Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - March 14, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Clearing knight, lows in 30s. Chance of rain Friday, highs in 30s.
VOLUME 92 - NUMBER 63
CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 1974
ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES
WASHINGTON (AP) - The senate lias passed a bill designed to overcome the 1972 supreme court decision against the death penalty.
ITie bill, passed Wednesday by a 54-33 vote,, would restore under certain circumstances the death penalty for treason, espionage or murder. Iowa Sens. Hughes and Clark voted against the bill.
No early action on the bill is expected in the house, partly because its judiciary committee is occupied with an inquiry into the possible impeachment of President Nixon
The vote, after two days of senate debate, revealed sharply conflicting views over the value of the death penalty as a deterrent to crime.
Some opponents also questioned the constitutionality of the bill and others denounced it as morally repugnant Others among those who voted against it were Sens. Percy (R-Ill.) and Kennedy ID-Mass.) both of whom have had immediate members of their family murdered.
Submitted to congress by Nixon a year ago, the bill is designed to overcome the supreme court ruling that the death penalty, as applied under existing laws, was unconstitutional.
A score of states have since passed measures to restore the death penalty, many of them similar to the bill approved by the senate.
An attempt to give judges and juries discretion in imposing the death sentence, even when ag-, gravating factors exist, was de-f feated 47-40 with Hughes and Clark voting with the minority.
The senate also killed two attempts to add riders outlawing the so-called Saturday night specials — the small, cheap handguns used in many crimes.
An amendment which would have banned the manufacture of the guns was beaten, 58-31 and a broader amendment, which would have provided also for registration and licensing of the guns, was beaten, 68-21.
The senate also adopted an amendment prohibiting the execution of a pregnant woman until atter she gives birth. 87-0, but defeated an amendment that would have opened executions to live television, 81-10.
Resulting in Death
The bill would restore the death penalty for espionage,
(Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.)
Ford: Oil Cutoff Over; W hi ie H o use Is U nsure
MIRACULOUS ESCAPE — The front end of a West German army truck rests atop a crushed car after a collision in Munich. Both occupants of the car escaped death or serious injury. The driver was slightly hurt and his passenger suffered shock.
Haldeman Roadblock Against Miller Reported
By Dale Kueter
Copyright, cedar Rtpich Gazette, l»74
Two highly reliable Washington sources have confirmed a report that a person “high up’’ in the Nixon administration attempted early last year to block a federal judgeship appointment for former Iowa Sen Jack Miller.
One of the sources said he had heard both directly and indirectly that H R. Haldeman, President Nixon’s chief of staff, opposed Miller primarily on two grounds.
Those reasons, he said, were Miller’s opposition in 1961 to Spiro Agnew as Nixon’s rurcing
H. R. Haldeman
WASHINGTON (UPI) — Vicepresident Ford said Thursday he had been told that the Arab oil producing countries had agreed to lift their embargo against the US The White House adopted a wait-and-see attitude
And, Secretary of State Kissinger said he has received no word yet.
“Your speculation will be as good as mine,” Kissinger said in a state department briefing
Ford said it was his understanding that announcement would he made in a day or two but his press secretary said later that Ford was relying on news reports for his remarks “I’m told there is no question about it,” Ford said on televise. In recounting Nixon administration accomplishments, the vice-president cited “ending the oil embargo by President Nixon and Secretary Kissinger. I think that's a great diplomatic step to the American people.”
‘Wait and See”
I Asked about Ford’s remarks,
| a White House official said,
“We’re taking a wait and see
attitude” pending Sunday’s re-A.ssn. committee on the judici- sumption of the oil ministers’ ary and the FBI. meeting in Vienna
I he attempt to block Miller. Eord’s press secretary, Paul came in the period before Miltich, said later that Ford’s March I. one of The Gazette's statements were not based on
sources said. “It was known any information he had re-
that this vacancy was coming ceived from Kissinger or other up,” the source said. ,U.S. officials.
The source said he was talk
Algeria, along with Syria arid Libya, had been expected to take a hard line against any easing of the five-month-old em-3argo, according to most press reports.
But a Libyan news agency report indicated Algeria came up with a compromise solution between the position of the hard-liners and the majority faction led by Egypt and Saudi Arabia which favored a complete lifting of the embar-
Quoting “sources close to the conference,” the libyan agency said: “The sources said Algeria called for a lifting of the oil embargo against the United States for two months on the understanding that the embargo would be re-imposed if America did not fulfill its promises dur ing this period.”
In Washington, a spokesman for the Nixon Administration indicated it would release reserve oil supplies to give the American economy a boost as soon as Arab oil starts heading for the U. S. again. But one high official of the Federal Energy Office said a key question was whether the Arabs would resume production at the pre-()c tober level or maintain the cuts of 25 percent or more they or dered to put pressure on countries not affected by the embargo
Plane Hit Mountain; 36 Aboard
BISHOP, Calif. IAP) - A twin-engine chartered airplane carrying a television film crew smashed into a mountainside in the rugged eastern Sierra, killing all 36 persons aboard, officials said Thursday.
A helicopter pilot who spotted the burning wreckage in mountainous terrain six miles east of here and landed at the scene said the Sierra Pacific Airlines Convair 440 had disintegrated.
“They were all dead,” said Mike Antoniou. “All that we saw was a lot of burning. There was no apparent response to yells.
It was a very black night. The plane was disiptegrated The biggest part I saw was the tail section. The bodies were burned very badly.’’
ing just recently with a former White House staffer — “who is
not connected with Watergate”! who also told him of the
He was “basing that comment merely on news report* he bad heard.”
__ “It's my understanding that
judgeship .t one WM available.” Miller continued, "and it »M.whUe House opposition to Mill-the oil embargo has been lift-Miller said the vacancy on the shortly after this time that ll ed ” Ford «uiid
vacancy on the shortly atter mis time mar i ef „He sajd he’was one on the ed” Ford said court did not come up until was contacted to fill out a ques- staff who hed Mil,pr fop the The vice-president said he had
around March I, 1973, at which! tionnaire” judgeship ^,ked earli6r Thursday with
time I am sure the President, Prerequisite , „ (Secretary of State Kissinger
was aware of my desire for tile Miller explained that the J Nixon No Knowledge ,w^0 ^ depn jeacjing efforts to job “The
I questionnaire was a prerequisite “I am sure tile President had have the Arab oil embargo, in-President personally to investigations of his back-no knowledge the senator wac yoked since the Mid-East war in« ” .Turf00 a u.. *---;— d«.i:----” sources began last October, lifted
mate (the senator preferring' ‘ io mvesugauons or ms oat*- no Known
then New York mayor and Re-1 y judgeships, Judge ground by the American Barj interested in anything
Exxon Pays $14 Million Ransom for Executive
publican John Lindsay), and his vote against Earl Butz as secretary of agriculture
Judge Miller, named by the President in late June of 1973 to
the U.S. court of customs and BUENOS AIRES (AP) — Exx-to have been his execution,” the
patent appeals, said in a tole- ons Argentine subsidiary await- Buenos Aires Herald reported phone conversation Wednesday ^ re]ease Thursday of kid-1
he knew nothing of such “block- naped AmeriCan oil * refinery Delivered by Car
age attempts. manager Victor Samuelson; Sources close to the case said
“J wouldn't attribute to Mal- after paying Marxist terrorists the money was brought to Ar-deman or anyone else over a record $14 2 million ransom in 2cntjna in wooden boxes weieh-there being that small,” Judge $100 bills, company sources . . ,
Miller told The Gazette said. mg close to *300 pounds and
Both Washington sources The informants said the com-puffed into the ti link of a car asked not to be named puny had offered $7 million, and dr,ver followed complicated
One formerly associated with when this was turned down *1 flueril,a instructions, from point
_ I threatened to disclose its negoti- * P°ioL to make the payment,
I told The Gazette
Judge Miller said he did not convey his interest in the position directly to the President at J any time, nor did he ever talk (with Haldeman.
Following the investigation, the President on June 28 signed the Miller nomination papers at San Clemente, and they were affa|nst toe flown back for senate action. j against the
Iii Tripoli, Libya, a highranking Libyan official said earlier that the Arabs have agreed to end their oil embargo against the U. S. and the decision may be announced Sunday in Vienna.
Agreement to end the oil war U. S., but not Netherlands, was
_ , , . . reported after a meeting
Qu c Approva Wednesday of nine Arab oil
In near record time, the sen- ministers in a Tripoli hotel, it ate approved Millers appoint- was noj announced officially Dement to the $42,500, lifetime |cause ybva remained firmly job, and on July 6 President opposed to any easing of the Nixon formally approved the embargo and refused to permit appointment. ^e announcement on its territo-
Judge Miller, in commenting jy sources said.
;he senate, said, “Numerous peo-1mreaienen lo uisciese us negoti-,ne Pa>'meni’ on the reasons for the reported A brief communique said the pie in and out of the White at,ons *i,h the guerillas u > sai . , Haldeman opposition said “no ministers adjourned “to consult
House, people working on Ihe ..£ul.1lheJ'.sa'd_, S °"e'n the senate had ^perfect their governments." A Libyan
Revolutionary Army, the ERP It said the final ransom demand
Hill and cnm« mnnnrtsJ with to*d company Samuclson’s Wednesday that the money had Hill and some connected with WOuld be found wrauoed in **en delivered to the People’s
the senate judiciary committee, wou,a 06 0000 wr«W*a 01 K
said there was a blockage at- 3,1 Amen-an flag and that he ♦or™* » was h010? led to his execution,
Monday night when the com- vvo ^ fulfilled Thursday with I*lat Identification pony made last-minute contactiPuhhcMtion in Argentine news-
u * • * nouiioM I He sa**1 t,lat some identified and agreed to the guerillas’ de- PaPers ut an advertisement stat-
months of wmter Uayiigm ^ the pcrson opposed to Miller as mands. U16 that the ransom was “part
“high up,” hinting it was Hal- “The guerillas were reported-j0^ the super-earnings obtained deman. while one flatly ideo- ly extremely impressed by the 10 Argentina through exploifa-tified Haldeman as the one composure of Samuelson, who t‘on °r *ts corkers, blocking Miller’s consideration. Sprayed as he went to what was' ((Continued Page3. Col. 4 ) “Friends of Sen. Miller went
Saving by DST Rated Negligible
mg time hasn’t saved any measurable amount of electricity, according to utility company officials contacted in an Associated Press survey. Officials said electricity consumption in most areas is consider-
Shultz Will Leave Post At Treasury
WASHINGTON (AP) President Nixon Thursday accepted with “a sense of personal regret’’ the resignation of Treasury Secretary George Shultz, effective in early May. the White House said.
The impending departure of the last member of Nixon's original cabinet to still hold federal office was announced by Deputy Press Secretary Gerald Warren.
Noting that Shultz has talked several times of a desire to return to private life, Warren said the 53-year-old economist would continue to “assume special assignments” after leaving the treasury post he has held since June 12, 1972.
Asked if Deputy Treasury Secretary William Simon, who also serves as federal energy chief, would be in line to succeed Shultz, Warren said, “I won’t go down a check list of names.”
Shultz will also leave his dual post of assistant to the President for economic affairs.
He was at the University of Chicago as dean of the business
The propeller-driven plane was chartered by Los Angeles-based Wolper Productions for filming the television series, “Primal Man.”
The flight was bound for Burbank, about 200 miles south of the crash scene, when it smashed into a ridge in darkness shortly after taking off from the Bishop airport Wednesday night, officials said.
About IO Inyo county deputies and reserve officers hiked two miles over rugged terrain to reach the crash site early Thursday, a spokesman said.
Stan Margulies, vice-president of Wolper Productions, said the firm had chartered the plane to transport 31 persons from the cast and crew of “Primal Man” back home Wednesday night.
Mike Gray, a Wolper spokesman, said the passengers included writer-director Dennis Azzarella, actors, stuntmen and technicians One of the dead actors was identified as Janos Prohaska. 51, who has played animals in a variety of roles on television and in movies. His roles included the cookie-mooching bear on the Andy Williams TV show His son also died in the crash
Crew of Five
roll call vote as far as the Pres- source said they would meet ident was concerned again Sunday in Vienna during
I should note that in the first a price-fixing session of the Or- s when named to serve as four years of the Nixon ad- ganization of Petroleum Export- secre^a,y laboi in Nixons
ministration, I was among the Countries ^‘rs* ca^‘net in
top ten percent in those support- He became the first director
ing the President’s programs. mal Penn of new office of Manage-
“Nothing like this (votes Other Arab sources in Tripoli ment and Budget in July, 1970,
against Batz, Haynsworth, etc.) said the embargo was being lift- and served there until Nixon
was ever thrown up to me in my ed for a two-month trial period named him secretary of the
conversations with the White only treasury to succeed John
House ” Clinally
An airlines spokesman rn Bishop said two pilots, an observer pilot, a hostess and a passenger .service represent ative were aboard.
