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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - June 6, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Weather- Chance of rain tonight and Friday. Low tonight 60. High Friday, 70s. VOLUME 92 - NUMBER 148 he HWdnr CITY FINAL 15 CENTS CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, THURSDAY, JUNE 6, 1974 ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMESNIXON NAMED CONSPIRATOR Policeman, Sniper Die; 10 Injured Gazette Leased Wires OMAHA — A shotgun-wielding ex-convict killed a policeman and wounded eight other officers and two civilians before he emerged from a flaming rooming house and was shot to death early Thursday, police said. Police Chief Richard Andersen said Elza Carr, 33, had held police at bay with an automatic shotgun for more than four hours before he came out of a flaming, tear gas-filled rooming house on Omaha’s near north side. The chief said Carr was firing the weapon at officers as he opened a door on the porch. Police returned the fire and Carr was killed in the exchange, he said. Harassed by Blacks Angry young blacks, who had watched the drama during a night filled with sometimes heavy thunderstorms, surged into the combat area objecting to the way the police had gunned Carr down, jerked his body off the steps and dropped it on a sidewalk. The crowd, estimated at more than IOO persons, dispersed but only after a woman was shot. She was not believed seriously wounded, Andersen said he was uncertain who fired the shot. Throughout the siege, police were openly harassed by blacks, several of whom flaunted police barricades and walked within firing range of the sniper. Patrolman Killed Andersen said Patrol man Paul Nields, about 26, died at a hospital of a head wound suffered at about 12:45 a m. when he entered the house as police urged the sniper to surrender. Authorities said Nields, married and the father of two, was among officers who launched tear gas about 2(4 hours after £arr had fired from upstairs in the two-story frame structure. They said another officer went to the house after the gar had been fired and opened the. door. Nields, a five-year veteran of the force, was shot in the front doorway of the building,! they said. Andersen said he authorized firing tear gas into the front of i the home, but no one was au-j thorized to enter it. D-Day Remembered —Gazette Photo bv John Mdvor John W. Maher, 837 Fifth avenue SE, looked at page one of The Gazette's invasion extra of 30 years ago Thursday and reminisced about the invasion. He was a member of the 357th infantry, 90th infantry division, which participated in the landing. He landed in France on June 7, one day after the initial landing. John now is a driver for a Cedar Rapids taxicab company. Thursday was the first time he had seen the D-day extra, he told the photographer. St. Clair Confirms Vote By Cover-Up Grand Jury WASHINGTON (AP) — Presi-j and Gordon Strachan; former the beginning as “part of an ex-dential lawyer James St. Clair Assistant Attorney General Rob-Thursday confirmed published ort Mardian; and Kenneth Par-reports that a federal grand kinson, a former attorney for jury voted earlier this year to the President’s re-election com-name President Nixon as an mittee. unindictcd coconspirator in the Ear|icr thi, wcck Co,son Watergate eovcr-up.    j p|e(j guilty to a single charge St. Clair told newsmen that he of obstruction of justice. was informed of the grand    “No Legal Effect" jury s action three or four weeks ago by special prosecutor St. Clair said the grand jury’s Leon Jaworski.    action has “no legal effect.” Asked what the President’s reaction was, St. Clair said, “His view, of course, is that they just don’t have all the evidence ... I think he felt it was quite inappropriate . . . He was confident that the true facts would come out in time and that he would be exonerated.” U n i n d i cted co-conspirators are not charged with a crime and cannot be prosecuted under the indictment in which they are named. “It wouldn’t be the first time a grand jury was wrong,” he said. St. Clair made his comments as he entered a closed session of the house judiciary committee’s impeachment inquiry. John Doar, the chief counsel for the inquiry, said, “I can’t get into that,” when asked if he had been informed of the grand jury’s action. Not Told Most committee members said Indicted Seven    they    had    not been told about The same grand jury returned tbe £rand jury s action. indictments on March I against seven former Nixon administration and campaign aides for allegedly conspiring to block the investigation of the Watergate breakin. The grand jury also handed Judge John Sirica a sealed report and a satchel filled with evidence it had accumulated bn the President’s alleged role in Watergate. Old Soldiers Pay Tribute To Comrades OMAHA BEACH, France (UPI) — Thirty years after their longest day, allied war veterans led by Gen. Omar Bradley, 81, returned to the D-day beaches of Normandy Thursday and paid tribute to their fallen comrades. At Bayeux, American old soldiers were joined by a French delegation led by the armed forces minister, Jacques Soufflet, and walked in VS^AAAAAA^^VVVWVVW^^VVVW» (Photo on Picture Page) NASA Projects 72S Flights for Space Shuttles in 12-Year Period Chairman Rodino (D-N.J.) who at first indicated he didn’t know about the action, later said, “It is not correct to say I didn't know ... I was aware.” Rep. Fish (R-N.Y.) said, “There is the analogy between us and the grand jury and here’s one grand jury that has already acted.” But Rep. Mayne (R-Iowa) said, “The committee itself should be able to make its own The Ixjs Angeles Times re-ported Thursday that the grand, Jud«mcnt„on ,,lc wel«ht of lhe jury voted unanimously to in-|evi ence elude the President among the. “Extensive Pattern" unindicted co-conspirators in the Jaworski said in court 1 case    Wednesday    the Watergate The Washington WASHINGTON (AP) — The spaceship and land on a con-purposes such as reconnais- | sance. Nine European nations — Belgium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom — are de- U. S. plans only one manned space flight in the next five years. But starting in 1979, Americans will fly into orbit on will be able to make IOO an airline schedule, with 725 more roundtrips into orbit. crete runway like an airliner. The size of a DC-9—which can carry 90 to 110 passengers—it' Post, which said it had confirmed the Times story from three separate sources, reported the grand jury vote was 19 to 0 with four members absent. cover-up would have been revealed much sooner had not top government officials lied from tensive pattern of criminal actions.” The prosecutor said that Ehr-lichman and Mitchell “not only falsely withheld their knowledge (of the breakin) from government investigators, but also made use of that superior knowledge in performing various criminal actions designed to frustrate the investigation.” In briefs filed with Sirica, Jaworski said that while Ehrlich-man and Mitchell were fully aware of the details of the break-in, they told FBI agents all they knew came from the newspapers. Mitchell was interviewed by the FBI July 5, 1972, 18 days after the breakin. Ehrlichman talked to agents July 21. “Exceeded Investigators” “The government is prepared to prove that at the time of their respective FBI interviews each defendant had extensive knowledge of the facts surrounding the Watergate breakin, knowledge which far exceeded that of the investigators themselves,” Jaworski said. Among other accusations, Mitchell and Ehrlichman are charged with lying to the FBI agents who interviewed them. Jaworski offered to give the cover-up defendants relevant parts of presidential tapes of talks in which they participated. But he drew the line at providing them access to other tapes, original grand jury testimony, statements of unindicted co conspirators and Central In- (Continued: Page 16, Col. 4.) Both Sought Charges newspapers said the flights projected over a 12-year NASA officials discussed the veloping at a cost of $400 million jurors first wanted to include period.    I    shuttle    and    its    over-all soace a sma11 space slation ca,,ed a Nixon among the defendants in; Israelis, Syrians Make Final POW Exchange That’s more than one mission a week, with four to seven persons on each. Among the travelers will be men and women scientists and researchers of many lands. The flights will be for working personnel only, and in space transportation plan for the 1980s Spacelab. the case but decided against in- Associated Press 'soldiers set up camp in the do lt is to be hoisted into orbit by    dieting him because of legal    Israel and Syria exchanged    strayed Syrian    city of Quneitra, at a briefing Wednesday. NASA a shuttle in 1980, and it also will    question? over whether an in-    their    last POWs from the Oc-    one of the two    pieces of territo- sees itself becoming a “trucking be reusable. Several teams of    eumbent President could be in-J°ter    war Thursday, and Red    ry captured ini    the 1967 war that agency" to deliver people and European researchers are to in-    dieted. The Post said Jaworski    Cross    planes flew them home    Israel payloads into space for com-jhabit the station for periods up;advised the grand jury thatTrorn Tel Aviv and Damascus lu,,th" an indictment would , to a month to conduct expen se To Come But” Following Nields’ shooting, Omaha Mayor Edward Zorinsky, on the scene with his public safety director, Richard Both, told Andersen, “I don't want any more patrolmen shot.” Both, former head of the secret service in Omaha, added, “We can always wait until morning. He’s got to come out." Flames engulfed the house in late stages of the incident, apparently ignited by tear gas canisters. Three other persons inside the house when the shooting started managed to escape without injury. Andersen said pellets from the man’s weapon had hit eight other officers, a man who had (Continued: Page 3, Col. 5.) Wife of Chain Head Kidnaped PHILADELPHIA (AP) -Mrs. Jack Freidland. wife of the president and chief executive officer of Food Fair Stores, a supermarket chain, was abducted at gunpoint from her home Thursday, police reported. Tmitt a's Chuckle Americans are people who insist on living in the present —tense,    Copyright solemn procession to the Memorial of the Liberation to lay wreaths. At Omaha Beach, where American troops landed, there wa* a religious service at the U. S. cemetery and a wreath-laying at the national guard monument, which was specially erected for the 25th anniversary. Further ceremonies took place at Point du Hoc, where rangers stormed ashore and climbed a seemingly impossible cliff. The 90th division was honored at Carentan and Gen. Maxwell Taylor’s airborne troops at St. Mere L’Eglise, where a private once dangled bv his parachute from the church steeple and watched hand-to-hand fighting in the square below'. A total of 130.000 men landed on the Normandy beaches June 6, 1944. There were 9,-000 casualties, including 3.000 dead. It was history’s biggest seaborne operation, commanded ! by Gen. of the Army Dwight I). Eisenhower, and proved the beginning of the end for Adolf Hitler, funneling eventually onto the shores of France a mass of human beings larger than the population of Pittsburgh. Among the American veterans who came to Normandy to re-live the day with Bradley, who played a major role in planning the Invasion, were Taylor. Gen. Mark Clark, Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Gen. Ira Faker and representatives of seven U. S. veteran groups. U. S. Ambassador to France John Irwin was among them. Rusted metal skeletons and an occasional slab of concrete poked through the sand, the last vestige of Hitler’s Fortress Europe. mercial users, other govern dividuals will not be able to ment agencies and    foreign gov-    ments in earth resources,    as book passage to take sightsee- ernments.    tronomy,    physics, communi ing trips into space.    In    effect, passengers will buy ca*ions arjd metals processing. A full passenger load of seven seats on a    shuttle to conduct ex- will mean a per-person cost of periments    in orbit    for periods    fox GS Stolen about $1.5 million.    up to 30 days. Those making the _    /** Q 7 Seven Shuttles    *rip wil1 share the estimated from C./\. LOO $10.5 million cost of each mis-Dr. Myron Malkin, director of sjon That compares with a $450 the space shuttle program, said million pricetag for an Apollo the cost of developing two shut- Space mission, in which nothing tie vehicles by 1979 will be $5.15 was reusable. billion — which is one-fifth the cost of the Apollo program. Throwaway Rockets With the high projected launch! Initially, the shuttle will be rate, he said NASA probably,used to place communications, will need seven shuttles in the weather and scientific satellites 1980s, with five extra craft into orbit, eliminating the need being purchased from the con- for conventional throwaway tractor, Rockwell International, rockets, lf a payload should have at about $250 million each.    trouble, a shuttle crew could fly To make this launch rate pos- up to repair it or return it to sible, and economical, NASA is earth, developing the shuttle, a Buck The defense department plans    tive    to    Iowa.    were    donated by Rogers-like vehicle that will be to operate 29 percent of the    a    farmer.    Delaney    said    the launched like a rocket, fly like a shuttle missions for military! foxes are not dangerous. Cedar Rapid* News— Two young red foxes were taken Tuesday or Wednesday from their pen at the Bever park zoo. The foxes, both about eight inches long and three to four months old, were removed through a hole cut in their cage. Elmer Delaney, parks superintendent, said someone had to scale a fence to get to the cage. The animals, which arc na is relinquishing along with its October gains. bd Israeli .soldiers released 3671 Israeli military traffic choked Syrians, IO Iraqis and five Mo- the two-lane blacktop roads lead-roecans captured on the Golan ‘ng out of the forward enclave. Heights from their prison camp An army spokesman said the before dawn and loaded jetliners first units were moving out. for the hour-long flight to Svria. ‘we have not evacuated any As the planes left Israel, a part of the enclave,” he said, third Red Cross flight departer “but thcre has been some move- The Post said* the disclosure j 'rom ,D™“CUS    wi‘h 56 smiling    n,e"‘»f J™®*-"    _ came in resoonse to a motion bv Israt>h FOWs aboard.    Meanwhile,    President came in response to a motion ny    Anwar Sadat pledged that all a” sevfn deffda"ts    .    