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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 31, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa This business of detente Top priority: Avert flashpoint The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sn., March 31. 1174    9^ By Norman Cousins f|lHlfcRk IS a basic fallacy In much of 4- the thinking about detente. Many people tend to see It as a sort of amity compact or a mutual pledge of friendship. This is not really what detente Is all about. Basically detente is an agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union to avoid violent confrontation on the great issues that divide them. It is an attempt to set specific limits to their differences. In the most fundamental sense, detente seeks to reduce the dangers of a thermonuclear war that could result in a shattering blow to civilization. The recent crisis in the Middle East was a good working demonstration of. what detente is all about. The United States does not wish a change in the Norman Cousins balance of power in the Middle East, with the Soviet Union dominating the area. The Soviet Union feels exactly the same way about the United States. Yet both sides recognize an even greater need to avoid having the Middle East become the nuclear fuse of a world war. Consequently, Mr. Nixon and Communist party Chairman Leonid Brezhnev had no difficulty in agreeing that they had an overriding mutual interest in keeping the Middle East crisis from reaching a point where they would find themselves at war with one another. This is what detente is all about. Detente was never intended to be dependent on changes in the political or ideological structures of the two countries. The repressive measures inside the Soviet Union against Alexander Solzhenitsyn and Andrei Sakharov and others have produced an outcry inside America against detente. Similarly, the fact that the United States congress has not acted swiftly to give the Soviet Union most-favored-ria-tion trade status has been interpreted by some Soviet ideologists as evidence that the United States is undermining the Spirit of detente Obviously, from our point of view, it would be a good thing if the Soviet Union were to abandon its totalitarian structure of government and provide full freedom of expression and freedom of emigration to its citizens. But this is not likely to happen all at once. Nor is the United States apt to change its habits or traditions in order to please the Soviet Union. Both societies are going to go their own way. What is necessary and possible is that they avoid a collision course in so doing. Supporting detente does not mean that we support the repressive policy of the Soviet Union toward its artists, or toward its Jewish citizens, or toward any of its minority groups. Support of detente means only that we recognize the facts of life in a nuclear age. On the official level, the United States and the Soviet Union have identified the arms race as the best place to take hold in reducing the dangers of war. The SALT talks are the most specific expression of this mutual concern. No one in his right mind can disagree with this proposition. At the same time, we can recognize that the SALT negotiators thus far have not addressed themselves to the elimination or reduction of Ideas Judgments Views Insights Comments their nuclear stockpiles. It bas been estimated that both countries, between them, possess 75,000 megatons of nuclear explosive force. This is Hiroshima multiplied hundreds of thousands of times. If only one-fourth of the nuclear explosives in the arsenals of the United States and the Soviet Union were to be used, a large part of the human race outside both countries would be condemned to death. The SALT discussions so far have been promising but they haven’t yet hit pay dirt. This, then, is detente’s true test: whether both sides are going to get at the core danger of the arms race. Public opinion, in the United States and elsewhere, should fix its attention on these essentials. It is equally true that any disarmament must 1)0 tied to the existence of a world organization strong enough to keep the peace. Something has to take the place of the armaments if security is to be assured. Ultimately, therefore, the cause of detente and the cause of a strengthened United Nations are identical. Los Angeles Times Svndlcot* Bicentennial tunneled-under ‘New Left’ kisses the flag By Jenkin Lloyd Jones A MAJOR effort to turn america's approaching bicentennial into a handhold for a leftist revolution is now underway, and it represents a subtle and intelligent reversal of traditional revolutionary strategy. Instead of damning the American tradition, the claim will now be made that it has been betrayed, and that only the New Left can restore the principles of the founding fathers. The vehicle for this new tactic is an outfit called The People’s Bicentennial Commission, located at 1346 Connecticut avenue, Washington, D.C., 20036. For $7 it will send you a full packet of literature including one publication bearing the great seal of the United States. What has apparently happened is a realization that shouting for Lenin, peddling the thoughts of Mao and burning American flags didn’t sell. But let s let a People’s Bicentennial writer tell it in his own words: “We need a plan of attack, a program for taking power ... It has to come out of our ow n life experience and not out of the experiences of Russia or China or Cuba . . . New realities arise and old theories become irrelevant. New methods become necessary. If we expect to be listened to, we have to take a fresh look and build our own plan, abandoning all the old sacred texts on what is to be done.’' The “fresh look” is appealing indeed. One pamphlet is called “The Tree of Liberty”, another “The Light in the Steeple”, and others go under the name of Tom Paine’s “Common Sense”. They are replete with Revolutionary war-era woodcuts and copious quotes from the leaders of that time. There s a “committee of correspondence” and a recognition pin—“Don’t tread on me.” And the listing of America’s great heroes slides easily from Sam Adams, Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin to Bobby Seale, Huey Newton and the Black Panthers. There are, of course, some carryovers from the old New Ijeft program. The traditional value system remains under attack, as witness: “A great many middle-class children and young adults have begun to reject the structure and authority of the family unit, as well as the role and values of their parents in the economic process. “A significant portion of the youth community has come to attack and ridicule the entire set of assumptions upon which the average American adult has rationalized and justified his own existence within the fumily urn! society, including the concept of material accumulation. the notion of postponed gra t if leat ion, the work ethic, competition, filial gratitude for parental sacrifice anc premarital chastity.” Inc luded in the packet is a “teacher s guide” showing how to explain that the “Tories,” that is, free enterprisers, have seized and subverted the pure ideals of the American Revolution. Teachers are buttered up by describing them as victims of the “system.’’ But there is also a high school students’ guide, instructing them how to ride herd on teachers. “If students feel that one teacher is particularly poor, misinterpreting facts, emphasizing the wrong points or using a racist or sexist textbook, by using the Bill of Student Rights, that one particular case can be linked up to the right calling for democracy in the classroom.” Guess what “democracy in the classroom” means. Another pamphlet aimed at high schoolers says: “Start a petition drive among people your own age called ‘I never gave my consent,’ asking for relief from laws that were made without your say-so.” Since no high school students have made any laws, this provides the moral rationale to defy any that displease them. On the college level, it is pointed out how leftist professors could be nurtured on university research grants, and how Jenkin Lloyd Jones Way with words From court to clink By Theodore M. Bernstein JAIL ESPARO. With the threat of incarceration hanging over so many notable heads, the word hoosegow drops from many lips these days. Most of the brains behind those lips probably haven’t any idea where the word hoosegow comes from, so here is a quick explanation Like so many words in our language, it is a borrowing from — and perversion of — the Spanish. In Spanish the word juz gado me uhs a court of justice. When it is recalled that the Spanish j is pronounced like the English h the corruption of juz-gado into hoosegow with the alteration of meaning from court to jail does not seem too far-fetched Sequence of tenses. Two simple sentences will illustrate how the tense of the main verb of a sentence normally governs the tense of the verb in a sutxir-dinate clause. Sentence I: “He promises he will take the dog out before midnight.” Sentence 2: “He promised he will" to “He promised he would” is a conversion to what is called the normal sequence, and the normal sequence is what careful writers employ. But not infrequently a not-so-careful writer will compose a sentence like this "The prosecutor said last night that if the senate committee tries to subpoena material from his office, be would fight the move in court.” Obviously there is an inconsistency in those tenses: said and would are past tense verbs, but tries is a present tense verb. It should be tried. Some of those same writers sometimes follow the said with two present tense verbs, tries and will, and though the inconsistency is not as glaring as that in the quoted sentence, it is not considered good form. One exception to the normal sequence is what is called Hie vivid or exceptional sequence, which is used when the subject matter of the subordinate clause involves a timeless truth or something that is habitual. Examples: “The minister told the children that dishonesty does not pay"; “The child discovered that dogs love a bone.” Inconsistency of tenses may on occasion be inconspicuous, but still be erroneous, ll. I). Wilson of Mena, Ark , sends this specimen from a sports column: "They must have thought Dallas bad been good little boys ult year and drank their milk and made their beds and brought home good report cards.” The had fits with been, made and brought, but does not fit with drank. It s a case in which a drunk hould be introduced. Word oddities: The essence of tense is time. In grammar that is what the word is all about. It derives from tile Old French tens, which in turn comes from the Latin tempus, and that me ins time. Nr* Yolk I Mum Syndic OI* foundation funds could be used to pay “distinguished visiting lecturers and authorities” $1,000 to $3,000 per appearance. Students are urged to protest any participation by their school in programs sponsored by the official American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, and to insist on the substitution of People’s Bicentennial observances. It is announced that taped speeches by “new patriots,” such as The Rev. William Sloan Coffin, Dick Gregory, Reps. Ronald Dellums (D-Calif.) and Bella Abzug (D-N.Y.), and ex-Sen. Fred Harris, are not only available but are currently being aired unde,* the title “In the Public Interest” on a daily basis over 550 commercial, educational and college radio stations. “The Second American Revolution,” proclaims the People’s Bicentennial Commission, “is a big task, but not as big as taking on George III.” So there you have it—the program for observing America’s 200th birthday. The “Internationale” will not be sung. The old hammer-and-sickle banners have been quietly put in the closet. Young America will be marched toward collectivism to the tune of Yankee Doodle and behind frantically waved Old Glory. General Feature* CorporationShop Today 12 to 5 pm Last Day20% off All Men’s Suits Reg.$45 $60 $75$80 $95 Sale $36 $48 $60 $64 $76 All Women’s foundations20% off Reg. Sal* Save $2 1.60 40c $2.50 $2 50c $3 $2.40 6Cc $3.50 $2.80 704 $4 $3.20 804 $5 $4 $1 $6.50 $5.20 $1.30 $7 $3.60 $1.40 $8 $6.40 $1.60 $9 $7.20 $1.80 $10.50 $8.40 $2.10 $12.50 $10 $2.50 Sale ends Sunday April 7 Boys’ Sport Coats and Slacks for Easter Just Irk* dad *. . .polyester knit sport coots with two button style. Fully lined and tailored with side flap pockets, deep center vent comes in solids and patterns. Sires 8-20 Polyester knit slacks to coordinate for Easter.Penn Prest for easy care. Select from solids and patterns. Flare leg style. Cuffed or uncuffed Assorted colors. Sizes 8-20 13“-.19“ 098    Q98 All boys’ Woven Shirts Reg.    Sal*    Save 1.99    1.39    404 2.50    $2    504 2.98    2.38    604 3 98    3.18    804 4 98    3.98    $1 JCPenney We know what you’re looking for. Charge it at JC Penney, 109-Second St. S.E. Coder Rapids. Open 5 Nights A Week Monday thru Friday 9:30-9, Saturday 9-5, Sunday 12-5 . Now it pays to dress her up early for Eastor. Choose from our large selection of spring dresses and pants dresses in pretty Easter-egg pastels. Long, short, one and two-piece styles in dotted swiss, checks, flowers and more. All in easy-to-care-for fabrics. Sizes 1 to 4T, 3 to 6X and 7 to 14. Flowers and frills. Just what a little girl would pick for Easter. ;

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