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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 11, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 2A The Odar Rapids Gazette: Sun , August ll, 1974 Project Goal~ Learning How We Learn By .Judy Daubenmier Although the process of inquiry — how we think and learnis a basic part of education, the nature of the process has remained nebulous and esoteric, almost mysterious. About 340 teachers in the Cedar Rapids Community school district will be participating this year in a study of inquiry — Project Basic Inquiry. Included are the entire staffs of all six junior high schools and fifth and sixth Report Card grade teachers from Arthur, Pierce, Grant Wood, Cleveland, Hayes, and Hoover elementary schools. The project, funded by $176,000 in federal money, is believed to be only tile second one of its kind financed by the federal government. The other is aimed at primary grades in Florida. Project director on a parttime basis is Charles Lingren, project coordinator is Sheila Billington, and inquiry specialists are Al Ruffalo, Donna Schreiber, and Mary Studt. According to Lingren, the components of Project Basic Inquiry are inquiry skills, the nature of the pre and early adolescent, and the learning environment. All three are inter-related, Mrs. Billington said. Beginnings of the project can be traced partially to a junior high study committee which began work during the summer of 1972, and ultimately resulted in task groups dealing with a minimum junior high program, the nature of the junior high student, and alternative learning environments. “The thrust across the country has been to find a vehicle which crosses subject matter areas," Lingren said. “There’S no way teachers can help students learn ail the facts and dates. Many of the careers these students will pursue do not even exist now. Much of the knowledge has not even been created,” Mrs. Billington said. “We can help students assimilate a process for dealing with situations and knowledge.” The project is meant to be inter-disciplinary, Lingren emphasized. It had to be limited to students in grades five through nine because of the funds available. Workshops for teachers will encourage them to study inquiry skills. “You can’t inquiry without certain kinds of skills,” Lingren said. “You have to think critically, ask questions which help you inquiry, comprehend, and understand.” About 60 percent of the questions ashed in the classroom are who, what, and where questions which require only memory recall, Mrs. Billington said. Lingren outlined a higher level thinking process that includes gathering facts, grouping the facts, examining the relationships among them, making a judgment about them, and then evaluating the generalization made. “If we can help the students make this process a part of them, then they can deal with any facts, and hopefully deal with change,” Mrs. Billington said. Also examined will be the social, physical, and cognitive growth and development of the students. Mrs. Studt cited some characteristics of students in the age group being studied. They are concerned about being popular, stimulated by mass media, spontaneous, bored by routine, resentful of hypocrisy, concerned about their appearance, self conscious, loaded w’ifh energy, and respon- Judy Daubenmier sive to competitive situations. The teachers will also be investigating “how to establish and maintain an environment •conducive to learning and thinking,” Lingren said. This will include a consideration of learning styles, the role of the teacher and student in the classroom, and how to deal with students on several different developmental levels. Ruffalo explained that “developmental levels” refers to cognitive abilities of youngsters at certain age levels. Children ages 7 to 12 can classify and arrange objects, using only a concrete method of dealing with the environment. Youngsters ll or 12 and older can begin to deal with problems on an abstract level. Mrs. Billington said the staff will work with teachers to help them take what they have learned about the inquiry process, the nature of the students, and the learning environment, and then create classroom applications. A resource strategies bank will be developed to give teachers ideas of new techniques to use. The emphasis is on the teaching strategy, not on content. Mrs. Schreiber cited an ex ample of a strategy which could be included in the bank. “I showed IO slides picturing the stereotyped image of Siberia, but didn’t tell the students they were slides of Siberia. They guessed that it was. I showed IO more slides of Siberia which Were atypical o f Siberia, The students judged the country to be in northern Europe. From there we went on to a discussion of how we stereotype, the types of stereotyping,” Mrs. Schreiber said. The workshops at which such ideas are developed and tried will be repeated in future years. Input from teachers regarding which areas they want to pursue will also be depended on. “Inquiry can be adapted to fit any subject matter. It can function in most any kind of classroom — an open classroom, team situation or traditional classroom,” Lingren said. Staff members will visit classrooms, help teachers analyze classroom techniques used, and interview students. A workshop for returning teachers is planned Aug. 20-22, featuring three nationally-known experts on each of the ; components of Project Basic Inquiry. Dr. Joseph Bondi, | will speak on learning styles and environments and Dr. David Elkind on cognitive developmental stages of the adolescent. Dr. John H. Lounsbury willCamp Good Health Previously reported $ 8,701.65 tIn lovinf memory of Ruth E. Hanson, on her birthday, from hor family ........ ( odar Rapids l’olico-men’s I' r o t e c t ive Assn.............. In memory of Aunt Clara Kaommerle from nieces and nephews ........... In honor of my parents, Lillian and I.u-niir Kri/„ on their golden wedding anniversary, Aug. 12, from Mary Ann Balance from Tyler school reunion .... In memory of Anne Belehrad from Dorothy Fauehier In memory of Roy Jackman from neighbors <*'. .  ..... In memory of Wayne M e r r 11, Clarence, from Christine and Carol Ciodown ..... In memory of Helen M. Price .......... In memory of Rill Sehamberger from Glenn Ravenscroft . In loving memory of Jennie Sheneherger from Cliff, Noma, Candy and Tammy Riley ............ In loving memory of my husband, Franklin Goodrow, on his birthday, Aug. 2 ... 50.00 35.00 !5.00 21.62 20.00 15.00 15.00 15.00 1500 12.50 10.00 Linn Grove Presbyterian Ladies Aid In memory of James S. Livingston fro rn Max and Barb In rn e rn o r y of Roy I, o ii d e r milk from Evelyn and Frances A friend .......... In loving memory of our mother, M a r y Tabor, on her birthday, Aug. 7. fro rn Bill and Leone .... Iii in e rn o r y of our parents from Dr. and Mrs. L. F. Vane .. In memory of Mary Usher Wall from the Hansen family .... In memory of Leonard Apgar in lieu of flowers from Frances Berger ............ In memory of my dear friend, Ann Belehrad, from Julia B. Jones ......... In memory of Bill Berger, on his birthday, from Frances Berger ... . ,.,.,. In memory of James I. Bevill from Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bevil! ............... In memory of /.ella Davis in lieu of flowers from F ii e e s 10.00 Berger......... In memory of Diane 10.00 from Mr. and Mrs, Marvin Bensend, sr.. I Atkins 10.00 In memory of Wesley Kolek from Mr. and Mr*. IL C. Ruse. ML 10.00 Vernon 10.00 In memory of frank and Mary Melichar from Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bevill .... In memory of Frank 10.00 “Buster” Melichar, jr., from Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bevil! 10.00 J*1 memory of Frank L. Rind ....... 5.00 5.00 5.00 Iii memory of Lrnest Ross from Golden Rule Lodge No. 48(»    5.00 In memory of Lthel Shean from l.dward A. Cerny......... 5.00 In memory of Frank and Hilda Shramek from Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bevill    5.00 Total ........... $ 9,082.77 1974 Budget .......$21,500.00 Vet to he raised    $12,417.23 10.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 5.00 Life on Hot Sand Sand dunes harbor a fascinat- lying shrub. It waits until cool ing world of their own.    I evening breezes dissipate the Seemingly devoid of life, the heat of the day before venturing waves of sand form an intrigu- forth over the dunes in search of ing mosaic of plants, insects, food. Cold-blooded animals such speak on the search for iden- i and animals that can range as lizards, toads, and snakes tity, personality variables. jfrom tiny micro-organisms to also keep to the shade during All three educators will ; cottontail rabbits, the National the day. present a panel discussion and j Geographic society says.    The    digger wasp and the sand answer questions at 7:30 p.m All these creatures must cope locust avoid the killing heat by Aug. 21 at Harding junior high I with the sun’s burning rays. periodically flying into cooler school. That session is open to The vole, or field mouse, hud- layers of air, and thus are able I the public.    dies    in    a    hollow    beneath    a    low-jto    live    permanently on the sand. They’ll get well faster with flowers! rn* nm* mux rwtm You can make the hospital hospital today. Stop in or room bloom with a bouquet of phone us. We have a complete flowers! Let us speed your selection of floral gifts, get-well arrangement to the PIERSON ’§ FLOWER SHOP 1800 ELLIS OLID. HW FIOWERPHONL 366-1020 Open Mon.-Fri. to 6 p.m., Sot. to 5:30 p.m. How Does Your Spending On Car Meet Averages? Automobiles cost American motorists $27 billion in 1973, but most would admit they don’t know exactly how much money they spend annually on vehicles. “Cost of Operating an Automobile” is a publication of the U. S. Department of Transportation which reveals that ownership and operating costs incurred on a standard-sized 1974 car during its anticipated IO-1 year life will total $15,892.36, or | 15 89 cents per mile. Published by DOT’s Federal Highway administration, tho booklet adds that it will cost the j owner of a 1974 compact car $12,875.53, or 12.88 cents a mile! during its 10-year-life, while tho owner of a 1974 sub-compact car will pay $11,153.10 or 11.15 cents a mile, during the same 10-year j period. These figures will not be accurate to the penny since the tests on which the statistics, were developed were done in Baltimore, and they’d have less relevancy in California, Texas or other states where driving habits are different. The authors, L. L. Liston and R. E. Shearer of the FHW.Vsj highway statistics division, point out the federal and state taxj bite on the automobile amounts j to but $1,509 — about 9.4 percent; of Ithe total costs — and that; most of thus tax goes to support the highways on which the ve-l hide operates. During a standard-sized car’s' 10-year, 100,000-mile life from i assembly line to junkyard, the owner will pay $4,032 for some 7,700 gallons of gasoline. 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