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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - September 15, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ATTITUDES TOWARD SCHOOL PRODUCTIVITY, INGENUITY Principals Say They’re. Changing (In Section A) (UxUir River Tower Shows Roth (In Section A) A Weal her- Mostly sunny today, highs mid 70s. Mostly fair tonight, lows in lower 50s, VOLUME 92 NUMBER 240 rn tuncU CITY FINAL 35 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES BALK to raise prices their customers. to millions of the FFC denied that the FPC Hikes on Natural Gas Improper': GAO By Michael Jensen    ties as a result of the CIAO in-1 last October, described the renew York Times News serv.c#    |    vestigation, the agency said. !port as “one of the most powcr- WASHINGTON — The (loner- The GAO did not identify ei- ful indictments of a federal regal Accounting Office, following ther the companies that were ulatory    agency    within memo- ,1 10-month investigation, has allowed to raise prices nor the ry.” accused the Federal Power | individuals who sold securities.1 ne called for oversight hear-Commission of acting improper- It did say, however, that seven jngs by congress, an investiga-ly in allowing a number of the of the individuals were adminis- tion by the justice department, nations natuial gas producersitrative law judges at the hPC. and a delay in approving all' appendix to the^ report, pending natural gas price in-com‘ I creases. “Most, if not all, of the nation’s 40-million gas bills have! been seriously and adversely affected by the irregularities re-: ,    .    ■    .    .    .,    ...    .    I    .    ..    „    ...    ivealed    by GAO and shown to be rules designed to avoid conflicts procedures. It said all of the po-    tho of interest.    tential conflict-of-interest sltua-!S?™“S“    -I J™ Nineteen officials of the FPC tions had been cleared up. were directed by the commis-' Rep. Moss (D-Calif.), who re- sion to sell some of their securi- quested the GAO investigation Big    Gas Users Facing Toughest VZ inter Yet By Edward Cowan New York Times News Service WASHINGTON - For thousands of schools, hospitals, factories, office buildings, apartment houses and electric utilities that burn natural gas, last It also alleged that a number mission had acted improperly, of FPC officials had owned se- and said most of the non-curities of the companies they compliance with conflict-of-in-regulated, and had failed to|terest regulations had resulted comply with the commission’s from inadequate record-keeping FPC,” Moss said in a statement that he released with the report. “Cumulative financial exploitation of consumers by an industry was aided and abetted by \ the very federal agency charged j with protecting the public: against monopoly and profiteering.” Natural gas prices have risen steadily in recent years, and re-and hopes to have 3 billion cubic newe^ attempts by the industry feet set aside bv winter. Even ? raise    are    un* so. said General Manager Ed- derway. The FPC, like some ward Hubbard, the utility will other. government regulatory have to operate its high-cost i aSenc»es, has been criticized in plant to manufacture gas from ^ Pas^ ^or a(f°Pting policies -AP Wirephoto heating oil for 90 to IOO days said to be favorable to the in- SIDEWALK INSTRUCTION — Dutch and Japanese officials spread rolls of pacer covered with Japanese characters on the sidewalk in front of the French embassy in The Hague Saturday, giving information to the gunmen inside on how to handle the telephone. The instructions worked and telephone communications, interrupted for nearly three hours, were restored with the guerillas. cannot this winter. That gas will cost dus!l> it regulates. The 115-page report, titled “The Need for Improving the Regulation of the Natural Gas Delivery Reduced    Industry    and    Management    of    In said, in 'hospital, the alive.” winter’s “energy crisis be dismissed as history.    $4.50 a cubic foot,    compared to The Northeast and some other, the 60 cents for pipeline gas. regions of the United States are moving toward a natural gas,    . ~    ..    ,,    .    , ’fib** IWS winter that will be    Hubbard said that    his utility    I    «£ the biggest yet. Industry and    had reduced delivery    to “inter-    Po^er    Commission,    was    ob government experts say the    ruptiblc” industrial    plants to;tailed    by    the    New    York Times shortage will bi* still greater in    four weeks a year and the fore- 1975-76 and even worse    in    the    east fcr 1976-77 was no service winter of 1976-77.    at aH, Of the 42 principal interstate Baltimore Gas &    Electric Co. pipelines. 