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View Sample Pages : Atlanta Constitution, May 30, 1890

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Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - May 30, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia VOL. XXI. ATLANTA, GA., FRIDAY MAT 3O, PAGES. PRICE FIVE ROUNDS BUT M RESULT. Save to Show Their Respective Strength. KOLB NEEDS FIFTY VOTES Give Him the Nomination for Governor. PURPOSES OF THE ALLIANCE To Make Needed Reforms in General Matters, MONTGOMERY, Ala., Corre- contending forces, after dark tenure locked horns iu earnest. Three trials of strength were made, in each oE winch Reuben F. Kolb developed more strength than he bad claimed, but there still remained a. gulf -of about thirty votes to bo bridged over. Aad as for the result, only tomorrow's -figures can tell. Xlie members of the convention lingered around the cauitol anxiously until 4 in the afternoon, awaiting tho action of the gcommit- tea on credentials, and even tUon another wait of one hour luul to bo" made. The nineteen votes in of Chilton, to Kolb on the prima facie ami were included in his estimate. "When tho reported it was a for the farmers' candidate. The vote of 3 HTunilloy-, Bcajamm Bouertscai; Governor Daniel North Carolina; P, T "FlejnJng, of Florida; A 33. of South Carolinri, States Senators John S. .W. W- Colonels William Iamb and Williitm'Ei Csnidroil; -Captain J- Tyler, 'E; Xtee's staff iFiftei-''IS." Taylor. Charles Harlfijiir; T. M." B. Talcott, General A. -L. -Major' duties aad.the following .members of General Lee's family: SlissesMildred 'and Mary Lee, Cap- tain K'bWrt .15. Lee, General W. H. F. Lea, wife sind Saw; BolEng nephews.; General tee, and Captain David Lee, and children, and CaptaUi Robert Lee... "When tue procession started tlie men described semicircle, at Broad-street on As soon- .38' the last veteran organization passed Adams street, the military took up tlietr line of march, and when tlie head of, the- column'of veterans reached Ninth and Main streets, they hajtid; and" occupying tlie Booth side of the street.'roviewed the mil- itary. The latter marched np Main street to Efghthy and np that street- to as to pass General fee's residence, and ont Frantlito to Shafer. At Shafer street tho military, halted and. occupied ?hft south side ot the street.! The veterans, who had taken rip the line. of march after Tihe -military-Bad Wen reviewed, passed in renew of the- military and resumed their places.'at the head of the column until the monument was reached. AT THE MONUMBNT. Upon'- arriving at the monument the vet- erans faced the grand stand, with the mili- tary behind them and the cavalry bringing up the rear. The artillery were pdsted north of the pedestal. Governor McKinney called the assemblage GENERAL LEE. the eye in the streets through -which the tnag- nificeiit pageant passed. One of the most striking banners displayed bore this inscription "Lee, the chieftain, peacefully sleeps we honor his memory in living bronze." Many fine pictures of "Wash- ington, as well as of Lee, were observed on every hand, while thousands of flags wero wafted to the breeze. The national flog was displayed in proportion of fifty to one of the stars and bars. It was truly a confederate day, however, as the presence of many con- federate veteran camps and tlie airs played by the bands pertaining to the lost cause fully at- tested, and this was emphasized by many manifestations of delight that they brought forth from the crowds all alonp the line. The house of the confederacy and the governor's mansion, though not in the line- of march, were attractively decorated, and General Lee's residence, on the most fashionable thor- oughfare of tho city, was beautifully adorned and specially honored by the passing com- nmiids, the colors the various organizations being dipped, while in. many instances heads wero uncovered. CHEF-TUNG THEIR OLI> Generals Early, Longstreet and Fitz Lee re- ceived a perfect ovation, while many other confederate leaders were greeted with en- thusiasm. General Gordon, Wade Hampton and Governor Fowle were not recognized so readily as their names, but when they passed au old confederate organization to whom their faces wero familiar, they were lustily cheered. Tho Fifth Maryland regiment and veterans and the New York delegation of southern veterans attracted more attention during the entire march than any other organizations in tbe parade. Tf tberQ was any difference in their reception, it was in favor of New York, for the remark was repeatedly heard ou Frant- lin street, where the crowd was the greatest, "There goes Now and the welkin, was made, to ring with loud huzzas. The scene along tlie whole route, from be- ginning to end, was a memorable