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Logansport Weekly Journal (Newspaper) - October 20, 1883, Logansport, Indiana
The weekly vol. 35.loganspobt, Indiana. Saturday october 20, 1883.�?12 pages. No. 45. Í1the civil rights Bill. The supreme court of the United states on monday decided the civil rights Bill . We cannot agree with Many of oar contemporaries and especially with the Indianapolis journal in the position taken that the decision is a step backward in the March of civil Liberty. Rather we would prom once it the removal of what has grown to be a stigma on a member of on political organization and consequently to be received not with regret but with Joy by the coloured race. The fourteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United states empowers Congress to pass Laws preventing any state abridging the civil rights of any citizen White or Black. This amendment insures to the coloured Man a proper enjoyment of citizenship and a redress of his wrongs in the courts equally in All respects with the White Man. The decision of the court abolishes the penal character of a refusal to admit to juries Heaters Public conveyances �fee., but in no degree lessens the liability to respond in civil damages for such refusal. The civil rights Bill was passed to a protect the inferiority of color and it should be a matter of congratulation that this inferiority is no longer recognized on the statute books of the nation but that Side by Side with his White brother under the same Flag the coloured Man is to fight the Battles of life that civil rights Are no longer vouchsafed to one by Mere citizenship and to another by a nations Flat. The Civ rights Biu was a necessary act when it was passed. Its Wisdom at that time is unquestioned and it has been an Able Factor in the amelioration of the race but we candidly think we have outgrown it. In the Halcyon Days of childhood we were wont to Mark our artistic efforts with Quot this is a cow Quot Quot this is a horse Quot that the world might know what that object was with a leg at each Corker. And so in the Early Days of the coloured Man s citizenship the nation must needs put the stamp of manhood on his brow so that other nations looking at our Republic might read Quot this is a Man Quot and that other members of on body a politic might see it and act As towards fellow men and so the civil rights Bill was enacted. Under that Law the coloured Man has Ais Ned definiteness in out National character. His position has been Reco Gnim and a ii or a and the Mir lion b Jet �8 european correspondence. The bins of a Chest some. We have been in this City now one week and i am just commencing to realize what a mighty past this people is living amongst. I am forced to conclude from the evidence of what i see All around me that the majesty of the civilization of the nineteenth Century has been in Many was far surpassed by the still greater majesty of a civilization that existed Here two centuries before the Christian Era and for two centuries after it in those Days the epithet Quot i am a roman citizen Quot must have borne along with it a world of Pride to the person who could Lay claim to such distinction such As one of our Day can have but a faint Conception of the ancient City of Rome is now buried beneath the site of the present City in some places to the depth of Twenty or thirty feet dig Down where you will and sooner or later you will exhume portions of houses or temples or Public monuments some of which were Green with the Mould of age even at the time when Christ was upon this Earth. This has been done very extensively in some localities and is still being done. The italian government is to Day Clearing the rubbish away from a Street near the forum of Augustus not far from the Street where the apostle Paul lived while he was in Rome and upon whose pavement he doubt less trod Many a time. The houses of this locality with their Wall decorations and furniture can now be visited and viewed in precisely the same condition As when the great apostle saw them and touched and spoke of them to their occupants. In some of the houses time has worked so Little change that the Stone work and the paintings Are still fresh and Bright. On our Way to the Palatine Hill with its palaces and temples and Baths and its Many wonders of ancient Art we stopped for a Short time to visit the tabular cum built by the Consul Luta Tius b. C. 78, for the reception and Safe keeping of the state archives. These ruins Are very imposing and Are filled with relics and Odd looking underground passage ways which have not As yet been excavated. From the capital Hill to the ancient roman forum it is but a few Steps across a Little Valley which at one time was so Low and marshy that tar Quin in order to Drain it As Well As other parts of Rome built his celebrated Cloaca Maxima a covered Drain which is to this Day a till doing Good service. It was in this Tollow space to the of Ollie took place thin that Tom by ainu of the Ocolor race will consider to decision joyfully thank fal that the Are Peta Iitto