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Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - March 13, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia THE ATLANTA CONSTITUTION. VOL. XXI. ATLANTA, GA., THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 13, PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS. star P p IB a a m a m 1 a m p m i a na i p Op 3 a .1 u. 5 a o a Op 8 p nr> a i 50 a 15 a 1 03 40 p I 00 p uo a 20 i 25 a i 10 a a OS a m a i 30 i a7p.l uTO. a] ily at I nandi tall I rllle att: Sp ville Si ville Si lally I :r.W u.i obile 1' mn. Ga. I 2.30 p.l 3.35 p.! 5.00 11.08 an I a 10 33 a I 10.22 a II 10.10 :v K 10.04 a E 9.37 a 9.1U a 8 JO 8.05 a THE LABD WAS. nKFoas TBK AGBICUL- II-B.4I, A DIVISION OF OPINION REPRESENTED As Existing In the Sontli in to Bill--A to Be Tnrnert Capital Mews. ance: orn n hi! m Marcb 12, [Special.] Dr. .ni', hish officer in the alliance, and of the National Economist, told the '..tteo on agriculture that the alli- UMI the south were divided on the 'ii ul lard bill. He said many favored it, it. The southern members, eici viid ]ie was not correct; that every er in ;he cotton states waa opposed to the -ire. it s direct attach upon seed, and would reduce their to almost nothing. As the ma- of tho committee tavor the bill, r, they preferred to accept Dr. Mc- -.t itpmeiit. All the efforts ot tho sonth- 'i -tro now being exerted to smother the cM.'nmitfMK They know it would pass tlte hou-.c if cr brought to a vote. They are on Speaker Koed. Should ho op- pose it, tliere w ill be 110 trouble in defoating it the rules without assistance, he can bur, U with exse. A KAT TO BR TURNED OUT. Iiisiiivr-n out that tli o republicans of the clectinii committoe today decided to un- seat Lot-is Ttirpin, of Alabama, and bring intlicir man (MeDuffie) to take his place. Turpin received majority, and even in tho face of this large majority they decided he must go to enable the republican majority to grow. The case was argued on vliat is known as tho "census question. Not a proof ol intimidation or corruption was shown, hi not a single precinct was fraud The case was argued, on the hist cen- sus report, which shows that a majority of nf the district are of the colored per- McDuffee's attorney said the small democratic vote would be offset by tbe republican vote, and as the census showed, tho district contained some four thou- sand more negro votes than white voters, it stood to reascin that if the negroes had been intimidated and thoir votes thrown out, tlie returns would have shown MeDuffie elected. THE TAN-AMEKICAN TRIP. It 1 ioks lUco the southern trip of the Pan- Americans will be a very Decided failure. Some doubts are expressed as to whether they will so at all. Only twelve of the delegates have accepted Secretary Elaine's invitation to take the southern trip at the expense of tho government. Twelve delegates have declined, and tho others have failed to reply at all. Diplomats, however, say that the excursion must take place, no qiatter how few will go on it, for invitations have been sent out and ac- ceptances returned, In the list of places that have been selected for the delegates to visit, Atlanta has been left out. However, should the trip be taken at all, it will not require a great effort on Atlanta's part to get the few delegates who will go. The places which will be visited are Nor- folk, Newport News, Fortress Monroe, Richmond, Charleston, Macon, Savannah, Augusta, Jacksonville, St. Augustine, Tampa, Pensacola, Mobile, Xew Orleans, Birmjugham, Chattanooga, Memphis, Nashville and Knox- ville. The entire time occupied by the trip will not exceed three weeks, and the itinerary will be so arranged aa to have the delegates spend Sunday at Fort Monroe and St. Augus- tine, Florida. Arrangements for them are now being made by the Pennsylvania railroad company, and the schedule will be constructed by Tourist Agent Draper, who had charge of the tour through tho north and west last Octo- ber and Noxembcr. DUDLKY WILL BE CONFIRMED. "The Black" Dudley is going to be con- firmed as postmaster at Americus. That matter was settled today, and the settlement was brought about by that precious scoundrel, Buck. Buck wrote three letters to Senator Sawyer, chairman of the senate committee on postoftices, to which the nomination has been referred. In one of these letters he says that "Mr. Dudley" had intended coming on here, but that Assistant Postmaster General Clarkson had written him there was no neces- sity such a course that ho would be con- iirmed without trouble. In another he spoke of Dudley as an eminently respectable colored man, well fit to be postmaster at Amer- icus as any white man in the com- munity. In the third he said Captain W. Brown, of Macon, a gentlemau held in the highest esteem by the people of the entire state, had recently made a visit to Americus to inquire into the fitness of Dadely for the office, and that he hart re- turned pronouncing him In every way fitted for the trust, and was in favor of his