Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
The IRS will seek to improve its image (news item)
today, May 31, 1974
ONSM) KH IN(i Mid clk' Mast em peace is, e ven in its better moments, happiness on all hands at Secretary of State Kissinger’s new success with Israel and Syria has certain limits as to rattle.
Still, from marathon negotiating which had verged on a rare Kissinger washout finally has come a promised disengagement on the Golan Heights. Even if it doesn’t last forever, that achievement’s architect deserves another brisk salute.
His mission’s salvaging from wasted time to welcome progress also brought a measure of important vindication to the Kissinger approach of concentrated energy on first-degree problems.
Criticism had been rising that his all-out focus on specific
Mid-Kast conflicts forced a slighting of the secretary's duties rn respect to other state department needs. As columnist .lames Heston noted on this page last week. deep involvement in the Israel-and-S.N ria predicament had necessarily kept Kissinger from dealing as he should with urgent world issues on related fronts, global hunger and inflation, european government stability and unity. ICS. defense and foreign-aid legislation, nuclear arms control with the Soviet Cnion.
I ndeniably. those matters all command hard effort. But Henry Kissinger has made it pas to concentrate on one big situation at a time and hammer there until it gives. Success against the big ones, one by one. beats inconclusive. spread-thin movement on the whole front, all at once.
Idle funds handled right
DU. KENNETH McFarland, one of this generation’s finest orators who has appeared several times in Cedar Rapids in recent years, tells a story about the elephant to illustrate the necessity of reiteration.
An elephant is the biggest animal on earth today, he says, and supposedly everybody on earth knows about the elephant. How? Through (I) having seen one, (2) having seen a picture of one, (3) having read about one or (4) having been told about one.
Suppose, he continues, that all these means of learning about the elephant were severed for ll) years. The result would be, according to Dr. McFarland, that not a living soul between the ages of one and ll) would know the elephant exists.
In other words the story of the elephant has to be told again and again, or we could see the day when nobody knew about elephants.
That’s a long way to get to the point about to be made here. But it reinforces the observation: Few people would know anything about the interest earned by Iowa’s idle state funds unless the story is told over and over again.
To that repetition our plea must be guilty. The deed occurs once a year or so, usually when an estimate comes out on how much interest will be earned in the current fiscal year.
State Legislative F iscal Director Rankin reported recently that his estimate of the interest the state will earn this year was low by about SH) million. As of April the idle money the state kept invested, until it was ready for use, had earned SIH.ii million in interest.
Burdensome on business
This is a far cry from the mid- 50s when state law — put on the books by the state bankers association many years ago — prohibited banks from paying interest on idle public funds.
Thanks to a bipartisan effort by Hersehe! Loveless, a Democratic governor, and .lack Schroeder. leader of the Republican senate majority, the prohibitive law was repealed. Banks were permitted to pay up to 3 percent interest on public funds if they wanted them.
A few years later a Democratic state treasurer, Paul Franzen* burg, forced repeal of the ceiling by taking some $30 million in state deposits from banks and investing it in government securities. Banks soon saw the point and went along with a new law. It requires the state treasurer, state superintendent of banking and state insurance commissioner, to set the interest ceiling periodically. This trio usually sets it slightly below the current rate on federal securities.
The state, of course, is not the only arm of government collecting interest on idle funds. Counties, cities and school districts do this too whenever they invest cash on hand for periods of HD days or more.
There are those who will argue, with validity, that the state should not have idle funds on hand; that it should tax the people only for its actual needs. Yet as anyone who holds the purse strings in inflationary times well knows, it is virtually impossible to call fiscal shots on the nose anymore, if it ever was.
So if there are times during the year when a governmental agency does have idle funds on hand, they should be invested. Thanks to the present law, that is just what has been happening. It is a policy that makes good sense, year in. year out
The people 's forum
Better anthem recommended
To Uh* Editor
I was glad to note that a responsible voice has seen lit to broach the question of a change in our national anthem ("Suitable'Anthem needed . Ma> ll* I I have felt for some time that "The Star Spangled Banner" did not deserve Us present stature, not because it is militaristic, but rather because it is neither singable nor vci v pretty
My view is that a national anthem should be inspiring rather than solemn, fast-paced rather than soporific To switch from "The Star Spangled Banner" to " Vtnenca tilt' Beautiful" would be to move in the wrong direction.
