Low Resolution Image: Become a member to access this full resolution image at 375% higher quality.

OCR Text

Cedar Rapids Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1974, Cedar Rapids, Iowa 6A The Cedar Rapids Gazette: Sun., April 7, 1974 Next Costly Space Project, Shuttle, on Drawing Board THE ARTIST'S concept shows a reflyable space shuttle about the size of a DC9 airliner releasing its payload in orbit. Such a shuttle's first function will be to carry unmanned satellites into desired orbits, eliminating the need for conventional throwaway space rockets. Each shuttle will be capable of making IOO or more trips into space. At left, huge, bell-shaped rocket exhaust nozzles are showing protruding from the tail of a shuttle mockup at Rockwell International, Downey, Calif. The shuttle will take off like a rocket, fly like a spaceship and land back on earth like an airliner. Its two solid fuel rocket boosters also will be reusable. Operational goal for the shuttle is 1980. --AP Photo* Air Pollution Report This is a weekly report of data submitted to The Gazette by the air pollution control division of Linn county health department. Airborne Dust A measurement of particulate matter is made in terms of micrograms per cubic meter. The national standards, to be enforced by 1975: 75, average for a year (geometric mean), and 260 maximum 24-hour concentration, not to be exceeded more than once a year. Location    Date    Reading 445 First street SW ......... March    30    94 Jane Boyd Community    House    March 30    89 Noelridge park ............ March    30    47 800 First street NW  March 30    71 751 Center Point road    NE    ..March 30    108 Sulphur Dioxide The national standards (in terms of parts per million): 0.03 average for a year (arithmetic mean), and 0.14 maximum 24-hour concentration, not to be exceeded more than once a year. Daily averages at 445 First street SW were: March 29, 0 017; March 30. 0.014; March 31, 0.019; April I, 0.021; April 2, 0.027; April 3, 0.022; April 4, 0.021. Average for the period was 0.020. Daily averages at 800 First street NW were: March 29, 0.002; March 30, 0.001; March 31, 0.004; April I, 0.005; April 2, 0.017; April 3, 0.015; April 4, 0 004. Average for the period was 0 007. Coefficient of Haze Another measurement of particulate matter. A reading of 0.53 is said to be equivalent of 75 micrograms per cubic meter, a national standard for airborne dust as outlined above. Readings at 445 First street SW were: March 29, 0.29; March 30. 0.16; March 31, 0.09; April I, 0.20; April 2, 0.17; April 3, 0.22; April 4, 0.13. Average for the period was 0.18. Readings at 800 First street NW were: March 29, 0.29; March 30. 0.14; March 31, 0.19; April I, 0.25; April 2, 0.18; April 3, 0.26; April 4, 0.10. Average for the period was 0.20. Compressed Air Helps Waste Industry Fuel WAKE FOREST, N.C. (AP) -Scovill’s Fluid Power division, a The amount of fuel used to maker of air control equipment. produce compressed air that is wasted by industry would heat a community of some 200.000 persons for a year, according to a survey made here. “This translates into annual preventable fuel wastage of about IOO million gallons of oil, or 600.000 tons of coal, or 15 “About IO percent of the com- billion cubic feet of natural gas. pressed air used by 1.2 million The dollar value is about $30 industrial and service establish- million.” ments in the United States is being lost, according to our Want ads will find buyers for 'plant surveys,” says Donald items you no longer use! Dial Sicklesteel, vice-president of 398-8234. EDITOR'S NOTE — It takes off like a rocket, flies like a spaceship and lands on earth like an airliner. The revolutionary space shuttle may make transportation into space routine for researchers, engineers and business men seeking new ways to turn a profit. All in the next decade. By Howard Benedict CAPE KENNEDY, Fla. (AP) — On drawing boards across the nation, a now American rocket ship, the reflyable space shuttle, is taking shape. At Cape Kennedy, construction crews are beginning to build a spaceport for this revolutionary vehicle. In Europe, engineers of nine nations are designing a small space station to be ferried into orbit by the shuttle. It will be inhabited by researchers of    various    lands. Industries around the world are studying how best to utilize the shuttle for profit. An era of rocketing American astronauts to the moon and into space orbit is nearly over. Only a joint space Right with    Russia,    to    take    place next year, remains. Then will follow a period of inactivity while dramatic changes are made    in the    U.S.    space program    and in    the    role    of the X a t i o nal Aeronautics and Space Administration. By 1980, space should cease to be a remote frontier open only to astronauts. Over the next decade it will become a place any man or woman can visit after only minimal training. NASA is shifting from its pioneering position as an explorer and designer of space payloads into a transportation agency, serving more as a bus or truck line for U.S. industry, other government agencies and other countries. The over-all goal is to use the unique qualities of space to benefit mankind. The Skylab program, which concluded Feb. 8 with the return of the third three man crew to earth, marked the end of an era in U.S. manned space flight. Tile project, during which crews inhabited the space station for 28, 59 and 84 days, set guidelines for the future. “Skylab has been an affirmation that man can live and do very useful work in space,” said project director William C. Schneider. "That says we are free to proceed with the space shuttle. We’re free to plan on a long-term space station. And eventually this same data will be used to assure ourselves that if we ever want to go out to a distant planet, why, that too is attainable.” The first payoff from Skylab probably will come from the research resources survey conducted by the astronauts. I Most Autos Go On Short Trips Of the billions of trips made by automobile in the United States in 1972, surveys reveal that about 54 percent were less than five miles long and nearly 75 percent were less than IO miles, the World Almanac notes.; According to the Motor Vehicles Manufacturers Assn., the average auto commuter trave1 od 9.4 miles to work while the average shopping trip was some 4.4 miles. A trip to the doctor or dentist averaged about 8 3 miles. Jfcuse SMULEKOFF’S Open Monday 2 Vi «cr«* of everything for the home    Night    'til    9 Drapery Dept., 2nd Floor Give Your Bedroom a “Springtime Touch " with a Quilted Bedspread from Smulekoff’s it. * Your Choice of Fitted or Throw Style, most in King, Queen, Full or Twin Size Toss one of these delightfully gay floral bedspreads across your bed, and it'll be like bringing a spring garden's joy into your room—to keep pleasurably all year -round. It ll be like having a new bedroom, when before your eyes, you see it transformed into a dream room. Even your furniture will come brightly into bloom again! These colorful spreads are expertly tailored and most of are sparkle-sheen 100% Acetate, polyester filled. So shop Smulekoff’s this week, get your beautiful, flowerful bedspread and add a ‘‘Springtime Touch” to your bedroom. Save NOW on our biggest and greatest 20% off Custom-Made Drapery Sale! Save 20% on fabric and 20% on labor and choose from our MARSHALL, TEMPO, and ROSEANN fabric collection, plus! ANY FABRIC NOW IN STOCK! to handle the shuttle. Construction of a 15,000-foot landing runway is getting under way. Later in the decade, another shuttle base will be built at Vandenberg air force base, Calif., mainly for military missions. Capable of making IOO or more trips into space, each shuttle will be able to carry seven persons, with pilot, copilot and mission specialists making up the basic crew. The size of a DC9 airliner, the shuttle will carry 65,000 pounds of payload. The shuttle’s first function will be to put unmanned satellites into desired orbits, eliminating the need for conventional throwaway space rockets. If a satellite stops operating, a shuttle crew can fly up to fix it or return it to earth for repair Thus, the cost of building the satellites will come down because they no longer will have to be su-pcrdependable. In a study of 131 satellite failures of the past, 78 were related to launch failures Experts now are analyzing thousands of photos and miles of electronic tape to determine how a space science can best be developed for locating hidden oil and mineral reserves on earth, for improving agriculture, for estimating timber volume, for mapping snow cover and assessing water runoff, for charting air and water pollution, for weather forecasting, and for locating good fishing grounds. A series of metals experiments on Skylab proved that purer, stronger and more dependable metals castings can be manufactured in space. The combination of weightlessness and vacuum makes it possible to manufacture materials and alloys free of contamination unavoidable on earth because of gravity and convection. Another Skylab experiment produced semiconductor crystals IO times larger and far superior to any formed on earth, according to researchers. Crystals of this type could be used as efficient semiconductors in power switching and control circuits and in large integrated circuits for computer and communications systems. The promise shown by such experiments has attracted urday for today’s Palm Sunday dreth s “Sir Galahad . which would be avoided with a reliable shuttle. Of the 53 other failures, the payloads were inoperable or erratic and could have been returned to earth for repair had a shuttle been available. Because it can be used over and over, the shuttle will sharply reduce the cost of operating in space. NASA estimates each shuttle launch will cost about $10.5 million, compared with $450 million for an Apollo moon flight. Just as other government agencies, industry and foreign governments now pay NASA to launch specialized satellites, they will do the same in the shuttle era. Seats will be purchased for specialists wanting to do research in orbit for periods up to a month. One projection shows a shuttle launch rate of 50 a year during the 1980s, with NASA purchasing as many as seven shuttles from its main contractor, Rockwell International, builder of the Apollo spacecraft. 3 Soloists for Today's Annual Shrine Concert Three soloists were listed Sat- Persian Market” and ILE. Ifll- potential investors in space laboratories and factories, reported Christopher C. Kraft, jr., director of NASA's Johnson Space center in Houston. “More and more companies are showing an interest,” he said. “I think in another few' years they’re going to be interested in building their own space labs for deliver)’ to and from space.” Kraft and other officials also foresee the day when oil and mineral companies, farm, fishing and timber organizations and other industries will want to have teams of researchers in space to conduct their own survey. 'These ventures await the development of the space shuttle, which is set for initial test flights late in this decade, with an operational goal of 1980. The first five shuttles are to be delivered to NASA in the late ’70s at a cost of $5.1 billion for development and manufacture. This compares with a cost of $20 billion for the entire Apollo moon program. The shuttle will take off like a rocket, fly like a spaceship and land back on earth like an airliner. Its two solid fuel rocket boosters also will be reusable after being parachuted back to earth. Work starts soon on modification of the now idle and deserted Apollo and Skylab concert by the 46-piece El Kahir Shrine band and the 20-voice Shrine Chanters. Alternating with the band in presentations, the Chanters will open with “Lift Thine Eyes” by Frederick Knight Logan and The program, including both “Easter Parade” bv Irving Ber-j sacred and secular music, will |jn The opening segment also be open to the public free at 3 will include two folk tunes, this afternoon in the Veterans “Laura Lee” and “Michael, Memorial coliseum. Serving as ushers will be Row the Boat”. The Chanters also will present members of the El Kahir Shrine fvvo long-popular hvmns—Carrie 101 unit, under the direction of r. Adams’ “Remember Now Vernon Spurrier, president. Thv Creator” and Will James’ They will also provide each con- “Almighty God of Our Fa-cert-goer with a free program thers”. listing all selections and participants. Tnale to the program will be joint presentation with both George Baldwin will play (he ,he ban(, and chan(ers tn ..Bat. chimes in the program s open- (|e „ o( ^ RfpubUc-.. mg number, “Rock of Ages . Soloists for the Chanters will be Donald Johnson in The Bearded Brothers Palms by .lean B. I anre and    pouncj Company \V ayne Dunlavey, Chanter director, in “Holy City” by Ste- NEW YORK (UPI) — Tile phen Adams.    *    bearded Smith Brothers, whose Iowa composer Karl King will portraits have appeared on box-be represented on the program es of cough drops for more than with two selections by the band, a hundred years, were the ac-under the direction of William foal founders of a company Stusak. The numbers arc “The based on their father’s secret New Corn Palace March ” and recipe for “a flavorsome and “The Cardiff Giant March”. efficacious cough candy.” Selections by other noted band In William and Andrew composers also will be present- Smith started the cough drop cd, including “On the Campus” concern in Poughkeepsie. N Y , by E F. Goldman and “Lassus according to Robert Marston Trombone” by Henry Fillmore and Associates, Inc. When their The band also will be heard in pictures first appeared on the a variety of other music includ- b°x over the word “trade-mg CM. Von Weber's "Invita- mark,” the printer mistakenly tion ala Valse”, Caesar Giovan- split the word so that William nini’s “Symphony in One Move- became “Trade” and Andrew ment”, Albert Ketelbey's "In a Mark ’. SMULEKOFF’S atclted ear I/ oil tee BY GIVING EACH OTHER BANDS From $25 OO Smulekoff's has a complete selection of wedding bands. It s your choice, make it perfect. Open Monday Night ’til 9 SMULEKOFF’S Jewelry Dept. ;

Clippings and Obituaries for the Cedar Rapids Gazette