Page 3 of 10 Sep 1903 Issue of Defiance Weekly Express in Defiance, Ohio

See the full image with a free trial.

Start for Free
Want a high-quality poster of this page? Add to Cart

Read an issue on 10 Sep 1903 in Defiance, Ohio and find what was happening, who was there, and other important and exciting news from the times. You can also check out other issues in The Defiance Weekly Express.

Browse Defiance Weekly Express

How to Find What You Are Looking for on This Page

We use Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology to make the text on a newspaper image searchable. Below is the OCR data for 10 Sep 1903 Defiance Weekly Express in Defiance, Ohio. Because of the nature of the OCR technology, sometimes the language can appear to be nonsensical. The best way to see what’s on the page is to view the newspaper page.

Defiance Weekly Express (Newspaper) - September 10, 1903, Defiance, OhioPARIS OF AMERICA Mexico City Has Earned That Place and Title. The Mexican Metropolis Declared to Be a Jewel Set In the Crown of the Sister Republic of the United States. Mexico City has been called the Paris of America, and with good reason, surely. Mexico City is a jewel set in the crown of our sister republic; it does not shine with a light reflected from the great metropolis upon our eastern shore, nor does it pale in close comparison. It gleams alone undimmed and with a radiance peculiarly its own. Set upon a hood plateau, with the ever finow-crowned mountains standing as a sentinel, this lovely city commands as grand a view as is to be found in all the world. To the north a. never-ending chain of verdure-hung mountains, while to the south the glowing tints and volup-tous beauty of the deep valleys and tropic gardens lie dazzling in the golden sunlight. Here you will find the contrast of splendor and squalor, following the avenues of stately homes and pampered luxury will be the narrow alleys and swarming byways, the home of pestilence and crime. The aristocracy of Mexico is found among the descendants of the pure Castilian Spanish and, with the flowing Mantilla and coffers of gold, have come the hidden dagger, the slow smile and treacherous hand of the Indian. While you would miss the boulevard cafe of gay Paris, you will find its mate behind gorgeous gilded pillars and heavy hangings. Here, if you wish, a fine lobster the waiter will bring a huge platterful of the crimson monsters that you may have your choice and decide which shall be prepared for your delectation. A long drive, through overhanging branches of ancient trees, will bring you to the superb Tacubaya, the Monte Carlo of Mexico, night is the click of the wheel and the clashing of the dice. For the Mexican is WHITEHALL AS PARK Estate Willed to United States in Trust for Public. Heir* of Gen. Clay Will Contest Will and It Im Not Likely That Fine Kentucky Estate Will Ever Become a National Park. THE AMISH COSTUME. Women Still Wear Same Garb Worn by Their Ancestors Many Years Aero. In one of a half dozen separate wills left by Gen. Clay, and which have all been filed for probate in the county court of Madison county, Ky., the United States has been given the estate of Gen. Cassius M. Clay at Whitehall, which consists of 360 acres of fine land. It was his desire that it might become a national park, as is evident from the following provision in the will: “The Whitehall lands and fixtures of 360 acres shall remain, including houses, trees, etc., forever the same intact—finest natural pane on earth. WHITEHALL AS IT IS AT PRESENT. It shall be in fee simple the property of the United States of America in tri^st for the inhabitants of this earth. It shall be so long under the care of my executors as may be deemed best by the federal government, and then be under their direction and support in the purposes of this legator.” The costume** in vogue to-day among the Amish people are precisely the same as those worn by the founders of their faith who came over to this new country many generations ago. And their costumes are indicative of all their lives. A still primitive settlement Un New Holland, Lancaster county, Pa., | they have kept their simple ways in-I tact and separate from the great, rest-' less, seething world about them. In-i dustry and frugality are cardinal vir-I tues with them, and it is a sin to mar-| ry outside of the faith, says the Independent. Our preachers are not paid, but are I selected by lot. One of six books is | marked and then all are distributed to six waiting men. lf the one on whom I the lot falls finds after some months’ , effort that he is not qualified for the duty, he is then permitted to retire in favor of another. The office is one rarely sought and as rarely declined. We I have only “meeting houses,” never churches, and, the ideal is to hold services in the homes of the brethren, and have no special building set apart for warship. Our children now attend public school where at first they were regarded as objects of great curiosity on account of their dress, but they nowr do not excite the slightest comment. The children call their parents by their Christian names, but the discipline observed in an Amish family would put the average American youngster to blush, nevertheless. The'daily bill of fare is very simple. Ham and eggs, scrapple, bean soup, trout from the brook, apple butter, etc., are among the “standbys.” Coffee was once considered a luxury among the Amish, but that time is past. The mixture of Hollandish and South German dialects is slowly disappearing, and many of the Amish now speak English. Buttons are a thing eschewed. Hooks and eyes take their place, even on the overcoats of the men. The THE DOVE AND THE ANT. ABOUT PATENT LEATHER. Many of the Processes of Its Manufacture Are Guarded Very Carefully from the Public. BLOCK AND TACKLE. Convenient Apparatus for Lifting Heavy Loads with Comparatively Small Power. In the following section he provided for the maintenance of the park by I smallest