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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa %hi t&fdtif ftwpitU Editorial Page Berloski, go in for Andrews!' Friday, July 19, 1974 Railways into bike trails? THOUGH they are separated by less than a mile of water, Wisconsin and Iowa are light years apart in the development of safe, unmotorized bicycle trails. Wisconsin has purchased 185 miles of railroad right-of-way for development into nature trails for cycles, and, according to a feature in the Christian Science Monitor, response has been so enthusiastic that eventual acquisition of 1,000 miles is planned. Establishment of bike trails along abandoned railroad right-of-way is quite cheap. To acquire property for the popular 32-mile Elroy-Sparta state trail, the state of Wisconsin paid a mere $12,000. Beyond that the only expenses have been removal of tracks and ties and application of crushed limestone to make the path navigable for cyclists. Meanwhile, Iowa has no bike trails to compare with those of its scenic northeasterly neighbor. Can cyclists here, no less ardent than the Wisconsin breed, expect similar acquisition of railroad rights-of-way? Maurice Van Nostrand, Iowa commerce commission chairman, said Iowa has seen no significant trend in that direction, because none of the recent rail abandonments have taken place near large population areas where bike trails are in demand. He noted, however, that the situation could change soon. Two little-used railbeds may be proposed for abandonment, Van Nostrand said. One is a lightly-traveled Rock Island railroad branch line running from a point IO‘miles northwest of Cedar Rapids to Independence, Oelwein and West Union. The other is an old Fort Dodge, Des Moines and Southern railroad line (now owned by North Western) running north from Des Moines through Alleman and Huxley to Fort Dodge! “If any (railbeds) such as those come up for abandonment, they could be used not only for cycling but for horseback riding, hiking and other recreational activities,” Van Nostrand said. He believes development of such areas would logically be handled by county conservation commissions. Would the state be interested in transforming railroad rights-of-way into bike trails? “We (the commerce commission) originally suggested a bill providing that in the event that a railroad abandons operations, right-of-way could not be sold or revert to the original property owner until all other transportation potential — including recreation and conservation — is explored,” Van Nostrand said. Though universally popular in concept, the bill was dropped. Those studying the proposal foresaw massive complications in applying new law in the face of complicated old statutes governing disposal of railroad right-of-way. The job of mothballing ancient provisions in favor of a public-oriented law would be challenging, indeed — but not prohibitive if enough citizens petitioned for the change. So far, most of the clamor for bicycle paths in Iowa has been aimed at cities and the highway commission. Officials are asked to somehow provide absolutely safe paths adjacent to streets and highways. A more promising way to go — for recreation purposes, at least — is to follow Wisconsin’s lead and watch for the propitious rail abandonments Mr. Van Nostrand predicts will take place. Privilege wearing out FOUR TIMES in the course of coverup attempts concerning action that was either illegal or questionable, according to the senate Watergate committee’s final report, witnesses took refuge in the sanctity of lawyer-client relationships. Interestingly, this led to a recommendation that state and local bar associations restudy their positions on attor-ney-client privilege in the light of those abuses. “A strong attorney-client privilege is essential to the effective function of our legal system,” the committee pointed out. “It must be broad enough to encourage full disclosure by client, including disclosure of past cri- Spacelife’s meaning By Jim Fiebtg WHEN OUR Viking spacecraft marks America’s 200th birthday with a soft landing and subsequent search for life on Mars, more earthlings than you tbink will be wishing it the worst of luck. Some of the ill-wishers, victims of too many fanciful science-fiction movies, fear a discovery of extraterrestrial life would pose an automatic threat to human existence. Others flatly scorn the possibility because it doesn’t jibe with their religious beliefs or personal views of the universe. (Copernicus, a 16th-century Polish astronomer, encountered some of the ancestors of the latter group when he had the gall to suggest that planet earth was not the center of the universe ) Most humans, however, will look to the ’76 Viking flight with the same childlike anticipation as my neighbor lady. Erma. Erma, who is 78 going on young-adulthood, has been fogging up her bifocals over the space program ever since Al Shepard put