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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 10, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather-- Clear tonight with lows near 30. Mostly sunny mid war in e r Tuesday with highs in 70s. Ut1 Cedrin1- l\tumta ©njcWc CITY FINAL 15 CENTS VOLUME ‘12 NUMBER 152 CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, .JUNK IO, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMESNIXON HEADS FOR MID - EAST President Defends Su bp oena Refusals WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon refused again Monday to honor any more house impeachment inquiry subpoenas, writing to House Judiciary Committee Chairman Rodino that he will do nothing which would “render the executive branch henceforth and forevermore subservient to the legislative branch.” Nixon’s six-page letter to Rodino was in response to the committee’s subpoena for tapes. of 45 conversations related to the Watergate scandal. The letter was released by the White House. Nixon also reasserted his claim to be the sole judge of what evidence should be surrendered in the Ellsberg breakin case, despite warnings from a federal judge that he may be risking contempt. Through his chief defense attorney, James St. Clair, Nixon told Judge Gerhard Gesell that the materials sought by former White House aide John Ehrlich-man are “properly the subject of executive privilege” and thus the President alone can decide whether to surrender them. And in a third action Monday invoking executive privilege, Nixon moved to block Watergate prosecutors from obtaining a portion of a Sept. 15, 1972 Coupal Accepts Federal Position AMES (AP) — Iowa Highway Director Joseph Coupal will become deputy federal highway administrator if he clears “political and security” investigations, Coupal said Monday. Coupal has been recommended for the number two job in the federal highway administration under Administrator Nor-bert Tieman. The appointment probably wouldn’t be made before the end of June, pending completion of the required paperwork, Coupal said. Coupal, 51, a New Hampshire native, has been Iowa highway director for eight years, heading the state’s largest agency with some 4,300 employes. Qoupal earns $30,(XX) a year and would make $38,000 as deputy administrator. He had been mentioned as a candidate to head the new Iowa department of transportation. The deputy administrator’s post has been vacant since the death last January of Ralph Hartelsmeyer of Illinois. tape dealing with alleged White House attempts to use the Internal Revenue service for political purposes. Nixon told Judge John Sirica That he believes the conversation is covered by executive privilege and thus should not be submitted to a grand jury that is investigating the allegations. “Full Story” The judiciary committee voted 37 to I on May 29 to subpoena the tapes, even though Nixon had already refused to comply with an earlier subpoena from the committee and had said he would reject any further subpoenas for material related to Watergate. Nixon declared again Monday that “the voluminous body of materials that the committee already has . . . does give the full story of Watergate insofar as it relates to presidential knowledge and presidential decisions.” Nixon said that “if the institution of an impeachment inquiry against the President were per mitted to override all restraints of separation of powers, this would spell the end of the doctrine of separation of power; it would be an open invitation to future congresses to use an impeachment inquiry, however frivolously, as a device to assert their own supremacy over the executive, and to reduce executive confidentiality to a nullity.” Inference Rodino had written Nixon on May 30 that committee members could draw an adverse inference if Nixon refused to supply subpoenaed material. But Nixon said that a claim of privilege “must be accepted without adverse inference —or else the privilege itself is undermined, and the separation of powers nullified.” Nixon said: “I am determined to do nothing which, by the precedent it set, would render the executive branch henceforth and forevermore subservient to the legislative branch, abd would thereby destroy the constitutional balance. “This is the key issue in my insistence that the executive must remain the final arbiter of demands on its confidentiality. just as the legislative and judicial branches must remain the final arbiters of demands on their confidentiality.” “Call Witnesses” Nixon said that if the commit- (Continued: Page 3, Col. 6.) ★ ★ ★ Expresses Hope for Com Yield 'Journey for Peace' n. _ NGTON (UPI) — Ex-1 Wednesday morning following a; ilwUHwllwII Is Possible WASHINGTON (UPI) — Ex- Wednesday morning following a pressing hope that he is starting three-hour, 45-minute fight from on “a new journey for peace,” Salzburg. From Cairo, he will President Nixon left Monday for go, in order, to Jiddah, Saudi a tour of five Middle East na- Arabia; Damascus, Syria; Tel tions.    Aviv, Israel, and Amman, Jor By Al Sweglc “We believe this trip, like the before^    ■ Fast central other journeys we have taken, will contribute to that lasting , .    , a ----   Iowa    crop ob- mgton after an overnight stop,servers are ranking this year’s  _________ ________*n *be Azores — a    week from planting season as the worst    of peace to which    we    as    Americans I Wednesday.    the past three wet springs, are so deeply dedicated,” Nixon Vice-president Ford and the Farmers can expect from a 40 said in a brief speech as he and j ambassadors of the nations to 50 percent yield reduction on Mrs. Nixon left the White House Nixon wi!1 be visiting were on corn planted past the tenth of on the 15,000-mile, nine-day trip. band for the whlte House de- June, and extension officials in Journey    for    Peace    parture ceremony.    the rain soaked central    Iowa “Our Prayers”    region are reporting only    80    to Nixon thanked a large group    *    95 percent of the corn acreage of foreign diplomats and gov-' ‘Let me express our appreci- planted as of today, ernment officials for coming to ation for the great job you have see them off and said, “We hope done, Ford said to Nixon On “Tougher” “Things are definitely tougher than last year,” Jerry Gogan, and believe this will be another behalf of 211 million Americans journey for peace.”    • • • we wish y°u wed and our The President likened his trip Prayers wid be with you every I Cedar Rapids area extension to historic visits to mainland ^ are S°nc- ul us say on croPs spcciatist, said Monday. China and the Soviet Union I behalf of a11 Americans, God “This is the tenth of June, and Those were the first trips to ei- bless you    we get a11 the corn in- We ther Communist capital by a sit- Ford’s comments echoed got 80 to 90 percent of the corn ting American President ami he ‘God bless Nixon ’ shouts of Panted in this area, the hardest noted that he would be the first’MOO avid Nixon supporters Sun-jnR i^the state. President to visit four of the (Continued: Page 3,’Col. 7.) countries on his Mid-East agen-___ da. The rest will go to soybeans now.” -UPI Telephoto President Nixon Waves as He and First Lady Prepare To Depart Miranda Decision Eased WASHINGTON (AP) — The|Of his privilege against compul-jclude aliens from all federal sory self-incrimination as suchjj°bs- supreme court ruled Monday that the failure of police to inform a defendant of his full legal rights does not bar the use j procedural safeguards associator all evidence obtained from' ed with that right since Miran-him.    da,” the court said. The court, in an 8-to-l ruling. \ Judice Douglas dissented, reversed a lower court decision The U. S. circuit court in Cin-overturning the rape conviction cinnati had overturned Tucker’s    grounds    a    Federal    Power    Com- of a Michigan man who was not conviction because police relied    misjlon    ord^r    exempting    small j    r    i    producers    of    natural    gas    from . °Sf‘^ 0n Tucker s statement lo |ocate <lirect feriera, regulation. Thc but rather failed to make avail- Ruled that states using federate to him the full measure of li\ ^un(!s t0 provide teachers for educationally deprived children in public schools must provide comparable, but not necessarily identical, service to children in private schools. Invalidated on technical “Both of those journeys were ones that had a profound impact I Q I iTl C ^ y p I | not only on the relations of the i i £* q I • nations involved but also on U* O. DclCKinQ building a structure of peace for ^    ^ the whole world    De 6 V “This trip will take us to    uc,a/ part of the world that has CAIRO — The governments of known nothing but war over the Kgypt an(j the United States past 30 to 40 years.    And as    we    bave agreed to delay the next go to five nations — four    that    round of the Geneva peace con-! have never been visited by an ference on the Middle East un American President    before    —    til at least the end of September j ham    Lotz    of    Independence,    Bowe realize that one    trip is    not    or early October, according to^chanan    county    extension    direc going to solve differences that' highly placed diplomats. are very deep, that go back iii The American-Egyptian de-some cases, many years, and in sire for delay is shared by Is-some cases centuries.    |    rad but opposed by Syria and “But we also realize that a the Soviet Union, both of which, beginning must be made.” j for different reasons, continue Referring to cease-fire agree- to be pressing for an early sum-ments that Secretary of State mer meeting, the sources said. Kissinger - who accompanied    Thp    s    jan, arc understofld him on the trip - negotiated be-,    ^    anxlous    fxploit the Extension officials reported 95 percent of the corn planted in Jones county, 90 percent planted in Iowa county, 85 percent in Cedar county, and 90 percent in Linn county. But farther north, extension officials in Buchanan and Delaware counties reported corn planting there is 99 percent complete. “We didn't get the hard rains you got two weeks ago,” Wil- tor. said Monday. Ray’s Action A wide, east-west belt across central Iowa was hit hardest by the severe storms in May and June. The storms have prompted Gov. Robert Ray to ask federal declaration of disaster for 36 counties in the rain belt. that he had a right to legal counsel. Fully Advised Colson Warned Nixon Before March 21: Time The decision limits the scope cour*. of the landmark Miranda deci-i    . sion requiring that criminal de i ReJccted 5*3 attempts by thi-fendants be fully advised of ca™ leader Reies Lopez Tithed- legal rights.    jerina to overturn his conviction Writing for the court. Justice for assault on a deputy sheriff. Rehnquist acknowledged that He originally was charged with a key witness who testified'court said the commission’s against him.    order    was too vague and sent In other actions Monday, the maRer back 1° the commis- kidnaping. Agreed to decide whether the NEW YORK (AP) - Time magazine says ex-White House aide Charles Colson told Water-g a t e investigators that he warned President Nixon about the Watergate cover-up two months before Nixon says he found out about it. Quoting “knowledgeable people close to Colson,” the magazine said in its latest issue that Colson has told the investigators he talked of the cover-up with the President in January and February of 1973. . Nixon has said he learned on March 21, 1973, of attempts to cover up the breakin from former White House counsel John Dean. “Something Going On" Colson pl til guilty last week to obstruction of justice in connection with the burglary of the Los Angeles office of Daniel Ells berg’s psychiatrist. According to Time, in January Colson “told the President: ‘Something is going on here that is very wrong. There s got to bt* an investigation.' Colson quotes Nixon as replying, What do you think we ought to [Jo?’ Colaon’s answer: Til see what I can find out ’ Time said ‘hat by February Colson learned of payments to the original Watergate defendants that allegedly were approved by former Attorney General Mitchell. “Colson promptly warned the President that these payoffs were taking place,” Time said. “Nixon’s alleged reply: ‘What do you mean? Mitchell says lie’s innocent’.” “Take You with Him" The magazine’s account said Colson told II. R. Haldeman, then-White House chief of staff, that Mitchell must come forward and accept blame for the payoffs. “Haldeman answered: 'If Mitchell goes, he’s going to take you with him’," said Time. Time also said that Colson told investigators he discussed executive clemency with Nixon for convicted Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt after Hunt’s wife was killed in a Chicago plane crash in December, 1972, However, the magazine said it could not be learned if Colson contended Nixon approved the clemency. police failed to provide Thomas Tucker the full range of rights guaranteed by the 1966 decision. Bul, he said. “Just as the law, 1''<,<!eral Pow" Commission has does not require that a defend- unprecedented authority to li-ant receive a perfect trial, only;cense nearly all fossil fuel a fair one, it cannot realistically p^gj. pjants require that policemen inves-j .    .    .    ,    ,, 1 Agreed to decide the constitutionality of a provision in the sion for further proceedings. C.R. Airport Is Reopened tween Israel and Egypt and between Israel and Syria, Nixon said: Proud Part “A beginning has been made toward a different relation and a better relation between the nations in that area. We have been proud to play a part in that beginning.” His trip, the President said, will “provide an opportunity to reaffirm our support for these initiatives that have been undertaken, to explore ways that we can have new and better relations between the United States and each nation in the area . . . and also explore ways in which . Ray said Monday he is con-momentum created by the re- siderjng asking fedcra, o(ficials rent Nrueli-Synan troop dis- ] t0 add four more counties to tho list because of the additional heavy rainfall this past weekend. The four counties are Marshall, Story, Hardin and Madison. engagement agreement in the Golan Heights. The Soviets, who have been almost entire-ily frozen out of the regional diplomatic processes in the last several months, are im-patient to go to Geneva in an active role as co-chairman of the conference together with the U. S. The date and the terms of reference of the Geneva conference w ill be one of the principal subjects that Arab and Israeli leaders will raise with President Nixon. The Americans and Egyptians that policemen inves tigating a serious crime make no errors whatsoever,’’ Rehn-llo_,    .    ,    .. quist wrote “Before we penal-1 971 ,'ed,'ral Klocl °" ize police error, therefore. wefcX"g cer,lf,ca'10n ,hal must consider whether the sane-. lion serves a valid and useful g political    advertis- is not paid for with campaign funds, purpose    T    n Rehnquist said it was signifi-    Agreed    to    decide if    the    Civil    pavements cant that Tucker was questioned j^crvdce    Commission    can    ex-1    continuing. prior to the Miranda ruling. The court said Tucker, when questioned about the 1966 beating and rape of a Pontiac woman was advised of his right; to remain silent and his right to I Associated Tress those    nations in the    area    may;are convinced that    several | have    better relations    with    each months of Intensive    behind-the- Intersection repaving at the otbcr and build toward the per- scenes consultation are needed Cedar Rapid* a,rpurt was com-; man,en'and '^ “nd just and to prepare the ground for the .    ..    .    . j I equitable peace that all of them, I Geneva conference and save it pleted over the weekend, and we know want and certainly from ultimate failure normal flight operations re-that we want.”    ’    The    biggest    and    most    immedi- sumed at midnight Sunday.    Before heading for Cairo ate obstacle to the conference Air traffic had been halted Wednesday, the President and lies in the fact that Israel and since last Monday for the mid-ihis party wil1 stop off for tw0 the majority of Arab states take field work In addition to resur- mghtS m the Austr,an city of seemingly irreconcilable posi-Held work.    in    addition    to    resur    Salzburg This wi„    give    him tions on the issue of PaIcstine facing    of    the    intersection,    a    por-    tjme    t0 g(q accustomed to the The two sides have    committed tion of the runway was widened so-called jet lag. There is a themselves publicly. and improvements were made I seven-hour time differential bein lighting and drainage.    tween Washington and the Mid- ' Further repaving and im- die East ?tops on his schedule. at the airport are He flies to the Egyptian capi-! tai for a lavish welcome Israel declared Sunday that she would not sit at a conference table with a delegation (Continued: Page 3, Col. 8.) Storm Toll: 23 Lives, $55 Million have an attorney present but not of his right to have free legal counsel as required by the Miranda decision. Not Deprived “A comparison of the facts in this case with the historical circumstances underlying the privilege against compulsory selfincrimination strongly indicates that th*' |K)lice conduct here did not deprive respondent (Tucker) l»(fni/.v { buckle TV announcer: “Because of the following special program, ‘Th<* Invisible Man’ will not be seen tonight."    copvhom Mi nasi. wyjajCTiMiniiittj    u Federal and state officials worked Monday to help residents of three states recover from weekend tornadoes and 11 nods that caused 23 deaths, injured hundreds and caused $55 million in damage. Before leaving for his Middle East tour Monday, President Nixon declared 12 counties of Oklahoma disaster areas, making them eligible tor federal disaster relief. Oklahoma Gov. David Hall, who took a helicopter tour of some of the worst-hit areas Sunday, estimated damage as high as $26 million. Officials in Kansas esti mated that damage there exceeded $20 million In Arkansas, weekend flooding was responsible for four deaths and an estimated $9 million iii damages, authorities said. Late Sunday night a tornado hit a dormitory at Ferris St a lo college in Big Rapids, Midi, causing some damage and one minor injury. The twister, one of several which pasi'ed through the north central part of the lower peninsula, also blew away about 70 percent of the roof at Riverview elementary school. The National Weather Service said the tornadoes that struck Saturday were part of a storm system almost as powerful as the one that struck the Midwest on April 3 and killed some 300 persons. Thirteen persons were killed in Oklahoma and six in Kansas on Saturday, officials reported. About 250 persons were injured when twisters struck 13 towns and cities in Oklahoma. In Tulsa, about 1,300 structures were destroyed or damaged by as many as four tornadoes. Nearly one-fourth of Tulsa’s 330,000 residents were without electricity Sunday night. Public Service Co. crews in Tulsa had to rebuild some high-voltage distribution systems, a PSC spokesman said. In Emporia, Kan., a tornado described by witnesses as a mile wide left six persons dead and destroyed 150 homes and apartments, a shopping center and IO mobile homes. The town’s two hospitals treated nearly 200 persons. In Drumwright, Okla., where five persons were killed, Saturday’s tornado was an 18 year-old rerun. Five persons were killed and 70 homes and buildings were destroyed in the town of about 3,000 on April 3, 1956. A survey Sunday of Drumwright showed 94 homes destroyed, 118 damaged and one school “blown away." “Last year we did not have nearly as much corn washed out by the rains as we did this year,” Richard Freeman of Fairfax, Linn county extension director, told The Gazette. “We’ve had more stand loss because of the heavy rain this year.” In Jones county, Joe Legg of (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) Rock-Throwing Binge Shatters Windows in City Persons on a rock-throwing binge apparently caused several thousand dollars worth of damage to windows in Cedar Rapids over the weekend. Police received calls from 48 residents and businesses saying large rocks had been thrown through front windows. Several of the windows broken were valued at $200 and up. Most of the windows were broken Saturday and Sunday nights. The windows were broken in all parts of the city. Police believe juveniles were involved. Today s Index Comics ....................17 Crossword ......  17 Daily Record    .. .......  3 Deaths  ..................3 Editorial Features...........6 Farm ...... 12 Financial ................. IS Marion ......................7 Movies .........  ...    ll Society ..................... 8 Sports ................ 13-16 State ....................4,5 Television ,,    .        IU Want Ads ........   19-23 -1 ;

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