Jubilant    Crowds    Afab tcrritories occuplcd by prosecution list all persons a -. wjicjjy jubilant crowds of! Israel would be liberated by leged to have conspired wi Ii 10.israelis and Syrians poured onto; next June. Touring the Suez defendants named in the int ic {he ajrfjejds at    Damascus an(j    front, he told one group of    his men*    outside Tel Aviv    to welcome the    troops: Sworn to Secrecy    i POWs home. Hundreds of frantic Israelis. an legally questionable. The Post quoted its sources as saying the grand jury naming of the President first became known to defense lawyers in the lease during a closed hearing I before Sirica early last month those in attendance to secrecy after Jaworski disclosed that Nixon had been named an unindicted co-conspirator. Indicted by the grand jury were: former Attorney General Mitchell; former White House aides H. IL Haldeman. John I Ehrlichman. Charles Colson, I Gulag' Links Lenin, Labor Camps PARIS (AP) — Alexander Solzhenitsyn charges in the second volume of his “Gulag Archipelago” that forced labor camps were a part of the Soviet state from its very inception, and not a later invention of Josef Stalin. The new installment of the explosive documentary thus lays the blame for the vast Soviet labor camp system at the feet of Nikolai I^enin, founder of the Soviet Union. Official Kremlin policy has been to term tin’ camps an aberration stemming from Stalin’s “cult of personality.” But Lenin has remained inviolate, and ac-c ii s a t i o ii like Solzhenitsyn’s would be tantamount to sacrilege in the official view. The uproar over the publication in Paris of the first volume last December led to a vicious campaign in the Soviet media and working against Solzhenitsyn and to his at most. he writes. exile in February. He now lives    system with his family in Zurich, Swat-    ‘' 7    I    which started Zeeland. 66 Million People The new 650-page volume [country,” Solzhenitsyn says. It began under Lenin, he says, The Post said Sirica swore all!    . shouting with joy after months of worry, surged around the plane from the Syrian capital and lifted the freed men onto their shoulders. Girl soldiers rn mini-skirts pushed through the jostling mob. handing flowers to the bewildered POWs. One of the first prisoners who managed to shove his way down the airplane ramp grabbed moist-eyed former Premier Golda Meir and kissed her hand. The scene at the Damascus jissue    unt*l tbe Palestinians are bling Soviet economy on its feet:a|rport was evcn vvi|der    asked to join the talks. Since was    “a    cancer    with    a    minimum    of foreign aid.    j Thousands of jubilant Syrians    Israel    refuses to negotiate with at    Solovki    and    “Tile    economic    necessity    de- jbroke through wire barriers and I *be guerillas, this is not likely to lines of paratroopers to sur- happen any time soon. round the jumbo jet from Israeli    1    ........................ when it landed.    :: Two fire engines with sirens for three months strument for keeping the crum- “I visited your positions here in June last year and we made a pledge to meet again today after victory. This year we renew the pledge to meet next year after completing our fight for liberating all Arab territories.” Palestinian leaders meeting In Cairo were reported unable to agree on sending a delegation to I the Arab-Israeli peace talks •when they resume in Geneva. | Informants said most of the Pal-jestine National Council, after five days of debate in the Egyptian capital, favored shelving the spread its growth all over the veloped openly and in the frenzied quest to strengthen the state quickly and without out side help,” Solzhenitsyn writes. in Russian, which goes on sale here next week, continues the but « was Perfected under the “For this purpose it was ncc-'wailmfi raced down either side exiled writer's detailed docu- direction of Naphtali I” r cuke I, a essary to obtain manpower as the strip and tried to halt the mentary account of the vast general in the NKVD secret I cheaply as possible and prefera-jcrowd b*v spaying jets of w ater, forced labor camp system in police and one of Stalin’s favor bly unpaid . . . which made no|B^.tbe crowd, which had wait Todays Index which he spent eight years of his life. He asserts that 66 million people passed through the system between 1913 and 1959. The first camp, he says, was a converted czarist prison on the White Sea island of Solovki north of the Arctic Circle. Unknown thousands died in the early camps, which were intended to keep inmates alive — ilcs. Frankcl himself, like many|demands, was ready lo transfer:1'1 ,l" ,n<1' ,han ,oul from place to place any day.'11"11''1'the hot sun- welcomed the was free of family ties and had no need for housing, schools or hospitals and sometimes not even for kitchens or washing fa- others of Stalin’s cronies, perished in the camps he helped create. Economic Instrument cold shower with cheers and laughter. U. N. Force The first 500 men of the U. N. Solzhenitsyn says the camps eddies. The state could obtain Disengagement Observers were filled under Lenin with po-j such manpower only by swal-j Force meanwhile moved into litical prisoners regarded as lowing its own sons.”    the buffer zone between the hostile to the Soviet system. But! A third volume will conclude s y r i a n and Israeli armies under Frenkel’s guidance Stalin the series. All three were writ-1 Wednesday. Comics ......... ......32 Crossword ........... ...... 32 Daily Record ........ ....... 3 Deaths .............. ....... 3 Editorial Features ... ....... 4 Farm ............... ...... 20 Financial ........... ...... 33 Marion .............. Movies Society .............. ...10-15 Sports ............... ... 23-28 State ................ 8,9 Television 29 Want Ads ........... changed them into an in-! ten prior to 1968 A hundred and fifty Canadian! ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette