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Bluefield Daily Telegraph (Newspaper) - August 4, 1954, Bluefield, West Virginia PAGE FOUR—BLUEFIELD DAILY TELEGRAPH, BLUEFIELD, W. VA. Wednesday Morning, August 4, 195^ •Bailli {Epigraph Ray Tucker 1166 — tiUOH IKE SHOTT — 1953 ES' *BU«1T*>: lit)    f**r» Momma 4f ’.Im Dai *    fri.iM-f Ca 41) Bland B'r»*t Btu*' Md W Va MKN RMV JR TUT VS90CIATX.D FR) BB whim • ♦ *cu»It*1; anttUM la th* aaa af puhile«ti*n af a.l nava atap* 'baa (r«4itaB ta tbla paper aet) alaa tba Mf a1 paw* PtibiiihM tyrant IkBaCRtmo.'* RA .Ba Ba Carrier Daily tad Bubba; Ut pat a aaa Br Mail la /int iii aaa and a ad all af Batt Virtual* IKM p*r r»ar iUtat ta •tam Banat furanbad a* app.itatiaa Member Audit Bar*aa a# n^aulaiton Af van taint RapraatatBtl*.—Ua Rata atan«» la*. ___TaiapWtta Bit)    _ Good Morning “LH Tour lichi bb tltina br far a man." Matthew J; lf INCE on a block and roc it v cob Bt.. .1 climbed a licht* house that could boast . . . Of IU bright. at rone for* reaching beam . . . that could be Been for miles to lleam ... I bbs surprised lo see the power . . . That came from one bulb in that tower . . . Twas small but this they said aas why . . . "The lens directs its beams • nd by . . . Their prisms multiply Its might" ... So can your life reflect God s light. O' Sutton Vs. Kefauver Right-wing reactionary, tariff protectionist, favorite of racketeers; that’s what Sen. Bate a Kefauver has been calling Rep Pat (James Patton) Sutton. Left-winger, Internationalist, favorite of the Reds; that’s what Sutton has been calling Kefauver. The two are fighting for the Democratic nomination for Senator from Tennessee, in the primary on Thursday. August 5 The Senator, of course, has the greater eminence, as a result of presiding over the televised hearings of his Senate crime Inevstigatlng subcommittee in 1950-51, and of campaigning formidably for the 1952 Democratic presidential nomination A graduate of the Vale law school, now 51, he served ten years In the House before being elected to the Senate six years ago by almost a two to one vote The Representative, a businessman and farm operator, attended colleges in Tennessee, emerged from more than five years in the Navy with the DSC. Though only 38, he Is serving his third term in the House; he had no Republican opponent in 1952. Kefauver voted for. Sutton against statehood for Hawaii, admission of 214.-000 non-quota refugees over three years, sustaining the Truman veto of the Mc-Carran subversive activities control bill. On many other key Issue.* their votes cannot be compared- partly because the ‘issues came up differently In the two houses, partly because Sutton missed a great many Yea-and-Nay votes, especially in the biennial election years. As a result of his intensive campaign against Kefauver. he was not recorded on 53 of the 61 such votes in the House this year up to July 29 How To Get Woter Municipalities and whole areas in the United States are faced by the problem of slowly decreasing underground water tables, and some resolute measures, including the Impounding of surface water, are being taken to make up the difference. The borough of Brooklyn, N. Y., Is unique because Us problem is the*oppo-site- a rising water table—and some resolute measures are being taken there, too. The first inkling of this almost unheard of circumstance came when the boiler rooms of two housing projects began to be flooded, and the floor of a subway station four blocks away away began to heave and crack. Engineers who planned the foundation work on the housing projects checked their figures and verified that underpinnings were well above the water level when the houses were completed In 1949. The buildings hadn t sunk, so obviously the water tables must have risen. This was a reversal of a 44-year downward trend. Engineers have now pinpointed the starting date of the rising water table —1947. At that time the last of the privately - owned water companies in Brooklyn went out of business and quit pumping from deep wells. It Is thus obvious that the water table can be raised lf no water Is used. This is a charmingly simple solution, but impracticable. With the population increasing, with industry gobbling more water than ever, and with the per capita usage climbing steadily, it Is, In fact, no solution at all. The sole crumb of comfort is the evidence that there Is nothing radically wrong with the internal workings of mother earth and that, given half a chance, natural forces will set things aright once again. Too Much Coffee Just as some other countries are doing, Brazil is discovering that government support of prices is not without its headaches. The observation comes to mind because of a report from Rio de Janeiro that coffee exporters are deeply disturbed by a growing surplus of their product in consequence of the government's determination to keep prices at a level eight times as high as those of 20 years ago. Although there has been no organized