I would like to see Americans as i us -tillable proud of their anthem as are the French of "La Marseillaise".
Mv nomination would be the most famous work of a man whom I consider to be America's greatest composer .folio Phillip Sousa. The stirring strains ct "The Stars and Stripes Forever" are familiar to millions The composer's own words (below i arc most fitting for a national anthem. The work of learning the song would bo a short one. tor this is .1 march that is fun to sing aud vci v upbeat, iii marked contrast hot Ii to our present national bv mu and to " America the Beautiful"
We desperately need some spirit iii this country in these dreary days. and what better wav lo begin than with this song in our hearts
Let martial note iii triumph float And liberty extend its mighty hand.
A flag appears midst thunderous cheers.
The banner of the Western land The emblem of the brave and true Its folds protect no tyrant crew;
The red and white and starry blue Is freedom s shield and hope.
Other nations may deem their flags the best
And cheer them with fervid elation But the flag of the North. South and West
Is the flag id flags, the flag of Freedom’s nation Hurrah for the flag of the free May it wave as our standard forever.
The gem of the land and the sea,
The banner of tile right Let despots remember the day When our fathers with might endeavor
Proclaimed as they marched to the fray
That by their might and by their rigid It waves forever
— Min Phillip Sousa
These words iii conjunction with the splendid tune to which they are sd would
Census calling for too much?
By James J. Kilpatrick
'ASHING ION - The
(pends a couple
reporter who hours talking with Vincent P. Barabba. director of the Bureau of the Census, is likely to conic away from the interview with mixed impressions. The reporter may find himself simultaneously impressed, overwhelmed, and -till skeptical The bureau manifestly is doing a great deal The question is, is it doing too much?
The question arises wit Ii some frequency iii an age of computers and data processing equipment The machines are quite simply marvelous. They are vast, accommodating cows Properly fed they can be milked tor tons of information Their multiple stomachs ( an digest incredible cuds aud transform raw fodder into tacts.
Barabba and Ins associates are (specially enchanted these days with a
new science of computer graphies Fsmg techniques that did not even exist a few years ago, they can plot onto maps a bewildering array of statistical material
On the morning I trooped down to southeast Washington for a visit. Barab* ba was modestly showing off some sample maps of census tracts iii the city of Des Moines. At a glance it was possible
to tell how many children, old folks, poor people, rich people, or college graduates live within a given area How many bathtubs iii Boston'* Before long Barabba may have them mapped out, block by block
A large part ol the bureau’s work is concerned with the gathering of economic statistics In recent years, a number of businessmen, especially small businessmen, have complained bitterly at the time-eonsuinmg demands imposed upon them Life bas become one durned questionnaire after another
Senator Thomas Mclntire of New Hampshire lifts taken tip their light against the paperwork pollution Though the senator does not put it so bluntly , lie plainly feels that much of this paperwork is useless He doubts that the information is worth the trouble and tile expense required to collect it
Barabba quite naturally takes an opposing view Ile observes, reasonably. that the more information decisionmakers have to work with. the rn more likely they are to make wise decisions Tins applies in both the public and the private sectors
I he city council thinking bf expanding the gas works wants to know (and not
James J. Kilpatrick
merely guess) how many prospective customers may be tumid iii a ’nm arca The businessman thinking ut launching a new restaurant is more likely lo sui coed and less likely to go broke ll he knows exactly how many competitors tic has lo ( ope w itll
the da//lmg proliferation of social, economic. and old-laslnoncd demographic statistics is a tar cry Inuit the mere "enumeration of tree persons vv Ii I (11 the ( oust (tut nm requires of the government every ten years
How ii nu ti is too much* I (Ion I know but Senator Mclntire probably is on Hie right track when lie complains that business and government alike are drowning in a sea ol figures — in an ocean of statistical milk that cannot tic understood digested or put to profitable
make ail admirable national anthem which we would all be proud to sing
Peter F Olberg ins Nassau street Sh;
l o the Editor
.lust a line to tell you how much I enjoyed the editorial May 27. "Suitable anthem needed" It really tickled my funny bone
I would like to add my interpretation in the Pledge of Allegiance I was about 14 when I realized that all along I had boon saying "freedom and justice for frogs" instead of "for all."
