Page 9 of 1 May 1953 Issue of Catholic Telegraph Register in Cincinnati, Ohio

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Catholic Telegraph Register (Newspaper) - May 01, 1953, Cincinnati, OhioBe Mich he Ripe for conversion in u. S. By missionary vet if 5% of catholics get one in year it Means 1,500,000 by Thomas f. Doyl Richmond students of the situation estimate that there Are 5,000,000 persons in the u. S. Ready to become catholics if contacted in the right Way. Their con in route to Africa archbishop Celestino g. Damiano left above in route to his new Post As apostolic Delegate to South Africa is shown with Pius Xii in the Hall of Popes at the Vatican. Archbishop Damiano is a native of Buffalo n. Y., and was consecrated there. At the right is auxiliary Bishop Leo a it Smith of Buffalo. Enrol one out of four Ontario Catholic schools facing enormous growth Toronto ont. A one out of four Ontario children attends a a separate school a As parochial schools Are known Here with a total of 140,000 pupils in these schools. An increase of 40,000 pupils per year is expected for the next three years. Under Ontario Law a separate school system distinct from the Ordinary Public schools May be maintained by catholics who Are taxed for the support of these schools but need not for other Public school support. The separate schools Are costing Ontario $20,000,000 a year but with necessary new building programs these costs will Rise. K to meet the tremendous enrolment jump the schools must prepare to handle an increase greater than the total increase of the past seven years according to g. L. Duffin assistant superintendent of elementary education. A building program is required that will Cost More in the next three years than has been spent in the past seven. Cardinal James Mcguigan speaking to an Ontario Catholic educational conference declared a we must face the facts and be prepared for even greater he added that a the present government has shown a definite interest in the improvement of our educational Etienne Gilson distinguished philosopher from the French Institute of medieval studies at St. Michael a College Here was the principal speaker at the conference. His subject was a the Eminence of the conference was attended by priests Sisters and Lay teachers and marked 10 years of Progress of the Catholic educational group. Nowc radio and wire version could set off a Chain reaction of interest among Many millions. The authority for this statement is the Rev. Bernard Meyer Veteran Maryknoll missioner who returned to the . In 1950 after 32 years in China. Father Meyer spoke at the seventh annual convention of the outdoor apostolate of the Southeast held Here in conjunction with the biennial convention of the Catholic committee of the South. The gathering was declared the most successful since the pcs was started in 1940. Father Meyer called for the development of the Lay apostolate As a permanent expression of the gospel spirit carrying the spirit of Christ into the level of the Layman a daily social and business contacts. He declared that if five per Cut of u. S. Catholics each Madrone convert a year the annual number of converts would be 1,500,000 instead of the present 120,000. Stressing the religion social vocation of the laity father Meyer said that the apostles of marxism Are everywhere and have great influence because they Are from the people themselves. The same must be True of apostolic christians. He quoted Pope i who said a the apostles of the workers will be workers of businessmen will be businessmen of Farmers will be catechists useful in getting converts the Veteran missionary recalled the successful use of Lay catechists to reach the masses of the chinese. Two experienced catechists assisted him and his confreres in the preparation of a teaching manual with which reliable laymen even new converts themselves could give catechetical instructions in Remote villages visited Only periodically by the priest. Under this system two priests in a single District were Able to baptize More than 1,000 Well instructed converts a year. Of the South a 31,000,000 population Only some 1,500,000 Are catholics. In North Carolina catholics Are less than one per cent of the population. \ turn to Page 2 a column 7 korean converts flock to Church despite War Kwangju the enormous dislocations of War converts ate flocking to the Church in Korea. In just two mass baptismal ceremonies conducted by Columban fathers on holy saturday 670 converts were received. Here in the apostolic prefecture of Kwangju Columbas and korean priests working with them baptized 512 adults. This brings the Catholic population of the prefecture Over the 10,000 Mark an increase of 7,000 in 19 years since the Columbas took Over the territory in 1934. Father Harold w. Henry of St Paul minn., is acting prefect apostolic. Parish Ovar 1,000 in Ham Pyong in Southwest Korea a Mission established in 1937, there Are now More than 1,000 parishioners. On holy saturday the pastor father Paul Kim working with Columban fathers baptized 158 converts. Father Henry himself baptized the first 25 converts in Ham Pyong in 1937. These first converts and others held firm despite harassment by the japanese in the chinese japanese War. Priest hid for 25 Days the Community underwent a fiery ordeal under the communists in 1950. The reds burned the new Church and imprisoned father Kim. He was released but later they sought to capture him again for execution. He hid under the floor of a House for 25 Days. T he came out of hiding o baptize a group of 19 koreans who had been taking instructions. Despite the precautions of the red police he successfully escaped them again. For two years after the reds withdrawal from Ham Pyong. The catholics attended mass in the open even during Winter. A new Church has recently been completed. Nowc radio and wire negroes leaders said looking toward Church Richmond the biennial convention of the Catholic committee of the South Bishop William s. Mulloy of Covington ky., attacked the idea of a single uniform technique to eradicate segregation and other forms of racial prejudice. The principles of interracial Justice not he technique said Bishop Mulloy Are the important thing. Recommendations were made to appoint diocesan chairmen to co ordinate race relations work and emphasis was Given the idea to work with not for the one speaker stated that negro leaders often consider the Catholic Church As the probable ultimate solution to racial Justice. A let us catholics a said the message of the Southern Bishops a set the of 100 name registered in the u. S. Patent office member of audit Bureau of circulations 1 a r a f. I f v. A. S Friday May 1, 1953 pm porn Forter ill flt if la St. Michael archangel is traditionally a Luta Itji i vol urn regarded As tiie protector of the Church and her members against the attacks of satan. Victor against the demons St. Michael 1 is aptly invoked by christians As their Champion against the modern Day enemies of the feast of the apparition of St. Michael at Monte Gargano in Italy in the sixth Century is observed May amp to his intercession the to Mayds attributed their Victory Over the greek neapolitan May 8, 663. A special feast was instituted which is named for the apparition but was really instituted to comm in the Orient St. Michael is honoured As Normandy where there is his famous shrine he is venerated As the Patron of mariners. Van Art editor j rate the Victory tron of the sick. In mint Saint Michel cure by Leo Cana new India policy threat to american missionaries new Delhi. activities of some 2,000 foreign Catholic clergy in India including 150 american priests May be curtailed by a new policy of the Indian government. Indians 5,000,000 catholics were shocked by the enunciation of the new policy in the upper House of parliament by the Home minister Kailas Nath Kalju who declared a everyone in India is free to propagate his religion but the government does not want people from outside to come and do this statement was later repeated by the government spokesman. In prisoners saying Rosary broken up by red guards Freedom Village Mun san Catholic prisoners gathered to recite the Rosary together the communist guards would break up the group. This is one of the incidents reported by the Rev. Patrick of Connor Columban Nowc news service correspondent. The communists ignored the Geneva convention rules on religious facilities in their treatment of american and other in prisoners of War he declares. They provided no priests or ministers to attend the prisoners although the North koreans admitted they were holding three English speaking priests one French priest and about five protestant missionaries in addition to korean clerics. I listening in a a i this famous rider had 16 children a newspaper editorial on the anniversary of not approve of de Revoire either for he had an american Workingman a most notable 12 children. He was of Huguenot Stock achievement started me writing this Paul Revere who made the famous ride to alarm the minute men at the outbreak of the revolutionary War was a unique character whom the planned parenthood group would not approve of. He had eight children by his first wife Sarah Orne whom he married in 1757, Ana also eight by the second Rachel Walker whom he wed oct. 10, 1773, shortly after the first mrs. A to was Silversmith and engraver today there Are Many citizens of French a old in new England. Though they cannot though a bit crude did powerful service for the Paul was the third of the a cheaper by the dozen family. He attended the North grammar school and then Learned the silversmiths Trade under his father. He was somewhat of a mechanical wonder boy and was virtual Jack of All trades. He showed High skill in engravings on Copper plate for printing. He was the artist of political cartoons which claim Paul As a fellow member of