children dress almost exactly setting aside “my coal mines in Clay Here all day and all j county, Ky., bought of Eli Bowlin, near Manchester, about 300 acres sired that they be controlled into a company and work to the end of supporting the park. But it is very doubtful if the United States ever secures control over the estate, for the children of Gen. Clay have entered contest of the will and will maintain that their father was of unsound mind for several years before his death, embracing the period marked by his marriage to Dora Richardson, the 14-year-old girl from his kitchen, aud beginning at the time that he shot a aegro servant who disobeyed him. On the other hand, friends of the old anti-slavery advocate say that if he was insane in the later years of his life he always was mad. It was a mad freak, they said, which made up his mind to talk against slavery to the southern planters, after hearing William Lloyd Garrison lecture at Yale. He was in many fights and duels before he issued a challenge to the world to come and try to take him out of Whitehall. He never attempted a more dangerous thing, however, than editing “The True American,” an abolitionist paper, in Lexington about 60 years ago. This is the way he fortified himself for it, according to his own account: “I selected for my office a brick building and lined the outside doors with sheet iron to prevent them being burned. I purchased two brass four-pounder cannon at Cincinnati and placed them, loaded with shot and nails, on a table breast high. I had folding doors, secured with a chain, which could open upon the mob and give play to my cannon. I furnished my office with Mexican lances and a limited number of guns. There were six or eight persons who stood ready to defend me. If defeated, they were to Find the Archer’s Companion. An Ant, going to a river to drink, fell in, and was carried along in the stream. A Dove,    observing the accident, and    pitying her condition, threw into the river    a small bough, which she hastily    plucked from    a friendly tree growing    by the brink of the stream,    and    by means of    which the Ant gained the shore. The Ant, upon another occasion, seeing a hunter with his fowling piece aiming at the Dove, who had rendered her such timely service, stung the man in the foot sharply, and made him miss his aim, and so saved the Dove’s life. MORAL—One good turn deserves another, and gratitude is excited by so noble and natural a spirit, that he ought to be I ooked upon as the vilest of creatures who has no sense of it. COLLEGE BOY HARVESTER. THE WHITE HOUSE OF MEXICO. an inveterate gambler, and everything is decided by the destiny of chance. A most charming trip may be taken to the floating gardens by way of La Viga canal. Here you glide gently along, propelled by the long pole which your gondolier thrusts deftly against the bank or some neighboring craft. You meet long, shallow canoes loaded to the water’s edge with great masses of flowers. Thousands of poppies, armsful of roses, orange blossoms that scent the air for rods on either side. It is a sight never to be forgotten. During the morning you will find the streets and the shops crowded writh gayly dressed shoppers, carriages blocking the streets in front of a fashionable church, while the flower market does a thriving business for cavalier or mantled lady. Right in the center of the city lies the lovely Alameda, the queen of parks or plazas, with broad stretches of velvet green, orange and magnolia trees spreading their fragrance over the promenades. Here are great fountains and magnificent statuary, while on each side run broad avenues of smooth asphalt, and shining clean. One of these avenues passes between blocks of handsome buildings, until turning suddenly it widens to twice its width, and starting from that magnificent bronze statue of Charles IV., becomes one of the most famous drives in the world, the Paseo de la Reforma. This magnificent stretch of promenade Is nearly three miles long, bordered on each side by fine statues of unforgotten heroes. Every once in a while it widens Into an immense circle, to admit of a large and splendid monument and statue. This drive ends at the park and castle of Chapultepec, the pride of Maxmillian. No place in the world is there a spot to compare with this princely domain. Hewed from the rock is the bath of Montezuma standing like guardians in a row are countless mammoth cypress trees, the growth of centuries, and above all, on the crown of a flower-wreathed, rocky eminence, is the fairy castle of Maxmillian’s bride. It would take pages to describe the objects of interest and beauty in this city of the Aztecs. The government pawn shop, the grand old cathedral, second only to St. Peter’s in Rome, Guadalupe, the Mecca of all the faithful; the art galleries, the museums, all the hundred and one objects of interest and delight that unite in making this lovely city one of the finest, most interesting and most progressive of any of the places to be found in travel and research. *.    ANNA    H, CLARK. as do their elders, the little girls in plain, straight gowns and poke bonnets and He de- j the boys in suspenderless trousers and flat crowded, broad-brimmed hats. We do not take oaths, but we affirm, wThich, in a court of justice or the court of conscience, answers the same purpose. Brethren are now allowed to hold mortgages, but must not carry judgment notes. The theater and worldly pleasures generally and liquor selling in particular are sternly discountenanced. Yet while extremely rigid with ourselves, wre are liberal with those beyond the pale. While we have no ritual, in some minor things we may seem a little overparticular. For instance, I have known a committee of Amish elders to remain in session for more than two hours debating whether the bonnet strings of the women should be an inch or an inch and a half in width. As to labor, there is an equal division between men and women. Women at times work