one. Al- though the most extensive preparations had been made to receive the large number of vis- itors, no- one expected to see the host that vis- ited the city, yet they were all well cared for and no complaints were heard. It is asserted on all aides that the parade, decorations and everything, connected with the jubilee excelled anything ever in the south. The parade formed on tbe north side of Broad street; from Adams down to Twelfth street. line marched, generally, company front, with double ran'ks. No saluting was done by tbe tcoops except when they passed. by the chief of staff. After they arrived at the pedestal, they were .formed behind the veterans, facing south-. Specially invited guests; the chief marshal and aides, the Stonewall K. camp, and Kichmond Light Infantry Blues formed on tne north aide of Broad' street, with the left resting on Adams street- Other -or- ganizations formed on the north Bide of. the street, and covered the space down to Thir- teenth street. Promment in the .procession were: Generals James H. Maiaty3 .Itiatc.ns, J.Wrignt, M.C. BotieCrB. L.Walker, (Jor- A. L. Long, to order about 4 o'clock in a few appropriate remarks, but the whole procession had by no means reached its destination. The governor introduced Dr. Hizinegerode, who offered prayer, after which General Jubal Early was called upon to preside. He made a brief speech and presented Colonel Archer Ander- son as orator of the day, who said COLONEL SPEECH. Fellow citizens A people carves its own image in the monuments of its great men. Not Virgin- ians oniy not only tliose who dwell in tne fair land stretching from the Potomac to the Rio Grande but all who bear the American name may Erondly consent that posterity shall judge y the structure whicu we are nere to dedicate and crown with a heroic figure; for, aa the poet said, that wherever the Roman name and sway extended, there should be tlie sepulchre of Fompey. So today, in every part of America, tlie character and fame of Robert Edward are treasured as a "possession for all time." And if this be true of that great name, what shall bo eaid of the circumstances which surround us on this day of solemn commemoration? That at. the end of the first quarter of a century after tho close of a stupendous civil war, m wjiicli more than a million men struggled for tlie masterv durinff four years of fierce and bloody conflict, we should see the southern states in complete posses- Eton of their local self-government, the federal constitution unchanged, save as respects the creat issues submitted to tlie arbitrament of war, and the defeated whilst in full and patriotic sympathy with all the present grandeur and im- perial promise of a re-united still not held to renounce any Rlorious memory, but free to heap houura upon their trusted lenders, living or dead all this reveals a character in which the American people may well be content to be handed down to posterity. All this, and more, will be the testimony of the solid fabric we here complete. It win recall the generous Initiative and the unflagging zeal of those noble women of the south to whom, in large measure, we owe this auspicious day. It will bear its lasting witness as the voluntary offering of the people, not the gov- ernments of the southern states and, as a perpetual memorial of our great leader, it will stand not less as an enduring record of what his fellow-citizens deemed most worthy to be honored VThat kiud of greatness then? It may be fit- trng m this spot to ask, what kind of trreatness should men most honor In their feUow-mea? and natural as is the- inclination of those given up to the in- tellectual life to exalt the triumphs or tlie imagination and the reason, sueh is not the impulse of the great heart of the multitude. And the multitude vr right. In a large and true sense conduct is more than intellect, more than art- to nave that the character of the ideal commander. .Ja the frnraaest manifestation In wbicn man can enow hiniaelf to man? Thetfowerand tne fiiscination of this- ideal is the- iadWgent tion we hestow on man, who, on the other, fallinc Ti Corse, M. L. 6; S: Bator, Tlras; standing before' that marvelous, montt- ta ?erlia aom which Frederick, "in fcis abit as henive! ing to his Russian people, and seema still to warn them that the'art which" won alone maintain it, we forzet the petty foibles, the chilling Itfe; wa remember human constancy of the hero-kinir. OC'iC, tam- ing from a career so crowned with final trininnb. we recall how, for er, ttamplea.nnder may, conceive the .deration with which Frencnmen.stuT crowd about tomb of tions, Jri spite of all tlie humiliatlonsof the eecinuC the .French ttoa during these latter years from abasement and r J fluS to "bO :caado: for .1 on Firat (Mronn TMnl IS