the Catholic Church they can claim him As of French blood for his fathers name was apollos de Revoire. The dad changed the name to Revere a merely on account that the bumpkins he found in Boston a could pronounce it the father had come to America from the Island of Guernsey at the age of 13 to serve a three year apprenticeship under a Silversmith in Boston. The planned parenthood crowd would colonists in the rising tide of rebellion against England and he furnished engravings for the Royal american Magazine also seals bookplates certificates and Coats of Arros. Among his More unusual pursuits was the manufacture of dental plates which he advertised As a of real use in speaking and eating a j a major Side Issue with Paul a however was turn Toj age 3 a a column 3 Dia has almost 3,500 a native is Clear Quick to express Catholic reaction was archbishop Louis Mathias of Madras and Meli apor who showed that such a policy is inconsistent with article 25 of the Indian Constitution which states a fall persons Are equally entitled to Freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess practice and propagate b. N. Datar Deputy Home minister revealed that there Are 65 Catholic and 50 protestant societies working in India. He stated that these foreign missionaries were expected to carry on educational medical Phil anthropic Rural and social uplift work. Mahatma Gandhi opposed missioners Catholic leaders in India Point out that the idea of restricting foreign missionaries to social work is an old one which had the support of the late a Mahatma Gandhi. The hindu Leader Felt that a halt on All conversion work would help communal peace. This theory was rejected during the debates on the Constitution and specific guarantees were Laid Down assuring All of the right both to practice and to propagate their religion. Nowc radio and wire _ released prisoners said they never had. A priest or minister with them except one chaplain prisoner of War with one group. He died. The communists argued against religion said one prisoner. They spoke against religion in indoctrination classes and a preached communism to us a he said. Prisoners were obliged to attend these classes for some time. But chaplains who met the men after release found no signs that the communist propaganda had turned them against religion. The majority of the catholics received the sacraments within three hours after release. Others went to confession that evening at the evacuation Hospital and received communion the next morning before the Takeoff for Tokyo. If anyone spoke against the communists teachings when under red Power said one prisoner he would be confined in a place where he could not stand up after a while permission was granted for the prisoners to gather for religious meetings conducted by themselves. But the authorities created difficulties As by assigning prisoners to work at the same time. Regular sunday services were permitted Only seven or eight months ago said another prisoner and the scripture texts and hymns had to be submitted beforehand for censorship j a despite the restrictions however the prisoners did carry on religious services among themselves. In one Camp an american Soldier gathered the catholics every sunday and read the prayers of the mass from a Missal. J some puerto rican soldiers a big mistake in a by passing folded crosses from old tooth Chris to he intended the pro Section two t Passi Onist fathers and Bishop o Gara reported released a a a a Hong Kong. A a Catholic spokesman told International news service april 26 that Bishop Cuthbert of Gara of Yuan Ling. Canadian born u. S. Passi Onist and two other a s. Passi Onist missionaries have been released by the chinese communists. The priests Are fathers Paul Ubinger c.p., of Pittsburgh pa., and William Westhoven c.p., of Liberty Center o. Under arrest since 1950, the 67-year-old Bishop and the 59-year-old father Ubinger were ordered to prepare for their expulsion from China on March 22. Yuan Ling catholics believed that the clerics were being taken to Hong Kong a journey of nearly 1,000 Miles. They Yere taken instead to a Hospital in Changsha. A native of Ottawa Bishop of Gara completed his studies in the . And was assigned to the China missions in 1924. Death March msgr. Thos. Quinlan with papal Delegate to Lov. 25 As end came a by John a. Greaves Thomas Quinlan Irish Columban released by the North koreans was with Bishop Patrick j. Byrne Washington born mar Knoller Nyhen the prelate died of pneumonia oin nov. 25, 1950. Bishop Byrne apostolic Delegate to Korea died in a communist internment Camp after a Hundred mile death March into North Korea. Monsignor Quinlan released go gets 1st communion on Day of liberation Freedom Village Mun san Day of liberation for one Soldier turned out to be also his first communion Day. The youth from Maine had just been released by the reds when he went to father Elmer f. Ernst Marine corps chaplain from fort Wayne and explained that though he had been baptized he had never made his first communion. Father Ernst found that the youth had sufficient knowledge of Catholic doctrine. He heard his confession led him to an improvised altar at the rear of a tent and gave him his first communion. M Little Flower Basilica Lesieux Basilica of St. Therese of the child Jesus Here will be consecrated july 1l under construction Many years the recently completed Church is the work of the famous architect Cordonnier who designed the peace Palace in the. Hague mid other noted buildings. Pope Pius Xii then Cardinal Pacelli blessed the Structure in 19k27. By the reds arrived in England by air after coming West Over the trans siberian railway. He said he a found heaven in Moscow a for it was there he was Able to say mass the first time since being taken captive in june 150. He offered mass in the apartment of father George Bis Sonnette american Assumption is who met him at the Moscow train station. Monsignor Quinlan prefect apostolic of Churchon South Korea said he had no knowledge of the condition or whereabouts of father William r. Booth Brooklyn mar Knoller whom the North koreans have promised to release or of monsignor Thomas Brennan Chicago Columban who also was believed taken captive. The communists have disclaimed any knowledge of monsignor Brennan a Fate. Anglican Bishop Cecil Cooper Orne of those released who described the March in which Bishop Byrne was included As a terrible praised the work done by monsignor Quinlan for the sick and dying gis. Another released prisoner Philip Deane correspond ent for the London observe of said a some Day they will give father Quinlan the congressional medal of Honor for what he Dia for the americans. He was truly belgian carmelite nuns mothers Therese Bastin and Mechtilde Devrieze died during the death March. A Young Irish Columban father Francis can a Tan died of pneumonia As a prisoner of the reds last year. Father Philip Crosbie 37-year-old, six foot Columban from Australia helped monsignor Quinlan carry the older and weaker prisoners. The tall australian was so popular in the internment Camp that the released civilians Drew up a petition before their departure a a rom North Korea begging unit father Crosbie be permitted to accompany them. Monsignor Qumran said that medical attention and food were inadequate on the March although the trek was made in easy stages. The three meals a Day in the commie Camp consisted of Millet seed. Monsignor Quinlan was not allowed to say mass or hear confessions arid never saw the inside of a Church during his Captivity. But the missionaries formed a secret group to hear each others confessions and they said the Rosary to their a a hearts he added a you can imagine what an immense Consolation it j when the March began on oct. 31, 1950, there were about 700 american soldiers and 68 civilians in the column. The latter included women and children and a group of aged Frerich priests two of whom were Over 80 and several Over 70. During the March each captive was fed Only a a Ball of Millet Cerea that looked like Canary seed in the morning and another later in the Day.�?�. Anglican Bishop Cooper said two of his missionary Collea a died at his Side on the forced March me a. Clergyman and one an anglican nun. A the column guarded on either Side by armed men was under the command of a North korean police major we called pm Tiger Quot or. Cooper said. A we were told at the outset that we would be under military discipline a that nobody can fall out and that the Strong can carry the we went like this until the last four Days when lorries picked up the women and the oldest of the civilians. A it was terrible but i do not want to say More about it because there Are still people left behind in Korea and i done to want to prejudice their treatment Nowc radio and wire and other services 1 released prisoners knew heroic for. Emil Kapaun Mun san. A m. Sgt. Gilbert Christie recently released prisoner of War remembers father Emil j. Kapaun of the Wichita kans., diocese As a the most unselfish Man i have Ever a non Catholic from Monte abuse of hit by French Hierarchy Paris. A French priests were told by their Hierarchy to celebrate private daily masses and Only on rare occasions to take part in so called a Community masses As a substitute. Priests have failed to celebrate private masses at several recent meetings of the clergy the Assembly of French cardinals and archbishops noted in a letter. At these meetings priests have assisted and received holy communion at one mass a. So called a Community such a mass is not forbidden for its purpose is to show the Unity that obtains Between the celebrant and those present at mass. But the too frequent use of this Type of mass is wrong the Hierarchy stressed and the practice needs close episcopal supervision. L the a Community May so might Lead the laity to suppose that priests too easily forego