I really enjoy the editorial page. You have a well balanced group of columnists All shades of opinion are represented
Helen Holder lovva ( itv
The most decisive actions of our life are most often un
I o the Editor
I am very upset and embarrassed A week ago Friday (May 17) our daughter went to Mburnott to visit the junior high school with her cousin while the Harding ninth grade class went to Chicago (we tell s.»u was ino much to pay for Mist an overnight trip)
I he kids. teachers everyone at Alburnett were sn gracious and kind to her Ijiey rolled out the red carpet and treated her royally all day SI. just vvouldn t stop talking about how nice everyone was Had a wonderful day and came home witii a beautiful impression ut everyone al Alburnett
So (tin daughter wanted to show off her ow ii school and nix it cd her cousin to v isit Harding since his school is out for the summer and she had nothing extremely important to do that day
I hey flee Til our die our dan
get by tin* attendance woman there was very nub I. said "NO.’ she would not let liter ask Hie principal, counselor
or anyone for permission tor him to spend the (fay
Harding junior high left an impression on the young man. all right Boy. did they ever leave an impression'
My nephew says tic wishes all the kid-. I rom Harding could come lo his school to sec how nice pcojde can lie
Elma Patten Tee drive NE
To the Editor
We’re glad you think the League of Women Voters’ recent decision to admit men as voting members is "one ol the equal i ights moveint ut s most intriguing developments so far" (editorial. May 21) We hope manx readers. Bot ti male and female, will become "intrigued Ie
the League’’ and pun it (Will Uhs get EWV news off the society pages'.’) As to changing the name of our organization. tins seems to be a minor question compared with some of the substantive decisions made at the national convention. to which I was the local delegate
In their excitement over EW V ”s granting male suffrage, the newspeople overlooked a couple of decisions which are more important iii terms of the impact EWA can make on good government for all. One was the addition of "an evaluation of the role of the executive branch to our representative government study and action item Some people have felt for a long time that this was a necessary complement to our study of congressional procedures. It does seem timely
Bear iii mind that the executive branch includes such administrative agencies a^ HEW. NEPA. OMB, etc Their regulations can have quite an impact on the implementation of congressional legislation EWV of biwa has worked for many years on reform of Iowa’s own executive branch, with some success. A recent example is our work for the four-year term for governor Now we will work for long-range effectiveness on the national level
Vnother exciting decision made at PU V national convention May ii-IU was to include "action to implement the prin-eiples" in the by-law on program This may sound dull, but it could have considerable impact on all levels of government Leagues are now more free to work directly on governmental practices to promote open, accessible, accountable. responsive, efficient and economical government and ensure citizen participation. Our activities up to mow (lave beni more oriented t<» specific issues
Mid so we welcome the men to their new status as voting members (they were always admitted as associate members), and we continue to welcome women We need all the help we can get lo ( any (int our purpose, to |>romote political responsibility through informed and active participation ol citizens iii government. Membership is open to all who believe in that purpose; annual dues are sin You will find I AVY lull of "intriguing developments "
Margaret S. Smith, president 10*24 Maplewood drive NE
in silence on wrongs
By James Reston
I II/ASIIINRTON - One of the marked I VV features of the present national crisis is the comparative silence of many leaders of the institutions, communities and states of the Republic. They are ob* viously not without opinions on the moral squalor of the Nixon administration; they state them eloquently and even vehemently iii private. But most of them say nothing iii |>ublic
There are, of course, notable exceptions anion* leaders of the church, the bar, the universities and the press The President s own resident priest in the White House. Father McLaughlin, al least spoke up for hts floss. But when the President's other favorite preachers, Including the Rev. Billy Graham, were asked for their opinions about his language and conduct, they passed it bv oil the other side
Tills is typical of a great many other men and women whose character and position have great influence iii their communities. Seldom a day goes by that a letter from some such person does not arrive iii this office, either scalding the President or scalding the |>ress. usually with the underscored notation: "This is not for publication."
What they seem to be saying is that we are certainly iii a national crisis, hut keep me out of it Leave it to the lawyers, the congress, the courts and the press This is the larger cover-up in the controversy: The cover-up of the true feelings of many men and women who know they have influence tint don’t want to commit themselves iii public on the moral issues
The legal issues aud personal judgment on the guilt or innocence of the President any of course, different matters These questions are before the courts and the congress. Private citizens do not have all the evidence, and Mr Nixon is apparently determined to see that all the evidence is not made available to the public, or even to the courts and congress Accordingly, silence by outsiders at this point on the legal questions is understandable
But the theory of democ racy is that we are all insiders on the conduct of the men we elect, on whether they tell the truth, whether they make essential evidence available or conceal it. and whether they aet in accordance with their trust or evade it
"Who shall be the judge whether the prince or legislative aet contrary to their trust?" John Locke asked. "The people s ii a 11 judge: For who shall be judge whether the trustee or deputy acts well and according to trust reposed in him. but he who deputes him . (Locke. Second Treatise of Civil Government. Chapter XIX).
What. then, explains the silence ol so many of our leaders? The President and his lawyers naturally are not hesitating to argue their ease. and it is quite an argument. The congress, they say. has to prove that the President is a criminal to gcs rid of him. The President has the right to decide what evidence the house judic iary committee needs to consider his impeachment
To the Editor
The caption associated with the photograph on the picture page May 28 showing three naval reservists with long hair is in error. As executive officer of the naval reserve surface division. I personally dismissed the three men pictured at our format ion prior to the parade in Jones park because of their long hair Therefore. they could not have been pictured as they marched iii the Memorial day parade Monday." as your (option stated
\lthough the current regulation haircut is somewhat more liberal than the "regulation short hair of yesterday." it still exists Tile men jim lured definitely do not conform to navy guidelines, and for that reason were dismissed from participation in the Memorial day parade
The publication of tins particular plio-tograjdi is distressing to me. since you failed to give any recognition to the HI) men of our unit who man lied iii the parade with regulation haircuts, shined shoes aud squared away uniforms It Is well to note that the Cedar Rapids naval reserve unit was the only military unit to participate iii the parade
Iii the future, I suggest that your picture slat! check its poetic license when penning captions to Mr Frock's potentially misleading idiotogruph
Ll < dr M X Krause. I SNR It ti47 Soldier court SE
(Editor s nota No poetic license was involved. A breakdown in communication led the caption writer to believe the three long hairs did march in the parade The Gazette regrets the error The picture was unusual enough to run on its own merits ai a news picture, however, and we see no way in which it slights the navy )
Quest ions faithful to hi"
of whether he trust, whether
has been he did not
(re" to see that the laws were faithfully executed, or whether he was responsible for tho conduct of his appointees — none of this is regarded by the President as relevant lo his impeachment. Only if Im* bus committed a crime, and a substantial crime ut that
At this point in the proceedings, the argument is unequal, for the leaders of the house and senate feel obliged to withhold judgment, to wait for the mi-peuchment process lo work its slow and careful way. to axoid allowing the moral and legal issues to become partisan issues. They feel that to condemn iii public, as many of them do iii private, the conduct and tactics of the President's defense, would open them to the charge that they have made nj) their ii)iuds iii advance and were therefore "prejudiced
But n<* such obligation burs the outspoken opinion of concerned private citizens It is not what we don’t know iii Ibis (ase that is so damaging iii the record of tins administration, but what we already know — indeed what is already admitted
To go down to the junta anniversary til the nut intl in I RTH with this issue unresolved, with the President either convicted or exonerated on the basis ut pnrtitll evidence, would only perpetuate Hie divisions among the American people Yet even many of their leaders seem to have very little ll anything to say about It In public
N*York fillips Nervier