eon- firmation. Then he went on to speak of the Black Dudley in the terms of praise, and asked that he be confirmed at once. Buck wrote on republican state committee paper, and the letters were all written with a type- writer, and all this comes in the face of Buck having denied, when here recently, that he had pushed Dudley'sconfinnation, adding that lie was not responsible for the appointment also after he had promised Senator Oolquitt andBrown and many other prominent Oeorgians, when they signed his petition for a place in whether he got it or not, be would See to it that only the very Itighest class of republfeans should be'appohi ted to office in Georgia, and that when a republican could not be found satisfactory to people, that he would appoint a protection democrat. Thus Buck has con- victed himself of being ft political thug of the lowest type, a man who should be shunned by all decent people, white and black alike. If Back's statement about Colonel W. "W. Brown is correct, that gentleman is cer- taiiily playing in a new role. However, those who know Brown best have accepted that with a grain of stalt, though they think it in order for Colonel Brown to make a statement. Dud- ley will be confirmed In aoout two weeks. TWO GKORGJA POSTMASTERS. Two Georgia postmasters were appointed to- day, J. F.Hanna, at Gibson, GJascock county, and B. Burdett, at Humph revs, Clinch county. M. F. Brimbery, Camilla, was today ap- pointed to take farm mortgages for the census in Mr. Turner's district. He is another Buck man. The house public buildings committee today reported favorably on Mr. Clementa's bill for s public building at Borne. Mr. Clem- ents expects to get it through the house within two or three weeks. E. B. would renwrt favorably upon it, but T received so many letters from farmers In the south and west asking me to do all I could to check the passage of tlte bill, that I did what I could in that "Did yon appear before the "No; I was unable to do so, but reached it by letter, and made a full statement ot the whole matter, explaining that the sentiment of the farmers throughout tho cotton belt was dead against it. They belies 6 that it will tend to depress the price of cotton seed oil, and are, as a matter of coarse, opposed to It.1' "How do you regard it "I do not bcttove in that revenue feature, placing a tax of two mills upon tlie compound lard, so as to get it into the iutcmaV revenue and insure the enforcement of the measure." "Are all the farmers against "No, the Virginia grange and national grange ai-e both lobbying for it with might and main. They say that to force dealers to label the packages containing compound lard would benefit the cotton seed and lard interests alike. 1 believed that the cotnmittee would report favorably upon it, but that would not insure its passage, as it would haxe to go before the seitute." "Then yon took no positive stand favoring its "No, I went there as chairman of the legis- lature committee, and in that capacty I sim- ply voiced the sentiments of the alliance, expressed to me. I never studied the matteti very closely, and consequently took no active steps either way, except as I stated alter the receipts of those numerous letters, I commmilrated with the committee by letter, setting forth tho views of the farmers of the cotton growing statesas adverse to the bill, be- cause it would discriminate against one of the staple products of these sections." I'LOWKR ANI> FRUIT. The Naw York Congressman ft Florida Delegate. WASHISOTOW, March of tho Florida orange growers appeared be- fore the ways and committee today to Request an additional measure of protection for their industry, J. E. Hartridge presented their case in an argument, during which he dwelt at length upon the practice by Importers of securing undue remissions of duty upon damaged fruit. He believed that the duty should be fixed at one dollar per box, and tho provisions for damage allowance should be stricken from the law. This would resiilt in the importation of good fruit and the protection of the domestic Orange growers from competition with trash. Large areas of Jand abroad were being prepared for orange culture. Owing to climatic condi- tions and rich: soil, the trees in the tropics ma- ture earlier than tho Florida trees. With cheap labor m addition, the foreign grower promises to seriously interfere with the Florida orange grower. Unless something was done to help him, thousands oE people who had in- vested their money in and given their time to orange- growing would be thrown out of em- ployment. THE POOR MAN'S FRUIT. Mr. Flower questioned one of the gentle- men and ascertained that Florida oranges were now selling in Now York at S3.25 per box, while inferior Mediterranean fruit was seJliiig at from to Mr. Flower said that tho cheap fruit was the poor man's fruit. The rich would always buy the supe- rior Florida oranges. Ho not see that the Florida orange grower needed additional pro- tection when he produced a grade of fruit that sold readily for more money than the foreign