their own private masses or it might cause the laity and some priests to underestimate the value of the private mass the Hierarchy St a Ted. Blame could be attached to the a Community mass a too if it gave the impression that such a collective gesture of Unity is More important than a number of private masses j Only by permission circumstances particularly at Large meetings of the clergy sometimes prevent priests from offering their private masses. But Bash Ops should allow a Community masses Only with their express permission in individual cases the Hierarchy ordered. Nowc radio and wire convert instructions written on toilet paper in red prison i Hong German Engineer converted to the Catholic Faith through instruction written by a priest on toilet tissue while both he and the priest were prisoners of the reds was expelled from China and was baptized when he arrived Here. Wolfgang Hermann Gruen was received into the Church by divine word father Bartley Schmitz of an american province. But he was instructed in the Faith Bir father Aiden Mcgrath an Irish Columban missionary Noia in. A Shanghai jail. Or. Grue ii who had worked As an electrical Engineer in Shanghai since 19 39, was thrown into prison by the reds in 1951. Father Mcgrath was sent to the same jail that year. Or. Gruenes cellmate was a chinese professor of ancient history. Though a Buddhist a the teacher admitted to or. Gruen that his Oriental religion made paste tubes. One added a Corpus carved from leather. Nowc a radio and Quot wire Fessor said to study catholicism on his release from jail his thirst for the truth a ppm bpm a whetted by the buddhists remarks the Engineer was Happy to meet father Mcgrath National director of the legion of Wolff of Hermana . Mary in China when the priest was incarcerated in a nearby Ceil. The Only Way the two could find to carry on a a religious correspondence course a however was by the use of Small squares of toilet tissue Given thle prisoners. The priest would write the truths of Faith on As Many As 12 tissues a Day Andi also answer the questions put to him by or. Gruen through the same medium. The Engineer was convinced before he left jail. Was victim of nans mfr. Gruen married in 1932 to the a Bodenstein a concert pianist and a devout protestant was Ayeste by hitlers police in 1938 and was forced to leave Germany. His wife was coerced into divorce by the nazis. He Learned in 1946 that his wife and children had been killed in Germany in an air raid. The German Engineer is glad he was thrown in the red prison. A i Idonat regret it a he said a because there i found father Mcgrath and the True radio and Wir Ezuma ind., Christie told Columban father Patrick of Connor that a when the Winter got extremely cold he gave some of his own clothing to saw father Kapaun in the a death Valley prison Camp Between Ulsan and Pyonk Dong in the fearful Winter of 1951. Father Kapaun was As Good to the protestant soldiers As to the catholics said Christie. Some of the men he recalled got a a Means As conditions grew worse in the Camp but a the rougher it got the Kinder father Kapaun got a towards the end father Kapaun had a Long Beard a he related. A i heard men remark that he looked jut like pictures of Christ it was reported that chaplains were the worst treated prisoners in Camp. V t in january or february of 1951 father Kapaun was taken to it the prison Hospital a practically dead on his no one has seen him since. ,. R a chaplain to the eighth cavalry regiment father Kapaun became a hero to his men. Once he took the wheel of a jeep carrying litters of wounded and drove the men Over a fire swept Road to safety. The original Driver had been killed at the wheel. When the communists launched an attack a Early in november 1950, father Kapaun heard that there were wounded men left behind. He and a medic or. Clarence Anderson of Long Beach calif., Witt Back through the chaos of bottle to Hie certain Captivity that followed. Father Kapaun was awarded the Bronze Star in september 1950, for carrying a wounded Soldier to safety under enemy fire when no litters were available. He was later recommended for the congressional medal of Honor and received the distinguished service dross second highest u. S. Medal for bravery. Fellow prisoners who escaped have resolved to place a memorial to father Kaparin in the Church in which he served in the Wichita diocese. Nowc radio and wire Kentucky truck Drivers give College $25,000 Louisville �?truck Drivers local 89, a. F. Of l., presented $25,000 to father Alfred f. Horrigan president of Bellar mine College to establish a memorial to the locals late founder Ansboury native of Ireland who organized the local into a a orce of 8,000. Union officials said $15,000 would be used to Purchase books in the Field of labor and $10,000 for constructing a labor manage ment classroom in the $1,000,000 building being erected. A

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