in the fields if their household duties do not occupy their entire time. We rise with the daybreak and retire at dusk, or shortly after. Summer for me is a time of incessant toil. I think I do not have an idle half hour in an entire day. If there is a spare moment, it is utilized in putting an extra polish on the parlor furniture or in adding another touch to the kitchen. In the fall of the year we work, but we also indulge in some little harmless recreations. Occasionally there is a husking, a quilting bee, or a hog-killing party—times of hilarit y and sweet flirtations for the younger members of the community. Sauerkraut making at that season of the year is also a great function, as they say of the grand receptions in the cities. My husband almost owns the farm now, after ten years of unremitting toil. The mention of the farm reminds me that my entire life as girl and woman, with the exception of a few years at the Lutheran seminary, has been spent on a farm. Our income is small, but our needs are few, and at the end of every harvest my husband is able to put a small surplus—from $100 to $200—in the savings bank for a rainy day. We are | happy and contented with this simple yet busy life. WOULD WEAR WIDOW’S WEEDS. Blisters His Paws and Receives a Bill from Big-Handed Milkmaid. BASEBALL FOR CONVICTS. Tile Game Is Found to Improve the Conduct of Prisoners in Massachusetts. Bed-Ridden Wife Who Was Bound to Wear Mourning: in Bonnet. a Imitating Mamma. “This is your little girl, is it?” asked the lady. “Yes,” replied the father, with some pride. “How much she takes after her -mother! How old are you, dear?” continued the lady. “Tell the lady your age, Elsie,” said the father. “I wouldn’t be like mamma if I did, papa!” came from the mouth of the observant child.—Yonkers Statesman. The Secret Out. “Why is it,” asked the Ludlow youth, *‘that of all the people who come to you for advice, none ever appear to go away dissatisfied?” “Twit’s easily explained,” answered the Cumminsville Sage. “When a man comes to me for advice I find out what kind he wants, and give it to him.”—Cincinnati Enquirer. A Backwoods Product. Mrs. De Style—I never saw such a countrified thing as that Mrs. Nextdoor. Mr. De Style—What’s the matter with her? Mrs. De Style—She always dresses according to the weather.—N. Y. Weekly. In Doubt. His Wife’s Mother—You must think I want to quarrel— He—Oh! I didn’t know whether you wanted to quarrel or whether you’d rather have your own way without Quarreling.—Puck._ ENTRANCE TO WHITEHALL ESTATE. escape by a trap door in the roof, and I had placed a keg of powder, with a match, which I could set off and blow up the office and all my invaders; and this I should most certainly have done in case of the last extremity.” Whitehall, which has oeen willed to the public, is a large two and a half story building of brick and in a grove of beautiful evergreen trees. There are forty-two rooms, but only three or four of the rooms on the first floor are furnished. The main parlor and hall hold many rare relics of Gen. Clay’s strenuous life. There are immense vases and gorgeous rugs, divans and chairs, all bought by Gen. Clay in St. Petersburg when he was minister to the court of St. James, and sent to his wife at Whitehall. There are also bowie knives and revolvers and guns of various descriptions that he used in the army and in his various fights and duels. Relic hunters from all parts of the country are already inquiring for these things, and when they are offered for sale the competition for them will be exceedingly J*sen. The house is just as it was when Gen. Clay died, and nothing may be done until the legal battle in the courts result in the final disposition of the estate. The mansion, although in good repair on the outside and well preserved within, is too large for a modern residence, and it is doubtful if it is ever used as a private residence. Gen. Clay occupied one room, and in this he died in the midst of only strangers, his faithful bodyguard, “Jim” Bowlin, who had been with him for 14 years, and “Joe” Perkins, who for many years had administered to his wants. Ko Trouble at All. “My son,” said the irate parent, “I am surprised, mortified and amazed to find that you stand at the foot of the class. I can hardly believe it possible.” “Why, father,” replied the son, “it is the easiest thing in the world.”—Stray Stories. Haxh and the Three Graces. “This hash,” said the star boarder, “reminds me of the three graces.” “Oh,” replied the delighted landlady; “in what way?” “One is foolish to tackle it without faith, hope and charity.”—Chicago Record-Herald. His Views. First Politician—Don’t you think an officeholder should support the party? “Of course. If he doesn’t, he ought to lose his job for pernicious inactivity.”*— Brooklyn Life. “My first church,” says a certain eloquent and greatly beloved Washington clergyman, according to the Post, “was in a small country town, and before I learned the hearts of my parishioners, their ways used to upset my gravity at the most inopportune time. I shall never forget the first funeral at which I officiated. It was that of a man who had been stricken down in the prime of life, leaving a widow, who had been an almost bed-ridden invalid for years. The services were conducted at the home of the deceased, and when I appeared I was told that the widow was too ill to leave her bed, so, in order that she might hear my discourse, I was asked to stand near a half-open door which led into her bedroom. I had admired the dead man for his sturdy Christian qualities, and every word of the eulogy I delievered came straight from my heart. As I went on with my talk I suddenly remembered the widow, and turned toward her door in order that she might hear better. I had not seen her, but as I looked toward her room my eyes fell on her, and for full half a minute I was obliged to bury my face in my handkerchief. She was lying in bed, her arms in their white cambric sleeves stretched out on the counterpane, and on her head was a new mourning bonnet, with a long crepe veil. She was not able to be dressed, but wear a widow’s bonnet she could, and did. “My first wedding, too, was an event long to be remembered,” went on the same clergyman. “It was performed at my house, and the bride and bridegroom were perfect strangers to me. She was fully six feet tall, and broad in proportion, while his head reached scarcely to her shoulders as they entered the room. I learned afterward that she was extremely sensitive about the disparity in their sizes, and I had good reason to believe it, for, as they came forward to take their places, and the witnesses began to come in, the bridegroom paused and moved a chair forward. The bride looked at me in great embarrassment. Then she seated herself resolutely. “ ‘I’m feeling faint,’ said she. ‘If you don’t mind, I think I’ll take it sitting.’ “And with as much gravity as I could muster, I married her sitting.” A Mere Detail. Mrs. Strongmind (about to start with the picnic party)—Let me see—here are the wraps, here’s the lunch basket, here’s the opera-glass, and here’s the bundle of umbrellas. I think we’ve got everything, and yet—children, we haven’t forgotten anything, have we? Husband and Father (standing meekly at the horses’ heads)—Shall I get in now, my dear? “Why, to he sure, James. I knew there was something else!”—London Tit-Bits. One of the college boys who went to the western Kansas harvest fields writes to a friend an account of his experiences, says the Kansas City Journal. “Well, it isn’t what it is cracked up to be, and Harold would have confessed himself all in and come home to mamma inside of two days after starting if he hadn’t been worse afraid of the joshing of you fellows than of the blistered paws. Speaking of blistered paws, ifs no joke. Before night the first day I had puffs all over my hands, and that «iight the fat dame of the household stuck needles into ’em, and tapped me until I ran water like a hydrant. But the old boy was good to me, and for j two days he kept me choring around, hauling water, helping the fat dame cook and playing the baby generally. Then I tacked the header boxes again for ten days straight and I really got to liking it. But say, Willie, don’t you believe that story about a shortage in the world’s bread crop. I know better, for I pitched enough of the blamed stuff to make two crops of world’s breadstuff. “And, Willie, there’s another thing you can disabuse your festering intellect of. You can’t spoon with these country girls with the joyous freedom that you read about. We have a rolypoly girl here who doesn’t wear corsets and who don’t care how much sock she displays when she kicks at the cat. I kissed her the other night. I won’t do it any more. If I want exercise of a rapid kind I will go out and ground an electric light wire through my handsome person. She whacked me on the side of the head with a fist like a ham, and don’t you doubt it, Willie, she meant every word of it. “I get $2 a day and ‘found.’ ‘Found’ means that the old man comes to your downy couch at three o’clock in the morning and, finding you asleep, whoops you out to feed the horses. By the time the horses are fed we are called to breakfast. Did you ever eat pie at breakfast? Well, we have pie for breakfast every other morninfg. It sems to be the idea out here if you have pie you can’t complain at any other indignity. And every pie we have had so far is made out of raisins. Now don’t get it into your head that raisins won’t make good pie. They do. “After breakfast we hie us away to the field and cut wheat until the fat dame waves a tablecloth out of the window to tell us that dinner is ready. Then we eat and go out and cut more wheat, and the old boy keeps us at it until it gets too dark to see. But, Willie, the way you can sleep after you have had a day like that! You can go dead—that’s all about it. “I figure that I will get home with about $30 to the clear. The old boy says that he will give me $25 a month to stay and plow, and a thrasher man offers ,$1.50 a day and ‘found’ if I will work for him. But $30 is capital enough for Harold. I am not grasping or sordid. “(P. S.—I had a heart-to-heart talk with the roly-poly girl last evening. She said I ought to be ashamed of myself for kissing her in the house where the fat dame might see. If it wasn’t for school taking up I believe I’d tackle that job of plowing.)” In the Massachusetts state prison at Charleston Warden Bridges has introduced ball playing as a means of discipline among the convicts and is much gratified with the results, says a recent report. Not only has the game given the prisoners relaxation from cell life and the workshop, but it has afforded a diversion for their minds, a breath of fresh air and a look at the blue heavens above. And not the least result of all is the improvement in the discipline. No unruly prisoner can participate in the game and many a man naturally fractious has been “good” just for the chance to go out in the prison yard and play a game of baseball. Next to a pardon or an expiration of sentence, permission to play ball or see a ball game is the greatest boon that can be conferred upon any prisoner. To be deprived of the privilege of being a player or spectator is the greatest punishment a prisoner can receive. He had much rather go into “solitary” than lose a game of ball. The inmates have two nines, called this year the Resolutes and the Hustlers, and they play every fair weather Saturday from May to October. Every player is a prisoner, and the umpires are likewise inmates. The league rules are followed strictly and the umpire is obeyed. In fact, the absence of “kicking” among the Charleston prisoners shows them in an enviable light in comparison with some of the players seen on the league grounds. The two teams play for championship honors, and every game is “written up” for the prison paper, the Mentor. Ground rules naturally prevail, owing