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Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia ATL ANT At v CONSTIT TOL. XXII. ATLANTA, GA., MONDAY SEPTEMBER 8, 189O. PRICE FIVE CENTS. TOM BEEP AT HOME. IFOBKJWe FOB If IS KETVBir TO CO1T- THE ELECTION CLOSELY WATCHED. Secaow tho KepubUcans Only Claim a Thou Bund Majority, and tbo Democrats May Surprise the Natives. Wi'orraGTOif, September The eve of every politician in America is turned upon Maine. Tlie congressional elec- tion in that state is held tomorrow. While -Mamo has always been a republican state, the two parties in Speaker Reed's district aro quite evenly divided. His majority the last time TOS something over However, in the race for the forty-ninth congress, Mr. Beed 8 mmor.ty was less than 200. This time the race Trill be -V ery close. Both parties are working and Sir. Rood's friends do not ho will get more than a ma- jority. It is understood that the followers ol Mr. Blame are doing whatever they can in Heed's interest, hut are ready to knife him if can be dime quietly. Keed knows that he -cannot depend on the Elaine element for asssstance, and consequently he has his lend- ing lieutenants' assistance in the house, in- tfludmK McKinly and Billy Mason, up there and -working in his interest. The result of tomorrow's election ia awaited -with much interest. BEF.D RKAD KKNSBDY'S SPEECH. It is rumored that Speaker Keed was shown She manuscript of the Kennedy speech, attack- ing Quay before he laft for Maine, but onlj shrugqed his shoulders when asked his advice as it in order; and if this rumor true, it is quite certain Heed could Tiave presented the delivery of the speech, However, Keed was as mad as Kennedy with .Quay because he aided in killing the force bill. and tho big man from Maine enjoyed Quay's, disoom Torture about as much as, any democrat. JBeed has a well-grounded idea that he cannot get Quay's support for the presidential nomina- tion in and is ready to knife the Penn- sylvania Doss whenever an opportunity pre- sents. THE SOfTH CAROLINA CAMPAIGN. Judgo Haskell, a prominent hanker oi Columbia, and a very vigorous anti-Till- manite, is quoted in this morning's] Post as follows "We will not vote for Tillman. That is ab- certain. Thousands oE democrats who know that he has maligned our most honored citizens ill refuse to cast their ballots for such a man. It is better that the white men jjhould separate than for them all to go the "I luid rather not say what we propose doing Tintil our convention meets next Wednesday. I have the putting out of a fnll ticket, believing that to be the best mode of showing our disapprobation of TiUmanlsm. If the straiRhtouts present a ticket, the republicans refrain from making renominations, but If -n e fail to do so, then they will. 'Whatever jnaj be the outcome of Wednesday's meeting it will not result in our change of attitude. 'Tillniau is entirely too nauseous a dose for us to swallow. "We have no compromise to makp find the battle will be fought this bee." WEEK. Ifflie Senate Will XHspose of tlie Tariff Appropriations. WASHINGTON, September day lias been added by the senate to the limit fixed for debate on the tariff bill, and in accordance tkis arrangement Monday will be devoted to the consideration of the sugar schedule, in connection with the reciprocity question, speeches being limited to thirty minutes. Votm" on amendments, without debate, will and continue until they are alf disposed of. When that time will arrive can not be stated with exactness, for as long as the bill is before the senate it will be open to amendment. But when no more amend- ments remain to be offered and the vote is on the of the bill, six hours will bo given to debate. For the republicans Messrs Ingalls and Aldrich will probably oc- cupv the time; for the democrats Messrs. ilcPhersonJand .Carlisle, and possibly Vest. The tiiial -vote on the bill -ftill not be taken, it is believed, until the close of the week. The conference report on the river and har- Taor bill, which would have been disposed of Saturday but for the want of a quorum, will "be called up tomorrow morning by Mr. Frye. Jt is expected it will be agreed to with but little, if any, debate. After the tariff bill is out of the way, the conference report on. the land grant for- ieiturobill-nillbe taken up, in accordance with the announcement made by Mr. Plumb, and when disposed of Mr. Sawyer wiil ask of tho anti-lottery bill, according to lous notice by Mr. Quay. Saturday on the late Kepre- Kandall, of Pennsylvam.i. District of Columbia business wil! probably occupy the attention of the house tomorrow. Tuesday, the Virginia contested election case of Langston vs. Venerable is to be considered and will be followed closely by the South Carolina contested case of Miller vs. Elliott. In both these cases the election committee proposes to seat colored republican contest- ants. Later in the week the appropriation committee expects to call up the last of the ap- propriation bills. The general deficiency bill tas been materially amended by the senate. Tho tariff bill is among the possibilities, and it it should be returned to the house this week ly the senate accompanied by the request, it will he granted and the bill thrown into con- ference directly, as there seems to be no dis- position on either side to interpose any object- ion to tlie speedy disposition of the bill. CenSTts Statistics. WASHINGTON, September census office gives the total population of Vermont as a decrease in ten years of eighty-one; the population of Louisville, Ky., crease of A JJOCTOK'S CBiaEE. THE BORBOB. AX SPOKANE FAI.E.S. Taking the Dead Bodies Oat of tlie Mass of BOCK and Sarth. SPOKANE FALLS, Wash., September Time only heightens the horrors by the premature explosion of the blast in the Northern Pacific freight yards- here, last night. At 11 o'clock p. m., tho men engaged in tho sad task of taking out the mangled victims were forced to desist because among the rocks which wore being cleared ail ay were five other blasts that might bo ex- ploded in the task oi removing tho mass ot debris that bnriod the victims. Up to that hour eighteen bodied had been taken out. There are yet twenty-seven men unaccounted for, all of whom are probably buried boneiith the mighty mass of rock. The fatality was terrible. The men were given nochance for their life. It was either instant death or slight injury. There was about 200 pounds of giant powder in the blast, j The accident was caused by somo one's carelessness. The man in charge of tho blast and three assistants, were blown to atoms. It is the custom to prepare the blasts and charge them at the hours of 12 o'clock noon, and 6 o'clock in the afternoon, and after the men have left the work and gone to a place of safety, to shoot them. In this case, however, it seems that one blast had been prepared by the foreman, and C. McPherson was preparing B a' second one. The men had all finished their work and were putting on their coats, getting ready to go to their homes, when they met a horrible and unexpected death. Either the rock was too hot from the action of the drills, or else the tamping exploded the second blast, and that exploded the first. Tho man who was tamping paid tho penalty with his life. A man who stood beside the one who was tamping escaped with slight bruises, although cubicfeet ot rock wore hurled for hundreds of feet in every direction. Another man who was near the deadly blast, and who was supposed to bo dead, was seen shortly after tho explosion in a half-crazed condition walking around with his clothing torn to shreds. Men were working in a cut leveling off the ground for new freight yards. The cliff of rock on the side of the cut which was being removed was twenty feet high. The blasts are so arranged that the rock is thrown toward tho cut. Not anticipating the blast, about thirty men wore under tho cliff when the blast exploded. Tho great mass of rock and earth was raised in tho air and pitched over into the cut, bury- ing the nion beneath its awful weight. Kone of them had time to run and but a few escaped, in a miraculous manner. Over 100 men were at work in adjoining cuts and at once were on the scene of tho terrible accident, and began with picks and shovels to hunt for the buried bodies. From all over the huge mass of rock groans and shrieks issued and the air was filled with horrible noise and appeals of the wounded and dying. A short half hour and all was still except for the working men with pickiuhand, who with the light of lanterns worked late into the night removing the dead bodies. CI.EA1HNQ THE WRECKAGE. Tlie Accident at the Yadkin River "Bridge, Near Salisbury, N. C. IT." September Reports today show that the wreck at Yadkin OUK NEIGHBOBS NOR' CAKJ.DIA.lf FAKHIKItS AlfD MKTH.ODS. THE WORLD'S POOREST PEASANTRY., Frenchmen aa Amerlean w tho Canadians ]Feel Alioat rl Interesting Kens. r CHICONTIMI, Canada, Ssptemtifei cial traveling through lower Canada one cannot lail to be struck with tlie primitive manner in which agricultural operations are carried on and it has occurred to me that our live Georgia farmers may be amused and in- terested to know something about their less fortunate brethren ot the far if the reader will glance at liia map ho will see that I am writing from the very borders icy Labrador. Tho French farmers of lower Canada are said to he the poorest peasantry in the not cruelly and dangerously poor, like the pro- letariat of out great cities, but tho poorest farming populations in the world. The stern Laurontian oldest land, by the wiy, upon the face of the rugged slopes make the scenery of thelower St. Law- rence and the Saguenay so world-famous, are as niggard of favors to the tiller of the the lact that his English neighbor was a democrat would be reason enough lor the Frenchman to become a republican. The attitude of the-two races -toward each other is somnthlngUke that of the whites and blacks at tlie south, and is a striking commentary upon the policy of tryinc to force different races into unnatural relations. If the Canad- ian Englishman cannot swallow his little pill without a, wry face, how in the namool heaven can we bo expected to swal- 'low our huge African one The solidarity of the French, is aa great oa -that ol the negroes, and their political creed luo same, opposition to their Protestant the negro ia in opposition to hm white neighbor. As they outnumber the English nine to one in the Province of Quebec, it ia eaay to see that the democratic party would not gain much by the annexation ol this. part of Canada. Whetner the annexation ol any part is a question ol practical importance at present, is a debatable point. The Canadians of all classes are still valiently loyal to England, but it is like our own loyalty to the old south, a loyalty oi sentiment rather tuan conviction. Oor hearts, our affections, our recollections cling londly to the old south, but our reason, with judgment, the our new: hopes and just soil they lavish picturesque beauty to the lover of nature, and the chilling winds that sweep from their rorky sides, oven in August, forbid any but the hardiest plants to grow. Grass is the uni- versal crop, and that, fortunately, seems to De very rich and sweet, for though I have seen no blooded cattle, between here and (Jueoeo, the butter that is served, even at railroad eat ing houses, is a revelation to one accustomed to the lived, yellow abomination sold m our southern market under the name of Jersey butter. It is of a delicate, ivory flesh tint, as healthv butter ought to be, instead of the lurta orange" yellow that artificial colorings have taught our perverted tastes to prize, and so fragrant that you detect the rich, creamy odor the cover of the butter dish i so it is with our Mends across the in their leelings, affections and prejudices they lean strongly to England but their reason, their judgment, their interests, are with America. I heard an intelligent Canadian the other day, when this sub- ject was under discussion at a dinner in Quebec, that if it were put to vote tomorrow, he believed there would be a ma- jority in favor of annnexation. I cannot agree with him, however; I do not think Canada is ready yet to throw herself into _the arms of her big sister, but hoping and believ- ing, as I do, that the English-speaking people are destined at no distant day to unite in one grand Anglo-Saxon federation that give law and light and civilization to the world, we can afford to abide the time when we shall all be in name what we are in fact one nation and one people. E." F. ANDEEWS. ALABAMA POLITICS. PRO GUESS THE THE BATTLES IN THE BISTRICTS. Five Out of Eiglit Sitting Members Renoml- of tho What the Leaders Bay. as soon as muuved. With blooded cattle, and a little experience in scientific methods, our Canadian friends, in spite ol their bleak climate, ought to be the most prosperous dairy farmers m the Hut they aro sadly unprogressivo. Their farming implements are of tho most primitive kind, even the old-fashioned well sweep being of common occurrence. One rarely sees a two- horse wagon on any of the farms, and the scrubby httle nag that struggles before the two-wheeled cart, with its mountainous Ioa3 of hav, looks absurdly like an industrious ant ins to move a dead bumblebee. One great drawback to the introduction ol sciciiutic methods is tho extreme smallness of the farms. Tho French system of subdivision prevails to a large extent, and as the French Canadians are noted for their fertility, a family of twenty children being by no meanb uncom- mon, it does not require many generations ON SUSPICION, for a firm to patchwork that be cat up into would rival tome 3Se Administers Chloroform to His Affi- anced and Assaults Her. RicitMOND, Va., September Garland P. Moore, a surgeon, and physi- cian of Baltimore, ia wanted in Eastville, Northumberland tcounty, Vgiginia, on the charge of outraging a young lady. The sheriff ol Northumber- land offers a reward ol SSOOj lor ghis arrest. Major Poe, chiel ol police ol thia city, has received a letter Irom the sheriff, asking his aid in the arrest of Dr. Moore, Tvho was thought to be in this city. The sheriff states that Moore had been paying at- tention to tlie young lady for some time, and Tie married. they were engaged A few .days ago administered chloroform to his affianced and then assaulted her. After committing this heinous offense, Moore fled. He crossed the Chesapeake Bay and York river In small loats and took the Chesapeake and Ohio train at Lee Wall station and came to Richmond. Tlie accused ia a graduate of Eandolph-Macon college and practiced medicine in Baltimore. Moore is about five feet six inches high, light complexion, pale face, light brown hair, blue weighs about 130 pounds, is slight built, walks briskly and a sprightly talker. The entire police force has been ordered to keep a lookout for him. Major Poe is ol the opinion ihat Moore did not stop in Bichmond, but went vest. bridge, on the Richmond Danville, fifty miles north of here, last night, was one of the most disastrous that ever occurred in North Carolina. A special tonight from tho scene of the wreck says that ?reat crowds from Salisbury, Lexington and throughout the entire region visited the horrible scene of destruction today. Tho train, it appears, jumped the track when it was within 300 yards of tho bridge, and went thundering and crashing upon tho structure, breaking it down and Bending thirty-six loaded freight cars with the engine and tender into the river like so many maddened sheep, scattering debris in every direction for a hui- dred yards roundabout. Conductor Tom Scott saved the caboose from the wreck by uncoup- ling it from the doomed train. Engineer Bob Allen is seriously hurt and fears are entertained that his injuries may prove fatal. Brakeman Will Arrington, whose frightful leap was mentioned, is getting on as well as could be expected. All the other train hands wore hurt, but the hopes are that none of the wounded wQll die. The construction force of the entire Rich- mond and Danville system has been detailed to the scene of the wreck and is bard at work clearing tho way and rebuilding the bridge, but it will be several days yet before a train can pass over. In the meantime the Richmond and Danville management has made arrange- ments with the Carolina. Central and Capo Fear and Yadkin Valley systems, and trams are now run by way of Hamlet and Fayette- ville, about 125 miles out of the way. CHOPPED HIM WITH AN AX. The Attempt of Woman to Kill Her JEInslmnd. QUANAB, Tex., September Justice Duncan, yesterday, sitting as an ex- amining court in this city, investigated the case of Mrs. J. H. Taylor, charsed with com- plicity in a murderous attack on her husband on the night of the 28th ultimo, at his home near Quanah, while asleep in bed, during which an attempt was made to behead him with an ax, resulting in a dreadful wound across the face. A girl of fourteen had cut him in the face. It soems from the wife's statement that she merely wanted to finish him after the girl had (ailed. The details of the evidence are too dreadful to appear in print and reveal a woeful condi- tion of domestic affairs within the home of the wounded man. While the girl positively denied Mrs. Taylor's charge against her, she acknowledged that her father had been cruel and harsh to the family anojhence the con- spiracy to kill him. The examination of Mrs. Taylor resulted in her being remanded to jail in default ol SSOO, and rhe charges against the girl will be examined by Justice Duncan.- Mr Taylor is improving and wiil doubtless re- cover. The case has attracted great attention on account of the heretofore respectable stand- ing of the parties involved. SIBERIAN HOBKOBS. Eoiv tie Eihonrtod Exiles Are Dispatched Murder, Gape and Robbery, Etc, SAN FBANCISCO, September Barkentine Catherine Sudden has arrived at Port Town- send from Siberia. Her commander, Captain John Thomas, has sent to this city a descrip- tionSol the Russian exile system as witnessed bv tarn. He describes the brutal scene he witnessed on Lagbien island, a famous sian exile prison. A large party of exiles of all ages, heavily manacled, were being taken to thei island. A few old men whose strength out fell [from exhaustion. The brutal river, acting under orders Irom his superior, shot the unfortunate men and. removed their i were shown. wo o the wonderful bed quilts exhibited at our Georgia state fairs. I met an oid lady the other day informed me, with evident pride, that her mother had been the eldest of thirteen children, she herself boing the eldest of fifteen and the mother ol seventeen, while her eldest daughter, whohasbeeu married just thirteen vcars, is already the mother of eleven, and bids "fair to cairy on the progression to its next term of nineteen. I leave to some more patient mathematician the task ol calculating into what sortof a patchwork an original faraj oE 100 would have been divided m ta--s course of these lour generations. continued subdivisions have baa a very curious effect along the river banks, whore the desire of each owner to possess a Detectives Kunnlne Down The Wxeclcers of the Montreal Express. ALBANY. N. Y.p Septemher A rumor was current all day that a man has. been ar- rested on suspicion of being one of the wreck- era of the Montreal express Friday morning. Railroad officials, police and Piiikerton detec- t-yea are re could be l MONTGOMERY, Ala., September the eight congressmen from the state of Alabama, the agony is over with five, and the sitting members have captured the nominations in the democratic conventions of their districts, which is equivalent to an elec- tion in each of the instances. The sitting members who have been renom- inated so far, are Clarke, of the first district; Herbert, of the second; Gates, of the third; Bankhead, of the sixth, and Forney, ot the seventh. There was some opposition to each of these gentlemen, but it was only in the sixth that the opposition was open, outspoken and agressive.and in that district for sometime it was an even battle between Bob Lowe, a prominent yonng lawyer of Birmingham, and Hou. J. H. Bankhead, the present member from the sixth district. Lowe was popu- lar and developed considerable strength, but Congressman Bunkhead had enough votes in the convention to secure his nomination, and Mr. Lowe waits until 1802 to give him another tussle for the seat from the sixth dis- trict. There was more opposition probably to Colo- nel Herbert of the second district than to either Mr. Clarke, Colonel Oates, or General Forney, but the opposition to Colonel Herbert was not strong enough to defeat him, and after several hours spent in filibustering, tlie opponents to his renomination threw up the sponge and he was nominated by acclamation. The opposition to Clarke, Oates and Forney amounted to nothing when tho convention met, and these gentlemen received their nomi- nations as though such a thing as opposition had never been thought of. The convention in the first district was held man Bankhead, and lie will make mosfi vigorous canvass that his party has maAs that district since tho war. It is hardly pos- sible that he will defeat Mr. Bankhead, but bis friends say he will be foand trying to do The republicans have their eyes fixed on apparent division in the democratic ranks in tne rifth district, and should the Goodwater convention fail to select the rigljt man next Wednesday, tfao republicans wiil pnt a man in. tho field, who they claim can knock out any democrat that the convention may nominate, unless it should be fortuate enough to hit the right man out of all the meit who are or who> may come before the convention. This republican, it ia said, stands well in hitf county, among all classes and parties. He is said to be a republican who has never hankered after office, and is a prominent member of tlio Farmers' Alliance. The republican congress- ional committee of the fifth district bastaotyefc called a convention, and it is said they will call none, mi-til after the democrats have seted. If they think then that the democrats have put out their strongest man, a weak republican will be thrown into tho sacrifice. If the demo- crats make a mistake, according to the views of the committee, this phenomenal republican will be trotted out. XHI3 PLAN FOR KEOKGANIZATION reticent on the subject and nothing ______.earned from those quarters, nor could it be learned from any of them where the man is held in custody. An Associated Press re- porter, who has been on the case all the after- nion, collected the following story by pi'-------n from sources he deems reliable: De' Bryant, the itective Hudson ore e water front has caused the forms to be divided longitudinally until they have become reduced to mere strips from lifty to seventy-five, or very rarely 100 feet wide, aud stretching back- wards sometimes a league or more in length. If Whitehall street from Trinity church to the railroad crossing were plowed up and planted in "rasa and a little dollhonse not much bigfcr than a dovecote, set down upon one end, it would ho a fair representation ol a French-Canadian farm. While these lands aro held practically in fee simple by tho tenant, and can be sold or l the bequeathed by him at will, they same time subject to a perpetual tax or ground rent, of 1 to H cents an acre, called by the French tlie droit foncier, which divided or are at the police force, this morning, arrived in this city shortly before 9 o'clock, having in cus- tddy Mr. York Reed, of East Albany, who has served as a freight biakeman on tho Hudson ri per division of the Central road, whom he ai rested in Hudson on suspicion of being one of the train wreckers. Reed ia now in Super- intendeat Bissoll's private otnce in the union depot. This was learned from a waiter who brought his supper for him from the depot res- taurant. He is Deing held in private custody for the time being, it is thought, in order to allow the detectives who are working on the case an opportunity to him. It is known that Superintendent Bissell. Robert A. and Mr. Humphreys, a Central de- toctive stationed at Poughkeepsie, have been closeted with Reed all the afternoon. ANOTHER ACCOUNT. Following is another account ol tno ar- rest of the moa lor connection with the ro- ceiit wreck on the New York Central: A man named Reed, a brafceman, residing at East Albany, was arrested today at -recking the u Thursday that he has Hudson, charged with. Castleton said strong candidate against him, having signally failed. This leaves but throe democratic con- ventions yet to be held. In tlie eighth district, Fighting Joe Wheeler, the brainy little con- gressman who has represented this district so long, has everything m a sling, and it is hardly probable that any candidate will be placed m nomination before the com ention in opposi- tion to him. It is said that Joe Wheeler knows every voter in his district by name, and never fails to show one of them that he knows him when he sees him, and this, together with the fact that General Wheeler is at all times ready to serve his constituents in any way in his power, gives him a pull which cannot be resisted. MoDuffle, ol the fourth district, who was given the seat to which L. W. Turpm. of Hale, was elected, and who is the only republican in congress from this state, will probably have a hard row to hoe to secure a renouiination. A strong influence is at work in tlie fourth dis- trict against McDufHe, and, as this district is negro, several of that race are in the field urging their claims for recognition at the Of tlte ShenamloaU Valley Railway and tbo Arrangement with Bondholders. PHIDALELPHIA, September morning paper publishes the following: A plan for the> reorganization of the Shenandoah Valley rail- way, which has been in the hands of a receiver for more than five years, lias at last made its appearance. The road ia to be sold at a fore- closure sale on September 30th and committees of tho first mortgage and general mort- gage bondholders have agreed upon Louis Fitz- gerald, George C. Wood and Frank P. as a committee to buy the property. The re- organisation plan contemplates tho issue of, fifty-year 5 per cent mortgage bonds, and of preferred and common stock is to be transferred to the Norfolk and. Western railway in consideration of certain guarantees. Holders of the present Shenan- oah Valley first mortgage 7 per cent bonds will receive parand a full interest in the mortgage bonds, being at the rate of per bond; holders of Shenandoah Valley eral mortgage bonds pay an assessment of S66 per bond, and receive Norfolk and Western preferred stock. No> provision seems to have been made for holders of Shenandoah Valley income bonds and stock. New bonds aro to be guaranteed by the Norfolk and Western railway. Of tha authorized, S223.400 will be issued in taking up the present first mortgage bonds, will be used in paying off receiver's certificates, car trust ob igatious, for costs reorganization, for double tracking and im- provements and equipment, and the remain- ing! -nill be spent in securing a terminus in Washington, C., and ill tha construction of a road from Port Royal to that citv. The plan Mill undoubtedly go throughTas all opposition to the committee has been allayed THE DAY AT CKKSSOX field ursine th hands of the party. The democrats of the fourth district will renorninnte Turpm, who waa unseated by McDuffio. This leaves only one district, the fifth, lor consideration. This district is repre- sented by Hon. J- E. Cobb, of Macon, who is his second term and is a candidate train night. near It confessed his crime and has given the names of four companions, all of whom it is said, are reatest excitement prevails strikers. The here and the si grea itriker s themselves make threats ______________ against Reed. He was brought to this city this morning very quietly and is thought to be confined in the Central depot, although Superintendent Bissell denies it. Mr. seen tonight by a reporter, said: "I have nothing to say tonight, and would prefer to have things kept quiet. Tomorrow may be a day of surprises." Robert Pinkerton paid: "Nothing can be said tonight. My men did not apprehend the man, and even if they did I could not talk of the case." HOW RCEU WAS TRACKED. Facts aro difficult to obtain but it seems that as soon as the detectives went to work, they found traces of Reed, who is a well- known railroad man, his whole family being in the business. He was tracked to for renoinination. the fifth district The will convention assemble Canada, it must be remembered, was oc- cupied during the reigns of Louis .i-lV and XV, when the oppressive Iprerogativos of the aristocracy wore at their height, and the grants of laud made by the crown to its favorites, carried with them the same rights or as wo should now call them, wrongs, that were enjoyed by the noblesse in France. Among those seignorial rights, was the droit de banalite as it was called, or exclusive right of the landlord to grind at his own mill all the grain raised upon his estate, thus enabling him to subject the tenants to whatever extor- tions he choose in the way of tolls. This abuse was abolished about the year 1S53 or along with all other seignorial rights and wrongs, in commutation for which the landlords were allowed the droit foncier, or ground-rent, mentioned above. These droits fonciers aro now bought and sold in the market like any other stocks, and if the tax went to the government instead ol private individuals, we should have here a fair sample of the practical working of Henry George's single tax very simple and easy and natural thing, as any one may see, if accompanied by other needed re- forms, and not at all the horrible bugbear with which our old woman politicians are wont to frighten themselves out ol their I can think of no more striking illustration of tho property ol these French-Canadian farmers than the fact thatimall as this rent is, they are in some sections unable to pay it, and like the Irish, are seeking relief from the government. Few of the larms will support their owners, so the men seek employ- ment in the towns, leaving the farm and work to he carried on chiefly by women and chil- dren. Extreme poverty makes them very hard and grasping. Their broken English, ___j ____ their rustic appearance, their childish beher turned tonight from lecturing in north Ala- their rustc appearance, e that the euro can put out a conflaOTation of so chains. Ko mercvVr discrimination were shown. "Wives saw their husbands killed before their eyes mothers saw their daughters outraged and insulted. The exiles were driven like cattle, a heavy whip being used to urge them on. The prison cells were filthy, and the treatment barbarous. presaion of. great gui----- on their part, but just let luni undertake a small business transaction with any of them, and he will very soon discover that the simplicity is not on their side. Whatever may be their igno- rance in other respects, the last one ol them knows the correct English lor dollars and cents, and if you get clear of your dealings with them not more than twice aa much outol pocket as you expected to be, you. may conT aider yourself lortunate. The bright side oi their character is their extreme cleanliness, their Ireedoni Irom the grosser kinds of immorality, and their in- tense love ot flowers. The poorest cottage is never without its well-kept parterre ot bril- liant flowers, and in the darkest and dingiest streets ol Quebec, one can always recognize the homes ol the French' laborers by the pots ol flowers in their windows. As possible American citizens ol theluture, these people possess a nearer interest to us than, most of us are aware ol, lor their influ- ence upon American politics, if Canada shall ever become a part of the United States will not be favorable to the south. 3Sot that they woulA be directly hostile to us, but they are directly hostile to whatever is favored by the Canadian English, and the sympathies ol theSe latterare undoubtedly with. us. Their position on the tariff il nothing else, would naturally ally them with the democratic mm Schodiack and then to Hudson, and last night one of the detectives found him at a house of prostitution. Tho chief detective of the road clapped him on the back and said: we want you at Albany." The man turned pale and said: "What, for that job at Castleton? Who He was locked up and was brought here this afternoon. Mr. Bessell's reticence in the mat- ter, it is believed, arises from the fact that they are trying to get Reed to give the names of the others, and further rumors say that prominent Kuights ol Labor men are con cerned. Master Workman Lee said tonight that Reed was not a striker, but refused to go out with them in the late trouble. He says that the knighte sympathize with the road', and hope that all concerned will be caught. Reed is unmarried and lives with his mother at East Albany. He had been miss- ing ever since the night ol tho wreck. At his home tonight it was stated that he was a Knight of Labor, and a striker despite the knight's denial. ANOTHER ABBEST MADE. Later tonight a man named "Lane" Miller, a railroad man, a knight and a striker, was ar- rested at his home in Greenbuah Hollow, charged with being one ol the wreckers. It is thought that Reed has turned state's evidence. Other arrests are promised belore morning. "WENT THHOTJGH THEIR C3LOTKES. Commissioner Kolb and Professor Newman Robbed at a Hotel. Ala., September Commissioner Kolb re- turned tonight Irom lecturing in north Ala- bama, with Professor J. S. Newman, ol the Agricultural and Mechanical college at Auburn, Ala, While at the Alexander hotel, in Cherokee, Colbert county, Ala., on Friday night lost, occupying the same room with Proiessor Newman, they lound on the follow- ing morning that their clothes were gone. Subsequently they found them in the corridor, minus their gold watch and about in cash out of Professor Newman's pants pocket. Commissioner Kolb Lad over with him, which-he fortunately concealed under his pillow that night. The gold watch ol Proiessor Newman was a valuable historic heirloom and was inscribed inside, "Georgia out ol which the case was made, coming Irom a gold mine ol his relatives. So far no clue to the stolen article's has been ascertained. Galveston la Happy. GALTESTON, Tex.r Septemher The river and harbor bifl, to which is attach thi 0.1 _ __________ tetl le Galveston item approptiatanj: passed today, has revived business in all brandies in Galveston. Real estate has jumped to an enormous figure. The bill in- sures deep water fqr Galvestoa harbor. WiH Not Pat Oat a Xiclcet. FORT "WORTH, September delegates to tlie Jabor convention, which, convenes tomorrow, are nearly all here. It is learned tonight thattney will not put oat a state ticket, but will endorse tho commis- sion and General Hogg, democratic nominee, tor governor. the 10th instant at Goodwater, in Coosa county, and it promises to be one of the most exciting political conventions held in this state In years, except, possibly, the last state convention of the democratic party. Congressman Cobb has already in the field against him three opponents, each of whom has a strong following, and it is said there are a half-dozen or more dark horses tied out, each hoping to become the beneficiary of this bitter and prolonged struggle which all be- lieve will be developed in tho convention. The avowed candidates for the nomination in the fifth district are; Congressman Cobb; J. P Oliver, of Tallapoosa county, secretary of the State Farmers'Alliance; John Burns, of Tallapoosa, and Dr. W. C. Cross, of Bibb. Oliver is Congressman Cobb's strongest opponent, as it is believed he will have the backing of the alliance, though with many of the alliancemen he is said; and while they do not want Cobb, they will not take Oliver, nor can they be concentrated on either of the other two candidates. It is claimed that they are looking about for an outsider on wbom to flock, and this impression carries stacks of consolation to the hearts of the gentlemen who are peeping through the brush at the congressional plum. The array of talent which, it is said, would be right glad to secure the nomination, in case of a dead-lock, is composed of the fol- lowing gentlemen: Ex-Congressman Williams, of Elmore; ex-Congressman Sadler, Judge Wilkerson and Hon. MacA. Smith, of Autanga; Colonel Wilbur Foster, of Macon, and last, but not of least importance, it is saidl that Rev. S. M. Adams, of Bibb, presi- dent of the Stato Farmers' Alliance, has a fond eye cast in the direction of the nomination. Rev Mr. Adams has not been very long in public life, the oniy position he ever filled being that of a member of the lower house of the Alabama legislature, to which he has been renominated by the democrats of his county. He is not announced as a candidate against Congressman Cobb, but he is a prime favorite with the Farmers' Alliance, and that the members of that organization should go solidly lor him in the event ol a protracted struggle, is not at all improbable. The fifth district is composed of the follow- ing counties, which have the vote given: Au- tauca 12 Elmore, 20; Macon, 14; Chambers, 21- Tallapoosa, 29; Chilton, 18; Bibb, 18; Coosa, IS and Clay IT; a total of 165 votes. No candidate has enough ol this vote to se- cure a nomination on the first ballot, and the iriends of only one, Congressman Cobb, claim enough, but their claim is made BO modestly, that its effect is lost. Cobb is generally be- lievedtobe the strongest man, with Oliver a close second with a strength which he claims will develop enough to give him the nomination. To show the uncertainty ol the result of the convention in the fifth, a prominent alliance- man ol Chambers county, has been appealed to by several members ol the delegation from that county to allow his name to go before the convention, assuring him that none of those in rhe race could be nominated, and that the chances of his nomination were most favora- ble The allianceman appealed to, answered in the negative, and the delegates them came at him with the question, "Will you accept should the convention name you? Congressional nominations aro not as a gen- eral rifle lound hanging on trees, and the an- swer to. the last anerry can be readily guessed. This is the democratic situation in congress, ional matters in Alabama, upto the present time Now, as to the republican situa- ation There will a scramble m the fourth for DcDuffie's shoes with the chances in favor of a negro securing the nomi- nation, or, if McDuffie it, of a bolt on the part of the negroes led by the white republicans of the district who are opposed to Candidates may DO put in tho field by the republican party in the first, second, third, seventh and eighth districts, bufc il they are, it not bein a hope that they _ will win but merely to have a show of organization. lathe sixth, Colonel Vaughn, a prominent attorney of Birmingham and an excellent gentleman, is Intfee field against The Presidential Party Attend Divine Ser- Afternoon. Stroll. Cr.KSSON, Pa., September sun sbono out brightly today for tho first time since tha president's arrival, and a geiit'o breeze from, tho mountains prevented what other- Wise have been a not day. The president and the members of his household, excepting Mrs. Harrison, attended divine services in tho largo parlor oJ the Mountain hoase this incniing at 11 o'clock. The services v.-cre conducted by Rev. George Kodgors, Episcopal minister from. Verona, Pa. He delivered a br.el ser.aoii on. the personal, moral and spiritual ties taking the broad ground that vol- untary ignorance would not be accepted by Godin the palliation of religious deliiiquincies. Miss Jeannette Halford, daughter of tho president's private secretary, assisted in tho singing and sang as a tlte beautiful hynia "Angel of Charity." In the afternoon the president went out for He was accompanied by Mrs. mick. Mrs. Harrison was somewhat indis- posed during the early part of the day, bat revived in the e% emng and walked over the rest of the party to supper at the hotel. Mr. Russell Harrison arrived here late last night and spout the entire day with the family at the park cottage. He returned to New Yoak this evening. Mrs. Russell Harrison. expects to start fur the west next Tueidayv Mr. George M. Pullman stopped over hero this afternoon to pay his respects to the presi- dent. STOCK-BREEDEItS TO MEET And. Make an Exhibition of Tlieir erly. THOMASVILLE, Ga., At a recent meeting of the Thomas County block-breeders Association held in this city, ifc was decided to have a stock-breeders fair and basket picnic here, November I2th. A programme including such attractions ai 'exhibition of stock, tournaments, shooting? matches, and other amusements has been. prepared.______________ A Close Congressional Fight. ANDERSON, S- C., The republicans of Anderson county, aro organizing to make a hard fight for the con- gressional district. Procmct meetmes were beld yesterday all over the county to elect delegates to the county convention, which, meets in this city next week, which will ia turn, elect delegates to tho congressional con- vention. There are three candidates out, Russell, of Andeison, whose name is well known all fithe county from his late political movements; Bnce, of Oconee, re- publican of tho black stripe order, and Tolbert, of Abbeville, who has very little one way or the other. Russell will probably secure the nomination. Delegates to tho Direct Trade Convention. MONTGOMEHY, Aia., September governor to-day appointed the fol- lowing delegates to tho direct trade conven- tion to be held in Atlanta September the 10th; W. B. Haughton, Montgomery, president of the Commercial and Industrial Association Orvitle F. Cawthorne, Mohile. president ot the board of trade; Wlntbane "Woolsoy, Selma, president of the board of trade; John O. Cheny, Montgomery, general manager South- ern exposition; Hon. C. W. Shelly, Birming- ham, and J. H. Eainey, Kcanoke. To tho National Prison Congress. MONTGOMERY, Ala., September governor has appointed the lol lowing delegates to represent Alabama at the- national prison congress: Dr. Peter Bnce, ol Tuscaloosa; Honorable John T. Milner, Bir- mingham; Miss Julia Tutwiller, Livingston; R. H. Dawson, Montgomery; "W. D. Lee, Greensboro; A. T. Henley and Rev. Evaa Hicholson, Birmingham. Tho Bralcemea Get an Advance. CHATTANOOGA, Tenn., September Saturday morning six crews of.freighf hrakemen on the Memphis and Charleston roaar operating between Chattanooga and Steven- son struck for an advance from to er month. The matter was compromised last by the railroad company allowing tlie men per month. There was no trouble on tho road. _ ______ TUreo Persons Fatally Injured- MUSCOGDE, I. T., Septemher James Mahan, a prominent citizen, wife and chilo. were fatally injured today by a runaway teant DEATH OF MRS. JAMES Tills morning, at 3 o'clock. Mrs. James K. Hotliday, nee Miss Mamie Otia, quietly passed away after an illness of several weefcs On tae 2Cth ol last November efco stood before thtt altar a beautiful bride, receiving congratula- tions of friends, and now that death, has claimed _ aer so soon makes it peculiarly sad. The funeral notice will appear ia tomozroqnft. i iNEWSPAPERr IEWSPAPERI ;