17 have told the Fed- notified 200 “interruptible” cus-rral Power Commission that tomers, many of them mills and at unr(lfiulaled they will be unable to meet a    factories, to expect 30 to 45 days    ^,jnv    such    u total of ll 6 percent of their con-    of no gas this winter 40 to 45    .    ch    ed wcre above He did tractual delivery commitments    days in 1975-/6 and 50 to 65 days    J    j    ^ ]cve]s during the November-March j    in 1976-77. It has also served no-    n heating season — as against 7.2    tice that it will hook up no new percent last winter. The es-!homes after Feb. I, 1975. timated shortage of 768 billion; Bv definition, an ‘ inlerrupti-cubic feet is 81 percent higher!hie” customer has an “alter-than last winter’s.    Jnate-fuel capability,’ including I combustion equipment and Up to 4# Percent    | storage capacity. In practice. Deficiencies, according to the however, many have not been commission, ranee all the way Prepared lo cope- with interrup-. ,    .. , n tions of more than 24 or 48 up to 40 percent for tinted Gas I hours (he dur;|(jon of a coW snap. Until a couple of years ago, some interruptible customers experienced no shutoffs. D°c/°,-N/xonTransit Guidelines Drafted reared Deafh In Hospital from Moss.    NEW    Y0HK (AP> - A»r The GAO. which is the inves- Forct’ MaJ- Gen. Walter Tkach tigative arm of congress, said in s a | d Saturday he decided the report that the FPC had:    against    hospitalizing Improperly granted natural _  ii : i. i_ n mpnt Inlfl him "lf I on min thai.    iii    f    u ..    I" ”v*    ” ”—r—" "    —r have to settle tor buses.    j    cdjes must meet in terms of there is too little potential The standards, which are ex-    population,    residential    density,    j payoff to    justify    the high cost of pected to have a major impact    or projected demand    on specific    fixed transit systems. fnarnH he wnniH Ale if hncniiat ion the development of many. commuter corridors.    However, they said the cri- ... . ...    Hospital-1 American cities, were approved instead, cities that want fed- teria should, for the first time, rf.ra .    JJT,-..    T.    _    .    Mivnn’c    inno lim, nnr ^‘s week bv senior transpor eraj ajd for s0<*alled “fixed give assurances of long-term fi- compliance by its officials with; iRacri, ISixon s lonc-timc per*! taHnn HpnRrtmont nffipiak    • •    ,,    4    4    4    *,•    4U    4 a...*    „f    nn«i„ni    e/inai    nhtciniin a,!.    lation departim nt omiiais ana gUideVvay’ systems .such as sub- nancial support to cities that its own    standards    of    conduct    sonal    physician,    was    interview*.scheduled to be sent to See- regulations    intended to    prevent    cd    by    NBG    News    at    his    home    M    pot ary of Transportation Brine- Rich a rd former By Robert Lindsey    they provide large amounts of tive” system could be used. New York Time* New* service    capital from local taxes.    with local funds, to build it. NEW YORK — The Ford ad- 'jqle administration plan does According to administration ministration has drafted the noj identify specific cities, sources, the criteria are delist national criteria for deter- aniong the more than 20 that signed partly to discourage mining which cities across the arc now planning or considering communities from expecting country will receive federal-aid; major transit systems .that will large amounts of federal aid Pres-1° kU1^ m°dern’    raPid    qualify    for federal aid. Nor does when, in the judgment of the ■    ■    -    " ,    „    ;jnnf    v,irrt    ..!f    .    0_    th,Utrans*f    sYstems anc* wh>c’h    n set minimum standards that transportation department, gas    producers authority to    sell    lc>ent lold    hlm-    «    I    go    into    the have to    settle for buses. gas    at unregulated price*    ,n    hospital,    I ll never come out not say why Nixon; an im- pipe Line Co., which is portant supplier to the Southeast. Serious shortages also arc expected in the upper Midwest. If temperatures fall below normal this winter, driving up consumption of all fuels, large-scale gas users could have difficulty getting Alternate fuels, even though propane, heating oil and heavy fuel oil are now abundant. A coal miners' strike would make matters grave. In any event, the alternate fuels cost more than natural gas and will saddle department stores, landlords, factories and electric utilities with extra costs which they will seek to pass on to customers and tenants. No Home Threat Deliveries to homes and small commercial consumers are not threatened, say government officials. but householders undoubtedly "ill be asked to keep thermostats at last winter's reduced level of 68 degrees or less. Incidentally, local gas companies have said that gas-heated homes did reduce consumption last winter when heal mg oil was scarce. Depending on the ability of larger gas users to secure adequate alternate supplies, the ability of the Federal Energy Administration to