by their own frugality and Energy to Maintien to Weir Independence and Seq taut without the invidious assistance of the civil rights Bill. Furthermore it is a Refie Tion on our boasted republicanism that civil Liberty is possible 03ly under penal Law. A hard fight next year. The new York Tribune says the Ohio election Means that the presidential contest of next year will be one of Peculiar earnestness. The great parties present the appearance of being so keenly balanced that a few hard blows May turn the whole scale one Way or the other. There will be no tidal wave unless some exciting cause now unforeseen arises. The Republican party will not have an easy Victory. On the other hand no shrewd politician will be Quick to assume that it is doomed to defeat. The party must prepare for the fiercest attack it has Ever withstood. The democrats will be so much encouraged by a showing better than Many of their own leaders expected that they will gather up All their strength for the struggle of next year. The civil service Law will not Check the party s ardor. One sweep of the Grimy democratic Paw will smear that off the statute Book and even if it would not there Are 48,000 Post offices to be had when the pillaging begins. It May be that the result in Ohio which it took More than Twenty for hours to ascertain will be a Blessing in disguise to the Republican party by dispelling the political apathy from which it h is been suffering. In Ohio and Iowa the stimulating influences of the prohibition question brought out a Large vote which without it would probably not have been seen. In Brooklyn the interest in mayor Low s re election Showe itself in an increased registration of nearly 13,000 thus far Over that for the corresponding number of Days when he first ran. Local causes like these seen to Rouse voters from t in lethargy into which they have fallen. But Here in new York where there is no Home excitement the first Day s registration shows a falling off of nearly 20 percent from the first Day of last year when so Many Reub Linaas stayed at Home. This is not the Way to carry new York nor to save the National government from falling into the hands of a hungry horde of goths and sandals. The Bewab Lioata defeat in Maine in september 1880 shared the presidential election by Star Faig the into a sense of its danger. Perhaps the Western elections will do a similar sen Rioe now. The been Lioan party needs Only to be aroused to Earry the country at any time. Thez women this Harp pesto lust at the Entrance to the forum and it was on this spot that Many of the most memorable scenes in roman history were enacted. They have now cleared away the rubbish from a Street of time honoured name that bounded the forum on one Side and which led to the capital the via Sacra or sacred Way it is called and which is paved with Marble and was very wide. Along this Way and bordering on the forum were at one time Many handsome shops. A number of Public buildings temples and monuments were also erected Here and of those still exist ing is the career Mamer Tinus or Well House which is in a Good state of preservation and so is the Temple of Saturn founded before Christ 491. We rested awhile Here in the Cool Shade and then went on to the Temple of Concord which was built to commemorate the end of the Long struggle Between the patricians and the plebeians. This Fine building is still in Good preservation and the altar of sacrifice is yet in its place. Afer crossing Over the forum to its South Side we ascended the Palatine Hill it was Here that the earliest habitations of the latins were built and in later Days the Nobles came to this Hill to erect their palaces and places of amusement. Its ruins Are amongst the most magnificent of those of Rome and it is Here that the visitor gets the Best idea of How the ancients lived and conducted their Domestic affairs. We were conducted to see a portion of the ancient Wall that was Long ago built around this Hill by Romulus. It was the first roman Wall and near it is a Small Nan which is what time has left of the hone of Romulus. Near this is the Stone facing with the inscription upon it of the Temple once upon mar s Hill at Athens Quot to the unknown god Quot from which the apostle Paul took his text in his Sermon to the athenian people. This was afterwards removed to Rome about seventy five years after the death of Constantine. I took a look into the rooms in which catiline and his conspirators held their meetings. The Good old roman historian Sallow has made the character of this Man familiar to every american school boy. His rooms look dark and cheerless enough to Day situated As they Are deep Down in an excavation. His name probably written by his Owa hands still to be seen upon the Wall of oae of his rooms. The emperor Augustus was bom a Pon the Palatine and he afterwards moved into one of the palaces of the Kingi which he greatly a lagged and beautified. Near this place a private House has been within the last few years discovered which most probably belonged to the family of Tiberius Claidius Nero and it