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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - August 2, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa Ct4tint Rnpitb CL Editorial Page Friday, August 2, 1974 Mayne’s flawed defense Ford spurns advice to ‘shut up’ UNLESS Time, Newsweek or some ambitious news digest tells the story, there may be no coast-to-coast reading on how aspirants for certain congressional seats have reacted to their opponents’ judiciary committee orations. Such a pity, because Iowans doubtless would appreciate knowing whether Democratic candidate Berkley Bedell’s verbal potshot at Republican U.S. Rep. Wiley Mayne was an exceptional blast or political pyrotechnics as usual. Certainly there are compelling reasons for silence, even though the impeachment debates have given incumbents TV exposure beyond their most delicious dreams. For one thing, th? gravity of presidential impeachment tends to place deliberations above the plane of ordinary factionalism. As the supreme court’s 8-0 ruling against the President’s evidence holdout suggested, principals in the impeachment drama are guided more by lofty desires to serve country and conscience than by the more mundane urge to satisfy philosophical predilections. Then, too, the knowledge gap between judiciary committee members and those bidding to unseat them next November is an abyss that barbs from the sidelines can only accentuate. Nevertheless, there was candidate Bedell in Spirit Lake the other day, tossing the gauntlet to Rep. Mayne. By all odds, the challenge was not in good form. Vet a look at Mayne’s argument shows how mightily his opponent was tempted. Referring to what he considers “the strongest case” in the obstruction-of-justice charge — the question of presidential in- Too little For the millions of Americans fed up to here with month after month of information on a subject they would rather see die — Watergate, of course — it might be comforting to know that they would not be burdened with this problem if they lived in Russia. It was only last month, just after the U.S. supreme court ruled that President Nixon would have to surrender contested tape recordings, that Soviet readers got their first word that President Nixon might be impeached. Reporting on the court s decision, Pravda quoted Vicepresident Ford as saying the President’s plan to comply would bolster his public support in the face of congressional movement to oust him from office. That reflected the official Soviet view on impeachment as a limited U.S. conspiracy to sabotage detente: “Certain circles of the military-industrial complex” are seeking to undermine President Nixon Way with words Dicey one By Theodore M. Bernstein THE QUESTION before the house is the term loaded question. R T of Philadelphia asks about the meaning of ii and wants an example of its use A loaded question is one that is ho phrased as to trap the person questioned into giving a desired answer An example that is so familiar as to be classic is. “Answer yes or no, have you stopped beating your wife?” The term undoubtedly originated in the crooked practice of tampering with dice — loading them with weights to cause a certain number to turn up frequently. Like The use of like as a conjunction (“It seemed like the storm was over”; “He tells it like it is”) has been deplored here several times before. But Mrs E Richard Tannen of West Palm Beach. Fla., asks whether that usage has become accepted, whether it is regional or whether it is simply poor English It is not regional, it is poor English and it is not accepted — as of now. More than volvement in the coverup — Mayne called evidence at hand “purely circumstantial.” In his contempt for the evidence in that “strongest case,” Mayne implied that in the absence of additional information, there is insufficient cause for commending the impeachment proposal to the house as a whole. As an attorney, Rep. Mayne knows that a raft of circumstantial evidence pointing to presidential wrongdoing indeed falls within the house’s province. One needn't be an attorney to notice the Swiss-cheese composition of another of Mayne’s major assertions: that though President Lyndon B. Johnson enriched himself while serving in congress. Democratic control of congress shielded him from the type of scrutiny now inflicted upon Mr. Nixon. Bringing LBJ or any other former Chief Executive into impeachment deliberations concerning President Nixon is, as they say in legal circles, “irrelevant, incompetent and immaterial.” Mayne’s cliched recollections of President Johnson thus gave his opponent a springboard he could not ignore. “One of the most partisan speeches of the (judiciary) committee,” Bedell claimed. In notable contrast to the carping from the northwest is the silence of Republican Jim Leach, who is challenging Democrat Ed Mezvinsky for the First district seat. Whatever the background there — the competence of Mez-vinsky’s observations or Mr. Leach’s choice of silence no matter what the incumbent says on this momentous, supposedly bipartisan issue — the conversational void is refreshing. hurts, too because of the work he has done to make friends with Moscow Fully informed Soviet experts know the truth and can draw valid conclusions, according to a New York Times dispatch from Moscow. But once a party line has spun out in the tightly controlled Russian press (a line which has depicted Mr. Nixon as a world peace hero), nothing can abruptly change that without a suitable adjustment period. Thus between the freedom-voided way of communism and America’s wide-open way the contrast glares: Russian people underinformed and misled, U S citizens overinformed to a point of wanting (voluntarily) to tune it all out. Those tired of it here might also bear in mind that if they lived in Russia there would likewise be no way to rid themselves of any high official of the government even if they knew enough to want to. 7o percent of the Usage Panel of The American Heritage Dictionary ruled it (tut Whether that view va ill hold true a dozen >ears from now cannot be forecast. All that can be said is that the English language changes and it is not unlikely that some things that are disapproved today will be accepted in the future (Mrs. Tannen also asks about the pronunciation of palm in the name of her home town Either pahm or polloi is deemed correct, but pahm is by far more common.) • Word oddities To repeat, the English language changes, and some of the change occurs in the are.i of* slang Words once considered vulgar have become acceptable — nuts, for example Others that once were standard English have become vulgar Ari example of one of these came up in the White House transcripts recently As published by The New York Times and some other newspapers. John W Dean 3rd. former counsel to President Nixon, was quoted as saying, “How do I protect my ass?" That word developed out of arse, meaning the buttocks or posterior, and both are considered vulgar today. But until the middle of the 17th Century arse was a standard English word used in polite society Times do change and so does the tongue of the people. New York Times Svndicote By Rowland Evans and Robert Novak WASHINGTON — Vice-president Gerald Ford has launched Ins trenchant new defense of President Nixon to avoid political reprisal from the pro-Nixon Republican hardcore undercutting him with Republican moderates — including staunch friends in the house Ford s thesis, spelled out to aides repeatedly, is that he must not risk a trace of a fingerprint on the impeachment dagger to insure that the Republican right wing will not turn on him As Republicans and voters of all persuasions join the pro-impeachment ranks, intimates say Ford is convinced their resentment will disappear if. in the end, he is catapulted into the White House. That is in the future. For the present at least, even old Republican friends are expressing doubts about the vice-president's political judgment iii handling a delicate and unprecedented situation In fact, the vice-president has been subjected to quiet pressure from his own staff not to tie himself to Mr Nixon. Just as the house judiciary committee bogan its formal impeachment investigation. a Ford aide drafted a speech for By David Poling, D D. THE CHRISTIAN community, through its several branches and denominations, is reaching a flush point on the present and future role of women. Iii the last UMI years, the Protestant expression has permitted, and at times encouraged, the ordination of women to the gospel ministry. The more liturgical communions, particularly the Episcopal Church, have resisted pressures to allow tin1 ordination of women to priestly office and parish leadership In other denominations, women have gained ordination and certification as pastor, only to be blocked in gaining meaningful employment Right now the Episcopal Church is in the trenches over the ordination of women to pastoral office Three bishops took it finally upon themselves to ordain ll women — in a so-called “rebel" service — since their parent body has stalled so long in making the necessary policy changes in the church constitution This move has alarmed those who favor the ordination of women but argue it must be done in compliance with church procedures. Others are more angered than alarmed They have warned the three bishops (Robert L Dewitt. Daniel Corrigan and Edward R Welles) that they face defrocking at the upcoming national meeting in October when the House of Bishops next convenes. As noted, for more than a century the mood of the Christian church in North America ha> been for the ordination of women — but not in a convincing manner where it really has taken hold Mary Ellen White, Amy Sent pie McPherson and Mary Baker Eddy started major religious sects but found that they were '-till on the edge, not the center of Christian enterprise (My own grandmother People's forum 55 no boon To the Editor Some observations on whether the legislature should make permanent Iowa’s current 55-mph speed limit The mail claiming an H to I majority favoring the 55-mph limit must be written by people who don't drive, or don’t practice what they preach I find darn few ears and trucks on the roads under Ko This must not tie local, because the commissioner of