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The Philanthropist (Newspaper) - April 10, 1838, Cincinnati, Ohio-2s?. V. a a of a a. To. of a ? t / -i�4-i u a to a i a it a a Maliiw a #r., fit a a a a Vonjj Lieis be i of. 14, of flow series. Tie pub mute a Kelt by the anti Seal Ery society if Comer aim 4 Simla a a rfcs Cincinnati o Hio. Julius o. B ba.iu>sl4isb, pm is Lily a ask it. Tkins �?t�0 a Dollar and i Cen a in Throe Dollar if not paid till the expiration of the year. Let Tara on atm near should he directed to the publishing agent those relating to tie editorial department to the editor. In All cases Post paid in -r7--f�? poetry. Fon he ode to Alton. On Reading the account of the late disgraceful trial of we. Gtd than and oth for riot in defending i War Houm against the assault of an infuriated mob. Alton of a name de tet i steeped in guilt and infamy Alton All thy Hopes Are blasted banished is thy Liberty. Alton once so celebrated Foi thy acts of Charit a now despise and Shunn d and hated. For thy deeds of cruelty. Alton once upon True altars Freedom of Fern a up her vow a now to speak thy name she amp Lutera and to despotism bows. Alton Altor bloody City better a Ditchfield be thy name Over thy Laws the fell Banditt a a Quot meation fiercely claim. A Alton when thy name k Oken men shall hold their Harnath with Awe. Fot the is which thou Hast broken trampling on Jehovah s Law. The part of Mui. A majority of men appear to reason in this Way. The wife was to be subjection to her husband and he is a Man and a is a woman therefore every woman should be in subjection to Man. It is strange that it never occurred to May in to reason in this Way pc very son is to be in Subj action t o Liis in other and she is a Foman and be a Man therefore every Man should be in subjection to m Oman for no Rule is a Good one except it works both ways. \ Wom Aiu a help meet for Man. Woman is not subordinate to Man As Man but designed by her creator As his auxiliary in the government of this world although he May think that it is Good for him to be alone in this matter and that his Sapient head and colossian shoulders Are amply sufficient to sustain its ponderous machinery. In proof w a give the fifth Precept of the decalogue which is the source of All authority. The authority of parents is Paramount to All other human authority and is More extensive As every child has parents As is beautifully illustrated in the conduct of Solomon towards his Mother. Notwithstanding he surpassed All the Kings of the Earth in riches and i Shlom and was decked with All the magnificence of an Eastern Monarc i yet on the approach of his Mother he arose from his throne and did her obeisance and caused her to be seated on his right hand.�?�1st Kings ii. 19. How obediently he. Receives and How respectfully he Speaks of the instructions of his Mother not Only when he was a child confined to the Nursery but when he became a Man at an advanced age seated on the throne she gives him directions How he is to conduct himself personally and also How he is to administer the government of his kingdom. And though dead the spirit of Gobi still speak ctr by Xxxi. From the beginning to the end of the 9lh verse. But we have the example of a greater than Solomon no less a personage than the second per Sonlin the adorable Trinity when he assumed our Nau Irv word a Tebor Nailoa in. Shift. World. Hii was Eul Altona raging Bloomil polluted. Foaming oat thy Barning shame. Thou henceforth shall a Bear the Pealon up Mannl Roos Frame. O be few High aled and Peerless who have nobly stood your ground Belf devoted Strong and fearless a mid destruction be were found. Though the w airfare Stern and h Ard a we Grid Agara ithe furies wild May you still Ike those in Sardis keep your garments undefiled. Faithful Tiu among the faithless. Boldly pleading for the right be your Armour Bright and scan Lesa a Ever ready for the fight. Itin shall truth become victorious o ver All her Gorgon foes a then shall Freedom pure us Lonous. Even in a l t o n find repose. A. L. A communications. All Mankind created equal. Or. Editor a the anti slavery Enterprise a As furnished a a High school of morals a where not Only the rights of the slaves Are taught but the moral s standing of the whole human family investigated. The part that females ire Designe d to act in the great drama this worlds performance is now passing the ordeal of examination. Upon this As upon almost every other moral question a diversity of opinion obtains. Hoping that truth May in a Ujj cited by discussion therefore sir with your permission a i said 1 will answer also my part i also will show mine although not directly associated with the great object contemplated by your paper yet it has a particular bearing on the anti slavery enter prize As woman s a Telfer ence is repudiated on the principle that they a class of comm sky designed to be governed arid Are out o f their sphere when they take upon them selves to Counse or suggest. Our position is that woman was created in gods moral image with Dominion Over the creatures equal with Gen. I. 27-28, stands erect in All the dignity of human nature Many a equal a equally vitally interested in whatever affects the interests of Mankind in time or eternity. It is equally their duty to Aid in ameliorating the condition of the whole human family the Mode of operation varying according to circumstances owing need Renee As does Man no More and no less to All with la awful authority when administered according to gods appointment whether in the Church the state or in the family. This we con Ider to he our standing a coniing to gods appointment. Thus stands the whole human family As we believe All Mankind Are created equal. Many a supremacy official not natural women owes subjection to Man springing out of certain relations. The wife owes subject que to her hush act Jar cause she is his wife not because he a Man Anu she Wom an. Woman was made a subordinate in the i s c ase for the punish ment of sin As she was first in the tons ression. Subordination does not be Cessano a imply inferiority nor Dees it say that the person having authority is Superior in qualifications. If the person ruling had always qualifications suited for his authority the ruled instead of being injured would he greatly benefited by it. In All associations it is necessary for one to preside. Two sovereigns seated on the same throne would be a two headed monster there would be a continual conflict for the Ascendancy. It was perfectly Wise As All gods ways Are Wisdom that the supremacy should be awarded to Man. , was first formed and had physical Power to Awe to obedience. We do not think we have any reason to All gods ways Are equal. It is a voluntary Nih eci Ioli. M have the Clerff be franchise. Though it is not generally customary for us to make the first overtures in such alliances still we hav it in our Power to be a. Yet truly woman a punishment has been like Caine a More than she could Bear. Her husband was to Rule Over her and if done in gods Way it is easily borne but the majority of men think that should be in subjection to them most now this is a great a Istance for god never. Null woman in subjection to Man As Man in any a Case whatsoever. But the subjection As we have previously shown arose out of the relation that subsisted. Wherever Obed nce is required on the Petrof Wottitz the corresponding duty is Ove on Jet to his parents As it Behoved him in our place to fulfil All righteousness. By the fifth Precept of the decalogue Sovereign Man is made to Bow to woman a pm nostrum Horren Dum a god having appointed him head not oily of die household but of the woman in part Cidar women were not always the subordinate class under the jewish theocracy where god was their immediate lawgiver and elector of their executive officers. They were appointed to fill the most important stations in the Commonwealth. The most stupendous achievement in a temporal Point of View Ever transacted on Earth was it the deliverance of the children of Israel from egyptian bondage and their p Massage through thu Wilder ass to the Promake d land in which two men and one woman were iii de the conspicuous instruments. The prominent character which Miriam holds in scripture history As to her instrumentality in that transaction is proof positive of itself. But god expressly testifies by the Mouth of the Prophet Micah that he had sent before the children of Israel Moses Aaron and i. 4. Deborah was very conspicuous As a prophetess and judge in Israel performed eminent services for the nation and was amongst the worthies that a waxed valiant in fight and turned to flight the armies of the Many others could be mentioned that eminently Subserve the Public interest but time would fail us. These examples will suffice to show that women were not precluded from the affairs of the world and to show that a men did not always take the we know that females did not hold conspicuous stations As Public rulers or leaders to the same extent As males nor do we think that the interests of Mankind would have been Subserve by such a _ course As it would have infringed on Impo Ite it duties which devolve on the female we wish Loma Keno invidious comp Ari soes Only to show the great error Mankind has run into. We thank god Fiat he has Given us such a partner of our toils who by the Energy of his is calculated to be instant in season and out of season for the performance of Many arduous duties Widich necessarily devolve on the human family. And we bless god for the Many mercies he has Confer ice in go Luoi inti ills . And we Hope we will have suitable gratitude and veneration for the iii a Otto Merit. A by tue exec rite c02im11�tee of the Vilio s i Alibi slave Fly society. We Are verily guilty concerning our brother. Therefore is this distress come upon us. Ciufu Corrati Tih Day april to 188. A a to 113. That for Man As the representative of his race created the Hemens and the Earth and gave Lim Dominion Over the fish of the sea and Over die owl of the air and Over every living tiling that mov Etli upon the e,arth.,-�?