was her that Livia the Mother of Tiberius retired after the death of Augustus Cesar. The differ ent rooms of this dwelling being in most excellent preservation make it especially worthy of a visit. The guide conducted is Down a pair of stairs which introduced us to a Large apartment with a mosaic floor. Here he pointed out to us a number of mural paintings finer in execution and preservation it is said than any that have been found in Pompeii. The subject of the first painting is la guarded by Argus while Mercury is quietly creeping up so As to Rescue her. It is very Good indeed and considering its great age being older than the Christian Era it is wonderfully distinct. One whole Side of a room is occupied in the description of an ancient Street scene in Rome idea Here Given of every Day life in ancient times is most vivid. In another chamber the Walls Are embellished with most Lovely garlands of Flowers which mrs. B. Pronounced to be the most exquisite specimens of foliage and blossoms she had Ever seen. Some strawberries seemed Ripe and delicious enough to drop into the Mouth. Here were also two Glass vases for fruits. Articles of furniture being of course of Wood had decayed and changed into dust Over a dozen centuries ago. In the Palace of Augustus we saw the Large circus which he used sometimes for gladiatorial contests and often for More peaceful kinds of games. Here were also his bath8,which were very Fine. Ascending a flight of stairs we reached one of his Large audience rooms and it was in this room that the apostle Paul appeared before Nero for trial. The place where the emperor sat and where the Humble apostle stood is still pointed out a magnificent addition to this Palace of Augustus was made by Caligula. It was from a spot on the top of this addition commanding a Fine View of the Baths of Caracalla and of those of Titus and of the coliseum that the inspiration seized the poet lord Byron which afterwards led to the production of Quot Childe the coliseum was built in the reigns of the emperors i Vespasian and Domitian and seated 90,000 spectators to witness the gladiatorial and other contest. It was built by captive slaves mostly jews from the Conquest of Jerusalem. When we were walking Over this immense Structure my mind carried me Back to Cassie Elaunus and other Noble britons who died Here and then still worse the Many thousands of poor christians who were slaughtered in this Arena. At the completion of the building hundreds of years. The Earth around was brought Long ago from Jerusalem and in it the order is buried each in turn when he Dies. Should the burial place become filled Shieh often happens then the Skeleton a has been longest undisturbed is taken up and pulled apart and arranged in the manner indicated. Root emulation of this scene fills one with Many a strange thought it reminds him of the mutability of this life and the certainty of the death to come. It declares to the ambitious Man to the greedy Man after this worlds goods to the proud and haughty Man How after All vanity and Sor Row and disappointment were the natural ends of human desires and Hopes How ultimately unless there is a higher Aad better Hope there is nothing but a Skeleton left. The pious brother who was on guide looked upon All this with the greatest complacency. For Many years he had lived and offered up his prayers in this place. Year by year As member after member of his brotherhood had gone be Ion him he had performed his part of plan them in the bosom of Mother Earth and in due process of time had divided Thair Bones to build new pyramids and construct fresh roses. Quot and you Quot i ventured to say Quot will the time come when you will be dealt with after this fashion r Oyes he said As a smile illuminated his face Quot i could not rest if i were not placed away to sleep with the others of my a fear order. There is nothing odious in All this that you see. We Are All together Here after death As we were before it in one Community. No part of us is lost god can Call All these pieces together again when he desires. It is the precious soul that never Dies that should engage on attention and it is for it that we should Pray. As for this poor body after death the it sooner it is resolved into the elements from which it came into the fresh pure air of heaven and into the Sweet particles of Earth the i bade the dear pious Little Man Good Bye feeling that indeed he had conquered this world with its vanities and that now there was nothing left but prepare himself for the next. A pleasant ride in one of the easy Riding carriages Peculiar to this country brought is outside the Boundary of the City to the catacombs. In reaching this spot we had an excellent Opportunity of investigating one of the ancient planking towers with who the roman Wall was depended. The masonry is of the most massive pro Poi ions and is pot to it ther in the most the inaugural ceremonies lasted an Hun wild animals we a be Issow we p9iuaarwt�t��nustsstfor washed and cleansed is a sort of Foumtain and its Ernst action is worthy a careful study. In