frnit. Hr. Mills asked why the orange grower should be protected at the expense of the cotton grower, or tho wheat and corn grower. Ex-Governor Mabry replied that those men ootild not be protected. But was that a good reason why tho orango growers should not be protected. He denied that increased protection meant dearer fruit. It simnly meant that the American fruit growers supply tho en- tire Americrn market. He asiuretl the com- mittee tliat Florida oranges could then be re- tailed at a cent a piece. The people of this state had labored hard to develop this indus- try. They wanted to show the people of the country that they had something aubstan- tail to offer them; some inducement to come down and make their homes in Florida. Chairman McKinloy asked if that was the general sentiment in Florida Witness replied emphatically that his poo- pie were unanimous in advocating protectloi for their indiistries. A LONG WAV AHEAD. Mr. Flower dre .v out tho fact that it woult take some years to mature a grade of oranges that could bo sold in competition with the Mediterranean oranges. He wished to know whether it would not answer witness' demands if an increase ot duty was granted to take effect, say, in fifteen years. Witness indignantly rejected the proposi- tion, saying: "You would wait until a man is dead, and then sing psalms over him." The chairman remarked that Mr. Flower did not seem to understand that a poor orange could drive a good orange out of the market Mr. Flower rejoined that the chairman did not seem to understand that it would be man: years, according to the growers' own state mcnt, before they could replace the cheap for eign orage (tlte poor man's frnit) with a domes- tic orage at the same price. Moreover, he die not believe that the climatic conditions o Florida (where ho was interested himself in ajj orange grove) would ever permit this grade of fruit to be grown. Governor Mabry replied that peoplewhohac put their money into the industry knew other wise. Mr, Flower said that he did not want to in jure the Florida orange grower, but he did no want them to injure his constituents. Now this foreign frnit came to New York at a sea- son of the year when the Florida orange was unfit for the market and could not bo had Therefore, a duty of a box would not helj the Florida grower at this time, but any dut; would injure h5s (Flower's) people. A LITTLS feEFARTEfc. Governor Mabry wished to know if the in fiuence under Which Mr. Flower was laboring was that of New York bankers who were ad vancing capital to Italian orange growers. Mr. Flower retorted that New York banker were raising one-third of that very Floridi Mabry w; POSITION. He TtlAt He Disfavored tbe Cottonseed Oil BtU. Dr. McCune, chairman of the legislative committee of tho National Farmers' Alliance, arrived in the city last night. He was seen at his room at the K bubal 1 and asked as to his position in regard to the, meas- ure. -Well, BO have given the sub- ject but little I bolierM the committee about which Governor orange crop awmt Wliicn uovernor waory was talking. Florida orange groves were a favorite investment in Xew York. F. S. Goodrich, of Florida, expressed hi at tlte change that had come unon Florida democrats, who were now here asking protection on oranges, knowing that if tbei request was grantea it meant a little duty m a little on Pennsylvania manufactured1 products and so on._______ Bon Over by a Train. KANSAS CITY, Mo., March Davi M-cGraw, pastor of the colored Baptist churc' at Armstrong; Mrs. Andrew Bey man and Wil Jackson, all colored, were run over by a Union Pacific train last evening and killnd. They were accompanied by three other men anc were returning from Armstrong, where the had attended prayer meeting. At tho time o the accident all six were on a high fill, jus across the rver. The jumped down th embankment and Officials Indicted. Kxw YOHK, March Sheriff Mo- Cony and Warden Keating, of iudlowttree jail, were today indicted by tbe grand jury on charges of bribery. They were placed under arrest and taken to Parti, general sessions before Judge Fitzgerald, who placed the bai at in each case. It was furnished an. the men released. THE DAY SET BZ.A.ZH wz TXOJT HE VOTE TO BE TAKEN NEXT WEEK. Wai-m on the Bin Which Sectional Tttrn and George and Hoar Have a Bout. WASHINGTON, Marcli senate pre- ceded to vote on tlie resolution to exclude the Congressisnal Record the Ions made by Mr.-Call in tbe report of the 'ittcussioii with Mr. Chandter on of 'ebrnary. Tha resolution was agreed eas nays 14, the democrats voting in the ffirmatire were Messrs. Cockrell, Payne, and Vance. Mr. CuIIora gave notice that on Friday iorning he would call up the house resolution elating to the death of the late Mr. Town- bend, representative from Illinois. On motion of Mr. Edmunds the senate pro- eeded to tho consideration of the resolution eported on the Iptli of Februaty from the Ommittee of privileges and elections declar- ng that it is competent for the senate to elect a president, pro tempore, who shall hold office during the pleasure of the senate and until mother is elected and shall execute the duties thereof when the vice president is absent. Mr. George took tho lloor in opposition to he resolution although he felt, as he said, hat ho was undertaking a hopeless task in op- losing tbe resolution which had been ap- irovcd in tho republican caucus. THB KDVCATIOVAX. BJX.L. Mr. George was still speaking when the IOUT of two o'clock arrived and the edtica- ioual bill came up as "unfinished business." le asked unanimous consent that he might jo on and finish his argument. Mr. Plumb called upon Mr. Blair to give the senate some indication of the time wken he vould be ready to have a vote taken on hia nil. There were, lie said, a great many im- portant measures on the to pensions, to forfeiture of land grants, to silver coinage and to other import- ant subjects affecting the prosperity of the people. Nearly four months of the session had elapsed and had yet passed tbe senate that could be said to boof any national importance, tie gave notice that unless some agreement could be made as to when the vote on tbe educational bill would be taken, he would move at 2 o'clock tomorrow that the bill be placed on the calendar. He wished "to in voke a response from tho sphyux of New Hampshire." THB SPHVNX SPEAKS. Mr. must first dig the sphynx out of the sand." There being no objection to Mr. George's re- quest, he resumed his argument. At the conclusion of Mr. George's argument, Mr. Blair rose to make a statement as to tho educational bill referring to Mr. Plumb's re- marks as "the rushing sphere of the father of waters." He spoke of tho in the way ot reaching a vote 011 the bill during the pres- ent week, but thought that by Thursday or Friday next, a vote might be taken. Discussion on that point was participated and by Senators Plumb, Hawley, Platt, latter stating that tliere was evidently no desire on the part of the senators to listen to speeches on the ed- ucational bill, as he had frequently counted as few as seven senators present, and Mr. Blair suggesting that perhaps those were times when the senators were engaged in salmon dinners. Finally it was arranged that on Thursday, of next week, at 2 o'clock, Mr. Blair shall have the floor to apeak for not exceeding hour, and that then the bill shall bo under "the five minute rule and a vote shall be taken on tne amendments and MIf. WILL TKT TO RKAD" IT OFF. Mr. Plumb gave notice notwithstanding that he would on Monday move to take up some other bill, the effect of which would be to dis- place the educational bill. Mr. Plumb moved an amendment to rule thirty-nine so as to provide that all votes cast in executive session, whether yea and nay votes or otherwise, shall be made public at the close of session at which they are cast. Re- ferred to the Committee rules. Tho resolution hi regard to the president pro-tempore was again taken up and after further discussion was agreed to without division. It reads: Resolved, That it is for the senate to elect a president protempore, who shall hold office during the pleasure of the senate, and until an- other Is elected, and shall execute tue duties thereof during all future absences of the vice president, until the senate otherwise orders. The concurrent resolution for the investiga- tion of immigration matters was laid before the senate with Ip bouse amendments extend- ing the investigation to the purchase of Ameri- can industries by foreign capital, and to use Bedloes Island, in New York harbor, as an im- migration depot. The house amendments were agreed to. SENATOR GEORGE FAVORS IT. The educational bill was then taken up, and Mr. George addressed the senate in advocacy of It. He said that from tbe beginning he had regarded the measure jfe a generous offer made by the no them states to the southern states. He was not there to ask alms for the people of Mississippi, but he should not go into the spurning business the senator from West Virginia (Faulkner had done some weeks ago, when he got on his high horse and pro- posed to spurn bribes and all, that sort of thing. There was no bribe in it, but he did not feel that he had the right, when he looked at the condition of a large portion of the black people of Missis- sippi to reject the offer made. He did not re- gard the offer as being made on dishonorable terms to the people of Mississippi. The com- mittee on education and labor had struck out of the bill an obnoxious clause that bad been contained in the previous bill, (in reference to the revision of text books) and had done so on his motion. That had been generous acfion on the part of republican members of the com- mittee. Mr. George went on to say that while he did not share in the idea that the colored people of the south would be elevated by education, he was willing to have an opportunity ex- tended to them; and he drifted into a defense of the white people of the south, and an arraignment of those who stir up dissensions at the south for political ends. SKSATOH HOAK RISES. Mr. Hoar said that he had too much at heart in the passage of the educational most important and beneficent be turned aside Into a discussion of the questions raised by Mr. George, but he asked that gen- tleman what his plan was as to the colored people of the south, and whether it embraced the protection and security of their right to vote without interference by force or fraud, and their right to a fair administration of justice. Mr. George'said that he had proposed no plan. He had thongnt, however, that the sen- ator from Massachusetts and other senators could understand Che difficulty of having an orderly, good and secure government, with two diverse races, differing; in all things, and espe- cially when the passions of tbe ignorant race were inflamed by intermeddling from tbe out- side. The theory of the government was that tbe people were capable of self-government; that the people of each state were as capable not only of discharging state duties aad of performing state powers, bnt also of perform- ing their share of national duties and powers. There was no thing under the constttu- ttou as wise states, capable of the guardianship of inferior states. There waa no such thing under the American theory of government as states In wardeaship to other and better states. But yet, judging from the history of recent years, the seemed to be lhat there were (Xew England states, and others) great and good, capable of discharging; thabr-fnH duties to their own people aud to nnlmi, and also capable of guarde- unfortunate sisters. said Mr. George, addressing the republican side of the senate, "is your theory; that is your practice and to.1 bland zeal, (I will not ill it by a worse name) to rectify all wrong it may bo in your assumed wisdom ami goodness to correct the shortcomings of others. You incite iu tho southern section of the imion tbe dagger and the torch. Even if we iu tlte south are not fit ted for self-gorern- (aa we are) we do not need your tutelage, Ansireringa portion of Mr. Hoar's question, Mr, George asserted that there was no distinc- tion in the administration of Justice in Missis- sippi except that the black man had in the jury box and on the bench a leniency accorded to him which was not accorded to the white man. He said that no black man was tried before a jury on which there were not black men, except occa- sionally when a black prisoner expressed to his el his wish to be tried by a white jury" right, he asked, had 4he senator from Massachusetts to impute by his question, that there was a difference made in the administra- tion of justice in the state of Mississippi be- tween the whites and blacks. There were cer- tain crimes wliich, whether committed by fe or black, were followed by swift and rble vengeance in tho shape of mob law. deplored that, and he deplored bloodshed, ch was occasionally the result of race conflicts, but he asked were there mobs in California and other western states where conflicts were excited by the presence of the mild Mongolian, The senator from Massachusetts expected a millennial in the south, with all its troubles, but he would never get it. He prayed that there would be too much virtue aud wisdom in the American people not to allow time and opportunity and just means (without impertinent interference) to settle the gravest problem that was ever presented to the human mind. Mr. said that tho senator from Mis- sissippi had talked about almost everything elsQ but had not answered the simple question which he comes, when he is on the stand, that he will tell a straight tale. Thin is the most atrocious murder ever committed in Unioii. Every ef- fort will be made to com ict tho guilty party or parties. How Trapped. CHATTASOOCA, Tenn., March 1'J.- [Special.) The pmtoffice department received frequent complaints that registered letters had been tampered with that through the Plant Branch office, in South Carolina. Suspicion fell upon It. L. Saunders, the postmaster, and an inspector was sent to that place to examhw into the source of tne trouble. Upon bis ar- rival he fotmd that Pfemmlers had fled, no trace behind. Thinking that he with his relatives there, the rail- way postal clerks were notified to keep a sharp lookout on all letters for that On last Titftsday a receipt for a registered 1 etter rcrei ved at Plum Branch, and rettmrfng to the sender, B. D. Davis, 623 Pacific aventie, San Fran- cisc. aroused the ?ri5picion of a and ha telegraphed the fact to Chief Inspector Sharp. of this rfty, who. in turn, notified the San Francisco authorities. Tliey called at the played the Wnff game on Davis, admitted that he was and fall confpsiion, staging that his ex- tended over period a year, aad probably amounted t TELEGRAPH BREVITIES. flondoffertnjrt yewrOay aggregated all accepted mt 123 for fonrt. The Kentucky lectulatnre yesterday passed a a constitutional convention. Chicago beat Brooklrn in the Rame at St. Anguttine yesterday. The score cago 4, Brooldyn '6. Jacob Falter, librarian of Wjvhlngt'vn and maivenftr, Lexington, Va., yesterday, years. The market at M