California’s highway patrol claims you can’t enforce that limit, no matter how you try. when Til percent of tin' vehicles disobey it. I can't agree with our legislators thai the 55-mph limit is the boon it is claimed to be for saving lives They say the reduction in mileage driven earl'! account for the drop in the fatality rate I submit that the t>po of mileage reduced can. I doubt the mileage driven by truck drivers, salesmen, etc., who drive to make a living has decreased appreciably, and I feel thai they have a much better accident-per-mile record than the average driver The “casual’’ mileage driven by teenagers in the family car, Sunday drives, weekend jaunts, etc., has been more sharply reduced, and this type of mileage would show a much higher ac-cident-per-mile rule Otherwise, why would certain California highways, where the speed limits were always 55-mph or less, show a reduction of 1K7 deaths over the same period las! year If the 55-mph limit is made permanent, I feel ail work on interstates, freeways and four-lane highways should stop mi- the v ice-president to get him off the hook The thrust of that never-delivered speech: Now thai the house is considering the evidence, it would be injudicious for Ford to express an opinion since such evidence is not available to him; he had fait ii in the President but would refuse ex parte judgments Ford threw the speech away. to I hi* dismay of staff a des anxious to preserve Ford's credibility and popularity. Ford’s political lieutenants say he has no intention toda.v of modifying his loyalist defense of th(‘ man who made him vice-president. He still lobbies quietly, urging house Republicans to give Mr Nixon the benefit of every doubt (but avoiding arm-twisting). His top assistants have been dismayed bv the escalation of Ford’s public defense of the President while other Republicans abandon the sinking presidential ship That new intensity began July 25 iii Muncie, Ind., in his speech for Rep. Duvul Dennis, a Nixon defender on the judiciary committee facing re-election troubles — a speech viewed by some Ford intimates as a disaster Outside pressure for a change of course is on the rise. There is almost as much gossip in the house Republican cloakroom over Fords repeated declarations of Mr. Nixon’s total “innocence” as over impeachment itself. wa* ordained in the Evangelical Church in Oregon but never held a parish aside from grandfather s clerical duties. I Presently, there are at least 150 women preparing for ordination at Yale. Union and Princeton. Some Christian educators have stated that in five years, half of the enrollment in the major seminaries will be women. This movement is for real, not a temporary issue or fad. and holds major questions for the whole Christian family. First, is Ihe church prepared to absorb the essentials of women’s liberation? Here is a primary interest of many women seeking ordination They see the mediately. Most two-lane highways an* reasonably srfe at 55. they usually offer a more direct route, and the average point-to-point time differential would probably be minimal compared to expressways The money not spent could then be used to upgrade the dangerous two-lane roads we do have left Also I wish the speed limit to be muc h more vigorously enforced, because (hat may spur more people to urge their legislators to take another look at this law. Steve Singleton 4505 Hiawatha avenue NE Utility promotion To ihe Editor On Aug K the Iowa commerce commission has scheduled the second of two hearings to determine whether advertising and other promotional activities of public utilities should be allowed or whether the cost of promotional activities should In* charged to the customer Testimony at the first hearing found much of utility advertising to be misleading and generally of no direct benefit to the customer Yet he* was paying for it in the rates he* paid to the utility. Conclusions from the testimony 1 Ctilities advertising and promotional activities promote the depletion of resources and greatly increase inflation and env ironmental problems 2 Such practices increase the need for new, costly plant facilities which must be puid out of consumer rates not utilities profits 3 Such costs constitute an unreasonable burden on the consumer The criticism comes not only from pro-impeachment Republicans but from fence-sitters and Nixon loyalists deeply worried that Ford is frittering away his gilt-edged asset of national popularity bv blatant catering to the dwindling Nixon hardcore. “We all want Jerry to shut up and stay that way,’’ one of his longtime friends iii the house told us "He is the hope of the party and of the country for I RTH What gives that critical comment special force is tilt* fact that it comes from one of the elected house Republican leaders, a Ford-style Republican who himself is uncommitted Another member of the house Republican leadership holds similar views. Ford, he says privately, is wasting his unique political assets both within his party and in the country at large by asserting Mr Nixon’s innocence in the face of overwhelming house judiciary committee votes declaring him guilty of impeachable acts Ford is being strongly advised not to overestimate the pro-Nixon hardcore, particularly with the defections of such conservatives as Maryland’s Rep Lawrence J. Hogan and Virginia's Caldwell Butler. The Hogans and the Butlers, they believe, are vastly more important than the handful id’ ultra-Nixonites who on Nixon have written the vice president scathing letters for having said that a vote for impeachment will not keep him from campaigning on behalf of a Republican congressman But Ford seems oblivious ( onceiitrat-lng in his cross-country speaking tours on stone-age Republican audiences who roar their approval of his defense of Mr Nixon. Ford seems out of touch with tin* trend among house Republicans now threatening the President with a massive impeachment defeat That could leave Ford a hero with the so-called hardcore but a villain — at least momentarily - with the rest of the country. More uncomfortably for Ford, he would he on the wrong side of the fence from every Republican iii congress who ends up voting not that the President of the United States is right. as Ford proclaimed in Muncie, tint that he is very wrong. Having spoken out loudly for Mr Nixon when other Republican leaders were silent, Ford has more than paid his dues. Now his friends believe, is the time to avoid getting trapped on the wrong side of the fence, not by turning against the President, but by simply deciding to “shut up and stay that way. completing seminary become employed? This whole issue is heading for a financial decision, for too many recent women divinity school graduates have not found employment or received a call to a congregation — where KU to 70 percent of the members are women! Alas, the ultimate rejection of those persons is not really coming from nervous old Episcopal bishops but from the women in the pews. Surveys, polls and studies have shown that today most women in the Christian church prefer their pastor to be a man I nt11 that attitude is reshaped, there really will be more cleaning ladies than clergy in the church around the corner Ne^sooDer enterprise Asyiciatmn commission ignoring the bulk of evidence, opted for ait accounting procedure which would simply require utilities to list their promotional practices I urge concerned persons to w rite Iowa Commerce Commission. Valley Bank building. Des Moines. Iowa 50319, and demand that at a minimum the commission s stuff proposal be adopted Jerome Korzendorfer lop) Gretchen drive SYV brooming forearms gave out It was one of the greatest disappointments of tier life.” VY by are von talking so dumb0’’ she asked Because I’m thinking of your future.” I replied Honey have you ever thought of turning professional when you’re older? You know pushing a broom for a bv ing?” I want to be a doctor ' she said “and Operate on people to make them better ” “A doctor’” I shouted “You’d waste tho talent in these hands - on stir gery?" 5 es, I d like to to- a doctor.** ihe repeated starting to sweep again I could only stand there in awe watching thai beautiful effortless hack and-forth motion with the broom I tried to speak Hut there wa, a lump m my throat Caw til »    f ttroorn' in MWI advance being made iii the secular world of business and education and are nib about to permit the church to coast by. They see the church as having women clergy as well as cleaning ladies. Second, is the church able to face the theological questions related to women leading in worship.’ If the answer is yes. will congregations adopt the major revisions in prayers, hymns and scripture proposed by many of those seeking ordination? For un excellent discussion of this question, read “Women and Worship (Word) by Sharon Neuter Emswiler and Thomas Neufer Emswiler. Third, will tin1 hundreds of women Therefore, the commission staff proposed regulations prohibiting certain practices such as offering services at less than cost to ensure a greater consumption and requiring promotional ads be paid with company profits rather than customer rates Other states have adopted such regulate os. It’s noteworthy that utilities in these states drop promotional advertising when it must tx* taken from shareholders’ profits However, on July 12. the commerce Why educate? Big-money By Jim Fiebig AFTER READING that San Francisco city street sweepers are currently earning 113 (MKI a year — and will jump to 17 grand before January — I vowed my daughter would never go to college Why should she subject herself to al! that academic anguish, not to mention expense, when with a little training and encouragement she could be earning big money as u street sweeper? As fate would have it, I found her sweeping the patio that same day “You have some beautiful moves with that broom,” I beamed “Buck and forth bac k and forth — real nice moves You look like a natural." “Thanks." she said, “Mommy taught me ’’ Your motlier s good, durned good. I said “Some people say she might even have been one of the greats Then her Pubii*h«r»-Hail Syndical Congregations still want males Main stymie to women clergy: Women ‘I am pleased to report that thy will is being done on earth as it is in heaven!' I i ;