Patoka Register (Newspaper) - April 3, 1936, Patoka, Illinois
THE PATOKA REGISTER, PATOKA, ILL.
Until New York’s Chrysler building came along In 1930, with Its height of 1,046 feet, the Eiffel Tow-er In Paris, 984 feet, was the world’» tallest structure. Later, of course, the Empire State building topped both with 1,248 feet
NEW KITCHEN STOVE MAKES ITS OWN №
Housewives Marvel at Coleman Range That Lights Instantly Like City Gas— Cooks a Meal with 2c Worth of Fuel
A new kitchen range that offer» every cooking convenience of the finest city gas range is now avail« able to house« wives, wherever they live.
W. C. Coleman, feioneer inventor of gas-pressure appliances, brings to a lifetime of inventive genius his crowning achievement in this amazing new Coleman
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Safety Range. This new stove make» its own gas from ordinary, lead« free gasoline. A patented method of carburization converts liquid fuel into gas, much the same as In present day automobile engines.
The Coleman Range lights instantly, like city gas. Its fuel-saving Band-A-Blu Burners, another of Mr. Coleman’s outstanding developments, produce a clean, clear-blue flame, so hot that a low flame does all ordinary cooking. Tests show an average family meal for five takes about 2c worth of fuel.
Coleman Ranges are finished in gleaming porcelain enamel. Their pleasing colors combine outstanding beauty with unequalled performance.
Readers of this paper wishing full information about these wonderful new Coleman Ranges will receive beautifully illustrated literature and a valuable stove check chart by simply addressing a postcard to Mr. W. C. Coleman, Dept. WU-236, Wichita, Kansas,—Adv.
Cardui Helps When Nerves Seem “On Edge” Every Month
Women who find themselves in a painful, nervous fix, suffering every month, may have some functional trouble which Cardui should benefit. “At times, I felt like I must scream if a door slammed or there was an unusual noise,” writes Mrs. P. A. Odum, of Haines City, Fla. “I did not feel like doing my housework, and as I had other work be-sides( I felt more like lying down. A friend of mine asked me to try Cardui, which I did. After my first bottle, I felt much better. I continued taking it until I had taken six or seven bottles. By this time I was so much improved I was able to leave it off.”
If not benefited by Cardui, consult a physician.
One may be prouder of hi» son if he is a genius; but perhaps fonder of him If he 1» “Just man"—and all to the good.
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By ELMO SCOTT WATSON
HIS is the story of a "forgotten hero" of the old frontier. His name was John Philip Clum.
When he died on May 2, 1932, newspaper dispatches recorded the fact very briefly. They said lie had been an agent for the Apache Indians and “captor" of the notorious Chief Geronlmo. They recalled that he had
also been the first mayor of the town of Tombstone, Ariz., in its wild old days and that he was the founder and first editor of Its famous (and appropriately-named) newspaper, the Epitaph.
Bnt they told only a fractional part of the story of an authentic “Wild West hero." A more complete record of his career appears In the book “Apache Agent—The Story of John P. Clum," written by his son, Woodworth Clum, and published recently by the Houghton-Mifflin company.
John Clum was about the last man on earth you would have picked for a “Wild West hero” if you could have seen him that day in the autumn of 1871 when he arrived In the frontier country. He
was a slender youngster, just past his twentieth birthday, "arrayed in store clotheg, boiled shirt and derby hat”—In other words, the typical eastern tenderfoot tossed into the swirling hurly-burly of the Southwest
He had been born of Holland-Dutch parentage near Claverack, N. Y., In 1851 and had grown up on the farm. At the age of sixteen he entered the Hudson River institute in that city and Immediately joined the cadet corps where he received military training which would prove invaluable to him later. In the fall of 1870 he entered Rutgers college—to study for the ministry, his parents hoped. But young Clum thought differently.
At Rutgers he played on the football team and took part in the first Intercollegiate game ever played In this country—between Rutgers and Princeton. He also became captain of the crew but illness cut short his college career. He went back to the farm but, soon realizing that It wasn’t big enough to make a living for him and his five brothers, he decided to go West
He Goes West
His opportunity came when he read in the village newspaper that the War department was about to organize a meteorological service throughout the United States (now the United Slates weather bureau). He went to Washington, passed the examination, was appointed an ob-server-sergeant in the United States Signal corps at Santa Fe, N. M.
During the next two years, as weather observer at Santa Fe, the tenderfoot became better acquainted with the West. But he was far from being a seasoned frontiersman when* In November, 1873, he received from the Indian bureau in Washington an offer of the position of Indian agent at the San Carlos reservation in Arizona. Why was he chosen for the Job?
"In those days the several religions denominations were charged with the supervision of the welfare of the various tribes of Indians, including the recommendation of suitable persons for appointment as Indian agents. The wild Apaches had been assigned to the very tame Dutch Reformed church, which denomination had been responsible for the religious guidance of John Clam’s youthful footsteps. It so happened that the Apaches needed an agent at this time, and a volunteer was sought among the students at Rntgers college. Some of Clum’s former classmates suggested that, Inasmuch as he was already In New Mexico, he might be willing to undertake the job.”