buyers' strike, it is a fact that the high cost of coffee has caused people in many nations, including the United States and Canada, to turn to milk, tea, or what have you. The result Is that Brazil’s exports of the beverage bean have dropped sharply and her dollar holdings have deteriorated. In spite of concern voiced by businessmen, the government gives no Indication of a willingness to .change its price policy. So the time may come, as it has come in the past, when over-production will fores a coffee-burning spree. United States Is Unpopular Through Vast Arab World • • • CAIRO. Egypt-The United States has become extremely unpopular throughout the vast Arab world, which constitutes very weak front line against Com munist aggression. militarily and economically, but mhtch owns the land on which the Western Allies need Army, Air and Navy bases We also need their active support from a sen".mental and historical viewpoint. We cannot afford to have them favor the Russians in resentment. The Arab peoples, according to their spokesmen in this ancient capital of Islamic belief, like us. , personally and collectively. American business men and newspaper correspondents get alone far better with the Arabians, from here ’brough the Middle East and India, than do the representatives of an*, other nation But the officials and the people despise the U S foreign policy as conducted by both the Truman and Roosevelt Administrations. Thou ga utterly an ti-Com munist. they are skeptical of our attachment to such hated "colonial and imperialistic" power* as Britain and France, (larking et Oar Allies On the ground that we cannot afford a break in the aolldarity of the Anglo-French-Amerlcan Alliance in Europe and the Far East. Washington backed the British in the Iranian oil dispute and also London s now ended controversy with Egypt over future occupation of the great military and air base 150 rn .lea northeast of Cairo, which is regarded as essential to the protection of the Suet Canal against Kus*.an invasion of the Middle East. We support also the unpopular French occupation of Tunisia and Morocco It is easv to sit in Washington and write about backward peoples* resentment of foreign occupation, colonialism and imperialism They are only words, words, words— theoretical terms. It requires a visit to this section of the work!, and talks with people from officials to hotel door dragomans, lo realise the bitterness which ae are building tor ourselves. To support Anglo-French foreign policies, for instance, we refused to market Iranian oil after that country confiscated British holdings. The great international petroleum organization clamped on a boycott at the request of the State Department under Truman, and Eisenhower continued it. In backing the British in the Sues Canal and military base argument, the United States refused to sell arms to th# new Naguib-Nasser regime. So. Egypt bought from Spain, which la receiving American military assistance Finally, we voted against tilt demand of the Tunisians and Moroccans that their grievances a ii a | France be discussed before the United Nations Symbol <M Imperialism Washington's skiing with the Churchill Government rn the Suez Canal controversy appears to he small cause for hurting and Arabaian friendship toward us But to the Egyptians, who are imbued with the same spirit of nationalism that is sweeping what Truman called ’backward and undeveloped countries." it represented the last symbol of "Imper! slum and colonialism " ‘ How would you Americans like it." exploded a high official of the Nagiub-Nasser regime—Just be- . fore the recent Anglo-Egyptian pact wa* signed—“lf Canada insisted on occupying New' England? How would you like it ll Canada demanded that it be per-miued to maintain a military base on Governors Island in New’ York Harbor, or at Fort Dix in New Jersey? We are just as pround of our nation a* you are. We have the same longing for complete independence and recognition. "The British point out that they have given vou Americans many bases in England and in their possessions around the world. But that is quite different. They gave or leased them to you under a contract and freindly agreement —In fact, for their own national Interest. But they have been on Egyptian .soil through the stain of conquest ” Washington's policy on * col-onislism." under Truman and Eisenhower, has been to force Iran Egvpt. Idno-Chma. Tunisia and Morocco to make concessions to their imperial masters The time may have come for Ike and Dulles to demand that the great powers—our Allies—give more consideration to the little but lusty peoples of the world From One Bear Trap To Another Geo. Sokolsky Drew Pearson SHEILAH Graham HOLLYWOOD — Tile last time Gordon MacRae was in Las Vegas he left a packet behind at Ute tables—I hear it was st mew here in the neighborhood of $40,000' June Haver and Fred MacMur-rav continue to act very cosy and honevmoontsh on the “Blue Horizons'* location *1 Jackson Hole. Wvo June washes Fred’.- laundry and cooks everything he can fish cut of the river. If this marriage fails, rn give up Listen to Elsa Lanchester. reminiscing of when she first, cam** to Hollywood with Charles Laughton: “The town then was full of Nouveau rich. Now. with television, it’s full of Nouveau poor.”. . Well. Paul Douglas isn’t leaving it to the movies to make him rich. Paul. with a New York Syndicate, has bought six constellation planes— but I dunno what for. Robert Wagner is doing a switch in "White Feather " the story of the Cheyenne Indians' surrender to the white man Robert plavs a heman. a frontiersman who practically makes the Indians surrenoe.-single-handedly—they think he's tuch a fine feller. Says Bob. "it's time to grow up, time to change my picture roles and my publicity.’’ Remember Butch Jenkins? The boy movie monster, living with his folks in Dallas, is now a strapping six foot two. . . Ar d lf you want to know what happened to Jackie Coogan—the la-st I heard, he w’as rn Copenhagen making a movie, Porfirio Rubirosa is appealing to Washington to reverse the “n o work permit” decision He’* letter perfect for his role of the singing saloonkeeper in ‘ Western Affair" with vou know who—who is crying into her champagne because, she jay*, "this it the first time a picture was written (or me. anti/was right for me." They’ll make the movie if they have to vjo to the Dominican Republic to do a. Robert Ruark Drive-In Traffic Court Is Being Contemplated I see rn hare they are thinking about stamng a drive-in traffic court near a particularly deadly .highway in Westchester County. ’New Yolk. which seems to me a brilliant idea in this automotive age This scheme has already been plumbed in a rough form in some of the more informal South-1 em slates, and it works fine. You may or may not have had any contact with trafflc-court procedures in place* such as Georgia or South Carolina, but I remember them as a marvel of efficiency.! What happens is that vou will be booming along oo those long. straight roads, at about 90 per. A couple of oops boil out from a speed trap, and herd you Into a countv seat consisting of one street and a feed store The cops aav oui! up yonder, and indicate a comer. Standing on the corner is a chai acier in a hickory .-birt and seersucker pants He Is formally introduced ai the local Javpee. and court Is convened. How fast?" he says, assassins:-1 mg a June bug with a high. swift stream of tobacco juice. ’ Eighty-two." one cop savs “I reckoned. It w a a more Uke IS.” the second cop says "Whatya got to say?” the 1ay-pee asks. • Well. your honor*.” you say. “I thought I.. .” "Guilty,” the j.typee savs. "You are hereby directed to appear in the General Sea* ions of next convening court on Shrove Tuesday of 1976. "But I got to ne in Washington to appear in tav summer replace ment of the McCarthy-Ai my show.” vou say. “I can’t wait" "Wal.'' sezze. “It’* jail or bad.”* You ask bow much ta the bail and he mentions a aum that might( have been demanded for Hitler's release if the B’nal B’rith had1 caught him. You say you will write a check. “Nope.” the man says. No check. How much cash vou got'”’ "Twenty-three dollars and seventy-three cents.’’ you say. “Bail reduced to twenty-two dollars. extenuating circumstances.” he says. "Fork her over. If vou miss court, vou forfeit bail. Case dismissed.” I have never figured out who gets the money, but the chances ere ti changes bands in a ciao gam# or is swapped for five gallons of home-cooked whisky. All I know is that having the court right there on the comer is a powerful deterrent to swift driving We are in a drive-in age. and I nm heartily in accord with it. There is no place to park any more, anywhere, so what I say is let buxine** come to you. There are drive-in banks, where vou can bounce a check without leaving the front seat of the car the bank probably owns anyhow. Drive-in movies, especially in the 8outh. are the best excuses for necking and a little quiet boozing that ever were invented. There are drive-in laundries and* drive-in groceries and drive-in this and that and the other thing. The only thing I haven't seen suggested yet for drive-in application is hospitals, lf they could wore out a way to drive into the delivery room lea* babies would be born in taxicabs. And the only thing I can think of that won’t fit into the drivein scheme is funeral parlor*. You might possibly arrange to have the customer deliver himself, but F. C. Othman MCLEAN. Va — My favorite kind of weather alogy to write concerns blizzards. A fellow can sit by a steam radiator and pound out the details in comfort. A snowdrift is something he can see and a line of traffic on any icy hill is funpy for everybody except the ones wishing they had chains * No matter how blustery it gets, there’s always ai least one thing pleasant about a winter weather story. Thia Isnt that kind of piece. The drought that has been breaking records us playing hob with Fairfax County. Virginia, and also with my beaten-UD acres. It isnt doing me any good either. I’ve almost had to- stop bathing. Mv poor bride has been so worried oyer her new hemlock trees that she has been watering them early and also late. This wather comes from our well. where the pump seldom stops buzzing Such continued use keeps the pressure down to around IS bounds in the pipes, and that isn t enough to bring anything but a kind of reverse gurgle to my shower. Stick your finger in the faucet and the suction holds it there. Blizzards Are Favorite Kind Of Weather Story This is leaving me a little dusty around the edges, but the treed .still are alive, though just barely. Hilda can water only one at a ame and she ba* 110 of them Our 14 acres of grass we have forgotten. The whole works is brown. I’ve done no mowing in weeks. Neither have my neighbors. This has put a crimp in the lawn-mower repair business of my friend A. T. Gilbert, but he says do not worry about him So long as people refuse to put oil in their putt-putt engines, hell have work to do In our pasture is a horse. We cut hay there early in June and the grass has not grown since: the field still look* new-mown. Through the edge of this runs a "burbling" brook It hasn't burbled since last April. I'm having to haul water to the horse, and this also has its effect on those hemlocks. Many of my neighbors are dairymen. producing milk for Washington. D. C. They, poor devil*, are in a spot. There’s no chance now for a second crop of hay. and their barn loft* are half empty. One man who ordinarily has 2.000 bales of hay on hand at this time of Elmer Roessner Reduction Of Operating Costs Major Problem is free—then the SBA had better stop printing management aids and go in for aery novels. The leaflet was prepared by Virgil M. Rotroff, New Yore management engineer, and copies can be obtained by writing the SBA. Washington 25. D. C., and asking for Management Aid No. 51. The Small Business Adm uhs tra- w ell on simpler and less costly poration and annual reports there-tion may have produced a two-page machinery. Avoid the use of high- after. best-seller. It’s a leaflet titled, priced labor to perform lower-pric- shipments of gas-operated cen-'How to Reduce Your Operating ed. unakilled-labor jobs.    heatii* equipment during the *nd ^ tdal    in    "Question whether or not the job first six months of the year were times like these—-especially since it i* being done in the proper place. 15.6 per cent ahead of last year, the Could it be performed better some Gas Appliance Manufacturers As-where else, nearer the puint where sociation reports. Due in part to the preceding or following opera- the extension of natural gas sections are performed? Look for op- ice through pipelines, portunitie* to reduce materials While there is another good year handling cost* by relocating the ahead, "the recovery does not operation or combining it with an- promise to take on the properttas other function.”    of a major new advance.” V. Lewis Thera are    many more ideas,    director    of    the    Bureau    of In its limited space, it cannot get j They are worth investing a stamp. J Economic and Business Research around to specific advice, such as Chamber of Commerce execu-'f*    University of Illinois, writes recommending the firing af all rel- tlves are not always the do-or-die- *n    current hanoi* Badness Re- atives, and it is therefore confined j for-dear-old-home-town fellows that v1?*'    .    .    ...    , to theory. Some of the more im-    many persons believe Dr. C. L '    “lere. *s hai'<fJy    scything'    else portant of the generalities are:    Lapp. of Washington    University.!in the picture that    will    lend    lm- "Don’t investigate a big complex told a recent meeting of C. of C. P°nant assistance to the forwa.^ arca of cost reduction in a single executives at    Dallas that a survey    ne    states.    Although unit even though it all oomes under    had disclosed some shortcomings.    ”|e Possibility cannot be    ruled    out the responsibility of one individual.    Among the faults are    that execu-    *"al ,a nea' nigh in    the    gross    na- Instead. divide It into smaller I Uvas are more hisotrians than pio- Lionel produot may temporarily be areas and concentrate attention on, Deers; they fail to take positions on ye*0"*®- w* chances are that the the solution of one problem at t crucial issues; they lack needed in-) recoycry movement will tiffin ame.    I formation too often; they fail    than    half    but not all of the ‘ Don t try to find opportunities develop ideas into a workable kround. for savings by merely asking ques-: plan: they all    too often start off on lions. You have to go deeper than the defensive; they use their jobs that—into records and "Separate long-term from shortterm improvements and try to get results that are immediate. Don’t lose ume studying functions that would require a capital expenditure beyond your budget ll natation. as stepping stones to something else; they emphasize minor projects and neglect major ones: they try to do $1,000 projects for $50. and they are afraid to ask the membership for support in time and money.    .    „    -    .■    I Many executives, he said, were smaller than the lot. and the "Prove to yourself that each Job of excellent caliber, but greater yard somewhat larger than the is really necessary. Knowing why1 care should be used in selecting P°wer mower. a job is necessary often leads to and training others. ideas for a better and less costly Companies organized outside of method.    the District of Columbia will have Look for temporary procedures to pull out of the District of Colum set up to meet a temporary condition in tile past. These may have bi* by December 6 or "qualify’’ under the new’ Business Corpora enacted by Congress year now has 900 Our country papers have a small advertising boom because of this - imported hay for sale at high prices, nay that’s been trucked down from New York State. What effect this will have on the price of milk for city folks I hate to predict. Most Irritating thing about this drought is how the skies turn in torren’x. This lasts usually for a minute and a half. Then the sun returns, and five minutes later the earth is as dry as ever. I We locals don’t even brag about our vegetable gardens, because we haven’t got 'em. My bride did produce a few squash before all the moisture left the ground. And now the tomatoes are ripening. They’re the size of marble* and mostly they’ve already been half eaten bv our local turtles in search of something wet. The other vegetable plants, including the beans, simply have disappeared. Even the weeds are ; curled around the edges, while my trash pi> is growing higher and higher. I dare not put a match to it. The w hole county would go up in flames. Senator Soaper Says The magazines are full of tips for home purchasers, and two good ones to remember are that the ranch house should, if possible, It’s pretty hard for a girl ta go around in a bathing suit and make it through the summer without getting sunburned, insulted or elected queen of something. Politicians Learn To Use Phrases To Stir Imagination % • • Politicians have long learned to use a phrase to stir the popu’ar imagination. Such a Phrase saves the people from the need for thinking. All they have to do ii to -e-peat the phrase over and over again and then they believe that it is true Theodore Roosevelt in-vented the phrase "The Square Deal,” w hich .actually had no precise political meaning TIM assumption was that most politic ans. when playing the card game poker, then as popular as bru^ or causata la .u Jut generation, dealt the cards from the bottom a.* well as oft the top of the deck, but that Teddy dealt straight. Franklin D Roosevelt improved upon his distant cousin’s phrase and made it "The New Deal, a rather confused adventure in oolitic* and economics, having to do with doing at every political moment what came naturally without regard to the future. It was a most successful phrase because it gave Roosevelt four winning elections.    * Winston Churchill came pack into the politics of Great Britain. when It seemed as though Hitler would win World War II. with the dramatic phrase. "Blood Sweat and Tears"—which is all tha* he could offer his people It electrified them into resistance to the enemy It stirred them to an historic effort of the greatest magnitude. It was a wonder-working phrase. Imagine my surprise when I came across a political poster of 1844. headed Burrah for Barney ii Liberty I” Never having h-*ard of Birney bus being a collector of anything that comes my way, I got a photostat of the poster from Larry Johnson who sells grocer* in Syracuse and runs an old-rMh-looed country store It would seem that back in 1839. the Abolitionists, organizing the Liberty Party, nominated James G. Birney for the presidency, u* he declined. In 1843. they repeated this nomination of James G. Birney who got 62.000 votes in the election of 1844 which was sufficient to upset the hopes of Henry Clay and resulted in the election to the presidency of Janies K. Polk. The Birney poster contains the following paragraph: ' Anti-Monopolists, come and lend your aid for the overthrow of a mountain monopoly, compared with which all the other monopolies in this land are but as the ‘small dust of the balance.’ A monopoly whose capital is Twelve Hundred Millions of Dollars, all in- fes ted in human muscles and ones and sinews: and which, in its results, not onlv extorts from its immediate victims their toil and sweat and tears and blood, but annually drains uncounted millions from the pockets of the ;ree North, and renders American Republicanism a hissing and by-word on the lips of all the Despots of the Old World.” There is do reason to believe that Winston Churchill ever heard of James G. Birney or his poster and we must assume that Churchill invented. "Blood. Sweat and Tears” out of his own head, he being very good at that sort of thing. But this is an interesting historic fact. The Birney poster was for two mass meetings in Madison County. New York State. For years this particular poster hung in a country store in a town called Can-esaraga in Madison County. Probably because nobody could pronounce Cantaraga. they changed the name to Sullivan which is what the town is now called to the everlasting joy of the Irish. Not many miles away is Pompey, a town in which, I am informed, lived a fine American girl, Jenny Jerome, who in due course became the mother of Winston Churchill. Now. there It is Winston Churchill got his wood r* working phrase pre natally by osmosis. If you lo not believe that, you will not believe that Bacon wrote Shakespeare. ’hat Sam Roaenman wrote Franklin D. Roosevelt’s speeches, that sometimes Haydn wrote Mozart and vice versa that nobody ever rolled his own. You must wonder that Socrates never wrote a book or why the learned and wise and fat Dr. Johnson has come down to us through the gay and somewhat profligate Scotsman Ba* well. Well. I offer no explanation for these phenomena. But the Birnev poster is real even if Birnev la so forgotten that his najne is hardly an historic memory as .t is with so many other candidates for the presidency. As for Winston ctijireh-111. ha still holds forth in fine Georgian English, the master phrase-maker of our Ume. A midwest editor complains become permanent procedures of tion law questionable value now.    When    they    ‘‘qualify.*’ they will be that mode rn” as h tr a vs am noheln the    co    nm!    e    one* ^    *°    l0Cdl ******* and serv* a* lo the pipe smoker. The Ute attire complex ones, and dont ices of processes, required to pay onlv ashtray that would really load nigh-ccst equipment aith woHftcertain annual fees, and to file suit a pipe smoker would be one Urn could b. performed .uu.Urip.pcr. .ho* mf homcsut. moor-, bV enough for Tm (HH S. Daily Telegraph Said FIFTY YEARS AGO L. S.fShirer returned from a visit to relattves and friends at Waynesboro. Va. James McDowell Jr. and sister Ruth, left for a visit to Virginia Beach. • • • IX)RTI' YEARS AGO Rebel forces were reported marching on Mexico City France and Germany were at war without any declaration of hostilities. after German troops invaded French territory. • * * THIRTY YEARS AGO Germans insisted on evacuation of military from Ruhr before launching of Dawes Plan. Damage to plane forced abandonment of round-the-world flight bv British soldiers, led by Major A. Stuart MarLaren. at Nikolski Kemanderski Island Siberia • rn * TWENTY YEARS AGO Pocahontas-Tug River District Council of the Joseph A. Helmes Safety AssociaUon was organized Mr and Mrs J. H. Tabor and family moved rom Yards. Va. to RFD Princeton. » • • TEN YEARS AGO Brittany’s capital of Rennes fell to Americans. U S. seized Philadelphia’s transportation network ending three-day work stoppage. Ta* Laie ChrisUan Science Monitor: Color television will have come too late for one of the gaudiest and grandest pictures ta grandfather’s memory—the old bandstand on the green in front of the town hall decorated for ilia Fourth of July. Another Filibuster On Atomic Energy Measure Is Seen In Senate • • • WASHINGTON - Chances are that Congress has not seen the last of the lecord-making 13-day filibuster over the future control of atomic energy Another f.libusre-may be Just around the corner. Despite the hot weather and the hot air. however, nothing could be more important to you and your children. For this bill spells out a pattern for the energy tha’ will turn the factory w'heels and powerplants of the nation beginning perhaps in less than 25 year*. •Reason for a possible new filibuster is that Conv rex* ion ai conferees are now hig?i-mg to adjust the differences between th* house bill and the senate bill - especial '' the important amendments which the Senate put into the a-bili thanks to th* harassing force of the 13-day filibuster. The House conferees are determined ta knock these out. Furthermore, the pre-dominant majority of the senate conferee* are old school reactionaries whose neck-bristles are already up over the sens a amendments. To understand what the haggling and filibustering is all about,, bere is a thumbnail sketch of the more important disputed amendments and what they mean to you and the future economy of the nation Water power sites and atomic energy-One vital amendment introduced by Sena.yr Humphrey. Minnesota Democrat, to rules of the Federal Power Commistion to the leasing of federal fissionable maw erials. What this means ii that since falling water which generates water power in regulated by the government, the neutron* which have been developed by the gov-eminent a) a cost of twelve billion likewise are to be iggulated under the aam* rules as the leasing of water power site*. The Federal Power Commission ha* built up through the years a tried-and-tevsd set of rules for leasing dam sites to prtva'a utilities. Power rates are based on co* s. and the power commission has a set of rules to prevent the padding of costs Ruch padding is even more important regarding atomic power, ainee the prlva’a atom plants will sell plutonium back to the government, and the price they cia charge the government is all-important. If they are permitted to charge a high price they can pay for the entire cost of their plant in a few years, meanwhile using a government-developed patent. House conferees and some Senators would like to knock out this Humphrey amendment applying Federal Power Commission rules to atomic energy. They don’t want the big business firms which will general* atomic power tied down by th# rules of the Federal Power Commission. Government construction of a t o rn I a reactors-An amendment introduced bf Senator Ed Johnson, Colorado Democrat, permits the government to build aa atomi* reactor, In other words, a plant for generat mg peacetime atomic power. In contract. Congressman Sterling Cole of New York introduced an amendment providing that the government cannot build an atomic reactor. Cole wants no competition auth private A-planls. Senator Johnson, on the other hand, argued, and the Senate finally agreed, that just as the government built Boulder Dam. Grand Coulee, Bonneville, etc., to serve aa a competitive yardstick to private power companies, so the government should also build its own atomic energy plant to serve as a similar yardstick. Senator Hickeniooper. tows Republican. in charge of the senate bill for Eisenhower. at first introduced an amendment directly contrary to Johnson, providing that the government could not build a reactor. Then he withdrew It, when senate in-fighting got tough. He win undoubtedly rote in th* conference committee, however, to knock out Johnson’• safeguards Anti-monopoly -Senator Langer of North Dakota, the only Republican successfully introducing a modifying amendment, tacked onto the bill a safeguard against violation of the Sherman antitrust aet. If any company producing atomic energy shall be convicted of violating the antitrust laws, Langer specific^, its license automatically reverts to the United States, which ahall license it royalty free. When this proposal canna up for dabata. Hickeniooper was inclined to favor soma kind of anti-monopoly safeguards, but observed:    Perhaps    this Is too Important to act on in a hurry. Perhaps we should hold hearings on this provision.” "That’s exactly the point wa’vt besa making.” replied Langer. “We’ve been trying to tell you that this whole bill was too important to be rushed through congress ta record time.” What Langer referred to was th* fact that the Senate received committee prtn’a of the atom bill only one day before debate started, it was obviously impossible to study such an important bill in one day; on top of which Senator Knowland expected to pax* it in one additional day of debate. Opponents of the bill suspected that it had been purposely saved until the last minute in order to ram It through in th# hot and hectte cioatny days of Congress without too * many senators realizing ita significance. Patent protectIon-One of the Most important amendments of all. though a complicated one, was ln’roduced by Senator Bob Kerr. Oklahoma Democrat, providing for the compulsory licensing of patents for a period of IO days. The Eisenhower administration had recofmized that new patents developed bf private enterprise must be made available to other private concerns for a period of five years. Kerr extended the period to IO years. Theory behind this is the tame as that existing in the automobile industry, whera auto patents are pooled and each company has a right to the patent of hi* competitor. This is one reason th# auto industry has made such progress. Likewise, atomic patents so far have been pooled, with Uncle Sam owning all tha patients. In the past eight years, the U.S. Government has filed 606 patent* on atomlo energy, and this pooling of patents, in turn. is why atomic energy also has jumped ahead with such amazing rapidity in th# past eight years. There has been no strangulation of new processes. However, with the turning over of the*# patent* to private industry. Eisenhower draftees of the new bill recognized that some of the big companies which have been working with the U S. Government might be nursing new secret* up their sleeves, ready to bring them out after the passage of the bill. Several big private firms-Monsanto Chemical. Bibcock and Wilcox. Union Carbon, Dow Chemical, Westinghouse, and General Electric-have been working with the government. So it was argued that they sh'xild not get any advantage or bead start over other firms in developing peacetime atomic energy. •    q That was why Ike-advisers specified a five-year patent pool. However, this was considered too “socialistic” by sonv' House Republicans, particularly Congressman Sterling Cole, chairman of the joint Atomic Energy Committee. He int'oduced an amendment in a sea closed door committee meeting (Tara Ta Page I) ;