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Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 'Shf Cf tint Rn pith #1^44* Editorial Page Friday, April I 9, I 974 * ' -* i&iss; v*v- ^    ^v*5«-«r ■<$$&<* - se *r\ - ♦ * o Hip shot from wrong hand Visitor finds Iowa in strange ‘ferment’ ITEM of evidence, I: Bank robbery photographs in San Francisco show kidnap victim Patricia Hearst holding a gun while others grab the cash and while still others point their guns in the direction of Miss Hearst. Item of evidence, 2: A bank guard witnessing the robbery says Patricia Hearst looked tough, stood tough and spoke some dirty words of menace toward civilians on the scene. Comment on the evidence, I: John Kelly, head of San Francisco’s FBI office, confirms the identification but says it justifies Miss Hearst’s being sought only as a material witness, not as one accused of crime. “She may have been under all kinds of duress. They could have said they were going to try to kidnap her sister or something. Who knows what they told her?” Comment on the evidence, 2: U.S. Attorney General William Saxbe tells reporters: “The entire group we’re talking about are common criminals. Miss Hearst is part of it. . . . My personal conclusion is that she was not a reluctant participant.” Elementary principle of justice: Anyone suspected or accused of crime must be considered innocent until proved guilty. Nobody should honor this more carefully than the head of the federal government’s justice department. Whatever prove to be the facts concerning Patty Hearst, whatever proves to be her fate, at this point she deserves full benefit of every doubt. Attorney General Saxbe has publicly performed a gross prejudgment and a sophomoric exercise in damaging a possible defendant’s rights. He, among all commentators, should know’ better. Passenger train push PROMOTERS of an Amtrak rail route through Iowa along the North Western line from Council Bluffs to Clinton through Cedar Rapids came away encouraged from a meeting with federal officials this week in Washington: Chances look remote for action yet this year, they said, but “tremendous” for 1975. Naturally, that brightened prospects that the effort of some 70,OOO signers of a petition launched by western Iowa organizers may pay off in new provisions for “experimental” passenger service between Chicago and the West Coast. Still needed to buttress the proposal, according to spokesmen for Amtrak and the department of transportation, is support from all state governors along the route and from each state’s congressional delegation. That should not be hard to muster, what with rail travel offering new’ promise both for people-service and for fuel conservation. But beyond the rosy thoughts and brighter hopes, a hard reality still lives: No matter how many people put names onto paper, how many governors add their weight, how many congressmen join in or how many senators do too, more passenger service by rail can come in and keep going only if sufficient people put their bodies where their words are and USE Amtrak service when it comes. That is still the whole idea’s No. I uncertainty. Whatever anyone can do to show that Iowans are apt to keep their promises will still help more than anything to let them get the chance. Too many people OUT HERE in the open spaces of abundant elbow room and stable populations, endless warnings that the world is increasing by some 75 million people a year come through as all but meaningless. We disregard those warnings and that rate of rise, however, only at the peril of our total nation’s long-run place on everybody’s earth and Iowa’s own niche in North America. For a touch of insight into what is happening and whether it is worth a moment’s thought around here, take a look at one year’s world growth in more familiar terms. Seventy-five million human beings are the equivalent Three and a half Canadas. One and a half Mexicos. More than one-third of a U.S.A. Seven Czechoslovakias. One and a half United Kingdoms, Italys or Republics of France. Twenty-five Israels. More than two Egypts. Almost 26 whole Iowas. More than 22 Chicagos. Or 9l/fc cities of New York. If we assume that unchecked population jumps of that size EVERY YEAR will not add up to pressures on America’s economy and changes in the quality of life in every hamlet on this continent, we make a wrong assumption all the way. We may have put America’s own population house in better order lately, but by no means have we safely left the woods. Through every means available in international relationships, we owe it to ourselves to heed the warnings, pass the word and help to get this reproductive runaway in tow.Way with words What to end with Theodore M. Bernstein PREPOSITION AT END. Your grammar school teacher, Miss Thistlebottom. may have told you that a preposition was a bad word to end a sentence with. Up to a point she may have known what she was talking about But there are more exceptions to the rule than she dreamed of. The rule traces back to Latin, a language that most modern writers are strangers to And it is a rule that can well be done away with. As H W. Fowler says. “The fact is that the remarkable freedom enjoyed by English in putting its preposition late ... is an important element in the flexibility of the language.” A letter from Spencer B Downing of Radnor, Pa., has raised the question The people who insist on the rule do not always know about what they are talking. They do not know for what rules are. And it makes one wonder to what they are up Sometimes, it is true, placing the preposition at the end makes for a weak sentence Example: “German is not the best language to write poetry in." There the sentence ends in weakness. But in an idiomatic sentence such as. “They don’t know what they are talking about, the words at the end are sufficient to sustain the stress that normally falls toward the end To paraphrase Winston Churchill, the rule about ending sentences with a preposition is nonsense up with which we shouldn’t put Off balance A couple of months ago in discussing the current phrase bottom line, meaning final result, this column said that literally the phrase referred to the end of a balance sheet Well, it doesn’t, as three readers have been good enough to point out. It refers to the end of a profit and loss statement It all goes to show that one can’t know everything, doesn't it9 Word oddities Behind the pseudo-rule not to end a sentence with a preposition stands the meaning of the word preposition itself. Derived from the Latin, the word originally meant place ahead or before. In Latin prepositions do usually stand ahead of the words they govern But that’s true in Latin and not necessarily in English. Ne* York Times Syndicate By James J. Kilpatrick DES MOINES, IOWA - The wandering reporter who wanders into Des Moines is likely to be impressed first of all by the gilded dome atop the state capitol. The dome is an old-fashioned eye-popper. lf the reporter idles away a part of the afternoon by glancing through the Evening Tribune, he may also be impressed by the personal ads in the classified section. These are new-fangled eye-poppers. Some funny things are happening in Iowa these days. The massive capitol, dome and all, is the sort of solid symbol usually associated with the Midwest. The people of Iowa got started on this project in 1870, fought it through to completion in 1884, and made the building a model of classic respectability. It speaks of prairie virtues and honest industry. This is the Iowa of popular legend. But what about those ads! One day last week the Tribune carried a column and a half of personals, starting with the Red Eye Adult Book Store, offering hard core films at $7 and up. Twenty — count ’em, twenty — massage parlors were promoting outcall service to home, hotel or motel, complete with "pretty girls.’’ “lovely maidens,” and “pink panther specials ’’ People’s forumKeep patrol To the Editor: After 12 years the school patrol at Fifteenth street and highway 94 has been stopped We in Fair Oaks wonder why The only reason given by the principal at Fillmore school was that three blocks was too far for patrol children to walk to their station. If this is true, many patrols should be removed around the city. We contacted Sgt. Covington of the police department and he said a petition was necessary. So 121) signatures were gathered and given to the sergeant and the.principal As of this date (April 17) nothing has been done about this matter Does a child have to Ik* injured by an auto before something is done? . . . Mrs. Richard Reggentin, 1018 Eighteenth street NU; Mrs. Harold Hansen, 1013 Eighteenth street NW; Mrs Allen Schnell, 1018 Cheyenne road NW ; Mrs. Don Moffatt, 1433 Pawnee drive NWFake letter To the Editor As a civil engineering student at the University of Iowa, I take an active interest in new developments in the field of civil engineering. As a result I read with much interest the letter in your paper April ll written by “Maxwell S Laus” about his work in traffic control. Not fully understanding the project, I attempted to contact him personally to question him about it. I learned, however, that there is no Maxwell S. Laus or Norton Thevenin (described as an associate) enrolled in engineering at Iowa or listed as a faculty member. It appears that Maxwell S. Laus is a nonexistent person and that someone is attempting to perpetrate fraud Is The Gazette publishing letters without checking on their creditability, or is The Gazette writing its own letters to the editor? Richard Runimelhart Iowa City Editor s note The Gazette receives too many letters to need to make up any. For ethical reasons we would not consider falsifying letters even if not many came Neither do we have facilities to check out every letter's authenticity When form and content look suspicious or raise questions in some cases, we do check out specific letters. Those not validated in that process are not printed. The letter in question (about a traffic speed surveillance system) did not raise suspicions because there seemed to be no reason anyone should feel compelled to fake it. Sometimes phonies do go through, however. This we earnestly regret, though no great harm appears to have resulted. Unless we hear again from Maxwell S. Laus, the assumption will be that someone was merely indulging Insights James J. Kilpatrick The ad hints at bacchanalian revels and libidinous assignations out where the tall porn grows. What kind of Iowa is this0 The stolid capitol and the Pussycat Parlor (“let our kittens relax you’’) provide a working metaphor for political changes that would have astonished the Union veterans of a century ago When the cornerstone was laid for the capitol, Iowa had a IOO percent Republican delegation in Washington That admirable condition continued into the 20th century. With only a few defections — and these for only single terms here and there — Iowa kept sending solidly Republican delegations to the house and senate. Such conspicuous Democrats as Sen. Guy Gillette were merely exceptions to the rule. Twenty years ago, to get to more recent history, it was still a beautiful Republican picture:    Bourke B Hickenlooper and Thomas E. Martin were in the senate, and Republicans held all eight seats in the house. This was like hav ing $50 steers and $40 hogs. The political landscape was as even and serene as the black and level fields. Well, gentle reader1 behold the Pussycat Parlor. The st De is in ferment. Iowa’s six seats in the house now are divided three and three, but there is a very real possibility, or so a reporter is told. that after November the (LO P will be down to Lonesome Bill Scherle in the Fifth The senate seat being vacated by Democrat Harold Hughes is likely to go to Rep. John (’ Culver, the two-fisted giant from Cedar Rapids. Culver, an activist liberal Democrat, is said to have an edge over either of the two Republicans, George F. Milligan and David Stanley, who are competing for the G O P. nomination. The Democrats are hopeful of grabbing the Third district seat being vacated by veteran ll. R. Gross, and they believe they can dump Republican Wiley Mayne in the Sixth. In their own state legislature. the Democrats made stunning gams in 1972, despite George McGovern’s drag on the ticket, and with a further gain of only half a dozen seats they could take the lower chamber in November This objective, unbiased and nonpartisan estimate, compiled from a Democratic point of view, comes from 29-year-old Michael T. Blouin, a liberal Democrat from Dubuque, who confidently expects to succeed John Culver in the Second Republicans, naturally, take quite different views. They expect to field attractive candidates right down the line. and with a little bit of luck they believe the Third and the Sixth districts can be held. The Watergate scandals seem to play a small role in Iowa politics. The labor vote is far more important in both of the key house contests, and there is no inclination to visit the sins of Richard Nixon upon either of the Republican aspirants for the senate. What is happening, apparently, is that the state simply is finding the old Republican virtues less alluring than the new Democratic temptations. It would be unbecoming to suggest that GO.P. strategists metaphorically call on Sheri. or Vicki, or the Tahitian Tigress, but it seems evident that here in Iowa, marble and granite no longer reign supreme. Woshmgton St or Syndicate ‘Just a little sacrificial thanks for the lifting of price controls’ a sick sense of humor Fraud” — in the sense of unlawful gain — is a little too strong for forum-letter fabrication Simple lying or deceit" would cover it betterGood concert To the Editor A full evening of entertainment was once again prov ided to our community on April lh Jefferson high school provided the place Parents, teachers and students provided the full house to hear the third annual “Dollars for Scholars” pop concert As in every organization, it takes a lot of hard work to make a successful program I thank all of those who made the flop concert the success it was — in particular the Westside Delegation from Jefferson. Happiness. Inc . from Kennedy and the Revolutionists and Jazz Band No 2 from Washington high school My hat is off to the youth in our community who provided such a delightful program Pat Hill 2229 Meadowbrook drive SFSurveillance? To the Editor A couple of University of Iowa students have just written (Forum. April ll) that we can, if we try real hard, have a form of constant unrelenting traffic surveillance in IO years lift's s»*e. 1974 [Jus ten equals-- We have survived Vietnam We shall survive Watergate The question remaining is. will we survive the universities9 Larry Garman 1219 Eighteenth street NW Dumdums Issues of the day are crime and taxes, neither of which mankind is smart enough to abolish Bn eon Glob* No call for gloating Tax mess not all Nixon’s fault I do not mind lying, but I hate inaccuracy Edmund Burke By William F. Buckley, jr. I AM EVERYWHERE informed that Mr Nixon has suffered grievously on account of the tax delinquency. On the other hand — in almost every case — I am being told about other people’s indignation I wonder whether it is a synthetic indignation: whether, in fact, ii is a matter of everybody knowing how everybody else feels, while personally exempt from that same feeling What is true is that a lot of people are taking pleasure from Mr Nixon's reversals. A great deal is to Im* learned from what becomes now the saga of Mr Nixon's taxes, concerning which a few observations: I I have nowhere seen any explanation for the failure to consummate the gift of his vice-president tai papers. It isn’t as though by waiting past that critical date in July he might have hoped to enhance the value of the contribution And there was plenty of warning that July 25 might Im* the effective date after which deductions would not be permitted So what happened? I can think of no other explanation than extraordinary mismanagement by Mr. Nixon’s bookkeepers. 2. That raises the question whether the so-called back-dating was offensive to the moral sense. What it evidently was, was illegal. But illegal only in the purely formal sense; i.e., noneffective. I give you an example. Suppose you telephone your lawyer on June I and say to him: I have decided to will my estate to my daughter. Then you leave town for William F. Buckley, jr. two months On your return, the lawyer brings you your will to sign. How should it be dated? June I, or August I? I am sure that testamentary experts have an answer to this question, very likely different answers in different places. It could make a great deal of difference — in England, for instance There a gift, for example, is taxed at a different rate if turned over less than three years before the donor s death, so that it matters a great deal just when the “constructive” gift was made. Let the lawyers make the decision in the individual case. Suffice to say, meanwhile, that there is every reason to suppose that Mr Nixon made the constructive gift well before the deadline, and that he is now paying close to a half million dollars extra tax on account of the extravagant inefficiency of his staff 3 The whole argument about Nixon having paid fewer taxes than the local plumber is altogether beside the point There are very g<M)d argument* against a public official laying claim to papers he accumulated while in public service, and if I had to vote, it would be that said papers are public property. But that is not how they have been treated. For at least a generation, President* have kept their |*a|M*rs. and turned them over, often with tax benefits, to whomever they chose EDR didn’t consult congress about the resting place for Ins papers, neither did Hoover. Truman LBJ, the estate of John Kennedy Accordingly, the furor over the Nixon papers is in Die nature of a bill of attainder, and I don t lik«* thai, and neither should the people; and who knows, maybe they don't, really 4 I hough one is helpless on the matter of Die little items, one wonders, really, if there are any limits to pettifoggery. If you retain a bookkeeper to keep track of all deductible expenses, that is what the bookkeeper is going to do And if you donate a bag of salted peanuts to the church bazaar, it is the bookkeeper's responsibility to figure out what a bag of salted peanuts is worth, and to take a deduction which you may not even tx* aware of lo suggest that the man who dot*s this is a Scrooge, scheming to screw the exchequer, is quite simply naive. Now if Du* deduction is for some reason improper, that then is disallowed. It is a singular vice of the tax system that this is not an open and shut question. It is often a value question, like whether 11 Ida s party was really a family affair or really a public affair, or half and half, or one-quarter and three-quarters or whatever Everybody has a chance to argue his vase with the tax court — except Mr Nixon, who is in a general bind and is losing his freedom of action. Perhaps it is true Dint the fault was his to begin uith Hut the gloating is ours, and is unseemly. Washington Star Syndicate f rn rn-JPBEIbJPs fit UMI » ;

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