As in amp Vor of the conclusion to which Wear Nova. And a amp Ras it can be brought Bear upon the Lues Ionin a Omyra Titial Points of View Prece Jents Are not wanting if Justice could require or a Ltd to fire event which will sustain fully the advocates of the an a estion of Texas. We refer to the acquisition of Louis aim during the administration of or. Jefferson and to the St til More recent annexation of Florida during the administration of or. Monroe. The inhabitants of those coun tree trere not admitted into the Union at their solid a Liso hut without their formal con sent Wera purchased of their Royal and Imperial masters with our common try a Aore and together with their soil their religion their language their tto Narbom got were brought within the Pale of oor general government. How different in Many respects. Is the. Cam wit ii the Republic of Texas upon the in Almons septic anon of her Brave and chivalrous s citizens who May be said to be 4xate of our Bone and flesh of our die Aweeka a without Money and without a Price from of to obtain shelter and Protection under the ample folds of oar Federal Banner. Is there in the whole length and breadth of our land a Friend of Liberty a Lover of Justice or even a Mere philanthropist who can hesitate for one moment in the Dedsion of this question 1 there Art some it is to be apprehended and regretted Watn View this subject alone dim and deceptive uni Tom of act ionic party mings it cannot consent to to inflate Nind by Aach son Iid and circumscribed Nib he View is the More to be deplored because of its inv Frame Torl Flioy to Blind the honest to Pervert the innate an Mathiea of their nature for the worst of purpose a and by inbred Rekig Utra neat matters into an otherwise simple fuestion to Lead pm minds of Many unsuspecting persons to the contemplation of Fuidie issues. For example Many Well me Amog Bat misinformed females of some of our a Ster totes Whsle hearts Are thrillingly alive and enthusiastic open another a object on false premises As we know Are induced to believe that the present question n identical of thru Itiat and that if Texas should be admitted into the Union nil Timir Hopes in Faver of to verbal emancipation will be Meme a to really Are the Mere walking reveries of their abused or Dis tempered imaginations. But were Conedera Tiona of expediency to become the Only teat on this grave and important question it is not perceived that such a View of the presents Jet should reverse the to Lii we propose. To eking to the most Exi Tod atm in a Mere Point of Zepe Dis Acy which can Poa seas the Boom of an american Patriot pm a Alata Pittao the purer vation tar Hugh All time of constr Tattoo Al in Ioaz the Only permanent palladium of civil Liberty and dome tie Tian Quimty the annexation of Texas appears every Way desirable to every portion of our country. The said and vet lasting foundation on which our political fib in a eight to Esi Baliah Joalee to in Aux Doin Emio peace to Fem a pm aet tuition of oor states and to perpetuate the i Hanngil k Barty to them Selvana and their pm was a we regulated Matanee of governmental and territorial Power. Since the formation of the Cone tuition the Northem the North and the not Iwest have increased More rapidly in a Namer real Power of steals and population than the South and Southwest. It needs rat a glance at the map to satisfy lha Moat Aop official of server than an Ovar balance a pro or the extreme fort Haupt which a regards territory Jiw Tkv an. 1. Be it resolved by the Seii ate and Houm of representatives of the state o f in. General Assembly co . That the overture on the part of the a Pii Blic of Texas for annexation to the United states of America ought to be met by the f de Erat authorities in the Moet Fri endly manner and should be accepted As soon Quot is it can be dime wit but a violation of our Honor a a nation or any Stind pm of International law., 3. And be it further resolved. That oor so re actors in Congress be instructed and our representatives requested to urge and sustain the Quot foregoing views on All proper occasions. 3. And be it , that the go Vernor of this state be requested to transmit a Early As practicable a copy of the foregoing preamble and resolutions to each of our Seni tora and a prawn Calives in Congress. A co Pytro the governor of each state of the Union will a request that it be Laid before the legislature of this state and a copy to the president of the uni ted Sta tes a the observations i shall think it proper to make on these resolutions May with propriety be preceded by an Esplana Tio n of some 1 e employed on the p Day which i i have since Learned were not fully understood. I stated when speaking of the manner in which the memorials petitions and resolutions on the subject of Texas had been , that the committee . Foreign Afi irs was not the committee to which i should have in desirous that they should be referred and in assigning the reasons w by i did not wish them sent to this com Mitteer the most important committee of this House and Abr every member of which i have great personal respect i stated that it was in Eod sequence of the rom Spositi on. Of that committee in both Points of View both As to the sectional question of party As Between the North and the soot Jed also As Between the administration and the. Opposition. And in reference to the second Branch of the observation i said that the committee contained a fix and a half members who were to be considered As friends of the administration and the remainder were supposed to belong to the of Posi Tion. I have on Derbwood since that some o i the Mem Bere of the House had doubts As to what waa intended by the expressions a six and a half a As thus applied. I w in no w state by Way of explanation Aat i insider de six a the members of that committee As what i should Call devoted friends of the administration As toe the Mark gentlemen gentlemen who considered that obedience implicit obedience to what Are called in certain Quarter the cum Ges of the democratic party required the sacrifice on almost every occasion of their private and personal opinions to the views and opinion and purposes a majority of this House. But the committee contained one member or. La exam who considered himself and was considered by his friends. Raw we cred by Happy in Eom ded and you Star Balancad by the a Boxa Tion of Texas. And when it to recollected too to at the very ton Ilary to High it is no or proposed to acquire must ease with ii the scope of a a claim of Crair guaral gov room fit eat Tonding to the Hio Norte and that it was Harto cd for a meat of Potti by a prime mover of the Prev East opposition to Ila reacquisition there Rematas no pretext for a Mitor Fittge under which the Adker Aanes of annexation a eat hop to disguise the covet demons which there a much Faasoa to firm a comply the Exchange of our Taima in Tex m for the unappropriated portions of Florida coast rating. An icily of Harreal a a and poisonous everglades.1 it May he apprehended by some that there a danger in it we Oli Atnif with Texas on this Sut Geet of involving of general in a Coo of Aras with we Emnot perceive How it is a Onsbie on Merreot print Ahi Foat such a retail can Eris a and we presume every Patriot who so Straine a proper Rai Peol for Hii Meti and his a entry we i be ready to eix Laim to however much took a Eon flies a at Elj times to be reverted be if it Ahmad be a ged Apo of. To Otray to the elem Al princ Plee of right mid make left Teaah Letite Omen but it May not be Amias to examine few a moment on. Whet Fira nation Wieb apprehensions repose. Texas is not envy Index Andot by declaration bal Ahe is Sovereign and latin rodent in Job Stinoe and in oct and As far la he item her past history or present end Ottoo and the of most Coane of me iwo toward her Abr the last Twenty Omni the there exists not the Slig Faeost ground to Foar that he independen idiot is not permanent is there any substantiate Teseni Hen iffy we Trio old not Kraat with tiie Republic and. I be Ieve in the House generally As a Friend and supporter of the administration in general cases but As Job Sessing and professing a personal Independence of spirit which left him at Liberty to oppose the administration on some of the most important questions which Are Ever presented to this House. That was what i meant by saying that there were a a and a half friends of the administration on that committee nothing More and nothing Lesa. I referred to Thyl personal disposition of 0 nems Ember As to party and party questions coming before this House. As to the other members of the committee i do not know but my estimate May to in my o do Gree there b another member i have classed As among the devoted friends of the administration and faithful to the usages the democratic party hut Whit is possible May nut be willing to avow himself so far a party Man and possibly i May be justified in reforming to that gentleman on this particular question i mean the rear native from Michigan or. A Bart i say on this question because the legislature of is one of those who have protested against the admission of Texas into this Union. I do not know but that every vote he has at any time Given having any Bea King on this subject Are beep strictly in. Conformity with tiie views expressed by the legislature of his state. If so be can explain for himself and state Hia Viriya and tel Houm and the co Unity know to w far he does agree with the legislature of his Stele. Because i a have by an inference which perhaps will not be admitted by All the. Members of this House considered the annexation of Texas As being and As intended to be an administration measure i Trust before i release the House from the tedious teak i am at this moment inflicting upon it that shall assign some reason for this inference. I say that it a strict Loran administration measure,.intend de so to Dow to that should Public opinion Ever favor it the administration May take advantage of the fact. If tiie representative from Michigan agrees in views with the legislature of state i Shan lie Happy of hear him aay so and to say it explicitly. And would to heaven i had tiie privilege of polling every Memhard of the House at this moment on that tub Jet then there would be none of this obfuscation of this mystification which must Ever continue As Long As the House closes its doom against All discussion of the subject Cithens Oil the same subject were again referred to Thame Timilee. I a of tie opportune a in referring to the resolutions of Ziy nature cornas wealth of noting some reference to this a. In the House in us Mountey Iri regard to it which was made in the Isatu Cee Dinga. La Agiaia Atafo of Texas i holi in my hand the report of pro Fotiu great error i am Here repreza noted by an of a legislature which i respect As i do every one m the members a this great and nighty confederacy and whose me Hera on this Ioor. Every one Othiem i a expect person Fly and politically and i consider myself of having a right to Call 00 his House to permit note to vindicate myself franc i charge of Aase roof tract Era no Leas than that of Hartog bartered tor adasm m Pottage a Tern try of High value to All and to who Cut we Are a presented a bavi. Fold Foft and clip a Hoo tool i if in Miloa to m a inject no a it worm Oci apy Loo time and and some May already consider no As abusing the Maul gence of the House. I shall enter into no discussion wbk is not n Ecea sary for the full knowledge and Etui dision of the kibject.d8ir, Tibia charge is not a new one to this House. It was made Here two years ago by an honorable gentleman from South Carolina and a Brief an explanation i at that time gave he professed himself to be entirely satisfied. I thank him for the liberality of his Concession made on so Brief an explanation. Or we Dot Thompson Here explained and said that be never had advanced any a car Jet on this subject against the honorable gentleman from Massachusetts but had said that Tobera did. It would be criminal in me to Hesi Tete to me acted out that matter both a a Steetman and an enlightened Patriot. I thank the Etleman for his ready at gtd Frank admission but , there b a Long Story connected wife the Mauer and now though it b two years since the charge was fully refuted it appears before this House in an act of a leg Lalure of a Sovereign state and it b presented As one of Many Strong motives Here urged to induce the people of the United Ste Tea to consent to tiie annexation of Texas i will not Diacumis it now. But at a proper time i Hope to be permitted to show that i never did consent to barter away the or any other right of the pm Ople oif the United. Ste Tea for an alleged equivalent of inferior value but on the contrary that the very Crim which the legs future of Alabama thin a. W just and fair and. Which the from South Carolina or. Thompson still continues to think a just claim and which has so been Laid Down in another place As if the matter did not admit of dispute is As Flimsy a claim As Ever was set up by one nation against another. This i am prepared to show. It waa no Rit. It was a claim. It was. A Crim of All the Terri Tarj to the Rio Del Norte when in fact there never had been a div bion of that territory or an adjustment of that Crim with another and much better authenticated Adverse claim of Spain. On what ground is the accusation brought against me of bartering away Fob territory for a mess of Pottage what pretence b there for such an accusation when i was but the scribe but the pen in the hand of the Prem Dent in an and mob traction in which there were two thirds of its number from that portion of the Union which now manifests so Strong an interest in favor of the annexation of Texas to this Unton when every line and every Sente Ece. Of the treaty was sanctioned by that Cabinet and when every senator in the United states from North South East and West confirmed it by Bis vote and not a voice was rated against it. The sentiment waa unanimous in the Senate and it became equally unanimous throughout the Union that the treaty was one of the most favourable ones for a which Ever had been concluded finite the United states became a Nivian. I Hope the time Willcome Wien i shill have an 0.ppoituqtty of present ii such a Demon station of the As shall leave no doubting mind not even in Alabama. While i am. On the so , i feel Jurati flied in referring to chit leg Slature of a very recent Date. I record that a joint relation was introduced into that body for the with Drwal or the implication on the part of Texas to be admitted into the United states which was founded on the reception Hereof to lot Ippi cation and the of portion to it a Tifei a the people of Ihbe country a Jar a it Ere i pid from the report tire Vota on the joint Huum Rel Al to As follows. Anne on. Another document a Call for was by the great Coutte a of the Houm denied to a fool mean a report of a committee of the House of representatives of the state of Mississippi to which our attention was invited in an executive message but which paper was not communicated to the House As in Ray opinion it ought to have been at the time. In that report and i have seen it the same charge is , and with much Greate f a than in them Reaboi unions of the leg Slature of Alabama. I did Hope that i Rii old have had an Opportunity before the Honse before my country and before god to bring those charges to the teat and to show whether or not they had any foundation. I pass that now and come to the lost of the state resold Lions w hich Are Thoie of my native state of Massa Fausette a of 1888, my diet Alf ii a 1 lamp a aimed r of Texon to Gael United state Wber Eia. A. Pro position to in to United states a. A constituent member thereof the foreign nation of Texas has been recommended by the legislative resolutions of several states us the foie Congress for i the. Approval and Sanction and whereas such a measure would involve great wrong to Mexico and otherwise be of evil precedent to interests and. I Shono Rahle to the character of country and whereas its avowed objects Are doubly fraught with peril to the Prosperity and permanency of the Union As tending to disturb and destroy foe conditions of those compromises and Cooke Lions entered into at the formation of the constitute of by who i the. Relative weight of different tons and into Eli was adj ted and to strengthen and exp tend the evil of a system which b unjust in Ite Elfi in strik ing can Traat e theory of our , ind conds a by the moral int Ament of Mankind and whereas the i shall to hear the Delegate from Michigan declare he a Ditimis Creed and that m clearly As exam City of Eean Estl As the legislature has done of a that state whole people he represents on the floor. I was considering the great importance of the Resolution of of tiie state legs natures and in what i sail i had reference As Well to the Repi Troas of states which desire the annexation As of Titolo Ivhon Are opposed to it of in egg natures of this for or Pickfo tiiu to Are three i think. The first i shall no b Elk go tire of Abbema. She has Adan a of Tiow a Eonsuper deserving of the fullest Attim tinn examination and Mutiny and of refer amino. To air As the ate Aap Fyffe iveing refuted. To do so Wou id in my Opi Oran he a wig foe Duaine of to the committee on foreign Afi Bura and will be of any committee to which the Lem lotions memorial and petitions on the general us Heel May be referred. For i do not do guide to myself the desperate condition of the Resolution of my Collie be or. Jusaino after what has taken place in the Houm. But i beg the members of the Houm to consider that if they a Hall Ultima Tell As 1 suppose they will Cut Short the do it Cua Aion by calling the previous question or by laying it on the Tabb they will not thereby escape the same question at the Nemtse Salofi. If 1 Abah have being and a Reata i Here pro Mim them that the question foal be brought to again whether it will be under More Fevo Rable auspices h for time Alo no to Dif Plose. I do not think that is possible. But if this Congress do so and if after seeing Wal the fit Eling of the people of the United Ste Tea a respecting the gag they have Pul on the House and on their Mouths Itiat act shall by them be repeated i entertain the Hope that another Congress b at no great do Tanee when we shall hear nothing of the gag or of a Resolution first to Reoa Ivo and then not to consider Bat to Lay on the table Mem Tiab or petitions from the people on any subject Waterer. There b a Reform for the people of the United state log Fleet. I thank heaven there b reason to conclude they Ere Aerio Fisli thinking of it at the time. I will spare the House from read inf and commenting at length upon tip arguments in the preamble of the resold Tiena from Abrama. I win and poly one Short passage in the clerks table which i will thank my to read. The House on hearing it will perceive that i have my Milf an interest in a fair and free Diac suon of the Sesoi Uriot the extract was read As follow ii a and when it b recollected too that the very territory which it b now pro Pimp a to acquire was once i than the people of these United states have not granted to any or Alt of the de part teens of theft go vain men to tot have retained in them saves tha Only Power adequate of a foreign nation into the confederacy therefore Melvedt that we the Senate and Houm of rep remu the Tivenin general court asm muted do in the name of the people of Massachusetts earnestly and solemnly protest against the incorporation of Texas into the Union and declare that no act done or compact made for such purpose by the of Veramenta of the United Ste Tea. Willic binding on. The states or the people. Meshed that is excellency the governor be requested to Forward a copy of these the Loco m Panji no report to tip executive of the United states and the executive of each state and also to each of our senators and representatives in Congress with a request that they pre int the Leao Ivea to both houses of Coureas. It will be of moved that the last of them resolutions b an instruction to her senators and a request to her represent Tovee to present them resolutions in both houses now again i ask is it possible that the chairman of the committee on foreign affairs will attempt to justify he committee in not taking these no Lutina into consideration and not reporting upon them on the ground that there exist no proposition for the annexation t in the Resola tiiu of the offer states there b a proportion a direct propose lion. Surely it Wil not he said Chensny petitions or m to Riahi from individual Are referred to a committee that foe Ewi Totite tee May re Fum to ref sort opon them a Beegum there is position on the subject before the Here b a my a counter proposition to the proposition of Thom states Sti Iose i solves Call for the annexation. I actin entreat the members of the Houm to read the Resoluti oils for and against hat Roee Sare and to put it to their Tonac Knees was or tiny can refuse to take those Pioppo Mittons into consideration and whether they can justify the committee on foreign a Fostira in making a report upon the resolutions without Ever looking into the m. I entreat As a charge of duty on the pm a Cwince of papery member of tvs Houm. A the Reo Lutious of Massachusetts were Prem Tod tin the 31 St of May by my colleague or. Briggs then for the first time thoum did deliberately refer the resolutions of a state legs Lattire to a a committee on foreign the was no it was done Dellbert Alively on a formal motion made by myself. A. Gentleman from be org or. Haynes had the motion but withdrew pm objection and the Houm then referred the they were referred As a Mark of re spec Fiir which i As Otte of her represent tires Felt grated ii. Little did i expect Impf the committee would turn them Back on the House with tiie decoration that they Neter looked into them or with a denial of my right to ask whether they had considered them or not they were Deube Ratel i will say sob my we need to that committee. Then four Days after All the resolutions of state Btu if and All be memo Rob petitions and Thoj gift a solution to withdraw the proposition for an aex Alifi qts taken up the House being agreed to re co Sid ver the vote of yester Day upon that subject. After some amen Mesta votes Wera again taken on the resold too which Ops lost a yes Afes Sra. Brennan Douglass Gasley Gant Jonee of big Joeb Jack Menifee Pattou Poutoa if Osk Rowbert tic Momb. Aad rbornton�?13. Branch buries of Boyd by Gaby hard Ariu a Ftp Mii Airey pie sulpher Liidi 8wi% �?14, a there b the vote sir. Ayea 18, noes 14. by a majority of one member of the Houm of of Texas that boy by has refused to withdraw its application for annexation to the Union. Here i roust be permitted to observe that there b in the newspaper publication More explicitness and Candor than i was Able or than the Houm was Able to obtain from the president of the United states. I of s red a Tio n. Oti. ,. If it were not incompatible with the Public welfare to inform us whether that App cation had or had not been withdrawn. In answer to this cell we had a Kate r from the Miden to referring us to an enclosed letter of the Secretary of state which letter of the Secretary i Here recommend As one of the com attest a of mystification Ever sent to the House it does say whether the application has been withdrawn or has not been withdrawn. The substance of it is that after the rejection of the first proposition made by the plenipotentiary of Texas the executive government thought foe subject . Its control. was not the qution asked. The question was not about their Tii ought hut whether the Inq a of Trioa for foe annexation of Texas to Ihbe Union had or had not beet withdrawn. It was the act of a foreign government if out we Tai we inquired Aud not into the opinions Clear or Muddy of the executive govern ment wet ii r Tiley Cut Sidery a As. Within their control or without their control. It has been said of the Peop of uie part of the a Union from which i come thid j a a Canne gel a direct answer from them to a Plain a Mil Tiosh of fact Sara a then we must have a Yankee Secretary of state for it Ichimi we cannot get any direct answer from him. But though we cannot get the answer from him Here it b. Tire Jutro position has not been withdrawn. It b still in Ezi Steno. And i will ask the patience of the House a Little longer White i read to them some of the reasons assigned in the texts leg Slature Lor and against the flu ton to w if draw it or. A. Here quoted debates in Texas As fool hmm a before the votes were taken veni Gen for Man proceeded to express the Cir views upon the surge cd a or. Jones read extracts of a Tetter from our minister at the court of St. James mating Forth the Friendly feeling on the part of the British Sov emment towards the Republic whose ability however to maintain her Independence the letter observe was doubted in England. With regard to the United states the question of annexation was there considered As involving a War with Mexico and was Here they aay that owing to the danger of a War with Mexico the annexation b a hopeless just what the Secretary of state told the texan Minkler and just what the chairman of the committee told this Houm. The inference i draw from the big Page a that were it not for fear of War with Mem. Lire measure to old nil be a hopeless a or. C Cambreleng Here enquired of the Casia whether the morning hour had not expired the chair replied that it had. Or a. Entreated Suffi cent time to read Forough the report of form Tifen #6lfllljfent the leave was Given and or. A. Proceeded a England was interested in severing Texas from Mexico but would never recognise our Independence so Long As we continued to request annexation to the United from this said or. A., it appears that England has been Loo w ise to recon be the inde Jen Denoi of Texas so Long As her application continues for admission into our Union. Or. A. Read on a a there were no interests toe in the United slates that clashed with our Here. Or. Jones read meveral past Ges of a speech by the honorable John Quincy Adams upon the subject of the annexation of Texas to tha United state to show the feeling on the subject in the states North of the Or. Rusk was in fever of an Imro oblate Witti drawl of the proposition for an annexation. Even were the scheme desirable it was impracticable. The be Sefita to would All be on the aide of the United the last As motion caused him Home merriment. He continued to read where the texan orator was saying that a to the people of the United state Texas owed much to the love moment How that May be said or. A., i leave a a question Between Texas and the administration. He proceeds a a Large proportion of the people however oppo the annexation of Texas to their country it would give Alren Gih to the South and that waa what they were Detor mine the Sautin iii old not have. Sei respect required of us no time in withdrawing a hop Etem proportion let us stand or fell up n 0�r 0 in Merita. Even if we were willing to give to the United Stalee All the advantage of the contract she would not receive a. The matter a it now Stefo operated univ Only to a with raid to England who if she once Row that we were to stand Pou Inden Dent ground would he ted by her interest to cultivate our Friend ship and would at once rec Gnim our . On every View of the subject that could be taken it was Nigmy Dea Rahle that we at once withdraw the promo option for annexation. In genre of condemnation upon or. Adams and those who acted with air u a gentleman in the legit Jante of text As alleging that my co Rae has been a approved of for my state my course in resisting the annexation solemnly disapproved of by my state indeed what then do them resolutions mean which have been sent Here Fay her legislature a again he inform hat body that 1 am Sopp tied by three out of the Toteve my Coue Agnes from Miami Chat mitts. Sir i should very much like to know who Are the three Massachusetts representatives who agree with me in opinion on Ihbe matter and who Are the eight who a agree i he says there was a Public meeting held in fan Neil halt the Cradle of Aitla Cha Liberty and soft was when my Corm in relation to Ala very was Publ Kly and Aoi empty condemned. Now when my colleagues have done the Honor to inform the Houm who Are tire three and who the eight for and against my Coultm in relation to Texas i Bop they will further inform me and inform this Honie when it was that a meeting Iff Fanuel Hail Motet Only condemned my course either a to aver or or a to the annexation of Texas to the Union. Fri at a Aitt read on who were opposed to the withdrawal of the promo Aitio there was i Tother Reaton of some Impi Trtat be that he bearing on the Queen in. Lire withdrawal of the proportion would a Nash the Hopes of thou hands of Emi Gauta from the United states who were daily Pou Fig in up our shores buoyed up Fay the anticipation it of a Union of this country with Ike Otte they had left. Whence in any future time of need ire we to look few to Aid which had already enabled us to Roll Back the tide of Mexico inva a on and hold out Defice to the tyrant of the weal Wilt it come from England will in Gand marshal her chivalry up our Prairies or on her thunders Upa the Gulf in res poum to our Calli no to the people of the United Ste Tea Are we indebted for what we Havi achieved and for being what we pm Are. Let them net come Emoiy tis then Only to listen to Alandete up China Etves and the Gil Lent men they have left behind them Ira them pm have cd a to exclaim a ingratitude thou Marble hearted fiend a or. , of Kent Tacky Here demanded the odits of the Day and or. A. Resumed he heat Naan to a a a Cantu Hobo a or. Gant concurred with or. Rusk in most of he arg my Tite. A or. Hill doubted the right of Cong Rem to withdraw the proposition the people had directed it to be made and would if necessary direct it to be the or. Hul seen a very Maible gentlemen he speech certainly Vontaine a great Deal of soup Muse. He expire need a doubt whether the govern rent of Texas was authorised to withdraw its App Calton to us for annexation. He Doranna a that withdrawal can he made Only by the people of Texas. Or. A. Here again read on a emr. Thompaon Chi typed for the right of Cong Rem to withdraw the Pilot a it Oei Tion which he thought ought to be withdrawn. A or. Branch was in fever of annexation. A Bige or Tion of the people of the United states were Alao in fever of it. A or. Swift Rose and observed that he Felt it incumbent up him to aaa Ign he reasons for the vote he waa about to give. He com not. V Lew Ibe feet u to United. Stales government abstaining at the time from any action on our pop Silton of annexation As closing the door it Navy against ail action on the a eject so far a or. Swifts Conati Tii Enta were concerned it was due to say that they were in favor of annexation to the United Stalee. The Houm had heard it gravely maintained that one of the represent trivia from the state of Massac Hutts or. John Quincy Adams waa at the c head of a Rurade paged to to overthrow of certain among m. If the he so of cd or. B. That Leader cannot past of Many Folt were. He or. Adams o in state dist Metis a approved. Of he Courm upon twi explosive subject. The , by which it bad been �?�041 to judge of the in tibents of foe pople of mass Dietta upon the subject in question was to any the teat no cite Ftp at ail. By or. S., had recently received a matter from Maser Chusett stating the feet that tip course prayed by or. Adame in Galition to Ala very had failed to receive the Ami Clort even of he rimmed be constitute Tea. Of the def Egilide from or. Adanis had perhaps Turtte out of twelve with him upon that subject in a pm fic meeting heu not Long a not at Panuel Hall Boetta whose Walla had Baez Yoou stored to Echo the Platt Dili with which a Brave and patriotic people were Wool to Greet the Eloy Neil and spirit stirring a Pradt of the Ogea and free Inen of Maraach Aelter it a Pic meeting Bem in that Tam Frame Hall the Cit Isene of Maraach Oaits had and Beautiful state of Ohio on tit a Verili 1802, when she was recent Cal while Ite birth ii to be found record Elf to Book of the Laws on Tilie 29th Menai speech of or co Tuy of South Carofin 20th, 1838, in the Honee of rear Weilt Mivy i. Lashed in the nation my in Elmege chef of Mif 1838. A a 711� ver a Prift for internal Impi twesme which had Long since hem mended and Eft in the West by the Cumber kind Road Soufl de the friends of a Proth Etive Tariff Foont in hmm apprehensions of an overflowing to Adorf the important discovery in the a Mii a an pm pie outlet for All tiie funds of the in the unrestrained exercise of Ila polirer Over a to subject of local improvements ill the of Tate. Here then Are the three Montara fined eap a pie Abr the mischief the Road Tisil spa it of if Temal improvement and the idea of a protective to Riff the two Ira to being of gift Ebald and communications. For the Phitt Thropp at mls Tajudn notion Bis or Ogimi a Gujt Llla a a. Ohio. Or. Clowney a representative in co Grexa from South Carolina in a late speech in tha Houm in opposition to the Cumberland Road complaint that the policy of the general government with regard to the Public Ianda has been a illiberal and unjust to the Parent a tees extravagant to the new Ataw their in order to prove the alleged injustice he adverts to the up posed effects. B at he first Laye Down certain axiom of political Zeeno my thus a a the More dense the population when labor i capital con be profitably employ amp i in All the mrm fied Trixi tix of do Disei Lye the More formidable is Itiat nation and the More abundant its re.80 urges from the a do Reaid. Productive Are Ness of the Industry of its people. Union in Foree. Whatever encourages the Progress of population in a nation encourages that of read wealth and great Ness. O without admitting that these propositions Are All perfectly sound and tenable we May safely concede Liat they Are not destitute of Swirad sense and practical Philo Sophy. But let be alleged to or. Clowney Sang Tion Ltd Jyh. A it is Manifest "�18111 1�-an colouring and inflating it but it in Tibiae to attend to Flie tins la Psi o Pfost a the Repusic aids of trial Day who Zaat Dejl to profit by the Elheme of he a mos and Mitor exp Adithea would easily and dearly to the special Grante of Power in the co to Dee but War to Este Liali Post Offilee foods and to regulate Commeree in Htom Mthm Powers to do every thing that a state to food Ifo to the line of eternal improvement Roada foul ways and Canala add Ite proving the Nee ligation of Creek Al fed riven not did Theeo Nei Light pub Lietsi stand alone. They were iii my Hail m hot items by the old ffokraliatij9l who were ready to to Poente mob Fri Etui new so Hefte of policy on the Higl tet Ali express Grant of Power 10 provid of he �oi0 Moa defend a and general Keln. Pfaue be m powerful parly formed based on Tite Ponci a Lmh of plunder and i division of die Apolla. Thia to holy Allia Aoa of efm ional principles waa soon Orfa Aimeid into a system and failed by Tho in Wain of asst Rickii. Such if or. Cd oilmen he Oom flt tip the troop train of ibs Cona Oquient upon the and liar Tiona of an unborn Beauty. But the Eatman i a yet to he told. Look at South Caronal a Aya or. Clowney. A look Al hat now with her a Louevea deserted and falling to Geeky her ogee Fields worst out and abandoned for want of Timroy improve in evil of skilful cult ration and her thou Samu of a Zea of a exhausted lands still promising to band ii thah Vest to the in Miramm Kab Mhz my Lei Idu and neglected. Sir in the Interior of Tii Flam where 1 was bom and where i now Lar flt frs i la country possessing All the adv Ltd Kegei of soil mate and health Bonn dog in Ira a Laos in re a claimed from the Iris fade item of nature tour can now be found to latin neighborhoo4& he of population ii too Spaffo to support a u Aioli Centary school for Ohil Pfeto ouch ii the Dep of ble Eon Ditoh of one of the Ohl to of Chi Union that dates Baek its settlement and # Ai toy Aio Rej a nation we Are pleased to see use &xpreseion,3 a was Well As each India Idun Stato Are a alike most deeply interested in whatever Poliey tends the the increase of Timeir population. A philosophical observer of the history and Progress of this nation might conclude in View of these premises simply that or. Clowney was about to eulogize the policy under which it has so eminently prospered a first the reduction of the Price of Public lands secondly the Imp Oremenia of internal communications and of the facilities of business Intercourse thirdly the Protection of Eadi Section against foreign Competition. No such thing a quite the contrary Laie Are the very grounds of grievance hear or. Clowney against can easily be demonstrated he says that the United states have sustained an injury much greater than the benefits derived from the Sale of the Public lands whilst the immediate Bense a Nencet to the o old . C states been mos t disastrous. A the strength and resources the United slates have not Only been impaired in the Atlantic states by a Mere removal of their people to the West but also by Timeir dispersion Over an almost boundless extent of territory. A i am free to confess i Ezeriah a Palici Ilir Koe Utility to the Cumberland Road. And then he goes on to give in a style and manner most curious and quiz real the history of the Conception birth and growth of this hated Varlet the in legit male offspring of a rep Mican administers on a up neg from the mis doings of Uncle s am with the Young and be state of Ohio april 30th, 1802, about seven months before the Young Beauty was Bon la while says or. Clowney its Hii is to be found recorded a 29th March 1806, in the first act of Congress appropriating 930,000 to the laying out and making a Road from Cumberland a the state of Maryland to the state of this monster which beats Nick. Biddle All hollow this monster of monsters a bred Between the living and tiie a not tiie dead but the Beautiful non existing grew and strengthened and became prolific though in connection with what mate living or not existent or non existent legitimate or otherwise we Are not told but it was the Parent of a spirit so says or. Clowney hear him in process of time it generated a spirit for o ther and this wicked spirit soon acquired Gigantic strength so that a it became too Strong a says or Clowney a to be confined within the narrow limits of a but the spirit works not alone. Now for its Auzi Listes. In 1820 this spirit rec Ved a powerful impulse from the idea then agitated of a protective mercy on a a How the plot thickens. We Are not Only haunt by a to Wrt the of Arfel offspring of foil horrible to faster foe Cumberland Road a but a most tremendous idea starts no from the Earth surrounded with All the insignia of substantial terrors. Listen listen to foe recital of or. Clowrey while he relates foe outrageous Tranner in which the saw i Givie Cost of to tide it in the Hap pistil a id proudest is to what came can these of Tonishia Lic Jwili he at i rioted other than foe unwise stiff unjust kif Elfei Tion of congas by which the so Etiz wait of oae portion of our common not Murf is by pm a Stead at the expense of another to such Are the premises and such foe ��adq4�s�s of or. Clowney. To us to Lee than a to other Eye it seems next to impossible to View la a reasoning in any offer Light than that of rigid for but he seemed to be serious and i Seri Onvar la will respond. And in sober seriousness we Para task against his scandalous and hell Init imputations against Ohio. And we Wizdo our Endeavor to dispel the Iun Sions and monster my a King fondle which have haunted his imagination a let South Carolina look at Home. The Freal enemy of her Prosperity in Ere. Interwoven ii in the vary Structure of hed Spity. It rests solely in the disparagement of free Khor. Lei her Brout every Yoke proclaim freed iii foring Hoff a land and to Ewery inhabitant Ilter Eoff if feh win he peace be like a River and hex prot purity like an overflow tag Stream and her Wolste places Wir bit built and her deserts shall if Tom As foe then let her Ponder Well of the words of Jef. Fersobe and be thankful her Fri gee a9i so i paid and so few. I tremble a says Jefferson whet i a Awni Tiirik tilt god is just and that his Justice cannot sleep thera is a mortal sin resting if foie skirts of till Afdal nation which threatens its destruct pm and it now abides there principally Forough foe ence of ufos Carolina. More than Tho Feeo years ago we made a v urinal pledge to Abah flu it ouf forefathers pledged Freir a a lives their their sacred Honor in support of foe prot tempt a that All men Irti created a part have to Good degree redeemed the but South Ca Rolina has hot Only not dote so but has Hrh Ken her vow and declared her fico or to fill Fil it. Let South Carolina idol at those states who 19 deemed Freir pledge at an Early Day. Look at Massachusetts Rhode Island and co the territory of these three Stites u less tit Eft foil of Soutsi is Ina. Their matoral advantages Ara immensely less than hets. One of iter gushed statesmen has said that they hat Al a Biol _ to Export but Irolli and Iees yet he bears at enl testimony to their anti Vii. Freir int retry their wondrous Prosic Rilyn id no brings it i a turn fill contrast wife his Owett Tkv Wiite stale. Whence the difference has foil costera Region been u Centre of attract in of Fitim South Trolini and elsewhere by no Noemi. A Eoa Ifo Stream of popular Iota enter pay and capital nes been flowing for thirty years and More Roftis there stated Towarna of great in sufi qts Otier directions. Titi a Nave Sei Bott in that tree perhaps a Geati put ovulation foil they of tees. The their Popolo Tom in More Foill Eeva ift to St Oife mile and still ift creasing. There Forte states at foe last Genius try lation of More South Carolinia atm timer sub a i am free to confess that a Ehe Ruh i particular hair to foe Cumberland Road. I look upon it As the illegitimate offspring of a Republican admins motion whose Conception is to be traced to the we a _ illicit connection of this government with the yrs Whf probably inn draws of fou Sim in foe frae Malee than had Lees number. If the Scoufo would Sbol Ash a Avery Stantz so wealth and strength would be Dot fluid m ten years if not in five. There Are Foott and a a a a a a i ,

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