America in orbit in 1961. “Do you know what it will mean if Viking discovers life on Mars’’’’ she asked me. “Itll bust our space program wide open,” I said. “Yes, but that’s not the important thing ” “Well, a lot of people will have to minal conduct. At the same time, the privilege should not be used to protect from disclosure communications involving violations of law and near violations that have nothing to do with the offering of legal advice by a lawyer.” All seven members of the committee recommending a review of that approach happen to hold law degrees. All are former practicing attorneys. A productive follow-up to their advice could do a lot to help restore the public’s confidence not only in the bar collectively but in the country’s all too often out-of-kilter justice system itself. revamp their thinking about who man is and where he fits into things.” ‘‘You’re still missing the point,” she said “If we discover life on Mars, even if it s the kind you can only see through a microscope, it will follow that the universe is literally teeming with life Think of it . . . millions of worlds and species all floating around out there.” “What will that mean to you, Erma9” Her eyes brightened. “It will mean,” she said, “that someone, somewhere out there, has discovered a cure for old age ” I hope it’s the Martians Ocnerot features Corporation Jim Fiebig Isn t it the truth? fty Carl Riblet, ft We must all live with our special fears The farmer fears drought, the merchant fears bankruptcy, the consumer fears inflation and the sensible politician, aware of the awful and unsolvable problems af public office, fears he will be elected The greatest danger in running for office is that you might win. ” — William Rogers Right-wrong trouble r Weakness betrayed People's forum Counseled To the Editor: In Ms. McCay’s June 27 article on abortion clinics (page 16), the Emma Goldman Clinic was mistakenly reputed to provide no pre-abortion counseling. While it is true that we assume a woman has already made up her mind when she asks to schedule an appointment for an abortion, it is definitely false that we do no counseling. In routine cases, a minimum of one hour of pre-abortion counseling follows the woman’s arrival at the clinic. During this time the abortion procedure is fully explained, aftercare and contraception are reviewed, and anything the woman wants to discuss is discussed This is in contrast to other abortion clinics we have visited in which the 15-minute “counseling” sessions are opened with the accusative question: “Why do you want to have an abortion?” The latter, we feel is patronizing, offensive and unnecessary Women are perfectly capable of making decisions and should not be required to justify themselves to a counselor There are. of course, women who approach us with unwanted pregnancies but who have not yet decided which alternative they want to choose. In such a case we spend hours exploring the woman’s feelings with her, and support whatever decision she arrives at. We then assist her in following through her course of action i I hope the distinction is now clear. We do counseling with all women prior to their abortion procedures Because we assume that women have made responsible decisions before scheduling abortion appointments, I d venture that our counseling is more supportive, more comfortable and more genuinely helpful than that of other abortion facilities. Adel Franks, associate director Emma Goldman Clinic for Women Iowa City V •: Passable To the Editor: “This, too, shall pass” is a phrase that appears insignificant and fleeting; but may not always be so. Time — the most precious endowment given man — however illogical, seems to have two dimensions: one slow and one fast. To separated lovers time is passing w ith the slowness of the snail; but for the condemned man about to walk the last mile, listening for the guards’ heavy steps near his celldoor, the clock s hour-hand replaces its second-hand. Doubtless our President (perhaps pro tem) wishes his manipulations would pass away. Most of his apple-polishers and bottle-washers have a similar wish, no doubt Those unstraight lawyers who now till the soil on the prison farm may find such Way with words Has to be By Theodore M. Bernstein TWO WORDS that are just as about as close in meaning as words can get are mandatory and compulsory. Mrs. Alice Johnson of Willow Grove. Pa., asks what the difference is between them, and that's a tough question. Both mean obligatory or required. One distinction is that mandatory always implies an outside force; compulsory may or may not so imply. Another distinction seems to be that mandatory is slightly more formal in that it implies an obligation that is spelled out in a mandate or a statute or a written rule or even by a clear instruction by voters. Compulsory can embrace all these formal elements but it can also apply to things that are not matters of formal record For instance, we could say that it is compulsory for the members of an orchestra to follow the beat of the conductor or for a writer to be sure that subject and verb agree in number. The fact that mandatory could conceivably be By James J. Kilpatrick IX WASHINGTON — It rained paper VV torrents on Capitol Hill last weekend. When the downpour stopped, reporters were knee deep in documents We had 4,300 pages of stuff from house judiciary and another 2,200 from the senate Watergate committee. It was too much Let me pluck three sentences from the flood Two of them come from President Nixon, one from Sen Sam Ervin The two Nixonian sentences tell us something of the President’s blindness; the comment from Senator Ervin speaks tellingly of the senator’s insight Sentence One: On Sept. 15, 1972, the President met with Bob Haldeman and John Dean in the Oval Office. They talked, among other things, of ways to frustrate an investigation by a house committee. They talked of rallying Gerald Ford, then a congressman from Michigan They spoke of putting pressure on Republican Congressman William B Widnall. The President felt that Republican members “really ought to blunderbuss in the public arena.” From the judiciary committee transcript: “Right,” said Dean “Good,” said Haldeman an endeavor a catharsis to plow a straight furrow in the future These power-hungry men gradually extirpated from their minds nearly all humble and gentle virtue. Some of them show vague repentance, others still show brazen defiance. In aggregation they prepared “olla podrida” (rotten pot), and the odor shall linger. But it, too, shall pass with the pace of the snail. The primrose path seemingly is a dead ender, even to the sharpies of law It is past that sensibility of principle, that chastity of honor, which felt a stain like a wound. People will always sell, often willingly, their souls and bodies to evil masters in return for mundane rewards. I wish I could say: “This, too. shall pass.” Hjalmar Johnson 2409 C avenue NE wmmmmmmmm used in either of these instances simply emphasizes the kinship of the two words Alack and alas The phrase each and every one makes Nellie Weissman of Philadelphia wince, she says, because it is redundant and is used “by virtually every speechmaker in the land.” She believes it was originated by an overenthusiastic fund raiser or by a politician That may well be, but the originator could also have been a lawyer The legal profession tends to say things twice or thrice either fur emphasis or to be pompous or to be sure no loophole has been left open Think, for example, of null and void or without let or hindrance or aid and abet or ways and means. But laymen, too. have been responsible for such redundant cliches. Here are a dozen that everybody has heard — and heard far Uh) many times: one and only, bits and pieces, you and you alone, part and parcel, betwixt and between, upright and honest, kith and kin, lot or tittle, lo and behold, fair and square, leaps and bounds, rack and ruin. And there are lots more. Really and truly. Thai's what this is, ” said the President of the United States, "public relations.” You will not find that passage in the original White House transcript Lip-seal Sentence Two: On H eh 28, 1973, the President met again with Dean Nixon wanted to instruct Dean in how to deal with Sen Howard Baker, top Republican on the senate Watergate committee. His thought was to keep Baker from talking with too many people at the White House Baker would be permitted to talk with Dean only, but with nobody else “How does that sound to you?” the President asked “I think that sounds good,” said Dean “You tell Timmons that he sees him privately and says that’s it,” the President continued. “We are not pressing him We don’t care, we’re not — because Baker — (sighs). The woods are full of weak men. That cry ptic sentence should have appeared on page 86 of the White House transcript. It did not appear Finally. Sentence Three, from Ervin’s summation of the “Why” of Watergate: “Unlike the men who were responsible for Teapot Dome, the presidential aides who perpetrated Watergate were not seduced by the love of money, which is sometimes thought to be the root of all evil. On the contrary, they were instigated by a lust for political power, which is at least as corrupting as political power itself Blind side One of Nixon’s most costly failings from the beginning of Watergate was his failure to see the w hole wretched affair in terms of elementary right and wrong He was obsessed for months with notions of “public relations.” Not until late in the game, when the magnitude of the corruption finally sank home, did he shift his focus from how things looked, to how things really were. “The woods are full of weak men.” There is a terrible irony concealed within that observation. Within the Nixon White House the “weak men” were those who lacked total loyalty, who would not “play the game