to the smallness of the prison yard, but there is room enough for 200 spectators, all prisoners. Some have seats and others who stand are called “the bleachers.” The games are played with just as much zeal, earnestness, enthusiasm and cheers as any professional game, q*id some of the playing is really professional in its quality. In fact, one of the leading pitchers is an old Boston league pitcher. The experiment has proved so successful that Gen. Bridges will maintain it. This is one of the many sensible things that he has introduced into prison life, and he deserves credit for it. Gen. Bridges’ work at Charlestown is attracting attention beyond this state, and it is practical, sensible innovations such as this which make him an ideal man for such a place. Patent leather has become a feature in the leather world, and its making has assumed considerable proportions hereabouts. Peabody is probably the largest patent leather manufacturing place in the country, though Newark, N. J., and vicinity probably make more real and imitation patent leather. All manufacturers have their own tanning processes, much like those of the calfskin tanner, though some patent leather is given a bark tanning. Horse hide and colt skins are the chief leathers made up with a patent finish, and the process of producing the glossy surface is most interesting. The patent or enamel finish is really painted and baked on, as the bicycle manufacturer paints and bakes enamel onto a frame. Tanners are very particular about keeping their processes a secret, and nobody but workmen are ever allowed into the finishing rooms. Painters are especially kept far from the work rooms. It is said that the workmen have to drink much beer on account of the chemicals with which they work, and the heat of the baking ovens. The hide or skin having been stretched and dried as much as possible, is first given a coating of a mixture of linseed oil, litharge, white lead or similar materials, boiled together until they make a pasty mixture. This is daubed on the surface with a steel tool, and well rubbed in so that the pores of the leather will be filled up. Then the leather is put-into the oven, its surface being exposed to steam pipes at a temperature of about 160 degrees. It takes about half a day for this finish to set. Next, the surface is rubbed down with pumice stone, and then it is covered with linseed oil and ivory black, about six layers being applied, each layer being dried and rubbed down. Finally a varnish is applied, and then the surface is rubbed down and finished off as nicely as a painter finishes a fine carriage. The final gloss is brought out by exposure to the sun. It is a peculiar fact that Old Sol brings out a better finish than can any artificial drying or baking process. Manufacturers of high-grade patent leather test every skin before shipping it. The test is made by folding the hide or skin 'at any point seized at random into a double V. This V is hammered with a mallet. If the finish cracks, the skin is rejected, and if It does not crack, the leather is sent to the shoe manufacturer. A patent finish is on a smooth surface and an enamel on a boarded. Japan or lacquer leather is the same as patent. A “boarded” surface is a surface whose grain is raised by roughing it up with a piece of board.—Newport News. MOTOR VERSUS CARRIAGE. Familiar as many people are with I block and tackle, it is not everyone who understands the principle on which that apparatus works, or why any advantage can be derived from its use. Hence, a short explanation is permissible, says the New York Tribune. It may be explained, to begin with, that the chief benefit comes from a multiplication of pulleys. If only one pulley be used, there may be some increase of convenience, but nothing is gained in power. Suppose, for instance, that from a point above and outside an open window be secured a single pulley, over which a rope is run, so that both ends touch the ground. Let a heavy object be attached to one, and let a man pull down on the other. If the object weighs more than the man, he cannot start it. It it weighs less, he can. For every one foot of descent at his end, the attached burden will ascend exactly the same distance. The lifting force exerted on it is equal to the pulling force at the other end; that is, theoretically. This may be a handier way to manage the load than lf the man was up in the window and tried to raise the same load by a rope running straight downward to the latter. But, after all, there is no gain in power. Now imagine a different arrangement —that shown in the diagram. Suppose there are two pulleys, one above and one below. Let the weight (W) be attached, not to the end of the rope, but to the block containing the lower pulley. Let one end of the rope be secured to the lower end of the upper block, and put the other end (P) in the man’s hands. With these two pulleys he can raise near- T„ Defiance Societies MASONIC. Hall—Corner First and Olin ton StrM Third Floor.) DEFIANCE COMMANDRY No. 80, K. regular conclave second Friday of « month.    R. W. WORTMAN, S. Q. A. VIERS. Recorder. OC-CO-NOX-EE COUNCIL No. 55 R. A flu M., regular assembly third Friday of assi month.    L.    H. DAVIS, T. I. M. E. J. PHELPS, Recorder. EN-SA-WOO-SA CHAPTER. No. 99 R. A. M., stated convocation tlrst Frldav of —eh month. W. H. MCCLINTOCK, BL P. A. VIERS, Secretary.    . TU-EN-DA-WIE LODGE. No. IWF. A A. ML, stated communications first and Wednesday evenings of each month. E. J. PHELPS, W. A. VIERS, Secretary. OMFGA LODGE, No. 564 F. A A.M.*stataA sominunicattons second and fourth W*A-aesday evenings of each month. GEO. S. MAY, Jr., W. IC* I ROY WEBB, Secretary. ODD FELLOWS. FT. DEFIANCE LODGE. I. O. O. F. NA* !84, meets each Friday evening. Hall— Lewis block, 8. W. corner Clinton aaA Third streets—third floor. OSCAR SMITH, Noble Grand. W. T. YOUNG, Secretary.    | KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. W. S. HANCOCK LODGE, K. cf P- Ha 307. Meets each Monday evening. Hall— N. W. corner Clinton and First street^ third floor.    C.    J.    DAOUST,    O. OL G. D. EDGAR, K. of R. A S. Knights and Ladles—Maccabee*. FORT DEFIANCE TENT, No. 156, X. Ob T. M. Meets each Tuesday evening. Hall— Lewis block—S W corner Cllnto; Third streets—third floor. KARL MAY, Commander. WM. GILSON, Record Keeper. AUGLAIZE HIVE, L. O. T. M., No. ML Meets each Wednesday evening. Hall— Lewis block—S. W. corner Clinton aa# Third streets—third floor. KATHERINE SITES, L» OL EMMA TRY, Record Keeper._ NATIONAL UNION. ANTHONY WAYNE COUNCIL, N. UL No. 88. Meets second and fourth Tuesday evenings of each month. Music hall—this# door—Second street. EDWARD CHESLER, President L. E. DAOUST. Recording Secretary. O. W. DAOUST, Financial Secretary. RED MEN. GRAND GLAIZE TRIBE, I. O. R. BL, No. 17*2. Meets each Thursday evening Diehl block—Clinton street—second floor, WM. CROSSLAND, Bach* FRED A. SCHLOSSER, C. of R. Scientific Armament in Favor of An* toinobile Supported by Authentic Diagram. Persons disposed to call In question the easy-riding qualities of automobiles ; have their opinions disputed by the fol-! lowing from Automobil-Welt, as trans-: lated for Popular Mechanics: “There is the motor in me front of the machine, with its easy, elastic vibrations. The vehicle itself swings with it, •—la. SPEAKS LOUDER THAN WORDS. (Relative Ease of Travel in a Carriage and j first in one direction and then Automobile.) WEALTH IN MAINE SWAMP. Former Tramp Finds Material Sufficient to Make a Good Income. Death to the Coyote. The coyote has small chance for life in the territories. It is hunted upon all occasions, and by devious and sundry methods. As the cowboy careers along the plains he pops at it with his six-shooter. The wise ranchman has a shotgun or rifle hanging in a convenient place awaiting the appearance of a coyote near the ranch house. The hunter of more choice game never misses a shot at a coyote, while there ara professionals who do little else but pursue it from one year’s end to another. Besides, there are organized hunts inaugurated in settled communities for both pleasure and profit, when a large scope of the country is swept clean, and the coyotes falling into the meshes of the hunt are dispatched, and their skins tanned for rugs and doormats.—Indianapolis News. Single Eyeglasses Hurtful. The single eyeglass is injurious. It throws all the work on one eye. It destroys the harmony of the optic muscles and nerves. A certain Englishman has worn, for a myopic affection, a monocle in his left eye for 12 years. The left eye is all right, hut with the other the man can see practically nothing. Joseph Chamberlain wears his monocle in either eye, alternately, and his son does the same thing. The habit of the monocle continues to live among the English swells.—Philadelphia Record. Five years ago Bob Carley came to this town as a tramp too ill to travel. After recuperating he spent the winter in cutting and shaving hoop-poles, earning a living and having ten dollars coming to him in the spring, says a Glenburg (Me.) report. With this money he bought ten acres of alder-grown hoop-pole swamp and began to burn rough alder wood into charcoal, which he sold in Bangor. He used the crooked sticks for making rustic lawn furniture—settees, chairs and rude swings—all of which found quick sales among the summer visitors who owned cottages. Later in the season he reaped tons of cattail flags, the leaves of which are used by coopers for chinking in between their new barrel staves, and which sqld for $60 a ton, ten times the price of ordinary meadow hay. The next winter he again turned his energies to making hoop-poles. Owing to the rapid growth of the alders he learned that the sprouts would grow from the size of a lead pencil to four and five inches in diameter and be fit for cutting in ten years. By dividing his land into ten lots, each containing an acre and cutting off one acre every year, he could keep up a succession of fuel and charcoal for all time. but so softly that you don’t notice it unless it stands still. When going, these vibrations actually reduce the shocks from a rough road, which, with a horse-drawn wagon, hit the body suddenly and harshly, throwing it from one side to another, hard and rude, even if the wagon has good springs. The motor vehicle has not only good springs, but also a lower center of gravity, besides pneumatic tires, by all of which the shocks are much softened. And what still remains of irregular jolting is bridged over and smoothed out by the soft, undulating and uniform vibrations of the motor. You can imagine that you are sitting in a boat gliding over a rippling, slightly moved surface.” The relative ease of travel in a carriage and automobile, as set forth by the writer, is shown in the accompanying diagrams, of which the upper indicates the jolting motion of the carriage and the lower the relatively smooth motion of the automobile. FOR LIFTING HEAVY LOADS. ly twice his own weight. To lift the load one foot he must pull two feet of rope, and he must work twice as long as before. In all mechanical devices of this sort, what is gained in power must be compensated by extra time and distance. For the sake of simplicity, the drawing shows only a single pair of pulleys, one in each block. It often happens that there are two or three pairs, two or three pulleys in each block, but only one rope being used. Such an arrangement gives much more power. A single pair doubles (or nearly doubles) the power, two pairs will quadruple it, and three pairs will • multiply it sixfold, or nearly so. With four pulleys, two in each block, the man must pull down four feet of rope to raise the weight one foot; and with six pulleys, three in each block, he must pull down six feet to lift it the same distance. Allowance must be made for the friction of the pulleys in their bearings in the blocks. No matter how good the construction there must be some loss of power from that cause. Possibly this item may be small, say, not over one-tenth or one-twentieth of the power expended. Still, it must not be overlooked. The foregoing principles apply equally. whether the power applied at P be derived from a man, horse or a steam engine. The advantage comes from a multiplication of pulleys, and what is gained in one way is lost in another. For loading and unloading steamers the block and tackle has the added convenience that it may be suspended from the end of a moveable boom, which may be swung n the other. Thus lateral as well as vertical transportation is made possible. This other convenience, however, results from the boom, or derrick, not from the block and tackle. CAN PLANTS REASON? Prof. Shaler Thinks They Have Soma Intelligence and Gives Reasons for His Opinion. GREATEST CLOCK IN WORLD. Is Be in pr Made for the St. Louis Exposition—-Timepiece Will Have Dial 120 Feet in Diameter. The greatest clock in the world, the dial of which will be 120 feet in diameter, is being built at Milwaukee, Wig., for use at the Louisiana Purchase exposition next year, and it is declared that it will prove one of the most interesting features. Only the hands and machinery are being made, for the dial is to be a brilliant bed of flowers. The clock will be placed on the side of the hill north of the agrcultural building. The minute hand will be 60 feet long, and the ring at the end, which will be fastened to the machinery, will be eight feet in diameter, large enough to hold 12 men easily. A hundred persons might promenade on this hand without interfering with the movements of the time- That plants have intelligence is maintained in a thesis by Prof. Shaler, of Harvard university. After discussing the automata, he says: “We may accept the statement that our higher intelligence is but the illuminated summit of man’s nature as true, and extend it by the ©bservation that intelligence is normally unconscious, and appears as conscious only after infancy, in our waking hours, and not always them.” In summing up the professor uses the following sentences: “Looking toward the organic world in the manner above suggested, seeing that an unprejudiced view of life affords no warrant for the motion that automata anywhere exist, tracing as we may down to the lowest grade of the animal series what is fair evidence to actions which we have to believe to be guided by some form of intelligence, seeing that there is reason to conclude that plants are derived from the same primitive stock as animals, we are in no condition to say that intelligence cannot exist among them. In fact, all that we can discern supports the view that throughout the organic realm the intelligence that finds its fullest expression in man is everywhere at work.” ROYAL ARCANUM. DEFIANCE COUNCIL, R. A., JTe, Meets first and third Mondays of month. Hall—N. W. corner Clinton rhird streets—second floor. W. A. KEHNAST, Reg. PETER DICKMAN, Secretary. Knights and Ladles of Columbia. EUREKA COUNCIL K. A L. of C.. ST* 55. Meets each Tuesday evening. Hall—NI W. corner Clinton and Second streets—thing floor.    AMOS    EWING,    Counselor. WM. STEWART, Scribe. FEDERAL LABOR UNION. DEFIANCE FEDERAL LABOR UNIOJi No. 10474. Meets each Monday evenlngl Schultz hall—Clinton street. ED. F. DIRR, President \ FRED ZOLLERS, Secretary.    I THE ELKS. HT, loci Meets each Thursday evening. Elk par] —Clinton street—second floor. WM. BOHANNON, E. B» PETER SEIBLE, Secretary. GRAND ARMY REPUBLIC. BISHOP POST, No. 22, G. A. R. Mott* sech Tuesday evening In Memorial hall— Clinton street. GARDNER DABNEY, Command**. L. E. BEARDSLEY, Adjutant. WOMEN’S RELIEF CORPS. BISHOP CORPS, No. 247, W. R, G, Meets second and fourth Thursday after* noons of each month, at 2:30, in Memorial hall, Clinton street. MARY BELL, President. ANNETTE WELLER, Secretary. DAUGHTERS OF VETERANS, HANNAH BOUTELLE CAMP. No. Meets each Wednesday evening at Memo: hail, Clinton street. ZADIE LEE, President. NORA SEIBLE, Secretary. A UNION VETERANS. PHELPS Command, No. 4, U. V. Meets Friday evenings of each week In u. V. U. hall—N. W. corner Clinton and Thlra streets. M. ti. ASHTON, Commander. R. C. HALL, Adjutant. W. V. R. U, Ladles Auxiliary to Phelps Command No. 4; meets each Friday ait*** noon at *2 p. rn., in U. V. U. hall. MRS. C. G. ROBINSON, President MATTIE GLEASON, Secretary. BEN HUR. ARRIUS Court No. 6, Tribe of Ben Halt Insurance order. No meeting place. GEO. W. KIRK, Chiel. KARL GROWEG, Secretary. -    ■■■■■■■.........-- KNIGHTS OF HONOR. DEFIANCE Lodge No. 71, Knight* el Honor. Insurance order. No meetly place. JOHN F. HAMILTON, Dictator. HENRY KLEIN, Sr., Recorder. FORESTERS. SHAWNEE COURT. INDEPENDENT* ORDER OF FORESTERS, No. 514. Meet# first and third Tuesday evenings of eaoh month. U. V. U. hall—N. W. corner Clinton and Third streets—second floor. C. J. DAOUST, Chief Ranger. FRANK FERGUSON, Secretary. RED CROSS. DEFIANCE COMMANDRY, NO. ORDER OF THE RED CROSS. Meets and third Mondays of each month. U. U. hail—N. W. comer Clinton and •treets—second floor. BYL HULL, Commanders j WM. ORT, Scribe.    4 d AMERICAN YEOMEN. DEEIANCE HOMESTEAD, BROTHE** HOOD OF AMERICAN YEOMEN. MeeCf tlrst Tuesday of each month. J. W. LYNDE, Foreman. G. D. EDGAR, Correspondent. HOME Git ARDS. DEFIANCE HOME GUARDS Na. ■ Meets third Thursday of each month. JOHN ADAMS, Counaelor. T. J. LEAMING, Secretary. ; piece. The minute hand will move This summer Carley has built a house j fly© feet every minute. costing nearly $2,000. It is finished and paid for, and the owner has money in two banks, and is getting an income of $1,500 a jiear from a strip of swamp land which was not thought to be worth returning thanks for, and sold for about enough to pay for making out the transfer papers. Just now the citizens think the extramp is one of the most successful men in town and have offered to elect him to the legislature so he may teach the lawmakers how to earn big profits from muck swamps. Chinese Firemen. Chinese firemen seem to he immune to the fierce heat of the fireroom on ocean steamers and can stand up to temperatures that would speedily prostrate white men. There are over 60 lines of European steamers trading with the far east. Out of this large number only three have European firemen and these have coolies to assist them. The Discourager. Jack—I wonder what there is about this time of year to always make a fellow feel as though he wanted to get married. Jim—I don’t know. But I’ve a sure cure for that matrimonial feeling. “Tell it to me, if you want to save a fellow mortal.” “Go out and watch a man pushing ft baby carriage.”—N. Y. Times, The flower bed will be a masterpiece of the florist’s art. The numerals marking the various hours will he 15 feet in length and made of bright colored coleus, a dense foliage plant with bright colored leaves that may he pruned and kept symmetrical with out danger of impairing its growth. The dark green of the leaves of this plant, it is thought, will make an effective contrast to the bright colors of the flowers covering the rest of the tlial. These flowers will be laid out in an elaborate pattern. In a broad circle surrounding the dial will be 12 flower beds, one opposite each hour, and each two feet wide and fifteen feet long. These will be of various flowers, each selected so that the blossoms will he open at the particular hour it represents and at no other. In this way both the hands of the clock and the flower will tell the time of day. At night the timepiece will be illuminated with 2,000 incandescent lights. Fatigue of the Muscles. A scientific investigation of muscular fatigue has been begun by M. A. M. Bloch. From questions sent to persons of many occupations he finds that it is not the most used muscles that are most subject to fatigue, but those that are kept under tension, although doing no work. The back, loins and neck need moee exercise to strengthen them, the arms atgfl legs less. The baker becomes first tired in the legs, the wood sawyer in the calves of the legs or the loins, the road digger in the legs, the blacksmith in the back and loins, the young soldier in the back of the neck, the horseman in the thigh, the artillerymen in the neck and loins, the immature violinist in the neck, the practiced violinist in the left hand, the expert fencer In the right shoulder, the oarsman in the calves and insteps. Explanation of Petroleum. By the aid of finely divided nickel and other metals, petroleum has been obtained from acetylene and hydrogen by Sabatier and Senderens. This has suggested a simple explanation of natural petroleum. Instead of assigning to it an organic origin, it is only necessary to assume the existence in the earth of alkaline earthy metals and their carbides, which on contact with watar Would yield hydrogen and acetylene. Meeting nickel, cobalt and iron, the two gases would give rise to reactions that woald i furnish the various kinds of petroleum. AID SOCIETY. GERMAN AID SOCIETY. Meets end fourth Monday of each month. Hi N. V. corner Clinton and Third streets. M. J. WALZ, President* F. J. PAPENHAGE7 , Financial Se*1*. TURNBULL AID SOCIETY, Meets Are! end third Wednesda> evenings of reoil month In Red Men’s hall. P. E. HEI PM AN, President* JOHN YOUNG, Rec- rding Secretary. LADIES GERMAN AID SOCIETYi Meets first end third Thursday evening! Hall—N. W. corner Clinton and Thtnl streets—second floor. BARBARA WINKLER, President. MARY WINKLER, Secretary. bird on# PARAH SOCIETY. Meets first and th! Wednesdays of each month. Rooms the Preisendorfer store. GEO. BEARD, President. ED. HUMMER, Secretary. CATHOLIC SOCIETIES. CATHOLIC KNIGHTS OF AMERICA. Branch No. 142. Meets every third Sunday at 4 p rn., corner Fifth and Jackson street# —St. John's hall. CHRIST DIEHL, Sr., Presidents M. J. WALZ, Secretary. CATHOLIC KNIGHTS OF AMERICA. Branch No. 478. Meets fourth Sunday of each month at 4 p. rn., corner Washington and Arabella streets—St. Mary’s school hall* M. B. GORMAN, President. J. S. Haller. Secretary. CATHOLIC KNIGHTS OF OHI Branch No. 2. Meets the second Sunday each month at 4 p. rn.,—Corner Fifth Jackson streets—St. John’s hall. L. KRUTSCH, President. JOSEPH VEIT, Secretary. EIOu L3 CATHOLIC KNIGHTS OF OHR Branch No. 27. Meets the first Sunday sach month at 4 p. rn.,-corner Washingt md Arabella streets, St. Mary’s school hall. J. 8. HALLER, President. W. J. BOHANNON, Secretary. nSi r ol [ton ST. BONIFACIUS Benevolent Society Meets first Sunday of each mouth at Sib John's hall. FRANK A. WALZ, Presidents JOSEPH VEIT, Secretary. ST. ALOYSIU8 Young Men’s Soc! Meets second Sunday of each month at rn.,—St. John's hail. Social sessions Tuesday evening. 7 KE I) mass ANZ, geog* tarp. Es soot

Search All Newspapers in Defiance, Ohio

Advanced Search

Search Courier

Search the Defiance Weekly Express Today with a Free Trial

We want people to find what they are looking for at NewspaperArchive. We are confident that we have the newspapers that will increase the value of your family history or other historical research. With our 7-day free trial, you can view the documents you find for free.

Not Finding What You Were Looking for on This Page of The Defiance Weekly Express?

People find the most success using advanced search. Try plugging in keywords, names, dates, and locations, and get matched with results from the entire collection of newspapers at NewspaperArchive!

Looking Courier

Browse Newspapers

You can also successfully find newspapers by these browse options. Explore our archives on your own!

By Location

By Location

Browse by location and discover newspapers from all across the world.

Browse by Location
By Date

By Date

Browse by date and find publications for a specific day or era.

Browse by Date
By Publication

By Publication

Browse old newspaper publications to find specific newspapers.

Browse by Publication
By Collection

By Collection

Browse our newspaper collections to learn about historical topics.

Browse by Collection