Gray said the crew had traveled to the Mammoth mountain resort area near Bishop because a snow setting was needed to film a Siberian tiger hunt by actors made up to portray Neanderthal men.
The sequence was to be included in the third segment of the four-part series on early man’s struggle for survival, Gr4y said. The sequence was to have been shown May 2.
A tiger had been rented for the filming, but Margulies said the animal was to be returned to Ix)s Angeles by truck
to work oh it, and in the final analysis Haldeman saw he
ably ()W61 , .ia,( c \ would.be faced with strong op-
pected, but credi con^vf position.” if anyone but Miller ani j g n . was undpr consideration for the
tion efforts mild winter
Embargo's End Won't Bring Business-as-Usual
Comics . Crossword Daily Record Deaths
Editorial Features Farm Financial Marion Movies ..
Television Want Ads f
The source said Haldeman was also unhappy with Miller’s opposition to the SST and his I vote against Clement Hayns-; worth, jr., to the U.S. supreme ! court.
'Ihe other .source, still as solvated with the senate, con-
13 . 26 14-17 21-24 4 5 25
IU i firmed the blockage report, saying only that it was someone j' high up” in the administration
Miller, defeated by Dick Clark in a bid for a third term to the senate, said he approached the
WASHINGTON (AP) - The anticipated end of the live month-old Arab oil embargo should relieve U. S. fuel shortages, but it probably won’t bring back business-as-usual Arab spokesmen have al ready issued reminders that the embargo can be used again if things don’t go well in the Middle East, and U. S energy officials don’t want the ii. S to be caught with an even greater dependence on Arab oil if that should happen Those two factors alone add up to the need, already ex pressed by IJ S. energy ut finals, to keep suving fuel
White House in December of 31-35 1972 and again in early January' after the embargo ends
of 1973, “indicating interest in a Just how much the nation
may have to save depends on factors not yet revealed by the Arabs after their meeting Wednesday in Tripoli
A high Libyan official told a newsman the Arab nations decided to lift the embargo.
But he did not say when, or w h e t h e r Arab production would return to pre-embargo levels; or whether it would he increased to meet rising U. S. demand: or whether Arab oil prices, tripled since September, may be reduced.
Counting tanker travel time, processing time and distribution time, it may take six to eight weeks for Arab oil to begin reaching the U S mar
ketplace once (he embargo ends
U. S. officials estimate it could take up to three months for oil imports to return to pre-embargo levels.
But U. S petroleum de mand has been rising steadily each year, domestic produc hon has stagnated, and officials sav new demands can only be met by increased imports tor the next few years, mainly from the Middle East lf the Arabs decide not to increase production, the U. S may have to conserve oil with increasing stringency until new energy resources can be developed On the other hand, if the
Arabs make available unlimited oil imports, V. S. officials may still press fuel conservation to keep those imports down.
When the embargo struck last October, the U. S. depend ed on the Arabs for about i2 percent of its petroleum and the pinch hurt. It would hurt a lot more if a new embargo came after U S, imports of Arab oil were allowed to reach 20 or 30 percent.
That is why energy chief William E. Simon says his toughest job will be to carry through on present policies for fuel conservation and energy development after the em
The plane hit at the 7,(XXMoot level of the White mountains,
which range up to 8,800 feet
high, according lo reports from Inyo national forest officials, the Inyo county sheriff, the Fed eral Aviation Administration and the Civil Air Patrol.
The weather was clear at the time of the crash.
The FAA said the cause of the crash was not known. Officials would bring no relief at all to said no distress call was
the problem of paying for ma(je
foreign oil at the new, high 1 ____ ____
prices. In fact, unless the Newspaperman Drowns
prices were reduced, the in ANCHORAGE\ Alaska (AP) crease of imports would onlv Bernard Kosinski, 54, general
make the balance of pay- )mana^er 0f the Anchorage
Daily Times, was drowned Tuesday in a swimming ac cident in Hawaii.
bargo and, with it, the immediate emergency ends *n end to the embargo
merits problem worse Secretary of State Kissinger, at a U S.-summoned meeting of large oil-importing nations last month, set a foreign price rollback as one of his major goals, hopefully to be achieved through an all-embracing (*onference of oil producing and consuming nations this spring
I tufa a's ihurkle
Work may not be as hard ax it used to be, but ifs certainly
a lot more taxing.