�?othou Hast put All things under his fee and form Aii in his lost estate us Cli was the Amazio a Price put ii of n him that to redeem him god spared not his Only Begotten son who descended from heaven to die for tie guilty rebel. Hence for human Power to teau Sforina him into a beast or treat him As an article of Merchan ize is not Only a daring attempt to baffle the glorious designs of the most High in Many a creation and redemption but is in the most awful manner a trampling under foot the son of god and doing despite to the spirit of the Leople of the United states profess to be a Christian nation that is Christian like followers of Jesus \vi,o&6 precepts Are a Lovo thu neighbor As Lily self a and As you would that men should do to you do be even so unto them. But alas slavery is cherished in our bosom. Slavery in this our boasted land of Freedom holds in its cruel grasp More than two and a half millions of our Fel of mortals. Torn from their native Home forced irom the vows of con nubian love snatched from the endearing embraces of paternal affection and Tom the sympathy of fraternal kindness they Lave been and Are sold in the Market of human souls a a Market founded and kept up by injustice and plunder but destined yet to fall before be mighty influence of troth and reason. Deeply impressed therefore with these solemn and alarming considerations and believing that be time has fully come for All those who fear god Ove their country and Thor kind and value their own rights and Pri Eliges to unite together for the extirpation of slavery from our land we unitedly adopt and agree to be gov enied As a society by the Olio Wing Constitution. The Constitution is omitted being in the usual form Kupin. Twenty three signatures were attached to the Constitution and the following officers w Ere chosen. C. Cummins vice pres., Oliver Wylie corresponding and Job Stuart recording secy., and Jacob Fisher treasurer. We could not de tie i de a of Many a ,8up Nemo Macy As a hum an being is am Ong St the Many in Ven Lions that Man has found out since his fall and has been a fruitful source of calamity. Under it it great part of the rational creation has a groaned being burdened a and it has involved us in Many wild vagaries. Instead of All standing on the same platform and being governed by the same code of ethics we have our male and female Virtues. Corrupt Public sentiment has looked upon Man As Everi privileged to work iniquity. What would exclude a female from All respectable company would not lower them ale in the Esti Rii action of a Large portion of c0 a my nity a As a sex we have no reason to complain that Public opinion has frowned on our vices having the same corrupt nature and evil propensities this erroneous sentiment has been one Means of preserving us from those vicious habits which like a be for of destruction have swept so Many of the sterner sex from off this stage of action. And has this erroneous sentiment left Woinza uns Rathod a by no Means it has had a deleterious bearing on her sex. Woman is taught from her infancy that she is a being who has no co Icem with any thing that is go ing on in the world except tag her family affairs and some o f lib first principles of religion though it is acknowledged that both sexes Are equally interested in religion yet if she should go very deep into divinity she would be infringing on the clerical order and thus be out of her now what is the legitimate tendency of All this but to eclipse her intellect and paralyse her energies hence the frivolity and Idle gossip for which women Are so severely satirized. Priscilla. Cadiz., Ohio March 12tt, 1838. Young fee let a society of new con Cord. New Concord making us co. Ohio March 17, 1837. Or. Editor please insert the following in the philanthropist. A in a firmly to previous appointment a Meetin amp a w nov Conr Natl Ifor Lii Lunnun. Held near was a Youn g Peoples anti slavery society. T to dresses being delivered the following declaration of sentiment was afterwards adopted in con form Ity to the principles of the americ an anti slavery society and the dictates of human it and our god seeing that United Effort can Avail More than individual influence and it is the duty of every person to give his mite to arrest vice Anc not Compromise with it we therefore unite in the expression of the following sentiments cipher the name of the . Pul the following resolutions were passed resolved that coloured persons Are possessed of an intellect equal to that of the Whites and have naturally the same rights. Resolved that the Bloo d of tie Rev. E. P. Jove Joy is charge Able upon All who have aided and continue in any manner to Aid or countenance the spirit of a obo Cracy which rages in our land. Resolv6 a. That we consider the Many recent attempts to stifle free discussion and the Liberty of the press As an alarming evidence of the decline of Public morals patriotism and Liberty and that they Are subversive of the principles of our government. Resolved that we will withstand every Effort to suppress free discussion on any question of Tuffe interest and the Marc the rights o f a re in airy Are As sailed the firmer shall be the tones in w ill assert them. Resolved that the late resolutions in. Congress relative to petitions on the subject of slavery be considered a flagrant attack upon our rights and Mvi Leges and those of every american. Resolved that it is the duty of the Church in All her branches to Bear testimony against the sin of slavery. Resolved that in our opinion those ministers of the gospel who countenance the sin of slavery or Endeavor to publish to the world that tie Bible justifies such a horrible traffic in human beings As the american slave Trade have greatly erred and brought reproach upon the Honor of god in fed his to. Yours it Sec. O. Wylie Cor. Sec. The prevalent judgment of Christendom is strongly condemnatory of the wicked and shameful practice of american slavery. Slavery has succeeded in itself with an atmosphere so polluted to d that i be try sickens and Dies w within its limits. But As we recede from the poisoned Region w e find that this atmosphere loses its. Density and nox ious qualities until at length Freedom can live anal Bratlie and Justice and religion can utter in indignant tones their reprobation of the unchristian and Savage custom of slave holding. A. My Farlane. Sugar and silk manufactures. The North is no longer necessarily dependent on the South for sugar. Since it has been ascertained that sugar can be made from beets and pumpkins no Excil a remains of r us ii in e products of ii req la a Bur. y Tau iii Olio Lias not a a Quot a sugar Camp a can now Many facture his own sugar from the beets. A fact related by Pedder May furnish a hint to some. Says he a a in that neighbourhood Arras it is that a Small manufacturer Jean Joseph Vecerin has succeeded in preparing sugar Outra Small scale. I found his residence a tavern in the Village of Nain in the front parlor of which he had however contrived to manufacture about a half a ton of sugar by Means of machinery the most Siipple imaginable. In the fire place of Ali is room he had. Fixed his defector evaporator and boiler his w Ifer a washing tubs sen de for receivers and coolers and a single sugar pan was sufficient for a whole Days work. His rasp which was the Only tolerable instrument he was possessed of made four Hundred revolutions in a minute and was driven by his to o sons. In this we May he actually made Good sugar but his know ledge not extending to the purifying process much of it remains on his hands unsaleable. On my inquiring How Long each process required before its completion he replied a i cannot say for our Ope rations were ofte e com Petely stopped a the crowds which came to witness them but we sold Large quantities of Beer and Brandy by w Liili i did and in truth this seemed his strongest incentive to labor. The work is discontinued in consequence of the fear of the import Laws it he absolutely made Good sugar in a room fourteen feet Square. I saw the medal which had been presented to him by the a Royal Central society for the encouragement of agriculture a of which he is justly if the slaveholders could not make Money by their slaves they would emancipate them. Quot we have seen to w we m a Supply o ourselves beet Saiga a let us try Lio w we shall , with the Cotton. Perhaps though one other thing should be mentioned first Viz every free Man must refuse to use Sinigar manufactured by slaves for it is the Price of blood. This will Spur ingenuity to. More rapid inventions and will hasten the consummation so devoutly w shed. From an Iny estimation which 1 prosecuted last Winter to some considerable extent i ascertained that silk could be manufactured and raised cheaper than Cotton or Ilax. At least i satisfied myself on the subject. Childre i i a lid aged people can Etc a form most of. The labor of procuring the a Wask a Vilich is the principal part. Lei us make an estimate. W of Dicks Creek and Monroe anti slavery society. R War Rrth county March 7th, 1838. Dear sir a on ule 1st of january last the antislavery. Society of icky a Creek and Monroe Vas organized the election of officers a Constitution of the usual kind Haring been previously adopted by Quot the members or. Joshua Stevens of Mouroe was chosen president w. A. Caldwell record. Sec. And a. My Farlane Cor. Secretary. The following resolutions were adopted unanimously. 1. Resolved that slavery is a great evil moral and political and that the Only just Safe and of actual remedy is immediate emancipation. 2. Res. That the project of Southern slaveholders to Annex Texas to the United states to secure an Ascendancy to slave holding in the councils of the nation ought to meet with the disapprobation and opposition of every Friend to the liberties and welfare of this country. 3. Res that the religion which sustains attempts to justify slavery contradicts and Dis honors both the Law and the gospel infringes upon the authority of god and the rights of Man gives encouragement to the exercise of the worst passions of human nature and to the perpetration of the i Gatesl enormities which Spring from them. 4. Res that the late proceedings at Alton iii. Terminating in the murder of the lamented love Joy discover in a Strong but t a i it Light the spirit by w hich slaveholders and their allies Are a Tua ted and show that they will not hesitate at the com Mission of any crime in support of their a Peculiar 5. Res. That the Freedom of the North cannot consist with the slavery of the South and that if the slave holding influence should Preponderate in the Union we have reason to apprehend that the right of petition and the Liberty of speech and of the press will be entirely prostrated. 6. Res. That it is the imperative and Indi spen Sahe duty of every Man to Bear his decided testimony against the wicked system of american slavery and to use every scriptural and constitutional Means to effect its entire abolition. Ata subsequent meeting the society resolved to in one acre there Are 43,560 Square feet 1,210 Trees in one acre 6 it. By 6 4,840 a a a a a a lift by 6 each tree italian Mulberry 6 years old will produce 61, of leaves. 50 lbs. Of leaves some say 38 will feed 1000 Worms. 300 cocoons will weigh one Pound. 3000 cocoons or 10 lbs make one Pound of silk. 30,000 Trees g years old will produce 180,000 pounds of leaves which will feed at 45 pounds per thousand four Millitics of Worms. Allow 3000 to a Pound of silk this at $3 per Pound will amount to $3,999. Reeled silk is however oftener valued at five or six dollars the Pound than three. The above calculation is made on the White Mulberry. The introduction of the Morus Muu Caulis into this country will be an Era in the silk business. It will reduce the Liffor of raising the raw silk about one half if Nof two thirds. It saves nine tenths of the labor in Gath c Ting the Lea ves. Those leaves which Are found to produce belter Sofii grow from 25 to 35 inches in circumference. The Pound of them contains one third More nutritive matter than a Pound of the Best White Mulberry leaves i Hay a seen silk of Abe most durable texture manufactured in our Farmers families on the common spinning wheel or loom. In Economy Beaver county. A. They make pantaloons jackets amp a. Of the silk Tow. It is used in place of common Linsey or jeans. Their sewing silk vesting lust rings pocket handkerchiefs and dress handkerchiefs Are of the very Best Quality. Uliey have no ground occupied exclusively by mulberries but Plant their streets and Side walks and Garden alleys and Hedges with them. However to make the business at once successful and profitable every Farmer ought to Start a Nursery of Mulberry Trees immediately calculating in the course of a few years to have two or three set with them besides All his lanes and become auxiliary to Ohio anti slavery society and directed that an Alteo unt of the formation and proceedings of this society be communicated to the philanthropist. A a yours respectfully a m Farlane. We entertain the Hope that our society will increase in strength and efficiency and be Able to exert a salutary influence upon Public 8en,, in this re Gion. We Are c 0nfi,Dent that the truth Anc the fight How Over overborne for a time by obstinate prejudice and sordid avarice will finally prevail. We anticipate the formation of a popular sentiment which slavery with a All its Brazen impudence will not be Able to confront. Even now acres cd of the Louisiana emigrants of last year. The body was found in Stockton Creek with Marks of violence upon he was a resident at Caldwell and the Day in which he was missing went Down to a native town one mile and a half from tie settlement with Bis wife a daughter with him a girl of i o years of age. The he rate says that the iii Al p probable con dec Ture seems to he a a tha the Man was at ,,ei1 if a band o f m marauder in que t of v in Tim for the slave Trade offered res Fiance was overpowered anti the girl carried off a stall ratio in the Colozi. The same paper says a Captain Keeler of the Schooner Portia informed us that he found it impose Siovie to procure Nee or fresh provi dons for any Price at Cape Palmas settlement of the Maryland colonization society one of our letters states the people Are suffering a want of provisions unknown the Price current for May states that there Are no Bacon pork lard soap cheer Coin meal flour molasses Salt , and in the Market., at Eiroa a is x Kali in the Herald of the 9 the month following reports As follows a the late hungry times which for a month or two were found so troublesome to us Are passing away. We can now obtain a More grateful Supply of the needful in the Diane of Rice a ado and Jcj the following is from the Herald of 12th to. it docs not show an abundance of what Are Here considered necessaries of life. Wuol Sale Elices Corr set. Articles. Bacon., beads Blue bats bricks candles sperm., cheese Corn Jmeal checks Domestic Cotton White. Flour superfine. Guns a a. S., Iron bars. Lead pig la ird. Lime Flo a a a a a a Acay Crew n o 3. Nails Oil Palm Vork pots Iron. Powder padlocks Porter pipes Gumbo Romalus suit sugar loaf. Shoes slippers soap Shad a Satin strip tobacco Wash bowl jumbo 1 been her 1837. Per. From. La. None. Ii 33. Bbl. 14.00 a. U one. 100. None. La. 50. U none. Bbl none. Is. 12. Bale. 12. Bbl. None. Box. None. Cwt none. None Cash. A none none i Allon. None. Bbl. None. 100 lbs. 9 00. Gallon 50 bbl none Cal 8.00. Bbl. 20.00. Doz. 1.00. None. Box. 4.00. A a a 3.00. 1 a Cit none. La none. Anona. None. E 100 or. None. Box none. Bbl. None. A. None. 100 lbs. 12.50. Doz. None. To. 1,5. 00 14 14 5 00 prospects ahead but the Herald of the 12th Mont i last Speaks despond singly of the a evil to a it is seriously a ivs the Herald to be feared that there will Lee a greater Scarcity of Prott Sions the ensuing season than Laas experienced the Iasi. We have it from a source ent lied to the highest credit that there is no Rice in Tho country. The late wars up hmm the Nativ is to which we have so often adverted have opera led in a Triplicate -m.anner, in Pra d a cing this Rui of 0 us con Sci once first in the c0 n a Aion and consternation which have generally prevailed secondly m the victims it furnished for the foreign slave Trade and thirdly in the abandonment of the country by nearly All the remaining natives. It behoves our people to look Well to their crops and prepare for the inevitable Scarcity of the a Truing health in Liberia. We Are heart sir at me a Eta is which follow. Let every colonization St inquire what is the amount of the which belongs to himself in producing this sacrifice of human like. From , 1837. Emigrants Btu the grieves of to Aii ounce that the number of Dealis am Ong the Keimig rtt its by the a Orient exceeds anything that has occurred of late years and to rows our mind Back to that sickening period when cargoes of emigrants were thrown ashore Loi Olmut shelter a com Molt Liu on or Vej Cieni metical Aid Todie % scores. Lest the untimely death of these people would be charged to the All conquering Insa Lubritz of the climate we feel it our duty to anticipate the charge and relieve the climate in this instance at least from an undue degree of odium to be Brief therefore we state it As the prevalent opinion among All Classet conditions and professions Here that the people have died partly from improper medical treatment and partly from the want of medical attendance. Shortly after they com cd taking the fever or. A con withdrew from practice hut not in such a manii or i t wa3�?oba, id As Init or. Prout at Liberty to cons Ider them wholly and sex dus ively under his charge. It remains therefore for the physicians to assign the True cause of their death. $200 Worth of produce. This Early Keg Iila is Omi Naos of business on a Large effects of Colozi Zatio . In a Welt written article on the coot to so it Shifu. Colwy published in the num tier of the he Rald for Sif lip it a. The Edi tor slates that Many in the Colony Send get los ctr us Locea which exist in the unite d Stattin the of feeling there manifested to wards the Colorado Aad suppose that they Are ent lied to Assis Aiice hmm Imrica and hence complain that this assistance is not Forth to mag. The Herald states that there is an unfounded belief quite general that the colonization society is in a manner for the individual Comfort of the colonists for a amp. To Oto the editors own Eferds a this belief May Piave been induced in Many in Almaoui by the orid descriptions std flattering relations is Lahti an abundantly and in Wari ant ably pm my Meece rent to emigration. And there May be Ineta Nesiti in which wifi the same View ouse coun no j Promise of prolonged and a let Jet kill been actuary made. If to were Wanoi so Mam m to confide in it we can ont Iuda Lgon go Hmaey i i their wealth of the Colo it. A a from the Herald of the 10th month m Nake the following extract �?~4f our friends abroad inquire Are the people Makii for tunes we reply at once a to what fortunes on they make in a score of years who Are newly arrived in a that tries every Fibre in the animal composition Wutti Iott Money without Correct knowledge of the seasons. Tom cd to the productions of the soil and who from first moment of arrival have to bring their regular Quot of duty to the Publ in service with out Feo or re Ward. If the y make a living they do we in and ail that will be demanded Ign aay whose Good opinion we value at dec fro Mike a Aldo Takh 9tk Monesi a Idle sedentary patriotism May do very Well in Popup and Well settled communities. But Here where Mea area scarce where every thing remains to be done where absolute poverty is the Rule and moderate competency the rare exception it is altogether agriculture in the Colot. The Herald of the 12th month states that it is with deep regret that the editor has Learned that one of the most re portable and industrious citizens of Caldwell has left his firming to take charge of a school. A your regret a says Tito editor a is depend by the fact that Thia gentleman has been setting a Noble exan Opte of what with Industry and Persever Ance May be done in form of and we have More than ooch appealed to his Case As evidence that the difficulties of raising Rice Are not so formidable As had been imagined a we leave the above with our readers. That it discloses a far different state of things at the Colony from what we have had reason to expect from the statements of the agents and Perit Micals of the american colonization society must be Manifest to All. The More we examine into the True Condi Tion of the Colony a its dreadful climate a its enervated sickly inhabitants a its pinching want a its Thrift less Agri culture its exposure to attacks from the natives a the More deep and hitter is our Ash Orrence of the Cra Al policy which Hafl decoded or driven its victims to that ghastly grave ground. It w hut on a Rem Ove from the Afri can save Trade. Foreign. Yards and useless Corners. If lie Sli Ould happen to live in s0 me of the Barren or Hilly Parte of Olio Why All the Hett Eri he can alien set Hia whole farm with them. From 0 be tree of the Morns a Ulli Cauli a you can raise Many thousands in four or five years. Every limb May be Cut into As Many pieces As there Are buds upon it and every Bud will produce a tree. There is a Connecticut Farmer who lives near me whose wife and children have for several years manufactured sewing silk in sufficient quantities nearly if not entirely to clothe the whole family and at least to Supply All that part of Ali Eidress which had to be bought. They gathered their leaves from the native Mol Berry which grows wild in the Wood. Any one who May wish for further information of the subject should subscribe for a utne silk cult rat a published at Hartford Connecticut by the sex. Cora of the Hartford silk company at to per year f. Comstock editor. Colonization. From Ike Perth Omnia Freeman. News from l1d,b,e1a. By the politeness of the editor of the United Ste Tea a Tefte we have had an Opportunity to peruse a file of the Liberia Herald from the 5th month to the 12th month last. Slate catchers in Liberia tie Herald of the 5th month states that an inquest had he in held on 14th inst. On the body of Lewis Johnson one statement of Fatsi Cias. In the Herald of september we find the following statement from or. J. W. Prout assistant colonial physic an in answer to certain charges brought against him. The or. A ays a i never while the emigrants were under or. Bacons charge countermanded an order of his but acted As his apothecary and saw that his orders were carried into effect until he gave them entirely into my care put them under my medical charge c. Then i considered myself at i inc try to prescribe to the Best of my judgment and knowledge which i have obtain d from better than eight y bars experience and i have not the least doubt that my practice will be Appio Bat Eft by Many respectable physicians in Europe As Well As a Mari Ca. By a letter from or Bacon dated on Board the Brig Mary Jane Mon Tsurao roads Jan. 6th, 1838, we Horn that the emigrants arrived in july after a tedious passage of 60 Days with most wretched accommodations several of them sick and two having died on the Way. The first cases of fever occurred about a fortnight after their arrival. The or himself was seized with it about the first of gust and unable to attend the patients who were left in the care of or. Prout one death Only occurred previous to ,dr., bus sickness a but in the fortnight following so Van died. A of the survivors a say the doctor a i perceive a by the c symptom that a Lar be Portio n would soon Fitow those who had i cd under the new practice of or a a sat fied a he continues a a that i had not health strength nor assistance to execute the duty is of my office duly and finding myself worn Down by the vexations and Embarrass meals with which i was beset i was then about to leave the Colony for a More Safe Ami peaceful residence in some other place. 1 therefore left the emigrants to those who had Assum the responsibilities and had resisted and impeded me in the discharge of my Progress of Citilia Zatio. We quote from the Herald of the eighth month the following editorial article which shows the Progress made by the Colony in Christian izing a the Heathen round Aboo la a we have heard but Little recently of the Tro a in oct Vicinity we know not whether to attribute this apparent cessation of hostilities to a want of Means on the part of the Bethge rants or to a disposition to come to an amicable arrangement. Perhaps wearied with the late unusual efforts Mitling deepest revenge they have retired from the conflict merely to gather strength to burst with renovated vigor on their detested foes a which May heaven forfend. From the Vrr etched i Stem hitherto pursued by the colonists the actual productions of the Colony Are inadequate to Ita support. The attend Tho natives the part year a Heim occupied in pursuing and being pursued that Twy have raised also Lully nothing for themselves. Thus instead of being Able to furnish the Colony with the accustomed Quan Tum of Rice and Cassado they will have to share with. It either by fair or foul Meana. They will probably Purchase As Long a the y have the wherewithal which will be too Short for our fangers Good and then they will help themselves by nocturnal visits to the unenclosed farms which help it who can. We yesterday heard an individual complaining that some person of Persona to complainant unknown had without bit consent unceremoniously unburdened his firm of about a my from the Birmingham Jan. He. The Tov Vns a meeting. The meeting held in the town Hall last Thi Iti Day night to Aii Isider the propriety of petitioning parliament for the immediate abolition of the apprenticeship a system was certain a one of the nov lest spectacles we Ever beheld. The ii and i was foil the Side galleries and a part of the area were reserved seats at six proce each All of which were crowded the orchestra was densely occupied by the requisition Ste and their friends and it was really refreshing to us to see men of All political parties and every denomination of professing christians surrounding the respected chairman the High Bailiff on this truly philanthropic occasion. Never did we attend a Large meeting not exclusively religious where there was. Such intense interest excited or such Umfort attention Given. The same Pap or for a Rikli is a report of Quot the Dif Fernt speeches. We live Only room for the Fol lowing a my. Phil. The Rev. Or. Banks a Wesleyan minister recently returned from the West indies seconded the Resolution. He had been in the West indies ten or eleven years and had seen much of the horrors of slavery and he had travelled some distance to be present on that occasion in pursuance of a pledge he had Given the slaves to it Ivory Opportunity of lifting up Liis voice against the apprenticeship system a. Cheers he had narrowly Yva etched the Progress of the Lra Perial act. When it first passed some members of the legislature of Antigua conceive big it in Oulch Only prove a Burden to the Colony proposed to give the slaves in that Island their entire Freedom. Chee a l in common with the other religious teachers in the Island he received a communication from the governor desiring his opinion As to the fitness of the slaves for Freedom his answer was free and explicit that he had no doubt whatever of their entire fitness for Freedom and that such a measure would greatly tend to Benefit All classes. Loud applause a them ensure was ultimately carried by the casting vote of a Mem be r of the legislature who to As a particular Friend of his and with whom he had had repeated conversation on the subject. He was in the Island of Antigua on the Day that entire Freedom was proclaim and it was quite impossible for him to describe the intense Joy and gratitude which were Felt and expressed by the poor slaves on that occasion. The fears of some persons were greatly excited for the result of that Day though most unnecessarily so for there was not a single outrage or breach of the peace throughout the Island. When exhorted to be peaceable their Simp be reply was there need be no fear for surely As they did not riot when slaves they would not be so foolish As to do so when freemen. Loud Cheera a slam e who had by some Means obtained his Freedom some years previous and who had left the Island and during his absence Learned the Art of printing returned just before this Lime with some property and commenced a newspaper of which he Yves both proprietor and editor. He was however brought to the very verge of rain in consequence of his advocacy of entire emancipation and at the Recomb Enda Tion of his Fri i ids was induced to apply Loiro ugh him it. Banks to the Golem or for the office of supermen Dent of police. At first his excellency could scarcely be brought to listen to the subject butt length very much to tie Surprise of the White population he appointed him to the office and hastily swore him in fearing there would be a great opposition and outcry against the appointment and declaring it was the most desperate act he Ever committed laughter and cheers he proved however most invaluable officer. They had no diktat of the disturbances at is Kitts. His exec by on hearing of the out Brake mint to land accompanied b j the Man of whom he and who almost unaided put an end to the tur Bances. Cheers the oct was he largely the Confidence of the negroes that a from him was of More effect than a Rohiy task the militia. Laughter and applause the

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