a. D. 248 the emperor Philip Here celebrated the 1,000th anniversary of the foundation of Rome with games of the most extravagant description. The place where the wild animals were kept in the Days of Titus in the coliseum also the manner in which they were admitted to the Arena was very interesting. We took Carriage and visited Many other Noble ruins can Only speak of some of then. There was the Temple of Vesta the triumphal Arch of Titus the Basilica of Constantine the pantheon now a Church the Pyramid of Cains Custins built of Brick and covered with Marble b. C. 25, this magnificent Mon umut was erected upon the grave of Cestas the ride Over the App Ian Way brought up Many a old Story in ancient roman lore. Outside the Gates it is a Fine drive and gives a striking View of the old roman Wall and the Aqueduct. After we had Devo ted quite a number of Days to the ruins then we turned on attention to modern Rome. But i shall have to Reserve a description of this for another letter merely speaking in this of the Capuchin monastery the catacombs St. Peter s and the Vatican in visiting the burial vaults underneath the Capuchin monastery we had prepared ourselves for some strange sights but what we saw exceeded our anticipations. We were introduced into a succession of six Large apartments All dimly lighted and where Are arranged in All styles of fantastic decorations the Bones of five thousand departed capuchins. Triumphal Arches hand some Little houses Large and Small pyramids Are erected from Long and Short Bones of this brotherhood in a style that cannot but excite admiration for the marvelous manner in which they have been constructed. It is enough to make the flesh creep and cause the visitor to look sharply round for fear that some Mouldy ghost is not hobbling about at his Elbow. Hanging from the vaulting Are numerous empty Flower baskets made from fingers and toes. The fringe work is so intricate and Beautiful that it looks like Mechlin lace. Trailing vines filled with foliage and handsome roses Are arranged from the Long Bones of the Arm and leg and from the Small Bones of the wrist while the Teeth form the petals of the Flower. At intervals some brother of the order stands by his whole Skeleton together intact with dust covered Robe upon his Bones he seems to be keeping watch Over the Dis articulated parts of his comrades As if perhaps some of them might become Dis arranged. There these figures have stood and there these houses and pyramids and ornaments have rested this Many instance the Walls of Caesar s Palace in Many places Are from ten to fifteen feet in thickness. Nowadays a Wall of Twenty inches would be put up to secure the same ends. Near by this old Tower was the place where the gauls made one night in the darkness an attempt to scale the Walls and thus take the City by Surprise. Bat a few geese warned the defenders of their danger. It was also near this place that Hanibal the Carth genian general after a series of decisive victories Over the roman armies approached the Walls of Rome and endeavoured to effect a capitulation of the City but failed and for want of reinforcements was obliged to retire into the country where years afterwards he had to relinquish the successes he had gained. It is not necessary for me to enter into a history of the catacombs. My readers know All about them. I May merely state that the vast labyrinth of passage ways and rooms deep under ground which make up the catacombs were intended by the Early christians As burying grounds but later when the spirit of persecution arose then these subterranean retreats became places of Refuge where the devotees of the Cross and the resurrection could worship in safety until the troublesome times had passed. The narrow passage ways were of vast extent and were excavated one beneath another. As the rooms and hallways of a dwelling of several stories Are arranged one above the other so were these Little streets and Chambers and passage ways constructed one beneath the other four stories deep. This was rendered possible by the Peculiar nature of the soil it being dry and Light and spongy. The highest of these retreats lies Twenty five feet beneath the surface and the lowest seventy five feet. And when it is remembered that these excavations extended Over an area of 815 acres and that if it were possible to unite them in one continuous line their total length would be 645 English Miles then the Reader can form something of an estimate of their extent the usual height of these passage ways and rooms was about ten feet and As to Width there was great variation. Some of the larger Chaples having capacity for several hundreds while Many smaller Chambers did not probably measure More than ten feet Square. The viaducts were extremely torturous and often terminated in a Stair Way leading to the apartments Belov and Ware frequently so narrow As scarcely to admit of the passage of two persons while others War fully Twenty feet wide. A vary interesting feature of the catacombs is the door Akiva Art that was made Usa of to Render them no doubt As at Raatika As possible. Christain Art in origin would of course be but an application of ancient precepts to the new objects and Donee a tons introduced by the new religion. The paintings and sculpture Here Saan Are therefore in no respect different trom other specimens of Art of this period the frescoes Are elaborate and Tim pictures instead of possessing an historical tend nor Are used to illustrate purely some biblical subject. At a later period scenes of martyrdom were introduced. The great majority of the dictum that the visitor will see however Are Tho a that have for a subject the doctrines and Hopes of christianity Sueh As the resurrection typified by the raising of Lazarus or the goods Hepherd or the a9cension,or som of the miracles of Christ. And there is one thought that is always conveyed by these Early paintings namely the Pura fervid unselfish Devotion that must have inspired the christians of the first and second centuries. The idea is also conv Ejad that they loved their religion better than people do in this Day. On first entering the catacombs the air is Chilly and Damp and the apartments dim and repulsive but in a Little while our eyes having become habituated to the slender Light of one Candle we could a distinguish objects better an then we were More interested. In a Niche away to one Side Lay the Bones of some poor Stone in latin explained that he had been crucified in a. D. 108 because he would not give up his Skeleton had shrivelled very much Yac still after seventeen Hundred and seventy five years it was in very Good preservation. How Long after death we sometimes last much longer As a Rule than we Are remembered. After walking through Many rooms and Long passages we came to an apartment of greater pre mentions Here were some frescoes of the commence Manton the second Century. The Pictor of tha Good Sheperd was very Fina Bere also on a Stone column in Relief was tha representation of the martyrdom of St. Achilleus and in a Niche near the column Lay a Skeleton of a. D. 165, almost Totaj Dae Ayed except the red hair which still looked fresh. A Long Arrow Lay by him possibly he had been slain by it. Then the Guida took us a Long Way off to the Tomb of put Sixtus the second who was martyred in the catacombs in a. D. 258. Near Hera we Ware taken to a room which Onca a obtained tha Tomb of Saint Cecilia in tra Alawa. Tha Walls Wara adorned with a a to Mani a ill also Vara tha paint Iaia of aint Caeilia Saint Urban and a head of Chrisl in tha next room were two Sarcophagi still con Taining the remains of some who had died for their Faith. Some disrespectful visitor named Lucius Varro had scratched his name and the Date on both of these tombs. The Date was a d. 651, so by this we can see that the custom that the travelling Public now have of scratching their names in important places dates Back a Long while. While we were thus quietly pursuing on search in these old abodes of the dead an occurrence took place that startled is Little at first. Without warning a Man All covered with dust and in the greatest state of excitement rushed from some dark Way up to where we were standing. His eyes were in his hand he grasped the thigh Bone of some departed Christinn. This he swung Over his head As he voc iterated loudly and i thought at one time he was going to commit a assault upon As we were soon reassured of his peaceful intentions however and As he went on to explain himself in Good Engliski we found that he was a tourist and thinking that he would save the expense of a guide had provided himself with a Large Ball of twine and a Candle. The twine a had tied to a Post at the Entrance and unwinding it As he advanced he fancied it would give him a ready Means of return when he so desired. In this manner he had gone a Long Way into the catacombs and had carefully noted and made drawings of Many frescoes and pieces of sculpture that a had met with. In his enthusiasm he Forroi his guiding string the Ball of twine. Athirst he thought he could easily find it Bat after wandering about in search of it for a Long time he awoke to the realization that he was lost in an almost endless labyrinth of passages where he might wander for Days without Relief. Then on looking at his Candle he knew that it could Light him but a couple of hours longer and then he would be in total darkness. The thought was horrid. It goaded him almost to desperation. He called out for help at the top of his voice but was Only answered by the echoing Chambers around. In a fright he started to run but shortly tumbled Down a stairway that led to the Range of rooms below. In the fall he lost his Candle. Then he Felt his brain swim As if a madness was coming Over him. He tried to control himself and shortly after to his unspeakable Delight he found his Candle. Be lit it and then tried to locate the Plaza where he had lost his string. He hurried on through room after room no end to Tham. A Felt tha a cerium returning again when suddenly a found himself in a tary Large apartment which had evidently Baen sad for it orig away the Bones of the Early christians. In some places there were pyramids of skulls in other places the Long Bones were corded in piles and All a omd the room stood skeletons some of them with a few Rotten rugs still clinging to them. Thay grinned at him in horrid mockery and in his Dele rim he grinned let ack and made faces at them in reckless Defiance he Shook his fist at them and dared them to come on. He Felt himself becoming very angry and securing his Candle in a Hole upon a sort of Marble stand where it would not fall Down and go out he helped himself to the longest thigh Bone he could find and then made indiscriminate warfare upon the occupants of the chamber. The Bones of poor god serving men that had stood there in quiet for centuries were crushed and hurled hither and dense Cloud of dust arose. He Felt himself becoming weak As if he were going to fall and just As he landed a blow upon the head of a huge Skeleton he fell backwards and it fell Forward upon him and enclosed him in its embrace there he Lay thoroughly exhausted and overcome. After awhile he heard a noise and springing up he saw a huge Bat flying around. It had been attracted by the Light and came near extinguishing it. A look at his Candle admonished him How rapidly it was burning out and a feeling of self preservation induced him to seize it and to make another Effort to find his Way to the surface so he hurried on he knew not where until tha last Glimmer of his Light was gone when in the Black darkness he Sank Down on the ground exhausted and fell asleep and slept How Long he knew not. When he awoke he started to Grope his Way but Progress was very slow and he often ran against projecting portions of the Walls and bruised himself. All at once he heard the Welcome sound of voices and then he hastened As fast As he could in the direction of the sound and finally met us As i have already related. It is unnecessary to state that he was thoroughly Happy at once More seeing the Light of the Sun and i think i May safely say that he will never again enter the catacombs without a guide. As the Vatican the residence of the Pope is the largest Palace in the world so is St Peter s unquestionably the largest Church in the world. It is necessary to visit this grand Cathedral often and stay Long before a just appreciation of its size can but formed. From the High altar Steps to the door at tha Entrance of tha Nave is As far As from Slmaa Wuamett House to ,arhi�470 feat and the length of tha Trana Apt is 450 feet in front of the Binming is a Fine portico 234 feet Long 43 feet wide and 66 feet High surmounted by colossal statues of Constantine and Charlemagne this Church Cost of m ,000,000 in its building which extended Over a sign Ace of 175 years and during the reigns of Twenty eight Popes. Its magnificence inside is in keeping with its great size. There Are thirty altars and 148 Marble columns that have been discovered in the ruins of ancient Rome. The Beauty of these columns is beyond description. The floor is of inlaid Marble and the Brill Antlej gilded vaulting is supported by corinthian pillars and piers. The pictures on the different altars Are All roman mosaic work and Are All accurate copies of the great masters the originals of which Are in the Fine Art gallery in the Viii can. On Christmas Day in the year Charlemagne was crowned Here and in later years other potentates received the same Honor. In front of St. Peter s is a Hajje obelisk removed from Alexandria. It stands in St. Peter s Square which is 1110 feet Long by 840 in Width and is surrounded by imposing doric columns built by Bernini in 1667. While speaking of the Interior of St. Peters i should have spoken of the Fine canopy Over the grave of the apostle Peter who is buried Here. It is ninety five feet in height and was also made by Bernini. The Tomb is Sar rounded by ninety eve burning lights. The Vatican contains 11,000 Halls and rooms. Charlemagne once lived in it and since it has been the Perma ment residence of the Popes. In the sistine Chaple we saw some magnificent frescoes by Michael Angelo. The subjects were the creation the fall the deluge. On the altar Wall sixty four feet wide is Angelo s terrible and incomparable last judgment in the picture gallery the grand compositions by Rapheal Quot the transfiguration Quot and the Quot Madonna de Colegno Quot attract All eyes. So do the Sublime Painti Nii a of Domenichini of Titian Fra Angelo Guido and Murillo. The museum contains 1800 original pieces of sculpture dating from the most ancient times Down to the Modem masters. The original Laocoon is Here perhaps As effective a piece of sculpture As Ever came from the artist s chisel. So is the Quot Apollo we spent a whole Day in that part of the Vatican. Looking out of the windows we could see the Fine gardens of the Pope but he was not out in them. Bomar Samd a deity. Its people Are a nobler and anon Manly people than in Many other parts of Italy. Thay still Prida themselves in Baing Able to say Quot Waara romans Moora truly w. H. , sap tall or 20th, 1883
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