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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - May 13, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather— ('bunce of rain on I iiesday. Low tonight in the np|H*r ids to lower 50s. Highs Tuesday in the 60s. VOLUME 92 NUMBER 121 CITY FINAL IO CENTS MITCHELL CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, MAY 13, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES Trucks Roll Closed Hearings on In Spite of Tape Gap' SubP°ena Strike Call BULLETIN WASHINGTON (AP)-Judge John Sirica said Monday he will make public in about two weeks the final report by a panel of experts on the 18'a-rninute gap in a crucial White House Watergate tape. By Associated Press Rocks and sniper fire were directed at a few truck drivers    - Monday, but the rigs kept roll- Gazette Leased Wires mg on most of the nation’s high- WASHINGTON — Judge John ways despite a call for a shut- Sirica called two closed meet-down protest over fuel prices ing« Monday concerning an and speed limits.    j    18'2-minute gap on one Water- Scattered incidents of violence occurred in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and Pennsylvania. No injuries were reported. A truck windshield was smashed by a rock dropped from an overpass on interstate 65 north of Nashville, Tenn. Police said it was not necessarily related to the shutdown. Increased Surveillance gate tape and a White House petition to quash special prosecutor Leon Jaworski’s subpoena for more tapes. White House lawyers, Watergate prosecutors and Charles Rhyne, a lawyer for President Nixon’s secretary, Rose Mary Woods, went to Sirica’s chambers late Monday morning to discuss “the production . . . and disposition” of the final Rifle fire flattened two tires report of a group of experts who on a truck traveling on interstate 85 near Newnan, Ga. State police increased their surveillance along truck routes, that examined the tape with the gap. The tape involved a meeting between Nixon and IL R. Hal-deman, then his chief of staff. traffic was said to be near nor- on June 20, 1972, three days mal.    after    the Watergate breakin. There were no reports of high-Miss Woods testified that she way and truck stop blockades might have caused a gap of four that were prevalent in two shut- to five minutes accidentally down protests last winter. Spot while transcribing the tapes, checks in Ohio, a key state in! past shutdowns, showed traffic was reported rolling as usual. Truckers who support the shutdown demand    lower    fuel prices, higher speed limits, and auditing of oil companies. Overdrive magazine, a Los Angeles -based publication, called for the shutdown by the nation’s 100.000    independent    .  .....*• .    ’ ,    j    pamed    by winds gusting up to drivers, most of whom own and A„ __    L.,    ., H operate their own rigs. The publication    edited    by The panel of six tape experts appointed by the court, in a preliminary report last December, said the gap was caused by at least five and perhaps as many as nine separate erasures all done manually. The report strongly suggested the erasures were deliberate. A grand jury is investigating the erasure. Subpoena The second hearing involves Jaworski’s efforts to force the President to comply with his April 18 subpoena for tapes and other documents pertaining to 64 conversations Nixon had with former aides after the Watergate breakin. President Nixon’s lawyer, James St. Clair, has said the White House will give up no more tapes or evidence and intends to fight the subpoena all the way to the supreme court if necespary. Sirica Friday ordered Jaworski’s formal legal brief on! the issue sealed. Jaworski’s brief and Mon-; day’s hearing may contain some grand jury testimony or other sensitive materials that Sirica feels must remain secret. Doubts Decision Springtime Friends UPI Telephoto High Winds, Spring Rain Sock Iowa By The Associated Press Severe thunderstorms accom- 40 miles an hour, hail and heavy rains swept across Iowa Mon dav morning. J. Fred Buzhardt, counsel to the President, was asked Sun- Day's fancy turned to a (day if Nixon’s position is that he ____ : would refuse to yield to either a (supreme court ruling or to a congressional demand for the I tapes. “That’s certainly my under-! (standing of the present outlook ! of the President,” Buzhardt replied Buzhardt added that he does! not feel that the White House j ever will be faced with a court Nice weather in spring is reputed to bring out all sorts of things. In Eagle, Wis., Sunday, Todd nut-gathering critter who was right at home on his shoulder. Sawhill Sees Power Pinch Th is Summer Henry Given 50% Chance WASHINGTON (UPI) Americans are careless JERUSALEM (UPI^Taunted by a chorus of protesting demonstrators, Secretary of - lf State Kissinger held the first with of two meetings with Israeli Miko P a r k h u r s t suoDorti-d l~- decision or a demand from the c»<’rSy in lhe romi"S months. - leaders Monday on bridging the trucker shutdowns in DecemberL^nrdS,na"d    ^ during an impeachment they could occasionally be w,th-, negotiating gap with Syria over power lines, ieiiea trees ana trial for additional tapes.    out electricity this summer, ac-(a military disengagement for damage ‘ Kissinger’s disengagement efforts. Kissinger met with the Israeli negotiators again at ti p.m. (ll a.m. CDTI. Striding into the meeting at Mrs. Meir’s office, Kissinger WASHINGTON (UPI) - The supreme court ruled unanimously Monday that the justice department under former Atty. Gen. Mitchell consistently violated the law in its procedures for obtaining wiretap evidence. The decision probably kills Narcotics and gambling prosecutions involving hundreds of persons which have been pending in various courts awaiting a ruling on whether the evidence can be used. “Harmless Error” The department had argued that at worst it had committed only “harmless error” which had not endangered anyone’s privacy. Justice White wrote opinions in two highly complex cases on the department’s handling of wiretaps. In one challenged [area he held that the depart-* ment was wrong. In the other the department was upheld by a 5-4 vote. The decision hinged on an interpretation of the Omnibus Crime Control Act of 1968, which contains very specific provisions for applying to a trial judge for a wiretap order. The statute requires authorisation by the U.S. attorney gen-•eral himself or a “specially I designated assistant attorney general.” Many of Mitchell's authorizations were issued by it,” his executive assistant. Sol Lin-denbaum. their an "Increase''hi wg bXsT^rTpfr, J?I,J^W    ^    ^    «*"    ^ and guaranteed supplies thp stat0    '    ";e’    which is investigating powi john saw mn    U.S.    officials    w hie grounds for impeaching! Sawhili said Sunday the I*ed- and February about rates of diesel fur None Injured Two shots were fired from passing cars into trucks on interstate 75 early Monday in the state. Marble-sized hail was reported in central Iowa around 7 a.m., and also in the Sioux City arca earlier in the morning. Chimney Toppled Kentucky, but no one was in- i jn Johnston, just north of Des jured, police said. One incident Moines, high winds toppled part occurred near London. Ky„ and (of a chimney at the high school the other near the border with causing damage to the roof. Tennessee.    Rain    poured    through    the open- Pcnnsylvania state police said ing and classes were canceled someone firing a high powered for the day. High winds also rifle from a bridge shot out the damaged some windows at the windshield of a trooper’s car on school. i Nixon, is expected to issue an-jeral Energy Administration is other subpoena this week. The, “studying the electricity situa-committee resumes consider- Ron right now,” and that ation of evidence Tuesday. “Malicious” Campaign Buzhardt also charged that a “malicious and vicious” cam- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 7.) the Pennsylvania turnpike east of Breeze wood. The officer was uninjured. A power outage caused classes to be called off at the Johnston grade school. No inju- Top Demos in Senate Reject Resignation WASHINGTON (UPI)- a shortage could be avoided if thermostats are turned up to 78 degrees in air conditioned homes and offices. “lf we have an extremely hot summer and people don’t respond to our request, then we might have some spot problems around the country.’ Sawhill said. with them to tone down remarks about Kissinger. “He doesn’t deserve Peres said. “It’s not polite.” Kissinger had shuttled to Da-j    Obliged    To    Sign mascus on Sunday for talks with1 A second issue focused on glanced briefly in the direction: Presidcnt Hafez Assad and reJwhat have become known as of about 50 persons holding^    |“Will    Wilson    letters” - wiretap placards and chanting slogans;. M    ’    f    .permissions to U.S. attorneys in Iisn rpot buiau in •> narHno int ' Mondays meetings — tbs the field which former Asst, with Kissinger!^    away in a parking toth6th day of his current mission. Atty. c,en will Wilson was put chances of reaching an protesters, mostly settlers He is expected to fly back to| obliged under law to sign. Jn-agreement at about 50-50, but    in Jewish    outposts    on the    Damascus with the Israeli re- stead, they were    signed    by in Washington, White House offi-1 heights, called him “Killinger”    plies after the cabinet meeting,    deputies. cials said Kissinger was on the j and other epithets.    (    U.S.    officials    said    Kissinger    The    department    won on the verge of a Middle East break When the meeting broke up, must be back in Washington no seCond issue, through and hinted a Syrian-    Information    Minister    Shmion    later than next Monday. He was    The challenged    practices, Israeli troop separation accord    Per^s arK*    Defense    Minister    expected to return to the region    which were carried    on in    1969 Moshe The Bigger U.S. Bole In an interview with UPI, might come this week. Israel was less optimistic. The Israeli cabinet met for four hours after a one-hour session between Kissinger, Prime Minister Golda Meir and their aides. A communique said the cabinet reviewed and Defense Dayan walked senate’s two top-ranking Demo-Windshields of three trucks Ties were reported.    crats    urged Americans Monday (Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.)    Outages    “to keep cool” in the contro- - Power    outages also were re- versy swirling around President ported in Grimes, Eagle Center. I Nixon and demands for his res- iWest Des Moines and parts of I Des Moines, Iowa Power and ^nator Mansfield of Monta-Light Co. officials said    I    na>the Democratic leader, said. The roof at the Johnston Fire ‘TSS ,s,fDt,me 1° kc<?P Ti | Station was damaged early | addinf. „ ^nation is not thc Monday. There was no immedi-1 ffliswer. Mansfield s deputy, Sen. Byrd Treasury Requests Hike in Debt Limit Sawhill also predicted the gov- \/* x    C J ernment would “play a bigger YICT v^Ong CflQ role” in future negotiations between U.S. oil corporations and foreign oil producing nations. “I think that over the next several weeks we will be studying exactly what role thc fed- WASH1NGTON (UPI)- The administration asked congress Monday to increase the public debt limit by $20.3 billion to $505 billion Treasury Undersecretary Paul Yolcker told thc house ways and means committee that the current ceiling of $475.7 billion, which expires June 30, had forced the government to operate at low cash balances which left little money available for emergencies. He said the higher limit for fiscal 1975 assumes a $6 billion cash balance, a $3 billion mar- i gin for contingencies and an additional $3 billion contingency tor loans to the federal home loan bank system to finance new housing measures announced by President Nixon Friday. Today s Index Political Talks PARIS I AP)—The Vie! Cong Monday announced it had suspended its talks with the South Vietnamese government on the over to if he fails to work out an accord and 1970, have been discontinued. The department originally told the court about 1,430 persons are involved in a scries of cases awaiting Monday’s decisions. White said "plainly enough, the executive assistant is neither the attorney general nor a specially designated assistant the protesters and remonstrated during his current trip. Lebanese Say Israeli Raid Killed Civilians in ate estimate of damage. High winds tore off the top half of a silo and collapsed a garage onto a car at the Carroll Smith farm southwest of Malcom. About 350 rural homes were without electrical service in the (Continued: Page 3. Col. 7.)    | eral government should play and what role the companies I political future of the country, should play in international oil After 46 fruitless meetings, the negotiations,” he said.    Viet Cong’s Provisional Revolu- of West Virginia, said    that | “I*ut because the supply of    tionary Government    (PRO) said stampeding Nixon into resigna- oil    to this country and the price    it was breaking otf    the confection would undermine the    Con- at    which we purchase that oil    encl' that had been    meeting at stitution.    (is    so terribly important, not    I aCelle St. Cloud    “until the House Speaker Carl Albert j only to our domestic economy Saigon administrative ends its policy, but also to our national sabotage also urged caution, saying the President should be allowed the benefit of the constitutional process. of the talks between security, the government must the two South Vietnamese play a bigger role in the fu- parties and adopts a serious attice.”    titude in the negotiations.” By United Press International Abourezk, who was born The Lebanese defense min- |*api.d C‘.ty’ S D” rc£cived ^ attorney general ” . . „ . A „ J heros welcome when he visited istry announced in Beirut that village last summer and in-six Israeli Phantom fighter-J speeded the former home of his bombers attacked farming communities six miles inside lebanon Monday killing several civilians. There also was heavy Israeli-Syrian fighting in the Golan Heights for the 63rd day. A communique issued in Beirut said four civilians were killed in the attack on the village of Kfeir. hometown of the forbears of Sen. Abourezk. <D-S.D.L They included a mother and her two children, 6 months and 8 years. Another five children between 2 and 8 were reported wounded, some seriously. Nixon Stay Impossible: Schlesinger grandfather. Kfeir has a population about 4.(KH). The area which Israeli warplanes attacked is on the western foothills of Mu Hermon, where Syrian and Israeli troops have been battling for more than two months. Israeli planes have strafed; thc region several times during the past two weeks, but Monday’s attack was thc first in which Lebanese villagers have been killed Lebanese defense ministry communiques Ii a v e reported J several artillery exchanges during thc past two weeks between I the Lebanese army and Israeli All Functions? He rejected the government’s argument that the law vests all of of the justice department’s functions in the attorney general, who then delegates them appropriately. White said as a general proposition, the argument is “unexceptionable.” But he said in this 'particular case the law is specific. In other decisions Monday, the court: Refused to order till* FBI to remove the secrecy label on its files on the John F. Kennedy assassination. Thc action was brought by Harold Weisberg, author of four books on the assassination. He had asked the FBI for its spcc-of bullet Comics 16 Crossword 16 Daily Record 3 Deaths 3 Editorial Feature Ii Farm III Financial 17 Marion 18 .Movies 15 Society 8.9 Sports ll.lt State 1.5 Television 7 Want Ads 20-13 By Kevin Kane Pulitzer prize-winning historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, jr., said Sunday at Coe college that he finds it “impossible to believe” that President Nixon will finish out tits current four-year term of office. Schlesinger kept the majority of a packed Cherry auditorium audience in its seat for nearly an hour-and-a half with an address based upon his new book, “The Imperial Presidency The noted author, although emphasizing that his concerns w i t ti growing presidential powers extended beyond current Watergate-related events, nonetheless had few kind words for the President ‘Time Is Now’ As for impeachment, he de clared: “lf ever a time in American history calls for its invocation, the time is now.” Alluding to claims that impeachment would split the nation and have many disadvantages. Schlesinger contended that there would be “equally damaging” consequences if the house voted not to impeach. Failure to impeach, he maintained, would in effect give President Nixon congressional approval in three questionable areas: — It would say the home was satisfied that the President was following his constitutional mandate to uphold the highest laws of the land — It would remove the President from being held ac countable for the actions of his subordinates. — It would say that congress does not mind the fact that the executive branch was making all its decisions on national security in secret, without declaring publicly or in a message to congress that a security emergency did indeed exist. Schlesinger took issue with the President on all three issues, especially the first, saying that presidential concern with upholding the law was “not precisely the image w Ii i c h springs from the pages*' of the recently-released Watergate tape transcripts. Cheek on Stall As for lilt' President cheek ing up on the actions of his subordinates in the Watergate breakin, Schlesinger said: “If he did not know about Watergate and the cover-up before March 21, 1973. it was only because he did not want to find out . . . the President has all the facilities for finding out.” Schlesinger said he believes there should be some confidentiality allowed to the executive branch, but added, "If the President really eared about confidentiality in the White House, he never should have started taping all those conversations in the first place . . . No Privilege “Committing crimes and covering them up is not a privilege accorded by the Constitution ... it does not apply here.” The two-time Pulitzer prizewinner said these three points will have to be given serious consideration by thc house judiciary committee, along with whether or not Nixon’s submission of edited tape transcripts meets the committee’s request tor evidence. Schlesinger disagreed entirely with the President’s claim of executive privilege as a basis for withholding the tapes. Seven Presidents Executive privilege, Schlc-singer pointed out, has been invoked by seven Presidents — most prominently George Washington and James K. (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8 > troops who try to move along j|r°8raphicanalysis a road on tho Lebanese side of TaK,,,cnts foun,d a‘ *>>e =e«.o of the border.    the Kenncdy shooting in Dallas Israeli communiques said on Nov. 22, 1963, Israel staged air strikes into, ^u‘ * ^ refused the request southern Lebanon Monday 011 Srounds the evidence was against the area known as i Pf,r* "investigatory files corn-“Fatahland,” on thc Lebanese Pded *or ^aw enforcement put* border and suffered casualties P<)ses and thus exempt from from Syrian artillery fire on Freedom of Information the Golan Heights battlefront. ^c*- An Israeli army spokesman Blocked an order that would said morning exchanges of fire have required the Chicago Ii anon Mt. Hermon, the southern sit Authority to accept an im sector of the heights and the peach Nixon” advertisement lor Israeli forward salient jutting I its buses. in the direction of Damascus resulted in injuries to two Is raeli soldiers. They were the first casualties reported since Thursday. A Syrian communique said only that Syrian and Israeli forces exchanged tank and armor fire on Mt. Hermon and other sources of thc Golan front. Agreed to decide if a federal (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6 > toilful* t hue Ii lf A real friend is one who can tell you all his troubles hut doesn t    copy*oC'! ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette