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Atlanta Constitution, The (Newspaper) - April 23, 1890, Atlanta, Georgia ATLANTA PRICE FIVE CE NTS. N TALKS EXPENSE .Toln In I.auchter at the Slap r.l John and most life in the house to- ,he democrat, in a continuous roar andevent.iere- government that year foots up leaving a margin of In this esti- mate f have included the regular and abso- lutely necessary appropriation bills. I have left ont the Merrill service pension bill, winch will take the river and harbor bill, which will take the direct tax bill, which will take and the prisoners, of war bill, which will take All of them arc likely to pass, and the throe largest are reasonably certain. These foot up to meet whicli there will be but ill tho treasury. Wo will, there- fore, next session bo compelled to actual deficit in the treasury of Now, I for one, don't see tho sense in voting for the McKinloybillif, as the revenue when the iionev is needed to carry on the government. I'nless p. halt is called, we republicans will find ourselves in the ino.t embarrassing posl- THE FARMERS' ILLS hue llOHM with and applause by d k wero how. e'aprvrMtion bill was under A' on took the floor In the in-1 vi as "ii the civil service and a''resident He firs1 quoted from "1 service'plank of the republican plat- sod then from Harrison's letter of ac- ,V MAX. n. ,aid he had some respect fur a man Sedges himself a spoilsman, but a man .h.obtained othce under hypocritical guise got the re-qiect of tho people. Then Mr d on a string of jokes, illustrati of republican opinion of Harrison. president thinks well of said "Mr 1'latt, of New York, I Jesus Christ'-, overcoat m a v ost tion the party has ever known." E. V. THE NATIONAL ZOO. Tbe Senate tbe Bill With the House Amendment. WASHINGTON, April Plumb's reso- lution, he-etofore offered, for an increase of tho treasury purchase mid the coinage of sil- ver, was presented, and Mr. Eustis moved as addition to it, a further resolution that the of silver is essential to sound J. W. JCUSK, THE CHIEF AGRICULTURALISTS Who Demands That the Principle of Protec tectlon Shall Be Extended to the Farmers ol the Country. free coinace irrw winum3 "s. financial policy, and is demanded by all the great interests of the country- And that, therefore, all laws liinitiii" the coinage of sil- ver ought to bo repealed. Mr. Plumb con- sented to let the resolution lie over for the present, gi the e Mr. Mitchell an oppor- tnnity to address the senate. Mr Mitchell addressed the seimto in favor of the constitutional amendment proposed by him for the election of senators by a popular When ho had concluded, his resolution efcrrod to the committee on privileges and Cl0 belie would not lie then told a story of department to get a con- Crhe0coi.fcrence report on the bill to regulate the sittiii" of United States courts in the dis- tru t of. South Carolina was presented and "The District of Columbia appropriation bill was taken up. During the consideration ot tho bill, Mr. Merrill, fiom the conference com- mittee on the bill for .the orKanl- Injalls going to cleparniieni, i" sntaeut appointed to a certain position 111 Kansas 4-t tho department he was informed IhJt'tho president had a friend in Kansas who said'lngalis. am glad it, and hope he win be appointed, but I be- lieve I know a little about the people of that uau, and if he has a friend there I have never heard of him." This was receiv ed with great laughter. Al- len then said. DIDN'T MEAN FOP. IT TO GET OUT. "I understand my friend Henderson (Iowa) Bid in a little meeting Ihe other night, that be endorsed the administration. He, however, didn't iliiuk it would ever get ont. It reminds me of a fellow down in -my state, who made a wager that lie could svv allow ono of those green, hairy worms. He swallow ed it and tho money was offered him. said lie. "keep your money. I just wanted to show you what a strong stomach I have." Applause followed this and Johrf Allen went on. "I was talking to a republican the other day." He said, "I asked him what he thought of the administration. This was his answer: "Wauuy runs the Sunday school, I-evi runs the white hoiise Baby runs the wuite crib. And, it, we are-" Perfect yells of laughter went up from all over the house and galleries at this, and then John Tew apparently serious. "I said, he, "that Baby McKco look-i gloomy and sad. The little fellow flunking all the time, and is in a state of dejection. Somebody told him that his grandpa became so noted and gained lus high oBice office on account of liis (President Har- rison's) gnuulpa. The poor baby is now think- ing what his future mast be." TUB BKJGKST LIK ON RECORD. Another hearty laugh all around, and Allen then told this one. Ho said a republican member recently wont to a democrat, noted for his prev aricatiiig propensities, and ra.d "Old fellow, tell me tho biggest lie von know said the "I understand Harrison's ad- ministration jrives general satisfaction." "If you hid thought fora lephedthe republican member, "you could not have told a bigger lie." Mr. Allen, after the laughter had ceased, be- came serious, and shot tome center blows into He administration. He charged Harrison with appointing thieves ami scoundrels, who have wen convicted of crimes to offices in his state, and baid if any one dared to deny it, he would jrove the charges. MR. CAKNON SQUELCHED. Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, made some remark about defaulting treasurers in southern dem- ocratic states. "Yes, we have had said Allen, "but we punish them. Wo don't make them chair- men of our national committee." This fearfully roasting of Quay silenced tho republicans completely, and Allen came out -decidedly on top. His was tho most humorous and telling speech made in tho house in years. GKOSVENOR TALKS. Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, said the anxiety manifested on the democratic side in regard to the popularity and success of tho administra- tion was tlie best sign that tlie republican bide ought to be satished with the administration, aim for one he was sure at proper time the re- publican Hide would bring in a silver mtee on zation, improvement and maintenance of a national zoological park, reported that the committee had teen unable to agree, and lie moved that the senate recede from its posi- tion and agree to tho house amendment, which requires half of the expense to be paid by the district government. After some discussion the motion was agreea to and the bill now goes to the president for liis uro. Consideration of the district appropriation bill was then resumed and ended by the pas- Eiice of the bill. After executivosession the senate adjourned. th TKYINO TO AGREE Some Kind of a Bill for the Coinage of Silver. WASHINOTOK, April The members of te liouie committee were in session for an hour this afternoon. The discussion showed that no material change in views had taken place since their last meeting before tlie caucus, although there was a more evident de- sire to come to some agreement with the sen- ate committee. The silver men managed to secure one concession, which they regaru as of value, in tho shape of an amendment to the committee hill, which will be offered the senators as a partial compromise, absolutely requiring the purchase of not less than two million ounces of silver m each month regardless of price. The com- mittee was also willing to agree that treasury notes-issued in the purchase of silver bullion shall lie redeemed in coin, or lawful money, as well as bullion, as proposed the house bill, but persisted in WASHTKOTON, April Jerry Kusk, secretary of agriculture, lifts given out for publication a letter dealing with tbe severe depression in agriculture, and suggest- ing such remedies as occur to him. After de- tailing the evidences of depression, he divides the causes therefore into two classes: First. Those causes Inherent to the fanners themselves, and for which they alone can provide remedy. Second. Those over which the farmer himself has no direct control, and the rem- edy for which must be provided as far as remedy is possible, bylaw, and for snob legislation the re- sponsibility devolves upon the legislative bodies of tho states and of the nation. The secretary then enumerates tho evils arising from careless culture, the lack of sys- tem, and the necessity of applying Hie same business rules to the farm as to the store or the factory. "Many of the says he, "have been land-greedy, and find themselves the owners of more land than they can properly care for in view of tho comparatively high price of labor in the rural districts, and in view of the fact that but a small portion of man- kind, comparatively, can profitably control the labor of others. The prudent farmer will limit his efforts to that which he canefnciently perform." The loading down of farms with mortgages, the efforts of transportation companies to earn dividends upon watered stock, the undue pre- ponderance of the middlemen, gambling in farm producto, the existence at combinations to control the sale and price of products, are all-discoursed npon. PROTECTION FOR THE- FARMEp. The secretary then goes on to say: BVew people realize that our imports of agricul- tural products estimated at prices paid by the consumer are about equal to our agricultural ex- ports estimated at prices paid to tho yet such is the case. Our Imports of products sold m competition with those actually produced on our own soil, amount to nearly ami as much more could be produced on om-own sod under favorable conditions. We mnst surely conclude that we have here another cause for depression. The subject is so vast that I cannot dismiss it The establishment of our agricultural experi- Farmers' Alliance, read a long argument In support of the measure, which, he said, was formulated by the committee appointed for that purpose by the convention of the Rational Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Alliance, held to St. Louis on December He sketched the decline In ngrlcnHmral values in the face of the marvelous progress and de- velopnnnt of other inunstrles and interests during the past decade, and insisted that something should be done for the farmers. He charged the fault upon the financial sys- tem of the government, which had resulted in high-priced money and low-priced products. The remedy. Colonel Polk suggested, was restore silver to its dignity and place as money metal with all rights nf BJECJ.VS2! JITT A TIT A CJ TW A Tl I delegation to visit the sonth, and the eviden CHABLESTOri VVAb MAD misunderstanding of the canses which ented them from coming, Mr. Hanson said: 'It was proposed at the state department M early as July last to organize iteneraries hronghout the country for the benefit of sreign delegates, and to sendltheni south Irst. Both Mr. Trescot, of South Carolina, and myself, had advised against the southern trip arly in October and upon their suggestion it was determined to postpone it until tho TO COME, AND SECRETARY BLAINE IS ROASTED Magnificent for the Dining of tbeTJelegmtes tneOtlier The Toasts Which Were Never Drank. low rate of interest, to meet the legitimate de- mands of business of the country, and which shall be legal tender for all debts, public and private; third, secure to such issue equal dig- nity with money metals, by basing it on real, tangible, substantial values. M'CUNB SPEAKS. Mr. Polk was followed by Dr. C. W. McCune, chairman of the national committee on legislation of the alliance, who addrysed himself more particularly to the merits and detaiis of the system of warehouses as outlined in the bill. He asserted that merchandise thus stored would not deteriorate below the market standard, and that the system had proved feasible and practicable in California, where the bank, in 1889, loaned on certificates issued to the farmers on wheat deposited in warehouses owned and controlled by them. Upon Inline cross-questioned by Senator Higglns, Dr. McCune said that all tho pro- ducts of labor be classed with agricult- ural products, and be subject to storage in the government warehouse, with an advance of eighty per cent on its market value. He said pig iron, or any other product of labor m any shape, could be included. Dr. McCnne also took occasion to denounce Colonel Gates, of Alabama, in vigorous terms, because of his views in opposition to the bill. He said Gates proves and displays his ignorance, and shows his prejudice in his published utterance. Colonel Gates was not present. Dr .McCune had a short confeience with Senator Paddock, chairman of the committee, after the meeting adjourned. Soon after he said lie felt perfectly confident tlie bill would bo reported favorably immediately, and would soon pass both houses. However, of the seven members of the senate committee, it is quite well known that Senators Higgins, Blair, Bate, George and Jones will vote against the bill, and as they compose all, save two of the committee, it is not at all probable that JJr. McCune is correct. These senators want to do something to aid the farmer, but don t CHAHI.BSTOX, S. C., April The circumambient atmosphere in the city by the sea today is sulphuric, and Secretary Elaine and his friend, Mr. 'William H. cott, come in for a large dose of the sulphur. The abandoning of the southern trip of the Pan-Americans is the moving cause. For months and months, Charleston has been holding out her hospitable arms to embrace those Pan-Americans, and when a fortnight ago, it was officially announced that Secretary Blaiiie, having got all he wanted out of the Pan- American congress, would turn it over to the south, Charleston began to hustle. The mayor, the city council, the chamber of com- merce, the cotton exchange, and the mer- chants' exchange, "got appointed a number of committees, raised a champagne lunch fund, hired all the coupes in town, and finally, on Monday night, went to bed early so as to be up bright and early this morning to meet the Pans. BEADY FOE THE FEAST. The magnificent steanier-Sapho, which has been known to make the trip between market wharf and SulHvan's Island within au hour, newly painted, and had her the Pans do something think this the proper measure. o o r. same sub-committee which conducted the last negotiations was instructed to confer again with the senate's sub-con. mittee. BAYABH IN BHUXSWICK. He bays tliat Cleveland Will Bo He-elected President in 1892. BUHNSWICK, Ga., April [Special.] Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware, ex-sec- retary of state under Cleveland's administra- tion, was a guest at the Ocean hotel last night. THK CONSTITUTION correspondent called on him in the Ocean hotel parlor, and asked him what ho thought of the :Sew York Sun 8 attack on Cleveland. Ho scorned anxious to turn the conversation, and replied "Beallv, I haven't been paying any atten- tion to politics since I left homu. I haven t been the Sun, at all, hut I guess the last attack "'rhat's'soine ti indicates that M inee. he w was something like the first." Tho reporter then asked him of Mr. Cleve- land and his-probable nomination 11118'.B. Mr. time off yet, but everything _ -r. Cleveland bo the noiu- Tlie people will force it on him whether it or not, for Grover Cleveland is the grandest democrat of them all." "What do you think of the democrat s chances for success in "Tho indications were never better. Mr. Cleveland will carry the solid south again. He will win in New York and m many of the western states. The democratic outlooi is verv hopeful." "What do you think of the stealing of two senators from It was an outrageous proceeding, and, under tho strict letter of the constitution, disfran- cli'aes the people ont there. It but affirms the that for party power the republicans will do anything." ______ their soils and climate, and the application, in Keneral, of scientific principles to agriculture, all combining, make this assurance doubly sure, pro- vided always, that this diversification, be encour- aged and fostered the application of the prin- ciple of protection to the development of new industries on the farm. It is simply the extension to our agriculture of the protection so beneficially extended in the past to our manufacturing In- dustries. In the dajs when the farmers were prosperous, when good crops were accompanied with high prices, and the value of agri- cultural land went up accordingly, the farmers to a man, stood by the principle of protection urged on behalf of the manufacturers, who, burdened tuen with the heavy load of taxation imposed upon them by the civil war, were threatened with crave disaster in the face of European competi- tion. Now in the face of the severe competition which today confronts the farmer in foreign mar- kets duty, fairness, and in the long run, self-in- terest demand that wo should afford him the bene- fits of a home market for all that he may be able to produce on our own soil. This includes all the sugar and molasses, all animal products, wool, Bilk, flax and other fibres, all our bread stuffs, fruits, hay, hops, nco, tobacco, vegetables and wines: but many of these things will never, can never be produced on American soil in competi- tion with the labor of European nations, especi- ally when, as In the case of sugar, the Industry abroad has been helped by liberal government bounties. In urging a protectiv e tariff for the benefit of the farmers, Mr. Rusk concludes. One glance at the comparative rates of duty levied upon agricultural as compared with other products, one glance at the free list, the greater portion of which consists of agricultural products, either grown or which could be grown upon our own soil, and a comparison of figures with the average of dntj levied upon manufactured articles, ought to be mfflcient to silence forever any opposition to the demand I have made on be- half of the American farmer ill my annual report, by a wise application of our admira- ble protective system all the benefits of our home market be secured to him for everything he may able to produce. And again: Accompanying this principle of Detection to the American farmer, that of reciprocity, whicli should Invariably be applied whenever that of protection is relaxed. If there are products grown to better advantage in other countries, remission vould seem to be in the Interest B. VV B. CALLING FOR BOATS. Baron Sara Inundated, and loss of Life Feared. NKW OM.BANS, April Governor Nichols has received the following: HAVOC SAKA, April _ have been over- whelmed by tlie storm and rain crevasses are numerous along the front. Old Moreanza levee has broken. Send boats at once to save the peo- ple, or there may be great loss of life. Signed by Martin Glynn, president police )nry Governor Nichols at once made arrange- ments with owners of the steamer Arthur Lambert and barges, then at Baton Kouge, and the boat started immediately per Pomte Coupee, with several barges to render as- sistance. Other boats will be sent up tonight Attempt at Escape. ClSTTANOOoA.Tenn., News has reached the city of the well-nigh successful attempt, of twenty county convicts, guard discovered and sent for help, which ar- rived in the shape of forty armed men, headed by 'Squire Springfield. The convicts said they would not submit, and the first who answered to lus name was knocked down by the leader. Finally, several of the volunteer guards were sent in, with their rirlcs cocked, and ono after another of the recalcitrants put in irons, llie leader was the last, and made a desperate fight; be was finally over powered and hung up by the thumbs until he weakened and cned for mercy, when he was let down. The Sun's Cotton Kevlew. Nr.w VOKK, April opened lower and further declined, closing barely steady. The which would be satisfactory to the people. Speaking of the civil service system, he said that he aid not behove that the law audits administration was approved by one-fifth of members of either house of congress. He wkevedthat if each member of the house Jonld vote his deliberate opinion, he would make the trip, but intended f his official duties would permit, to join the excursion at Charleston, remaining with it as far as Atlanta." In reply to the reporter's question, wliat do you think of Mr. Blaiue, Mr. Hanson sain: "He Is the greatest living American." THE ALABAMA GOVKKUORSHrP. Crook, Johnson, Richardson and Kolb Gain Votes. MONTGOMERY, Ala., April The political campaign waxes warmer. convention held in two counties yesterday, which instructed for Crook, of Calhoun, and Lowndes, indorsed Commissioner Kolb for governor, and instructed its delegates to otaf for him first, last and all the time. This is Kolb's first blood, and is regarded by his friends as the signal of the storm witlt which he will sweep the next month. There never was, in the history of the state, a campaign in which so wide-spread an interest was felt as in the present struggle for the gov- ernorship. The Farmers' Alliance is thor- oughly aroused, and its leaders are in the sad- dle, bound for victory. So far, eight counties have appointed delegates to tho coming state) convention. Of these, Madison, Limestone. Landerdale and Blount have instructed for Richardson; two. Calhoun and Talladega, for Crook; one, Dallas, tor Johnston; and tliei other, Lowndes, unanimously instructed for "YE OLDEN TIMJE." The Cotton Oil Company. NEW YORK, April The trustees of the American Cotton Seed Oil trust today form- ally retired from control of the company, and tamed offices property over to suc- cessor, {the American Cotton Oil company, {the which is incorporated under the laws of New Jersey. Before the transfer .Tules Aldige, Nicholas Sheldon, M. Frank and T. B.Chaney resigned as trustees of the trust and ana were elected directon of the successor company, Jules Aldige being made president. A Challenge Has Been Sent. April W. P. Campbell, Authority from Secretary Blaine ito purchase tickets and carry the gentleman through the sonth wherever they determined to go. WHY THE "ATTACHES" mn NOT COMK. The original programme having collapsed the members of the party concluded they would not continue the trip any further south. It is said this determination was reached some- v, hat suddenly this afternoon. The reason for it in fact, it is understood, so be the informa- tion received that an editorial in today's AT- LANTA CONSTITUTION, whicli said that the party "was made up merely of private clerks and valets of the delegates, who were return- ing home." The designation was extremely distasteful to the visitors and they unani- mously determinded to nut an end to the proposed tnp sonth. While the Pan-Americans do not express themselves freely, they evidently do not like the idea of Mr. Blaino recalling the special train back to Washington last night.-As they are the guests of this government they can not very well talk ont in meeting about the sudden manner in which the trip south has been curtailed. BLAINB LACKKK DIPLOMACY. The southern people think that the secretary of state might have managed the whole affair with far more diplomacy. Indeed, the people of this section are inclined to think that Mr. Blaine's manifesto has very little interest in affording the government's Pan-Amencan guests an opportunity of seeing the southern section of this country. The strangers seemed to spend today very pleasantly here. The Clerks Back in Washington. WASHINGTON, April Pan-American menagerie has returned, and disbanded. The clerks were disappointed, for they had expected a flrsKilass junket and plenty of fun. The two delegates, if any were ever (a the crowd, seem to have been last somewhere down in Virginia. Only the pri- vate secretaries and clerks were hauled hack. The evening Critic, in criticising the action of Mr. Blaine, says: It migJithave been expected that when the serious basiness of the Kongiess was over, tbe busy men who constituted It would be anxious to return speedily to their respecOre spheres of ac- rTvitv AccordinfCly. tbe abottixeness of tbe southern tour will not place the after thought in a. very pleasing light, or lend greatly to auay south- ern dJsapponvuncnt. ________ An Entertainment at the Girls' High School This Eveulng. Tonight the graduating class of the High school will give an entertainment at the hall in the school building. The entertain- ment is for the purpose of buying a telescope for the use of the school, and is worthy of the patronage of the people. The girls will wear costumes of "je olden and sing and recite the pieces that were familiar to our gram'.mothers. An ad- mission fee of twenty-five cents will be charged. The entertainment will commence at 8 o'clock, and will be repeated on Friday after- noon. SBK ATE ICE CRKAM. A Tlsltor to the I-adtes' Fair in Seized With Snddeu Last night there wasa small sensation at the ladies' fair, which is being held in Centennial hall. Just before 12 o'clock, the hour when the fair breaks up, a young lady, a stranger to tha ladies conducting the fair, and uiikowii to any of the visitors, except those with whom she come, was suddenly seized with She was sitting in an open window, and. taken ill, pitched forward onto the floor, unconscious. Had she fallen backwards she would have been crushed on the stones of the street be- neath. When she was nicked up by bystanders it was thought that she was dead. For some minutes she did not move or utter a word after she was placed upon a lounge. Doctors were sent for. and in the meantime ladies did all they could to revive tlie sick When (he physicians arrived she had re- gained consciousness, but was sufferingternble agony Her groans and moans could be heard I on the .street beneath, and for a time there was great confusion in the midst of the merry- The doctors discovered that the yovmu lady been seized with congestion of the had stomach. She was moved into an ante room arm placed npon a lounge, being in too dangerous a condition to remove to her home. Early this morning she was still at Ccntesw nial hall in the hands of physicians and tho kind ladies of the fair, who remained up all night at her side ministering to her. The young lady had been dancing and eat- ing, ice cream during the evening, and this what the doctors say caused her illness. Her condition very serious, and at one time it was thought she could not recover. The young lady came to the fair with two strange young men from Marietta. They re- fused to give her name, and beyond stating that she lived in Alabama and visiting her aunt on Edgewood avenue, near Inmau park, would say nothing.______ The cnattahoochee exposition Assured. COLL-MBCS, Ga., April citizens' meeting in the interest of the Chatta- hoochee Valley exposition, held at the Springer opera house tonight, proved a great success, tt was largely attended. Enthusiastic speeches were made, and an amount which assures tlM holding ot an exposition was raised. TELEGRAPH BREVITIES. The striking carpenters of Chicago .-ire becom- ing riotous. The gas of Chicago tew decided to strik. next Me t Monday. lts has ended The carpenters' strike to IffiUanapcl a compromise having been aOoctsd. yesterday. all 123 for 4 percents ana VtPf, tor at 123 for 4 percents The society at Brussels yesterday in honor of cted by the government, which Jsto notes upon deposits of pain therein. COLOHBl, FOLK ABOUMMTr. Oohttel Font, president ot the Hattanal assistant enrolling olerk of the Kentucky home of representatives, has vsent a challenge to fight a duel to Thomas H. Davis, editor ot the Mavsville Kepublican. Davis published that Campbell bad left debts unpaid when he re- Sent ly went away from Augusta, Ky. Camp- bell threatens to kill Davis on right If the duel is declined. SYLACATOA, Ala., Anil The crowd to attend the sa'xj tomorrow is tremendous, all the sonth Atlantic and many northern cities represented. Bight hundred visitors are in the city toniuht and there win be over whan OM> sale begins tomorrow. Temporary sleeping apartments an ample, and the eattngfaciuae. saanaced. and three days. MAJOR HANWMI EXPLAINS Did Wot Keep MACOS, Ga., April failure of tbe Pan-American excursion through the sonth wan the subject of general discussion on the today. Meeting with Major 1. F. Hanson, who reached home yesterday, be gave THB reporter the follow- WASH isjOroiT, April zl. v. Hanson, Secretary Btaine has orfered tram to retorm. necanse there are enly two foreign dele- gates in (he party. Please eapUia to jronr people andexpress Us regrets. WsLK-Ctnrna. VAJTMB HjBJCafflr Couuaentue upon the iortfen fa gave a grand at ta given to the armyan4 last night. It was a quisi affair." I W S Smith, who runs a sawmill neal arTd killed Frank Phillips yes- terday. Tlte senate has confirmed the nomination of C, C United marshal for the north- ern district of Florida. Malignant diphtheria is epidemic In Oy TiUaga of April. J W. Craddoctwas committed to jail in Hsst- rtco county, yesterday, fat attempting on tli Chesarwske and rsfl- road on March 1Mb, Tbe court-martial at Commander Kowman Ot began it Brooklym navyiwd. Tbe charge! are cruel treatment at geneckernas dismissed UH Cronln suspect, the state believes WoednnTs eastern- iNEWSPAFERr ;