awfully rough,” who might slip unguarded information to a curious senator. Those weren't the weak men The fatal weakness of the Nixon White House rest ed in the men of Senator Ervin’s sum matron — in the men who lusted for political power. Superficially they wert tough, and Nixon himself the toughest of all. Behind the facade, these thousands of pages reveal a pitiful insecurity, a kind of stockade mentality in which the “we" were always barricaded against the “them.” In this dark torrent of documentary evidence, whatever might have remained of the Nixon administration slowly but steadily drowns. Washington Stor Syndicate James J. Kilpatrick Validity of testing questioned FDA reopens book on fluoridation safety By Jack Anderson WASHINGTON -- Half of America today drinks fluoridated water to avert cavities Yet federal authorities are suddenly taking another belated look at its safety and effectiveness. This could revive the great fluoridation controversy of 20 years ago. although the authorities are going about it coolly and quietly. Initially, the Public Health Service led the fight for fluoridation Congressional hearings in 1961 seemed to show fluoride was safe and didn t build up in the body In 1961, 70 communities turned to fluoride Another IOO added fluoride to their tap water in 1962 The fluoride fighters all but fell apart in 1966 when they lost their final battle in New York City. American dentists helped sound the death knell by putting their official seal on fluoridated Crest, to the envy and outrage of less resourceful dentifrice peddlers Still, a few worried scientists had their own private reservations Within the last few days, the Food and Drug Administration has taken some careful, tentative steps to reconsider fluoridation The FUA is moving at the insistence of a California Institute of Technology Jack Anderson biologist who is so reluctant to make his findings public that he begged us to kill this story The quiet scientist is Dr Edward Groth III, whose hesitant conclusions come from study of 1,000 papers and countless abstracts, books, summaries and scientific publications. On June 3, with much hedging and apology, Groth wrote to Dr Lloyd Topper. FDA's energetic associate commissioner. himself a student of anticavity additives “I must admit to being a bit reluctant to write to you on this subject,” he told Topper, “since I do not want to get into a position of supporting the opponents of fluoridation, with whom I have little sympathy.” Groth said he recognized that the Innly of research seeming to “support the effectiveness and safety of fluoridation is enormous And there is an apparently overwhelming consensus among experts that fluoridation reduces dental carries some 90 percent, without any adverse effects on any person.” That duly acknowledged, Groth proceeds to make a strong case for reopening the files on fluoridation. For one thing, he observes, the Public Health Service was involved in a gigantic conflict of interest at the time of the fluoride fever. The fluoridation idea, as Groth explains it. “was developed by the dental branch of PUS, and the evaluation of the adequacy of the evidence was conducted primarily by PUS scientists and by other outside scientists who were also very much involved in the development and promotion of the measure." The key studies, said Groth. lacked even "the mast basic elements of ‘blind’ design” which ensure total objectivity Besides, factors such as the subjects’ dental care, diet and fluoride intake were never even cranked into the studies, he redried More ominously, Groth wrote, "there is still not adequate evidence, despite numerous statements from high places to the contrary, that fluoridation is without appreciable risk ” All these considerations were brushed aside 29 years ago because of “the political controversy which swirled around fluoridation.” The heat of the debate “made it expedient to have as firm a scientific statement as possible, and as early in the game as possible." Groth concluded, When Tepper got the letter, he told us he decided that “we could not just push it aside It comes with credentials of a high order ” Not only Groth, he explained, but some of his elders, including two wellknown biologists and a pharmacologist, are also concerned about the long-range effects of fluoridation “We definitely have made no conclusions, but we are going to l<M>k into the issue,” he told us Groth, who had hoped the new fluoridation controversy could be handled within the scientific community, told us “Em keeping my fingers crossed. I don’t want it to lead to more choosing up sides " Groth has at least one powerful ally in Washington Ralph Nader tells us he has been worried about the inadequacy of follow-up tests on fluoride intake for years He blames the EDA for footdrag grog on a definitive nationwide survey United F tatar* Syndical* ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette