Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - July 8, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
Fair tonight with lows in 70s. Sunny Tuesday with highs in the mid to upper 90s.
VOLUME 92 - NUMBER 180
CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA, MONDAY, JULY 8, 1974
ASSOCIATED PRESS, UPI, NEW YORK TIMES
Gazette Leased Wires
WASHINGTON - Former White House aide John Ehrlich-man Monday testified that President Nixon ordered him to keep ) hands off covert White House I “plumbers” operations two! months before the Ellsberg breakin.
Ehrlichman testified on his own behalf Monday in his trial with three other defendants on charges of conspiring to break into the office of Daniel Ells-berg’s psychiatrist. He answered friendly questions by one of his four attorneys for 65 minutes.
Ehrlichman, who steadfastly has denied having prior knowledge that “covert” activity to plug leaks of national security matters involved anything illegal, said his involvement in the Ellsberg case ended about two months before the Sept. 4, 1971, breakin when the President told him to concentrate on domestic affairs.
“On the second of July the President said to me — ‘You get back to domestic policy stuff and leave the conspiracy and Ellsberg stuff to (plumbers leader Egil) Krogh,’” Ehrlichman said.
Krogh was co-director with J David Young of the plumbers! team that was formed to find!
Presidential Lawyer James St. Clair Signs autograph before Monday's session
Ehrlichman pictured Young — a prosecution witness in the case after being given immunity — as wanting to have full charge himself. Krogh was given a leading role over Young despite their titles of co-directors of the group. Ehrlichman said.
Ehrlichman directly contra-
Road Deaths Cut by Third H.enrLy.^eel<s
Arab Money For Europe
WASHINGTON (AP) - White House Lawyer James St. Clair told the supreme court Monday that Special Prosecutor Jawor-ski’s request for an order directing President Nixon to obey a subpoena is drawing the high court “inevitably and inexorably” into the house impeachment proceedings.
Earlier, Jaworski told the court that if it permits the President to say that the Constitution “means what he says it does” without a supreme court judgment “then men are no longer equal in the law.” Asking the court to overturn a lower court order directing the President to produce tapes and documents sought by Jaworski for use in the Watergate coverup trial, St. Clair said:
“No one could argue that the proceedings before this court will have no impact” en the impeachment deliberations of the house judiciary committee.
“The special prosecutor is drawing this court into those proceedings inevitable and inexorably,” St. Clair said.
“Bedrock Issue Jaworski, who preceded St. Clair in oral arguments, told the supreme court that the bedrock issue in the fight over President Nixon’s tapes is “who is to be the arbiter of what the Constitution says?”
As the historic oral arguments
Sure of 'Correctness,' No Nixon Vow To Obey
WASHINGTON (UPI) — President Nixon, convinced of the “correctness” of his refusal to yield the tape recordings Watergate prosecutors say they need, refuses to say whether he will obey a supreme court ruling that goes against him.
As the high court began hearing the historic arguments Monday morning, Nixon scheduled a meeting with Vice-president Ford, who has been saying his travels around the country indicate the tide turning against impeachment.
White House Press Secretary Ronald Ziegler said Nixon conferred Sunday for 20 minutes with James St. Clair, his chief Watergate lawyer, apparently to discuss the arguments St. Clair was to make Monday.
“The President has confidence in St. Clair and in the correctness of the position St. Clair is taking and will be taking before the court,” Ziegler told reporters.
But in response to questions, Ziegler refused to be drawn into a prediction of the outcome, saying only that St. Clair has frequently spoken with optimism. As has been the case for many weeks, Ziegler refused to reveal whether Nixon would obey an adverse decision in the case.
concept that this is a govern-would consider it a mockery “to
ment of laws,” Jaworski said. Furthermore, Jaworski said,
let the President apply his construction of the Constitution
the Watergate case is a special without a review by this court.”
situation because it involves men who were close to Nixon.
. ... But St. Clair argued again
. . To permit the President arKj again that Nixon had
CHICAGO (AP) — Lowered random by the Associated Press I f e we r long highway trips.!
security leaks following Ells- speed limits are responsible for were nearly unanimous in citing berry's disclosure of the secret reducing the Fourth of July hob- reduced speeds as the major
day traffic death toll by almost!factor in the fewer traffic
one-third, a survey of law en- deaths, with some adding re-
forcement and safety officials I duced travel because of higher
While officials in some states reported somewhat less traffic than normal during the 102-hour
gas prices as another major fac-
Only Nebraska officials dis-
holiday period, most ot those ™untcd reduced speeds and put questioned Sunday pointed to he ma)or emphasis on a reduc-the 55 mile per hour speed limit ! in travel-
as the major factor in reduced
dieted Young’s testimony about j files relating to the breakin.
Ehrlichman said he never read files delivered to him by Young.
Young has testified that Ehr-|“”“”'” lichman told him last March1 t'arollna s!a,e Palr0‘-
“I don’t think the speed limit really has anything to do with
I think we’re reducing the;ii- When there’s no traffic, number of deaths every month there’s n° fatalities,” a spokes
Maybe parents aren’t giving teenagers the car as much because of high gas prices,” said
LONDON (AP) - Secretary
began before the justices into to make the interpretation is not relinquished his right
the uncharted area of Nixon’s especially insupportable in a to decide what confidential con-
power to withhold evidence on personally delicate situation In-' versatlons should he made avall-
the1 vo lying criminal charges I able,
the against two of his former closest:
Watergate, Jaworski had lead-off presentation to
“The right to force the Presi-
Kuykendall. “But speed comes1 of State Kissinger stopped in *■ J*
-_______ _ london Monday and mot with Packed courtroom:
eight-judge bench and told a aides and devotees who the dent to give up confidential
shining through as the major factor in reduced deaths,” he said.
“The lower speed limit is ap- em Europe, parently working in terms of
London Monday and met with British officials on prospects for channeling Arab oil money into long-term investments in West-
r _______ o __ The high cost of petroleum
saving "lives and presumably | and raw materials has contrib-^v"^™st'tutional f°™ °f doing something to save fuel,”
North Dakota Highway Patrol
President, in an address to the communications—that was not
“He (President Nixon) may nafi°n °n April 30, 1973, de- delegated,” St. Clair said. He
be right in how he reads the scribed as ‘two of the finest: sai<jj it was Jaworski’s point of
Constitution. He may be w rong, public servants it has been my j vjcw as special prosecutor “he's
If he is wrong, who is there to protege to know,’” Jaworskija fourth entity” of government tell him so? What then becomes sa'^
Superintendent Ralph Wood said. “But it is apparent there
uted to economic instability for government many of the allies.
U. S. officials said the tenta- the President
when there are only three He noted also that Nixon had branches: The executive, legis-said last November that the two |ative and judicial.
aides. H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman would “come out all
In our view, this nation’s! constitutional form of govern- . .. . ..
mon! is in serious jeopardy if right when the proceedings are
completed in the over-all Wa-
that we have it and can enforce'man sa^. That state’s ll week-(is extensive dissatisfaction with J1 vc Ejective of^ KissingerY it adequately,” said Col. E. W. end fatalities pushed the toll 51 the lower limits.”
■_________ any President fomplelecJ
is to say that the Constitution fAa.*! c,ase;..
talks with Dennis Healey, chan- means what he says it does and
“We have only three branches, not three and one-third, three and one-half or four,” St. Clair said.
... ,. ... . Chief Justice Burger asked St.
Add to this setting, and I|clair whcther he was arguing
Jones commander of the North persons over the July 3-8 period Wood said the percentage of oellor of the exchequer, and
I of 1973. -K ‘ " ......
., , i , __„, The National Safety Council
that some plumbers memos survival in a
"were a little too sensitive and cT"ce_T,:,Vfv'v“ , “ *
Small Travel Cut
motorists complying with the lo-1 Foreign Secretary James Cal-jwered speed limits in North Da-1 laghan is formation of an ar-
crash at 50 m.p.h. is four times greater than at 70 m.p.h. and statistics indicate that 75 percent compliance with the 55 Instead of reading the files at j m.p.h. limit could save 8.500
showed too much forethought” about the breakin.
“We had predicted 15 billion (doing 80 or 90 miles an hour. miles would be driven over the but it isn’t 55 either.”
holiday weekend — not a sub-! *-
stantial reduction in travel compared to 15.7 billion miles
kota is “quite low. They’re notj^ngement for offering attrac
tive investment opportunities to the Arab states.
that there is no one — not even J ei t0 ,r in s°rr w, ithat great chunks of the tapes
this supreme court — to tell him that a ^ una™* being sought by Jaworski are
otherwise,” the special prosecu- IP0U?,votc’ conc‘u^e<^. that the!irrelevant to the cover-up trial I I -----1 President was a participant in I c» rim,
the chain of events that consti-
tor said. “Then men no longer are equal in the law.
Close to Nixon
“Then we have ingrafted an
St. Clair said he was.
. Justice Marshall suggested tuted the charged conspira-^aj president is ignoring
cy . . .” Jaworski said Given the circumstances
the time the breakin came (jives a year, under formal investigation by the FBI. Ehrlichman testified; that he ordered them returned to Young.
Of the plumbers’ files which
(Continued: Page 3. Col. 3.)
519 vs. 758
death toll the
West German Chancellor Hel-
Italian Expert Dies mui Schmidt broached the sub-, ., . .. . _ ..
r.Apcrn/ic k’kcincwr Hurl na tho exception to the time-honored i the case, Jaworski said,
, ROME (AP)—Pietro Campil- ject. to1 Kissinger during the
1972,” said National Safety; ^ a jeading Italian financial i weekend in Munich. Kissinger Council spokesman Ron Kuy- aa(j economic expert who held |^ew *rom ^,e W’est German city)
The death toll the holiday period was 519, compared with,part;
758 in 1972, the most recent four- -
day Fourth of July weekend.
The reduced death toll appears “way out of proportion to (the relative reduction in miles
1 several government economic
“Other factors may play a posts during the postwar period, people may be taking died Monday. He was 82.
Mother’s complaint: “I wish;^rave^’ sa*^ ,^aF Richard
they’d invent a washing machine that always turned out an j even number of socks.”
Lueck of the Minnesota state I patrol. “We can only conclude that the 55 m.p.h. limit is the coovrichf |basic factor.”
Highway officials sampled at
White House 'Jawboning1 Effort To Curb Inflation
WASH INGTON (AP) -A pres-idential spokesman disclosed! Monday a White House “jawboning” effort to restrain inflation and said the possibility of a
both business and industry” I on the need for restraint.
Warren would not attach the label of “jawboning” to the Rush meetings but did not take exception when a reporter used
Press Warren said
tax increase is not under active the term in asking a question.
The President has summoned Secretary bis top economic advisers to a President!White House meeting on Tues-; Nixon’s economic policy coor- ba.v and Warren said discussion! dinator, Kenneth Rush, has held! would range over ways to curb a series of meetings during the inflation, last IO days with represen-1 Warren said Nixon and his ad-1 tatives fo business and labor. I v*sers would take action if they The purpose was to stress “theI “deem it necessary.”
need for restraint and
to! Herbert Stein, chairman of
ask for the cooperation of all Nixon’s Council of Economic Ad-i segments of the economy in the visers, said Sunday the Ameri-fiqht against inflation," Warren |can people must develop much
Ile said that iii the meetings Rush was not proposing a per-centage limit on wage and price increases but rather was attempting to “educate . . .
greater discipline in their economic demands if inflation is to be adequately controlled.
“Part of economics is that people should understand what
(Continued: Page 3, Col. 3.) I
Commune Group Seeks Noah's Ark in Turkey
DALLAS (UPI) — Noah’s Ark is buried in a glacier in eastern Turkey, according to Tom Crotser who is leading 63 members of his commune on a trip to recover the ship.
“We learned of its existence about nine years ago after reading a magazine article about some Turkish j)oople who said they had spotted a sea-going vessel on the mountains,” Crotser said.
Crotser left last week on his sixth trip to Turkey to climb Mf. Ararat to the spot where he says the'ark has rested for 50 centuries. On the first five trips, Crotser returned with wood he said had been scientifically dated at 4.(KM) to 5,000 years old. He also said photographs taken from satellites indicate something shaped like a boat is on the mountain at the 12,500 foot level
“The glacier has acted as a preservative and has kept the ship from rotting,” Crotser said. “Considering the material is dated at a time when the Bible indicates the great flood occurred. we believe the vessel could be nothing else but Noah's ark.”
Following their trek to Mt. Ararat, Crotser will take his group to Mt. Nimrod where they think they have located the Tower of Babel. He said his religious commune from the east Texas town of Frankston can also recover the original Ten Commandments, and relics of the Egyptian army destroyed chasing Moses through the Red sea.
“These greatest discoveries of the age would prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that the Bible is totally true,” Crotser said
The members of Crotser’s commune have sold all their possessions and live at the Holy Mission near Frankston, working in the area to generate money for such trips as the Turkish expedition. They purchased one-way tickets for their 45-day stay in Turkey, but feel money will work itself out.
Schmidt told newsmen that Europe’s economic problems are more important than stalemated | East-West negotiations on troop I reductions and security mea-! sures.
The Arab oil states have been (investing some of their enormous returns in European shortterm bank accounts. In seeking the stability of long-term investments the Europeans hope to moderate the current high rate 1 of inflation.
The U. S. officials said a joint approach would supplement bilateral deals such as one in which the U. S. has undertaken to provide technological assistance to Saudi Arabia.
The American secretary of state also is briefing Callaghan.! Prime Minister Wilson and others on the Moscow summit' rn e e t i n g between President Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid I. Brezhnev.
Prime Rate Climbs; Dow Plummets 19.63
NEW YORK (UPI) - Stock prices went into a steep decline Monday on the New York Stock Exchange as interest rates continued to climb and investors) remained wary. Trading was moderate.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average of 30 selected blue-chip stocks was down 19.63 to 772.14 j at noon. Declines clobbered advances, by a 7-to-l margin.
Special Prosecutor Leon Jaworski arrives
the subpoena for the tapes and St. Clair protested that the President has not ignored it but had answered in court with a motion to dismiss it.
Marshall asked what was “the difference between ignoring and the motion to quash.”
St. Clair replied that the difference was that the dismissal motion was boing submitted to the court.
Justice Stewart asked St. Clair whether he meant the (court should be “stopped dead in its tracks’’ because the impeachment proceedings were under way.
St. Clair said he did not. but argued that impeachment itself should be left solely to the legislative branch of government as (provided in the Constitution.
Jaworski consumed nearly an . hour of the historic hearing presenting his opening argument and answering numerous ques-, lions from the justices.
Jaworski ran into trouble
(Continued: Page 3, Col. 4.)
Today s Index
Comics ................... 17
Crossword ................. 17
Daily Record ...............3
Editorial Features ... 6
Farm ..................... 16
Television — ll
Want Ads . 19-23
Ehrlichman ‘Taken Off
St. Clair, Jaworski Argue Executive Privilege Issue