avoid a tangle of allocation red-tape and, above all, the weather, there may or may not be school clos ings, plant layoffs, and sharply reduced space heating iii of flees, factories and stores. The municipally owned Philadelphia Gas Works began liquefying and .storing gas in July The Butcher The Butcher. Who is the Butcher? The Butcher is Merle Ellis, a native of Sioux City, a center of the meat packing industry for as long as anyone can remember. Moreover, his father was a butcher with a shop of his own and it was here that Merle Ellis learned about meat — really good prime and choice beef, fattened on corn grown in the surrounding prairies. He worked his way through college cutting meat, got into broadcasting and television and finally back into cutting meat. Now again he is a butcher at the Corner Market in Tiburon, Calif. He has lectured to groups in the San Francisco Bay area on how to save money at the meat counter. He is a regular on the Dinaii Shore show and now is nationally syndicating a column called “The Butcher’’ which will appear regularly in The Gazette. We think you will enjoy it. Watch for it Wednesday iii The Gazette. Andrews Air Force Base near timely action Washington atte* he returned applications, from a visit to his patient at San Clemente, Calif. “Mr. Nixon's condition has worsened in the past several weeks despite the pardon,” Tkaeh said, and he “is a ravaged man who has lost the will to fight.” Tkach added, however, that Nixon showed no signs of mental imbalance and is rational But, he said in a 30-minute interview with NRC newsman Rowan, phlebitis has j. caused Nixon’s left leg to and he is fatigued and interpreta- tense. would, in The doctor said he conflicts of intere Failed to take on certain rate with the result that customers paid higher prices for natural gas “than may be just and reasonable.” The report noted, however, that John Nassikas, chairman of the commission since 1969, disagreed with some of the criticism | of higher prices that gas companies were allowed to charge their customers. Nassikas argued that the FPC had the right to waive certain requirements in emergency situations, but the Ford GAO did not support his p ition. “To accept FPC's tion of its authority’ swell very feared the GAO's view, make a sham of tension would lead to formation the regulatory process.” the re- of a blood clot which could lodge in Mr. Nixon's heart. He Maid the former I Resident j is receiving medication for phlc- gar on Monday for final approval. The criteria are likely to disappoint many cities that expected Washington to pay 80 percent of the cost of futuristic commuter lines, such as the $1.6 billion San Francisco bay area transit system that is scheduled to open in its entirety today after two years of limited operation. Settle for Buses Administration officials say that many communities, because of limits on the federal budget and the high cost of building subways and other fixed transit systems, will have to get by with buses — unless ways, trolley lines, commuter have such a need and bring railroads, or elevated automatic order to the current first-come, “people movers.” would first first-served approach to alloting have to provide the government transit funds. with a detailed analysis of all    -------- possible alternative methods of meeting their transit needs. Then the federal Urban Mass Transportation Administration would evaluate each alternate; Ford Press Session Monday or Tuesday A WASHINGTON (AP) spokesman Saturday that President Ford is and decide which type of transit white House spokesman said mode — or combination of modes — was most “cost effec-, ... , ., .. live- - that is. in terms of the' exPec,ed ,0 hold hls ncxt ncws community’s population, ter- conference Monday or Tuesday. On Friday, the acting White rain, volume of commuter travel and other factors, what level of transit service was economically justified. I    . W re port stated. The lengthy report was delivered to Moss on Friday, accord- i (Continued: Page 3, Col. 2.) Iodin;'* Chuckle Mobile-home salesman: wheel-estate dealer, copvh^ (Continued: Page 3, Col. House press secretary. John Hushes indicated there would be no further explanation of the pardon to former President Nixon until the President holds a news conference. Hushen suggested that the up to 80    percent    of the    ‘cost ef-1    issues of the Nixon pardon and , fee ti vt*’”    system.    