A Man-Six« Job
▲ job It was, too, for a twenty-two-year-old, fresh from the East— just a matter of taking charge of 6,000 Indiana scattered all over the territory of Arizona. Moreover, these Indians were the "terrible Apaches.” From the days of the Spanish conquistadores they had learned to distrust and hate the white man and for 200 years every effort of the 8panlsh and the Mexicans to conquer them had been in vain.
After the Mexican war the United States had acquired, by conquest and purchase, the Great Southwest. But treaties and such-like didn’t mean a thing to the Apache». This was Apacha land and they had never admitted the sovereignty of Mexico
over it Although they hated the Mexicans, they were willing enough to be friendly with the first Americans with whom they came into contact.
But an act of treachery on the part of an American trader and the cold-blooded murder of a party of Apaches by his men in 1835 had planted the seed of suspicion of Americans. During the next 50 years that suspicion grew Into a certainty that these white men also were enemies to be mistrusted and hated. For there was "a sickening series of broken promises, of ugly trickeries. Chiefs, invited to conference, were killed. Safe conducts were violated. Officers broke faith. The American trappers, traders and soldiers always had difficulty In telling the difference between consistently hostile tribes, like the Chlrica-huas, and peaceable tribes, such as the Arivaipas.” So they killed Apaches indiscriminately and more than once drove friendly tribes on to the warpath.
By 1862 the federal government had decided upon a policy of extermination of the Apaches. From 1862 until 1871 it had spent $38,000,000 to do it and had actually succeeded In killing less than 100 Apaches, in. eluding women, children and old men! “There were seven thousand Apaches in the United States when that war started and seventy-one hundred survived. The Apache birth rate defeated the Grim Reaper and Uncle Sam, combined, by one hundred head.”
All of these things young John Clum learned by digging Into official reports when he went to Washington to study up on his new duties. “The deeper I dug Into these official reports, the more bewildered I became. Could my government be so two-faced as to presume to protect the Apaches through Its civilian Department of the Interior and at the same time endeavor to exterminate them through its military Department of War? ... I determined that the Apaches would get a square deal from that time on, if their new agent had anything to say about It.”
Despite that honorable Intention, the words of old-timers in Tucson, when he arrived there on his way to take up his new duties at San Carlos, were scarcely reassuring.
“It’s a shame to send such a kid,” they »aid. "He’ll be back here In a week, as soon as he gets one good look at those Apaches. Either that or he’ll get an Apache lance »tuck through him before he ever reaches the agency.” . . .
“Better go back to the farm,” was their admonition, "and save your money as well as your scalp.” But John P. Clum had two outstanding virtues—courage and a sense of humor. He had become bald at the age of twenty-one. and now lacking one month of being twenty-three, he had only a fringe of hair which he kept close-cropped.
"The government Is paying my traveling expenses,” he told his advisers, "so I cannot lose any money by going to San Carlos, and having no hair I cannot very well lose my acalp.”
With this parting shot, Clum procured a byckboard and two horses, loaded np with provisions, bought a Colt forty-five six-shooter and drove on! sf Tucson
1—John P. Clum in 1931. 2—-Chatto, John P. Clum and Eskimlnzin. 3—■ Fourteen of Geronimo’s famous band of Apache warriors on their way to prison in Florida. In the front row, third from the left, is Nachee (Naiche or Natchez), son of Chief Cochise, and In the same row, fourth from the left,
is Geronlmo. 4—Tauelclyee, sergeant of Clum’s Apache police. 5 John P.
Clum and his company of 54 Apache police. (From a photograph taken at Tucson, Ariz., in May, 1876.) All pictures from "Apache Agent,” by Wood-worth Clum, courtesy, the Houghton-Mifflin company, publishers.
En route, he passed through New Camp Grant and there he saw a fine-looking Indian with Iron shackles riveted to his ankles at work making adobe bricks. It was Chief Eskiminzin of the Arivaipas. Originally a friendly chief, he had seen 118 of his people killed by a party of Americans, Mexicans and Papago Indians from Tucson in the famous (or infamous) Camp Grant massacre. Small wonder that he had taken to the warpath to avenge them. At last he had been prevailed upon to bring his tribe in to San Carlos. The reason he was wearing shackles was because he was an Apache and the army officer In command didn’t like him!
Eventually Clum succeeded in gaining Eskiminzin’s release and by doing so gained a friend who was a potent factor in making a success of his new job. But an even greater factor was Clum’s method of dealing with the Apaches.
First Indian Police
Anticipating by 50 years the most modern theories about handling Indians, he made them self-governing by founding the first body of Indian police ever organized in this country to preserve order on the reservation and by establishing Indian courts to try offenders. He made them partially self-supporting by teaching them the arts of peace instead of war and paid them for the work they did. And above all else he taught them that he was a man “who did not speak with a split tongue.” What he promised to do, whether punishment or reward, he did and they knew he would do It The results of his policy were soon apparent. When he first went to San Carlos he had 700 Arivaipas under his charge. Then the word went out among other Apache tribes that at last there was a white man agent at San Carlos who would treat them fairly and protect them from bad white men (including the soldiers). So they began coming in and within three years Clum was ruling over 5,000 of these “terrible Apaches” without the aid of a single soldier. The only other white men at San Carlos were a physician and a commissary clerk.
"For three hundred year« Apaches had defied control; had b«en known as tha moat dangerous of all the nations of red man In North America; the moat rsaourcaful fighters; the most difficult to subdue. John Clum disregarded all precedents of Indian management, and In three years tamed the much-heralded untamable.”
It 1» doubtful If he could have done that had It not been for the loyalty of his Indian police. How deep was that loyalty la shown by the fact that Sergeant Tauelclyee ■hot and killed hla own brother when that brother tried to murder the sergeant’s beloved "nan-tan" (chlef-agent). It was proved again when Clum v«as ordered to take the trail of Geronlmo’« hostile«, capture them atfd hold them for mut-der and robbery. »
It was a big order. It meant
marching on foot four hundred miles across the mountains and deserts of Arizona and New Mexico, almost to the Rio Grande. It meant out-smarting a cunning foe, who for years had defied capture. It meant achieving a task at which the military of two nations had failed.
John Clum carefully selected for his posse a hundred of his best Apache fighting men, made the long journey, trapped Geron-imo and his followers in the mountains near Ojo Caliente, N. M„ captured them all, marched them back four hundred miles to the San Carlos reservation.
“This was the only time Geron-imo was ever actually captured.
In later years on several occasions he voluntarily surrendered; he was forcibly captured only once. John Clum did the Job without bloodshed, without fanfare of trumpets. He riveted chains on Geronimo’s ankles and threw him into the guardhouse.”
More than that, John Clum favored hanging Geronlmo for the murderer that he was. But fate, in the form of official stupidity In Washington and politics, intervened to save the neck of the renegade leader. Soon after Clum’s capture of Geronlmo the bickering between the Indiah bureau and the War department over the question of handling the Apaches, plus “Arizona’s dirty polities of 1877,” brought about a crisis which resulted In Clum’s resignation. At the end of July, 1877, he bade good-by to San Carlos and his loyal Apache friends and moved to Tombstone, where his career as an editor and public official in that roaring began.
Geronlmo was released from prison, “pampered by the military, treated as a hero, made much of.” And the very next year he "Jumped the reservation” and started again upon a career of robbery and murder.
"If Geronlmo had been promptly hanged, that great eerlo-eomedy, known ae the ’Geronlmo Campaign’ (1881-1886) would havo been avoided; five hundred human lives and twelve million American dollar« would not have been sacrificed and the United Statee army would hav« been spared it» most Inglorious record of Indian warfare.”
Thousands of Americans know of Geronlmo, "balled by the newspapers as ‘the famous Apache chief,’ looked upon lees as a robber and murderer than a« a hero. JCsklmln-zln, Tauelclyee ... red men who always bad been loyal to the white man’s government, who had risked tbetr lives to protect their whits brothers . . . who has ever heard of them?”
Not many! Just as there haven’t been enough who have heard of
Original Bob Was Sawed
Off With Shark’s Teeth
Bobbed hair for women had Its American debut in Hawaii, according to Pan-Pacific Press bureau. In ancient times, native women wore theirs long. But a haircut was no such easy matters as nowaday». They sawed it off with a knife of sharks’ teeth.
Dr. Pierce’s Pellets are best for liv«rf bowels and stomach. One little Pellet for a laxative—three for a cathartic.—Adv.
Clothes don’t make the man—but the padding helps.
You’ve still got to climb the ladder of success. It’s no use waiting for the lift.
ApplyDr.Scholl’sZino-pads on any sensitive spots caused by shoe pressure or friction and you’ll have instant relief. They stop pain of corns, callouses and bunions; prevent sore toes, blisters; ease tight shoes. Get a box today. Sold everywhere. 254 and 354.
No Need to Suffer
“Morning sickness”—is caused by aa acid condition. To avoid it, acid must be offset by alkalis—such as magnesia.
Why Physicians Recommend Milnesia Wafers
These mint-flavored, candy-like wafers aza pure milk of magnesia in solid form— the most pleasant way to take it. Each wafer is approximately equal to a full adult dose of liquid milk of magnesia. Chewed thoroughly, then swallowed, they correct acidity in the mouth and throughout the digestive system and insure quick, complete elimination of the waste matters that cause gas, headaches, bloated feelings and a dozen other discomforts.
Milnesia Wafers come in bottles of 20 and 48, at 35c and 60c respectively, and ia convenient tins for your handbag contain-
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one adult dose of milk of magnesia, good drug stores sell and recommend them.
Start using these delicious, effective anti-acid, gently laxative wafer» today
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