PE4C1 THAI n WAR Was "flfe -Cbnfederaey'sVLeading tJeaerat PRESIDENT Incideats of Life at Washington College WHILE LEE HAD CHARGE. Notes by Dr. J. William Jones, Its Chaplains. D, Vo-, May 29; [Special Corres- Unveiling of the Lee monu- and tne gathering of the clans of con- federate veterans recalls many an- anecdote aud reminiscence of "Marse as the sol- diersknew and loved him; old com- rades "Shoulder tneir muskets Andfighttlieir battles o'er many a heart will be thrilled with the mem- ories of battle pictures in which the central figure our., grand old cliief, mounted on "Traveler" who. "stepped as if conscious that he bore a king- of men." Butitia well, also, recall him as, in the classic shades of the beautiful town of Lex- ington-, Va., be-.proved himself eyen grander itt_peace Chan in war, and in fire short years, as president of Washington college, showed to those about him what, liad he been spared a few years longer, tbe whole world would have he was not only the greatest soldier; but the greatest college president whom ttie country ever produced. It was my good fortune to go to Lexington in October 1865, just as General Lee assumed the presidency of Washington college, to have been one of his chaplains during the whole Eeriod of his administration to have seen im almost every day in tbe discharge of his onerous duties to have heard the board of trustees, members of the faculty, students and citizens speak ireely of his administration of the affairs of the col- to hare studied constantly, and thor- Lee, the college president and I do not hositate to say, after twenty years of calm reflection, that Bi E. Lee .was, by large odds, the greatest college president I ever knew, or of whomJC ever .read, HIS COSilNQ.TO. THE COLLEGE, After the' surrender at General Lee remained for a snort time in Kichmond -and then sought? a quiet borne in Cumberland county, Va- Offers of pecuniary assistance poured in upon him. An English nobleman offered bim a country seat in England and a handsome annuity if no would seek an asylum in the land of his fathers, but ne gratefully decliire'd the gen- erons'offer, nrast share ttie_ fortunes brtuy confederates from south-west Virginia who, on tbcir return from prison, called to see htm and offered him a rich farm. in their beautiful region, arid "to get together enough of the boys to workit" for bim, but voiced the universal sentiment of his there was not among them who would' not have counted it an honor to have shared with "Marse Robert" his last crust. But he did not belong to the tribe of "gift-takers" which the later but not better days of the republic have produced, and just as in 1864 he declined the gift of a house from tlie city of Richmond, saying to the council: "If the city has money to give, I hope that they will bestow it on the families of my private soldiers who are' more needy and more worthy than so he steadfastly refused to the end all gratuities. Some time during the summer of 1865, one of his daughters wrote in a letter to a friend: "People offer my father every- thing but work, the only thing that he will accept." Hon% "Bolivar Christian, of Stauntou, one of the most active anduseful members of the board of trustees of. "Washington college, heard of this, and at once conceived the idea that General Lee might be induced to accept the presidency of Washington college, which had been vacant since 1SGI, wben the presi- dent, Her. Dr. Junkin Jack- son's had resigned and gone north on the breaking out of the "war between the states." At the first suggestion of his scheme Colonel Christian was laughed at by his friends, as it was not' supposed that the great chieftain who had led mighty armies could be induced to assume charge of a small college in a moun- tain town. But he persisted hi his purpose, had a let- ter written by a prominent citizen to General Lee (the answer to which was fortunately de- layed, or the purport of it would have dis- couraged and at the meeting of the trustees, August 4, 1865, Colonel Christian nominated General Lee for the presidency of the college. He iras, of course, unanimously elected, although there seemed little hope of his acceptance. Washington college was the outgrowth of an academy founded in to which several years after the revolu- tioe, had given what was then a large endow- ment, and to which the trustees gave his name- It had sent ont many illustrious alumni who had adorned many high places in the history of the country, but at the time of General Lee's election to the presidency it had only four professors and about forty students, its buildings had been sacked, and its appa- ratus destroyed, and its library pillaged by the federal army under General David Hunter. who had burned the Virginia Military insti- tatef and .the private residence of Governor John Letcher in Lexington, and committed, other acts of vandalism in hia march through the beautiful ''Valley _of which will hand bis name dowzt to immortal infamy. Add' to this that a large part of its endowment had been destroyed, and much of what remained been renderednnproduetiye, and that in the then impoverished condition of the southern people there seemed little prospect of raisinga neW'-endowmeiit, or of secariiig students, and it-will be seen that the prospect presented to General was by DO means inviting. The rector of the board of trustees, Hon. John W. Brokenbrongb, was appointed to con- vey in person to General Leo the offer of tne presidency; and It may be mentioned as illus- trating thef poverty of -the college that .they .found difficulty in borrowing the small sum necessary tt? pay Judge Brofcenbrongh's ex- penses on the packet; boat from Lexington to Cumberland .county. The trustees were forftuiate in having as tneir envoy and distinguished. Vir- ginian; wno" eateredrnpon.-- his mission con amore, and presented: the.; case to Gen- eral Lee- with an ..earnest eloquence .which ,ka 'profound impression. He agreed taT take, it under consideration, and tho lamented Bishop 3t T. B; Wilmer gave a deeply interesting account of an 'interview which General .Lee reference --to, liad- his with liim accepting iQie.DasiUon.' certain iribre wioely .fcnoxyn; bxjguter prospects, trouldbe liaye- Mm as their: president, the gen- oldfriend, Bishop 'showed matt-Hes-': -f li-i" -ff j; Kr lUT-'f-TriAlMtflffiiliiriai'i-' caxon, and that his chief doubt was ai wUeteer he. was competent to nil the position General Leo left him with a profound convic- tion that if was a good Providence which had given the great soldier "an opportunity of entering.this Jiew field.. usernluess. Aftar further mature consideration, and fervent prayers for Divine guidance. Genera! Lea accepted the office in a tetter which so clearly and beautifully expresses- his views that wo give it in full as follows: POWHATAX COOSTV, AurBSt "4 IS5S_ Gentlemen: I have delayedfSr some dirt rcBlV- mg to your letter ol tho 5th me at iny election, fay the bourd of trustees to the dency ot Washington Collese, from a dlsireto give tho sabject due consiaetation. Fully pressea with the responsibilities of the uave fearce! that I should be unable to its duties to the satisfaction of tha trustees. or to tho benefit of the country. Tbe proper education youth requires not only ability, out, I fear than I now possess, far I do not fee4 aoie to undergo the labor ol" conducting classes ia regular courses of instruction; I could not. tiiera- tore, undertake more tban the general administra- tmnand sunervision of tbe institution. There is another subject which has caused me serious re-- flection andis, 1 think, worthy of the considera- tion of the board. Being excluded from the terms -of amnesty in tbe proclamation of the president of the tnlted States, of tbe Mtb of Jlay last, and an object of censure to ji portion of tue country, I have thought it probable that my occupation of the position of president rniabt araw upon tlie college a fee) ins: uf hostility; and I should, therefore, cause injury to ail instiWioa wliicn it would be my highest desire to advance. I think it the duty ol every citiion, in tbo i.rewsat condition of the country, to do all in bis power to aid in the restoration of peace aliil harmony in no way to oppose the policy of tbe state or eral government, directed to that object. It is par- ticularly incumbent on those charged with tbe in- atruciion or the young to settbem ail examiile submission to authority, and 1 could not consent to be the cause ot animadversion upon the col- Siionld yon, however, take a different view aud think that my services in tbe position tendered me by tUe board wiljbe advantageous to tbe col- lege and country, I will yield to your judgment and accept it; otherwise 1 must most respectluili decline the office. you to express to the trustees of tho college my heart-felt gratitude for the honor ccm- f erred upon me, and requesting you to accent my cordial thanks for the kind manner in which have communicated their decision, I uni, gentle-. men, with great respect, your uiOAt obedient ser- vant, R, is. LKK- Messrs. John W. rector; S. McD. Mooro, Alfred Loyburn. Horatio son, B, D.; Bolivar Christian, T. J. Kirte- patricK, committee. The joy in Lexington and among tho friends of the college, at the acceptance of General Leo of the presidency, was only equaled by the surprise of the country and tho chagrin other colleges' that they did not make an efforO to secure his services. One beautiful eveninc, the latter part of September, 18ti5, a lone horseman was seen descending from the mountains, crossing the North river, and riding up the main street of Lexington. He was a stranger to the town, and came unheralded, bat oue of the old soldiers recognized him, and it spread from group to group, undl from lip to lip, as men rushed to the hotel where he stopped: "It is General Leo oo On tlie 2d of October, the trustees, profess- ors and students-assembled in the coll ego chap- el. The venerable Dr. W. S. White, Stonewall Jackson's old pastor, led in a fervent and propriate prayer, the oath of office was adinia- istered, and with this simple ceremony the captain entered upon his brief, Wt Hant career as a college president. WOT It wa'g popular impression with many that General Lee s1 connection with tho would bo merely rt was only his name and iuituence that would be nsefnl, while the real work ivpuld be dono by the rest of the faculty. A distinguished and witty professor in another institution so far forgot the proprieties of the situation as to sneer at Washington college, in a public speecb. for "attracting students across the continent by the glitter of a great name only to turn over to unfledged subordinates." now there are intelligent men wlio think that General Lee a mere "Uigurs head" at tho college. Never was there a greater rnistaka made, a greater slander uttered. He was not the man to consent to be a "figure head" in anything that he undertook, and he had only been in the college a few days when trustees, faculty and students perfectly understood that he was and meant to be, president in reality as well as in name. Educated at West Point, he had been a clogs student all of his life, and as superintendent of the academy had elevated'its standard of scholarship, in- troduced some needed reforms in and proved himself "in every respect the ablest and best superintendent the institution. had ever had. He brought to "Washington college not only wide influence, "but real ability, untiring zeal, patient perseverance, sanctified common. sense, for his work, and a determination- to succeed, which were felt in evervdefrartment of the college and which not only attracted the large numbers of nj> the number in four years to secured large contributions of money, but, which brought the old college at ojice to the fore- front of our best colleges in tlie standard of scholarship, the excelfance of its teaching, the> character of its discipline, the moral arid ligioas atmosphere which surrounded it, and its admirable general management. He was tbe most laborious collesro president I ever saw. No detail of the teach- ing, the discipline or the business of the col- lege escaped him. He went into the class- room or the examination-room and listened with keenest interest to the recitations. kept np tlie immense correspondence of tho college as well as his own personal cor- respondence. He kept the record of each. student and looked after hi in personal iy, He saw every tree planted on tha campus, and superintended allot the repairs to the buildings, or improvements on thegrounda. Nothing escaped his keen eye, and he spared himself no drudgery in promoting the efhcien- cy of everything connected with the college. In a word he gave it his time, liis mind, bis heart, and threw into it all of his great of brain and brown, WHAT HE ACCOMPLISHED. As I have said, he found the college build- ings dismantled, its apparatus destroyed, library pillaged, and its endowment lost. Ha restorecLall these, and left the college in ad- mirable financial condition, with eight or ten new professors, over four hundred tbe old "fcurricolum" changed into tho "eclectic" system of tree and inda- pcndent "schools" and tho standard of scholarship and of graduation raised so nigh, that the college has had eince a reputation scarcely second to any other in tbe land, and has SGI it out some of the best scholars and most successful men in all of the avocations of lue. fU it would not be considered invidiopa, I nright mention such men as Professor M. W. Humphries, now professor of Greek at tne University of Virginia, and confessedly one of tiie scholara in the country today. Bev. Dr. George B. Strickler, of Atlanta, whose ability and scholarship Jiave won him. so many appoinc- feieuts to chairs and college presi- dencies. Dr- Thomas Kelson Page, wliosa- facile pen has adorned so many bright pageaot southern scores of otuers equally "worthy-] General was himself a fine scholar and a constant student, and while it was- feared at fiist that -an "old West pointer" -might be disposed to past mathematics and the sciences to the neglect of. the classics, it was soon by no means tfee case, but that his great innnenco and authority were constantly exerted in- duce the students to take latin and Greea, os both of which ho was himself Recalled to his-lielp a very abtea to ;