If a city insist-    amnesty to Vietnam war re- I cd on a    fancier    transit    system,    sisters and draft dodgers be put it is expected that the    amount    to Ford at the next news eonfcr- promised for the “cost effec- once. “Cost Effective” The government, in effect.j would commit itself to pay for Hostages StillHeld In Embassy Gazette Leased Wires THE HAGUE, Netherlands -Three Japanese Red Army gunmen holding the French ambassador and eight other weary hostages under death threat Saturday won the release of a comrade jailed in France and an offer of safe passage out of Holland. The government ordered a KLM Royal Dutch Dc-8 jetliner readied at Amsterdam’s international airport and a volunteer crew arrived to fly the guerillas to freedom. A last-minute snag developed when the government refused to allow the plane to leave unless the guerillas laid down their weapons and disclosed their destination. The extremists apparently balked. Prisoner Balking? There were reports that the prisoner at the airport was refusing to be released to join the Red Army trio, but this was denied by a spokesman for the French interior ministry in Paris, which is in charge of the French end of the case. “We have no indication that he refused.” the spokesman said. “In fact, he has been in contact with the commandos in the embassy several times since Saturday morning. “In any case, he is our prisoner and whether he likes it or not, he will be exchanged to save the lives of the hostages if an agreement can be reached.” Money Demand The spokesman said the pris-oner, identified as Yutaka Furuya, had asked for “a large sum of money” before leaving Paris’ Sante prison Friday night, “but of course his demand was unacceptable.” A Dutch spokesman said Furuya had not asked for money here. The French spokesman said the other terrorists had made “a dozen demands since last night, all more or less fantastic and unacceptable.” He said these may have included demands for money but that the French had no details. Remaining Firm He added that the French government was remaining firm on meeting only the original demand. “We will exchange our Japa- (Continucd: Page 3, Col. 5.) Today s Index SECTION A TerHorst: Nixon System, Ford Men at Odds WASHINGTON (AP) J. F. terHorst says aides of President Ford, whom he served for a month as press secretary, find it frustrating and even demeaning to have to work through Nixon administration machinery. Because ct the sudden shift of presidential power, ter-Horst says, decisions of tho new administration could bo translated into reality only through the organization controlled by White House chief of staff Alexander Haig. “The Ford men naturally find that frustrating and even demeaning,” terllorst writes. “And it is especially so whenever Ford moved to change a Nixon-Haig policy.” He made the comments in a new column copyrighted b> the Detroit News and Universal Press Syndicate. The syndicate said terllorst will write three columns a week for the News and that more than 40 newspapers subscribed to the column in the first 24 hours after it was offered. TerHorst resigned as Ford s press secretary a week ago after the President granted a full pardon to former President Nixon In a separate in t e r v i i* w with the Detroit News, terHorst said he was disturbed because he had not been consulted by Ford prior to the pardon decision, saying he could have cautioned the President about the problems it would cause He told the News also that presidential counsel Philip W. Kuchen had misled him about the pardon, which led him earlier to give false information to newsmen. Without giving details, he said he had been misled twice before on different topics by different staff members. In his column, terHorst wrote that Haig and his associates were not used to Ford’s style, which he described as open and candid and not given to being impressed by lengthy memos and position papers. “Hardest hit by Ford s style was Haig,” terHorst wrote. “Nixon’s preoccupation with Watergate had tremendously magnified Haig’s authority in the White House and the executive branch of the government. “For most of the final Nixon year, as Haig himself would agree, he was the acting President    of    the United States. With    a    troubled    President drawing more and more within his shell, everyone in government, with the possible exception of Secretary of State Kissinger, was working for Al Haig.” TerHorst says that as a result    of    frictions.    Ford is s p e n d i n g an    inordinate amount of time soothing the feelings of his loyalists and placating Haig’s sensitive feelings — time he could bet ter spend on substantive problems of his administration. “Tensions between the Ford men and the Nixon holdovers would make a quantum leap in intensity ... on something dealing with Watergate,” he writes, “say the disposition of Nixon tapes and documents, or even the removal of the disconnected — but still present — hidden microphones in the President's office “Small wonder then that some Ford men suspect Haig of unduly influencing Ford to issue his pardon to Richard Nixon on the grounds that the former President’s physical and emotion well-being was at stake.” Lait New* .......... I, J. 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